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The Caldweil Watchman
VOi`(. 9 ('OI4UMIUiA, L[ UISIANA, Fl il.AY, ,I ', 1 915\ GEORGIA EXECUTIVE ALLOWS CLEMENCY "I WOULD BE A MURDERER." SAYS GOVERNOR, SHOULD HE ALLOW FRANK TO HANG. DON'T WANT BLCOD ON HANDS Speakers Started to Harangue Crowd From City Hall Steps, Cut Were Stopped By Extra Policemen. Atlanta. -- Leo M. Frank's death: sentence was commulted to life iam prisonment by Governor Slaton. .\: nounecement of the governor's d:( i sion came a few hours after Frana: had been secretly taken from the ja:! here and hurried to the State priso i farm at Milledgerille. Frank was se:: tenced to be hanged for the murder of Mary Phagan in April, 1913. f Governor Slaton still nas at his I' country home when he anounced his decision on the case over the tele phone. In making this announcement the governor dictated the followiug statement: "All that I ask is that the people of Georgia read my statement of the re, sons why I commuted Leo M. Fran:'s I death sentence to life imprisonment before they pass judgment. "Feeling as I do about this case, I would be a murderer if I allowed this man to hang. It may mean that I must live in obscurity the rest of muy a days, but I would rather be plowing U in a field than to feel for the rest of n my life that I had that man's blood on my hands." e Governor Slaton was completing a long statement giving his reasons for his action, and this, he said would be p made public later. Early extra editions stated uno'll- s cially that Frank's sentence had been d rest of a an who attempted to lis' 0 mount a policeman by grabbing the horse's reins stirred the crowd at For sythe and Walton streets to excite ment, and they followed the officers g to the City Hall a block away where a they took the prisoner pending arrival n of a patrol wagon. ti Speakers started to harangue the crowd from the City Hall steps, b,'t were stopped by an extra force of 0 police. At Marietta. 20 miles from here, the former home of Mary Phagan, d Governor Slaton was hanged in effigy. An in.cription on the dummy read: "John Slaton, Georgia's traitor gov ernor." New Subway Opened. 1f New York. - The Fourth Avenue a subway line in Brooklyn, the construe- c tion of which cost about $16,000,000, and occupied nearly six years, has ti been opened officially. The roume runs from the lower end of Manihat tan to Coney Island. Federal Reserve Statement. 0 Washington. - Legal tender notes t and silver in the hands of the federal h reserve banks increased more than p $4,000,000 during the last week, ;c- n cording to a statement of their con- P dition June 18, issued by the federl 14 reserve board. F College Car Lawful. Washington. - Free transportation or transportation at reduced rates of cars with exhibits of state agrictl- . tuml colleges where the colleges a.re ii sustained by state, was declared law- P full by the Interstate Commerce Comn- P mission. d More Hay in South. ' Washington. - The practicability b of increasing materially the produc- P tion of hay in the South P urged on Southern farmers in a bulletin issued by the Agricultural Depar:ment. British Ship Torpedoed. I London. - The 2,000-ton Brit.sh 0 steamer Dulcie was torlpedoed and i sunk off Suffolk. The members of b the crew, with one exception, were t saved. c Waterway Bill Signed. Springfield. - Signing of Governor Dunne'tl waterway bill, considered the most important measure passed by $ this General Assembly, was the prin cipal feature of the last hours of the Legislature. Frye Reply Ready. Washington. - The American re ply to German's last note on the sina lng of the sailing ship William P. t Prye by the Prtns Eitel Friedrich has 0 been practically completed. I lIi wv'LLIAMvl MARCONI. 'Williai Marconi, the 'ireless ex pert narrowly escaped capture by a, German submarine while on his way from America to give his services to Italy in the war. IN ARRAS SECTOR EACH SIDE DWELLS ON LOSSES 1 OF THE OTHER, AND EACH EMl PHASIZES ITS GAINS. London. - Although disagreeing as to results, the German official state ment and the French and British conm munications indicate that the fighting in the Arras sector and at the north ern front is as desperate as any the western theater of war has developed. The area of hostilities is tiny as conm pared with the sweep of the Galician front, where the Austro-Germans are still driving forward, but the last few days have brought much hand-to-hand t fighting, the British and French stri'-. - fmc h ,ine ' proponderance of machine guns, as promptly initiat ing a counter attack. Each side dwells on the losses of the other, and each emphasizes its gains, all of which have been costly, although comparatively small as measured in distance. It is too early to say whether this means a serious Franco-British attempt to break through, but is it patent that they are on tWe offensive. In the east the Austro-Germaus forces are not only nearer across the frontier of Poland, but claim to have driven the Russians further across the frontier of Poland in the vicinity of Tarnogrod, as well as penetrating fur ther into Bessarabia. The battle for Lemberg is now raging along the fortified Orodek line, where it is predicted the Russians will give a final stubborn battle to save the capital. The British press, pending such time as the Russians stiffen their re sistance, is finding solace in the re ports of the collosal human sacrifices which the Austro-German drive through Galicia entailed. It is claim. ed that the Russians, even if forc.d to retreat, by clever management have drawn the Austro-German forces periously far from their rail commu nication, meantime so seriously salp ping their vitality, with estimated losses of 10,000 mrin a day, as to con tribute materially to the outcome of the western campaign. No Reward Is Offered. "'"shington. - The Department of A,ricluture wants it understood that it is not offering $10,000 reward to the pe,.on find:ng a passenger or wood pigeon nest containing eggs. Hun dreds of persons have written letters to the department for' information. The bird is extinct, according to the best information obtainable, the de partment says. St. Louis Bank Robbed. St. Louis. - The Grovers Bank of St. Louis County, outside the St. Louis city limits, was robed of 53, 000 after the cashier had been locked in a teller's cage. The bank roh bers put the telephone service of the bank out of commission and es caped. Foreign Trade Balance. Washington. - A foreign tradq bal ance in favor of the United States of $14,256,207 is shown by a report is sued by the Department of Commerce for the week ended June 12. Imports were $32,621,619 and exports $4;.. 877,826. Income Tax Pours In. Washington. - Treasury Depart. ment officials expect more than $S2,. 000,000 during the present calendar rear from the income tax. oll LOUISIANA SOIL IN GREAT OEMA ? PRACTICAL CALIFORNIANS TURN It. DISPLAY AT EXPOSITION TO ADVANTAGE. l EMERGENCY CALL IS ISSUED 1 When Exhibit Was Made Up a Quan tity of Reclaimed Soil Was Placed at Each Corner of Space. New Orleans.- I.ouisiana's rich soil is in demand at San Francisco. ('alifornians have carried away every bit of it that they o could lay their hands on, and are u1- d ing it to fertilize their grounds and gardens. It excels any of the nature stimulants they have been buying. c They were not satisfied with the sa;n- h ple to which they have been welcome, but have stripped all the boxes and pots and an emergency call has beel put in for more of the reclaimed hu mus from Rareland prairie and other sections, or the prize-winning Louis iana exhibit at the Panama-Pacific Exposition soon will be in bad shape. tl When Louisiana made up her exhi- C bit, she tooit along a quantity of re claimed soil and filled a box at each corner of the space with the earth. She also packed a large number of g tiny souvenir boxes with the compo sition. The visitors soon learned the wealth of the plant food in the sam j ples and they came back for more. Instead of asking for it, they simply scooped it out of the boxes, and b, fore the raid was discovered, the mulch was gone. The attendance t the exhibit would have been conce! ed about the loss, but they consiU' it such a fine tribute to the qualt:. of the state's land that they cons.i. I the incident rather proof of the - Iyont6eltssse tAnd oppo"T nittes, and have forgiven the visito who eluded their vigilance. t/ A number of Californians who have made fortune.; through land exploita- o tion have begun investigation that may lead to the investment of mil lions in Louisiana acres. They have a boosted the price of even arid desert r land in California to a thousand dol- b lars an acre, and some of the other F Western states in which they have h operated has passed the hundred dol- ti lar mark. They admitted that Louis- t lana soil and products were far ahead e of anything they had seen, and could e not comprehend why the farm land inc Louisiana was selling at such low prices, unless there was fraud in claims and titles. Several of themn told Prof. Glenk that they were go ing to institute immediate inquiry, and if the opportunity is as attrac tive as it appeared, they would not hesitate to buy up immense tracts and proceed to prompt development and colonization. STATE HAPPENINGS. t The annual tax sales have been concluded at Lake Charles. 439 pieces I of property having been adjudicated ' to the state and to individual bidders. Contrary to the usual run of affairs, the greater part of the property pass- C ed into the hands of the state, as there were few individual bidders. The property sold represents a tax f revenues of only a few thousand d1l- i lars. t The gasoline and motor oil war which has been going on in many of the cities of the country has struck Monroe and owners of automobiles and motor boats are now enjoying a cut in the pr'ee of gasoline and m tor oils. A manual training course will be added to the high schol course next season at Many. The past term was one of the most successful in the his tory of the institution, and the need 1 of the new department is pressing. The Lincoln Parish Farmers Union t will meet in Ruston on July the first, E 1915, at 10 o'clock a. m. All local t unions are urged to send delegates and dues so that there will be no trouble in making out a report. I -- t The board of pensioners concluded its quarterly session at Baton Rouge. Four hundred and seventy-two appli- I cations were received, out of whi*,hh 253 were placed on the roll and 219 ( rejected. Both houses adopted a resolution I by Senator Barrow endorsing Dr. O car Dowling's stand against patent i medicines. T. Il. Itarrir,, state sulp riitel'd nt of educati(n, in a :statmebntl, declartdl tile Iprs.nt~ n tllifd of distrihuting ;I s'chool flullnlld. ':1 h i: (1'i . tCo. T11-111 Ler of diiin al le cl hildrln i., se ..ihless and ob.ol(t lt. "llnd( r tie prE,:.u ntsY.:,nte , neflg ehihldr, n itf ,iIdu(a;)le !(,-. many Of who it (e r sal\ : I'! l(ýI 'ol ou-F', twi 1 the allll llll f o !( 111n ' ai\\Varl (I l- V ishes by tilt, t "-at . S o , of tilE. :^ ishes w ith a lar';, nueerr lpoplnlati,)n thus get h:1lk fromt t!e s,;at a l (honl Inotley t1lO)r," than theyv pyv into the state ltr"leltr! in Ixtax'- f,.r all ),pr- a POSes ." :Mr. larris bE litve the fuild- she ll'l be dist i t,ld on a ha is . advane' Imlet the I,:I'i.<jhlE Iiav(e Illmlde in scthool L ntrttt(er.. 11 \\ ill teek 1 o (chanie the Present. st telln i1 the' (,uStititioiUl COnIl-.tinoi. The :iil( rintendent saidl that lhe 'h - lieved that It e ponr shov i:ug made ty some of tlwt parishes in the r,c,,nt a school cell1su1s (specially New Orieats where the (e-nsus shoewed a hig falli't , off in tie number of idl.alble (chil dren. is du.' to ilacurate ctnsus in v the past. 11I c(ailled attention to the fact that tlin parish school boards no, v conduct the census. Plreviously they had been conducted by th parish as- 1 sessors. t Four important appointments were made by the governor an.1 were con- r tirmed by the Senate without a dis- t senting vote They follow: Robert Roberts, Jr., as judge of l the Court of Appeals of the Second t Circuit, vic.e Ben F. Edwards, de- c teased. t James A. Dayries, as member of f the Board of Control of the state pen ftentiary, vice J. M. Kilgore, term ex- t pilred. T Will H. Holmes. as member of the i *tate Conservation Commission, vice .I A. Dayrie., resigned. I - George Wesley Smith as secretary I the governor, vice Robert Roberts, t i4., resigned. If the Railroad Commission of uisiana allows the carriers in the I te to increase the rates on good ds building material such as sand, I rel, stone d, shells, the cam- 1 r' een going on in the state for good roads will come to a sudden and disastrous end, according to W. E. Atkinson. state highway et-. gineer, of the Highway Department of the Board of State Engineers. Mohawk Tribe of Red Men of Don aldsonville is making extensive ar rangements for the big celebration to be held under its auspices on the Fourth of July. and sufficient progress has already been made in the formula. tion of plans to justify the assertion that event will be one of the most elaborate and entertaining that nas ever been held in this section to commemorate the glorious anniver sary of the declaration of America's independence. The police jury, at its last meeting, adopted the necessary resolution pe titioning the highway department of a survey for a model road of the route from Kaplan to Gueydan. This Swill be another link in the great pub lic highway which will eventually ex tend from New Iberia to Abbevile thence to Kaplan, model road now in course of construction, thence to Gueydan and Lake Arthur to Jen. nings, where connection will be made with the Calsasteu road system. The Panama Canal is doing a larger commissary business than ever, and ;much of it is being done through New Orleans. There is said to be more freight on the local wharves than the regular vessels can carry, although the United Fruit Company is sending two big ships a week, so that the re port is current that the line may in crease its service to three times a week. Notwithstanding unusually hot, dry weather, farmers near Natcht toches are harvesting the largest and finest oat crop ever raised in this parish. As a rule the crop is being harvested as hay and will be used by t planters to feed their work stock and cattle. However, M. F. Atkins placcd - 1200 bushels of threshed oats on the I local market. Louisiana has won such marked dis I tinction at the Panama-Pacific Expo sition in the matter of awards issued I to exhibitors as to demonstrate to Sthe world its right to recognition as Sone of the very greatest agricultural, mineral and manufacturing states in the United States. 1 In both houses the conference re - port on Butler's bill to a:uthorize the SAtchafalaya Levee Board to issue )1500,000 of bonds was defeated, A petition was received from the Ssugar planters' associations protest - lng against a convict labor bill in t troduced a few days ago but since withdrawa. SAYS DARIANELLES CANNOT BE FORCED WEBER PASHA DECLARES FAIL. URE OF ALLIE& IS Or3VIOUS TURKS IN GOOD CONDITION. OCCUPANCY IS DIFFICULT Little Activity Shown by Each Side During D3ytime--Turks Prefer Night Bayonet Attacks. Krithia.--Alliwid troops. \ho hLl'l'd at Seddul iahir on tile i;:tl!ipili 'P. ln I ~ula, hold about 10 sqluare L1i.s ,If :he extroeme southern part of the pl: iinsula. The occ:lrniey is conpled with the greatest diflicultil. The grounid held by the allies :,on ,ists princip.illy of a siimall pl:atefiu inorth of Sediul llahr anl two :tid joining ridge. to the northwest, be tween which the Turks are pushinig advance tre lies. The Associated Press correspoaid ents, who spent two days in the trenches, found the Turkish troops ifn excellent condition and spirits, in L spite of the fact that the allies are using every conceivable means to carry on the operations, including bombs thrown from catapults and I from aeroplanes. I)During the day time both sides are usually inactive, the Turks preferring night bayonet attacks. Many TurK ish batteries are in position, but the nearness of the oppossing trenches makes their work very difficult and r for the most part they are directing their attention to the reserves of the allies and to changing shifts which are exposed at certain points. The f Turks in this have the support of their heavy batteries on the Asiatic side, which since the rentirement of , the allied fleet work without fear r,f being, molested, bombarding chiefly a the allied right wing,' composed of a French, home and colonial troops. g The number of wounded at the hos pital bases at the front was small, al t though the fighting during the night had been fairly severe. Weber Pasha, the German general . commanding the south group, gave the correspondent every opporturi.ty to o visit the Saddul Bahr district, placing no restrictions whatever upon the cor g respondent's movements. . The result was a thorough inspec n tion of the ground. Weber Pashla t made no comment on the situation a himself beyond saying that "the fail a ure of the allies to consummate their plan of forcing the Dardanelles is too s obvious for discussion. Weber Pasha, who is a member of the German military mission which undertook the improvement of the Ot toman army organization is fully con fident that the Turks will be able to meet the Gallipoli situation and that the allies will never advance against the Dardanelles forts. President Joins Union. Washington. - President Wilson became a member of the local union n of Journeymen Stone Masons. Rep o resentatives of the union who were Spresent when Mr. Wilson recentl; laid the cornerstone of the Ameriea:. Red Cross memorial building here brought him a card of honorary membership. r Presidents McKinley, Roosevelt and i Taft also accepted honorary member Wships in unions during their tenure of ' office. h Washington Relic Stolen. i Alexandria. - A silver pew plate, E bearing the autograph of George - Washington, was stolen from Christ SChurch, of wnich he was a member during his residence at Mt. Vernon. It is suspected a tourist was guilty. ' The plate was a fac-simile copy of Sthe original used by Washington, Swhich was stolen shortly after the SCivil War. S Can't Prosecute Roads. 4 Jackson, Miss. - Federal Judge U Niles granted a temporary injunction s restraining district attorneys in Mis sissippi from prosecuting the Illinois Central and Yazoo and Mississipp! s. Valley railroads for not complying o- with the electric headlight law passed d by the state legislature in 1912. s hortage in Munitions. 1, London. - Some details of the Sshortage in the supply of war munl. tions are given in a statement by Ms. Jor General Desmond O'Callaghan, e who has been engaged in engineering e work for the War Office since the be e ginning of hostilities. Will Battle Demon Rum. I New York. - Dr. S. S. Goldwater, city health commissioner, began a ' campaign against the abuse of fntoxl. 6 catllg liquors. 1 -. . M a• The list of honors conferr(d on t!ie occasion of the' birtihdaty o the king :.I l,'England was headed by tlit(, Ia, ' I f Field Marshal Earl Kitchlner, hIo r. n ceived the knighthood of the Gartr. HIEAVY FIGHITING RENEWED IN WEST BRITISH WIN AND LOSE A MILE OF FRONT BEFORE GERMAN COUNTER ATTACKS. London. -- For the first time In weeks there has been heavy fighting over a comparatively extensive line of the British front in Belgium and Fance. Berlin describes it as an Au glo-French movement synchronizing with Russian reverses in Galicia. To win a mile of trout, and then to lose it before terrific German coun ter attacks was the experience of the British near Festubert. In a state ment, frank if brief, Field Marshal French records this incident, but does not state the losses, which must ira;.. been heavy on both sides. The Germans are as frank in co;; ceding the loss of ground near Ypres, but do not mention having been fort ed, even temporarily, to yield a mn'e of their Festubert stronghold. In the east the Austro-German ad vance continues to swing forward with the exception of the section be tween the Dnlester marshes and Za rawna, where the Russians holding the bridge-heads are making some headway. Gen. von Mackensen, according to dispatches, has given himself a fort night in which to capture Lemberg, and it would seem that, at the rate his and co-ordinate forces are going t forward, this Lime limit will be ample if the Russians are unable to initiate a stiffer resistance than they are showing now. The latest Zeppelin raid on England i has created hardly a ripple of excite ment. Aircraft protection was one 3 of the subjects discussed in the I House of Commons, William Joynson I Hicks urging a marked increase in t this branch. He said that London must soon expect a serious raid and I added that at one time more than ive Zeppelins of the latest typo were over t the English coast. The under-s,ecretary for war, H. J. Tennant, belides giving assurances that bigger aeroplanes were under construction, said that since the be e ginning of th., war the number of ma t chines had been increased tenfold ani. r the number of men engaged in this branch fivefold. Goethals Wants Rest. Washington. - Major General 9 George W. Goethals, governor of the Panama canal zone, is to be relieved of duty and placed on the retired list within the next few months. This will be done on the application of General Goethals himself, tecause he s feels that he is entitled to a rest from official cares and re ql ties. His successor will pro Lieutenant Chester Harding, neer of maintenance of the can A $50 Gold Piece Struck. San Francisco. - The first $50 goml . piece ever authorized by Congress Swas struck by the San Francisco mint Sand purchased by President Charles g C. Moore of the Panama-Pacific Ex · position for $100. 6,290,000 Tons of Beets. Washington. - This year's sugar * beet crop in the United 'Jtates prom e ises to be a large one The Depart. I. merit of Agriculture estimates tie yield at 6,290,000 ton.