Newspaper Page Text
4C A 5VMi U*Udt ~ , * AW New York City Trying to Lure Back Its Birds N EW YORK.-As the inaugural move of a widespread campaign for luring back the little songbirds so rappily di isalppeafring from the parks and suburbs of the city, the Ne, York Zoohogical society has established an exhibit of nesting and feeding boxes in the Zoological park, with sign boards and labels advising the bird Q lover where each model may he ob S- on tained and what birds are most likely RFT to be attractetd by it. Lee S. ('radall, assistant curator of birds of the society, in a bulletin makes it plain that if some remedial I / action is not taken in the near future the soughird is going to forsake New York. probably never to return. Perse cution of the feathered songsters by man, the growing congestion of the outspreading city and the recently im proved methods of forestry conservatism are given as the chief reasons for the state of affairs in this resplect. The application of modern forestry methods, the assistant curator writes. has so trimmed the branches of the old orchards and so carefully removed all dead or decayed forest trees and insect-harboring undergrowth "that many of our useful birds are hard pressed indeed to find a cranny in which to deposit their eggs or cover in which to search for food." Among the other shelters of the park exhibit is one of the portable class, consisting of a small car provided with small wheels which travel on a wire strung from a window to some convenient point, and another equipped with an automatic feeder of the hopper type now used by poultrymen. Mr. Cran dall says that suet holders furnish the simplest and probably the best method for feeding Insectivorous birds, such as woodpeckers and nuthatches. Cupid Must Keep Regular Hours ;n Indianapolis j NDIANAPOLIS.-Russell Jewett, bachelor and marriage license clerk for Marion county, has thrown down the gauntlet to D. Cupid. Jewett is the b man who asks prospective brides and grooms whether they are white or o black, how their grandfathers wore 0 their beards, what sort of knots grand- n mothers used to fasten their apron NO strings and numerous other questions a almost as sensible that are required 'E WANT A a by laws of the commonwealth. If no MARRIAGE LicENSF h legal hindrance exists and the appli- n cants have the necessary $2.50 Jewett b grants licenses-dozens, gcores, reams ti of them daily-for seven days a week. P That's what makes him sore-the seven-days-a.week shift. , b According to custom and prece. q dent, Jewett is entitled to a day and a half off each week. The clerk's office hi is supposed to close each Saturday at noon and to remain closed till Monday. fc Marriage license seekers are supposed either to get their permits before Saturday noon or wait till Monday. But they don't, and--ah, there's the rub! They call on him at any time they are ready, office hours be hanged. If he's in bed, what's the difference? Couples will wait till he dresses and comes downtown-early in the evening, in the middle of the night, or early in the d morning-it doesn't make any difference to persons bent on getting married. Ji In fact, it's a lark-for them. Now Jewett has come out flat-footed and balked. He asseverates and a declares that hereafter he'll refuse under any condition or circumstances to a come to the office out of hours to issue a marriage license. And so, if there's a shooting in his neighborhood, it may be D. Cupid v out for Jewett's scalp, since his heart seems invulnerable. PV This Philadelphia Father Has Some Household pHILADELPHIA.-The father of seven-year-old Pamine Velucci is not a lightning calculator and he offered his lack of education as an excuse the 2h other night for not knowing that little Pamine was missing from his home,hi Q29 Kimball street. It takes time for C] L Mr. Velucci to count. How, indeed, .m ' may the father of sixteen children " . ý ý. " 6" know when one is not home without vc * * 7- j'-9 taking the census? lia S.. Policeman Kain found little Pa I " mine at Fifty-second and Market o- 3 I street, far away from home. He took o 14 the little fellow out to the Twenty. ninth street police district, and the lad told where his home was. House Sergeant Abrams telephoned down to the Thirty-third district, telling them l1 to go around and tell the family that Pamine was found. When a policeman Al went into the house and gave this information, the elder Velucci said it was co not his child that was found, because, indeed, no child of his was missing. wl Whereupon the police were much Puzzled and there was considerable tele- of phoning and Questioning of young Pamine, whose story, however, remained ye Two hours later the father of Pamine came into the station house. He humbly begged the pardon of the police agents. He was most sorry he had f made a mistake when the officer had called. Since then he had made the chi count. He had totaled up the children of the house-the eleven in one he family, the ten in another and the sixteen in his own brood and, after much to calculation, it was discovered that, in solemn truth, one was maissing. So wt little Pamine was brought home by the police and Joined the other thirty. w six persons in his house. an Pittsburgh Treaters Have Evolved Novel Plan p ITTSBURGH.-"Glmme a pair of black silk sox." a "Have these on me, Bill." Ao "No, Joe; you bought the last time. You take a pair on me." of "Well, I forgot; but if I do I'm go. m Int to buy collar buttons for the bunch. Don't try to put anything over on me." HME A pal Four or five members of the East NECkTIE SURIE wa Liberty Treating club, it might be ex- / (E Re plained, were lined up in front of the D OP we counter of a men's furnishing store. fro There are fifteen members of the club, all of whom several months ago Lit decided to cut out the allurement of " cor the saloon. They chose the furnish. a ina stores of the big East Liberty dis trict as being the most useful avenue by wbhich to show their good fellowship and at the same time keep away from the useless expenditure for alcoholic drinks. esi Threa or four other members of the club sidled up to the furnishing his counter. "Now," said one, "let's have a necktie all around." The proprietor tor looked pleased. "The next treat is mine, boys," he said. And without further the ado be tossed out five very attractive tie fasteners. r )"Dn't you think we've had pough?" asked a husky youth with a pair o br a~ae blue eyes. "Well, I don't know," said another member of the party tov "We might stand a round of collars." And the proprietor brought them out eve latnatlr-all shalpes and sies. The youth who had ordered planked dow mel the meay. "Now," he said ,"let's go home to dinner and tell the folk. that we base treated all around." ee And the M.st Iaberty Treatin club soberly marched out. LIMIT TO THE OBSERVATION Pecullar Fact That Most People Can See Only What They Are Trained to See. There once visited the Canary Islands a painter who had lately come from Holland. The picture which re corded his first impression of Tene riffe gave, not the hot, clear, flattish coloring which is typical cf the is land, but a study of a windmill, shown atmospherically among gray mists and deep subdued tones. In the far ther foreground trudged two figures, silhouetted in the gloom almnost dead black against the gleam of a wet road. It was a faithful record, but of Teneriffe in a rare mood; and every one who saw it, said at o.nc(e, "Oh, S yes--Dutch." This is an example, such as most artists could multiply. of ng that instinctive habit by which we se li lJect for notice the things which we an have grown accustomed to seeing. It es may partly explain how two thor noughly "realistic" painters can record rd almost diametrically opposed impres b- sions of the same scene. It may fur iy ther point to an explanation, in part, of many wide differences of opinion or among experts, even upon matters of in fact - scientific, social, national. a1 Trained observers are likely to be re men who see what they have been trained to see, and nothing else. They .,. go in blinkers, of which each pair is made on a different and the only cor n. rect pattern. JUST A GENERAL NUISANCE IF I Oat Smudge, or Oat Louse, One of the F Most Annoying Small Things H h in the Universe. SI h4 The oat louse has no wings, and yet cc it flies through the air, borne on the gentle breezes which waft over the th fields. It has no legs, and yet it ad- at heres to the flesh of man with a devo. th tion that is inspiring. Some persons si call it the oat smudge, but most per- at sons call it by some harder name. W] A fine way to accumulate the tribe th is to take a trolley trip near fields th where the honest husbandman has of been garnering his crops. There the th oat lice, which are about the size of ab overgrown black fleas, fill the air quite ed numerously. lie After such a ride they can be found an adhering to the arms and face, with OC a small sprinkling down the neck. At bu heart they are innocent young things, neither biting nor stinging, and yet, tee because of their peculiar rolling mo- tet tion, they are ticklish little devils. So Pa people shake them off. .a! The particular niche in nature filled pal by oat lice is not quite clear, so it is in: quite reasonable to assume that they cla have been set apart to offset the mani.- no fold joys of the suburbanite. lie, sal Family of Hymn Writei - The Wesley family all wrote hymns, including the father, three sons and a daughter, though the two brothers, John and Charles, wrote the most of all. The first volume of hymns by John Wesley was published in 1738, and the first one by Charles Wesley in 1739. Following these at inter vals, John Wesley published five more volumes separately. Charles Wesley published 38 volumes separately, and the two brothers published several volumes together. Most of the vol umes were small, some of them con taining less than twenty hymns, but 20 of them contained more than one hundred hymns each, and one of Charles Wesley's volumes Contained 1 455. Charles Wesley is said to have i written altogether 6,500 hymns. His volume of hymns for children, pub lished in 1763, contained 2,080. The * sister, Mehitabel Wesley, who, by an ' unhappy marriage, became Mrs. d Wright, wrote some hymns, but did t: not publish any. s Sources of World's Rivers. 0 The Shannon has its source in a lake, the Rhone in a glacier, and the Abyssinian branch of the Nile in a confluence of fountains. The country where some of the mightiwt rivers of the globe have their riae has not yet been sufficiently exploredto render their true source ascertalin . The origin of others is doubtful, owing to a number of rills presenting equal claims to be considered as tbe river head; but many are clearly referable to a single spring, the cerent of which is speedily swelled byltributary P' waters, ultimately flowing L broad of and deep channels to the sa w ni Historical MisnonM of1 History is full of mimnotr. Our fathers began to call in Oldur Abe when he was only f years is of age. He died at fft. ar never was old. and o The most famous regi h participated in any ha to was Morgan's Virginia war p Revolution. But 192 of of the m were from Pennsylvania troops gl from Virginia and 65 from nly 163 The Pet name for NaDol lands of Little Corporal, but he was tha a corporal. He entered the was a n as a lieutenant.--Philade army m Ledger. ph he How Dog m fei The dog's well-knon smell is of grat se ense of his master. rIn ati eNa tory or smelling nerve olfac- the their terminal inside havet trils the entire e th 's noB- s brans around no k mem w tive. This enltlm een ever, only whoa e, how- mi moist, and it is n keeping it so tion for nose always cold e dog's est L II ".+'. '~ej4 ~~*~ *...' .,.,..... :& · iK ~"' ·.··.- b wT IS thought by some that Paul's defective eyesight may have pItr. vented his appreciatin:g natural scenery. Ilowever that nma ha ve s been, it seems impossiblc, that he should not have beent iniprsseid hy the splendid views that anyone, sail ing up the coast of Sicily through the Straits of Messina and along the south Italian shore enjoys, says 1Re. hr. Francis E. Clark in his series, "In the Footsteps of St. Paul," in the ('hristian Herald. lie would have seen at first smiling, vine-covered hills: and before he had gone far, glorious Etna, snow capped for much of the year. An ever-changing panorama delights the eye until we come to HRggio. the ancient Rhegium. Alas, a pitiful sight there greets the traveler today. Mes sina on one side of the narrow strait and Reggio on the other were both wrecked almost beyond recognition by the disastrous earthquake of 1908. On the Messina shore one sees great rows of little wooden houses scarcely larger than henhouses. These are the port able bungalows which were transport ed from America. ready-made, to re lieve the sufferings of the houseless and homeless people. They are still occupied, for little has been done to build up the ruined cities. The authorized version of the thir teenth verse of the twenty.eighth chap ter of Acts says in describing St. Paul's journey after leaving Syracuse, "and from thence we fetched a com pass and came to Rhegium." An amus ing story is told of an infidel who de clared, misquoting Luke's words, that now he had proved the Bible to be a lie, since "in the book of Acts it was said that they fetched a compass aboard Paul's ship, and everybody knew that this was long before the compass was invented." The revised Version has taken the wind out of the inaccurate infidel's sails, to speak nau tically, by translating the passage in r more modern phrase: "And from t thence we made a circuit, and arrived at Rhegium." Here St. Paul's ship evi dently waited for one day, perhaps to discharge some cargo, or possibly wait ing for a fair wind, which soon blew, for we are told that "after one day a south wind sprang up, and on the sec- f and day we came to Puteoli," 182 a, miles to the north of Rhegium. Its oe Between Scylla and Charybdis. of Shortly after leaving Reggio we ed pass between Scylla and Charybdis, ye the fabled monsters of antiquity, the [is rock and the whirlpool, which have ib- been robbed of all their terrors since be steam navigation came to bless the in world, and to make the traveler's bur 78. dens and dangers light. Soon after, Id the active volcanic mountain of Strom boll, on one of the Lipari islands, is seen, and all the way along the glori ous South Italian shore reveals itself; splendid mountains rear their heads a in the near distance, their sides clothed 1e with vineyards and olive and orange a orchards far up their slopes. y As we approach the Bay of Naples the scenery becomes constantly more entrancing. We see the promontory of Sorrento across the Bay of Saler 1 no, and soon Capri with its blue grot to comes in sight on the left, and tow ering Vesuvius with its constant plume of smoke on the right. ,f Sailing across the Bay of Naples, past the spot where the notable city d of the present day is situated, a place 1 which was then comparatively insig nificant, our travelers came to Pute- I oli, or Pozzuoli, as it is now called, at present a decadent suburb of Naples. I r This miserable and dirty town of some 16,000 inhabitan's, as it now is, ! s is connected by trolley and steam rail- z way with Naples, and is often visited I by the modern tourist who wishes t B to see the remains of the ancient tem- e r ples and amphitheater and the mighty t s mole, which still tell of the ancient a s glories of Puteoli, b I Nearby, too, is the volcanic field a of Solfatara, not a mountain, but a e fiat plain, the crater of a low volcano, c into which one can thrust his cane in many places and find smoke and sul- c phurous vapor issuing from the hole as o he withdraws it. Probably there are ii few more dreary or disreputable places g in Italy than this modern suburb of y Naples. It has not the ragged plc- t. turesqueness which somewhat redeems t4 the worst slums of Naples, but is a c) squalid, unwholesome town of the w worst type. o0 Was Noted Roman Resort. It is difficult to realize that it once bi might have been called "the Liver- ai pool of Italy," that here was the Lu- a crine lake, which supplied the pam- bi pered Romans with their famous oy- th stors, and that the whole bay wu cc Is c'overed with the beautiful yachts of '- the fashionable folk who made laiae, ajlll just ,von~d, the most noted resort, as ei' rr;ilt as it was notedl . for the in li valiils and fashioinablel idlers of Rome. by ThIr, \were famoius springs here, il- hicli attracted the sick from many ie quarters, and it is said that the an h cI 'ilit namen c'ame from the sulphurous r. sttch which they emitted. Puteoli ie is no longer a fashionable watering in p1 ace, but tronl tither causts the same st name might be applied to the mod. re ern Pozzuoli. v- Yet here we can look upon many of the things which St. Paul saw; the ts sea itself, fresh and clean as ever; e the encircling hills, no less beautiful t in their spring greenery than on that s. spring day when Paul sailed within t their encircling arms. W\e can even I see the 17 piers of the great mole y which stretched far out into the bay, I within whose shelter vessels anchored, s one the Alexandrian grain ship on . which Paul had arrived. Today we can see the ruins of the temple of Serapis, or the splendid marketplace as it is now thought to be, which , very likely was in its pristine glory when Paul landed. Tens of thousands of travelers from many lands sail into the famous har bor of Naples every year, but com paratively few of them realize how C near they are to the footsteps of St. g Paul, and how, after a short trolley k ride from the city, they can plant their feet where he trod. P Let us take the electric car from q Largo Vittoria, where the beautiful park, Naples' famous promenade and Rotten Row, begins; a park that 8 stretches for nearly a mile along the water front. Soon, however, we get beyond the fashionable quarters and the innumerable hotels. The car makes S8 its slow way through a slummy re- s. gion where the air is rent with the Li Sraucous cries for which noisy Naples ur is famous, and the nose is assailed by el more than the seventy odors of Co- li logne. Ifo Tunnel Under Poslilpo. Shortly a tunnel is reached under the green hills of Posilipo, a tunnel almost as ancient as Naples itself, for it was dug by the Romans to avoid the steep climb over the precip. itous tufa rocks of Posilipo. Seneca, we are told, grumbled at the dust and darkness and the odor of this tunnel, and they have not been improved since his day. The noise is deafening from the clatter of horses' hoofs, the pat ter of herds of goats, the grinding tor ture of the electric car wheels, and above all the brazen throats of the Ne apolitans who urge on their donkeys with an indescribable noise, guttu ral and grating, which seems to come from the innermost parts of their anat omy. Imagine all this noise, dupli cated and reduplicated by the resound ing arches of the tunnel, and one can have some idea of the grotto that leads him to Pozzuoli, the ancient Pu. teoli of St. Paul. Another slum awaits us at the other side of the grotto, followed by vine yards and orange groves and truck farms, until, after a ride of four or five miles, the last part of which affords glorious views of the bay and its islands, which never lose their charm, we at last find ourselves in an other slum, more hopeless than any we have yet seen on the way, and find I t that we have at last reached the old Puteoli, and that the electric car leaves us but a few steps from the spot where the great apostle must have come ashore. The immediate surroundings of the great pier where St. Paul landed are as filthy as any other part of Pozzuoli. Indescribable old hags leer at us from the doorways; ragged and dirty chil-' dren, wholly i'nacquainted with the use of a pocket handkerchief, swarm around us. Several small fishing boats are drawn up on the shore, and a little church, called St. Paul's Chap el, stands immediately behind the an. cient mole. The modern pier, built over the an cient mole, is a truly magnificent one of solid cut stone, which runs far out into the sweet, clean water, and by going out to the far end we get be- 1 yond the reach of the importunate tout. If one can forget the approaches to the pier, he can here enjoy the en chanting scenery of sea and shore, while his mind is stimulated by mem. ories of the mighty past. u But the volcanoes have brought * blessings as well as curses, for the ii ash which they pour forth becomes in a few years a soil of almost incredi- 7 ble fertility, like the volcanic soil of s the Yakima valley on our own Pacdf a coast J SINGING INSECTS OF JAPAN Are Kept as Pets by Every Class of People in the Empire of the Mikado. The season of singing insects usU illy begins on May .'8, the fair day of :he Fukagawa Fudo temple--an im alemorial custom observed by the in ;ect fanciers of Tokyo. Prom that late on insect dealers carrying cages ;warmi;ag with thirping pets will be Teefn at evening fairs or in the streets. Singing insects are favored by every class of people in Japan. The late [zEmpress Slhoken was noted for her :ancy for kantan, a species of singing insect. II. I II. the ('rown Prince Ili -ohito is known to keep kajika or sing ing frogs himself. And II. I. Ii. Prince f'ushimrni is well versed in the knowl 'dfg' of all the chirping varieties. It is und(erstood that the imrnp rial house sold department orders insects from forisan, an insect dealer in Yotsuya. who is also patronized by the Mitsui family. Besides this man there are two famous fanciers. one being M1r. Komiya at Kanda, while the other is Mr Kavazumi, Yoyogi, a suburb of this city. The current price of the insects a head runs from 2'. cents for grasshoppers to 121, cents for kantan nmd umaomol. The price of insect 'ages ranges from $7..,o down to 21' cents. The insects must be kept in the shade and never in the sun. nor be sprinkled with water. In-I WAS NOT TO BE FOOLED Woman Knew Her Husband Too Well d to Accept Visitor's Story as a Truthful One. "Some women are terrors." re marked a Brooklyn man in a whisper, 'and the wife of a friend of mine is sure one of that species. I was smok. ing In her presen :e the other day, she Shtaving said I might, and she sniffed the atmosphere a time or too before making any comments on my efforts. "'Huh,' she said, 'I don't object to smoking, but I do object to a bad I cigar.' "I thought I had her dead to rights 3 on that and proposed to crush her in her pride. 'I beg your pardon, madam,' I replied with charming naivete, 'your husband gve the cigar to me.' "But did that keen repartee knock her out? It did not. "'I don't believe you,' she said with cold assurance. 'Mly husband never gave anybody a cigar in his life. I know him.' "Of course further badinage on my part was useless and I backed off. quite abashed. And the sad, sad part of the story is she called the turn on me both times. That's one reason some women are terrors." it Harvest Time in Shantung. l Now," come and see a harvest in s Shantung. Here, too, it is the time of supreme interest to the whole family. e Life in the country is practically meas s ured by so many wheat harvests, and ' every old man and woman hopes to live to see one more. For weeks be fore, all plans are made with reference to it. Carpentry, masonry, work of r every kind must either be finished be i fore "pulling wheat time" or laid aside at that time to wait until the harvest is over. No matter how important, In the eyes of a foreign resident, the work In hand may become, he cannot beg or buy his workmen to continue when once the wheat is ripe. In the hospitals all the patients want to get well by wheat-pulling time. Some must stay on, but many a one, incapacitated in hand or foot for real work, goes home to take his or her place in "watching the gate," that all the rest of the family may go to the field and threshing floor. Mercury Kills Germs. Mercury is the destroyer of germ diseases in plants brought out in the Tyrol by F. X. Bickel. The vapor may be used in the greenhouses, but in the open air the metal in the usual liquid form is injected into the cir culating fluids of the plants being treated. In trees, several eight-inch holes are bored through the pith in the lower branches, filled with mer cury and sealed with wax-a six teenth to a fourth of an ounce of mer cury being used for each tree. The germicide effect is said to continue at least a year, and growth is not re tarded. Bear's History Traced. Studies made at the American Mu seum of Natural History show that the so-called blue or glacier bear, formerly classed as a distinct species under the name of Ursus Emmonsi, and con fined to a limited region near St. Elias range in Alaska, is only a color phase of the black bear (Ursus Americanus). The black bear has a number of other well-mated color phases, some of them very local. Thus the white bear, form erly called Ursus Kermodel, is ap parently one of these variants; while the cinnamon bear is a well-known color phase of the same species. --------- - All for the Moment. A man was walking along the street, ind he saw a house on are. He rushed across the way and rang the bell. Alter some time a lady, who proved to be slightly deaf, appeared at the door. 'Madam, your house is on fire." "What lid you say?" The man began dancing ap and down. He pointed above. . said your house is afire! Flames burst. ing out! No time to lose!" "Wht lid you say?" "House afire! Quick!" The lady smiled. "Is that all?" she said sweetly. "WelL" replied the man hopelessly, ":.hat's all I think of just now."