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PAY IT NOW. Pay your Poll Tax before December 31st 1915, or you will be unable to vote for two y
The Caldwell Watchr.
VOL. 30 COLUMBIA, LOUISIANA, FRIDAY, DEC. 24, 1915
Karl Treen, Director
This is Planting Time!
What abhut that cover crop you
were going to plant this fall or
winter? You have time yet. Do
it before Chriitmas, so ,oi will
have it off your min!] and where
it will be growing. Teams and
man have to eat 365 days a year.
Fences and building have to be
kept in repair, taxes to be paid.
Why not have two crops a year
instead of one? We can double
our profits. The winter crop is
easier made than the summer
crop. Besides, it has the follow
By cover crop is meant a crop
that is put on land to (A) pro
tect the land from washing, (R)
and leaching and to (C) furnish
grasing and a (D) crop to turn
under next spring, or harvest.
An erosion is the gullying of
the land by the winter rainfal!s
rushing down the hillsides. It
takes our rich dirt to the brier
patch or creek at the foot of the
hill and leaves us ditches and
barren clay. Thousands of acres
are ruined annually in this way.
A cubic mile of this rich soil is
deposited in the Gulf of Mexico
by the Mississippi River every
year. Where is yours going?
This less may be prevented by
(1) fall plowing, (2) terracing,
(3) by a cover crop. (1) When
the land has been fall plowed
and the heavy winter rains come,
the land takes up the great vol
ume of water and lets it drain out
gradually for several days so
there is not so much distructive
surface water. (2) Terraces are
hillside levees to carry the
water around the hill and down
gradually. They should be wide
and laid off by a large A made
of 2x4 lumber, 10 feet between
the two bottom points. A car
penter's level may be stationed
on the cross-bar, adjusted so the
frome may be end-for ended
and be perfectly level. Then one
end may be lifted one inch by
nailing a block under one foot,
to give the water a one inch fall
in 10 feet. (3) Oats, rye, wheat
or clover will fasten its roots in
the soil and prevent it washing.
(B) Plant food is gradually be
coming disolved from the earth,
or being set from decaying plants
or trash or manure on or in the
land. The winter floods take
this into soluti, l I. lea(ch or
drain it out andi take it away
down to the rich ihl::ckl, errv hol
low", un!ess there ia gro'Vwing
crop on the larl d t<L. 'iP this
available piant f:;(, a~ wou\'
take this up andi c'n., e in, ire to.
become available; cl.jVe'r ould
save the leachable p!a:;r, food! 'and
take more from the air- a dou
ble benefit to the soil.
C. Crazing the cover crop is
good for it and for th- ;',imtnal.
Grazing oats and !vhleat will Ire
vent bursting from ireezing in
in early spring or after" any
warm spell in \vilite:" wlhen the
cereals are "boo.ing" up. We
should be careful not to graze in
wet weather because of damage
by packing of stand.
Did you ever notlhe the differ
ence in the egg yield when the
hens were turned to the young
oats; the increased yield of milk
and butter from a cow: the new
and sleek coat on the horse graz
ing oats? It tones ; p their sys
tem. It is nourishing and a lax
ative. Try it in the dead of this
winter for your stock.
D If the land is needed for
some early crop, the cover crop
may very profitably be turned
under as it will have served the
above purpose and now become
humus, which helps the soil hold
water during summer, and gives
off plant food to the growing
crop. Or if corn, sweet potatoes,
peanuts beans or ,'-'s are to fol
low, the oats i ..:ature. We
should not folio ,' oats with corn
unless the land is fertile and
Companion ccops. Two crops
grown togethe:, like oats and
clover, are co npanion crops.
They help eac., other to grow,
and the feed p:oduced is better,
also the land is enriched. The
vetch plant which is a 1- .une
(bears its seed in a pod) enrich
es the soil thereby benefiting the
oat.crop, for which the oat plant
repays the kindness by lending
its stalk for tl.e vetch to climb
upon. It is ge'.ting late for the
clovers. Crims. n :nd blue clov
er are the best here; hairy or
winter vetch is good. These seed
should be innoculated before
planting. This innoculating ma
terial may be had free by apply
ing to United States D;partment
of Agriculture, Washington,
D. C., with full directions on bot
Lespedeza seed may be sown
on the growing oats in February
without harrowing in. It makes
a good meadow after oats are
Date, Depth, Amount.
This late is none too late for
oats. But plant deep, 2 to 4 inches
on account of danger of ft e :,ng
if shallower. You may sn.; and
plow under or plow an] disk in.
The later you sow, the more
seed is required to get as good a
stand as if sown earlier, because
the late oats do not have as long
to branch, sucker or "stool" out.
For first of September one bush
el; for each month later, add one
peck. The same general rule may
apply to depth, beginning in
September at one inch. Never
go over 2 inches depth in clay
Fall plowing. It is necessary
to fall plow if we are to reap the
forespoken of harvest, naturally.
And this would be amply com
pensating. But, by this same
operation, we get another bene
fit: We kill two birds with the
same stone: We are providing
for next year's crop. Fall break
ing destroys insects that are
hideing in the ground by expos
ing to frost; itdestroys boll wee
vils and other "boogers" that
are hideing in the pith of stalks
by turning under these stalks.
The stalkes turned under, decay
and give back to the. soil what
(Continued on page 2)
Going to "Dress Up"
If so, you will find just what you want at our
store, and at the right price3. We have a gift suitable
for "Hubby"; "Daddy"; "Sonnie"; "Buddle" and "Honey
Call and inspect our line if in town, or write and
tell us what you want, We have it. Don't wait.
Do it Now
Frenkle & Wolf
223 DeSiard St. Opposite Jackson.
Where QuAality Counts
We deliver free by Parcel Post.
Mark, 14, 3-9
%A N bring i ill i t il e I"t1r ~1 f 1 iitlillu thle Ieper,
a r r sat ait natrd. Ilrr reitnt a :tain Ianin tillt, i alatb
autrr box of uitttniettt of qikrvuark, t-ryr priodu; alub shee
brake thte box aiu pwurrt it ii lab.
t tere wr oe r that 1--thi in taitnation Uithit n
utlysirluora i, jnd autj. I1i tt!i mai u lia i waltr of t1le itul
for it milht lyaur t rett al t1 f:r thrr'ee Iyu,tr prVure
ant hMaur been giuitt io tlh l poor. .tj, tlyl tturtiiurrI a
Atnh 3InIus ail, ift Ietr aliu:r; ulgl rnublr o er her?
slub lyatb wruoglt a goatuib urk oulule..
Nror t hane the poor utitl! y;ti, luuai;t, ala lb utt alrtlu
reper ie will i;r tay e t!roni pub:i; b:It me pr latirue not a
*lyr lyatli boue wtlyat o1!e roul?: Wlie i rmte aforte
liad to anoint my bojby to tio le burfi;.
aor sant unutuo you, Wier oeururr
thllis gospel shalll be preathei thlrouglhoult
t lt thllte mworli, t!i t1ti >l e rhatl! houe
shalll be 1 poku n of for a mtmonrial of er,
Christmas comes but once a
year, but we can kee) the
Christmas spirit throughout
the year if we will.
toys and filigree
and brilliant gew.
gaws deftly hung
that catch the eye of
old and yuilng. With
fairies bright and tinted
bids I call forth
glad enraptured; and
merry eyes will greet the
right when I am viewed by
can!dl1-light. Beneath my
boughs there lies a scene of
house and yard and village green;
with mimic railway running through
as railroads oft are wont to do. I did
alas, a Chaistmas tree! And this will be
the d-,ath for ,ae; ',r the Yuletide
season's vast, upo,:n t'hi. tsh-heap I'll
be c:st. ilow ,el ,vwil, I'm standing
here a hos of c iilr' I will cheer, and
cause their youthful c,'enks t, glowv, be
cause of One Child !on;: ago who camne
this waitig w.)ri, to bless and fill
ourheart< with hqap:ness. Aad
3s }I, , ...:c I'm
gl ad to be
By Bev. II. C. Micheel, D. D.
OUR PUE M
Pre ..,ra:lr d
problem, 'able to
our %HL, h are at
the very h :1, pble
and privea' * *
There is n s.: wel
fare of the :, , Lt of the
new day, . v.u of the
railroads \\ of
,Whln ; nport
ance of i. Le ril
roads, c: ,re upa
a careful study of the probi * & T.
railway company, when ask-lii to rail
roads investments, said in pI:
"It may be said that the :a lot of
phantoms which exist only i:. because
there have been a few so-cal!eýi B, oured
prominently In finance, many railroads
of the country are largely o- r. of fact
nothing could be farther fron. ,f twenty
billion dollars of American rai! : i now.
or ever has been, in the hands . ntly la
the newspaper headlines-whi. .3 :. of over
two million investors, large an,• '.,'. , put the
modest savings of a lifetime ir : .ey might
lay away a competency for !,!e lf these
securities is depressed or pere,. a hundred
told greater upon thousands of .. ; uidful of
millionaires, good or bad, w, . , cireles.
Hundreds of millions of d,!, 'lie and Ire
Insurance companies, savings .' a 1 fiduelarv
Institutions are invested in rai;. rore. that
the soundness of these boud, - o! ldity el
these myriad institutions-dire .:f policy
holders and bank depositor--- as-t several
years, many millions of dolla !'ave bees
charged off the books of con,.- Amerleaa
railroads have become a vital ,f the nation.
Their continued eficiency is b ..t conmmnunity
In the land.
In blindly striking at the rai' rl.' upon them
sands who have committed no n -.1 ,upon ourselves.
We should remember how inter,' - b , in this mighty
republic of ours-that each is i :r. his brother's
keeper, and that we need to act ; , in w:r mistaken
seal we destroy those who, l:; ,f this world's
goods the toll and sweat of ycar.
Every Woma ; Child
Monroe F.. Co.
Cc:'aini: , now is
the r:'ig time to start il
Now: :,:: have a j:
well c .ctel st:cl:
wv."ich t mlie 3Cyour .
\h te ,' it he a n.
piece ov the 'urnis! i -s _
a smi. rooº1, or the e,,
house. au are sure , to 1l
just iht IS Wvnted li "
immene stock, and a.:i
at a material saving "
Our four floors are n ,' ,1odrn fur
nishings, which we have - e from the fac.
tories of the entire Country. r, tlatives will
certainly be pleased with " m from our
store, and best of all-furni. h not gone
with the season, but remai .i the years
Let us help you with . it NOW.
Monroe Furni .iansy Lt'd
Freight Paid on: $1.j0
We are sole Ager" ,. .:c:d Columbia
Grafanola. There sh'. :-'ry Home on
Christmas Morning. W,