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3 and bhrub
Their Care and c ultivation.'
." ~: . :.
Light Pink Roses.
FALL PLANTING OF ROSES
By PRISCILLA PAKE.
Fall planting of roses may be done
in the latter part of October or early
In November, or even as late as the
middle of December, with excellent re
Roses planted in the fall, however,
should be set deep and banked well
with earth just before the ground
freezes. It is also well to cover the
soil about the plants with manure,
which should not be removed until the
middle of April, or until all danger
from a severe frost is over, whereupon
this dressing may be forked under.
When the rose plants are received
from the nurseryman they should be
unpacked as soon as they come to
hand. Thereupon the tops and roots
should be well sprinkled with water,
atfer which they should be covered
-. wi th. baggingand placeina a shaded
spot until ready to plant.
If the ground is not prepared when
the plants arrive, it is advisable to put
them in a shallow trench and cover the
roots with loose soil until the ground
can be put into a froper condition.
The enrichment of the soil, however,
should not only be made at the time of
the preparation of the bed before plant
ing, but in the spring of every year,
for with such attention a bountiful
supply of flowers may be expected
When planting, spread the roots out
carefully and do not cross them or
crowd them. They should be placed
well below the surface of the soil and
arranged, as far as possible, in their
When the roots are covered the
earth should be firmly pressed down
upon them, particularly around the
stem. If manure' is put in the bottom
of the hole it should not be allowed to
me in contact with the roots.
After planting, the roses should be
ell cut back to a few buds, freely wa
tered and protected for a few days if
the sun is strong. After that they will
have become thoroughly established.
If the ground is wet when the plants
:tre received it is better to postpone
the planting, as the soil is liable to
become baked and the safety of the
plants may be thus endangered.
During a dry season the rose re
quires plenty of water, and frequently
soaking the bed with liquid manure
will be beneficial. The moisture may
also be conserved by abundant cultiva
In the winter the roses should be
protected with a good mulch, which is
best done by covering the roots in De
cember with coarse litter, or leaves, to
about six inches in depth, or they may
be covered with evergreen boughs or
But if the exposure is very great it
is advisable to lay the plants down and
cover them with earth, putting them to
sleep, as it were, on the bosom of
CLEMATIS A GOOD VINE
Clematis, panniculata, is one of our
most popular vines. It seems entire
ly free from disease and is unusually
hardy. Its foliage is attractive and
its small white blossoms which com
pletely cover the vine make a gloriou
spectacle over porches and pergolas.
One of its chief attractions is that
it does not come into bloom until
after all the other vines are faded and
yellow. It is a rapid grower.
Clematis must be planted in a soil
of good loam, well drained. Give it
protection of leaves in the winter.
THE WILD GRAPE VINE
To me the wild grape vine produces
the sweetest odor of any plant in ex
istence. The wild grape is a hardy
vine, growing with scarcely any at
It can be made to cover a side fence
as a dense hedge, or trained over trel
lis or up shade trees.
Young plants may be secured in al
most any wood or along bushy fence
They are transplanted in late fall or
3 winter.--E. V. B.
The New Preesia-It Is Cream White and Is Shown Here With Maidenhair
Fern in Ean tched Glass Vase.
THE BANDIT BARD.
Then up) and away!
I:re the break of the day
We'll fly, quickly fly to our hiding,
And there we will rest
Till the sun in the West
Has given the signal for riding.
Joseph Thompson Hare.
.To'eph Thompson Ilare might have
distinguished himself i. any one of
half a (lozen honorable plr(ofessious,
for he had many of the qualities
which command success, but he was
afllicredl with indulgent parents. who
permitted him to run wild in his youth.
Of a ronmantic temperament, he was
fond of reading books of adventure,
and the books to wfich he had access
were not of the character-building
kind. Among them were various
chronicles in which the celebrated
British highwaymen were exploited as
heroes and Joseph grew up with a
"There Are Thieves on Board All These Boats, and They Are Looking
for Such Men as You."
great desire to emulate Turpin, Shep
herd, and the rest of them.
He was born in Chester county,
Pennsylvania, in 1780, and was the,
first great American highwayman, as
he probably was the most admirable.
He was more like Robin Hood than 1
any gentlemen of the road of whom 1
there is record, for he was brave, chiv
alrous and generous, and if he stole
from the opulent with one hand, he
gave to the needy with the other. One
cannot read his history without de
ploring the fact that he took the left
hand trail when a lad; had he taken
the other, his bust might now be in
the Hall of Fame.
His first exploit was "pulled off"
when he was a schoolboy. He had a
number of cronies of his own age who
had grown up on bandit literature,
and they were all eager for action.
Hare proposed that they rob an old
miserly farmer who lived in the neigh
borhood, and the boys agreed. One
night they went to the farmer's resi
dence, intent on pillage and found
him seated on the front porch, in his
nightrail, the heat having driven him
from the house. The boys waited for
hours, hoping the old man would go
to bed, but he sat there as though
waiting for the end of the world. The
other boys experienced a chill in their
feet, and wanted to go home; but Bare
said he had come forth to rob, and
was going to rob. So he stole quietly
to the porch, and found the farmer
was asleep. Then he entered the
house and rummaged around until he
had found $500, when he rejoined his
All his exploits were characterized
by a similar daring. Ap a young man
he went to New Orleans to seek his
fortune. Upon landing there, in his
backwoods raiment, he was ridiculed
by a group of toughs. Hare walked
up to the biggest of the rowdies and
struck him In the face. Then there
was a fight that was talked about in
New Orleans for years. The big rowdy
was Bill Marshall, a celebrated pugil
ist of the time. He was forty pounds
larger than Hare, but the country boy
whipped him to a frazzle. Then a pub
lic ptght according to ring rules was
arranged for and a tremendous crowd
witnessed the conflict. Hare again
whipped Marshall, and retired from
the ring with a comfortable roll of
Throughout his career he referred
his fists to firearms. Often Ie wopld
depend upon nature's weapons when
his life or libeuty was at stake, and
when he had deadly weapons in his
helt. On one occasion he was nar
rounded in a tavern by five offieers,
heavily armed, who were bent upon
capturing him, and he whilpad the
whole five with his fists anmd se'alied.
The authentic stories of his exl.loits
would fill a large volume!. 11e souim
ti ines had bands of follo ,,ers. and
sollet.illles ;he operated alone, amid he
hatd pIhenomenal luck.
There was nothing haliz r, l aiout
his mnethods. lie laid his Illuas like t
general, and followed th.n upi. II,.
had his scouts and spies, and receivedl
accurate infcrmation whlir wvaltlhy
travelers were about to set forth on
pilgrimages. Then he wuhil a:bhush
ther and relieve the!!, of thlir vlat
uahbles with an oli-schooll cou,,rtes%
that must have been highly gratifying
to the victims. His operations InI,,
ered a wide territory, anid he mni\'vet
so quickly and mysteriously flhit it
was almost itnpossible t) hl0alte himi.
It was chalracteristic of this singiu
lar man that after every rot,biry Ih,
was overwhelne'J with retnmrse. II,
would repalir to somle sclhlmed spot
and sit in sackcloth anrld sIa-., :rin!
write poetry full of hiarthrrak: anal
his poetry, considering his rwl.er e.<
ncation, is surlprisingly gol. Severr:l
of his poemris ha:,ve b h lr' ireSrvel.
anld they are nlelouliuils nil sw\,et.
There is not a dliscordailnt line- in any
Timhne and again he mali- up his
mind to labandon his \isw'i: d c',ourIss
and lead ia quiet and retautallel life,
but somrething always imt .rfer,.d. U'l,,,
one occasion. after makll;jrg if hauIl of
$5.(il- -which was a fortunell inl tIhose
days--he traveled hack to the s''nts
of hirs boyhood, intIeit ui;oiln btyrinirg :a
farm upon which he tid workl -1 ;is a
child. lie had hemard that thIe "'t:ie
was for sale, and he was detc.irtti I
to own It, and settle down and li\tve
happy ever after. But when e l p
proached the farmhouse a savage dog
sprang at him from behind some
hushes. and chased him all over the
place, and hit a sample out of his per
son, and he was so mI:d an d disgusted
t lhat he left the neighhorhood at once.
and resumed his old tricks.
Another time. heing well loadedl
with money and remorse, he decided i
to go to Baltimore and become a mer
chant prince. He made part of the
journey on a steamboat, and was i
greatly annoyed by an opulent drover.
who persisted in flashing a big roll of
bills, and boasting of his wealth. Be
ing full of virtue, Hare took the drov
er aside and advised him to conceal C
his money and do less talking. "There
are thieves on board all of these
boats," said Hare. "and they are look
ing for such men as you." The drover
didn't take the advice in good part.
He boasted that he was able to take
care of himself, and he'd like to see
that thief who could despoil him. Here- n
upon Hare lost all patience with him, ij
and robbed him of $400, and left the a
boat. He was pursued and captured ti
and served eight years in the peniten- a
tiary for this little joke. a
For many years he pursued his v
course with comparatively few re- t
verses; and the reverses usually came
to him because he would not use fire- o
arms in self-defense. He might have a
escaped capture on several occasions n
had he been willing to shoot. When- t:
ever he was in custody Hare preached i
to his fellow prisoners a good deal, t
trying to impress upon them the fact
that the most unprofitable thing in the a
world is a life of crime. "The lot of t
the meanest laborer in the land," said c
he, "is a thousand times more enviable a
than that of the most successful crim- i
Returning to his native state after
seventeen years of wandering and pil
lage, Hare was greatly distressed to
find that his younger brother had
adopted a career of crime, and was
the associate of thieves and gamblers.
This hurt him more than any incident i
of his career. With tears on his cheeks
he implored and entreated the young
i man to reform and be good, but in
vain. The youth had no use for the
e path of virtue.
"If you must be a criminal, then,"
y said Joseph, "come with me, so I can
watch over and protect you." Joseph
s had planned to rob the mails, so he
y could get enough money to settle down
S-he always was going to settle down.
s His brother, with other robbers, ac
I companied him on this errand. They
1 robbed the coach, but' were arrested
a at Baltimore a few days later. The
f young man drew ten years, and Jo
seph was sentenced to death. He was
d executed in September, 1818, and his
d last days were given over to the writ
a ing of poetry and the utterance of
d moral homilies. He was probably the
$ only, great robber whose hands had
r never been stained with human blood.
USE SIRES OF ONE MERITORIOUS BREED
Steers Which Won First Prize at International Show.
'I'he i\ritrIr h1t5 tkorw\\i' a nulb'r of il'
stok"f hear, vmir . antli t1 'lnl tllded
!lvin g sh,,r'ther'In Iblo f ir a 4.nrhio of
(Iuttit!l i" a Silt, I I" uther," breed.
Is:l tin 1 ass l, to, r llirst is ,l n sftl
tiry, but the iAlt'r (fl'SMt aiet' lh,.ess
rilittrtlh :itn in a Il f, z er'e Iltlge of
It toakes years th gralde ulp a herd,
nti \Wiheln thi is diit by the (lltinu
(tl tite it egit' r I'['i .ires of a iny llbreedt'l
the I'esunlttis satiW t n Stel'y impr(ove
Ieitt. .Ullitin the sir"'st sed t ar el
of hiigher standin ardl than the fr unda
ti(n e' ales. Aftelr ai few Sutlh crosses
are intitde, the herd htetotines for aill
I l-li J "( pil" 4 i -es t t UIsUll as t fUll
1,1ha l lw -.'I: IIft \\ 1 la 11 1' "'o ' ( I f an
1tl1'r Ir,'tI is i ntr u 4 ,'sli , further im
prl vem\ t l eir' lt'.s al'ertll alit. It op
I,,es an ,est:li.hed law of heredity
:l'i thlat lr'dt'er is Iitionti ' l tO dlisap
,iitat'lt whlo runs counter to this
It is utfortuimatete that this practice
hIl`s I)"II ll1Ir 4 r lt-s flri'iienlt. Yet,
'exlinl'eie tllelhle's lhtt the' hereeder of
rl;le li' h'i h4 i ex\\ iets ttieo mIIke plrog
r'-s hit:s oely, ole' practical curse open
:!rM that is the use of sires of one
tree'd ald of iti'ritorious an;cestry and
individuality. lRenmarktable results have
bee, oltaited in the British isles
winhre many higyh- grade herds of Short
hor'us are maintainedl both for dairy
anld beef purpossl that comlpare fa
vorably in indiviIdual excellence with
hie st:lndtard of th rel.gistered herds.
T"lis leas btht'etl accomplished by the
carteful ianli continuous sllection of
Shorthorn sires and the gradual elim
ination of the undesirable blood.
WHY GROW SHEEP?
They will thrive and do well
on the rough hillsides, better
than any other of our farm ani
They are the cheapest means
of eradicating weeds on the
They are more economical to
feed than any other farm ani
They do not require much la
bor and bring good returns.
They add fertility to the farm,
acting as nature's manure
The prospect of the foreign
demand for sheep and wool
caused by the European situa
tion will make the business even
PUBLIC TROUGH IS
MENACE TO HORSES
Quite Certain That This Is Most
Common Means of Spreading
Disease to Animals.
(By H. S. EAKINS. Colorado Agricul
tural Station. Fort Collins. Colo.)
The public watering trough is a
nuisance that should be abolished. It
is easy to comprehend the necessity
which compels the doing away with
the public roller-towel, the bar of soap
and public drinking cup and the same
arguments for abolishing the public
watering trough are applicable, save
that they apply to horse and not man.
It is common knowledge that some
of the worst diseases of horses, such
as glanders and strangles, are trans
mitted in this way. Some of the
transportation companies place notices
in their establishments to the effect
that teamsters are not to water at
public watering troughs, under pen
alty of dismissal. It is quite certain
that this is the most common means
of spreading strangles (distemper)
antng horses and the public water
ing trough should be legally abolished.
ARGUMENT FOR LIVE
STOCK AND ALFALFA
Contained in the Farm Survey
Made by the Wisconsin Ex
A strong argument for live stock
and alfalfa is contained in the farm
profit survey made by the Wisconsin
It brought out that 44 farmers, who
were keeping double the number of
live stock and twice the average acre
age of alfalfa were making practically
double the profits of the average farm.
The growing and feeding of alfalfa
is increasing in popularity throughout
the United States every year . The
crop can he grown profitably when the
sgil Is well drained, a firm seedhed
prepared, the soil sweetened with lime,
when necessary, and fertilizers and
manures used to give the crop a quick
start and enable it to make a strong
FEED SPRING PIGS
GOOD FORAGE CROPS
Make Five Times Greater Profit
Than Those Fed in Dry Lots
(By R. A. GATEWOOD. Kansas Experi
Spring pigs fed on good forage crops
will make five times as much profit
as those fed on dry lots.
The cost of 100 pounds of gain on
young pigs with corn at 50 cents a
bushel and such forage crops as al
falfa, rape and clover, runs from $2.86
to $3.96; with older hogs from $4.23
The accredited gain in pork to an
acre of forage varies, depending upon
the crop, age of the hog and the
amount of grain fed. An acre of sweet
clover with corn at 50 cents and hogs
at $5 a hundred pounds netted $52.07;
rape, $37.50; alfalfa, $65.90, and a
combination of oats, peas and rape,
Of all forage crops, alfalfa is the
great permanent crop, while rape is
the emergency crop, and green rye the
fall and early spring crop. The ideal
forage crop should show adaptability
to soil and climate, permanency, pala
tability, reasonable cost of planting
and good pasture at any time during
the growing season. Alfalfa, clover
and rape have most of these qualities.
There is no better opportunity for the
Kansas farmer to make cheap pork
production than by fattening spring
pigs on forage crops.
SIMPLE METHOD OF
Ordinary Furniture Glue Has
Been Found Effective by Coun
ty Agents in Illinois.
Coating the seed of legumes with In
oculated soil before planting is a sim
pie method of insuring soil inocula
tion at slight cost. Coynty agents in
Illinois have found ordinary furniture
glue effective in holding particles of
inoculated soil to the seeds. This
method gives each individual seed
some of the particles of Inoculated soil
which it carries with it when it is
planted. The scheme requires but a
small amount of inoculated soil and
costs but a few cents an acre. The
method is described in Farmers' Bul
letin 704 of the United States depart
ment of agriculture.
Dissolve two handfuls of furniture
glue for every gallon of boiling water
and allow the solution to cool. Put
the seed in a washtub and then sprin
kle enough of the solution on
the seed to moisten, but not to wet
it (one quart per bushel is sqfilelent)
and stir the mixture thoroughly until
all the seed are moistened.
Secure the inoculated soil from a
plnce where the same kind of plants
as the seed are growing. making sure
thl:)the roots have a vigorous develop.
nment of nodules. Dry the soil in
the shade, prefter:ahly in the barn or
basemlent, and pulverize it thoroughly
into a dunst. Scatter this dust over the
moistened(l seed. mixing thoroughly un
til the seed no longer sticks together,