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The Banner-Democrat. (Lake Providence, East Carroll Parish, La.) 1892-current, May 29, 1897, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064237/1897-05-29/ed-1/seq-1/

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" . -- -' n 9
Brian saw Margaret returning, and
iutting down the book he had been try
ing to read, he wont into the hall to
meet her. Repressing her nervousness
at his unexpected appearance, she
paused as- he came up to her with the
"You have been Fo long, Margaret.
Did you enjoy your visit so much? Why
didn't you let those people wait, and
give me just a little of your company.
I haven't much chance. I am going
away to-morrow."
"To-morrow?" She grasped her raised
skirt moro tightly, but no further com
ment escaped her lips.
STlking this for indifference, Brian
continued, after a brief pause: "I dare
say I shall never see you again. Of
course you will not regret that, but be
fore I go, I shou'd like to kintw that you
forgive me. If you only knew how I
shave suffered! If you could realize how
1I still suffer, you would be kinder. It
Is so hard to lose all, Margaret."
"Have I been so unkind? I am sorry.
,Have I not told you that I regret,
with a bitterness I cannot express, the
conditions which make me mistress
here? It there is any way- "
He interruptel her with passionate
reproach. "You do me injustie. Do
you suppose I was alluding to the
money? I hate the-very mention of it.
I leave it out of the question. I am
thinking of you."
She tapped her foot with her riding
whip, and despite the effort to control
her countenance, an incredulous ex
pression passed over it.
"You don't bel'c;e me," he cried
passionately. "Well, I deserve that at
your hands, but tru:h is truth. The
very sight of your kindness to others
maddens me. I see tow they are favored,
and I remember your hardness to me.
I envy the very children who speak to
you as you pass. They can be happy
without your lore. I cannot. You need
not look your dislike, I feel it. I am
destined to offend you so much since I
saw you in that place, where only my
evil fate led me, that I feel no sacrifice
could be too great for your sake."
"Isn't the sensation a novel one?" she
aiked, steeled to hardness by some in
ward remembrance. "I believe we
agreed to leave me out of the question."
Brian ground his heel with an ex
clamation of impatience. "It is useless
to hope," he answerel b'tterly. "You
will neier frget. Hate me if you will,
but do not sh·'w such contemptuous in
"It is not charitable to hate, and for
gotfulness does not come so 4 asily as we
might wish."
"No," he replied, stung to roeoinder.
"I have something to remember, too."
She paled perceptibly.
"Yo'i are generous," waq her passion
ate an4wer. "Now perhaps you will
allow me to pays."
"Ah, no! Margaret, not yet. I can''t
see you go fro n me so. Fergive me for
what I just said. I meant nothing. I
spend half my time in regretting what
has gone before. I cannot stand your
anger. Why is+ all lth gentleness in
your nature tinned against me onlyc"
"I do nof know," site answered, half
absently, while her face softened visi
bly. "lHave you anything to ask me?"
"Nothing that you will grant; unless,
perhaps, it Is permission to ride with
you to-morrow. Will you allow me that
"I ride early," she answered with heel
tation, "but if you care to forego your
morning nap I have no objection."
"Thank you. You will see how glad
ly I'll forego that morning nalp."
"I really didn't expect to see you,
Margaret confessed, when they were
both in the saddle next morning. "I
"How could you doubt me?" he inter
rupted, with somne reproach. "I amonly
too happy to take audvantage of this last
chance to spend a little while with you.
I'll-oon be out of your life entirely. I
find it hard to t:'ar myself away.".
He sighed. His r-igh was echoed
close beside him, but Margaret's face
was impenetrable.
"What a glorious morning," she re
marked rather lrrel'vantly. "We shall
have a delightful ride."
"Are you so fond of riding," he asked,
noting her high color and flashing eyes.
"Passi nately. I f, el so light-hearted
when I am in the saddle. An hour like
this is particularly inspiriting. I love
the coolness and the restful quiet, and I
love the fresh morning air."
"You love the night air, too."
Her face gushed at the words.
"I suppose you heard me in n the gar
den last night?" she said, bending lier
head with the Fpetext of untangling her
horso's mane. "The night was perfect.
and I couldn't withstand the tempta
tion. I hopo you will not speak of it
to Miss Hilton. She may begin to
worry her do tsr head about me, when
really I was only nervous and wake
ful. ".
"And you adolptcd that plan for woo
aing sleep? Couldn't you have found a
more prundcnt antd more eff4etual
"I hate prudence," she.broke in, with
a susicion of impatience; "in fsact I
revel in ipjprudence,"
"I've had ample proof of that," was
his tranquil reply. "Why didn't you let
me play Esculap:us, if only to vindicate
my diploma, you know?
"The ides didn't suggest itself to me,
and I don'elieve I'ctd' care to be ex
Ilmrln, . anyway. A .diploma
Istot guas e (f ability, you know"'
- bio oney ac*o"chuse you of klsiLqg the
blarney ston ,'' he returned, rather
grimly. "SBometimes I begln to her
you are 'truthttl."
"N o one can 4 it. Thor Is The
Cedase Q oI . 06l1.
igrh to a grshetOPPd Id l mo sd
It' l'a me
, . a.
inu that direct:on, however. He's a
friend of yours, I am sure."
"Why are you sure?"
"Because no one can help being. You
have the faculty of making everybody
love you, and old men are no more proof
against it than young ones. It has
proved unfortunate in my case, but he
of course, is more favored. I'll begin
to wish myself old presently.
."' Thou shouldst njt have been old
before thou hadst been wise!' You
should take that saying to heart. As to
the Colonel, he has won his r;ght to my
respect and esteem. He has been my
most helpful friend in times when I most
needed help. He is quick-tempered, to
be sure, and expresses his opinion with
out scruple, but I.know him to be up
right, honorable, and true as steel. I'd
I trust him forever."
"He has a stanch champion. I wish
you had half as good an opinion of me.
Speaking of his temeer, he and grand
father never agreed.
"I should think not," was the warm
reply. "A warm:hearted, generous man
like the Colonel could never admire the
hard, cold man your grandfather was.
I wonder he could breathe the same at
mosphere with him."
"He was your grandfather, too," re
marked Brian, rather meekly.
"I don't care to acknowledge the rela
tionship. Please don't speak of him. I
commit sin whenever his name is men
tioned, and .that necessitates after pen
ance. Talk of something more agreea
"With all my heart. I was never in
love with him myself. He was forever
quoting that abominable saying, which
I don't believe was in the Bible, 'Spare !
the rod and spoil the child,' for my espe
cial benefit."
"Well, I dare say he had reason," was
the ready response, accompanied.by a
flash of humor so lile the old Margaret
that he began to imagine himself in
S'conset again. "You haven't a like
objection to Colonel Barton, have you?
Tell me why yeou are not a favorite with
"I don't know. Perhaps I imagine it.
1 I dare say he doesn't consider me half
so worthless as you do. Who would be
lieve that so fair a face could hide so
hard' a heart?
The tone, as much as his words, vexed
Margaret. Her eyes darkened and her
voice took on a sharper intonation.
"We will discuss neither my face nor
9 my heart, if you please." *
6 She gave her horse a sharp blow,
which sent him into a hard gallop.
Then, with the quick repentance which
always followed such outbursts, she
V pulled up quickly and waited for Brian
I to join her. This he did with an air of
a injured dignity.
"Don't look so dreadfully doleful,"
" she called out with an attempt at light
ness. "Really you give me the blues.
Are you hungry? I'm perfectly raven
Sonus. If we tide a little faster we'll be
honme in two minutes."
3 "I don't want to be home in two min
ut s. I wish this ride would last for
ever. No, of course you don't; you are
think;ng of your breakfast, but I- Oh,
Margaret, I wish yo.t wouldn't trifle
with my dearest feelings."
"And Iwish you hadn't such a queer way
of c ming in with unexpected remarks.
You haven't the least idea of the fitness
of things. I'm hungry, and I'm going
home just as fast as this horse will
carry me."
With these somewhat defiant words
she galloped off, and Brian, to give a
more forcible expression to his sense of
injury, followed at a snail's pace.
When he arrived at Elmwood he found
t Margaret divested of her riding habit
r awaiting him in the dining-room. He
pretended" not to see th smile with
which she greeted him, and during
breakfast he maintained a. moody si
a lence, which awakened in Margaret a
half-grave, half-amused interest,
"A thorough baby," she commented,
leav ng the table when the meal was
over and going in*o the garden, ap
parently to look at her flowers, in reali
ty to be alone with her thoughts.
She walked for an hour in the fresh
f ower-seented air, and when she re
- turned to the house her nervous rest
r lessness was so marked that Miss Hil
ton was both surprised and pained, but
- she wi3cly forbore remark. Even when,
a short time before luncheon, Margaret
stole up behind her chair, and, placing
e her arms about her neck. said, rather
qI uerulously, "I am so tired of the ortho
dox way of eating, Miss Hilton. Shall
we have our lunch under the trees?" she
Y contented herself with answering:
~"Do as you llke, my dear. I think it
* will be very nice, and appetizing. "
S "And a change," added Margaret.
i "How 1 do want a change. A horrid dis
position to have, is it no:? Never to be
e satisfied. I don't know how you put up
wI ith me, when I find it so dimicult to put
up with myself."
I "Sit down, my dear, and I will tell
you," was the quiet reply. .
', Some other tirnme," said Margaret,
quickly. "I hear Cousin Brian. He
d would prove an interrupt.ion. Beeldes,
e I mustsee to our picnic, you know."
She was gone when Brian entered the
rcom a second later.
He noted her absence, and his look of
;Tisappointment refected his feelings.
"I will send him to her presently,"
mused the old lady. calling him to sit
beside her.
it Margaret was standing in a veritable
shower of sunbeams, when Brian, act
n ing on Miss Hilton's hint, found her un
. der the trees.
"How perfectly charming," he eried,
gazing, not 'at the temptingly spread
a table, but at Margaret, whose lovely
1 face seemed to gain new beauty from
her surroundings. "What a delightful
e surprise you have prepared for us. I
I feel hungry and almost happy.
"You have a peculiar way of express
s ing yourself, Cousin Brian. Are hun
Sger and happiness associated in your
mind? I am glad you can laugh. Do!e
ful people give me the blues, and grim
looks are not in keeping with this bright
a "Neither is my heart, for thkt matter.
SI have so much to make me miserable.
o You, everything to mnake you happy."
,r "I," she echoed, with a slight tremor.
u "I make my own happiness.
"I don't know how you manage," he
Sreturned gloomily. "I never get phat'I
I. want." ,
Then why not be satisfed with what
. yofget? I iiL nu-h more phflosph6
nme to hear you. What has philosophy
tee do with misery? Are you 'always
happy? Do you never know the mean
ang of regret?" Cr
"I wish you'd be more careful," she
said with assumed anger.. You are
sitting orrthe end of the table cloth, and
I shouldn't be surprised to see every rh
+ dish in your lap next. I wonder why
men are s) awkward."
"And I wonder why you are so heart
" less. Your mind is taken up with table
r cloths, while I-- Oh, Margaret, how
f you hurt me!"
3 Annoyed at the drift of the conversa
tion, Margaret made no pretense of an
t swering, but kept her eyes fixed upon
the house in the hope of Miss Hilton's
I appearance. Noting her indifference, pry
i Brian continued in the same passionate an
strain. An
"Why ale you so bitter and scornfui? hrj
SWhy do you delight in toituring me7? q
t Have you no heart? You can not real
ize my longing, and you will never sym- th
- pathize with me. I am tired of being
- spurned and despised. I have some hee
I pride, and I'll not stay another night in
under your roof. I'll go this afternoon; me
s then you'll be ril of me." For
"And if I don't wish to be rid of you go
so soon?" she questioned with an effort. for
"You told me you would stay until to
n morrow, and I hope you will keep your poe
a word. Besides, I wish- " She hesi- 3rE
' tated. "I wish to talk with you," she Lar
; concluded with anothei effort. "I shall
- be in the library at 3, or hall past. Will cal
you come to me there?" bri
He looked at her in some surprise, the
but her eyes were turned aside and she sla
- was busying herself with some arrange
I ment about the table.
"Your request is law to me," he an
swered in a low voice. "I am always mE
- happy to do something for you." sel
"And I an always ready to appreciate me
your effort," was the quick reply. Fr
r She turned away with a sigh of re- mi
i lief. Miss Hilton had just left the dot
e house, and was approaching them, so
- there was no"further excuse for a tete
a-tote. bit
s At 3 o'clock the same afternoon Brian ne
a entered the library to find Margaret ye
t seated at a table drawn close to an open ehi
I window. of
o From her position she could see the be
wealth and beauty of Elmwood, spread of
h like a map before her Its acres of co
woodland, timbered by magnificent wi
; trees; its broad extent of orchard,
I clothed in a wilderness of bloom, and an
- its terraced garden sloping to the river,
, winding among the uplands, and reflect- til
ing sparkling vistas from a chain of esi
d.beautiful hills. of
r Further away lay a broad sweep of th
undulating land, with the village in the in
r foreground, and beyond many a neat
cottage, smart in its coat of paint, or
pretentious mansion, crowning a con- in
. venient eminence. Further still, the fo,
s1 moke curling from the quiet farms ly- it
e ing under the enchantment that distance mi
n lends. he
i From this picture Margaret turned hi
with a sigh, to encounter Brian's inquir- ha
lug glance. b
* "You are punctual," she said, with a
. half smile. "Will you set down, please?" th
- He took possession of the chair indi
e cated, noting meanwhile that her face mi
was unusually pale and her voice un- oa
naturally quiet. Wondering, yet expec- fea
- tant, he waited for her next words. fir
e "You intend leaving Elmwood to-mor- W
,row," she resumed, after a pause that
o had been embarrassing to both.
"Yes," was the answer, given with ke
y some warmth. "I do not wish to intrude fu
s. upon you longer. Icannot stay on from sh
is day to day, making myself more unwel- re
g come and incurring only your contempt. "i
II My sin is past atonement in your eyes. to
I can offer no excuse that will satisfy fo
: you. I have no hope loft, and to-mor- br
a row when I leave- "
if "Where will you go'" she broke in, bh
with a repressed earnestness upon her of
d face. mi
it "Where?" he repeated. "Heaven only in
a knows. To the devil, probably."
h She laid down the paper knife she had th
g been handling half absently, and re- Pr
garded him fixedly.
a "I hope you will do nothing so fool
ish," she said in a low voice. "It is not br
manly to give up in that way. I have tit
not called you in here to quarrel with ar
you, nor do I want to rake up old br
troubles; but I do want you to under- qr
stand that, while I acknowledge a cer- br
h i tain deception on my part in concealing g
my name.from you, I do not hold you
excused thereby. I had a reason for n
_ doing sb, a very wise reason, as things wl
t have since turned out. Had you known wl
SI was your cousin instead-" br
t "I could not have loved you better," th
g he broke in with impulsive earnestness. ea
"You must do me that much justice." h
SThe First Soup. f
S The exiles who took refuge in Lon- m
Sdon at the time of the French revo- te
lution met the poverty and the hard- bi
ships of their lot with much courage. it
- They never begged amd it was often DC
Sditfficult to induce them to accept the wi
Pt funds subscribel for their assistance. so
S The women did not accept the par- b
Stially worn and soiled clothing of b
wealthy and charitably inclined la- qm
, dies, as most wnmen of their condi- a
:e tion would be glad to do, but man- th
5 aged with the cheapest materials to at
dress neatly and tastefully.
Their necessities developed an in
Sventive spirit. The records of the g
London patent offtice at the.begininnng fit
Sof the eighteenth century have on
t every page such names as Blondeau, o
Dupin, Cardonel, Gastineau, Leblond, 5
and Couyant. How ingenious they wI
were in utilizing the most unpromis- 0o
le ing of materials is shown by their in- c
t- vehtion of a now famous dish. ta
- When the London butchqrs slaugh. ki
tered their beef they were abustomed as
to throw away the tails with the ref- bh
use. The French women had the :
m bright idea of buyin"g them, since b
Sthey could get them for next to noth
I ing, and making soup of them. And b
thus they gave to England the popl
" ular ox-tail soup, which loyal English
men now consider an essentially na te
Stional dish.-Youth's Companion.
m KIVEs should never be put into ho fe
t water, which injures them, first by loos is
ening the handles, and next by spoiling gi
r the temper of the steel. Wipe them flrs't
e. with a damp cloth, and then rub on a
smooth board which has been previouslJ
Srubbed with a scouring-brick or knife
'I Tu3 latest anvention for the saving 1 he
life at fres tis the *mergeney ~drees.' "
it t It s bkarei's dea,.d It @onists of a t4
d "iw' tnethitag like that used by sub- o
imariae ditrs,sib t much mote imple.
4/ °  -
The Great Bristle Market of the
World is St. Petersburg, Rius
sla-Squirrel Tails Sup
ply Camel's Hair.
O a very limited extent bristles
from the American hog are
utilized in tbo manufacture
of brushes, yet most of this
product of the swine is unsuitable
and must go to other uses. Because
American pork is superior, American
bristles are inferior. Improving the
quality of pork diminishes the quanti
ty of good bristles and slaughtering
the hogs while young prevents long
heavy bristles from being produced
in this country. The quality of do
mestic bristles is not so well adapted
for general purposes as those from
Russia and China, and this accounts
for the fact that every year a million
pounds and upward of (preign bristles
are imported, worth that many dol
'lhe bristles obtained from Ameri
can hogs ore used only in cheap, poor
brushes. The great bristle market of
the world is St. Petersburg, and Rus
sia is the largest bristle-produoing
country. Leipsic is second in impor
tance as a bristle market, although
many of the bristles sold there are
actually produceA in Russia, and are
made ready for sale in Germany.
From Russia and Germany the brush
manufacturer obtains all his supply of
long heavy bristles in the different
colors-white, bronze, gran and
black. France produces in quantity
next to Germany, but only white and
yellow colors, and those kinds only in
short and medium lengths, nearly all
of which are classed as soft stock,
being fine fiber. Within a few years
China and India have marketed in
considerable quantities black bristles
which formerly were known only in
an incidental way.
Brush making was a crude affair un
til American ingenuity became inter
ested in it. The first great inventor
of methods used in brush making in
this country was Beth Whiting, who
in 1807 was a brush manufacturer in
Medfield, Mass., and as early as dur
ing the War of 1812 obtained such a
foothold with dealers in Boston that
it has been impossible for English
manufacturers to ever regain their
hold on the American market. Since
his day, many other improvements
have been made, but methods invented
by him are still at the foundation of
the business.
To one who uses a paint brash it
may appear an easy thing to make
only a bunch of bristles held with a
ferrule and a handle attached. The
first process in making a brush is to
wash the bristles with soap and water,
next they are tied in small bundles to
keep straight while being drieJ. When
fully dry, the different colors and
shades are separated and they are
ready to have the different lengths
"dragged," so that they may be mixed
together again in the right proportion
for brushes. The proper kinds of
bristles to use in different kinds of
brushes is the most important feature
of the brush making, and various for
mulas must be followed faithfully, mix
ing the right kinds together.
No great change can be expected in
the cost of brasher for the reason that
prices of staple bristles do not change
much; and so long as the demand for
bristles is about the same as produc
tion, they will remain nearly station
ary, hence a great decline in prices of
bristle brushes must mean changes in
quality. There is no substitute for
bristles which does not in some way
impair the quality of the brush, the
nearest imitation being horse hair,
which has no elasticity. A substanice
which in appearance is very much like
bristles is tampico. It is the fiber of
the Mexican century plant leaf and is
easily made to appear like bristles; the
harsh ends made by cutting it into
lengths can be made as soft as the ends
of bristles, and by dyeing it can be
made the same colors. The simple
test of burning a little of the end of a
brush will discover it, if present, for
it burns like wood, while bristles do
not. Tampico costs very little and
wears out quickly. It is useful in
scrnb and cheap whitewash brushes,
but worthless in brushes intended to
be used by skilled workmen. Large
quantities ot brushes are made of it,
and perhaps some consumers buy them
thinking they are pure bristles, sb
nearly do they appear lik, bristle
In addition to bristle brushes, the
great friends of varnishers are camel,
fitch and badger hair brushes. Of
these three kinds, badger hair is the
only one which has the same name in
a brush that it has on the animal
which grows it. Camel hair grows
on the tails of Siberian squirrels, and
commercial fitch hair grows on the
tails of American skunks. All three
kinds of hair make excellent brushes,
and are subject to adulteration, pro
bably more than bristle brashes are;
with them, as with high grade bristle
brushes, the only safety to the con
sumer is to buy ths.e made by reputa
ble makers and plainly branded with
the maker's name. Ox hair, goat hair,
sable hair, etc., are used to some ex
tent, but by far the greater part f
the brushes used in the world are
made of bristles, and as they are per.
feetly adapted to so many purnoses, it
is fortunate they are plentiful and in
great variety.--New England Home
A Huamred liles ef ihellng. a
The finished portion of the net
Conreesional Library at Washington
has about forty-four miles of ahelving,
which will sooomodate overt 2,00,
000 voJumes. The ulth~lte.Apeeity
of -the" lin fc r b .rwil be
apward of ol 1 dO yolmesa ot
atsit ,lOua0" -.  % ....
A Palace of Silver.
Edward Rosewater, chief of the Bau
reau of Publicity and Promotion of the
Trans-Mississippi exposition, to be
held in Omaha from June to Novem
ber, 1898, acting for the exposition di
rectors,yesterday approved and accsoept
ed the plans of Architect S.S.Beman, of
Chicago, for a silver palace. This pal
ace i3 to be the most imposing feature
of the exposition and the centrai figure
in a portion of the grounds to be I
called El Dorado.
The building is to bp 400 square
feet, surrounded with mammoth orna
mental towers, and the entire struc
ture will be covered with rolled silver,
which will reflect the dazzling glories
of the rising and setting sun. The silver
to be used in ils external covering will
be contributed by the miners of the
great West. Over 300,000 square feet
of pxternal surface will be covered by
the precious metal.
It will arranged in the form of a
square, with open.arca les and loggias
at each story, similar to the Venetian
palace, The corners will be adorned
with octagonal towers, terminating
with spires and pinnaclescovered with
the shining metal.
The crowning glory of the palace
will be the central lantern, or spire,
which is octagonal in form, 250 feet
high and 150 feet in circumference.
The roof of the lantern will be of
glass.. Wide avenues will traverse the
ground floor, at the intersection of
which elevators will amseend to the roof.
The interior of the building will be de
voted to a perfect and practical exem
plilication of the uses of silver, from
the mine to its most in ricate and ar
tistic adaptation to the beautiful in
art and the indestructible in science.
The contributions of silver will be in
the nature of a loan, and when the ex
position is over the building will be
burned and the silver returned to the
original owners.
Already the public-spirited citizens
who are managing the exposition have
secured subscriptions to the amount
of $400,000, Congress will be asked
to appropriate half a million dollars
for the erection of a building for Gov
ernment exhibits and tie transporta
tion and proper arrangement of the
great fair.-Chicago Times-Rlrald.
Revolution In the Boot Trade.
"The wooden peg, as far as the cob
bler is concerned," said Uncle George
Wayman, an old-time shoe cobbler,
"has about played its part and will
never be heard of again. The steel
nail or tack has taken its place, and is
used exclusively by cobblers now, ex
cept in building a heel, where we can
ran in a few wooden pegs before we
put on the last top, which is nailed on
with steel nails. The wooden peg
makes a much easier wearing job, but,
as nearly all shoes are now factory
made and the welts put ta them are
very thin, they are not strong ehough
to hold the pegs so we can shave off
the ends. If we used the old style
shaver it would cut the welt to pieces.
Shoes are manufactured so cheap in
the past few years that people find it
cheaper to buy a new pair of shoes
than to have them cobbled to any great
extent. Time "was when shoes were
made so that they would wear out
three or four sets of heels and soles,
but that time has passed. It is rarely
these days that they will stand more
than one set of heels and soles. Few,
very few, 4ersons think of having
shoes made to order any more in com
parison to the large number in former
days. This ready-made shoe business
has bIeen steadily growing for the
past twenty years. As for boots, ex -
cept for a few old-fashioned persons
who will not change, they are seldom
made any more. Many is the hun.
dred pair of boots I have made for the
older residents of Georgetown and
Washington. But aU of my custo
mers of forty years ago are long since
dead. Why I am left over 1 do not
know, but I was taught and always
believed that God moved in a myste
rious way His wonders to peiform.
There was a time when 1 had a num
ber of customers who wore four pair
of boots in a year. I got from $10 to
$12 for each pair. I haven't made a
pair-of boots for over two years."
Washington Star.
The Human Brain and Anlhal Brala.n
The number, the extent, and the
significance of the resemblrncee and
peculiarities of the human brain con
stitute some of tie most 4illocult mor
phological problems Compare the
appearrance presented by the human
head out in two in the middle and that
of the head of a chimpanzee which ha
been prepared in the same manner.
Then compare the brain of a child at
birth, as seep from the side, with the
bramn of a young chimpanzee. Upon
comparison of these two aspeets of the
divided brains, the resemblanoes are
seen to lie very muckh more numerous
and significant than the differences.
Inideed, the 4ifferences are insignit
cant; the resemblances are startling.
Nobody has yet suneseeded in defining
what it is that constittes the human
brain as different from the brain ol
any other animal. We iay recognize
it. Any skilled anatomist would re
cognise the hunMLan from the animal
brain; but that s a very different
thing from formulating the differene,
and that is what we aim at. It is o
of the objects for the remainder of
life to-e able to say in.words w -
is that differentiates our brain
the brain of other animalqr-~ ena.
Semethinr New ia Bread, -
Another Importnt diseovery iltthat
of a naw grain, a mongrel plant de.
viloped from wheat and rye, whbieh is
insid to combine the most uleble
qualites of theem two grais e to he
Imuch more prodnelve. The Alap
made of this new grain is reprmesetek
to be of the most superior quality ai
to be mere natrittiona thai the best
wheat Bour. It is etspeted bet tI
new phat will provea meot llmparetva
teetor ia he prsduntioeeasitg_
...Bwld isan 8*iwhb -
I Brief HIsepy of Cftt e and l'" Ea Iy
lManiplile, t
the Lint Was First Picked From Seed,
Then Came the Gin and Splnning a
Jenny, and Afterwards the Modern
.---- - E
"Cotton is king!" Idon't know who
first said that, but it is a fact.` It is the
most useful and most important pro
duct in the world, and has the most
influence on its commerce. I was t
rumAinating about thij because of some
letters of inquiry that from time to
time I have received concerning co
ton. The last one from an old friend, E
Colonel Saxon, sys he cannot learn ]
from the department at Washington I
when cotton cloth was first imported' .
to this country.
And so I will venture a few remarks c
on this subject in general, for it is full g
of remarkable'facts and Illustrates the n
kindness o} providence to His etst- t
ures. Providence is always kind and E
whenever we need anything He unlocks v
another door of His treasury and says I
here it is. I
There is no doubt at all that the cot
ton plant was created "in t] begin- a
ning," and with a destgn fqr the use I
and benefit of mankind when it should I
be needed. Attention was attracted r
to it away back in the centuries, Four 3
hundred and fifty years before the n
Christian era Herodotus wrote about '1
it as a plant bearing fleece more deli- (
cate and beautiful than those of sheep d
and of the Indians using it for the I
manufacture of cloth. From' India it c
.was introduced into Greece and RdBe el
and Caesar used jt for his army tents f
and covered the forum with it. Thie
cotton fabrics of the Hindoos have t
been excelled Vnly bIy the most perfect y
machinery of modern times. We read i
of a Hindoo princess who came into r
a court reception and the king said, r
"Go home-go` home afy child-you I
are not decently clad'--and she re- t
plied, "Father I have seven suits on," t
but they were of cotton muslin so thin t
and delicate that the king could see
through them. The famous muslins '
of Decca, in Calcutta, were called 4
"webs of woven wind," and when a
piece was laid upon the dew cov&ed 
grass it was not discernible. t
Imagine the wonder of these fabrics t
when there was not a spindle, but the ]
distaff and only a loom sat -the weaver r
carried abouit with him setting it up '
under a tree and digging a hole in the {
ground for his feet to work the treadle.
But the manufacture of cotton for the c
common people 'as smotheret dur- It
ing. all these centuries, and only i
wool and flax were used for c
clothing. The ancient Egyptians z
used it to some extent, spinning
it with the distaff and a eaving it with d
the primitive looms; but the plant was t
not cultivated. It was indigenous ,o
that country and the fleece was gath
ered from the wild stocks. It was-dt 1
until the tenth centusr that the culti- i
vation began," and that was by the
Moors in $pain. The Venetaus en
gaged in it in the fourteenth-century
and the English in the arly part of
the eighteenth. Butits use was very
limited, for the seed were'in the way.
But now comes the evolution of cot
ton; the revolution that in a few years
made it king. Nothing so wonderful
has ever t pnspired in commerce and
manufacture. There was a 'donjuan
tion of the'three things that were nec
essary to bring about this revolution:
The cotton gin by Whitney in ~89;
the spinning jenny by Ark ght in
1787, and the power loom ¶y-' Cart
wrightin 1789, all startled the wortld
about the same time and gave.n in
p'ulse to the growth and use anlh
ufacture of cotton that was pregnt
with great results. One of ths re
sults was the fixing of slavery as an
institution upon 4he southerp etates
Up to that time it wasnot considered
ettner ease or pronaole to enoditrager
theirgmportation frogi the norer
states. But of course, it took several
years for these inventions to becomi
generally introduced. My mother told
methatas late s 1818 she. used to
speng moAt of the *winter eveninpg
pichking the seed fromAbe cotton by
hand-with half a dozen or more of
the family servants, sitting in a eirclq,
around the fire. She vied with them
in trying to excel in the qnantitrt sed
ied. This was in Liberty eonaty of
this state, and the cotton was probably
the long staple variety.
* Whitney Geeanm intol'red ig ewr
minable law suits and bis gi, which
was for only the short stpple deotton,
was not in general use for npanj yeafs
after it wassinvented. My father put
np the first gin ..a Gwhsett eimty iu
1828, and seed cotton was haule toit
from all the adjacent contry. Pre
vious to the usem of tlWga it wru edcr
sidered a fair day's week to 'seed.
enough to makea pound of lint. But
the gin with two attemadnts picked
O pounds i a day. A that tIme
-fashioned spinaing wheel a
eral se# and a day'- rerk ft r
ghespinner ypasiCtsganigg
140 rounds on' b.e wsl, Wi.
f rl who had mae hekwdf
tten to he sauli ed b m *haassi
weaving eanEgh elo $ rh eB ow
siai, iad ,sheets and ve t
bud p&d t~aibdeaths ao r a
the table T1ie was th duw e?
'vetrk s went to ~tiagbk r ii
-Igthebi eUs ~nmua~
thPhudn IPll'lIE
r~. ·~e Q~'~#- L~"il4;
de .r~ikr~i: slisi~olgis~ I~i2i
spinaing jenny with oilf attendant did
sighty times as ,mucl a;d did it bet
ter. Later'on- it did 2,000 times as -.
much. The saving in weaving by the
power loom was in similar proportioni
and hence it sunddenly came about
that ten "men could do the work
f ten thousand.' No wdnder
that Hargraves and . Arkwright
were driven frowm theit homes by the
spinners and the spinsters. E;o ise
me for telling 'the girls just here that
s spinster is the feminine for spinner
nd used to mean a marria-reble
right and could not compete.with Eng
lish yarns.
But deliverance was not far off.
Bamuel anmbJohn Slater, who had
worked for Arkwright in -England for e
seven years, saw ,large money on this
side of the water.. They 'came and
brought with'them a fuUl knowledge
of all three of the inventions and how *
to use them and how 4o build a factory.
Of course they met with. a wbnm re
ception, and in 1806,they erected a
mill and planted a town and named it
Blaterville. They sqpn made a fortune.
When John died heleft his millions to
his son and when John, Jr.*got ready
to die he bequeathed a nil'lion to-ur
Dr. Haygood in trqpt for the education
of the negroes of the south. It was a
gift fit to be made, for the fathers and
mothers of these negroes grew the cot
hon that made the Slaters rich. The
Staters not only ~pun their yarns 'but
wove them, and the cloth -was ,called
homespun, because it was woven at
home and not brought from England..
But, although cotton was now kink
commercially, it was ranked. socially
by other fabrics. It was not gso
beautiful as silk nor so strong as flax
nor so warm as wool, and hence for
years it was woven only into the comp
mon fabrics for the common people.
The calicos that were Imported from
Caliout in Turkey were spun with a
distaff and woven in the old-fashioned
hand loom. The nankeen ploth. that
came from Nankin in China wasbmade
by a similar process. I remember
that my father, who was a merclant, a
botght some of that nankeen when I
was a lad and my mother made me a
pair of pants and a roundjacket outof
it and I was proud and yellow. It was
not until the 40's when the hner fab
ries, such as muslins and lawns, were
made of cotton. In 1842 a machine
was invented of so delicate a nature
that a single pound e cotton was spun .
to a length of 1,100 miles and in 1851
some clotn or exquisite 'nneness was
woven expressly for a -dress for the
queen of England and- weltxhibited
at the Qrystal palace fair in London
in that year. But it is still asserted -
that no machinery has ever surpassed
the hind I'ork of the Hindus and that
Montezuma 'presented Cortez with
robes of cotton interwoven with feather
work iast rivaled the delicacyof-the A
fnest painting.
But notwithstanding &he inventions-4
of the, spinning jenny-and the pacsr
loom, our' country people continted
for years tQ spin and to weave their
own eloth, and J female slaves were
made to do: s by their masters. ~I'e
spinning wheel was the first to.erreb- '
der, sid the betory yarn, or 'spun
truck," as it was called, came into
general' hse along in the' 40's. In a
few years more the hbme-made loom,
had to go, and tince the war the wheel
and the loom hive ceased theiy manio
in the homes of our people.
'It pas. not until after ee- elose of
the war of 1812 that eves northern
people bourght anycloth E~ngland.
Until about 1816 England 1a ktee to
sell or export, but from that time uniti
1824 its exportation increased very rapee
idly and almost paaslyzed oar New
England mills. But in that year and
in 1828 and 1882 congress placed a'
duty of 25 per bent avalorem on all
English cotton gol . and . this pro-,,
tection greatly revived oif own manu
factures. This tariff-ass reduced in
,1 a 3nd the onut l given a
er chance to e ~'iE
u't cotton is stiigll in the
southear~elds and in the tratiries and
in the oiying trade of thooen and
in Liyarpool and other gr ~pmrkete
of th'worl&. -Whethel we ma. large
rops or small om, it is still the
greatest fiotor inrte world's oedxfort
and pus'perity. long live the kl.g
-Bxx,. AaS', in Atanta CO u#.
The islean of PoZ ica *JaPsp
poplous than Ou quaite as Arih
and prodaotire and stoodt ad tI
foeted. The Spanish gosernarent'has
been obliged to inoerar its he ,
there foa fear of an outbreak.
Arrangeaeute are )"Intaid . a e st,
the estatlshnaest of"a wauehOse iw
ilexioo where.samples of AueAis)
goods will be~exhibited by sompetent
agents in order to iaoilitate ~iled
State trade with MexIco. It is soto
yet decided ~t what point- tmhe wire
hoIse will be loated, bitt it will be at
-se eeotral ety.
' The good peopletiit Venqps, the afr
eleat Vnausim, have just wakened to
tme fset that 1900 oyears sago a pe
the same of Horselwss tbru is that
city, and they intend to eomam~emot1
the fact by a tatltoe. TheI eoy .
Horace needs nb mooumuoe ot .s"ms
do Lceep it gresen is the bs of
-sebola deoelei the New Orlans
the Geman m p introduaeed 14
AmedMs waters a few yes'5 agq
wre desruo**v* ho ether
grugeastely they seen to be ha
*s the m Isd 11egsleatape of we*
pwmwb~ln~~lIkmethes54fi lbs
-ir .5 th ta4 sa h
-' -,~, -, ~~*i~ ilrmc~ '

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