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The Banner-Democrat. (Lake Providence, East Carroll Parish, La.) 1892-current, December 04, 1897, Image 1

Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064237/1897-12-04/ed-1/seq-1/

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When the march begins in the morning
And the heart and the foot are light,
When the flags are all a-flutter
And the world is gay and bright,
When the bugles lead the column
And the drums are proud in the van,
t's shoulder to shoulder, forward, march! h
Ah! let him lag who can!
For it's easy to march to music
With your comrades all In line, 0
Lad you don't get tired, you feel Inspired,
And life is a draught divine.
When the march drags on at evening 9
And the color-bearer's gone.
When the merry strains are silent t
That piped so bravo In the dawn, f
When you miss the dear old fellows
Who started out with you,
Whon It's stubborn and sturdy, forward, C
Though the ragged lines are few,
then it's hard to march in silence,
And the roal-has lonesome grown, t
&ud life is a bitter cup to drink;
But the soldier must not moan.
And this Is the task before us,
A task we may never shirk,
in the gay time and the sorrowful time
We must march and do our work.
We must march when the music cheers us,
March when the gtrains are dumb, t
Plucky and valiant, forward, marohl ]
And smile, whatever may come.
For, whether life's hard or easy,
The strong man keeps the pace,
For the desolate march and the silent i
The strong soul finds the grace.
-Margaret E. Sangster, in Interior.
ES, my dear boy, it
would be most awfully
*'°oo jolly up here, and I
should be enjoying
my visit no end, if it
weren't for two ob
stacles." d
"And what are
"Louise Siggers and Tom Wedding- f
"Umph! Nothing should be easier
Whan to avoid them, and- " t
"Oh! Is it!"
"I have found no difficulty." 1
"Perhaps not. But then you are i
hot the object of Louisa's tender re- I
"Are you?"
"Alas! I am!"
"I condole with you, my dear chap. I
You must find it deuced embarrassing
-especially in view of that other little e
"Ah, you're right! When my chief i
Object in paying this visit was to be t
ander the same roof with Amy Bill
lnghurst. Then to be shadowed by i
this confounded Louisa, and to have I
ill my tete-a-tetes with Amy interrupt- i
ed and spoiled-well, it's the most ir
ritating thing I ever knew!"
"It must be. But in what way does 1
rom manage to interfere with your
happiness? He is a bit of a bore, no
doubt. But I have not noticed that
he has cottoned on to you particularly." (
"Nor has he. I do not complain of
the fellow on that score. It is as a 1
sportsman that I object to him-at
least, when I am posted (as I have
been the last three times) the next
gun on the fellow's left."
"Is he very dangerous, then?"
"Deadly dangerous. You know, of
course, that he is as blind as a bat.
Can't distinguish any object at more
than ten yards."
"I thought he was a good shot.'"
"He is. He sees a confused blob,
pots at the middle of it and hits it. A
bad blind shot is awful enough, in all I
conscience. A good blind shot is too i
terrible for words."
"Has he ever shot anybody?"
"I believe he has been known to I
wing a beater, and I understand he I
once took the crown off somebody's 1
headkeeper's hat."
"But why does our host ask such a4
manslaughterer out?"
"Oh! B!csiness obligations, I'm
told. And you will have noticed that
he never places himself within range
of Weddington. But here he comesl"
It was in the billiard room of Sir
Thornton Thorndale's country seat,
near Ilkley, where he was entertain
ing a large piarty for the grouse shoot
ing; and the speakers were Charlie
Bickley and the Hon. Horace Sturti
vant, two of the younger men among
the baronet's guests. Louisa Siggers
was a cousin of Lady Thorndale, and
possessor of a not insignifioant fortune.
She had attained the age of forty-one
and was a spinster still.
Just now she was desperately sweet
on Charlie Bickley, a fellow guest,
and it appeared that she was under
the delusion that Bickley entertained
a tender regard for herself. Of Amy
Billinghurst all that need here be said
is this: That she was young, well
born and very pretty and charming;
also that she took no steps whatever
to repel Bickley's attentions.
Later in the same evening Horace
Sturtivant strolled into Bickley's bed
room to have a cniet chat with him.
There was a grin on the former's face
as he entered, the grin of a man who
is fresh from the effects of some good
"I say, Charlie, he remarked after
he had taken an easy chair. "I've
just heard such a funny thing from my
man. It will be of special interest to
you, too. It is about your sweet
"About Amy?"
"No! About Louisa."
"The dear girl has been reduce I to
a state of frenzy to-night. She has
actually committed assault and battery
upon her maid."
"For why?"
"Becase in undressing her, or
rather in taking her to pieces, the maid
placed Louisa's best goldea ban too
near the candle. There was a draught
from the window, it appears, which
blew the flame onto the arrwugement;
ad he F preitol it oaught fre tad wa
to asbs before yo ould
4 cjwa ast g1Pts
she went for Abigail with a hair brush
and landed her one on the cheek with we
the bristly side. My man, who is wm
sweet on the young woman, tells me ril
that she came down into the servants' lit
hall sobbing, and with an outbreak pi
like measles all over her left cheek." ra
"Poor girl. But why was the fair wi
Louisa in such a stew? Was it her Ti
only bun?" cc
"No; she has another with her, my er
man says, but it is less becoming; not pi
quite such a rich shade of gold. I dare th
say she was relying on that one to cap- th
tivate you with, old man. If so, her nu
fury is easily understood." sC
"Umphl I wish it had been her si
only one. Then she would not have
been able to show up; and I should of
have'had some peace with Amy." C
"Have you yet-pardon my imper- di
tinence--have you yet proposed to that cl
sweetest girl in the world?" flu
"No! I cannot get the chance. w
Three times I've been just on the eve et
of it; and three times I've been inter- t1
rupted by that irrepressible Louisa. TS
I could wring the woman's neck with si
the greatest satisfaction," concluded
Bickley, viciously. sW
The Hon. Horace sat silent for sev- at
eral minutes. When this vivacious o1
gentleman was silent and thoughtful ti
it was ten to one he was meditating to
mischief. And so, as it proved, he ci
now was. al
"Charlie," he said, at length. si
"Hear the wind?" fe
"I do."
"Squally day to-morrow, I expect." g
"Yes; bad for shooting." bi
"And good for---something else." eu
"For what, then?" a
"For a certain little plan which has T
I just occurred to me."
And with many winkings, chuck
B lings, and allusive gestures, Mr. Stur
tivant proceeded to unfold his little to
plan. P1
The next day's weather, as our
-friends had predicted, was equally h
and blusterous, though otherwise fine. I
r Most of the sportsmen grumbled at d
the wind a good deal, as sportsmen rI
have a way of doing; but Sturtivant and a
Bickley viewed the outlook with equan- ,
e imity. In the course of breakfast the
latter, who had taken a seat next to to
Louisa, said to that lady in his most t
engaging tones: d
"You are coming out with us this d
morning, Miss Siggers?"
g "Oh, Mr. Bickley," the fair Louisa w
e simpered, looking extremely pleased. it
"I should like to, ever so much; but g
I it is so dreadfully rough and windy a
e that-that--"
"I shall positively hate the wind if o
y it keeps you from accompanying us," ,
a murmured Charlie tenderly, and in a
voice too low for any one else to hear. e
Louisa became very bashful and a
overwhelmed at that, and turned down g
s her belladonna-brilliant eyes in sweet t
r confusion on her plate.
"Tpon my word, Mr. Bickley, you- tl
t yoti-oughtn't to say such things-you Ii
' oughtn't, indeed! He! he!" t
f "But will you come?" persisted s
a Charlie earnestly. t1
it "If-if-you really wish it."
e "I do." tJ
:t "Then I will." o
And the belladonna-brilliant eyes a
were lifted from the plate to meet a
f Bickley's in one unutterable glance. n
t. So it came to pass that when the i
e sportsmen started Louisa was one of lI
the few ladies who braved the wind to h
accompany them; and it goes without ,
i, saying that she attached herself to
k Bickley, who, indeed, encouraged her n
11 to do so by the tender affability of his ,s
o manner. Clad in a choice sporting e
costume, with short skirts and gaiters a
and the neatest of shooting-boots, she 01
o trudge along by Charlie's side, while
e that young man divided his attention tl
's between killing birds and doing the it
tender to his Louisa, to say nothing ii
a of keeping a sharp eye on Wedding- o
ton, the adjacent gun on his right, lest
a the latter should perchance be moved
t to'point his barrels in their direction.
e All went well until about half an C
" hour before luncheon. Then Char- t
r lie's eye happened to fall upon Louisa's t
, back hair, and he noticed something. t
1- "Pardon me," he said, with polite .
- consideration. "You will think it
is kind of me to mention it, I'm sure. A
- One of your-your-hailpine is just
g coming out." l
s "Is it? Thank you. Which? Is t
d it this one?" exclaimed Louisa, put
e. ting both her hands to her bun in a i
e fine fluster. e
"No; you have not quite hit the
et spot. Allow me."
t, And Charlie, approaching, bentfor
or ward and deftly negotiated the re
d fractory pin with his first finger And t
y thumb.
d "There," he said, "I think that is
1- all right."
g; "Oh, thank you so much! So good
er of you," giggled Louisa.
"Nay! a pleasure-a privilege-a
s delight," murmured audacious
d- Charles.
a. But here a brace of birds rose
e straight in front, and Bickley stopped i
o flirting with Louisa to polish them
)d both off in workmanlike manner.
They had not advanced many paces I
er before Louisa was heard to utter a
re sharp, shrill cry of dismay-almost of
sy anguish. The cause was almost too
to obvious. Just then had come a
t stronger gust than usual, and in a mo
ment, before she could put up her hands
to stop it, it had whisked off her hat
-aye, and worse than that-her gol- 1
den ban, both of which were being
to whirled high and rapidly upon the
as squally breeze.
ry Now the wind was blowing from
their rear, and the consequences was
that both hat and bus, which had
or separated, were carried diagonally
id across Weddington's line of fire.
o It was then that Sturtivant-the
ht wicked and mischievous-who was
h nedt gan beyond Weddington, pre
Even before he spoke Weddington
was covering Louisa's hat, and at the
word, bang! went right and left. The
right knocked a choice sample of mil
linery into a shapeless ruin. The left
picked off the bun. It was a near
range and the effect was great. Never
was a bun so completely annihilated.
True, a few golden fragments were re
covered by grinning beaters and keep
ers, and one of the dogs retrieved a
part of the stuffing, but the rest, in a
thousand pieces, was whirled away by
the wind over the moors, never to re
unite. There was no doubt on that
score. Louisa's bun, as a bun, had
simply ceased to exist.
But who shall describe the agonies
of the unhappy loser of the bun?
Charles came to her rescue with his
deer-stalker. She clutched it; she
clapped it on her head; she tied the
flaps securely beneath her chin. It
was sizes too large. It nearly smoth
ered here. But she was thankful for
that, poor, shame-stricken Louisal
Would that it had buried her from
eight altogether and eternally!
On the first opportunity she slipped
away unobserved from the shooters,
and made for home. Nor was she the
only defaulter from the party. Sensi
tive, short-sighted Weddington was
too thin-skinned to bear the merciless
chaff with which he was assailed on
all hands for his little mistake. He
snatched up his gun and departed in a
fever of rage and mortification.
That very afternoon he was tele
graphed for by his partner on urgent
business, while Louisa was unexpect
edly summoned to the bedside of
a moribund grandmother. - London
A Slave to Duty.
Marie A. Millie, in St. Nicholas,
tells a number of "Stories of Ele
phants." Mrs. Millie says:
Some time before the elephant-hunt
I have described, my husband was at
a station in Bengal. His work kept
him out nearly all day, and, being ill,
I used to lie for hours in a long gar.
den-chair on the veranda, too weak to
read, or enjoy any more exciting
amusement than my eyes supplied tc
We had three elephants for oui
tents and baggage; and one dear crea
ture use to feed from my hands every
day, and seemed as gentle as any pet
dog or cat.
One of our government chaprasis
was particularly devoted to her, and
invariably shared his meal of fruit or
flour-cakes with his dumb friend. On
a particularly hot day, the chaprasi,
to my surprise, placed his tiny child
of six month at the elephant's feet,
warning her expressively that the in
fant was in her charge, and was to be
cared for till his return. I myself war
an eye-witness of her wonderful sa
gacity. Large banana trees and fig
trees grew around, and, to my sur
prise, the elephant broke off one of
the former's spreading leaves, held ii
like a fan in her trunk, and from time
to time gracefully waved it over the
slumbering child, whether to temper
the heat of the atmosphere or to keel
off flies, I am unable to say. The gen.
tie way in which she moved her feet
over the child, and across to each side,
astounded me. I sent for a white loat
and some oranges, and calling her by
name (she was never chained), tried
in vain to tempt her to my side on the
low veranda, NothWig would induce
her to leave her charge. The warm
air and monotonous werw of the swing
ing fan overpowered me with drowsi.
ness, to u,hich I yielded; and, after a
sleep of some duration, I was awak
ened by quiet, subdued snorts beside
me. To my surprise, I found that the
chaprasi had just returned to his off
spring, and the elephant stood neat
the veranda beside me, patiently wait
ing and gently asking for the tempt
ing dainties so bravely withstood for
over two hours.
Indian Carriers on the Klondike.
In an article entitled "From the
Coast to the Golden Klondike," writ
ten for Outing by Edward Spurr, of
the United States Geological Survey,
the author has this to say of the Indi
ans who carried his baggage during
an official journey into the interior of
Alaska in 1896:
These Indians all have some Eng
lish name, which they have got from
the mission, where they hang around
when there is anything to be got by
it. I find in my notes "Tom" credit
ed with carrying one hundred and ten
pounds of meat, and "Jim" with one
hundred and sixty-one pounds of sun
dries. Tom's original name was Kuk
shon, and he claimed to be a chief of
the interior, or Stick, Indians. He
spent his spare time during the short
space of my acquaintance with him in
daubing vermilion around his left eye.
Before starting across the pass he
painted the rest of his face black with
soot and grease, but carefully left the
red around his eye; and this orna
mentation, together w'ith a smile,
which I think he meant to be engag
ing, and which he offers on all occa
sions as a substitute for conversation,
made him a particularly villainous
looking personage. Among the pack
ers were also a number of women.
These were mostly ugly old hags, and
many of them plainly suffered greatly
Sfrom fatigue; yet their patient endur
ance was remarkable. It seems to
fall to the lot of the old women, among
these people, to do the hardest work:
but men, women and children are
schoole~d to carry heavy burdens. We
Smet on the trail a whole family pack
intg, carrying out a sort of contract
with some of the miners. The man
Scarried one hundred and twenty-seven
Spounds, a boy of thirteen carried one
Shundred pounds, and the squaw and
little girls had heavy loads. Even the
dog, about the size of a setter, carried
Sforty pounds, with which he waddled
along patiently enough.
The members of -the London bet
who are total abstainers are not ver
ausemu& -
[ts Operations Conducted in Systematic
Order-An Immense Quantity of Work Si
Turned Out in a Day-How the Work
is Done-Regular and Transient Trade. t
A few years ago nearly every city ti
was studded with little Chinese laun- p
tries, where the proprietor exchanged ci
r small piece of paper containing some tl
Inknown hieroglyphics for each bun- it
Ile as it was brought in. They flour- ei
shed for a while, but the shrewd eý
Yankee went them one better by P
;ending for and delivering the pack- m
tges and then the inventions in ma- b
ihinery for simplifying the work began it
to multiply to such an extent that it
was almost unnecessary to do any s<
hand work. Gradually the "washee, it
washee man" found business slipping tl
sway from him and started an opium it
ioint as an adjunct. Then the latter P
>ecame the whole thing, and the laun- al
Iry only a blind, but the celestials tl
iound themselves closed up by the it
police, and they are now almost a O(
thing of the past.
The amount of clean clothes turned P
put by a laundry is astonishing, and a P
visit to one of them on a busy day d
would cause one to think that every
family in the city was having its wash
Ing done. One well-known laundry r
handles no less than 2000 shirts every
week and each one of them will aver- t
ige two collars and a pair of cuffs,
with other articles in proportion. ie
There are two classes of trade, regu
lar and transient, and it is the former P
that the laundry seeks to especially
please. All they have to do is to get Of
their laundry ready and the wagon
calls for it on a certain day every
week. Some make a list of what they i
send, while others just bundle every
thing together, depending upon the d
laundry to do the rest. The members
of that class never complain if they
think there is a collar missing, and r'
they seldom have cause to think so. a
The transient class of customers com
prises all kinds of people, from the u
tiunicky individuals who are never a
suited and change places nearly every
week, to the clerk, who runs in with
his shirt and collars on his way to
work. The young lady behind the
counter would be discharged if she
smiled when a customer handed her D
two collars and a pair of cuffs. Those
who bring their laundry to the office
make out a list of what the bundle 0
contains and mark down the day on v
which it is wanted. Then they can F
have it delivered, or call for it, as best c
suits their convenience. Many famn
ilies have their entire washing done at
the laundry, a low rate being made for a
plain pieces, and they thus avoid the t
necessity of employing a washerwo
man and adding confusion to the kit
Experience has shown that a com
bination of machine and hand does the
best work and is less injurious to the
clothes, so that it is used in almost all
the large laundries. When the clothes
are received they first go to the marker,
as each customer must have a different
mark in order that the different arti
cles may be gathered again for deliv- I
ery. The marker also has to countthe
different articles and compare them
I with the list to see that the latter is e
correct. The clothes are then bundled
into baskets and taken to tie wash £
room to be placed in the washers,
which are long wooden cylinders con
nected with a shaft that rotates back- I
wards and forwards to keep the a
clothes in constant motion so that the
soap and hot water may reach every a
I part. In twenty min .tes they are
ready to be taken out. They are then
placed in a wringer, a huge basin with t
an opening at the top and a pipe lead
ing from the bottom. In it fits an- {
other basin with perforated sides which
revolves at a high rate of speed and
Sforces the water through the holes. a
From there they are taken to the dry 1
room, a large cupboard fitted with
racks which slide in and out. Coils
of pipe furnish the heat.
All the plain clothes are dried on a
mangle, a big hollow cylinder, which I
is heated and revolves continually. A I
girl stands on one side spreading the
Sclothes on it, and after a revolution or
two they are taken off at the opposite
side. From the dry room the clothes
g > to the starching machine, and are
Sthen ready to be ironed. All cuffs,
Scollars and the bosoms of shirts are
ironed by a machine, but the bodies of
the shirts are done by hand to prevent
the wear and tear that cannot be
avoided by usingA machine. Ladies' I
finery is entirely done by hand, and I
Sall goods that might be liable to in
jury unless handled with great care.
SForassorting, a pigeon hole case is
used, one for each bqndle. The col
Slara and cuffs are first assorted on a
table, and then placed in the pigeon
' holes. Each lot isthen compared with
the list that came with it, and if found
correct is tied up and sent down to the
Soffice either for delivery or to be held
until called for.
One feature of laundries that is not
Swell known is the repair departments,
where all missing buttons are sewed
on and rents repaired without cost to
Spatrons. Regular customers have
their shirts carefully looked after and
new neck and wrist bands sewed on
. when necessary at a nominal cost.
SWith all the care exercised kicks will
Scome, especially about clothes being
t lost, and it is an easy matter for the
· unscrupulous individual to get an ex
, trapairof collars and ouffs by claim
Sing that his laundry was short. When
a a customer insists his word is never
a disputed, though it may be known
a that he is wrong, and the goods are
j replaced. To those who can sfford
the means the laundry is indispensa
ble, doing the work much better than
i it ean be done at home and an endless
~ amount et trouble end smaoyaw is
*Ta k&wh l hw).r Preg
-illions of Property in New York Pro*
tected by a Fleet of Fire-Boats.
A paper by Charles T. Hill in the
St. Nicholas, in the series on New
York's Fire Department, is devoted to
"Floating Fire-Engines." Mr. Hill
With the growth of a large city,
the protection of the water-front from
the ravages of fire becomes an im
portant study of fire protection for the
city itself. Nearly every large city in
the United States owes its growth to
its nearness to some body of water,
either lake river or sea, which offers
exceptional advantages for the trans
portation of immense quantities of
merchandise, and also provides har
borage for all manner of craft engaged
in this work.
This merchandise has to be stored
somewhere during the process of load
ing and unloading these vessels, and
the big warehouses and wharf-build
ings along the water-front serve this
purpose: but very often the most valu
able cargoes are stored for a time in
the flimsiest kind of buildings, need
ing but a spark to start a destructive
As a city increases in size its im
portance as a freight-cefter grows in
proportion; and the value of freight
and merchandise stored along shore,
during transit, in a big city like New
York, can only be imagined. No
reasonable valuation can be given, for
we should have to dive too deeply in
to the amounts of imports and exports
to get anywhere near he truth; but it
is safe to say that one hundred millions
would scarcely cover the property ex
posed to the danger of fire, in a single
day, among the piers and wharf-houses
of New York City.
Nor is this danger confined to piers
and wharf-buildings alone, but vessels
in the act of loading and unloading
valuable cargoes, the big bonded
warehouses along the river front, the
docks for great ocean steamers, and
the freight stations of many big rail
roads are also exposed to this risk,
and need to be well protected, for a
serious fire among themwonld destroy
more valuable property than perhaps
a fire of the same extent in the very
heart of the city.
Fires along ahore are difficult ones
to handle. There is always more or
less wind near the water; if a gale is
blowing it seems to have twice as
much force on the water-front, and a
fire once started here spreads very
rapidly. Then fires on the piers, or
or in the wharf-buildings, are usually
very hard to fight;-although there is
plenty of water all around, it is diffi
cult to apply it to good effect. The
land forces can only fight such a fire
from one position-the street side;
and if the wind is blowing inland it
drives the smoke and fire directly at
them, and makes it nearly impossible
to hold this position. It is here that
the floating tire-engine or fire-boat can
do its valuable work; and New York
possesses a fleet of such vessels-three
boats that are fully able to cope with
a fire of almost any size, whether it be
among the shipping, alongshore, or
anywhere in the harbor.
The Toad In the Cellar.
"Though I was born and raised in
Massachusetts, where some of the peo.
ple are much bent in their ways, and
now and then a trifle superstitious,
especially the women folks," remarked
a resident of Falls Church, Va., to a
Star reporter, "I was never a believer
i such nonsense until I became a
resident of Virginia. I am not a be
liever in it now, although it does not
seem to do any harm. I moved into
a new house a couple of years ago, and
somehow things seemed to go wrong
constantly. First it was one thing,
and then it was another. I mentioned
the matter to an old colored auntie,
who did our laundry work, and she
told me that it was because there was
no toad frog in the cellar. She said it
was good luck for a new house to have
a toad in the cellar, and that many
builders always left a frog in the cel
lar when they finished a house. As it
was such a simple matter to set things
right, I caught a toad and put it inthe
cellar, and, strangely enough, things
began running all right immediately.
Since then my cellar has never been
without a toad frog, and to that ex
tent I am superstitionus."-Washing
ton Star.
Cost of Living In the Klondike.
A good idea of what money will be
needed when the new gold diggings
are reached in order to live until "pay
dirt" is struck may be gained from
the following list, quoting ruling
prices in the Klondike, the latest re
Flour per 50 pounds............. $20.00
Beet, per pound (fresh)............. .0
Bacon, per pound .................. .75
Coffee, per puund. ................. 1.00
Sugar, per pound ....................50
Eggs, per dozen................... 2.00
Condensed milk, per can............ 1.00
Live dogs, per pound............... 2.00
Picks, each 1... .......... 15.00
Shovels, each.................... 15.00
WVages, per day.................... 15.00
Lumber, per 1000 feet .............. 10.00
At Dawson City the following prices
are ruling:
F!our, per 100 pounds........... $12.00
Moose ham, per pound............. 1.00
Caribou meat, per pound.......... .65
Beans, per pound .................. 10
Rice. per pound ...................2. .
Sugar, per pound. ..............:... .28
Baceon, per pound................... .
Butter, per roe ..................... 1.
Eggs, per dozen..................... 1.
Better eggs, per dosen.............. 4.0
Salmon, each...............:1.00O to 1.
Potatoes, per pound................ .2
Tornips, per pound.................11
Tea,per pound.................... 1.01
Eel's Egs I De1mam.
Here's a ehance for some one.
one has ever seen eel's eggs. It is L
lieved that they spawn in the ooea..
as they never increase in a laud-locke
pond. Fame and distination awar
Sthe one who will solve this proble
that the nateuraist have found to4
Views of New York's Lieutensat-Gover
In the course of a recent speech at
Binghamton, N. Y., Lieutenant-Gor
irnor Woodruff said: "Now that I b
have, through my participation dur- t:
ing one session of the Legislature, a- B
quired experience concerning the e
management of State affairs, it is my I
purpose next winter to devote a large v
share of my time and energy to the se- o1
curing of good roads. Legislation in 0
that direction failed during the legis- o
lative session of 1897 because of the a
opposition of the farm owners of the el
State, who naturally prefer to work Is
the roads running through their farms ic
themselves, rather than pay the tax fi
required for some department of the Ii
State to do it. We all know that the tr
making of good roads requires a care- ti
ful study of the subject and practical B
experience such as most of the farm- tl
ere do not possess. I sincerely hope e
that the rural communities of our a
State may be brought to a realization f'
of the real situation, and another win- a
ter acquiesce in a systematic plan for -
road improvement, not forgetting that
over sixty per cent. of the cost of such
improvement will be defrayed by the
taxpayers of the cities. I believe that
almost every farmer will save in the
cost of getting his produce to market
a sum greater than his individual tax
by the substitution of good roads for
the very poor ones now so prevalent
throughout the Empire State."
A Muddy Road.
One day this week, as a teamster
was slowly working his way through
she quagmire commonly known as a
,ountry road between the Cummings
hill and Fossil, he espied a hat in one
)f the ruts in front of him. As the
headgear appeared to be in fairly good
wondition he dismounted to pick it up.
is he raised the hat he was aston
Ished to hear a voice coming from un
ler it exclaim: "Hold on! That's my
bat!" As soon as he had gathered his t
breath and wits the teamster asked, g
"What are you doing down there?" e
which brought forth the reply: "I'm e
in big luck to be where I am. There's
i horse underneath me."-Fossil (Ore
gon) Journal.
A Southern Use For Tramps. b
Visitors to the South have probably b
soticed that there are several Southern P
States in which tramps are rarely seen. ti
the reason why these States have such C
Immunity from tramps, while Massa- *
chusetts is overrun with vagabonds of C
the criminal class, is simply to be found '
hn the different methods of treatment a
)f such criminals. In these Southern C
States, where tramps are so seldom
seen, it is the uniform practice to put d
ill suspicious characters at work upon te
~he construction of public roads
,broughout the States.
When a State has more roads that
need improvement than money with
which to effect those improvements,
he employment of tramps as road
nakers has been found to work to the
satisfaction of the general public. A
criminal class is kept out of mischief,
while at the same t,ime the value of
he taxable property of the State is in-"
areased. Farmers are benefited by
seing able to get their produce to mar
tet with far less trouble and delay
han were formerly expected as a mat
ier of gourse. The State secures good
toads at little expense. C
Of course, the tramps do not care to
work day after day, toiling away upon
State highways; but whenever they a
ire caught within such a State they
saunot help themselves. The conse
luence is that after a few years of this
system the great majority of tramps i
ive the State a wide berth.-Boston
Mass.) Advertiser.
Cost of Bad Roads.
According to statistics collected by E
the office of road inquiry of the De- c
partment of .Agriculture, the amount i
,f loss each year by bad roads of the
tountry is almost beyond belief.
Some 10,000 letters of inquiry were
tent to intelligent and reliable farmers
throughout the country, and returns
were obtained from about 1200 coun
:ies, giving the average length of
haul in miles from farms to markets
mnd shipping points, the average
weight of load hauled and the average
length per ton for the whole length of
the haul.
Summarized, it appears that the
general average length of haul is
twelve miles, the weight of load for
two horses 2000 pounds, and the aver
age cost per ton per mile twenty-five
sents, or $3 for the entire load.
Allowing conservative estimates for
tonnage of all kinds carried over pub- I
lie roads, the aggregate expense of
this transportation is figared at $946,
114,600 per annum. Those in a posi
tion to judge, calculatethat two-thirds,
or nearly $631,000,000, could be saved
If the roads were in reasonably good
condition. At $4000 per mile a very I
good road can be constructed, and if
an amount equaling the savings of one
year were applied to improving high
ways, 157,000 miles of road in this
country could be put in condition.
The effect of this would be a per
smanent improvement, and an exchange
says not only would the farmer be
astonished in the sudden reduction in
his road tax, but he would also wonder
ts the remarkable falling off in the
cost of transportation. He would also
ind that he required fewer horse sad
less feed for them. He coald make
two trips to market a day instead of
On, when ability to get his goods
there at a time when high prices are
raling is a matter of great ooae
Farmers are beginning to apply a
little simplearithmetic to some of these
matters, sad it is not too much to ex- I
pect that in the near future we shall a
see a decided revolation in the condi
tion of our rural highways.--Farm,
I Field and Fireside.
Duln, Germany, luelude Ia Lt
.pl· sQoo fUn _s.
Louls H, Orr Now Printer Laureate
of the United States.
Louis H. Orr, of New York, who hat
been elected printer laureate by the
typographical craft in the United
Btates, is one of the most artistic print
era on this side of the Atlantic. The
wearer of the bays was to be chosen b3
vote, and Mr. Orr was the successful
one. He received 5,789 votes, and Henri
0. Shepard, of Chicago, was a close see
ond with 5,292 votes. B. B. Herbert was
a close third with 5,137 votes. The oth,
er candidates were far behind. Mr. On
is a natural printer. He inherited hit
love for the types and drew from his
father a love of the artistic. This feet
Ing is seen in the very beautiful specs
mens of printing art which Mr. Orr hat
turned out from his shop in New York
He began life with a thorough educa.
tion in the printing office, and learned
every detail of the trade. He became
a rapid and accurate typesetter, a skill.
ful pressman, and acquired the keenest
appreciation of the artistic in the get
ting together of his work. When the
days of his apprenticeship came to an
end he set out on his wanderings, and
entered the employ of a big envelope
concern in Springfield, Mass. Later he
set up in business for himself in the
Massachusetts city, but it was not until
be opened his shop in New York that
be took his place beside those great
printers who have done most to lift the
trade into the realms of art. In his so
clal and private relations Mr. Orr is
amiability itself. Loving open-air exer.
else, his devotion to healthful sports
was shown in his unopposed election as
a governor of the New York Athletic
When you have a country woman to
dt.ner,zottee hew shy she is t the bat
ter yeou sra
Mississippi Valley
Railroad maintalas
Unsurpassed : Daily : Service
niw OiWS & aIPmIS,
connecting at Memphis with
trains of the Illinois Cen
tral Railroad for
Cairo, St. Louis, Chicago, Cin
cinnati, Louisville,
making direct connections with through
trains for all points
including Buffalo, Pittsburg, l1eve
land, Boston, New York, Philadelphia,
Baltimore, Itichmond, St. Paul, Min
neapolis, Omaha, Kansas City, Hot
Springs, Ark., and Denver. Olose
connection at Chicago witb Central
Mississippi Valley Boute, Solid Past
Vestibuled Daily Trains for
and the West. Particulars of agents
of the Y. & M. V. and connecting lines
Wu. MvtTBA, Div. Pas. Agt.,
New Orleans.
Jwo. A. Scoon, Div. Pa. Agt.,
A. H. Hiasox, O. P. A.,
W. A. KLL]OND, A. G. P. A.,
W. D.Birr, Oity Tkt. Agt, Vickeburg..
Between the
North and South.
Only direet rote to
1eihis, St. Lsi, biun, Kanm 0Ct
and all points
Only direct route to
Jnsth, YletbhrL Uwmw
And all points in Teas sndh Boath
Double Daily Trains
Fast Time
Close Connections.
Through Pullman Palase Sleepers
between New Orleans saod Memphis,
Kansas City, St. Louis and Ohiesgo
without change, making direct oonneo
tiona with irst-elase liaes to all points.
The great steel bridge spanning the
Ohio river at OCaio completed, and all
trains (freight and peeneaar) now run
niong regularly over it,thus avoiding the
delays sad auneoy~eincident to tri
.Z HAnson, 5. W . .
Gen. Pas Agt., L G. P.gi
Chi Pfk Nhg

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