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The Banner-Democrat. (Lake Providence, East Carroll Parish, La.) 1892-current, December 04, 1897, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064237/1897-12-04/ed-1/seq-4/

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IDn raell and Oladstone. I
In a recently published book Reginald
Brett of England says that Queen Vie
toria once impatiently remarked: "I HEAC
am no longer Queen. Mr. Gladstone is SO
King." The Grand Old Man always
had an air of aloofness about him, even the
when he was in the presence of royal- J o
ty. Beaconsfield, on the other hand, den
was talways welcome at Windsor. The AI
Queen didn't like him at first, it Is true, Fr
but he gra,ually won her over. Howl the
"In trifles Disraeli never forgot the sea dowl
of the sovereign. In great affairs he of a
never appeared to remember it" ,
Almost Inside Out. Yet
The stomach that is not turned thus ly a Ray
shaking u) on the "briny wave" must be a (ron
well fortified one. The gastric apparatus can the
be rendered prodf against sea sickness with hea
that stomachic so popular among travelerslhy
sean and land - llost tter's Sttmach hitters. It inta.
defends the systemr against malaria and rheu- pres
matlm. awnl ubdul liver complaint, consti- tat
pation and dyspepala.
The scales mu,t drop from one's eyes before
he can weigh anything fairly. wru
I use Piso's P'ure for (Ynsln.o,O in ht in i st
my family an I priti .--). (i". W. i'.tArr.I seve
SON, Inkstar. MIIih.. Nov. ., li.1. old
Whenever a girl t'inks as mit'h of a man cage
as she doc, of Ihrself that Is love. bell
Mrs. Winli w'- ioothing vrup for hildrel in t
tethilngoft' nltie genrt. reducing intflatmnu - Ihi
tion,allays p:a.i ni i rewind eolic. Ti. a bottle.
Blessins in dii'zuise us:tally have a hard of I
time proving their identity. wit
Fits Iernlls nentltv lured. No fits or nervous- Car
ness alttr first di:iv': ;e of Dr. Kline's ireat
s.'rve lteator.r.ir trial hottle and treatise free tho
Lit. I. Ii. Kr.lte Lt l. If1 Arch St., P'hila, Ri. wa'
ltalwavs maokes a man feel out of place vot
when he loses his situation. star
naby's Sore Ilead lat
and chafed skin are quiekiy cured blv Tetter- si
Ine. Don't let the ,or little thing srerlun it
self into sitlpais wh,.n relief is so easy. Every
skin trouble fr.in a ainple chafe or chap to
thes worst (ca. of 'i'itt ,r or Ringwormn is cured
quickly an'I slre.ly by 'rett-rine. Atdrugglst5,
or by mail fP-5 i,. in stamps by J. T. Siup- i
trine, Savannah, (al . air
Riches have wings and travel at a scorch- a I
er's pace. yet
A woman's lips are the rose and her tongue thi
is the thorn. the
Deafness Cannot Be Cured
by local applications as they cannot reach the bre
diseased portion of the ear. 'Ihero is onlyne ar
way to cure deafnness,. and that is by constitu
- tional remedies. Deafness s caused by an 'n- B
amened condition of the mucous Ienlngo the -
Eustachian Tube. When this tube gets In
flmed you have a rumbling sound or Imper- to
fect hearing and when it is entirely closed
Deafness i the result, and unless the inflam.
matiou can be taken out andl this tube re- we
stored to its normal condition,hearing will he
destroyed forcver. Nine cases out ef ten are pri
caused by catarrh, which is nothing butan ln- ea
flamed condition ofi the mucous surfaces. Ca
We will give One Hnndred Dollars for any
caeof DeSc triioo bcatrrit) that can- be
not be oureit by Hall's tararrh Lure. end
for circulars. free.
F. J. OawsYz & Co., Toledo, O. ox
Sld by Druggists, TO. li
Hall's amily llls are the best. ;O
When an editor cannot take a joke the hn. wi
morlet has to grin and keep It.
Helping Tired Mothers and Giving Rosy
Cheeks to Children.
Thousands of tired, nervous, worried bi
women have found strength, health and [I
happiness In Hood's Sarsaparilla, whieh y
purifies their blood, strengthens their to
nerves and gives them good appetites. w
Pale and puny ohildron are given rosy C
cheeks and vigorous appetites by the great E
blood enriching qualities of Hood's Bar- B
saparila. It is Ideed the mother's fried
and it may well have a place in thousands et
of families. Be sure to get Hood's. d
dl P are the only ils to take ia
*wo : PuN= with Hood's rsaparilla i
r. wickall Pedersen, a Dane, Claims
It's Jst the Thing. N
The accomopanyig lilustratlon Is a
ftomn a photograph of the Cantilever b
bicycle, one of the latest novelties in
cycle construction, and Its inventor,
Mr. Nickll Pederen. One of the fea
been a wherein tisma h dfo enty a
+ C
Theel fr roh ua, whtch w te
o n
turn wheein this machine difters ma-r
terlallye from the rdSnary bicycle rs
the weigh the antlerens range in
wreel hth from the nine-pond racer to a
wheel for rough use, which weigh.
fourteen pout nd a
Ihthe cUt scntoo In the outcome of
the Inre ntor'he dr uaner oes a p
Dane, resding In England, and he has
been a wheatman for twenty years.
o idea wnea to enoy the comfort of a
compliahed by the u of ilk astrilnga
on which the saddle rwests
. rst o the frame oby a pivot on nection
a the top and by a strong pivot hinge
at the poirnt rhown in thoe cut jnst
where th loer part of e o the frame
dt e, with the cranl hanger goes uph
to a point near the top of the front
or e Thrs connection giter the wma
eot a sensitie steerIng device.
Cd e offee aed wine
A Mrilat-rsvorie lon aonstacteo . Ch
Sthe great Frenchmen Buffon and Vol
tn e drank ermous quant otes of
w l to-.their deadly hurt; hen by
aredus thathat pioa mLghtotalr. two
bottles of wine a day without N njuya
8< dburng a long life, but that by a almllar
iotrdenat.e u-n of tea and ofee is now
gerous than that of alcohol. Dr. Al
Its WI
the Rapid Blse in the World Made by Th'
John Hall Raymond, the New Presi- far fr
dent of the University of West Virginia- chrisi
A Romantic Career. cover
From a newsboy selling papers on amon
the corners of Chicago's crowded sides
downtown streets to the presidency lover
of a state university, all within twenty unqu
years, is a rapid rise in the world. bless
Yet such is the progress of John Hall the ti
Raymond, who last year was called cans
from a professorship of sociology in mont
the University of Wisconsin to the snow
head of the University of West Vir- It
inia. Moreover, he is the youngest thins
president of a university in the United thPas
States. froze
The way in which Mr. Raymond or se
wrung success from adverse circum- theso
stances is an interesting story of per- lawil
severance. He was only two years Ti
old when his parents moved to Chi- abou
cago. His education was meagre,
being acquired at uncertain intervals InOe
in the Englewood public schools. In higcea
his early teens he sold newspapers on igh
a downtown corner. The average boy goes
I of progressive tendencies would look dw
with satisfaction toward a commercial of
Scareer, but Raymond had little N
thought of such a life. At fifteen he
was editor of Philately, a paper de- Sel
Svoted to the interests of the postage tast'
stamp collector. This journal circu- ont
lated throughout the United States, able
and even found its way to foreign that
countries. est
Meanwhile Raymond put in his he
spare time learning stenography. He phe
ifted to Pullman, and when only the,
nineteen had risen from office boy to F
a position which brought him $1000 a
year. There is reason to believe cme
e that, if he had chosen to continue in anis
the line of work laid out for him at rive
Pullman, a few years would have sun
e brought him to a position assuring sun
e large means and great responsibility.
But against the advice of his friends goh
e he threw up his prospects and went ant
r- to Evanston, where in two summers fant
and one winter he completed all the w
e- work usually included in a four years dew
r preparatory course, and passed with
n- ease the entrance examinations to the wh
k College of Liberal Arts. All this time wi
a be was earning his living by stenog- caw
.raphy. In addition to paying his own c
expenses and carrying on his studies cap
he supported his mother. He entered cli
college in 1889, remaining until the
n- winter of 1890. mi
While Raymond was in his sopho- wh
more year he made the acquaintance
of Bishop J. M. Thoburn, who has ape
charge of the work of the Methodist tak
Episcopal Church in India. The
ed bishop was writing a book on life in ma
ad India, and was so taken with the ag1
eh young man that he engaged him for
air two years as traveling secretary. They p
s. went to India by way of the Suez a
or Canal, touching at different points in a
)t Europe, and at every stopping place
r- Raymond made the most of his op
ad portunities for study. Here he was soy
ids enjoying opportunities for travel sel- of
L!: dom granted to men of his age who foi
he are not in easy circumstances, work
ing at an appointed task with sufficient it
energy to satisfy the call of duty to th
any less clamorous conscience, and yet th
as he was carrying on all the work of his ne
,ollege classes by private study and
is oranching out to regain unrequired isl
er but desired knowledge. Ir
in In India Mr. Raymond devoted m
or, himself to Sanscrit. He returned to g
w.. Chicago by way of China and Japan in
.- he winter of 1892, and took the ex
aminations with his college classes. la
One term of his senior year remained, al
but his work was so far in advance v
'hat he was excused from attendance tr
at classes. The spring term he passed
as traveling secretary for George M. b
Pullman, returned to Evanston in time
to receive his diploma and to partici- p
pate in the Kirk oratorical contest. It
is curious that in this contest he was b
defeated by the young woman who af
terward became his wife, Miss Net- i
tie Hunt of Aurora, Ill. Miss Hunt
was one of the brightest of the young i
women whose names form a list of
alumnme highly creditable to North
western University. Her engagement
to Raymond began duringtheir college t
-ourse, and they were married in 1895, b
ma- before he accepted his call to the Uni
Sis versity of Wisconsin.
In After graduation Mr. Raymond's
:oa rise was rapid. The first year he
ghs served as secretary of the Society for n
University Extension in Chicago, and i
,aof ';he following year became professor i
per- of political economy at Lawrence uni
Is a versity, Appleton, Wis. A course of
has lectures delivered by him at Chautan
er. qua the following summer attracted
of a ;he attention of President Harper of
ac. the University of Chicago, and the
Ings aext winter saw Raymond as secretary
and lecturer in the class study work
the of the university extension department
ilon of the Chicago institution. His ability
Inge as an organizer was here brought into
Just play. In one year he raised the num
bme ber of classes from ten to fifty, and in c
a up three months increased the member
ront ship from 200 to 1000. He received i
ma. the degree of doctor of philosophy t
from the University of Chicago in 1885.
Before that he had been called by I
that President Charles Kendall Adams to
Vol- the professorship of sociology in the
ot University of Wisconsin, a position
i e which he has since filled with rare so- 1
two ceptability.
jr His next step as the president of
nlar the University of West Virginia will
ome demonstrate whatcanbe accomplished
The by a young man of push and ambition
now opposed by the stubborn fact of pov
n bl erty.-Chicago Tribune.
Al- Male's Slate Indaustry.
has The slate industry of- Maine is con
that I fned to Piscataquis county, the most
important quarries being situated at
Blanchard, Monson and Brownville.
The greater part of the oitput is
turned out as rooffing slate, but man
tels, hearthstones, bathtubs, tables,
blackboards, etc., are also manufao
tured. The rock is generally quarried
in blocks from 1 to 3 feet thick, and 2
to 6 feet square. The waste rock is
sold to contractors for building foun
dations, etc.-Engineering and Min
ing Journal.
James F. Baboock, the inventor of
the fire-extinguisher bearing his name,
has just dled at his hobe in Dorebes
Its Waters Warm in Winter and Cold in
Summer. PHILOS(
The richly laden placers of the
Klondike are by no means the only
things marvellous about Alaska.
There is a lake up there, not very .he nod
far from Dawson City,which has been cumul
christened Lake Selawik by its dis- thing'
coverer, 'Father Tossi, a missionary other
among the native Alaskan, which, be
sides being interesting to the wonder
lovers who are staying at home, will Here
unquestionably prove a wonderful I be
blessing during the coming winter to knowle
the thousands of gold-seeking Ameri- man .h
cans who have never passed an eight- one an(
months winter amidst real ice and the res
snow. and ini
It is generally supposed that every- for the
thing within the Arctic circle freezes of man
up seven or eight months in the year, rally a
that the rivers and lakes are completey and ha
frozen over, and that the fishes die off his lasi
or seek other waters. But none of "I hay
these things are true of Lake Se- great r
lawik. one dii
This lake is sixty miles long and he had
about fifteen miles in width. It has the do
no evident communication with the and ex
ocean, yet when the ocean is at its kitten:
high tide on the shores of Alaska, up for the
goes the water of Lake Selawik, and It mut
when the tide of the ocean goes out, like tl
down comes the height of the waters If onl
of the lake. come
e Notwithstanding this sympathy with away.
ocean waters, the water of Lake I
Selawik is fresh at all times, and it learnt
tastes like the sparkling spring water mind
on the farm. But the most remark- who
n able feature of this- lake is the fact knowl
that it never freezes over in the cold- "I h
est weather, and the colder the atmos- other,
phere in its neighborhood becomes, the ci
the warmer its waters seem to be- Yes,
y come. the of
For this reason, Lake Selawik be- any
comes a kind of Mecca in winter was
n time for all kinds of fishes and water absor
animals which are found in the various I
rivers that pour into the lake during cause
summer. The waters of the lake ing h
swarm with fish, and the improvident asked
gold seeker from the United States, an ca
it who has failed to strike that "pile" he work
rs anticipated, and who, owing to the out a
fabulous prices of eatables in Alaska in bark
rs winter, would otherwise starve to the li
th death, has only to borrow a sled and a how
1e couple of dogs and goover to Selawik, draw
e where, in a couple of hours, he can kill !ooki
with a boat hook more salmon than he see
g- can cut in a fortnight, for after the boys,
es capture of the fish the excessively cold ill t
ad climate keeps them frozen until they borh
he are ready to be eaten. ^aref
Lake Selawik will also relieve the end
0- miners frh* the disagreeable necessity here
which they contemplate at present, of ,his
spending the whole winter without peop
ist taking a bath. The water in winter here
he is of just the right temperature to and
in make bathing both wholesome and 5esu
he agreeable. ar,
for It would not be surprising after the Eug'
present gold rush has subsided to see .nd
e a city of considerable size grow up that
in around delightful Lake Selawik. tons
Hawaiian Codffe. oy
- It is not generally known that very utr.
soon there will be a big annual supply has
el- of coffee from the Hawaiian Islands Th
ho for the markets of the world, and this
rk- when the product begins to be shipped and
ant it will grow in a geometrical ratio as
the new trees come to maturity and as eo
yet the old ones increase in productive- tuc
ud ness. tan;
nd One of the best informed men in the kng
islands on the coffee question is W. G. nor
Irwin, who is now spending a few
ed months in this city on a vacation. ing
Speaking on the subject a few days thel
in ago, he said: thei
ex- "It is wonderful how the crown
es lands fit for coffee have been taken up to s
ed, all along the road from Hilo to the 15
nce Volcano House up in the lava dis- the
ce tricts. It has been found that the
ed open spaces or open lands are even
M. better than the dense forests that con
were at first cleared for the coffee I'"
c"- plantations, and there must be fully he
five thousand good acres for the hus- for
as bandry still available. It is not a m
Sgood thing for men with no money to t
t embark in, for they are sure to fail. ou
ntA man who goes to the islands to go
ng into the coffee business ought to have c
Senough money to pay for clearing his ho
th-lands, and this will cost about 840 an thi
Lent acre. The planter then wants enough th
ge to live on for five years until his crop
bears, and enough to pay the interest ar
ni- on his investment, for if he comes
with only a few hundred dollars he is gr
s sure to fail in his undertaking. n
he "I suppose there is fully $2,000,000 lo
for now invested in coffee on all the t
ad islands, and a great deal more capital t
sor is seeking investment. There is a
ani- two story mill in Honolulu for clean- H
ing the berries and sorting them into th
s- pearl, extra prime,priie and cullings.
e Things of this character will develop
of more and more as time runs on. It
the will not be long until more people are
y engaged in coffee than in any other TI
O ek enterprise on the islands.--New York T
into Indian Arrow Heads Getting Scarce.
um- "Indian arfow heads, which were Tl
I in once so plentiful, being found in many
ber- places in large quantities, are becom- At
ved ing very scarce and valuable," volun
phy teered a scientist to a Star reporter.
.885. "There was a time when they had but fr
d by little or no value, but the enormous fo
Sto quantities of them exhibited in the le
the numerous museums in this country qi
ition and the world, has almost consumed t
so- the stock to be found. It is a lost
art among the Indians, and I doubt it bl
nt of there is an Indian now alive who can
will make an arrow head. They were
shed made of the various flints, mostly of 11
ition white flints, though in some sections cl
pov- the Indians were forc3d to use a yel- Ic
low or pink-stained flint. Arrow
heads of the latter colored flint now tr
sell at wholesale from $-2.50 to $3 per c
on- dozen, the ordinary white flint arrow w
most heads now commanding $1 to $1.5011
id at per dozen when the specimens are 11
rille. carefully made. In the ~orn fields of ti
Int is Fairfax county, Va., quite a number b
man- have been found during the corn o
bles, planting this season, but they are ¶
ufao- bought up as readily as they can be b
rried had."-Washington Star.
and 2 --- tj
ik is Lesd aud Apples Bring Prosperity.
foun- Along with the signs of prosperity .
Min- from other sections comes the report g
from Carthage, Mo., that lead depos
its of saufilcient richness have been c
tor of found there to give employment to ii
ame, quite a number of men. Then, too, t
rhes- aeording to estimates made at Car.
*lre thage, early apples alone will bring in t
$.OOO to thie ismrenmqu that isoin. I
and tl
ter's C
by a 1
The Boys Should Be Obeervant and As. but it
cumulate a Little Knowledge of Every. life ii
thing They See Around sad About Then. some
Other Topics. then
Here is a letter for the boys. garde
I believe that even an imperfect plant
knowledge of many callings renders a man',
man .happier than perfection in any 1,700
one and comparative ignorance of all Sti
the rest. Great scientists, discoverers alone
and inventors seem to be necessary wiser
for the world's progress and the good Find
of mankind, but their work is gene- weig
rally at the expense of their health what
and happiness. Sir Isaac Newton in roun
his last days exclaimed with a sigh, and
"I have made a slave of myself." His feath
great mind was always on a strain in It
one direction. It is said of him that Fran
he had a hole cut in the lower part of some
the door for his favorite cat to enter fact
and exit, and when she had a pair of him
kittens he had two smaller holes cut Fran
for them. The mind is like the body. est c
It must have a variety of food. It is to a
like the muscles in the arms or legs. ran i
If only one set are used the others be- whel
come weak and will gradually perish a y.
away. bore
I was talking not long ago to a read
learned judge, a man of fine judicial men
mind and literary attainments, but ish I
who acknowledged his very limited Phil
knowledge of nature and nature's laws. of al
"I hardly know one tree from an- aeel
other," said he," excepting, of course, ciet;
the chestnut, hickory nut and walnut. vani
Yes, of course, I know the pine and ligh
the oak. Indeed I have never had kite
any occasion to know more, for I \
was raised in town and books have -B
absorbed me."
I was ruminating about this be- I't
I cause our little girl's mother is teach- The
3 ing her to draw and to paint, and I
asked her to draw me a chestnut tree,
an cak tree and a maple tree. She is Aee
e working on them now and has to go fee
out and look at them and examine the tho
Shbark on the trunk, and the shape of thr
the limbs and the leaves. I wonder
how many boys and girls can onl
iraw a hickory leaf without tif
1 l'ooking at one. I should like to tif
e Dee their specimens. Thousands of est
e boys, especially country boys, know t
d all the common trees of their neigh
Y borhood, but it requires close and cal
mareful observation to describe them Ol
me and point out the difference. Now
1 here are ten different kinds of oaks in p
'f is country, but very few town raised 3
it eople can name half of them. Then
r ,here are different kinds of hickories
to and pines and ash and elm trees,
Id esides the hackberry, box elder, pop
'ar, beech, locust and cottonwood.
ie Eugene Le Hardy was a very learned
3e md scientific Frenchman, but thought
p that American cotton grew on the cot
,onwood trees and that we gathered it
by using ladders. It is said that a
.Ir. Jackson, of Atlanta, is trying to
T lutroduce the ladder kind now, and
has got the trees up to 14 feet high.
The study of the trees and shrubs of
ed this southern country is a delightful
and instructive recreation for young
as people, and I wish they would pay
nore attention to it. Of course this
study requires some knowledge of bo
he tany, but that is easily acquired. This
kind of knowledge is more useful and
mnore comforting than a college smatter
ing of calculus and conic sections and
rhetoric and logic. I do not believe
there are ten men in Bartow county
wn who would know ginseng if they were
p to see it. Not many more know what
he is father graybeard or white ash, F1
the medicinal shrub from which old
A. Q. Simmons first made the original ii
en Simmons liver medicine in Gwinnett s
,at county. I know about that, for when I
ee [ was a young merchant I sold the first I
he ever made and continued to sell it
Sfor him for several years and he told 3
t me.what it was made of. I think,
t thoagh, that father graybeard gave ,
out about the time the old man died.
I wish that our young people would
go acquire habits of observing things t
Smore closely as they journey along
an through life. Some people see every
gh thing and some see nothing hardly.
SWhen should trees be cut down that
o are wanted for wood? What kind of
nea wood is the strongest and will bear the
ais greatest burden? What kind is the
mnost elastic? What kind the hardest I
000to split? What kind will last the
the longest in the ground? What kind
most suitable for pianos, chairs, furni
tal ture or wainscoting? What kind for
sa mauls or wedges or canes? Dr. Oliver
n- Holmes must have studied all about
nto these when he wrote the "One Hoess
s. Shay."
"8o the deacon inquired of the village folk
are Where he could find the strongest oak
her That couldp't be split nor bent nor broke;
ork That was for spokes and floor and sills;
He sent for lancewood to make the thills;
The crossbars were ash from straightest
ere The panels were white wood that cuts like
any cheese;
om- And the hubs of logs from the settler's
lun- em."
ter. But perhaps Dr. Holmes got it all
but from some old honest wagon maker,
ious for they know. I'll bet that Mr. Brad
the ley, of our town, can answer every
utry question. The boys ought to find out
med that black locust and chestnut and
ost osage orange make the best poets, and
bt if black gum the best hubs, and persim
can mon the best wedges or gluts, and sas
ere safras the best bows, and white oak
of the best baskets. In England it is
ons claimed that a yew tree post will last
yel- longer than an iron one. The boys
row ought to know that the barks of all
tow trees are nonconductors of heat and
per cold and keep them cool in summer and
row warm in winter,and the green leaves are
1.50 the lungs that inhale the carbon from
are the air and not only make wood for the
s of tree, but purify the atmosphere that we
aber breathe. And hence every habitation
corn oughnt to ~have some trees about it.
are The boys ought to know about those
Sbe beantiful islands in the sea that are of
coral formation and kept growing un
til they got above the water, and then
some cocoanuts came floating along
rity and lodged there and sprouted and
epo grew and the leaves of the trees fell
epos- and rotted and made a soil for more
been cocoanuts, andm n course of time the
t to island became a paradise. That is the
too, testimony of the rocks. The boys
Car should watch the little goesomer bell
g in that float waa7 in the ar fromlthe wete
tSlau little AdaeAioren plant, [email protected]'ilht and
of them to weigh an ounce and el a
the seeds are there for more plants,
and they are wrapped, as it were, in a deny
blanket to protec them from the win- vi"w
ter's cold. So it is with the seed of dep
the Scotch thistle that is blown about gm
by a breath of air like it was nothing, dame
but it has the germ, the embryo of
life in it, and will find a lodging place
somewhere and sleep until spring, and AI
then make no mistake. It will not
come up a dandelion, but will surely a
make a thistle. In the horticultural potlo
gardens at London are raspberry thief
plants that came from seed found in a me
man's stomach who had been buried
1,700 years.
Study nature a little as you go To
along, boys, and it will make you fade
wiser and better and happier men.
Find out why it is that a dead bird wa
weighs more than a live one and by fay
what force or power a buzzard can sail thin
round and round in the air above you to d
and never bat a wing nor wave a Ing d
feather. thus
It isn't every boy that can be a Ben
Franklin, but every boy can learn
something every day, and even one
fact a day will in course of time make "'I
him a wise man. What a boy was ican
Franklin! What a man! The young- by
est of seventeen children, apprenticed Glai
to a candle maker, next to a printer; lan
ran away from Boston to Philadelphia can
when seventeen years old and hired to the
a Mr. Read and fell in love with De- I sI
borah, his daughter; was never idle; hire
read and studied in every leisure mo- con
1 ment; mastered French, Italian, Span- wer
t ish and Latin; became postmaster of and
1 Philadelphia, then postmaster general ara
of all the colonies; esfablished the Phil- can
- elpifma lbraty, the Philosophical So- exe
ciety and the University of Pennsyl- on
vania, and not long after he drew his
I lightning down from heaven with a wh
d kite and a string and a key. Ie
I What a man he was! What a boy! uni
e -BILr Anr. in Atlanta Constitution. get
The New Congresmsoaal Library and a cal
* Brief Review of Its History. An
A total floor space of 327,607 square on
feet, almost eight acres. Four hundred An
thousand cubic feet of granite. Forty- Lde
three miles of shelves. These figures
furnish an idea of the megnitude of th
the new library of Congress. It is not
It only enormous but imposing and beau
tiful. It is conceded to be the grand
est in the world. th
The library of Congress was founded mi
ten years after the United States be- a
came a nation. It began with a $3,000 ta
m appropriation for books and one room fo
m set apart in the Capitol. Its annual ap- th
i propriation was $450. In fourteen he
years 3,000 books had been accumulat- ns
ed. Then came the destruction of the A:
en al
es. tl
Id. di
ed vi
ht Lb r a ei
At- /
it I
of o
ful s
,aya) .
his t
bo- 0 a
his t
:er- I
and I
eve 0 o n
Figure delgned for the dome of the Congreo
the sbonal Library at Washingtofn
nal library in 1814 by the Briftish. A new
uett start was made the next year with 6,
hen 700 books purchased for $2,050 from
s1 i p er.0n0 books in the librar. Ot these
ink, masDaothe sameyer. In 85dthere
oave were 20,000 books. The forty-two miles
ied. of shelves were built to accommodate
uld the 800.000 volumes now comprising
ings the libirry.
long Nine years ago work on the new
ery- building was commenced under the
dly. superintendence of the late Thomas
that Lincoln Casey, whose death occurred
id of too soon for him to witness the triumph
the of his skill. The building is now com
de pleted. It covers one block of ground
the and cost $6,000,000. It has not a dark
k corner in it. so skillfully have innetr
ind courts been placed, aided by 1,800 win
tirn dows. A vast and graceful pile in
oiver granite and marble. Without and
bout within the finest achievements of con
bo temporary sculptors and painters. The
new Library of Congress stands 'fore
mgst among the buildings of the worhd
folk designed for similar uses.
ke; tGiving Away Brides.
Among the novel means by which
5 some people of Lodlon subsist is that
yhtest of giving away brldee at the altar. The
customw has grown to considerable pro
ts like portions of late, and a member of a
trm of fashionable costumers, in speak
ttler's ing of it recently, said: "You, of
course, recognize the fact that in thIs
it all great city are scores of hard-workinl
aker, girls who are miles away from their
rad- relations and who have always been
ivery too busy to cultivate many friends.
d out Well, when these girls are about to
and marry youag fellows who are similar
Sand ly circumstanced the question arises as
raim- to who shall give away the bride.
1 sp- "I can answer that question for them
e oak at once, for I have connected with my
it is business an ex-major in the army, a
Slast member of an ancient family and a
boys man, too, of unimpeachable character.
>f all iHe is poor. but he dresses well, has
tand beautiful white hair and looks the
rand kLidly falher to perfection. I intro
es are dce him to the bride ad bridemroom,
from and he, for a moderate fee. gives tihe
r the former away. Sometimes he takes the
tatwe whole arrangements of a breakfast and
lition so on ulpon himself, and he is a fine
at it. speaker en occasion. H1e is always a
tthose welco guesgt with these pehle after
are of ward."
u n- isacK-Actlng Excavator.
thIthen In an improvel steam shovel or ex
along cavator the shovel instead of being
I and thrust from the car of the machine in
as fell digging or taking up a load is moved
a re toward the nachine, which is thereby
a the particularly well adapted for places
where the surface to be removed is
' underlaid by ground too soff to 84
swct port the weight of the machine after
the sarface-li 1amoved, as the CAM C8
traveu ia advsate of the WO9t
j "1e =IpMw (> .l) Nepu biean thus I
jets an erring contemporary right: "We C
deny the allegation made by an e-. to
vious exchange that the IEmpora fire at
department was burned out while the of
Bremen were playing 'seven-up.' The in
game was 'high-five.'" Let the truth thi
of history be preserved. the
SnakLe Steals Es. ggsn
A Deering, Me., farmer, who had lost
a grest many eggs through the depre- u
dations of some unknown visitor to h% we
poultry yards, at last discovered the ill
thief to be a monstrous milk adder, 10
measuring thirty-npie Inches in length. b
new to Laundry Fsmey LImes.
To wash embroidered linens so as not to TI
fade the colors, fill a tub halt full of warm
water, to which add a little Ivory Soap.
Wash each piece through the suds care- be
fully, rinse in blue water, to which a little in
thin starch is added. Hang in the shade tic
to dry. Iron on the wrong side, press- at
ing down heavily to bring out the stitches, ju
thus restoring their original beauty. TI
ELIA B. Pauxza. e
The Wife Ito Russia.
"This is a curious custom you Amerl t
Slecans have of referring to your wive
by their husbands' names," observed I
i Glanvock Kaplon, an intelligent Rus i
elan traveler. "I suppose the Ameri.
can holds his wife in as high esteem as i
0 the Russian holds his, but itf at home, 1
I should speak of my better half as
; rs. Kaplon my friends would at once b
- conclude that my domestic relations.
t- were not as pleasant as they should be, i
)f and that I was thinking of a legal se> e
It aration. When I first heard an Ameri
1- can speak of his wife as Mrs. Jones, fol e
- example, I felt almost like presuming s
on my acquaintance by intruding inte
w his private affairs and asking him
a what the trouble was at home. Yet
I soon learned that the custom was
v! universal over here, but still I cannot
1. get used to it. 'My wife' is the plain,
blunt way I speak in Russia of the
lady who, I suppose, I would have to.
call Mrs. Kaplon in polite society in
America. In some of the more fash.
rlonable circles of St. Petersburg this
e American social custom has been
adopted, though I was told by a promi
nent government official not long ago
of that the Czar disapproved of it"--St,
Louis Republic.
u. Oldest German'Newspaper.
d. The Magdeburg Gazette, probably
the oldest newspaper in Germany, last
ad month celebrated its 250th anniver
)e- eary. It is still conducted by represen
00 tatives of the Faber family, which
,m founded it in 1647, Just at the close of
Lp- the Thirty Years' War. The present
en heads of the venerable Journalistic dy.
t- nasty are the two brothers, Robert and
he Alexander Faber, perpetuating a line
almost a century and a half older than
that which rules over the London
Times, the greatest itf not the oldest of
newspapers. Magdeburg took on the
decorations of holiday in honor of its
venerable Gazette, which well desers.
ed them.
Is a beautiful possession. If a woman owns
one, and if a single pearl drops off the string,
she makes haste to find and restore it.
Good health is a more valuable possession
than a necklace of the most beautiful pearls,
yet one by one the jewels of health slip away,
and women seem indifferent until it is almost
too late, and they cannot be restored.
To die before you are really old is to suffer
premature death, and that is a sin. It is a sin
because it is the result of repeated violations
of nature's laws.
Pain, lassitude and weariness, inability to
sleep, dreadful dreams, starting violently from
sleep, are all symptoms of nerve trouble.
You cannot have nerve trouble and keep 1
your health. In ninety-nine cases out of a
hundred the womb, the ovaries and the bladder
are affected. They are not vital organs, hence
they give out soonest.
Mrs. Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound, by building up the nerves and restoring woman's
organism to its natural state, relieves all these trouble
some uterine symptoms. In conflination of this we, by
permission, refer to the followin'g women, all of
whom speak from experience: Miss CELIA VAN
SIloan, 1912 Sharswood St., Philadelphia, Pa.; Miss
GRACE COLL.ORD, 1434 Eastern Ave., Cincinnati, O.;
Mas. NEWELL, 50 Ryerson St., Brooklyn, N. Y.;.Mes.
IsABEL OBEBG, 220 Chestnut St., Woburn, Mass.,
MRS. A. H. COLE, New Rochelle, N. Y., and many
For special symptoms Mrs. Pinkham has prepared a
Sanative Wash, which will cure local troubles. Give these
medicines a trial.
Write to Mrs. Pinkham, Lynn, Mass., if you are not quite
satisfied; you can address private questions to a woman.
os rady for distribution. It has over
y00 14,000 lllnsCtratons, and more
th ,000 descriptions with prices. In
Sorlerl~ from u yon have isll.lon
4 Dollar Stock of Goods to select from.
If Goods are met as Represeated.
Send Fifteen Cents to partly p poe
tagpo or exprosao and we _wll send
you a copy of our GeneDfa Cat.ajlou
and Buyers' Guide.
The Great Mail Order House
III to 1lO Michigan Avenue. CHICAGO
IP LY t introduce one bright, new Mx
S M sene, it will be sont free four
.onths to all who enlose four one cent t a.mps to
payexpense. 8lEASIDE VISITOR. Machis, s.Maine.
The soldier, ittizen and ehristian hero. A great sew
book Just redy., givin life anrd ancet. A mooe?
maker. Local and travelinz agents ý hoIOnlVA
PUBLISHING CO.. 11 and s, ichnondV.
au Csris n Geld Ute' Slack h· r e O ae
K *3DB caF as tsav wrap
U R UNK '- " "
D .i.. o the dk hab.blt. Writ4
RasoVA Cd.sKaML Co., of
V.N..U..... ............. 41-97
Numbemer o loer1 S OCadtiala
Cardinal di Rende's death, according
to the Tablet, Bas made the number
af foret l Cardlnab gretter than that
of the Itallan for the second time with.
in twelve months. There are now
thirty-one of the former to thirty of
the latter, a state of things which, un
til within a few years, had not oc.
eurred for many centuries. -
Tins ls'tne season of the year when
we would rather have the moth eat up
slU the woolen goods in the house, than
go down town in the sun for casnphol
balls. . -..-.
The Newly Appointed Lord Justice of
Appeal in Ireland.
Mr. Justice Holmes, who has just
been appointed Lord Justice of Appeal
In Ireland, succeeds the late Lord Jus
tice Barry. He is said to be one of the
ablest lawyers and most learned
judges on the bench of Great Britain.
The new Irish judge of appeal is 57
years old. He is a native Irishman,
who was educated in the dingy old
halls of Dublin University, and took
the law course in a class of several
young men who have since become
famous as barristers and sharp-witted
lawyers in Dublin and elsewhere. He
was called to the bar at the King's Inn
In 1865, and became a bencher in 187a
It was not until 1885 that he became
a queen's counsel. Ills talents rapidly
brought him to the surface of the legal
swim in his native city. From 1877 to
1880 he filled the post of Solicitor Gen.
eral for Ireland. From June, 1885, to
January, 1886, he was Attorney Gen"
eral for Ireland. Then Mr. Holmes
stood for parliament as the represents.
tire of Dublin University, and was
elected. He sat for that interest fron
V 1885 to 1888. In the latter year he was
made a justice of the Queen's Bench
fle or Ireland. Among other offices he has
Sfilled is that of privy councillor, to
wf hich he was appointed in 1885. Jus
r tice Holmes is not a severe judge, and
ts can unbend to enjoy a joke on counsel,
or even on the court, when the oppoz
tunity presents itself.
De Leon, Tex., writes: I Lm
a widow, and can strongly
recommend Dr. M. A. Sim.
mons Liver Medicine, iI
having Saved my Life 6
years ago, when I was down
with Liver Complaint and
Kidney Disease. I think
it a farbetter medicine than
that made by "Zelln" and
"Black Draught."
Duig the period of gestation the tensiot
upon the muscles and ligaments of the
womb is gsreatly Increased and the blood
vessels are taxed to their utmost. 11 there
is any tendency to uneasiness or pain, we
recommend frequent walrm injetonsfl oft
our Mexican Female Remdy and twoor
three doses, every dsay of Dr. tbsonmo
Squaw Vine Wine. This treatment will
strengthen the ligaments, will assist in
holding the utetus in place, lesen pain.,
make the uterus more pliable lai. elastic,
and prepare the organs for the final effort.
It also lessens the danger of death to child
nd mother,anld frtifles her agains liasility
to eonvulsions, flading d other danger
ons symptom. and with rdinsry prudeenc
guaratees a rapid recovery.
Cele st. Tex., says: Dr.
3. A. Simmons Liver
"Medicine s the best in the
world for Illlousneus,
Indigestion and Torpid
Liver. Have used It 10
ar and reommend it to
and they all
praise it I think there i
uas mucnh diferenoe be.
tween It and -Zetlln's" and
"hedfod'" as between
day and ntsht
etiati s .cola.. I aifese
f sml erus.a o ne d htoeoe
rthe mil- d i»e laros wn
the face looks Bice s, ue . ws
Fire  Ss1e

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