OCR Interpretation

The Banner-Democrat. (Lake Providence, East Carroll Parish, La.) 1892-current, June 25, 1898, Image 1

Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064237/1898-06-25/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

- ': ; - -
-.i~ 6~(.
~- ttt
s~bt 4'
"Twas once well said, if thou be true, ha
Unto thyself as God to you, Je
It follows as the night the day, sol
Thou canst not then e'er falsely play
To anyone. So look you well, ]a
Let every act the truth foretell.
, Proclaim to all from sea to sea, pa
Let come what will, myself I'll bo.
Yes, be thyself, where'er thou art it.
In honesty act well thy part. an
Choose thou to do thy heart's command,
And fearlessly employ thy hand th
In building firm each friendship strong,
Avoid deceit, eschew the wrong,
In truthfulness make good thy name, at
And just and true shall be thy fame. [
-New World. at
N the whole of my th
long and eventful m
experience as a a
tracker of criminals fa
there is one failing wi
which has puzzled wi
me more than any in
other thing in con- ly
nection with the I
men whom 1 have
been fortunate y(
enough to hunt
down, and that is ax
the extreme carelessness shown by the or
cleverest of scoundrels. A man will I
plan out a crime with the utmost sub
tlety and ingenuity, providingfor well- ye
nigh every contingency, and altogether si
showing himself to be a Napoleon of tl
cri-minality; but all the same, by sheer ai
carelessness or want of foresight, he el
will leave one glaring obvious clew it
which brings his house of cards to the V
ground and delivers him into the u
clutches of the law. It is the history
of such a scheme, ruined by such an tI
oversight, that I will set down in the
lines that follow: f4
One morning I was instructed by
my chief at headquarters to go to the o
oftfie of Mr. John P:."nythorpe, in t4
Golden Square, to inquire into a forg- tl
ery ease. I at once took my steps to tl
the office named, and after a short de
lay was shown into Mr. Pennythorpe's h
room. y
He was a genial-looking, clean- t
shaven man of some thirty-five years,
and he rose to greet me with a smile.
"Good morning, Mr. Blake," he f,
said, as he motioned me to a chair. n
"I am glad that you have come so c
promptly, for there has been some v
bother over a check of mine."
I prepared to listen to the details,
and he continued: "Last Monday I
received from the' bank the usual paid a
checks, which the'arein the habit of u
returning to me every month. There t
were fifteen in all, most of them for
small sums. One of them, however, t
was for no less an amount than £500, v
and directly I looked at it I knew that n
it was a forgery. t'
"The signature and the body of the a
check were apparently in my own
handwriting, but as I had not drawn
anything like such a sum for months
past, I knew, of course, that the busi- t
ness was a fraud. I at once communi- t
cated with, the manager of the bank r
and also with Scotland Yard." f
"You seem unnecessarily agitated,"
I remnarked, after a pause, "for after t
all the bank, I presume, will bear the .
loss and not yourself. In the case of i
forgeries the bank is always liable.'
"Quite so, quite so," he returned. 1
"I myself do not lose a penny; but
what agitates me is the knowledge
that I must have a forger near me, 1
for nobody but a man intimate with
me could have so gauged the amount
of my account. It was just £550, so I
that after paying the amount of the
check only £50 remained.
The bank has treated me very hon
orably, and has written already to say
that my account has been credited
with the £500 in question. My inter
eat, therefore, in finding the forger is
purely from the point of view of jus
tice to the bahk. Doubtless if the 1
scoundrel is discovered immediately
some of the money may be refunded."
"No doubt," I returned, quietly,
"and now perhaps you will be good
enough to let me see the check, also
a check bearing your genuine signa
Be took from a drawer in his table
a couple of checks. "Here is the
forged document," he said, "and here
is a genuine one. Compare them and
you will detect absolutely no differ
No. There was no noticeable differ
ene. I scrutinized the forged cheek
with the aid of my glass, but the mag
nifying process elicited absolutely
"'This is the most strikingly clever
forgery that I have ever come across,"
I said, after a pause. "I-do not won
der that the bank people were de
"Nor 1~," he made answer, "for
upon my word I myself should have
been taken in by so extraordinary an
imitation. And now, if there are any
details I can give you which may be
serviceable, pray command me."
'"First of all,"I said, slowly, "I
shabould like to ask where you usually
keep your check book."
"I am safraid," heanswered, "hatt
I have been rather ireless is that rs
tse Its n place is in an ex
~sed poaitio~on thia4s mk."
- "Who has aesss to Is iroom?"
"I have only one clerk, ad he comes
and goes when he likes."
"Deoyou suspeet biat"
"My dear sir," he e tild, as hes
osem and peedekIe p U "it i. tin
peseibl for me b. He bha at.
j22jh~~L~ib ]mjaL
passbook with the returned checks. I pe.o
have always had Eo much confidence in thor
Jenkins that I have allowed him ab- sep
solute control of my bank business." race
"I see. Has he appeared to you heel
lately to be in want of money?" He rasl
paused for a moment, and then said: days
"Well, yes; now I come to think of I
it. Only a week ago he asked me for
an advance of salary." rem
"That may or may not mean any- mar
thing. Aman may be hard up and de- sist
sire an advance, and yet hesitate des,
about a deliberate forgery. Have I
you any of His writing that I can look tho
at?" tha
"Plerty. How will this suit you?"
He handed me a note from the clerk was
in which the latter made some un- sin
important communication. As I was hail
something of a graphologist, I thought gle
that doubtless the youth's calligraphy met
might give a clew to his character, but he
a shade of disappointment crossed my and
face as I scrutinized the letter. It
was the stereotyped "commercial hand his
which is the bugbear of the handwrit- qui
ing expert, and which gives absolute
ly no clew to the writer's tendencies. mo
I tossed the paper from nie, and said: am
"That won't help us a bit. Is the cau
young fellow here to-day?" she
"Oh, yes. I could'ring for him, ten
and you could have a look at him with- the
out his knowing your business. Shall 1
1I do so?" loo
He rang the bell, and a tall, thin
young fellow answered it. From a "7
r sign made by Mr. Pennythorpe Iknew
that this was the clerk in question, tra
r and I watched him narrowly while his By
a employer gave him some instructions me
r invented on the spur of the moment. bu
a When he was gone the other turnedto isi
me. yo
"Well," he asked, "what do you mn
think of him?"
e "He looks a simple, honest young W
fellow," I returned, as I rose to go; jut
y "but of course appearances are not ms
e often reliable. My next move will be I I
n to go down to the bank and interview
the cashier who paid the £500 over jul
o the bank counter." dr
Mr. Pennythorpe rose and held out
s his hand. "I am sure you will do qu
your best for all of us," he said, as I I
took my leave. at
Arrived at the bank, I had to wait a m1
8 few moments before I could see the W(
manager, as he was engaged with a
0 customer. At length, however, the as
e visitor departed and I was ushered ia
to his room.
b "Glad to see you,"hesaid,heartily. fr
I "I presume you have just come from m'
d Mr. Pennythorpe's office, as he wrote
us that he was communicating with
e Scotland Yard?" o0
r "Yes, I have seen Mr. Penny
, thorpe," I returned, "but the inter
1, view has elicited verylittle. He seems '
It much agitated about the loss, al- a8
though it is the bank's, I presume, T
e and not his."
S"Quite so," returned the manager,
u gloomily. "As you know, the law fo
6 provides that in case of forgery the a
i- bank and not the customer suffers. As th
- to the justice or injustice of that law I th
k will not speak now. Our object is to a
find the culprit."
"Which may be far more diffleult of
;r than you may think," I said. "I have n4
8e always found cases of this kind the d4
A hardest to unravel. At least fifty per 01
cent. of modern forgers are never hl
. brought to justice."
it "Let us hope," he replied, quickly, W
,e "that this case will belong to the other e'
, fifty." w
"h With all my heart," I said; "and cl
it now, if you will allow me, I; should g
10 like to have a chat with the cashier
ie who cashed the check in question,
which I have brought with me from
- Mr. Pennythorpe's office."
y The manager's face fell. "It is o0
d rather nnfortanate," he said, "but e:
r- Wilson, the clerk who paid over the a
is noney, is laid up just now with in- ti
a- fluenza. Still, you might go down to ti
le his house and interview him."
ly "What is his address?"I asked, I
" promptly. "I will go there without a
7, moment's delay."
d The clerk, it seemed, resided at e
o Clapham, and a few minutes l~ater I
- was hailing a cab outside the bank.
"Fern Villa, Melthorpe road, Clap
e haml" I cried, and presently we were
e bowling along in the direction of the o
e southwestern suburb.
ad After nearly three-quarters of an d
- fhour's drive, the cab turned into a d
shady street made up of tiny houses,
r- Fern Villa being the last on the right
k hand side. Here I alighted and rang
g- the bell; having previously told the
l cabman to await my return.
A small, white-faced woman, whom
r I took to be Mrs. Wilson, opened the
" door gingerly.
n- "'What can I do tir you, sir?" she
e- asked, timidly.
"Is Mr. Wilson able to receive a I
0 visitor?" I asked. "I have just come
*e from the London & Suburban Bank,
an the Manager of which plado tells me
ny be is laid up. My business is impor
be taut."
"The doctor is upatairs now, sir,"
"I alshe said, quietly, "but he won't be
ly long. Will you please walk in?" 1
Ientered the tiny parlor and sat
at down. Presently I heard steps on the
e- stairs, then a slam of the house door,
x- w'hioh led me to think that the phyt
eian had taken his leave. This was1
the case, as Mrs. Wilson appeared al
as most immediately and tafoedm4 me
Sthat, if I would walk up, her husband
would see me.
he "F"rom the bank, sir?" he -said,
a- i anxiously,as Iaentered. "Ihopenoth- 1
at . ing is wrong." -
e" "Nothing so far as you are oon
'?" esrnud, Mr. Wileon," T returned
me eheerily. "Ihare merely come to ask
aetys to be kht .ogto give us
I i l. ·p I a --ale ev ake
tad from 0.i*ud Ys$. Ir am giet to
to paodreen the 4oesebist 'pal:d
pounds and signed by John Penny,
thorpe, payable to 'Self,"' he ob
sered. "Yes, I have a very distinct
recollection of taking in this check,
because it happened to be the first I
iashed on my return from my holi
I brightened considerably. of
"That is exceedingly fortunate," I
remarked, "for youtr description of the o
man who cashed it may be of great as- the
sistance. I presume you are able to Br
describe him?"
He fell back and shut his eyes, as ho
though striving to aid his memory in ha
that manner. di
"Yes," he said, after a pause, "he
was a rather tall, thin man, of some
sixty years. He had a white beard, th
hair and mustache, and wore gold ha
glasses. His features, as far as I re
member, were commonplace. I think av
t he was dressed in a black frock coat co
r and he wore no gloves."
t "What makes you so certain about a
I his not wearing gloves?" I asked, ce
quickly. co
"Ah, that's the point which I am tw
more certain about than any other: I ad
am positive he wore no gloves, be
e cause I remember remarking how re
shockingly his finger-nails were bit
ten. There was hardly anything of ro
them." be
l1 I jumped up so suddenly that he
looked as though he thought me mad. TI
n "What's the matter?" he asked.
a "What's wrong?"
"Wrong!" I echoed. "On the con
i, trary; everything's as right as can be. wi
is By Jove-the blackguard! Excuse
is me 'taking a hasty leave, Mr. Wilson; ~'
t. but, really, I think your information
o is more than sufficient. Goodby. Hope
you'll soon be better; and thanks, very
u much."
Itnshing down the stairs, Ibade Mrs.
g Wilson a hasty good afternoon, and, tb
; jumping into my cab, ordered the
t man to drive back to the bank where
'e I had engaged him. cc
w Curiously enough, the manager was
ar just issuing from the building as we
drove up.
it "Mr. Venn," I said, speaking very wW
to quickly, "I think I have a clew. May
I I ask you to accompany me in this cab y
at once to follow the same up?"
He seemed rather surprised at my
a manner, but acquiesced without a
18 word.
a "Where are we going?" he asked,
as the eab drove off
a- "We are going," I answered, "to
Mr. Pennythorpe's office. We shall f
find our man there, unless I am very
m much mistaken."
e The cab set us down in Golden i
th Square in twenty minutes, and we at
once took our way to the room which o
I had quitted that morning.
r- Pennythorpe was seated writing as
we entered. He recognised the man
i- ager and wished him good afternoon.
Then he turned to me and said;
"Have you found a clew?",
"More than that," I cried. "I have
found the man. John Pennythorpe, I t
e arrest you, in the Queen's name, on
a the charge of attempting to defraud
I the London & Suburban Bank in the
to sum of £500."
In my time I have seen many cases
It of moral and physical collapse, but
ye never have I seen such an utter break- a
he down as took place in that little room
er on that afternoon. Pennythorpe i
er seemed to shrivel up-his face
blanched with terror-his eyes were f
well nigh glazed, his knees shook. If t
ever guilt, was written on his face, it
was written on his face then. He
ad clung to the table for support as he
Ild gasped out:
ier "The proof-what proof have you?"
on "Quite enough," I answered coolly; t
m "your disguise, Mr. Pennythorpe, i
which represented you as a dignified l
is old gentleman of sixty, was doubtless
ut exceedingly artistic, and would prob.
he ably have insured you against dete c
in- tion had you taken the simple precan- I
to tion of wearing gloves."
He looked rapidly at his hands, and 1
SI could see that he understoof all, and
Srealized the clew which had tracked
him. There was a long pause, at the
at end of whioh he turned to the manager,
Swho had stood a silent spectator of the
scene and said, brokenly:
"Mr. Venn, I admit the charge. I
r was atmy wits'end to know where to
he obtain a thousand pounds, and I hit
upon the idea of obtaining fivre huw
an dred by this trick, the other five huna
dred, of course, coming to me in the
es ordinary way. Iwrote and signed the
bh check, and, disguised beyond recogni
u tion, I cashed it at the baik.' There! I
the have confessed all now, and trust you
will not be too hard on a man who
om took a desperate step because his po
he sition was more desperate still." He
broke down and sobbed.
he The three of us then went to the po
lice station, where Pennythorpe was
a given into custody.
S The trial came on shortly afterward,
k but as the bank did not press the
me charge the prisoner esecped with a
g. light sentence. His cease is interest
ing in view of the fact that itfurnishes
S one more proof of the carelessness of
j the most ingenious criminals, for had
he taken the precautionto wear gloves
Son that fatal morning,the mysltey of the
the "forCged"chel on the fadon & 8ab
urban Bak would doubtless have re.
o asued termsy until h end el
me Isapte ea 13hs omaU r
ad Have yeo a qwafs, have * 3oj -
sa tie pains? trythe
says London ueth's Pins eeoie
on- spoeadet. 31. Cras. q dB elste5
ned she has eared herself af h d
ask by this very inezeastnm
isa , cAlaseoppera ea is a
in I
Eeonomloal Road Improvement. was
A tribute to the superior cheapness take
of good roads, even when made of two'
dirt, was paid by Captain Browne, road
one of the delegates to the Virginia was
Good BRoads convention in 1894. In time
the course of some remarks Captain is bt
Browne said: bear
"The question of good roads comes man;
home to me with great force, for I shar
have in Northampton County good tht
dirt roads to haul over, and in another need
county bad dirt roads. I put four amoi
carts, each one with a mule to it, on
the scales, and the loads which were
hauled over the Northampton roads
averaged 2466 pounds; in the other
county, 800 pounds is the universal d
load in delivering produce. In North- in i
ampton the tax for j oad purposes is ten
cents on the $100, and in the other
county, where the roads are bad, it is teen
twenty cents on $100 worth of prop- the
erty. This difference is owing to the thei
adoption of improved methods, which the
reduce cost and give much advan
ý Captain Browne's description of the tray
road equipment in Northampton may ou
be of interest to Kentucky farmers year
who are struggling with dirt roads. road
The county, he said, owned one road ordi
grader, plows, carts, hand implements, pro'
six mules, one superintendent for the a re
whole county, who employed five la-or r
borers and had a tent in which all wag
could shelter. The superintendent m
was directed to begin the worst roads m
first and to work in all parts of the mio
September 80 had made seventeen poli
and one-half miles of good road, pos
though the force had been idle way
twenty per cent. of the time owing to
the lack of teams. The highway T
e made cost only $55.17 a mile, but this (Col
could be reduced half by the purchase lust
r of foul more mules. The monthly of
expense was $175.75; the extra mules drat
would add $40 a month, but then wag
9 thirty-five miles could be made in a witl
year. The whole cutfit had cost $1,- dirt
011.24. The farmers had been very con
much pleased with the results and ma
y would not now adopt a different plan. T
In time Captain Browne hoped they ligh
, would get to macadamized roads. grb
It seems hardly worth while to be- con
to gin a campaign for better dirt roads on
when macadamised ones could be se- roar
cured with a little more effort. Still dec
every upward step counts. Communi- diti
ties which can not undertake exten- side
n sive improvements might combine this in
oh plan of working dirt roads with the in t
one adopted by Augusta County, Vir- sho
ginia. This: county was not in debt, son
and the people there, as in a great bee
nmany counties in Kentucky, were op- teal
posed to any issue of bonds. The lan
Board of Supervisors hit upon a con- in :
tractor who agreed to build the road firm
v and take a certain sum every year. It out
took nearly a year to build the road, in ,
on and he received his flrstpayment the 1
ad next year from the proceeds of a tax fare
he levy. The third year he was pai an- fro
other part and the fourth year all. fro
ie The county in the meantime had got mn
at sixteen miles of badly needed mac- in
- adam, and the farmers had then been on
Im convinced of the benefits of macadam- po
pe izing and were anxious to continue the far
we work. Many men who had at first re- liv
re fused to contribute to the building of pi
the road then offered to come in and
it contribute to an extension.-Louisville
e Courier-Journal. rm
Touehlag ste aid. me
L?" When public highways first began pa
ly; to receive attention their care was dele- ar
e, gated to those who lived along them, thi
led presumably on the principle that they soI
esn were chiefly interested in having-pas- se
b- sable roads. At a later period, as eu
so- towns and cities grew up, and travel Pr
u- increased over the highways with the to
development of commerce and the in- thl
nd terbhoage of commodities, the wear i
ad and tear became so great thatthe bur- th
ed den of keeping the main roads in re- at
the pair was too much to be borne by the th
r, inhabitants of the rural districts. ci
Mhe acaulay alluded to this fifty years
ago when he wrote his pictureeque aso
. i oount of the condition of England a
to hundred and fifty years before. Even 5
hit then the inadequacy and injustice of 50
nf the plan had bedbme apparent, and it w
an was gradually realized that a change of
the mustbemade. Maaulay esysof this: of
the '"One chief cause of the badness of a
mi* the roads seems to have been the de- m
elItfeotivoe stateof the law. Everih ti
onwas :bound to repair the bhways
rho which paused through it. The pes
p uantry was forced to give gratuitous
He labor six days in the year. If this was P
not sufleient, hired labor was em
p- ployed, and the expenuse ws met by a
ae parochial rate [locl taxi.
'QThat a route connecting two great to
d, towns, which have a large and thriv
the iog trade with maeh other shod b
ho ntained at the cost of the rural
ea population scattered between them, is
le obviously unjust; and this injustice 0
Swas peeallarly glaringl in the ease of a
hu the great North Bod, whicah travesd
,vc very poo and thinly inhabited h
'the Srots, san joined very rich and p
oab londistrieta. nedit wasu not ia
i of:dot towo a s r m by,
the ecuatant taM. bstwaes *.. Wet F
Ridaing of Teekstlre d Jamme m z
*This amight be mistsakes f a rdes
.p.l trsa Ls, ua ieJrilezitks..o ~lif a
Cie vhsr·UP).W ~ ~ Is~;~~3TrS1:~
S 1CL;~il~
¶T - ~ .·
The Highways of New J.erer.
Thirty years ago about the irse 81
macadam roads in the State were built 75
in Essex County, N. J. The work ast
was gradually extended, and was A
taken up by Union County, and these teem
two counties laid many miles of stone peao
roads before the system of State aid to
was inaugnrat. At the present p
time, nearly every bounty in the State
is building macadam roads. The State wor
bears one-third of the expense, but so lug
many applications are now made for a es_
share of the annual appropriation A
that the $100,000 appropriated will Fre
need to be raised to three times that
amount if the contemplated roads are by
to be built.
In 1891 the appropriation was $20,
000. In 1893 it was increased to $75,
000, but only $20,000 were spent. In pro
1894 four counties were building roads, Pop
and the whole appropriation was used; ng
in 1895 six counties were at work; in try,
1896 there were eight counties; in froi
1897 eleven counties, and now nine- 54i
teen out of the twenty-one counties in ma
the State have made application for he
their shares.
There are now so many miles of oce
stone roads in the State that it can be ligl
traversed in nearly all directions with- As
out leaving them. During the past pa
year the expense of building macadam wa
roads was considerably ,reduced. In the
order to preserve good roads and im- wo
prove bad ones, it is proposed to give the
a rebate of a dollar-and-a-half in taxes 7
for each wheel in habitual use on heavy ed
1 wagons whose tire is four inches or Uu
t more in breadth. wil
Under the law passed last year com- cot
missioners have determined the value de4
of some of the toll roads, and if the urn
policy is pursued the State will soon sal
possess nothing but free public high- to
eways. doi
Economy of Broad Trres. of
y The Missouri Experiment Station of
s (Columbia) recently published an il
B lustratgd -bulletin describing a series ra
r of interesting experiments on the Tb
s draught of broad and narrow tired pil
i wagon wheels. The tests were made lie
a with each kind on macadam,graveland as
dirt roads and on farm fields in all the
y conditions. The experimentsare sum- Hi
3 marized as follows: me
The broad tires pulled materially of
y lighter on the macadam streets and the wl
gravel roads; also on dirt roads in all of
- conditions, except when soft or sloppy
a on the surface, underlaid by hardm
º- roadbed, and when the mud was vera di
I deep and sticky. In both these etbn- e
i- ditions the narrow tires pulled eeoa I
s- siderably lighter. It should be borne t
s in mind, however, 'that the roads are tb
e in these conditions for a comparatively tb
r- short period of time, and this at sea- wI
b, sons when their use has naturally ft
it been reduced to the minimum. The tb
- tests on meadows, pastures, stubble in
0e land, corn land and ploughed ground ai
1- in every condition, from dry, hard and et
,d firm to very wet and soft, show, with- be
It out a single exoeption, a large saving N
1, in draft by the use of the broad tires. t
ie The bulk of the hauling done by the g
ix farmer is on the farm, in hauling feed
a- from the fields and hauling manure
11. from the barns, etc. -.The actul ton
nt nage hauled to market is inignifcant al
c- in comparison with that hauled about w
an on the farm, inasmch as a large pro- b
a- portion oftthe prodaucts of the average .
oe farm is sent to market in the form of w
e- live stock or its products.-Farm and T
of Fireside. a
d system in Rose xanssaaes. b
le No one has ever supposed that rail- t
road corporations spend money for the it
mere sake of spending it, or adopt ex
in pensive methods when eheaper ones
e- are better. It must be, then, that b
, there is some pretty substantial rea- n
ey son for dividing their roadbeds into a
a. sections, and keeping men constantly li
an employed on each in caring for them. ii
rel Precisely the same principle applies fl
he to ordinary highways; the only way
n. that they can be efficiently maintained
or is by -astablishing a similar system,and d
r the more expensive they are to con- C
re- struot, the greater the saving that wi U
he thereby be made, and ineresed eM
cienoy secured.
Good Has Build Tewas.
' Three years ago a little farmig
en settlement in New Jersey .a Inter- a
of seoted by good roads. The loeation
it was charming and invited the ereetion
ge of summer homes. With the advent
is: ofood highways, the residents came, I
of and a prosperous village grew up- '1
le- made possible solely by the construe- t
sh tion of hard and dnrabkle highways.
ma- rmus' chareab Dnesd4
1u Consul Listoe, of Botterdam, w
ras ported to the State Department in
in Washington tkat the charah frem
y which the Pilgrim Pathers departd e
in 1620 is in danger of being sold'anad
Storn down. It is the Mernrade I
iv kirke (Beformed Chaureh) t elI
bq en. Thepit altezand sme m
ra the Bibles aed b the Pirisre I
,is still in the churoh. Tof ch.ar re
SIe ord gives an aeeounnt of 4 departe
i ofthe lgri - The ea epr
us- asy not be abo to reetan 16
hy dins> Hire a es e
o aine ohanoeeor some
4 Spiral growth in plants is ones of the
Ii mysteries yet to be worked ot by
i naturalists.
i A huge eel of the Fiji Islands,
I teen Last long, if reported to have a
- peculiar throat formation, causing it
d to whistle when exeited.
SFreanoh Guiana is said to have the
.anost violent thunderstorms in the
' world. The thunder is almost deafen. TH
0 ing, and the peals come in quick sano I
A proposal hasU been made by a
French chemist to obtain easily as
t similable iron tonics from vegetables
by feeding the plats judiciously with
iron fertiliser.
The grhual cooling of France is
' proved by its vegetation. The Italian
,, poplar, common in early Freneh etch
. ing is now seldom seen in the coua
u try, while the lemon has disappeared
n from Languedoc and the orange from
j. Boussillon, and the northern limit of a
n many plant species has shifted far to
, the southward.
Ocean waves have on a number of
At occasions dashed over the tops ,of
ie lighthouses which are 150 feet high.
a- As a wave in the open ocean ia accom
st panied by a depression as deep as the
in wave is high, a ship in the trough of
[n the sea eneountering such waves
a. would be banked by hills of water, if
re theterm may be used, 800 feet high.
e The BRussian Government has deoid.
7 ed to adopt the metric system. The
or United States and the British Empire
will'thus soon be the only important "
-- countries which have not adopted the
•e decimal system of weights sad mnas
•e urea. An imperial commission has
)n also been appointed at St. Petersburg
h- to consider the best means of abas
doning the Russian calendar hi favor
of that which prevails in other parts
n of the civilized world.
il. Competition in the use of the- X
es rays seems impending in England.
ýe The Treasurer of St Thomas's Hos
,d pital, in London, has written to the
Is London Times protesting that where
ad as some beggarly fifty-seven ases of
ill the use of X-rays in the Liverpool
n- Hospital were considered worthy of
mention, no account had been takee
ly of the416 similar asses at St.Thomas's, ge
be which had involved the appointment
ll of an assistant operator.
P Three of the best New York aeoral
men testify that they would never uaw
27 der any cirenmstances reverse their
n- engines in order to bring the train to
. a stop. When they had to stop their
ne train nuthe shortest possible distan
are they shlt off the steam and appl
ly the air, and did nothing else; ther
5- was only one quicker way to stop a
Uy train, and that was to run into sade
he thing. They agreed that upon revers
le ing, the beak pressure in the eylinasr
ad was so great as to look the drivers mn
nd cause them to slide, thus losing the -
th- braking power of .the loeonotive.
11 Neither did they approve of sanding
v5. the tracks, for nothing seemed to be
Sgained by it...
re what leep s.
on- It was at one time supposed that in i
tnt sleep the brain was richly charged
ut with blood. This is now confessed to
ro- be an error. Sleep ensues when the
*gs brain is largely ,eended of blood,
of when cerebral anemia is established.
mad To partly empty the brain of its blood
supply, to keep the head cool, the
body sufiently warm, and to send
a.- the blood rather to the lower etnrsa
the ities-this is the physicale problem of
ex. the sleepness. a
ass During sleep a great number of *
hat bodily functions continue quite nor
ea- mal without interfering with sleep it
nto self, and, therefore, sleep is not so
tly like death as some of the poet haverr
m. imagined. Man asleep is not so pro-. JA
lies roundly different from man awake, s
ray the two chief points of difbarene, as
aed however, being these:. A greater in.
mad drawing of oxygen and ehalion of 00
on. earbonio acid and a complete valso
rill motor rest.
g With a heavy sleeper there shoald
be no thick curtains, but with a light
sleeper curtains are essential, as sun- o
ht plays upon the optie nerve mad
S~ ouses that attention which it is the
ter- one object of the sleeper to keep in
mion smupended animation.
in Perfect o nearjy perfet betbis
rent the tfirst condition of sound pi
,aBut searcely aly one i quitsie heliy.
The one great thing to do is t u
so the attention; not only tire o al th
body, but to fatig ba the seinl a
to quiet the vaso-motor and o
drive the congested blood from h
we- brain. -aiet and regular haP , a
i. ertainmonotony of light ve(OalOe
.o ebqtioa , will tend in this direetia~,
ads tiu cflneaiaati . It is tuoa~i
ilf to bed en either anseo sjr e~
one full stsmmack; saightapesn, d,
aI e qay e theisbae ab ror un
bes .P ah~ hut - -se
inr AI
'Recognizes ao God Newpape'
Wben lts Sees it.
The People, say
.Most Newsy,
and Able,,
if you think of subscribing to a
newspaper, get
hiJ -lT
It ::jer Yetr. $ er }r"r. r.. per r.
irswni wiiu rni~
L '
be Surd a. a
at -~
al MvfftliS 13 ObN
a' papersand y
hIu IaaCmmC yell PYC~"~
to A MdveriiNA~ss
li is a sIsat : }
~JAlways adwoeec " :
In or I
IS 17bl0ictbofeot.*!h
!e- a-O thisupaps
t be Y ee
oomlaeotlag. MemhisWI
u ;b
ti.r~ti( )~i=P~
*00 t s "g t11A
in. SplapmimK Ark., ad" Deaw. O
o. oe as Obiugo ` "a (Jiin
mi SgI 131FLS.U W
~n lao.rq AL~. Swf·Iv. bmrrrs A#.4~~:
-fanwr~g~~~wo` Molpb~ ~t.S:
WA- rmaojllLtflll~ w~LG .WAC1;4-;
a... Wi bR~LrXIIi sr
~ii Qrrri~'li. ~i,5'.~ ~

xml | txt