VAnngr ER em**iT.
VOL. XI. LAKE PROVIDENCE, EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA., SATURDAY, JULY 2, 1898. NO $
, -- -- - -- -"nFrmn1 nou UTTAD 1 ORA2 IEFflCT OR I
OUR NiAVY EPITOMIZED.
FACTS ABOUT OUR SEA POWER TOLD ga
IN TERSE PARAGRAPHS.
The United States Are Tied With Germany
For fth Plae Powder Comes In
Chunks. Is Brown and Doesn't Smoke
-No Grog and No Flogging Now.
The United States is the fifth naval toi
power in the world, writes Frank Lee, frc
in the Chicago Times-Herald. The in
navies of Great Britain, France, Bus- At
isa and Italy rank ahead in the order p1
named. Germany and the United fo,
States are about tied. bu
Our present effective fighting force of
consists of four battleships of the first of
class, one battleship of the second th;
class, two armored cruisers, eighteen tr
cruisers, fifteen gunboats, six double tel
turreted monitors, one ram, one dyna- es
mite gunboat, one dispatch boat, one he
transport and eight torpedo boats. ink
The Iowa weighs nearly 12,000 tons, to
and as twenty tons is the average load th
of a freight car and twelve oars is a du
good load for a looomotive engine, it fec
would take fifty locomotives to haul lit
the great steel structure. de
The powder used is brown and in wi
chunks the size of a caramel. A charge to
for the biggest guns weighs 500 pounds ge
and is hoisted to the breech by a der- p,
rick, the powder being sewed up in
: Armor plates are tested by firing
steel projectiles weighing from 100 to B
1500 pounds at them from guns lo
charged with 500 pounds of powder ci
and at a distance of about a cityblock. b,
Our battleships haveaspeed of from gi
fifteen to seventeen knots an hour. to
Oruisers make nineteen to twenty-four oz
mnots, while the monitors can travel
only five to seven knots. re
The biggest guns in the navy are h
forty-nine feet long, big enough for a hi
man to crawl into; four feet in diam- si
eter at their largest part and weigh in
185,500 pounds or thereabouts. m
There are six rear-admirals in active
service. The offioces of vice-admiral re
and admiral are unfilled, so there is m
no head of the navy excepting Secre- to
tary Long. Pi
Barnacles form on the hull of a ship, se
impeding its speed. A six months' ti
cruise will decrease the speed of a m
ship ifteen per cent., and it must go b,
into dry dock. cl
Sixty-one merchant vessels belong ci
to the auxiliary navy. These ships
are subsidized and by contract must
be given to the United States on de
Some of the guns in the navy can E
fire a shot twelve miles, frther than a
man can see, for the guns are aimed as
and sighted by machinery. 51
The amount expended by the Navy '
Department in 1897 was $34,561,516. ti
This is a larger sum than has been 6
expended in any year since 1866. r
In a battle the woodwork and all a
articles of wood are either stowed be- 1I
low or thrown overboard lest the men 0a
be injured by splinters.
The origin of the Navy Department P
may be said to date from October 13, C
1775, when Congress authorized the
equipment of two cruisers.
The fastest vessels in the navy are
the torpedo boats Porter and Dupont,
each of which can travel 27.5 knots an
Battleships cost from $2,500,000 to
$8,750,000, and cruisers from $600,000 t
to $3,000,000. A good torpedo boat
costs over $100,000.
Battleships are for the heavy work; a
cruisers are commerce destroyers; t
monitors are useful only for coast de- I
The Indiana could lie outside Sandy
Hook and throw 1200-pound shots in
to New York at the rate of four a
Those artists who show smoke in
their pictures of naval battles are
wholly wrong. Smokeless powder is
All of the cruisers are named in
honor of cities, and the battleships,
exept the Kearsarge, in honor of
The "grog" ration was abolished in
1868, and since then the crew has been
forbidden to drink while on duty.
Marines are the police on board
ship. Originally they were employed
to prevent mutiny among the sailors.
The guns of a battleship can carry
from six to twelve miles, hurling a
shot weighing half a ton.
Only sixty per cent. of the enlisted I
men are Americans, and a smaller per
centage yet are native born.
Projectiles thrown by naval guns
are shaped mush as the bullets shot
by the ordinary rifle.
A battleqhip has on board an eleo
trio plant capable of lighting a town
of 5000 inhabitants.
The boilers of the Iowa have a
heating surface ef eight aeres and
hold thirty tons of water.
Great Britain has 294 torpedoes
and torped6-boat destroyers; Uncle
S8m has only eight.
Five hundred and twenty-six men
and forty ofcers are required to man
the cruiser New York.
Battleships are covered with armor
of nickel steel from five to seven
We have four armored battleships
the Indianm, Iowa, Massachusetts and
A submarine torpedo boat to be
known as the Plunger is now under
At present the total enlisted force
of the naval militia is 8870 odoers
Behind the heavry armor there is a
uigf of either corn pith or oocoa
SIt costs $M)00 every time one of the
Brooklyn sad ew York are
owr maroei cruisers.
Oslkws arae dfroi. U9. to (PS1O
tmany has pgadraieltl
A captain in the navy ranks with a
colonel in the army.
The oldest iron vessel is the Michi
gan, built in 1844.
Five battleships are now under
We have the only ram-the Katah- t
Wild Interior of Patagonl. No
Professor J. B. Hatcher, of Prince
ton university, has lately returned
from a remarkable trip of exploration To
in a hitherto unknown region of South
America-namely, the wild interior of
Patagonia. He visited Washington tt
for the purpose of depositing with the
bureau of ethnology a rich collection I
of objects illustrating the mode of life eu
of the various tribes of aborigines in
that part of the world. Their coun
try, too, is more than ordinarily in- Ti
teresting, being associated since the
earliest times with rumors of gigantic WI
human inhabitants and an astonish
ing fauna. Quite recently some skele
tons of birds that had heads as big as Ez
those of horses have actually been
dug up. They stood at least nine
feet high, and had short wings, claws AI
I like an eagle's and a beak like a con
dor's. It is likely that they attacked -
with success the largest mammals con
temporary with them, being the big
gest fowls of prey that ever lived.- a
Public Opinion. hi
Silence Laws in Berlinto
No other large city is as quiet as
Berlin. Railway engines are not al- l
s lowed to blow their whistles within the
r city limits. There is no loud bawling
by hucksters, and a man whose wagon
i gearing is loose and rattling is subject
to a fine. The courts have a large dis
r cretion as to fines for noise making.
Strangest of all, piano playing is
regulated in Berlin. Before a certain o1
hour in the day and after a certain
s hour in the night the piano must be
silent in that musical city. Even dur
1 ing playing hours a fine is imposed for P
mere banging on the piano. tl
e German intolerance of noise is not a
I recent thing. Walleastein, who de
manded absolute quiet, had 180 houses g
torn down in Prague and sentries a
posted all around it the distance, to c
secure silence. There is a tradition
that still further back in time a Bohe
a mian shepherd, seeing the monk Adel- 1
o bert asleep, blew on his pipe in mis
chief. The monk called down the
g curse of deafness on him.
A New Bailway fog BSinal. 7
A curious railway danger or fog
signal has been invented in Chiswick, 1
England, which has been adopted by I
the Southwestern Railway. It con- I
d sists of a large wheel placed at the a
side of the track near a station and r
y containing around its circumference '
thirty-two barrels, each holding two r
cartridges. A lever placed along the t
rail is depressed by the passing train, c
and it in turn pulls back and then re- s
leases a hammer which explodes two I
n cartridges. After the trainhas passed I
the hammer automatically returns into c
it position to fire the next barrel. It is
connected by electricity with the sig- t
, nals, and the man in the box can set I
or disconnect it by pressing a button.
re The disconnection is worked by at
, magnet, which draws down the ham- i
mer and prevents firing. It is ex- 1
pected that the contrivance will
W shortly do away with the clumsy de
) tonators now in use. I
A Large Yarn From eKnsas.
An Emporia man heard a disturb
ance in the night, and on getting u
; to see what was the matter found
e- bulldog engaged in a desperate strug
gle with a jack-rabbit. Concluding
ly that it was dangerous to interfere, he
n' went back into the house and shut the
a door. In a short time the outside
struggle ceased, and, looking 'up, he
n was surprised to see a jack-rabbit look
re ing in over the transom of the front
Is door. In the morning he went out
and found the bulldog dead in the
n front yard, with marks of rabbit teeth
's all over his person, bearing mute tes-.
of timony to his brave and desperate I
struggle.-Emporia (Kan.) Bepubli
Sentimental 8Srnames of ,lamaeu Bnlers
rd History gives sixty-eight sentimen
ed tal surnames to emperors and kings
r whom it chronicles. For instance,
Charles VII., of France, had the
alias appellation of "the affable;"
Philippe I., of France, that of "the
d amorous;" Alponse XI., of Leon and
r. Castile, "the avenger;" Victor Em
mannel, "re galantuomo," :etc., etc.
a Many potentates are ranked by his
ot tory under the same alias. Eight are
"good," forty-one are "great," seven
c- are "oonquerors," two "cruel," ,two
S"fair" and four "fat." But none is
surnamed "the happy."
A stranger, on walking through the
streets of China, for the firat time, is
Spuzzaled, among other things, by the
appearance of jars in various positions
on the roofs of the houses. A jar
an placed with its bottom end toward the
street indicates that the daughter of
or the house is not yet ofage to marry.
ren As soon as she has developed into a
marriageable maiden the jar is turned
with its mouth to the street When
Sthe young lady gets married the jar is
removed altogether."- New York
er A submslsive (erat. '.
The fact.that Dr. Creighton, the
we Lord Mayor of London, rolled and
ar smoked nineteen cigarettes, the other
day, while talking with a newspaper
a man, realls the story of the big burly
on bishop and the )ittle curate in the
compartment of a railway ear. 'You
Swill not mind my smoking, will youe?"
msaid his lordship. "Notif yoor lord
are ship doesn't mind my belig seik,"
sbmissively replied the little arao
bed What w ferme a r i d
tory a Por is rw ·~sh
GOOD ROADS NOTES.Eth
The Problem Solved.
"We want good roads," the cyclist orted. t
Said the farmer, "So do we; of I
With you of the wheel and saddle \ put
Do we ruralites agree.
Now, what shall we do to get them?
Here's a plan that's simple, quite wal
We men of four wheels, you of two, , ly
Each one claims an equal right n
To half the track; that is level,
And each ought to have his share-'
A road-bed should be wide edough ticn
For us both, with room to spare; yet
[t should be both hard and solid, el
With a gently rounded top;
In short, it should be perfect, go
And we'll build it so-but stop! ]
Such fine highways cost money- eta
You are asking half the road-
When it comes to paying for them,
Will you carry half the load? eig
There's a growing army of you, eel
Some say half a million strong,
Will you each chip in a dollar,
For to help Good Roads along?
If you will, and do it yearly $5
We'll have solved the problem quite. ter
Ev'ry time you pay your 'mighty' na
We will also pay our mite,
Which we'll pay instead of working, mi
As our habit is to do, wi
And when your side is finished up, ho
You'll And ours finished too."
-Will Templer, in American Agriculturist. Pa
Recommended In Rhode Island. th
Governor Dyer, of Rhode Island, is ev
a thorough believer in good roads, and th,
has done much to aid the good work ob
for them in his State. He comes out mi
in favor of a Highway Commission and te
continuous work, in his message to the ro
legislature, as follows: ev
"The question of improved high- th
ways has ceased to be one that cats be
disregarded. Every educational and se
material interest of the State requires of
it. Better rural schools, increased sn
value of farm products, increased value th
of property, possible rural postal de- rm
livery, cheaper transportation-all en
ter as important factors into this ques
tion. In short, the welfare of our
people demands that good roads should m,
be made and maintained throughout m,
the State. The presence here of Mr. si
E. G. Harrison, Government Road En- of
gineer, and his work of road-building th
at the Rhode Island College of. Agri- ni
culture and Mechanic Arts, has been in
most helpful to the cause. During ci
the fall and early winter months meet- gc
ings to consider the subject have been bi
held in a great many of the towns and si
the greatest interest has been mani- n(
"Under the provisions of Chapter di
73 of the General Laws, three sample g6
half-miles of macadamized road have tt
been completed during the past year, rc
making a total of twelve, waioh have o0
been built at a cost of $89,154.00, and B
applications for seven more have been w
made to the Highway Commissioner. w
The agitation of the subject of good tl
roads has brought out the fact that n,
the present law for the improvement rt
of highways is defective and expen- a
sive. The State wishes no more sam- ,
ple half-miles. It cannot aford to ap- a
propriate any more money simply for
"Under a commission proceeding
upon carefully considered lines, the al
work of improving the principal high- ta
ways of the State should be made con- a
tinuous. It seems to be the feeling a
throughout the State that, in the im- 1
provement of these principal high- r
ways,*the State should assume three- k
quarters, and the towns through which ti
the highways run one-quarter, of the a
"By making the work upon the high
ways continuous the State will be in a
position to secure more favorable bids,
and from large contractors, well
equipped with the latest road machin
ery and appliances. In the general t
improvement of [our highways the
rough labor, the manual work, should
be given to our own citizens and at
b fair and honest wages."
SBuras Wall Delivery and Good Roaeeds.
t There is prospect that the National
a Government may get behind the good j
h roads movement in a peculiarly efee- t
- tive way. If the price of free mall de- I
I livery to the farmers is to be the con- I
struction and maintenance of mac- t
adamised country highways it is be- a
lieved that the thrifty agriculturistst
will not hesitate to pay it.
The indiffrence of Oongress to ap
peals for interstate highways and the
disinolination of farmers to construct i
Sroads "for the benefit of the city I
wheelmen" have operated as serious 4
handolape to the good roads move- 1
ment in this country. In spite of 1
these obstsaeles, however, substantial a
progress has been made in road build
Sing in States where the farmers have
awakened to the fact that while smooth 1
highways may add to the pleasures of <
wheeling the greatest benefit iareaped
by agricultarists in being brought
closer to profitable markets.
But the strongest stimalus to road
Sbuiding is yet to come. If the ex
Speriments in free rural mail delivery
InUgarated by the postal department
Sae a sunoess, they will establish a
w basis of co-operation and seciprocity'
Sbetween the Government and the
f farmers that will lesad to a general
movement in the building of inter
urban highways all over the country.
With the view of testing the ef
a dieney of different styles of roadbed
s Postmaster General Gary has author
k isedthe opening of routes for free
rural mail delivery through portions
of New Jersey and Pennsylvania,
- which embrace maeadamised, gravel,
Ic clay and common dirt roads. The
id routes are intended to be experimen
r tel, and will show relatively upon
or what character of roads the best re
1 salts oan .be obtained in'the wiy of
he prompt ad alaeient service.
SThereis little doubt that free mail
?" deivery is just as practicable ian may
~ f our more thickly populated rural
eoiammuitiMe as it ' in nglantd. The
o entionee of the service, it smcoess
f., should be dependent upon the
pper maitaene a of th roads. I
bs t'rII wants his ma delivaered t
be daom he mut e.cu bd te his abaee
Decay, olloe Negleet.'
A Columbus (Ohio) engineer states
that his city has spent $5,000,000 on
improving 114 miles of streets, but
that they have been allowed to get
into such shape that an expenditure
of $250,000 for repairs would hardly ae
put them in decent condition.
Unless the roads are constantly
watched and repaired, just as regular
ly and carefully as the great railway
companies watch their road-beds, they
will deteriorate very rapidly and prac
tically have to be rebuilt every few
years. There is no use in building
expensive groads, and leaving them to
go to ruin from neglect.
In a recent address, E. H. Thayer
stated on this subject that "a man
with one horse and cart, working
eight months of the year, can keep
seventy miles of good road in con- rot
stant, effective and complete repair at Cra
the outside expense of $350, which is
$5 per mile, while the cost of even at
tempting to make passable the ordi
nary country road exceeds $85 per
mile. . . A dirt cart is loaded An
with crushed rock or gravel. With a wh
hoe, a shovel and a rammer, the re
pairer, as frequently as the task is as- jo
signed him will permit, starts out on
the road. Every washout he repairs,
every rut he fills up, loose stones he
throws out, rough places he levels, hu
obstructions in water courses he re- tio
moves, and his tireless efforts day af
ter day result in keeping the good wb
road in good repair and making happy Pu
every man and woman who drives ore
It is only by following the example
set by railway companies in the care sA
of their road-beds, and acting upon
such suggestions as those above given,
that the highways can be efficiently d
maintained and properly preserved.
Why Broad-Tired Wheels Pay.
A wagon going up hill requires el
more force to draw it than when it is
moved on a level. When a wheel
sinks in soft soil there is an elevation
of the ground in front of it equal to th
the depth of the sinking. When a
narrow wheel sinks three or four
inches in the ground the effect is pre
cisely the same as if the wagon was qi
going up the same incline when the in
broad wheel is used, but if it does not
sink in the ground this obstacle does fel
not exist. The surface of the wheel he
does not interfere in the least withtbe
draft of a wagon even on solid, hard
ground, and it must be evident that
the broad wheel will not out into a th
road as a narrow one will, and thus hý
on soft roads must be easier draft.
SB the use of a broad-tired wagon on
i when a new road is being laid out, it di
will soon be rolled hard and solid, so
i that even a narrow-tired wagon will
t not cut in, but attempt to make a
road during the average harvest, win- m
ter or spring season with narrow-tired
wagone and the "job will usually prove
a faitire;-Boy Stone. a
Bad Roads a Continuous Tar.
g Favorable results are reported from
all the States that have systematisally
taken up the work of road impboYe
ment. The subject is one that will ol
g make its way if earnestly consiad.4.
No one can say exactly what a 'good bi
road is worth, but all who uie toads
know that a bad one is a heavy con- hi
tinuous tax.-St. Louis Globe-Deito- a
Millions Per Beads:
Senator Hoar recently introduced ,
by request in the United States Senate to
a bill appropriating $10,009,000 to be
expended by the Seretary of War in
constructing military and post roads, b
the purpose being to relieve the b
d exigency of the times by giving em
t ployment to labor. .
_ Jaanese. women. - a
Naturally there are no figures more a
l perfect than those of the Japanese
"d young women. The children, up to S
- the age of fourteen, or as lqng as they
e- I have the free-use of their lirbs, e
- modelsof symmetry. Abuit thattine
c- they begin to fasten long garments
e- about their hips, the efect of whaeh I.
t to impede their gait and give thean a
awkward shafle. In coure of titne t
p- does worse, and interrupt the develop
e mentof thelegs and thighs. Amon V
t the laboring class an additjinal'miss
y haping is acomplished b6the practic
as of oarr~ing burdens from an early age
e- apon the baok, for the support of whblb
of broad straps are passed over the
al shoulders and crossed in front, pess
d- ing directly upon the breast. Whi
re a Japanese girl reaches the
.h teep without having naderg
of I of the pooessse of defot t, Is,
ad woader to the eye, and , eia -
ht tiltwenty-flve,Cor possibly i *e ~I
then she eeases to charm foraL u
d periodfn any way, e gb hes
x- I mannq, and that i genUf'i s
y to the last. But as she gosod o.sbe
has a chance of becom q de
a lightfal again. There is
ty than a dignifed and white-har d sl
he Japanese lady. She is always bliP4
ml for she is always muoh resiscte4 and
r- cherished byher juniors, sad at er
. tain age the natural high bred ol
iI- the race appearsin he to amn itlI
ed orystllisatilon.n-The Ledge.
hee te emes Trowns or al .
ns While the population of Europe, es.
i timated at 175,000,000 in the begin
el, ning of the eentary, rose to 210,oo,
he 000 in 1880, 800,000,000 in 1870, aad
n- is now nearly 870,000,000, there has
on been a still more remarkable increase
e- in the uamber of townswith over 100,
of 000 inhabitants. There were only
twenty-one of these in 1801 (wilh 4,
Lil 500,000 inhabitants), 42 in 1850, 70 in
or 1870 (with 30,00,000 iabibitats),
ra and 121 in 189 (with abat 87,000,
ke b ant, while Eagland en& Germa
If d two each, bht a 1871 the lM
is usgar. "e4 ,r; "see,*
OUR BUDgET OF IuxOB.
LAUCHTER-PROVOKINO STORIES FOR
,.OVERS OF FUN.a
. FPeared Banahrupty-AAI t sVI
High-Didn't Wat t to Di-Wited
Everythtinsg claH-.Dpewes 3 ses
the Dropsne on pesple-In ars, Ese.
"I am lndebt to you, I know..
A world of owing this lsl
But Itf you'll sall to-morrow, Joe, to I
I'll pay you off In kisses." l
And, knowing she hadlovers right ht
And left (yes, to his sorrow), wh
He said: "You'd better pay to-)nht; atk
You may be broke to-morrow. he
S--James . Ohalliss, in Puek.
Didn't Want to Die. il
Fair Visitor--"What a lovely par- pr
rot!" (To parrot)-"Polly want a esa
Polly (cautiously)- "Did you make the
it yourself?"-Truth. I
And Postage Is High.
Sykes-"If you can't getany of the a IJ
American papers to print your jokes, am
why not mail them to England?" poi
Scribes-"I'd call that carrying a st
joke too far."-Harlem Life. fro
Wanted Everythtig Clear. an
Editor-"I shall want about aive
hundred words on the subject I men
.New Beporter-"Yes, sir; about
1 what size do you want the words?"-
In laris. p.
First Citizen-"Have you ever had oal
any unpleasantness with Monsieur mi
Second Citizen--"Nothing worth ni
mentioning. Nothing more than a be
duel or two." ws
A Questleon. a
The Infant-"Maw, a grown np an
elephant's nose is his trunk, ain't it?" TI
The Mother--"Yes, my son."
The Infant-"Why ain't the nose of in
a baby elephant called a satchel, pr
then?"--Syracuse Herald. be
r Ne Gets the Drops on People.
Jorkins-"Drugged and robbed!
sa %hy don't you have some action taken c
e in the matter?"
t Jobson-"I can't. I suppose the
a fellow had my permission. You see,
I he was my doctor."-Puook. ti
,t "They say if you fix your gaze on
a the back of any person's neck you can tI
,a hypnotize them." lo
L. "Not so. The other day I tried it
n on a tandem for an hour, and the girl T
It didn't work any harder."-Life -
to . to
An Able an. " is
a "Yes, sir. Bleeker would make b
i. money out of anything.",
d "Is he so lucky?" Q
re "I should say so. Why, he married a
a penniless girl two years ago and he I
got her a position that brings him in ft
$1200 a year."-Life. ft
l7 i Well Turned.
e- He-"Who is that disreputable, ugly
ll1 old fellow there?"
I. She (haughtily)-"That Is my hubs
id band, sir!"
Is He (coolly)-"How true it is that i
n" homely men always secure the hand
o- somest wivesl"-Judy. w
First Klondike Boy-"Huh, my fath.
d er's richer than yours; he's got nearly
i half a barrel of gold dust." - A
be Second Ditto-"Pooh! What's that.
in y father's got three cans of baked s'
i, beans, and nearly four pounds of
adiaed os. Q
"Here," said the philanthropist, "is h
a dime. Now, let me give you a little a
re advice. Never-- "
se "Hold on," interrupted 8louchy a
to Simpkins, "take back your money. a
ey My lowest price for listenin' to ser- ti
re mons is fifty cents."-Ohioago News. fI
Through Other ctaeles.~
Moth-"We're getting up a '8o
oan Oiety for the Prevention of Ornelty to
Inseets and to Aeoomplish the Weed
ing Out of Camphor.' Will you join o
a Potato Btg-"You bet your boots I i
willl-if there's a clause in it against i
6b Named aWith Reseo.
he Dole-"I hear that you've gone into
55 the bicycle business.",
L Hale-"Yes, I'm making the 'V'
" wheel for racing men."
N Dole-"The what?"
* Hale--"The 'V.' "
" Dole-"Why do you call it that?"
I Hale-"B-o' use it goes so fast."
His olever shrmen.
' "I have come," msaid the yo-nglIan,
de "to askt yon to let me have youe
d "eveer" shoated the millIonare
py' "ThLanks," answered the other, a
he hurried away. "Up to this time
pr- she has refused to smile upon my suit
f When I tell her that yo objeet to ms
it she will be mine."-Ohao News.
oa Daneer seDle Osttes4.
"So," said the Chinese Emperor'"
hgiend, "you have delded to open the
gate sothat in the coursen of time
eer nation on the wl be pm r
sad mited tro Mnst in you
a "Yes,"replied the Empercr, goen.
, ily; "every nation, with the ube
nly exception of the Chiasses"-Valhag
4. ton Star.
4)* "How is year husband?" ea( mem
00, t two women who hied t at theb-I
a e u du," ws ntthe
*'/No, hednr, Ba .lse
MORAur EFFCT OF PRUNER. Ti
sae ts o ew a seatha s'Ut L n sa
xwm.s-Ue.su as a mas.
European authorities on dietetics
are discussing the discovery of "a
well-known physician of Chicago,'
who claims that he has proved the
pran to'be amoral agent, He sayss
that he has made the prune the sub
ject of s~ ial study ax has condut
d a series of experiments with a view
to testing the prune as a presvetive of
crime. At one time conneoted with a
school for the reform of unruly boys
who had rebelled agaifast all former
attempts to ivilize their conscience,
he fed them for a week onesas day,
and at the end of that time they were
mild-mannered and bidable. The
prune, he claims, has a ;eertain medi
einal property which cts directly on
the nervous system, which Is where
the evil passions have their seat.
However good the physician may
make his caiml, one thing is certain,
that the prune in Germany has been
a household medicine for the last half l
century. There is daily at the dis
posal of the members of the family a
stone jar of very nicelycookedprunes,
from which the household eat a few at
any time in the day, dipping into it,
as one may say, as a lady in Franee
does her ornaniented box holding
It is well to know at a time when
there Is so much grip in Chicago that
prunes made into a drink are very
good food and medibine for the
patient. They are prdpared for medi
cal practioe and nursing thus: They
must be of 0 good (but not "faney")
quality, washed in a sieve under run
water. Then put them in a
basin and cover with cooled boiled
water closed from air and dust, allow
ing them to stand until swollen. Then
cover them tight in the same basin
and let them simmer for three hours.
They will be sweet enough.
The prune drink for fever is made
in the same way, but to every pint of
prunes a quart of boiled water should
be added and they should be allowed
to simmer to -rags. Strain and then
give the patient to drink. Lemon
juice may be added itf desired.-hi
Toads at Damer.
The toad does not take dead or mo
tionless food, says the Popular Scienoe
Monthly. Only living and moving
insects, centipedes, etc, are devoured,
while worms and other larve dis
turbed by their hopping are safe so
long as they remain curled up; but as
I soon as they move they are eaptared.
The toad's tongue, its only organ for
seising food, is soft, extensile, at
tached in front but free behind, and
is covered with a glutinous substance
t that adheres firmly to the food seised.
So rapid is the motion of this weapon
that a careful watch is necessary in
Srder to see the animal feed. At
* night, soon after sunset, or even be
fore on cool evenings, the toad emerges
from its shelter and slowlyhopa about
in search of food. Something of a
regular beat is covered by these ani
I mals, whose sense of localityis sfrong.
In the country this beat includes for- l
age along the roadside, into gardens
and cultivated fields, and wherever
insect food is abundant and grass or
other thick herbage does not interfere
with getting about. In cities and
suburban villages the lawns, walks
and spots beneath the electrio lamps
are favorite hunting grounds. At (
Amherst, Mass., Mr. A. H. Kirkland,
f. rom whose paper we derive these ob
d servations, once counted eight large, a
f well-fed toads seated under an are
light and actively engaged in de
vouring the insects which, dqprived of
wings, fell from the lamp aboye. At
e Malden, Mass., a colony of about half I
e a dozen toads sally forth on summer i
evenings from under the piazza of a
y citizen's house, go down the walk,
r. ross the street and take up their eta
r- tions under the are lamp, where they
•. feed upon the fallen insects till the
earrent is turned off when they re
tarn to their aocnstomed shelter.
o & OGrt amd orwsmera Idsa~r
The south is having a revirsal of the
u cotton industry that is almost anpar
ialleled. In 1890 the capital employed
I in op ing the manufacturing plants
t in te so ern states was 61,100,
000,and to-day it is estimated st P1f,
000,000. The numberof cottonmillsin
Sopersation in 1890 was 54 and in 1898
it is 490. The number of looms em
Sployed in wari5g oott#on goods in the
south ws 14,000 in 1890" and 1is 9,
000 in 1898; the number of pindles
was 118,000 in 1890, and Is 687,000 in
1898. Neoesearily, with this emor
-mous increase in its manatature, the
otfton groth has gsreaty upade.
The crop in 1896-97 amounaed to
8,582,705 eommerial kbale. T
value of the upland erops, sa anre
mae of .68 cents per pound, was
9815,810,806, white the se ls¥0
erop sold for 9,000o,. The
value of the :co#onpodnaeed a'
the last year was thefore 8991,811,
56, asn amoaut whih is quadrupled
r bthe of meauP-tora-Al
w At . Aef ml.) Maullet
r'e One of the ballots for Themlstele
he has just been found by OGerma nes
a vatao in the rapu, golognbeek
r to a date erl tie 490 ]. o., a
u that wastheyear in whlehthatele,,
branted worker of the Atheiam plI
a maries was bishe& It. is as in
Ms seribed potsherd bhewrg Lr ame,
ug. ad, with proper aee, is good fSo ,-n
t 00 years. There ar ole
three ouh soevenirs of the qd reek
eleetions in exstene sad ely this
a ce bears the name of Thaso nteel
a s weem3 -,, hp.e .
h A strange kee, stle the *oe.
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