Newspaper Page Text
THE BANNEIR=DEMOCR .
VOL. XIII. LAKE PROVIDENCE. EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1900 NO. 27.
FAi AND GARDE INOTES.
ITEMS OF INTEREST ON ACRICUL
Relief From Poison ivy-Improving Comr
mon Hogs-The Horse Fly Pest-Exper
lenoe With Clover-When to Cut Corn
for Sileag-Eto. Eto
Relief From Poison Ivy.
Wash exposed portions of the body
immediately after handling or going
near poison ivy. This simple precau
tion will often prevent much discom
fort. There are many remedies for
ivy poison. One of the best is strong
tea made by boiling or steeping sassa
fras root. Make the solution strong
and bathe affected parts freely. It
will speedily dry the poison blisters.
Hot water, as hot as it can be borne,
affords relief. Salt and water is very
effective. Make the solution strong.
Lime water is also good.
Improving Common Hogs.
A herd of common hogs may be
quickly and cheaply improved by in
troducing a boar of any good breed,
but of pure blood. Select a new one
of the same breed each year, but not a
near relative. Such a course will give
a herd all the characteristics of that
breed in a few years. But if each
year a new breed is selected, the at
tempted improvement will prove a
failure. In-and-in breeding is another
and fatal error in perpetuating our best
breeds and families, as no animal
shows deterioration from that cause
as soon as the hog.
The Horse Fly Pest.
The ordinary flies are troublesome
enough to the dairyman, causing the
calves to lose flesh and the cows to
shrink in their milk, and the ox or
gadfly is worse, but when it comes to
what are called the horsefly, we sup
pose them to be a worse pest than all
the others, states the American Culti
vator. We here republish the formula
given by the Kansas Experiment Sta
tion, which they say keeps off all flies
at a cost of one-fourth to one-half cent
a day for each animal.
It is as follows: Pulverized resin,
two parts, by measure; soap shavings,
one part; water, one-half part; fish-oil,
one part; water, three parts. Place the
resin, soap shavings, one-half part of
water and fish-oil together in a re
ceptable and boil till the resin is dis
solved; then add the three parts of
water, following with the oil of tar
mixed with the kerosene. Stir the
mixture well and allow it to boll for
fifteen minutes. When cool, the mix
ture is ready for use, and should be
stirred frequently while being applied.
From one-eighth to one-half pint is
sufficient for one application. To apply
the mixture, a brush is used. We find
nothing more satisfactory than a large
painter's brush. At first it is well to
make an application for two or three
days in successlon. Afterwards an ap
plication every other day will suffice.
It is often more economical not to at
tempt to protect the entire animal,
but only those parts not reached by the
head or tail. It is perfectly safe, and
In no case has it appeared detrimental
to the health of the call
An Experience With Clover.
Having purchased a run-down farm
at 175 acres for $800, I wanted to make
It self-sustaining as quickly as possi
ble, therefore turned to my friend clov
er. I plowed the ground early for
wheat, procured a fine seed bed and
got a fine stand of wheat. The middle
of February there came a warm spell
and I sowed clover seed, sowing one
bushel broadcast to ten acres. The
wheat had 200 pounds per acre of bone
mneal, phosphate and complete fertili
ners, each fertilizer by Itselt to see
which was the best for this land. The
clover came up well and got a good
hld before the March freeze came,
consequently was not killed, while my
neighbors, who waited until April to
sow, had their seed washed away by
the heavy rains.
By the middle of June the clover had
h few beadsturning brown, and it was
cut for hay. It was cut in the morn
hag and raked up next day and put in
the barn as soon as posalble. It grew
quite hot, but cured all bright and nalce.
Part of the second crop was cut for
bay and a part left for seed. This,
after being cut, was pastured until
early winter, and the following smih
mer cut one crop again when it was
plowed under, after making a little
growth, for wheat and oats. 'This see
sad crop of wheat showed a big Im
provement over the first one. The clov
er was the common red variety and
yielded well. The first erop cut In the
seamon makes fine hay, if well cured,
but for horses I don't think much of
the seond cutting. It will do weal for
hogs and cattle, as they are very fond
of it, and even the chickens relish It
very much, but it causes the horses
to alobber.-Mrs. A. N. Knoer, In
Whea to Cat Com for Slars.
I have had seven years' experience
it putting up and feeding silage and
my conclusion is that most of the en
slhage is cat too soon to get the best
Ialts The time to cut corn for the
shck is when the grains are dented
eod gased and before the blades be
eose brown. When corn is cut and
put into the ashock at this stage it has
plenty of moisture for the silo. Most
Sthe sugar in the stalks has turned to
starch and there is not so much aeld
In the fall of 185t we made a new
si a our hira It was calclsted to
heM S00 teans. We had plnted egh
teen aces far neaise to all the pit.
That i elghbteen aress was planted
Iar than the other care on the place
a was met early ao ripe. When it
emsn taim to rat the alage corn the
a.,eiam wa ~ie riper and abould
heI8 b aeat anU'pt In the shecks.
.e were brnr wit th b r.eate sd
Rett at,. wt heniweget mar
-$ C j: ·
full. The other fle.k was very ripe by
this time, but we cut enough from it
to fill the pit. To our surprise it was
as good and was eaten by the animals
as readily as any in the p't.
Last fall we did not have quite
enough ensilage to fill our pits. A few
acres of corn, planted late in July for
soiling, was utilized for this purpose,
although it was just in the milk. When
we fed it to the cows it was so sour
the animals did not do well while it
lasted, and the foreman told me that
he did not want any more of that kind
of slop for his cows, and I did not
Experiments have all proven that
ripe corn is the best for the silo. If
good ensilage is the best form of corn
to make good milk, I cannot see why
it is not the best for making beef. I
do not believe, however, that mature
corn is the feed for producing an
abundance of beef. I think most farm
ers will agree with me that nothing
will make cattle grow and fatten bet
ter than good fresh pasture. If fresh
pasture is the best for both milk and
beef and ensilage is the best form of
corn for milk, why is it not equally
good for beef production?
I have fattened a few animals on
ensilage and the results were most
satifactory. Cows fed on ens!lage are
usually in good flesh, which, I think,
speaks well for the fat-producing pow
er of silage. Some sheep feeders are
using silage for both ewes and feed
ing sheep and have pronounced it a
success. If silage is profitable for
sheep, it ought to be for cattle. I ex
pect to build a silo this fall, the con
tents to be used for my beef cattle. I
will feed the silage to the mother and
grow the calf on it. I will also feed
sillage to my flock of Shropshire sheep.
I do not feed sllage alone, any more
than I feed corn alone, but clover hay
or some leguminous forage is always
used with it.--Frank Rahlen, in New
Can Egg Production be increased ?
How is it that so many farmers do
not find poultry keeping profitable? It
is probably because the busy farmer
does not give attention to small mat
ters of detail. An interesting article
on the subject of egg production by
Percival V. Cooper has appeared in
Country Gentleman. He says an old
hen should lay 100 eggs in a year and
recommends the use of the ax If she
does not come up to that figure. It is
possible now to know how many eggs
a hen lays. On these points we quote:
Any one having an intimate knowl
edge of chemistry, combined with
practical poultry keeping experience,
knows that an egg is composed mostly
of water, and also that for six months
of the year a hen secures about one
half the food she consumes from grass
bugs, weed seeds and other materials.
One hundred pounds of grain fed from
the bin combined with such other food
is ample for the production of two
hundred eggs by actual count. Trap
nests are fast making it possible for
poultrymen to keep accurate account
of individual egg production; and while
a few lightheads may be tempted to
exaggerate, still there are fanciers and
writers whose reputation cannot be as
It Is nothing unusual for an extra
good cow to produce twice the quanti
ty of milk that an ordinary cow does
for a year; then why cannot an extra
good hen double the product of an or
dinary one? Any old hen will lay one
hundred eggs. If she does not, then
you should know it and use the ax.
Egg production Is not governed by the
amount of food eaten so much as by
the digestibility, seasonableness, and
last, but not least, the proper propor
tion and mixture of foods, so as to
contain the exact elements needed to
support life and supply egg producing
No poultry keeper should ever forget
exercise, for it is the secret of egg
production, of physical perfection, and
the best safeguard against disease.
Under no circumstances should one at
tempt the management of an egg farm
.without supplying scratching quarters
(preferably the shed plan); then keep
the flocks busy, and he will be richly
rewarded with great quantities of "hen
Whitewash the stables once or twice
A daily brushing makes a cow look-
and feel better.
In marking sheep, avoid coarse,
heavy paint marks.
Second cut clover is the best hay for
yoang calves and lambs.
Never feed calves from dirty pails
or vessels Scald them out once each
Brush the Udder and surroundfng
parts before milking and wipe them
with a damp sponge or cloth.
Keep the colts in good flesh. It is
cheaper to keef them growing than to
et them get stunted for want of feed.
In feeding steers it seems to be eco
nomical to give but little grain during
the first portion of the feeding periodl.
The horse's eye is frequently injured
rom vapors arising from a hot, foul
stable. Give the stable ventilation and
this will quickly disappear.
The main point in managing a pig
pen is to keep it absolutely clean. Fur
nish plenty of dry earth as an absorb
ent and clean out every day.
Clover cared on racks has a higher
feeding value than clover from the
same field eared in the swath. Wbhere
practicable the use of racks is recom
mended during wet weather.
A good dairyman must like cows and.
have a keen, observing eye to see to it
that everything is done for the cow's
omtfort, for it ii the comfortable, con
tesaed, well-ted cow that fills the paI
aid yieldas the prolt.
Weanm the colt when about five
ineths old. Peed some dover hay,
ground ouata bran, pulped carots or
tugup and eat straw. OGive water
r--u-larly and make it possble for the
•p t bare *pity t x.ercise, °uM
laggit w bav *umtitss
NOTES AND COMMENTS.
Efforts are being made in this coun
try to wrest from England her big coal
Spain, relieved of her colonial In
cubus, is making rapid strides toward
The Electrical Review aeclares that
lightning-rods of every sort and kind
In the past ten years the Italian na
tion has descended from the third to
t'he seventh place as a naval Power.
The funeral of the dead railroad king
again recalled the Spanlsh proverb,
"There are no pockets in the shroud."
It is possible to say at last that the
popularity of the so-called "coon song"
as a means of entertainment has be
gun to wane.
Men may yearn to wear shirt-waists
as commonly as women, but they will
never enjoy discussing shirtwaist fash
ions with equal zest.
The Gasette of Cologne is in favor
of a policy of terror in China. For
tunately other nations will have to be
consulted In this matter.
An apparatus for condensing sea fog
into drinking water has been invented
by Professor Bell. It will be welcomed
as a desideratum by ocean voyagers.
Another proof of the fickleness of
the public. The kissing-bug is fully
as industrious as he was last summer,
but he doesn't attract the same inter
If a Yankee met the Empress Dow
ager in Pekin it is odds that his first
remark would be to remind the old
lady that the Chinesa Invented gun
According to the latest report of
United States Consul Ingersoll at
Copenhagen, Denmarck, the popular
ity of American goods is rapidly in
creasing in that country.
Among other signs indicating that a
man is insane, it has been recently
discovered by specialists in nervous
disorders that irregular eyebrows are
entitled to consideration.
A scientist who has made a study of
electrolysis is now in a position to en
lighten trolley-car conductors and
motormen who have not been able to
discover just why they died.
All buildings belonging to the Chi
nese Government are yellow, and it is
a capital offense for any private person
to use that color on the exterior of his
dwelling or place of business.
Professor William B. Harper, head
of the great University of Chicago, de
clares that the small colleges will have
to materially change their plans, and
that eventually they must unite.
A German surgeon recently cut off a
patient's second toe and sewed it to
the stump of a missing forefinger. It
proved a very good substitute, and can
be moved by the owner, as an artificial
finger could not be.
In a paper which he recently read
before the British Medical Association
Dr. Pye-Smith prescribed a remedy
for most nervous disorders that is
within the reach of the poorest This
cure is steady hard work.
Bicycle road races have been bad
enough. Automobile road races would
be an intolerable outrage. The pub
lic highways are for the common and
ordinary use of the public, not to be
turned into private racetracks for
steani engines at fifty miles an hour.
The Government is about to pay the
Anal half million and take over the
Eads jetties. It is still claimed that
the jettles are a success, but it will
be well to defer judgment until the
first report after they are Government
The late C. P. Huntington was not a
believer in college training for men
who are to follow a business career.
And a Western paper, moralizing on
his career, asks: "Had he played foot
ball at college until his bearded days
would he have been so successful?"
During the recent French naval
manoeuvres the squadron under Ad
miral Gervals succeeded In slipping
through the 8traits of Gibraltar at
night without being noticed by the
British observers on the Rock. So at
least the French newspapers assert.
Experts who have examined rye
straw are of the opinion that a very
high grade of paper, suitable for books
as well as for newspapers, can be
made from that material. Louisiana
produces thousands of tons of rye
straw which are now disposed of as
a waste product
An orderly in South Africa who hap
pened not to know the Commander
in-Chief, for whom he was bearing a
Ilispateb, asked another orderly in a
loud voice, "Where's 'Bobs'?" In re
ply the cheery voice of Lord Roberts
answered: "Here I am, my lad. What
can I do for youp"
The West has plainly ceased to grow
natarhly taster than the hast. Provi
6sace is otstripplag St. Paul and
iMo neapo. Buala and New York
a growig relatlively almost as fast
as Mlwaahee, which ranks next to
hliMago in the Western list, and much
U. Metachuleff, of the Paris Pan
tour tostlute, bass tmasmm aesdl to
UmAhs0 .*aelns dep -dt, i
ery of a lymph which regenerates the
red globules in the blood of lepers. He
thinks that when he has improved his
serum he may be able to rejuvenate
the organs of the human body.
Falcon Island, In the Pacific, which
was thrown up some years ago and
gradually washed away till in 1898 it
could not be seen, has been discovered
again by the British cruiser Porpoise.
It now looks like a whale's back and
stands nine feet out of water, with the
sea breaking over it so that it forms
a serious danger to navigation.
The French saw declares that no one
is ever so happy or so miserable as he
thinks he is. The half-hearted way
in which this truth is accepted shows
all the difference between the pessimist
and the optimist. The optimist accepts
the latter half and scoffs at the former,
and the pessimist rails at the latter
half and praises the former.
Says the Baltimore Sun:--"South
America promises to be the scene of
international plotting arter China is
disposed of, and a pamphlet just pub
lished by Alejandro Garland, of Peru,
on 'South American Conflicts and the
United States' shows that Peru will
welcome our interference in the dis
putes of the South American States."
Upon opening a car laden with hay
In a Chicago freight yard the other
day the consignee was astounded to
find two valuable horses inside, while
nearly one-third of the hay had been
devoured. How the animals had got
ten into the car and how long they
had been there no one seemed to know.
Their stomachs were so much distend
ed from overeating that both animals
had to be killed.
In a New York Police Court the other
day a Boston man who had been ar
rested at the instance of his wife on
the charges of desertion and non-sup
port presented a novel defense. He al
leged that his wife had consulted an
astrologer, who told her that she was
destined to be married at least twice.
"I was her first husband," said the
accused man, "and I saw that it was
up to me to get a move on. I had to
either die or skip again, and I pre
ferred to skip." The Court, however,
declined to follow that line of reason
ing, and put the man under bonds to
support his wife, regardless of the as
And the mystery of the origin of a
cold is not deeper than the my'stery of
its cure. While every one is perfectly
competent to cure his neighbor's cold,
no one has ever succeeded in curing
his own cold. His choice among the
thousand and one infallible remedies
is hampered by the condition that It
"must be taken in time," and no one
ever discovers that he has a cold until
the time is up. What is needed is a
remedy which will cure a cold at any
time, and such a remedy is badly need
ed in the interests of good feeling and
a higher morality. The man with the
cold is not merely a victim of the in
justice of Providence but a sufferer
from the heartless indifference and
even derision of his fellow-man.
Bruce Benner, of Coffeyville, Kan.,
has made a small fortune during the
past few months by exhibiting a so
called "feathered dog" in various parts
of the Sunflower State. So far as the
feathers were concerned the animal
was, of course, a fraud, as has just
been discovered through the enterprise
of a country newsaper. The dog had
been completely covered from nose
to tail with a tight fitting coat of
Canton flannel on which pigeon feath
ers had been so skillfully sewn as to
seem like a natural growth. A report
er who had been detailed to visit Ben
ner's show plucked a handful of feath
ers from the animal's back unobserved,
and the dog never winced. The fraud
was thus exposed, and Benner fled
from the Kansas jurisdiction,
For Costemcpt of Court.
Ferdinand Canessa, an aged Italian,
is in the penitentiary at Vancouver, B.
C., serving what is practically a term
of imprisonment for life. A year ago
he was committed for contempt of
court for refusing to sign a deed of
some land, granting it to a former
partner. Canessa was among the pto
neers of the Cariboo gold excitement
in 1859. He collected quite a large for
tune and expended it mostly in real
estate. He is the owner of property
all over town and his check is good for
any amount up to $100,000. Neverthe
less, the chances are that he will serve
out the remainder of his days in jail.
He was the defendant in a land case in
volving about $2,000 with a former
partner named Nichols, and refused to
obey the order of Justice Martin to
sign the deed to Nichols. He said he
would never do It, and the judge said
he would have to stay in jail until he
did. That was a year ago, and the
man's health is breaking down. Sev
eral lawyers have taken hold of the
case in succession, but they cannot
break down the old man's barrier of
obstinacy. He says that if the judge
will not reverse his order he will stay
in jail until he dies.
His Pride Ferlede.
A Denver tramp the other day ap
plied at a house which he had carefully
chosen because the lawn did not need
cutting nor the flower beds weeding.
The lady of the house produced a plen
tiful "band-out." "And now I want
you to chop some kindlings for me,"
she said, when he had finished. "I
knew you were too weAk to do it un
til you had had a square meaL" "You
were right, ma'am, quite right Now
I need the exercise, It would do me
good; it would send the blood coursin'
me veins and bring back the sparkle
to me eye. But I come of a proud
race. I am a Montgomery of Mont
gomery; I could not use your back
yard and its appliances as a gymna
alam witbout payln' you liberal, and,
madita, I Cm p aless."-3pi $raau
A TRAGEDY IN PIOlION LIP.
The Mother Bird Watched Over the Newst I
Which per Young Had Buried.
There was a tragedy enacted at the
recent Dearborn street fire where four
women lost their lives witnessed by
none of the thousands that stood hor
ror-stricken as they saw men and wo
men climbing to safety along narrow,
ledges of the building front. In a re
cess at one end of the large, overhang
ing cornice was a pigeon home. The
father and mother birds were driven
from their posts by the heat and
smoke, but the three nestlings per
After the firemen had stopped work
and the excitement had died down,
the parent pigeons came back to seek
their young. The heat had lapped up
the straw and sticks of which the nest
was built, and their young were mere
crisps. Toward evening the mother
bird began flying over the ruins. She
circled for a time, and finally landed
on the roof of the wrecked building.
Soon she was joined by her mate. They
seemed greatly puzzled at the change
the fire had wrought. The heat had
melted the joints of the galvanized
iron cornice, which hung in great
strips over the windows of the top
story. The pigeons looked over the
wrecked cornice, ducking their heads
and appearing to talk about their loss.
The father bird flew away, but the
mother remained. Finally she pluck
ed up courage enough to fly to the top
of the upper story window near her
nest her nest. Then she sidled along
to the stone ledge at the bottom of the
wrecked cornice. She stretched her
head toward her burned home, and
then, as if frightened at what she saw,
flew to the roof again. Soon the father
bird joined her. After a sorrowful
conference the mother bird again drop
ped to the stone ledge. She was en
couraged by her mate, and crept along
to the recess in the corner of the cor
nice. Her mate followed, and togeth
er they viewed their dead. offspring.
The mother bird crept timidly into the
nest of embers. She even tried to cov
er her dead nestlings. The father bird
seemed to tell her to come away. Here
another sad conference was held, and,
after comforting his mate, the father
pigeon flew away.
Not so with the mother. She kept
her vigil into the night, and was still
at her post above her wrecked home
and dead nestlings when the day closed
on the scene of destruction.-Chicago
Portable Schoolbouses I. Breeklys.
It is likely that portable school
mouses will be used in Brooklyn during
the next school year to eke out the
present inadequate accommodations.
Charles E. Robertson, President of the
Borough School Board, said:
"The regular buildings will again,
as heretofore, fail to take in all chil
dren of school age, and we have been
considering every possible expedient
to prevent the old resort to half-day
classes. Nothing suggested appears
so promising as the portable structures,
which will cost little and can be eas
Ily erected, and as easily removed
when desired. Plans are now under
way for them. The number of the
buildings will depend upon the report
now in preparation by Superintendent
Ward, who will inform the Board
where the structures are most needed
and where it is possible to erect them."
The Shirt-Sl:eves Man ad Others.
We have received from a Russian
lady in Dusseldorf an earnest entreaty
to touch a matter which has deeply
stirred cosmopolitan society in that
town. "German ladies," she writes,
"are shocked when a gentleman rolls
up his sleeves when playing tennis, or
if they have the top button of their
shirt undone."' And then she asks
what we think of a "German lady sit
ting at dinner who received a new
pair of brown boots and immediately
dinner being finished sits on the floor,
pulls off her old leathers, and pulls on
the newly-purchased goods?" We con
fess to being shocked.-London Globe.
After Three Years.
An extraordinary instance of the in
stlnct and fidelity of the homing pigeon
has just occurred at Northwich. In
July, 1807, a bird belonging to Mr.
Woodward, Avenue Lodge, Winning
ton, was liberated, with others, at
Rennes, France. The race proved dis
astrous, only one out of several hun
dred, and that belonging to Mr. Wood
ward, returning home the same day.
This week the owner was astonished
to discover that one of the lost homers
had found its way back, and that on
the same date as when liberated three
years ago. The bird bore the racing
ring which established his identity.
"In the first place," said the fat man
with the red neck, "I forgot my jug of
commissary supplies when I started
on that fishing trip, and there was none
to be had within eighty miles."
"Too bad," said the lean man with
the stringy mustache.
"But that ain't the worst of it. Of
course, I came home without showing
the usual signs of having been on a
fishing trip, and my wife thinks I
wasn't fishing' at all, and vows she
will find out where I was during that
time if it takes every cent I've got."
Chtu's Lea BrldMt,
The longest bridge in the world is,
it is recorded, the Lion bridge, near
Sangang, in China. It extends 5 1-4
miles over an area of the Yellow Sea,
and is supported by 300 huge stone
arches. The roadway is 70 feet above
the water and is inclosed in an iro
network. A marble lion, 21 feet long,
rests on the crown of eaca pillar. The
bridge was built at the command of th
Emperor Keing Long.-Exchange.
New England has now sent mawlj
MONEY IN AN OLD CLOCL
Several TLhesaad Dollars Fesad Stetk I
Away La Secret Drawers.
In an old eight-day clock in the
house of Mrs. Nancy Bebout, who I
died this week, there has been dis- e
covered several thqusand dollars. The I
Bebout home is situated in Amwell I
Township. Mrs. Nancy Bebout died ,
last Tuesday, and for a few hours
before her death she gave to her niece i
some keys which were for several I
small drawers which had been con- I
structed inside the old clock on the
stairs. After Mrs. Bebout's death the I
girl turned the keys over to the
executor of the estate, Mr. W. M.
Lee, of Itolliday's Cove, West Virginia.
He opened the clock in the front
and discovered the small drawers.
The upper one was opened, but nothing
was found. The others in the front
could be opened and he began to search
those in the rear. Upon opening the
first drawer he discovered four sacks,
which weighed in aggregate thirty
four pounds. They were filled with
gold and silver coin. These sacks of
coin are estimated to be worth many
thousands of dollars, though the exe
cutor did not count the contents, tak
ing them to a bank in Steubenville,
Ohio, where they were deposited.
Mr. Lee was in Washington yester
day and filed the will of Mrs. Bebout
for probate. She bequeathed $100 to
the Board of Foreign Missions of the
Presbyterian Church and distributed
her property, real and personal, among
her nieces and nephews. To one she
bequeathed the eight-day clock, but
no mention was made of the contents.
Jeremiah Bebout was a cabinet mak
er by trade, and over three score years
ago made this old clock. In the in
terior he placed a variety of little
drawers, which were ornamented and
so constructed as not to be noticeable.
Mr. Bebout was a man of industry
and frugality, and during his life ac
cumulated much money. He would
never invest any of his earnings and
had no faith in banks. Within this
old clock, which stood at the head of
the stairs, he, year after year, placed
the money which he had saved and
He died several years ago, and it
was not until the time of his death
that he told his wife of the secret,
and she has since then carefully guard
ed it, as she did not need any of the
money, having plenty to live on.
Moving Pictures of Yearse!L
The old-fashioned "still life" photo
graphy is to give way to the photo
graphic living picture.
Hitherto only the brave and fair have
been "biographed" and "mutoscoped."
Tramping soldiers and dancing actress
es have held full sway. That is to be
altered. The blograph and mutoscope
syndicate is about to open a studio of
biography on Regent street, London.
There any one will be blographed who
so desires, just as one is photographed
at present at the protographer's.
The biograph studio will be fitted up
in the most fashionable style. The
operating room will be spacious and
elegant, lighted by are lamps equal to
100,000 candle power. The great diffi
culty in "biography" is the elimination
of shadows-that has been perfectly
arranged. The quick-firing camera
will work at the rate of more than
forty pictures a second, and will go on
just as long as may be desired.
The studio will also provide a ready
made supply of magic lanterns slides.
By an ingenious device, which simply
requires the addition of a lens and an
electric lamp to the ordinary muto
scope machine, the living pictures tak
en at the studio may be thrown on a
screen for the delectation of family
Japam sad Camseper.
Within a year the camphor trade of
the world has become a monopoly. The
trees which yield this fragrant and
useful gum are to be found all over
Asia and the East Indles, but the prin
cipal production from them is confined
to the Island of Formosa, which be
longs to Japan. China was never able
to furnish more than 200,000 pounds
a year, and Japan now produces about
300,000. Formosa's annual output for
several years past has been between
6,000,000 and 7,000,000 pounds. Little
is to be had at present from any other
source, and there is no prospect of any
change in the situation for a long time
In deciding to exercise control over
the production of camphor, Japan has
been actuated by two motives. In the
first place, she wants to obtain revenue
therefrom, as France does from the
match and cigar industries. But she
also seeks to avert the killing of the
goose which lays the golden eggs for
her. In other words, she has under
taken to protect the camphor forests,
whlch'were in danger of extinction.
Ilew Se IKeew.
Speaking of kindergartens for colotr
ed children calls to mind the experi
ence of a "befo' de wah" matron who
was teaching one of the little darklem
on her plantation how to spell.
The primer she used was a pictorial
one, and over each word was its ac
companying picture, and Polly glibly
spelled o-x, ox, and b-o-x, box, ete.
But the teacher thought she was mak
nlog right rapid progress, so abshe put
hlier hand over the picture and said:
"Polly, what does o-x spell?"
"Ox," said Polly, nimbly.
"How do you know that it spells ox,
"Seel his tall," replied the apt Polly.
- F -"
Iegalreuset o Islt.
The requirements of health eat be
counted on the fngers of ese ba,
They are: Good air, good food, altb.
hie clothing, cleanliness and eusee
Pencils from slate rust muontled by
iydraulte pressure arre adeo r
qnmTg~t4D in TennR as
01ME0 3 R LIFF D uELLERS
Sves Sety Cemmeast Buildig Foad Ness
Oallsap, K M.
A seven story stone, communal
building, 50150 feet, has been discov
red 35 miles northeast of Gallup,
New Mexico, by O. R. Morrison. The
building was put up without cement.
. number of stone utensils and weap
mns have been found there, also heads
and parts of skeletons. Other ruins
have been found to the northeast and
southeast of Gallup. There is no
water within five miles of the com
munal building, and no signs of any
otber buildings. There is a large
quantity of broken pottery nearby.
Along the foothills of the Zuni Moun
tains, on almost every point of the nu
merous valleys, are found stone houses
from two to five feet above the
ground, and below the surface five or
six feet. In some Instances large pine
trees are growing on the remains of
old systems of irrigation, which are
to be seen in places where there is at
present no sign of water
Ramah Is built in the ruins of an
ancient city, where large blocks of
stone have been used in the construc
tion of the houses. These evidences
of a large population are not confined
to this region, but extend In an almost
unbroken chain to Mexico on the
south and to the Rio Grande on the
east. Fifteen years ago seven car
loads of stone utensils, arrowheads,
weapons, beads, pottery and bones of
all descriptions were shipped to the
Smithsonian Institution, at Washing
ton, but this region has not been
touched in the way of exploration In
the Interest of archaeology. The early
Spanish explorers said that a large
river was found between Gallup and
Little Colorado and that boats had to
be made to cross it.
J. C. Hulsinger. spec!al agent of the
Interior Department, has been author
ized to prohibit all excavations on gov
ernment land and the casryipg away
of relics from the cliff dwdltgs. He
has been ordered to examine the most
interesting ruins in New Mexico, Ari
sona and Colorado, with a view of
having them set aside as reservations
wherever practicable, and to Inform
all persons excavating them that they
will be prosecuted. Future excava
tions are to be carried on under gov
Mr. Hulsinger has examined the
forest growths in the White Capitan
and Sacramento mountains and has
recommended the establishment of a
forest reservation. He picked out
only 150,000 acres of strictly forest do
main, in the mountains at the head
waters of the Bonito, Eagle Creek,
Rudoso and Hondo. Pine, spruce and
fir cover the proposed reserve. The
residents of that region, while opposed
to a large reserve, favor a reserve of
strictly forest land, that will protect
the headwaters of the streams men
Why Dried Lizard Is High.
Some time ago in looking over the
market for Chinese edibles and dell
cales the enterprising firm of Bow
Tsue Tong & Co., importers, of San
Francisco, discovered a shortage in
the supply of dried lizards and Im
ported a quantity. The custom
house appraiser looked through the
Dingley act to see what the tariff on
dried lizards was, but the framers of
this law had forgotten to mention this
commodity. The appraiser learned
later that the usual way of utilis
ing the lizard after he had been prop
erly dried was to simmer him on a
stove, making a tea similar to the
herb tea so justly popular In rural dis
tricts. Then the patient sipped the
concoction. Now just where lizard tea
ceases to be an extract of meat and
becomes a medicinal preparation the
board of appraisers does not attempt
to say, but of this much it is sure, that
it is a medicinal preparation and
should pay 25 per cent. ad valorem.
The collector at San Francisco was
sustained in fixing this rate instead of
the 10 per cent. the importers claimed
was proper on "unmanufactured artl
des." Bow Tsue Tong & Co. attempt
ed to show that dried lizards were on
all fours with horned frogs, the treas
ury having ruled in the case of the
frog that it was an article of food.
The board of appraisers, however,
held that the question of the medicl
nal value of the trog was never con
sidered, and so the case was different.
-Chlcago Inter Ocean.
For clearness read Macauley.
For logic read Burke and Bacon.
For action read Homer and Scott.
For conciseness read Bacon and
For sublimity of conception read Mil
For vivacity read Stevenson and
For imagination read Shakespeare
For elegance read Virgil, Milton and
For common sense read Benjamin
For simplicity read Burns, Whittler
For smoothness read Addison and
For interest in common things read
For humor read Chaucer, Cervantes,
Rabelals and Mark Twain.
For choice of individual words read
Kests, Tennyson and Emerson.
For the study of human nature read
Shakespeare and George Ellot.
For loving and patient observation
of nature read Thoreau, Burroughs
Saesty f its Mals
Out of the 17,000,000 pieces of regls
tersd mail handled annually in the
Ualted States the los has been only
sce-thoeandth of 1 per cent and i
the trasmsislon of ordinary letters
1 lss Is bt seven-theosandths of 1
Wt cat--Pittsbmes Post.
-'r1e am f.090 miles of reinlW
w ith Ri @ Iiis New g ee ~m4
S1at Gveilult of II luia.u
Oovornor-W. W. Heard,
Secretary of State--John Miehel.
Snperintendent of Education--John
Auditor-W. S. Frasee.
Treasurerr Ledoux E. Smith.
U. S. SENATORS.
Don Caferey and 8. D. McEnery.
1 District-K. C. Davey.
2 District-Adolph Meyer.
8 District-B. F. Brounsard.
4 District-P. Brasoale.
5 Distriot--J. E. Ransdell.
6 District-8. M. Robinson.
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