THE BANN ER=DEMOCRAT .
VOL. XIII. LAKE PROVIDENCE, EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1901 NO. 40.
THE THREE FOOLS.
ree souls once met upon the way-. The third soul walked in silence on.
The way from Here to There- " Then turned the other two,
e way that leads from this old world, AnV murmured: "Tell us, brother soul,
And finds its end Somewhere. Pray, tell us what were you?"
three souls-they met, and greeted there, "I knew no statecraft," said the third.
As souls are wont to do, - "I did not head a school.
.nd each soul to the other said: I only tried to make men smile
"Before this-what were you?" I, brothers, was a Fool.
The first soul drew his airy shape "I sang, I jibed, I jested, too;
Up to its proudest height, I gave the best I had,
I was a Statesman," answered he; Yet all the impulse deep I felt
"A man of mind and might, Was but to make men glad."
t led my people. With my words The other souls fell back a pace,
I held them by my side, With manner grave and cool
t heard their proud acclaims each days And as they moved with statel7 tread
And then-and then-I died." They scowled, and said: "A Fool!"
The next soul smiled a gracious smiles 'Twas thus they came unto the Gate,
With condescension filled, And craved an entrance there,
And said: "I was a Sage. I wrote. They told their names and deeds again
And men thought as I willed. The Fool and then the pair.
I wrote, I spoke-I taught the world The Keeper smiled, swung wide the gate,
What it should feel and see. And, in a voice of cheer,
&My books were studied everywhere-. Ile cried: "Make way upon the street,
And then-they buried me." Three fools would enter here!"
--Josh Wink, in Baltimore American,
THE FAIRY BOY.
ILLINEY HILL is eight miles
from Dublin. On its summit
is a conspicuous obelisk,
whence the traveler may en
joy a rich reward for his toil in as
cending the mountain in the diversi
fled prospects of sea and land which
this situation commands. Hence may
be seen the bays of Dublin and Killi
ney, the Islands of Dalkey, Ireland's
Eye, Lambay and the Peninsula of
Howth. Near the base of the hill, to
the right, is Mount Druid, a mansion,
so named from a much-admired an
tiquity called the Druids' Temple.
But I do not intend to give a his
tory of Killiney, nor even a descrip
tion of it or its neighborhood. My sole
business at present is with a certain
Widow O'Reagan and her only off
spring, Dermot, who formerly took up
their abode in a neat thatched cabin,
near the foot of the hill in question.
Dermot was a pale, delicate, yellow
haired boy, with a crooked back. He
was nicknamed the "Changeling" by
some of the peasantry. Others would
call him the "Fairy Boy," in conse
quence of the reports which had been
circulated far and near that once, in
the dead of night, when the Widow
O'Reagan had gone into the garden to
draw a pitcher of water from the well
the cradle In which her child lay sleep
ing had been robbed by some thIeving
sprite of the mountain, and the mortal
babe witched away In exchange for
the disproportioned Dermot.
The poor youth's lot was indeed a
hard one. He was shunned by young
and old. His mother, whom he loved
better than his own life, was the only
friend he had in the world. She, In
turn, prized him as her soul's jewel,
for her lone boy's loneliness made him
more dear to her than the apple of her
eye. Often would she press her lips to
his pale forehead with the warm glow
of love which none but a mother can
Some sixteen summers had passed
over, yet the fragile boy would never
present himself at the wake, the fair
or the bridal, for he dreaded the
thoughtless ones who delighted to jeer
and make sport of his shapeless back.
His chief source of amusement was
his loved harp, for Dermot was a min
strel, and often sought the seclusion of
the dingle and caverned dell, hopihg
to commune with the viewless inhabit.
ants of the fairy mounds and haunted
raths. Nor was he always alone in his
sequestered retreat, for Una McBride,
the fairest of Wicklow's daughters,
night by night had heard his exquisite
strains with that pure delight which
that tuneful melody sometimesawakes
in the souls of the young, but Dermot
as yet had never seen the angel face
of his fair admirer. One calm autumn
evening Una, who had become pretty
familiar with the bard's favorite
haunts, set out as usual, and with
noiseless step succeeded in reaching
the shade of the spreading boughs of
an old oak tree, where he was engaged
in playing one of Carolan's famous old
airs. She could not resist the min
strel's power, and so she continued to
listen and love, and might have died
ere her love was known but for a
strange accident. The harper had
barely concluded the enchanting mel
ody, when with death-like face and
flashing eyes, Una McBride sprang
wildly from her place of concealment
and fell like a corpse by the side of
A famished wolf in his nightly
prowl had followed her, but before he
reached his intended prey young Der
mot's arm was dyed in the monster's
blood, for his harp was cast aside and
his hunting-knife buried deep in the
fierce brute's heart. Again and again
the keen-edged blade was stoutly plied
at its deadly work, till at last the sayv
age wolf lay prostrate on the blood
Dermot's next task was to offer what
aid he could to the aifrigllted malden,
but as he approached the fainting
form and gazed upon the peerless face
tof the beauteous Una an agonizing
pang of withering dread chilled him to
the heart, and, with streaming eye, he
exclaimed: "Why should an object of
codtempt. snuch as I am, disturb the
angel She'll awake too soon-too soon
to loathe and scorn me." There is an
anguish which no words can utter. It
must be felt when the solemn knell of
holpe rings sadly out, leaving its victim
worse than death-despair! Such grief
wi's Dermot's. Hope died within him
and he was desolate. Tears,. burning
tears, the first hbls manhood ever shed.
rolled down his pale cheeks. Present
ly, however, a magical change came
ever him, for Una having regained her
coneclousness a voice fell upon his ear
as sweetly clear as the entrancing
strains of his own harp. Again the
rose-like blush mantled her cheek,
while ini her eyes of blue sparkled com
bined love, gratitude and joy.
From that hour Dermot was an al
tered man. His mind was ever
haunted by his own graceless form.
Morning, noon and night he sought the
shade of thu woodland dells and
glade., where le#ed. had told blm the
all-potent Leprechaun was to be found.
His face was haggard, his neglected
hair hung matted on his back; a fear
ful light flashed from his sunken eyes.
Una's love for her preserver grew
more devoted as his wretchedness In
creased. Yet the poor harper, mistak
ing her affection for mockery, as he
gazed upon her fair face, would some
times strike his breast as if seized
with a sudden pang and rush from her
presence like a maniac, wending his
way to the thicket and the dell in
quest of the kind fairy by whose pow
er his uncouth form was to be ex
changed for one of perfect beauty.
It was a beautiful summer evening
that fell on Killiney, but Dermot, who
found himself alone on the hillside,
felt sensations very different from
those which might result from the
beauty of the scene. Before he had
reached the base of the mountain the
sun had long since been hidden from
his eyes, so that he was left almost
in utter darkness. The struggling
light of the moon, however, suddenly
revealed to him a strange spectacle.
It was the figure of a dwarfish creat
ure, attired in scarlet from top to toe,
seated on a moss-covered stone, with
in the shadow of what appeared to be
a species of tower. The little fellow
seemed to be busily employed in ham
mering away upon the sole of a tiny
"By all that's fortunate," muttered
Dermot, "I've tracked him at last-It's
the Leprechaun himself." Trembling
with awe and bewilderment he cau
tiously groped his way to the enchant
ed spot. Meanwhile the fairy, who
happened to be in a pleasant mood,
trolled a roundelay of merry verses,
marking the time upon the sole of the
shoe. But to his dismay an exclama
tion of delight from an unexpected
quarter brought his song to an abrupt
conclusion. For Dermot, having ad
vanced softly on tiptoe dexterously
whipped the little shoemaker from off
his bench and held him up triumphant
ly between his forefinger and thumb
as he cried exultingly:
"Ha, ha, you're mine, mine at last.
I have you tight, my little man."
"You're right you have," replied the
captured sprite. "Still, it might be
better for yoursel: if you'd let me
loose, Mr. Dermot O'Reagan."
"Do you know me?"
"Of course, my man. You're mad
"Imp," cried Dermot, "you have the
power, I am told, to bestow beauty
and wealth upon me."
"And suppose I have. Why should I
waste my precious gifts on a creature
"That I may win the heart of fair
"A modest request, indeed," said the
sprite. "And what is to be my reward
for such a favor?"
"Whatever you ask," replied Der
mot. "My very life if you desire it"
"Well, Dermot, I'll not deny you,
for nothing would please me better
than to befriend a musical genius, and
I know there's not a harper fit to com
pete with you in the four provinces,
but reflect a moment before you make
a rash bargain. Remember that fairy
gifts are things that good men fear."
"I fear nothing but the loss of Una's
love," cried Dermot. "Keep me no
longer in suspense. Strike this vile
blemish from my back, give me a form
fit to grace the 'noblest knight and
riches that I may feel myself worthy
to claim Una for my wife."
"'Tis done," said the sprite.
"You are now changed In form and
face, and here fix your gaze upon the
world's master-gold, yellow gold. It
is yours. It will buy you all-all but
the pure love of a woman's heart. Go,
now, without delay to Una, and should
she consent to be your bride when she
sees the knightly plume waving on
your brow, call to mind my warning
her heart will prove as fickle as her
face is fair-but should she reject you,
meet me here again to-morrow night
when the moon rises." Thus saying
the fairy shoemaker plunged into the
thicket and was soon lost to view.
Dermot's sudden transformation, ln
stead of hastening the fulfillment of
his soul's dearest wish, proved to be
his greatest stumbling block. Una was
so utterly astounded at the daring in
truder, as she termed him, when he
spoke of marriage that she disdain
fully ordered him to go about his bus
ness, little dreaming that in the per
son of the courtly knight her words of
scorn were addressed to her own Der
mot. And no wonder, for his own
mother failed to recognize him. Voice
form, feature, all were so marvelously
changed that a sillgle glance at his
mirror convinced him of the difficulty
he would find in attempting to prove
his identity. His vows of affection
and fidelity, uttered with a volubility
in strange contrast with his former
bashful hesitancy, were thrown away
upon the indignant Una.
"Begonc, sir!" cried the astonished
girl. "I deem It no knightly part that
y should bend your kinee and speak
anftt accents of constancy and truth.
seeking with countless gold to baci
your perjured vows. Let your homage
cease, sir knight. I'll hear no more!"
With these words she hurried out of
the room, unheeding the efforts made
by Dermot to detain her.
"Am I, then, rejected?" he mur
mured. "She spurns me. My love, af
ter all, was but an idle dream, and
for that dream I must forfeit my etes
In spite of himself Dermot could not
help feeling struck with the warning
that was given him on the night be
fore by the Leprechaun:
"Should she consent to be your bride
when she sees the knightly plume
waving on your brow, her heart will
prove as fickle as her face is fair."
Accordingly, after sunset, Dermot
set out to talk the matter over with
his mysterious patron of Killiney Hill.
"Take back your gifts!" he cried, I
"they have been my curse. Theknight- I
ly wooer was derided where once the
wretched hunchback was dearly loved
-take back your gold and return to
me my former shape."
"'Tis done," said the sprite. "You
are changed again. On your brow I
see once more the glorious lines of
thought-the vivid mind which fairy
gold could never purchase. Why did
you repine? No jewel was brighter
than your deep blue eye. Your back,
'tis true, is warped, but your manly
heart is the stronghold of honor. Did
you think that outward show alone
could stir the passion of pure love?
Believe me, Dermot, that one kind ac
tion, one memory of a good deed done,
the utterance of a single word, but
faintly whispered, will rivet chains
which last till death. You have with
in you a mightier power to gain your
ends than ever fell from fairy lips.
Return at once to Una. You need have
no fear if you trust in Virtue's power."
What more need be added? Why
should I dwell longer upon Dermot's
suit? The magic spell of love bound
heart to heart, contentment blessed
their union, and for many happy
years no couple in the romantic Coun
ty of Wicklow was more respected
than Una McBride and her fairy boy.
New York News.
French Contempt of English.
It was my good fortune to have an
opportunity for considerable conver
sation with a young and distinguished
(French) officer, and I was much
struck by the quiet contempt with
which he spoke of the recent achieve
ments of the British arms, and by
the eminent opinions which he quoted
as his authorities. "Your navy is
strong, but your army-you have no
army," he would say, and then hasten
back to praises of the fleet to cover
the unguarded utterance. His opin
ion of the course of any future war
between England and France was not
without interest. They would draw
away the fleet from the Channel, and
if they could keep the sea clear for
forty-eight hours 100,000 men might
laud in England. The war would then
be over. "The English! I know the
English," he would say. "We should
kill a few, we should march on Lon
don and kill a few more, and when
they saw that the others would. stop
fighting and pay. We know the
English. Look at their surrenders in
Africa. It is all arranged. But I
hope there will never be a war. It
would be a pity. I like the English
very well myself. Oh, yes, it would
be a flying column, but what of that?
There would be very little danger, and
we should make our ammunition at
Woolwich. And then you have no
This appears to be the general opin
ion, and an utter want of comprehen
sion of the difficulties of the South
African campaign has completely shat
tered our military prestige.-The Nine
Wearing Out the Brain.
A French investigator has come to
the conclusion that the brains of mili
tary and naval men give out most
quickly. He states that out or every
100,000 men of the army or naval pro
fessions 19900 are hopeless lunatics. Of
the so-called liberal professions artists
are the first to succumb to the brain
strain, next the lawyers, followed at
some distance by doctors, clergy, liter
ary men and civil servants. Striking
an average of this group, 177 go mad
to each 100,000. Domestic servants
and laborers are not far behind; the
professional men supply 155 out of
each 100,000 as candidates for the lu
natic asylum. Next, but with a long
interval, come the mechanics, of whom
only sixty-six in each 100,000 lose their
wits. Wonderful to relate, commer
cial men retain their sanity the best of
the whole group, as they send only
forty-two out of the 100,000 to the
The French scientist may be right,
and doubtless he is so far as France is
concerned, but in the United States we
are convinced the order would be dif
ferent. Doctors as a class would take
a higher rank and the commercial men
of this country go mad more frequent
ly than the "hewers of wood and the
drawers of water."-Medical Record.
Transporting a Big Pane.
According ,to a Plttsburg paper a
plate glass manufacturing concern in
the Pittsburg district recently re
ceived an order for an immense plate
of glass for a show window, which
was to be twenty-four by twenty-six
feet. They agreed to make It if the
company that ordered it would take
care of the transportation. When this
matter was taken Into consideration
by the parties who ordered the glass
they found that the only way to get
such a plate to destination would be
to have thirty men carry it. 'IThe rail
way clearance dimensions were twenty
Doves in a Chimney.
An Augusta (Me.) financier tais a
large old-fashioned chimney in his
house, subdivided into several flues,
and a great many doves have formed
the habit of making their home there
in. It is unusual for doves to make
chimneys their habitation, but this one
is full of them at all seasons of the
year. It would seem that the dust and
smoke would prove too much for them,
but only two or three have been known
to perish, and those were the young
FARE AND GARDEN.
Market Versus Fancy Stock.
There is money in market birds, but
nore of it in raising and selling breed
?rs and exhibition birds. The two are
governed entirely by the same condi
tions. The first principle in both
branches is the proper raising of the
chick. The only difference is in the
selection and mating of the stock, and
this slight difference opens up the
world for a market for your surplus
stock and eggs for hatching, once you
have proved their value.
Where potatoes grow very rank and
tend wholly toward development of
tops, beneficial results can occasion
ally be secured by trimming off about
one-third of the growth. This will
check the development above ground
and tend to force the setting of tu
bers. Of course this trimming or
pruning must be done before the time
for the potatoes to set. The growth
of tomato vines can be checked by
pinching off the ends of the main
branches and removing some of the
smaller ones when the plants are cont
paratively young. Apple trees may
be pruned at any time of the year, but
preferably in autumn or early spring,
when the trees are dormant.
How to Winter Bees.
One of the most satisfactory ways Is
keeping them in a cellar. The hives
are raised from the floor and ranged
in tiers with the backs somewhat high
er than the fronts. Each hive is raised
from the floor of the stand by small
blocks three-eighths of an inch thick.
All front entrances are left wide open
so as to give free ventilation. The
wooden covers to the hives are re
placed by chaff cushions four inches
thick, above which are placed strips of
wood to prevent the cushions coming
in contact with the hives above. In
hives backed with sawdust the ventila
tion is retarded and bees are liable
to be smothered. Hives packed with
chaff may be left out of doors, if the
ventilation is good, but they are Hla
ble to become wet and as a conse.
quence the bees will suffer.
Frame For Filing a Saw.
The illustration shows how a frame
for filing a cross-cut saw may be con
structed. It consists simply of a
board placed on four legs with six pins
as shown at a and b, then two boards,
THE FRAME AND THE SAW IN POSITION.
d, are placed by the side of an invert
ed saw and wedged by means of a
small wedge, c. The saw is thus held
firmly in place and filing made easy.
The width of the boards, d, is, of
course, governed by the size of the
saw. Have the legs of the bench long
enough so that the operator can stand
upright in filing.-New England
SBaing Corn Fodder.
We think that there is no better way
to save corn fodder than to cut and
shock it at or near maturity. Running
the sled corn cutter between the rows,
and cutting two rows at a time, is
perhaps the best way to cut it. Corn
fodder is excellent feed for all kinds
of stock if properly saved. It should
not be too ripe, nor yet so green as to
permit damage to the ear by shrink
age. The shucks should begin to turn
brown and most of the ears should
be glazed or hardening. The period
at which corn fodder can be properly
saved is necessarily short, being ir.
ited as it Is by the maturity of the
crcp and the condition of the weather.
A few frosts will dtestroy corn fodder,
especially if followed by rain, as they
cause the blades to become blackened
and to fall off. As we have said, corn
fodder is a good rough teed for all
stock, if well cured and cared for. It
should be husked and put under cov
er or placed in stacks just as soon
as it is sufficiently cured, so as to
bleach just as little as possilble. We
favor the shredding of at least that
part that is to be fed iu the stalls.
Shreddc'd fodder is much more easily
handled, does not require so much
shed room, and the refuse is readily
disposed of. The greatest drawback
to this Is the fact that sometimes the
shredded fodder moulds from exces
sive moisture. However. If care is .!x.
ercised to put only dry fodder through
the shredder this will not occur. That
the shredding of fodder is slowly win.
ning its way in popular favor we do
not doubt. At present the extra cx
pense deters many from having corn
and fodder husked and shredded by
machine. But with better machines
the work will be cheep, and the bene
fits are such as to insure a wide adop
tion of the methods.-A. N. Springer,
in Agricultural Epitom!st.
Feeding ange Cattle.
A bulletin of the National Live Stock
Association says that the question of
winter feed on the ranges is a perplex
ing one. The dry. hot summer, aug
mented by numcrouJ forest fires, not
only played havoc on the summer
ranges, but dasaged thousands of
acres of winter range anti reduced the
wa:er supply for Irrigation and the
growlng of alfalfa. It can be said
that. providing the winter Is not se
vere, the.-e is rceao.nably good pros
pests of present lho:.hngs of stock pull.
ing through on the pI.csent range and
Jay supply-. The lalter commodity is
gping to rule r:latively some higher
t1.a t laist y2sr. n. the crop is not up4
to the wl'eral,-.
rccder of cartlr it the corn belt
l:ac within the pasrt fc:v we:ks given
tvld**nce tlhat tilhey will niot do much
lcng-tine fcedin-g, ratiher nintety to 120)
day feed. Kansas. Nbta¶aska and MIs
Fouri will be wre cgpt.eially noted
for the short period, while Iowa, Illa
ois and part of Missouri are taking
more feeders for the long time than
they have in several years. In the
first two States named, the number
of cattle in the feed lots will be about
twenty per cent. less than last winter.
The sheep growers of the West have
been holding out well for last year's
prices on stockers, but within the last
month many who found themselves
short on winter feed have made con
cessions with the result that sheep and
lamb feeding this winter will be car
ried on in all sections as heavy as last.
The stock sheep have been bought at
a figure that makes the feeder com
paratively safe should he strike a mar
ket in the spring that is fifty to sev
enty-five cents per cwt. lower than
last year's market on top stuff. None
are looking for last spring's prices.
New York Weekly Witness.
A Barn For Forty Cows.
Here is a plan for a barn for forty
cows and having double stalls for
horses and a pen for a bull. It is to
be built in a hill side with about four
feet in the rear and yet is not a base
ment. The barn is in the form of an
L and has two silos.
The ground is dug out all along the
,To PBA" OLO "
ba den wilt
a te llT b r h
fl ALL STALL
in the usual way, of timber. The sills
are placed as shown, with a bridge
over the open space, so that the silqae
may be moved by a slide right on to
the main floor, and from thence be dis
tributed to the cows, below through
trap doors in the main floor. Evers
convenience has been studied. The
height of basement is nine feet and
there are plenty of windows for light
and ventilation; the basement floor is
of cement, and is fully drained, the
drainage from the gutters being car
ried to a manure shed in the covered
yard. The dotted lines show the trap
doors above for feed and litter. The
water from the main rocf is run into
a cistern at the side of the driveway
and the water from the front is col
lected in a cistern Lear the yard,
where cattle may be watered when de
sired. If desired drinking bowls may
be fitted in the stalls and supplied
with water from a pipe made to con
nect with each of the bowls, by the
simple turning of one cock under the
driveway. The two pens C.C. are
for young calves and if desired a hos.
pital pen, or two, may be made under
the driveway at the end of the open
passage. The whole cost is estimated
at from $1200 to $1500.
Eggss For Market.
Where eggs are raised for market as
a business, it is necessary to employ
the best of care in keeping and ship
ping them. Eggs that are guaranteed
fresh every day and shipped regularly
to certain dealers always pay the
best. The top prices are obtained in
this way, even if only a crate can be
collected. Crates should be labeled
so as to signify that the eggs are fresh
daily, and then it is wise to stamp
every egg with your mark. Buyers
soon learn to know your stamp. It
may be made simply out of rubber,
and the process of stamping each egg
Is small. In large cities grocers and
dealers are nearly always willing to
handle such eggs, and it will pay some
times to ship a crate or two direct to
them every day. Any negligence inl
putting stale eggs in the crate would,
of course, ruin everything. The stamp
on the eggs should be the mark of ab
solutely fresh eggs, and not a single
specimen should be allowed to creep
I have found it more profitable to
keep enough layers in winter to make
it worth while shipping eggs daily.
Nothing less than a crate or case of
thirty dozen eggs will pay to ship by
express and fresh. It takes a big
poultry yard to secure that number
of eggs daily, but by combining with
neighbors it should not be difficult.
Two or three could raise a portion of
the eggs and make up the full crate,
and send them to market by express.
More money would be obtained in this
way than by any other method.
If there are no neighbors to combine
with the eggs may be kept three or
four days and still be truthfully
marked fresh. To do this, however,
they should be taken from the nest
regularly and packed in layers of saw
dust in a cool place. The temperature
should be nearly to the freezing point
all the time. It is heat that causes
eggs to decay. Store them in the IIv
ing rooms where the temperature is
normal, and at the end of four days
they will be stale eggs.. Store them in
the sawdust bin where the tempera
ture is very low, and they will be
nearly as fresh as the day they were
laid four or five days afterward. The
packing in the sawdust tends to keep
out the air. and the low temperature
prevents inside changing. Eggs kept
this way, and shipped twice a week,
should sell for the highest prices, and
they will Invariably pass the candle
or any other test successfully.--Annlk
C. Webster, in American Cultivator.
lHllington, New Zealand, has ·o
quired the local trampwnwa ..--.
Tfhrty Million Toys Consumed Annually 4
in the United States.
There are 15,000,000 children in the ]
United States, each one of whom con
sumes at least two toys a year. These
toys laid together would form a belt ,
reaching from New York to Ban Fran
cisco. The making of them is a huge :
industry in which the factors are ma
chine, men, and women. The machines
do the hard labor, the men attend to
the mechanical part, and the women
add the artistic elements and put on
the finishing touches. New York City
is the most important centre of the
trade, and is supposed to turn out near.
ly one-half of all the toys made in the
United States. The work is irregular,
being at a maximum from July to No
vember, and at a minimum from
Christmas to April A few toys are
made exclusively by women. These
include several varieties of dolls, pa
per figures, Christmas-tree decorations,
toy flowers, and dolls' trousseaux.
With such toys as patent dolls, dolls'
houses and kitchens, Noah's arks, and
the cheaper mechanical affairs, the
work is very evenly divided between
the sexes. Strange to say, women sel
dom, if ever, succeed with mechanical
toys. On the other hand, it is Just as
rare for men to master the art of put
ting on a doll's complexion or coloring
a wooden cow so as to please the juv
The trade was formerly very un
healthful, but so many have been the
improvements of late years that most
of the former drawbacks have passed
away. The workrooms are well ven
tilated and lighted, and the accom
modations praiseworthy. About one
third of all the work is done at home.
This is particularly the case with dolls'
raiment, creations in paper, cloth.
and tinsel, and the coloring of dolls'
faces. The wages paid differ greatly.
Each shop or factory has its own sys
tem. In factories wages vary with the
skill of the operator, and run from $3
to $8 a week. The more common prac
tice is to pay by the piece. When this
is done the operative's income runs
from fifty cents to as high as $2 a
day, and averages about eighty-five
cents a day.-New York Commercial
House Gowns For Winter Wear.
Gowns to wear in the house are so
essentially feminine and dainty this
season it is small wonder that much
time, thought and expense are ex.
pended on them. They are so different
from the street costumes and allow for
so much more exercise of individual
taste that women take an especial in
terest in them. They are not neces
sarily expensive, especially this year.
In this respect they differ from the
street gowns, which call for perfection
of workmanship as well as good fit.
House gowns, the term as used this
time, including tea gowns, include the
gowns that are worn in the house or
that are smart enough to wear to an
afternoon reception or to the theatre,
but are too elaborate in design or too
light in color or texture for street
wear. A very good model for one of
these gowns is made with a long skirt
and has no trimming whatever, but in
front and at the sides are rows of
narrow tucks put in to form a yoke
shape, stitched down so that they give
no unnecessary fulness, and yet make
the skirt hang welL With this skirt
Is worn a smart blouse of lace or sat
in, embroidered net, jetted or spangled,
and with a basque that is longer in
front than back. A yoke of tucked
chiffon and jet embroidery, and a belt
and sash of chiffon, add to the soft
effect of the gown, while the under
sleeves of chiffon are gathered into a
band of embroidery at the wrist.
Iatuhable Wy of Ernalag RsMney.
The women fojk of the Methodist
Church at Oxford, a small town lo
Kansas, agreed recently to earn the
money to make some necessary church
repairs. When they had succeeded
they held an experience meeting, at
which each contributor related what
slie had done to earn her dollar. Some
of their doings tnake very laughable
Mrs. M. Collins said that one night
she was wondering how she was going
to earn any money when her hthsband
came in very tired and said he would
give a quarter to have his feet bathed.
She bathed the feet and earned the
quarter. A few days later her hus
band was tearing around the house
unting for his overshoes and said he
would give half a dollar to know what
had become of them. She told him she
had sold them to the rag man and d
manded the half. This made seventy.
five cents of her dollar, and the othew
twenty-five cents she got by making
Mrs. Fred Barnes picked peaches
and washed dishes for a neighbor.
Miss Zulu Cole engaged in a great
variety of employments. She got five
cents for washing Mrs. Middleton's
dishes, ten cents for doing some sew
ing for her sslater, five cents from her
uncle. for keeping her mouth shut fivre
minutes, five cents for killing three
cats, fifteen cents for sweeping the
sidewalk in front of two stores, ten
cents for dressing up as a darkey and
dancing the cake walk and five cents
for popping some corn.
Miss Lyda Mills made fifty cents by
mending the harness and making a
new halter for the cow.
Miss Lettie Morrill got fifty cents for
doctoring a sick calf.
South Amertaan womrn.
The men in South America bold their
women in the highest regard. Not
only do they accord them distinction
of outward deference, but they guard
them with an earnest solleitude that
protects them from every care, and
they bear for them every burden that
man can carry for women. The ebl
alry of the olden times survives among
these people. and that is doubtless one
reason why the women are so ecor
tented with their lot. A charming
womas assur a wgter .,ntriwtiag
to the Woman's Home Companion that
the South American women make the
best wives in the world. After mar
rlage the woman is as one lost to the
world. Her career is finished as far
as matters outside her domestic af
fairs are concerned. Her duties con
sist in bringing up her children, and
in exercising a mild sovereignty in her
domestic domain. There are no wom
r en's rights conventions, no woman's
temperance societies, no "daughters,"
, no mother's meetings. The wife knows
• nothing of the family finances and she
is not consulted in the consideration
i of her husband's serious affairs. South
American women are very charitable,
and are kindness itself to the poor peo
pie in their neighborhood, as they send
portions of bread and meat every day
to their poor neighbors.-Chicago
The Style In Stationersy
Some people use one kind of writing
paper from year's end to year's end,
a regardless of the changes of fashion,
but the majority like to keep up to
the times in this as in everything else.
Fashions change in writing paper, en
graving, etc., as in everything else.
For instance, a year or so ago the
square envelope was used exclusively
and the oblong one looked very old
fashioned indeed. Now, the positions
are reversed; the only stylish envelope
is oblong and the square shape quite
e passe. Two sises of oblong envelope
are de rigueur-one, the smaller, for
notes, is about three inches wide and
Sfive long. The larger style, for letters
and mostly used by men for all their
correspondence, is about three and
three-quarter inches wide by five and
three-quarter long. This difference of
three-quarters of an inch seems
trifling, but in reality it makes a decid.
ed change in the appearance of the en
There are several new styles of writ
Ing paper out this season, but most
women prefer the heavy linen, or the
bond, old blue vying with cream white
for first place as fat as tint goes.
, Etamine and French coquille, or or
gandie, are two of the latest novelties.
The former takes its name from the
open-meshed dress fabric whose weave
it closely resembles. They are both
ideas that originated in France.
The Tseked Gown Reappears.
The tucked gown has appeared again
s but made in rather different style. The
s blouse in smooth tucks that are
a stitched down or trimmed with cross
e bands of lace, the upper part of the
skirt tucked half way down is band-d
with heavy lace or embroidery and be
low the embroidery a pleated ruffle.
There are a number of new materials
that come already tucked. Tucked
waists in silk are much in evidence.
There is a tendency to band all skirts
made of thin fabrics. For example,
one of the newest skirts of crepe de
chine has a tight-fitting yoke about
four inches deep, and from it falls an
accordion-pleated skirt, which Is
banded into as small a compass as is
possible to allow enough freedom for
walking, with three four-inch bands
of stitched cloth. Heavy lace and
appliques of panne, silk or cloth are
also used for these bands.
The Monogram Under the Ban.
n Fashion's mandate has been issuco
in London and Paris to banish the
0 very tiny monograms used so long for
,t marking writing paper; so, of course,
we cannot be behindhand and we fol
t low suit, and now have a large,
strongly outlined monogram as the lat
est style. They are really a welcome
e change from the very small ones as
e they are so much more substantial,
e showier, and give so much character
't to the paper. Their comparative high
price will keep them exclusive for
I some time to come.
c Very Chle Bows.
t Perky, twisted-looking bows of pan
ne velvet are very chic. At the neck
Sof a modish cloth coat is such a bow
a In reseda. Ends continued to the bust
line, where another corresponding
bow Is formed.
t Violets are still the most popular
Sflowers worn; they are tied with gold
a ribbon, the ends finished with violet
t A black broadcloth gown trimmed
g with ermine or frogs of black and
c white braid is one of the strikingly
d novel costumes.
L White chiffon with gold thread and
e laid over gold tissue is one of the lat
,- eat and prettiest fancies for vests, col.
e lars and the like.
e Special favor is shown to black in
gowns, costumes, cloth and velvet
e wraps, gloves, and simple elegant mil
Slinery for the winter.
Of all the skirts that have made
their appearance this se:.son there is
none more popular than the skirt cut
w ith the large, deep, shaped flounces.
Colored veils dotted with chenille in
at a vermicelli pattern are one of the
e winter's fancies, and brown to match
's I the hair, worn with a brown gown, is
r- especially chic.
a The new khaki tints are almost cop
re per so much red is used in their com.
e polsition. Red is to steadily grow in
c fashion's favor until next spring, so
in that by next fall it will supersede all
Ld other tints in vogue.
is Triple shoulder-capes are a featunre
of many of the three-quarter or full
y length wraps of the season, the edges
a finished variously with a narrow band
of stitched cloth or velvet, a tiny. roll
r of fur, or three rows of fine gold braid.
The finish at the neck is a Kaiser col
lar, and Just in front shows a white
r satin stock and a dainty lace cravat.
at Hand-painted evening gowns of
Smousseline de sole are one of the fade
4 of fashion not altogether new, but a
at novel phase of this sort of decoration
d which may appeal to the eccentric wo
st man comes in a report from London.
7. The painting, or a continuation of it, is
done on the bare shoulders after the
a gown is put on, tb extend the sprays
. on the bodice. Certainly the crase for
g novelty has reached its limit in this
Sodd taac. -- . - - -- -
State Government of Louiltai.
Governor-W. W. Heard,
Secretary of State-John Miohel.
Superintendent of Educatiok--Joeh
Auditor-W. S. Frazee.
Treasurer-Ledou1 E. Smith.
U. S. SENATORS.
Don Cafforey and S. D. MoEnery.
1 Distriot-it. C. Davey.
2 District--Adolph Meyer.
8 District-R. F. Broussard.
4 District-P. Braseale.
5 Distriot--J. E. Ranedell.
6 District-S. M. Robinson.
bhiiiieoooeOo" ee eeoeeeoo
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