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FIVE YEARS FOR MEHAFFY.
Ex-Detectlve Convicted of Perury In
Chub Wall Murder Case.
Ex-Detective William S. Mehaffy
was tried at Clayton. Rabun county,
Ga., Friday for perjury and sentenced
to the penitentiary for five years.
Last May he appeared as a witness
In the trial of Chub Wall, who was
charged with the murder of Chris
O'Byrne. Mehaffy and others swore
that they had heard a prisoner in the
Tower at Atlanta say he had killed
O'Byrne and that Wall was innocent.
It developed that Mehaffey's story
A g Amerlesa dra e aed six
te;n sape i Vime , Austria, to sell
Lah smad to a"s wed
That you s who eemetled to have a
orlo a blood 1 eat to sae bhis e.
e, set a remarkable example of heroises.
e~lldest abows what power the is in
good blood. These is only -e matal way
to get good blood, ad that I from the stow
ob. If the stowmch ede assmmee, try
Hosttter'a 8tomach Bitters. This weder
tat mediine aaras dyspeafd. iadigstioi,
essetipaion ad makes ri red blood.
bailroad building, which is ati faIn
Mexico, will serve to break up the proe
vincial system of that contrl.
ea advt. of 8xrrwssata' Buassrg Co..aws
last year tax was paid on 1i303,dSl
pounds of oleomargarine.
PoruAs 'anvmn s Dras do ntot, sheMi
or gtve your geo an unevenly yed appr
aos. Soldby all drsggsts.
It has been estimated that it wll e
qs- eighty-five men working every day
until 1947 to unearth the eatire rums of
We offer One Hundred Dollars leward for
may ease of Catarrh that asnnot be cared by
Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. J. Csusar & Co., Props., Toledo, O.
We, the undersigned, bhave known P. J. Che
ney for the last 15 years, sad beheve hmper
teetly honorable in all business transaction
sad financially able to carry out say oblige
lion made by their firm.
West A Taunx, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo,
WALDIeG, KI*rWa & Masrtsn Wholesale
Druggists. Toledo, Ohio.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken Internally, act
ing directly upon the blood and mucous ear
faces of the system. Price, 75c. per bottle.
Sold by all Druggiste. Testimonials free.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
Kansas City, Mo., ha a city forester
whose duty it is to plant and protect
trees on the public streets.
est goer the oewele.
No matter what alls you, headace to a I
eancer, you will never get well until your
bowels are put right. Caeoasaus help alutre,
cane you without a gripe or pain, prodnee
easy natural movements, cost you just 10 6
eente to start getting your health back. Csu
casrvs Candy Cathartic, the genuine, pat up
In metal boxes every tablet hae 0C.O.
stamped-on it. Beware of imilations.
Herman :egan, of ht. Louis, Mo., has
constructed a Turkish bath house to be I
run as a trolley car.
FITS permanently cared. No ts orservesm.
ness after first day's use of Dr. Kline's O>eS
Nerve Restorer. t2 trial bottle sod trease tree
Dr. R. H. Krzus, Ltd., I Arch t., Phila. 1
The footpad naturally breaks into a I
shoe store for booty. I
Mrs. Winslow's Soothng t'apt erekhdrea
teething, softaen the gams, redoaes namuma
tion,allays pala, cares wind solo. o a botte t
The man who makes alarm cloeks ought
to do a rousing business.
Pio's Core is the best meAdites we ever used
for all affctions of throst ad luagp.-W.
O. EiDsLW.'. VAnhD'.M TV . b, 10.1 0.
No matter how bad musie ma he it
never comes out at the small ad of the
o asol person rebels at swt amedI
Yumcatan Chi Tonoe eoalalu noth
InPg sokening ad Is easually alilla
ed by the weakest stomah.
A trial bottle will cavnline any ulek
person of its superiority over al so
called tasteless, chill I tootes. esat
a bott, For sale by deal e a -
elo. Made onty by The Amslea
PharmaJ Co (Iaeporasab) lie
MAdverw el this
MLwys at ,srk
a. yer iaarest.ftr Ubul
re- A .pply a thI
rLMerethaa eiaCo ei s
The rioat c. oLi uI.e A I
and WSO sho
rep orh baA 58.00 and S-S
hoem t be mad ta ed.
has slwags been pa oe mg t 4a
W.LD. oreu .0andS3.0
aboe than any other two m taeN,
W. L Deotel #4.00 St Edge Use
seent be sqestlld at as rl
WIst upon htar w. L .nleeM ehes
aow 5. O ' I a I t w-If
memt554hasra~rn esq Id
Some people fear the bridges far beyond
may not be strong,
And even, as they move ahead, keep
dragging woe along.
Some people cast their glances back
where shaky bridges sway,
And worry over troubles they have
passed upon the way.
S11In Little lloSDitaL
In the little country hospital the
young nurses were very .mod and at
tentUve to everybody, not having been
in the business long enough to have
grown callous. They were nice girls,
mostly in their first year's course, and
their lips would twitch and their
faces whiten very often In the
operating room. or when they held a
patient's hand while he died in the
night. But they were brave and went
about the pretty hospital singing soft
ly in the cool corridors, carrying lit
tle white-clothed trays to the sick
rooms, and being the best of medi
cines thsmselves by reason of their
neatness, their bright eyes and their
Now, one beaatiful bright spring
afternoon, at the railroad junction in
the town, two trains, filled with pleas
ure-seekers, smashed together, and
the doctor nmd the matron and the
nurses were plunged into a world of
work, for ambulance after ambulance
came driving up from the scene of the
accident and left to the care of the
girls many people sorely hurt. And
among them was a very little boy,
about six years old, whom nobody
knew anything about, because his
father and mother were both killed in
the collision, and there was nothing
on them to show who or what they
were, except that they were poor. It
is comprehensible that a very great
deal of attention was paid to this lit
tle fellow, and he would have been
placed in the woman's ward, as the
hospital was too small for a children's
ward. but the woman's ward was full.
So the boy, quite insensible, was laid
on a cot in the men's ward, and next
to him was laid a big, brown-beerded
man, also insensible, from whose
clothes hal been gathered quite a sum
of money and whose few papers went
to show he had been a sailor. He was
a very rough-looking man, indeed.
The man came to his senses first,
and it was night. The nurse on watch
was quite frightened at the man. He
was in pain, and great allowance must
be made for that, but never, in all
her life, had the little nurse to listen
to such words as came from the big
brown-bearded man's lips. He wanted
to get up and go right away, and he
found he could not move his great,
massive legs. So he began to abuse
his fate, and the railway and the hos
pital and the nurse and mankind in
general. He was a very bitter-mouthed
man indeed. The little nurse, by the
light of the night lamp, did her best
to soothe him, because he aroused
other patients, and there was a terri
ble groaning and wailing in the small
ward. And all at once the little boy
came to his senses, too, just for a
minute, and his face was turned up
to the sailor's face, and his eyes fell
upon the sailor's face. He was not
quite sensible yet for it seemed he
mistook the sailor for his dead papa,
and he said very prettily:
"Good-morning, dad. How are you
The sailor, looking isto the little
fellow's eyes, was abashed and stopped
his swearing, and was silent for a
moment, and then muttered clumsily:
"I'm all right."
"That's nice," said the boy, and be
dame unconscious again.
The sailor did not abuse anything
any more just then, but lay groaning,
and every now and then when the
little nurse slipped by in the shadows,
he called to her softly, and the first
time he said:
"Pretty little chap."
The nurse nodded and smiled, and
the sailor smiled back and, until
morning came at last, he only groaned
and watched the child, and dli not
curse at all, but every time the nurse
care to wipe his brow or give him
drink, he whispered to her to look at
"Pretty boy-he thought I was his
dad," he said, and would have laughes,
only his pain made him groan in
stead. Again he caught the nurse's
"Bald It was nice, he did. Cute.
ain't he?" and then his face twisted
But neither could the sailor rise
from his back. and neither could the
sailor hope to sail the sea again, for
he was in the same case with the
child and both were slowly dying. At
first sometimes the big brown man
woul i forget himself in his pain, and
the nurses would shut their ears, ter
rifed, and the matron would threat.
en to move him to a room by him
self, and that frightened him to si
lence, for ever since the accident he
had a great love for the child. The
child would look at his huge friend
in surprise when he fell into one of
his rages and say:
"Oh, John, that's notl.aice."
And John would bite his lips at
once and be patient. Then the child
"How do you feel, John?" .
And the sailor would answer:
"First rate, Joe."
"That's nice." little Joe would say,
and they would lie quiet and look out
of the window at the river and be
yond where the big hills purple] to
the skiles, and were always looking
So It was in the mornings, when Joe
seemed always first awake, and ready
to have his hands and face washed
by the nurse. He could not turn about
to see the other paltents. but he
learned all their names and as soon
as be heard them moving, he always
asked very politely:
"And bow do you feel. Mr. Smith?"
And Mr. Smith would always an
swer, because it pleased the child:
"First rate. Joe."
"That's nice." said Joe, and so he
would ask each in turn. and to each
answer, always the same, he would
reply cheerfully: "That's nice."
And when they asked him how it
went with him, he always said, though
sometimes with an effort. "I'm pretty
well, thank you." Then everybody
would say, with real pleasure: "That's
So the summer went on and very
few patients came to the hospital,
and John and Joe were alone, save
for the nurses who grew to dread *,he
time that was soon to prt the
At last they told the sailor that
there uwas no hope at all for him-a
clergyman came to prepare hlam He
took the nam very calmly. but ia
"And the little fellow, Joed
"Deat tell him." Lsaid she talmler
h mI bw m e t he sede s prp.
u.Mm UrnS egP'
For days the poor sailor was in
much trouble, and one night he whis
pered to his little companion:
"Joe, say you was rich as Vander
bilt, and was going a long sail, would
you leave me behind?"
"No. John," said the child very ear
nestly, "I would want you to come
"Would you feel sorry, Joe, to sail
away and leave me on the wharf, or
or if you was safe on a big fine ship,
see me busted to pieces on the rocks?"
"John!" said the child, ."I would
jump out and pull you to my ship, I
"Good old Joe," said the sailor, and
said nothing more until prayer time,
when he squeezed Joe's hand and
"Pray hard, Joe. Pray hard for me
to come along. Pray for two, Joe."
And little Joe prayed for two.
The two used to watch for the
searchlight of the big night boat whioh
ran between two great cities on the
river. When the steamer turned a
point, Its light flashed for an instant
full on the front of the little hospital.
Joe and John, nand in hand, very,
very weak now, would lie and watch
for it. Joe had made a story that it
knew they were there and smiled in
on purpose to say "Good night." Al
ways he piped "good night," in re
turn, and John also. Then Joe,
squeezing the once powerful hairy
hand, would feebly ask:
"How do you feel tonight?"
"First rate, Joe," poor John would
answer, with a smothered groan.
And they would lie very still or
gradually go to sleep.
And so one night the steamboat
came up the river and turned the
point and cast its light upon the lit
"Good night," said the sailor, in a
very low, nusky whisper, while Joe's
little hand rested on his. But the
boy's eyes were wide with a strange
"It didn't say 'good night,' John,"
he whispered, and tried to squeeze
his friend's hand. "It said 'good
The sailor tried to rise in bed, but
was unable even to call out. He saw
the river, but he could not see toe
other side. It was dark. He was
afraid. His fingers closed round the
"How--do--you-feel tonight, dear
John?" said little Joe's voice very
softly and tenderly.
There was a moment's pause. The
sailor's voice rang out with a glad
"First rkte, Joe:"
"That's nice," said the child.
And the little nurses, running in
found the friends had gone together.
P. Y. Black, in Los Angeles Times.
PEARLS OF THOJGHT.
Endurance is noble, lethargy the
Obligations menace friendship and
The mantle of silence generally has
a few holes in it.
To be honored socially is not to be
Argumentative victories always
leave scars behinci
Fault-finding has its root in dislike,
criticism in kindness.
Those who try too hard to be smart
prove they are stupid.
Fear is a murderer at heart and
envy the breeder of lies.
Impulsive women dig pits,into which
they finally fall headlong.
Keeping ones woes to oneself is an
excellent proof of wisdom.
Mistaking possibility for probability
has wrecked many a fortune.
The desire to please is normal and
the desire to supplant abnormal.
Little tongues are more powerful
than the ingenious might credit
Silent reformation is far more poten
tial than open confession of error.
Never bemoann your few friends;
you thereby save additional enemies.
'Tis better to have a dinner of herbs
and harmony than a banquet and tears.
Mean men and haggling women
make the eyes weary and the ears
Young knowledge Is a braggart.
Aged wisdom says very little until
Never build upon a possibility,
Thereby you will be saved much dis
Diplomacy is never so valuable as
in the marital relation; it bridges dif
ferences otherwise fatal to peace.
Envy none. Every heart has some
secret chamber of horrors, and those
who seem most gay have often the
grimmest skeleton.-Philadelphia Rec
Cansrles at Weather Prophets.
"I have heard of all sorts of barom
eters, or rather weather signs, but I
know of no more reliable weather
prophets than my birds," said a Baltl
more lady who owns several canaries.
"I can almost always tell when it is
going to rain by the distinctness with
which I can hear the trains at night,
but the birds are even more reliable
than that. If I hear them singing
in the morning early before I take
the coverings of their cages off I
know that the day will be a good one,
no matter if it is raining at the mo
ment, but if they do not sing I am
esure there will be bad weather be
fore the day is over. I have never
known them to fall, and I never think
of going shopping or calling unless
the birds sing In early morning. That
is why I never get caught in the rain,
as many of my friends do. That poor
weather bureau map who makes so
many mistakes in his prophecies
ought by all means to get himself
some canaries."-Baltimore Sun.
Japan's Up-nto-Datle Potal Service.
There is one little exhibit in the
postal museum which Illustrates the
degree of perfection to which the pos
tal service of Japan has been brought.
It Is a missive pasted over many
times with "forwarding slips," show
ing the efforts made by 'the postal
authorities to deliver the letter to
the addresses. There are about 25
of these "forwarding slips" on the
envelope, and these make it clear that
the letter followed the addresses all
over the lanld of Japan. There is
a law in Japan which directs that a
citiseon, upon reaching a determina.
tion to change his abode, shall notify
the postal authoritles of his new ad
Mr.. P.'s -appe*.dte.
"Shce Spiras lost his teeth he
can't speak dstinctly nor eat proper
fooi" rearked Mr. BloomBeld.
"I snpposa he has to It+r on sum
irmp and speak gum Arable, added
Mv 3alesIte...ttseb' Shuummls.s
From the Kitten.
I am only a kitten, and what can I do
To keep myself busy the longest day
I can eat a good dinner, and drink some
And smooth my soft fur till it's glossy
I can play when I'm frisky, and sleep
and grow fat,
And in time I'll be known as "tele fam
Of all the birds the tiny humming
birds are the most lovely. They look
like animated jewels as they dart
about from flower to flower in the
sunshine. As is so often the case
with birds of beautiful plumage, they
have no song to speak of. Moreover,
they are as quarrelsome as the saucy
sparrow, fighting with their mates as
well as with strangers. They are very
inquisitive, too, their curiosity often
getting them into trouble, and some
times even into the collector's net.
But like most wild things they cannot
bear captivity, and usually pine away
and die. For that they are such ex
quisite creatures, the South American
Indians call them the pretty names of
the beams and locks of the sun.
The Girls and the Parasols.
Two little girls, named Annie and
Grace, had been given new sun shades,
and had fallen into a quarrel in regard
to their respective beauty.
"Mine is red," said Annie, "and
is therefore the gayest and most at
tractive, and will best become my com
plexion and hair."
"And mine," retorted Grace, "be
ing blue, is much cooler to look upon
and is a more fashionable summer col
or; and besides, its shape is better,
its size larger and its handle more
beautiful. 1 wouldn't have a red um
brella for anything, so there."
"And I think you're a mean, hate
fil, little girl, so there," answered
Then they became so interested in
their quarrel that they laid their open
sunshades upon the ground while they
continued the argument.
And while they were thus engaged
a playful summer breeze came up and,
catching up the parasols, whirled them
Into a nearby pond, where they floated
amid the mud and ooze much to the
dismay of their owners.
Moral-In quarreling about the
shadows we often lose the substance.
Chicago Record Herald.
Science for Young Folks.
Everybody knows, or ought to know,
that the pressure of the atmosphere
at sea level, is in round figures, 15
pounds to the square inch, but it is
not generally known that this may
be d monstrated in a very simple way.
Take a glass tube three feet in
length and closet at one end, the open
ing in the tube being equal to one
eighth of an incu squale. Pour mercu
ry into the tube until it is full, and
then, with your tinger over the open
end of the tube to keep the mercury
in and the air out, invert the tube in
to a small vessel containing mercury.
Having removed your finger from
the open end of the tube the mercury
in the latter is, of course. in communi
cation with that in the vessel, and you
will find that the mercury in the tube
will fall six inches, leaving that much
empty space at the top.
Now put your finger over the open
end of the tube again, and lift the lat
ter from the vessel. Pour the mercury
out of the tube and weight it, and you
will find that it weighs three and
three-fourths ounces. That is to say,
a column of mercury one-eighth jf an
inch square, and 30 Inches in height
weighs three and three-fourths ounces.
But a square inch is 64 times as large
as one-eighth of an inch, and a column
of mercury one inch square and 30
inches in .eight would weigh, there
fore, 64 times three and three-fourths
ounces. or 240 ounces, which is equiva
lent to 15 pounds.
The pressure of the atmosphere,
therefore, must be 15 pounds to every
square inch of surfacc.-Philadelphia
The Moakllag Bird and the Ring Dove.
On the eastern shore of Maryland
t~ere are some beautiful woods, and
these woods resound with the music
of the little mocking birds that gally
lit from bough to bough.
Some years ago, about twenty-five,
there lived in Talbot, a Maryland
town, a little girl named Alice, and
her brother William. They were the
only children of a clergyman, and
were greatly loved by every one. Like
other chlldren they had their pets, and
being in this land of songsters among
them were a mocking-bird and a ring
"Bob," the mocking-bird had a very
soft-gray back, and the sprinkling of
white on his black wings and tail
made him look as if he had just come
in from a snow-storm. He and the
pretty ring-dove with the black half
ring around its creamy neck were
kept in the same room in cages that
were hanging side by side.
"Bob" was the pride of Talbot. He
could be heard through the village
streets at all hours of the day. and
very often at night, and the passers
by paused to listen to the clear liquid
notes poured forth so sweetly from
his tiny throat
By and by an aunt of the children
came to visit them, and when the
time for her to leave drew near the
family thought they would like to
make her a present. Unfortunately
they had not a great deal of money,
and as she had so often experessed
delight at the songs of the mocking
bird, it was decided to give little
I do not understand how that could
have been even thought of, but it was
doubtless it was supposed that an
other mocking-bird could be caught in
Alice and William grieved more than
the others, though they wanted to be
generous; yet it was many nights be
fore they fell asleep without a fearful
talk about their dear little merry
One morning came a letter from
Aant Julia for Alice, and this is the
principal thing that was in it:
"I do not know what alls Bob. He
has not sung a note lsince we came
home, but sits in the corner of his
cage drooping. I have tried every
thing I could think of. What do you
suppose is the trouble?'
The family at Talbot were serpried
to hear that 'Bob" had stopped sing
ag, ands.the only way the, ould ac
cwast f' it was that he missed his
ltt le compalon ti dovte. So t
hrMlIe a thie di4 sat 11* In ehk I
to have "Bob" returned, to send thsl
ring-dove on to him.
This was done, and the change in
"Bob" was wonderful. He began sing.
ing, singing, singing, as if his little
throat could not contain the sweet
melodies any longer. They poured forth
in bursts of rapture-the little bird
singing, singing, unti) there was one
final peal of glorious song, and little
"Bob" lay dead upon' the floor of his
cage. He had lost his life while show
ing the joy th't had come all too late
to his little broken heart.
I have often wondered what became
of the little ring-dove, but no one has
been able to tell me.-Anne Washing
ton Wilson, in Little Folks
Fish and Their Odd Little Ways.
Fish have a great many curious hab
its and are often very knowing fel
lows. They can be ill-tempered or
mild and gentle as truly as animals
or boys and girls. A visitor to the
aquarium at Battery Park one day re
cently discovered that there are not
only big fish, but tiny little ones whose
ways are well worth watching. To
hear of fishes with eyes nearly on their
tails is surely astonishing. Yet that
is what the little "four-eyed fish" in
the Aquarium seem to have at first
sight. But looking more carefully the
tail eyes prove to be merely black
spots inside of white circles. This lit
tle fish is so short and broad with its
bit of a tail, that at a distance it is
hard to tell which end is head and
Four-eyed fish have at least three
other names and are known as the
bride, butterfly and peacock fish, the
last name being given because the
"eye" is like that in a peacock's tail
feather. There are more than twenty
of them in the tank in the Aquarium,
but unhappily some make themselves
disagreeable by nipping and biting the
others. They come from Bermuda,
where they live in the shallows of the
coral, flitting in and out among its
crevices and fissures.
Then there are the grunts, from Ber
muda also. They have not deserved in
the least their ill-natured name, for
they are peaceful fellows.
The blue parrot fish are called by
one of the Aquari, m officials "merry
go-rounds," because for hours at a
time when their tank is full of water
they amuse themselves by swimming
round and round in narrow circles.
One of the most interesting and in
telligent little things is the sea horse.
Although so tiny, measuring only a
few inches, he has a head and neck
shaped like a miniature horse's, grace
ful and erect, and the long, tapering
tail makes him look like some of the
strange creatures of the fairy book
pictures. When Mr. Spencer, one of
the Aquarium officials, tapped lightly
on the glass, the sea horse came for
ward at once from his dim corner, and
seemed to pay the closest attention to
all that was said to him. Mr. Spencer
has known them in laboratories to
grow tame enough to come when
one called and cling to one's finger
with their slender tails.
Among the strange and interesting
fishes who have had individuality all
their own is the exquisitely beautiful
angel fish, with a gorgeous blue band
ablout the edge of the body and fins.
His name is as ill suited to his temper
as the grunt's was found to be, for the
angel fish cruelly kills his mate.
The green morays, or great eels,
which grow from 10 to 15 feet long;
the queen trigger fish, with a spine on
its back which raises or drops like
the trigger of a pistol, and the pretty
moonfish from our own Gravesend
bay, which look like mother of pearl
and fairly cast a slight reflection from
their brilliant bodies, all attract many
visitors, and appear to be conscious
sometimes that they are being shown
off. But the carps at the entrance,
so say the attendants, actually seem to
weary of the crowds of sightseers, and
when they stand motionless and
open their mouths languidly, it is their
way of yawning and says to curious
visitors: "Oh, dear! Why can't you go
away and leave us alone."-New York
REPORTER'S TRYING EXPERIENCE.
Visitor Detused to Talk to laim ecease
He Hlad No Ieard.
The experiences that confront a
young reporter are often disagreeable,
and though the situations he finds
himself in are sometimes trying, they
are not without their amusing side.
A youthful countenance and the ob
sence of a beard or mustache are
things which often Aerve to place one
starting out on a journalistic career
in embarrassing positions, for fre
quently persons of sufficient impor
tance to be interviewed for his paper
fail to credit him with the responsa
bility that his superiors give him. In
order to show how a reporter of tender
age is sometimes regardeJ, the follow.
ing incidents are related:
Several months ago a man walked
into a newspaper office and inquired
for the city editor. The visitor was a
'cantankerous sort of a person, and, as
it proved, did not have the best of
dispositions. As the omfficial sought
for was busily engaged, one of the
youngest reporters was detailed to as.
certain the nature of hid business.
In the meantime the caller had been
snapping at the office boy for some Im
agined inattention, and, as th1 report.
er approached, the visitor atrily ex
"I don't wish to see a boy; I want
to talk to a man who knows some
The pride of the young reporter
was deeply wounded, for these utter
ances were delivered in such a tone
that the attention of all his associates
Happily these remarks were over
heard by the city editor, and he justly
and promptly said that if his represen
tative were not satisfactory the mat
tei would end there, or the reporter
was one of the brightest on his staff.
During the conversation that ensued
between the young man and the caller,
the latter arrived at the conclusion
that a "cub" reporter was not the
dullest thing on earth, for he depart
ed well pleased.
One day a half dozen successful
young newspaper writers were waiting
to learn the proceedings of a meeting
of a prominent industrial companry.
They had been sitting together in an
outer office of the concern, when one
of the officers asked their business.
On being informed, he requested them
to retire to an adjoining apartment
They did so and discovered that they
were to occupy a storeroom, cold and
dreary, in which the wares of the
oompany were kept This state of
affairs was not pleasant, to, say the
least, and some of them left the
bllding. By persistent but polite
tactics those who remained had the
atlitfaction of being compitmented by
one of the ofcials, who told them
they looked yoang, but that they knew
their bustsle-.-Mall and Uxpreu.
Ml 3utu V iete S llU ha. a .iln
*ferlr tor MA@b drp~ w. `
SAVAGES I 1 FAR JAPAR
SEVENTEEN THOUSANO OF THEM
IN NORTHERN PART.
Unique Styles I Baby Names-Customt
Practiced by the "Hairy Asos." the
Aboriginal People of Japan-Their Re
semblanoe to Amerlean Indians.
The Ainus, generally known tH
Americans and Europeans as "the hairy
Ainos," are the only aboriginal people
now living in Japan. They are called
"hairy" in contradistinction to the
smooth-faced Japanese, Koreans and
Chinese. Their present home is in
Hakaido, or Yezo, the most northerly
part of the empire, although it is sup
posed that in earlier times they occu
pied most of ths entire country. An
cestors of the Japanese of to-day drove
them to the north, much in the same
way as the savages were driven back
toward the Pacific by the early settlers
The Ainus live to-day pretty much as
the Indians on their reservations in the
West. They are still, for the most part,
half 'savage, and the Japanese name for
them, "Yezo," means barbarian. They
are very skillful in hunting and fish
ing, which are their chief occupations.
They are under the protection of the
imperial government, and are entirely
separated from the Japanese. The latest
census showed that they number very
Among the many curious customs of
the Ainus, perhaps the quaintest is their
method of naming their children. They
observe a peculiar economy in giving
names. The infant must go without a
name until it shows itself worthy of
bearing one. If it is sickly and not
likely to live, it is not considered worth
while to waste a name upon it. As
each child must, by immemorial custom,
have a brand new name, used by no one
in the community, names are scarce
and must be garded. If the child should
be given a name borne by some one else,
the ghost of the former posessor of
the name may come back from the un
der-world to avenge the slight.
It is customary to take a name from
some incident that occfirred at the
child's birth, or it is left to the parents
afterward to choose one for it. Should
the infant come into the world with a
smiling face it might be called "Ikish
imaburu," which means a smile. Or
fond parents may call it Kamoissage (a
pulling rope of the gods), if they wish
their child to be in the special care of
From the age of seven to ten, Ainu
children of either sex have their heads
shaved, but after eleven they are al
lowed .to have long hair and wear the
same clothes as grown persons. They
wear no clothing unless the weather is
The favorite and almost exclusive or
nament is the earring, usually made of
metal. What clothing is worn is made
of straw: They never wear shoes or
other covering for the feet, except as
a great luxury and mark of distinction
on ceremonious occasions.
The men carry small knives and to
bacco pouches, and the women carry
small looking glasses and knives. The
knife is used as symbolic. The maiden
wears it with the blade bare, but when
she marries it is worn in a sheath. The
women also paint their faces, using a
kind of ink for the purpose.
The Ainus live mostly by fishing and
hunting. They hunt the bear and deer,
catch salmon and other fish, and grow
potatoes and millet. Whenever they can
get it they eat rice, which they regard
as the best food, though they do not
raise it themselves. Both sexes smoke
tobacco and drink liquor.
The marriage customs differ widely
from those of the Japanese. The ques
tion is first settled between the youth
and maiden, who then refer the mattes
to their parents through a mediator.
who should be a relative of the prospec
tive bridegroom. The man must send
present of lacquered ware, which is re.
garded by them as one of the mosi
precious things in the world. This
however, is reclaimed by him if his
wife afterward seeks a divorce.
Ainus live in dwellings of about the
same class as those of the American
Indians. The rude hut has two win
dows, one of them for ordinary earthly
uses, the other reserved for the en
trance of the gods.
Woman is fairly treated and held in
deep respect. The man is not allowed
to enter the house when the woman is
in it alone, and he is not permitted to
walk behind a woman. When a man
meets a woman he must salute first, by
smoothing his beard and rubbing his
hands. Then she responds by touching
her nose with a finger of her left hand.
During October the Ainus hold a re
ligious fete, which is called the Bear.
Festival, because they sacrifice a bear
which has been carefully fostered for
Judicial punishment among the Ainus
consists of a severe beating with a stick
administered to the culprit. The crimes
are generally theft--stealing articles or
the wife of a neighbor. As there are
eight men to one woman, the majority
of the males are not married, and wife
stealing is very common. The accused
is subjected to a. long examination by
the chief of the community, and is theq
compelled to resort to the ordeal of
fire. He must take a stone out of boil
ing water. If innocent the Ainus think
he will not be injured. If the question
cannot be settled in this way, the prin
cipals in the dispute must fight it out
The Ainus are polytheists, though
they limit their gods to two, a god of
fire and a god of water. The first is
called Kabekamoi and the latter Hateo
kamoi. They, also, like most people'
who have a religious system, believe is
some sort of heaven and hell.
A Pretty Royal Custom.
A pretty custom dating from the
wedding of the late Queen Victoria, a
contributor to the Scotsmon says, has
ever since pertained in the royal family.
A sprig of myrtle which formed part of
the bride's wreath was carefully cult
ured, and in due time planted out.
When the Princess Royal was married
sprigs were cut for her bridal wreath
from this myrtle tree. The Princess,
following her mother's example, had
one of the sprigs cared for till it became
a full-sized tree, which served for her
daughter-in-law's wreath at the wed
ding of the present Emperor of Ger
The custom was observed in the mar
riage of the Prince of Wales and al;
other of Queen Victoria's children and
grandchildren. There is already, as the
mstdilt of this charming custom, the
making of a grove of myrtle trees.
Other customs attached to the mar
riages of the royal family relate to the
bouquet and the wedding cake. Ever
since the marriage of Queen Victoria a
firm of Windsor florists have had the
honor of presenting the one, a Chester
confectioner finding the other, neither
A t e ba wl or ci hn db
.aere is the Alp by £ Frach mouw
e s k It hs bekm wouidede
es.esp 4epr. bu btne s bee uu
"1 InTt used Ater's Sr.spirl
l thefalI of1848. Siar thean
hae taken It "ry sprind s a
blood.purlfyl sad Servea
S. T. eonse, Vichita, KIIa.
If you feel run down,
are easily tired, if your
nerves are weak and your
blood is thin, then begin
to take the good old stand
ard family medicine,
It's a regular nerve
lifter, a perfect blood
builder. su.e aih. A «aqbr.
ak your doetor what b thlnka of Ay7_b
Sarsaparttl. 8e knows sil about this grand
old tauly _indtln. 7.1le his adv "e d
That's what you need; some
thing to cure your bilious
ness and give you a good
digestion. Ayer s Pills are
liver pills. They cure con
stipation and biliousness.
Gently laxative. All duist..t.
Want your mousta-he or board a beautitul
brown or rich black ? Then use
BUCKINGHAM'S DYE 7st.8'.r.
0 cn. or D-uew»o. Ro P. A. N C0.o , 5 Ma N.M.
Prevented by Shampoos of CUTICURA SOAP
and light dressings of CUTICURA, purest of
emollient skin cures. This treatment at once
stops falling hair, removes crusts, scales, and
dandruff, soothes Irritated, itching surfaces,
stimulates the hair follicles, supplies the roots
with energy and nourishment, and makes the
hair grow upon a sweet, wholesome, healthy
scalp when all else fails.
MILLIONS USE CUTICURA SOAP
Assisted by Cuncua Orrmnwr, for preserving, purifying, and beautfty.
tng the skin, for cleansing the scalp of crusts, scales, and dandruff, and the
stopping of falling hair, for softening, whitening, and soothing red, rough,
amd sore hands, for baby rashes, Itchings, sad chafngs, and for all the pur
poses of the toilet, bath, and nursery. Millions of Women use CUTrCUnt
BOAP In the form of baths for annoying Irritations, inflamations, and
exooriations, for too free or oflbsive perspiration, in the form of washes for
ulocrative weaknesses, and for many antiseptic purposes which readily sag
gest themselves to women and mothers. No amount of persuasion can
Indnoe those who, have once used these great skin parlflers and beautiflers
to use any others. Ctursoua SoA combines delicate emollient properties
derived from C rtsnc , the great skn cure, with the purest of cleansng
Ingredients, and the most refreshing of ower odours. No other medfed
soap is to be compared with It for preserving, prifying, and beautitfying
the skin, scalp, hatr, and hands. No other foreign or domestic eoes soap,
however expensive, is to be compared with It for all the purposes of the
toilet, bath, and nursery. Thus It comblnes, in Oxa SoAP at Ova Paxcu,
the pms skin and oomplezlo soap, and the smar toilet and baby soap in
Complete External and Internal Treatment for Every Humours
sCoessilc of CucUncUa SoAP, to cleanse the skia of ereas sa
ansles sae sons. te thiekened ascle; CUacuan a Oi m tauro
~ tcurai ells hcn. n Smon, and Ltrrtt7tlon, and soot
.a "--" - bealaadC·b ssI5r n TMtarru tol adcleanse theb blood
!S SET fmee. gst is eslrl mn o lb a s the moel t l. 8, dl t m
Msbe l nlslb epot: w . xwsaar a sous. V (ýbarrbous Sq liorosgo iot irer
Daoe AD CrMImcoa Coarasfur, T. ole Prope., Boston. U. IS. .
"NEW RIVAL" FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS
eushoot all other black powder shells, because they are made
better and loaded by exact machinery with the standard brands of
powder, shot and waddg. Try them md you will be convinced.
ALL . REPUTABLE DBARIIS KEEBBP , THBM
SEVERY MAN HIS OWN oCTOR, .
BY J. HAMILTON AYERS., A. M., M. D. *
This lea Iscot Valuable Book for be easaehold, teachingl as it doe, the
easily distnglrshbed Symptom of dfrelmt Diosease, the Cause. and IMeans of
fPr teua surch Disemase, and tbhe Simplest remed., which will alleviate or
e o.n Desk o 5 Page., Pefaey llstrarted.
This book I writtlen I plaot every day Enlletab. ad ia free from the teen!
al terms which reader mset doctor books so valueiolesa to the generallty of read
er. Ibis Book is Intended to be of Service in the family. and Is so worted as
to berseadilr uaderstood by all.
ONLY 80 CELNTS POST.PAID.
Sonly Mas madepond by the· lmeam etdlton prlatod Not
Sonly *ees a esek mooaiae much lsf ratSoo R&elative to Diesees, but very
Spdperly give a Cmplet AalyalseJ everytblg pertallnlg to Courtship, Mr.
ed the Pedlaeije sad eoarig ef Wealthy lFamllles; toget: er with Val.
* nle Meespti asad Puseelptleme. Eplauations of Botanical Practice. Correct
SUieet Ordrlurj serl s -tw Ldition, Revbed .d nlarred4 .th Compl.ex
als, Withl this Beek I t thebase there l e auoe for not knowingl what to *
de la stemerteery.
Dola't wait mstl bon Ilaeles a yrer famtly before you order, but ed
at s eethlswauIbloe vde ONLY U CENTS POST-PAID. 8e poSte l
aoteeoeWlelgeams et o sar donomflmdos ac t larger thea oents.
.001 PUBLISHINO HOUStE as .eonad rtr *t , NV.
l Cypress sash end doors vr chM
rl sUreIens and dooIrs M ap
Iend for gllon estern. W Pr i.0
16M0 (atlon cistern .... ..... 18
100 Uo cistern ....
_ Clr ash and doonersyeo s.L-p
$900 TO $1500 A YEAK
salary 9,o to 0 al aR I and
aoeddil- to ezperience and ability
want local repreatatie ala $9 to0 las
week and comhfLatofl dependflg uou te ame
voted. Send stamp for fall parw r
s postio prefered. Addre, Dept. 3.
cj E ",NYS TFOR
nooocSS OR.TAFT.19 OW! ST.. .... C- .
RI ANT6 &.ift AT'"' II
ussineos ollegoe K.nl /1 r d a' tra
Clrone. t .mo thnU. 2,1 c .4u ,teh . t .'tt3 U tte
TELL THE ADVERTISER bC SAW HIS D,,t.
TISMhI=T IN THIS PAPKB-vN .'O-36-1901
U LAD1e L IlPtoIrt atbom-. 000d
HYOUN E P. N araSd. P. O0. Bo B 0A .
DROPSY kTwDIICOO eS4 r
eadas Bova at leetmuoaiSa and 10 days' treatmen
byee. Dr. L.. L las 5055. Soa I. LUlaaI. e.
USE CERTAIN:: ;i CUBRE.: