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H ' R--D MO
VOL XV. H E BA NNPOENCEASTCA PARD, A. RDAY OCTOBER 19
VOL. XIV. LAKi PROVIDENCE, EAST CARROLL PARISh, LA., SATURDAY. OCTOBER 19, 1901..NO. 25
A scientist paid $25,000 for a collect
lion of eggs, and they were not very
fresh at that.
The next thing on the program will
be an expedition to hunt for the ex
pedition that is hunting Peary. North
Pole hunting is always an endless
chain sort of sport. ..
The late William Shakespeare was
n careful man in money matters. It
he knew the prices that copies of his
First-Folio edition are fetching now,
he would wish that he were living at
The unscientific will not be reas
sured to learn from scientists that
only the melanolestes picltus is the
true "kissing bug," and that the ano
pheles maculipennis is the only mos
quito that carries malaria. Unfor
tuatrly, these pests usually leave
their cards at home while out calling.
Steam turbine engines and Texas oil
as fuel are new prospective agencies
upon which promoters of fast trans
atlantlc navigation rely for the future
four-day bat. Why not? The drop
from five :days to four will scarcely
c: wond .rful a. the drop from seven
days to five within twenty years past,
remarks the Piiladelphia Record.
In its trium phant march to the
leadership of sports in America golf
has cnrolled eatoen its enthusiastic
followers thl: lc :iiir officials in the
United States Governmeflt. There are
now 1000 regularly organized golf
clubs in the United States, with a
membersh!p of 150,000. Over $10,
000,000 has been invested in the game,
and each year $,375,000 is spent in
its pursuit. Meantime new golf clubs
are springing up by the score.
Consul-General Guenther at Frank
fort, Germany, notifies the State De.
partment, at Washington, that Ger
Man newspapers report that the agri
cultural societies of Italy will pay a
prize c $103 for a reliable method of
ascertaining the quality of sulphur and
of mixtures of sulphur and sulphate
of copper most effective in the use
against plant diseases. Often such
mixtures, it is stated, are inferior
and this competition, International in
character, is thus offered with a view
of alleviating that difficulty.
Some of our British friends who de
sire to exclude foreign crews from
Henley frankly admit that they are
aver'se to long and rigorous prepara
tion for the contests on the Thames.
They prefer to make rowing a pas
time and a picnic rather than a de
cisive test of the best work of ama
teur oarsmen who devote months of
the hardest toll and the severest self
sac:ifice in training for honors on
the water.' It is plain enough now
that there are a few bold Britons who
shrluk from struggles which tug at
* the heartstrings, reflects the ,New
A New York physician raises his
voice against the abuse of massage.
By this he means the excessive
thun:mlugs, pinchings and rubbings
which the sick receive at the hands
of lusty nurses who have not been
properly trained in the art, and who
are incompetent to determine what
parts should be treated ightly, or
when to stop. The physician notes
that massage has become a dissipa
tion, like everything else in life which
is pleasant and agreeable. The lazi
ness of man is the original cause of
the growth of the massage habit,
which is a form of passive exercise
that relieves one of the trouble of
taking his own exercise.
It is said that six-sevenths of the
marriages which have taken place in
Ohio, Kansas, Indiana, Missouri and
Illinois within a period of six weeks
were between young men and women
who were not able to keep house, but
were obliged to live with one or the
other of their families. In several of
the middle-Western States, since Jan
uary 1, 457 divorces have been tiled
wherein the husband accuses the
mother-in-law of having induced als
wife to leave him. Forty-seven sul
cides have been traced to the inter
ference of the mother-In-law. In six
cases out of seven the young Bene
dict finds himself unable to live with
his mother-in-law, while in seven
cases out of eight the bride finds life
unendurable with her husband's
Housekeepers and pure food com
missioners have a new foe to fight.
It is viscogen as a milk adulterant.
It has been found by inspectors of
the Dairy Department in Minnesota,
and, so far as known, Its use is yet
confned to that State. When its
properties become generally known,
however, it may confidently be looked
for elsewhere. It Is a syrup composed
of sugar, lime, and water, about the
color of water, and is used chiefly to
make the milk appear richer than it
really ia When viscogen is placed
in milk or cream the lactic acid turns
the lime in the fluid into a white,
thick substance, which, assimilating
with the milk, gives it an appearance
and taste of great richness. It ia pos
alble through its use to palm off upon
customers pilk and cream which is
far below itandard. Fortunately, the
edulterant, according to Minnesota
tkeritles, is not larJroleas to health
BOER PRISONERS §
OFF AMERICA'S COASTL
Are Quartctrd Oppopmite ttaniltbh, O
HE 2300 Boer prisoners In
Bermuda are quartered on
Tucker's and Morgan Islands,
in Great Sound, opposite the
city of Hamilton, writes a corre
spondent of the New York WVorld.
The entire area of the islet on which
these men and their guard will be
encamped is hlss than thirty acres,
Darrell's Island, containing the first
lot of prisoners, those who arrived
from Cape Town in June, is less than
twenty nere. in extent, a long nar
row strip of land on which the fierce
summer sun beats down, reflected in
GENERAL VIEW OF TIIE BERMUDA ISLANDS, WHERE THE
BRITISH AREI SENDING BOER PRISONERS. THIE LONG, NAIR
ROW ISLAND IN TIIE ('ENTRE IS DARRELL'S ISLAND, WHIIERE
THE FIRST DETACHMENT WAS SENT. OPPOSITE TIIIS IS
PORT'S ISLAND, WHERE TIIE HOSPITALS ARE STATIONED.
TUCKER'S ISLAND IS TIIE SMALL ONlE AT EXTREME LEFT
the glare of the tropic sea. Its rocky
surface Is covered with a thin soil
on which grows a coarse grass and
a few scrubby cod:rs. Darrell's is
distant about 6,() yards from the
main island and is surrounded by the
bright shallow waters of the sound.
Across this island is a strong iron
fence, to the east of it is the Boer
camp, composed of ten rows of tents,
set as closely together as possible.
Here and on a tiny island. Burt's one
acre, to the north, are hu;dlled to
;ether like sheep in a n00n some 903(
?risoners of war, eighteen of whom
The sick have been placed on nn
>tlier small island, Port's, on which
a convalescent tent and hospital for
their nccommodation is l)eing built.
it has been very hot and dry for
weeks, and no provision has yet been
made for an ample supply of fresh
water. A condensing macnhine was
sent out from England, but it is
useless so far; because an important
part of the miachinery was left be
There are no wells in Bermuda.
All the water used on the main island
,s rain water caught in huge cisterns.
and the supply is low, owing to the
Irought. Their cooking places are
England has sent these prisoners
eUTTING BOER PRISONERS ON BOARD
SHIP AT PORT NATAL.
to the smallest and most helpless of
her colonies, from which the brand
of a penal colony had been wiped
away chiefly by the introduction of
the industry of lily-growing by an
American and by the winter visits
of Americans to an American hotel.
The inhabitants of the lslaffds
mostly seem to believe that a Boer
Is a mixture of pirate and cannibal
with a dash of wildcat thrown in.
New rifles can now be found in priv
ate possession among the colonists
to defend their household if one of
the Boers get loose!
A Boer prisoner amused himself by
making a toy, a little box, and threw
it to*a resident who rowed past the
camp In his boat. The lid of the box
slid back and showed a snake's head
with a pin for a tongue. The Ber
mudan keeps it as a relic of war, but
HOW THE PRISONERS ARE FENCED IN ON DARRELL'S ISLAND.
A THICK NETWORK OF BARBED WIRE OFFERS UNCOMFORT
ABLE RESISTANCE TO ESCAPING BOERS.
with the greatest care, not allowing pensive, but as only a few are needed
any one to touch it, as he thinks the at a time the cost is not great.
pin is probably poisoned. Mary Graham, is the Woman's Homr
Preeautia ae taes to sear the Comsales.
prisoners as if they were dangerou!
wild beasts instead of unarmed gray
hilred old farmers; home of then
nerery eighty years of age. kindl.
fathers of families, three with grand
thihlreh with them, little boys undcl
twelve years of age.
A gunboat lies on e!thor sid1, any
not far away are the batteries o0
one of Great Britain's greatest doc.
yards., all pointed day and night an
that help!ess camp. Since the escap'
of I)nvid dti Ploy it powertttl ,earch
light has swept the camp from time
to time durine the night to preven'
Two prisoners did swin to th(
shore of the main island lately. div
Ing under the water to avoid the
search-lights, only to be caught by
the negro soldiers.
A reward is offered for informatior
concrnaing any runaway, and nill per
sans are warned that a severe pun
ishment awaits any person who failr
to inform the nearest English officer
or magistrate of the whereabouts of
an es:caped Boer.
Along the shore of Warwick Par
ish a sentinel paces, watching the
Boers, ready to alarm the camp of
negro soldiers just over the hill.
On a few small sun-baked isles
within 700 miles of New York Bay
3000 men will soon be sweltering in
the August sun. There are only about
5)000 white inhabitants in Bermuda.
''lhere are 10.000 colored subjects of
King Edward. Books, papers, food
can be sent to the Boer prisoners of
war, but nobody may go to speak to
them. They are incommunicado, shut
off from sound of a To:ce of sym
Fashions For Dynamite Workers.
In facories where gunpowder and
the modern high explosives are made
the greatest precautions against acci
dent are taken.
Not only are the buildings so con
structed as to minimize the danger of
explosion, but the dress of the work
men is also regulated by the manage
All workers in smokeless or nitro
powder and other high explosives wear
rubber aprons and sleeves. Another
safety appliance is the aluminium hel
met, which causes the simian appear
ance of the men In the picture. The
object of this queer costume is to pro
teot the man from splashes of acids
and other chemicals. The tongs car
ried by one of the men are made of
aluminum and are used for making
guncotton from its bath of nitric acid,
which has no effect upon aluminum.
Nuts as Food.
Nuts are beginning to take the:r
place as factors in the cat :ing tor
a family. They contain a large
amount of nourishment, and owing to
their oily nature digest easily. Eaten
with salt they are palatable. Either
as a dessert course or salted and used
as a relish their value is the same.
They are not expensive, fcr from the
,peanut through the imported varie
ties they can be bought in bulk at
The peanut has many good quali
ties to recommend it, and from its
low estate is coming to the front as
an important item in dietetics. It i:
supposed to cure insornia if eater
just before retiring. Salted they art
r much cheaper than almonds. Tht
small hickory-nut at a few cents a
quart can be used on the most eca
nomical table. The English walnul
l makes a very good salad blancbeC
and used with celery. Filberts, al
t monds and Brazil-nuts are more ex
OME' FILIPINO CUSTUO1S '
IPRESSIVE CEREMONY DAILY IN t
THE HOMES AFTER NIGHTFALL.
[heir Manner of Eating is Not Very Pleas
ant to Vlitness-The Native Markets
Are an Interesting Sight- Luxuriant t
Hair of the Native Women.
The most Impressive ceremony of
the Filipinos is daily enacted at night
rall, says the Washington Star. I no
ticed it first in the ancient, dirty town
of Cavite. The bell tolls in the ancient
~athedral, Warning the inhabitants I
that the night is on. Pedestrians gen
erally halt, remove their hats and say
their prayers aloud. From every open
door the mumbling is heard. This is
kept up until the bell ceases.
The writer was a frequent visitor to
a Filipino family of the better class in
Cavite. The family consisted of a
mother and her three daughters. I
was present on several occasions when
thl, above ceremony was in progress.
After the bell stops tolling they would
all stop praying and immediately pro
ceed to their mother, the eldest first,
and each in turn, saluting her, "Bue
nos noche" (good night), kissing her
hand, which each would carry to the
forehead. They then kissed their
mother's cheeks, then turn to their
American visitors with the salute, but
omitting the kiss. The Filipinos in
general have violent tempers.
The Filipinos, like the Chinese, are
rice eaters, and it forms the principal
dish at all meals. They eat with their
fingers, which is not very pleasing to
wivtness. They all have knives and
forks in the house, which they pro
duce when visitors are present. Like
the Chinese, they are also fond of
fatty foods. I have on a number of
occasions witnessed young ladies eat
ing large pieces of fat that caused me
to have fears for my own stomach,
and I wmould be compelled to turn my
I am of the belief that the longer
an American studies the Filipino char
acter the more complex it becomes.
For thirteen months I studied them
under many conditions, and when I
left the islands I was under the im
pression that I knew but very little of
tlh Filipino and his ways when not
under observation. They do not un
derstand themselves and do not care
to, apparently. In the city of Manila
many native jargons are spoken, and
they cannot understand each other.
Every province has its jargon, and
were it not for their limited knowledge
of Spanish they would be unable to
carry on a conversation.
They resemble very much our West
ern Indian tribes, which have their
tribal language or jargon, and were it
not for the (Chlinook language, origin
ated and introduced by the old Hud
son Bay Company, our noble red men
would be at a loss for conversation
when members of different tribes
meet here in Washington.
Nine out of ten children have revolt
ing sores on their bodies, generally on
their legs, which leads one to believe
that leprosy and other blood diseases
are common among the natives. I un
derstand the authorities have set aside
an island for lepers, similar to the one
in the Hawaiian group. The main
trouble will be in apprehending the
lepers, as there must be several thous
and in the vicinity of Manila. Under
Spanish rule there was a large leper
hospital in Manila, where probably a
thousand of these unfortunates were
confined. The day the Americans cap
tured the city the ollicials of this asy
lum became demoralized and aban
doned the institution. By the time
the matter was brought to the notice
of the American authorities the place
was deserted, the lepers having scat
tered all over the city. Many of them
were found begging in the streets. A
large number of them were never cap
The most interesting sights of Mia
nila I found to Ie the native markets.
I would rise about 5 In the morning,
and after a cold shower bath would
start for a brisk walk through the na
tive section of Binondo, which includes
the largest market in the city. Dur
ing my sojourn in the city I took prob
ably a hundred of these rambles alone
aendl never met an American, with the
exception of a soldier, occasionally, on
This market was destroyed by the
great fires started by the insurgents
in February, 1890. Just as soon as
the heat permitted the dealers opened
up for business among the ruins, mak
ing a startling picture. The products
of the markets are not tempting to
A mericans, who do not patronize them
tcept for fruits, eggs, chickens and
one or two vegetables common to
America. They have their fish alive
in tubs, but I would not advise any
body to buy them, as their flesh has a
sickening taste. This is due to the
water being always warm.
In these markets the Chinamen con
3 duct dry goods stalls. I wondered
why there was always a half dozen
Chinese to each of these, and upon in
Squiry they told me they were com
pelled to band together to prevent rob
bery by the natives.
An incident came to my notice one
morning at the market which assured
t me that the Chinese precautions were
Ineccrsary. Several young toughs had
taken some! mangoes out of a China
man's basket and had refused either
to pay his price or return them. I
could not understand their language,
but I could tell from their excited
pitch that a row was inuminent. The
Filipinos started to leave with their
booty, when the Chinaman blew a
shrill blast from a whistle. It did not
seem a second before a dozen China
mlen rushed out from a side street, all
bare headed. The leader was one of
the largest Chinamen I have ever seen.
Recolving a hasty explanation from
the dealer, they made a rush for the
Filpiphos, who produced their ill-got.
ten fruit with alacrity. iAfter several
minutes of excited jabbering, during
which no blow was struck, the LFilllpl
nos wer~e allowed to go and the Chi
nese disappeared from sight again.
The Filipinos try to be very clean
in their person and clothing. I believe
that they all take at least one bath a
week, although I could not see how
they derived much benefit, as they
used only cold water and seldom any
soap. The dirty Palsg Rriver Is lined
every morning with bathers of both
sexes. The laundry women are also
out in force, and It Is a sight to see
, --bem beat the alothm latn eallhawn.
They use a flat club as remorselessly
on d fine shirt as they would on a pahlf A
of overalls. All clothes look alike tO
them. For nearly a year we were at
the mercy of these clothes finishers,
but now the city has several steam O
laundries which do first-class work. d
The Filipino women are noted for
their luxuriant hair. I would not call
it beautiful, being too coarse. They r
soak a certain bark in a small bowl K
and saturate their hair with the solu
tion. They told me they owed their
beautifull tresses to this preparation. n
If this bark does contain such won- f
dtrful properties I would like to see t
the American ladies of Manila inves
tigate the matter for the benefit of t
their sisters at home,
The writer was on the beach near t
Manila when Admiral Dewey was
sl elling Fort Malate, previous to the
assault by the troops. I was aston
ished at the lack of interest taken by 1
the natives. We were wild with ex
citement, but the natives looked on t
unconcerned. There were several
thousands of them living in the vicin
Ity, but very few were interested h
enough to walk a few yards to the o
beach. Many of them had their backs t
turned from the river. F
I regard the Filipinos a very moral 1
people when it is considered what a t
hard road they have had to travel. A t
faithless wife is seldom heard of, and o
I was told such faithlessness was pun
Ishable by death. They have some
sort of secret society which acts on
Marriages with Americans is not
countenanced by the Filipinos, and the
few who have taken the step have
been ostracised by their people. The
first American soldier to take unto
himself a native wife was a hospital
corps man, stationed at Cavite. He
or she made an unwise selection, as
the alliance proved to be a total fail
ure and they soon separated.
Styles do not worry the native belles,
as their costumes have the same cut
to-dpy that was in vogue 100 years
ago. I rather like their style of dress,
which I do not believe will last many
years under American rule, as Manila
now contains several hundred well
dressed ladies from America, and the
natives will become dissatisfied with
their flowing garments and copy after
their white sisters.
The Spanish ladies of Manila always
appeared to me to be over-dressed
and very awkward in their carriage
when walking, which they rarely in
dlulged in, however. Their favorite
pastime is carriage riding or the Lu
neta after sundown. They always go
bareheaded or with a lace mantilla
over their raven locks. They greet the
occupants of the passing carriages
with a proud and haughty stare.
The native women are the most
graceful walkers that I have ever
seen. They carry their heads as proud
as any queen. This grace is inherited
and practiced from babyhood. It is
an interesting sight to see a mother
going to church accompanied by sever
al little girls, all dressed alike, and
walking in the same step and with the
same graceful carriage. They wear
no tight shoes and many none at all.
This peculiar gait has been largely
acquired by carrying weights on their
heads, at which they are exceptionally
adept. They can carry Immense loads
upon their heads. It Is a very com
man sight of Manila to see a native
milk woman rushing down the street
with a beer bottle full of milk bal
anced on her head.
Cast-iron plows were first made in
this country in 1797, and were greatly
objected to from the belief that the
cast iron poisoned the ground and pre
vented plants from growing.
At a North London church the gold
wedding ring not being in evidence,
one of the bridesmaids cut off a lock
of her hair and handed it to the pros
pective husband, who, to the amuse
ment of all present, deftly improvised
a ring which answered all the purposes
of the one he had so carelessly forgot.
Papers recently discovered in Spain
Sshow that Columbus, as Admiral of
the fleet of caravels that discovered
America. received payment of $320 a
Syear, while the captains of his three
Sships were paid $16, $18 and $19 a
Smonth, while the wages of the sailors
were from $2 to $3.40 per month, with
Srations and two suits of clothes a year.
SThere were eighty-two men in all un
e A thief lately arrested in Madrid,
Spain, carried a concealed electric bat.
tery with a metallic plafe which ].L
Scarried in his right hand. He would
Sapproach a man offering his hand in
friendly fashion. If the man respond
ed by clasping the outstretched hand
San overpowering shock was the result
and the thief would get through his
Swork and away before the victim re
d A curious commodity that enters
Into nearly all preparations of food
r always attracts the curiosity of trav
I elers who visit the Bolivian market. It
Is preserved potatoes. cut into cubes
Sor slices and exposed to the air until
e the moisture Is entirely evaporated.
r They have a dry, corky appearance
I and are almost tasteleis. They are al
t ways used In the preparation of
- "chupe," the national dish, which is
II always the first course at both break
f fast and dinner.
a Some years ago a respectable mer
e chant was summoned at a London po
t- I'ce court for refusing to exhibit his
I ticket to the railway Inspector at a
g certain metropolitan station. It traDs
I- pfred in the course of the evidence
- that, for some reason or other, the
gentleman in question bad a rooted
i objection at all times and seuasons to
e displaying his pasteboard, though it
a was not hinted for one moment that
v he had the slightest desire to defraud
y the company. The magistrate chara.
r terised his action uas a "foolish freak,"
I and malcted him in a small e. The
h fine was paid, but the obstlmate Ind
o vidual before leaving the court ad
a ested his intention of adhering in the
f ature to his raemprkable couduash
Atttteion l alled to a lodifcaestion of the
I Silt Water Method.
The production of a bleaching and
disinfectant liquor by the electrolysis p
of salt water is a thoroughly well un- p
derstood commercial process. Some ti
years ago it was tried on a large scale -
for the disinfection of the garbage
refuse of New York City, but for some
reason was never followed up. Consu
lar Agent Harris. of Elbenstock, Ger
many, sends the following illustration
and information in regard to a modi
fication of this principle for the use of
textile manufacturers, laundries and *
others, requiring chloride of lime for
bleaching or disanfecting purposes,
such as laundries, hospitals, etc. Ih
this device the production of the
bleaching liquor is continuous as long
as desired, and the current for its op
eration can be taken from the ordi
nary house mains. The apparatus
consists of a box of slate, swung on
trunnions, with an inlet for the brine
and an outlet far the sodium hypochlo
rite, which is the active chemical
bleacher. The current passes in at
one end of the box, and passing be
tween the poles or electrodes at oppo
site ends, traverses the solution of
brine, disintegrating it and producing
the bleaching sol'!tion. It is asserted
that the bleaching liquor is suitable
"-r bleaching raw cotton, yarns, jute
of flax, paper, clothes, etc. For use in
laundries the apparatus is somewhat
modified in form and attached to the
washing tubs. This solution is claimed
t> be less harmful to the fibres of the I
threads than the usual bleaching pow
dlers, goods bleached by electrolytic I
means here described losing only two
per cent., against some eight per cent.
for chloride of lime bleach. The ra- t
pidity of the bleaching operation is I
also somewhat increased.
Filipino Letter Carriers.
The queerest mail carriers in the
United Stat es postal service are the
Igorrote Indians of the Philippine
Islands, which are shown in the ac
The Postmaster-General at Wash
ingtcn may make all the rules he
pleases about shirt waists and other
proper lniforms for United States
mail carriers, but the Igorrotes will
disregard them all. Their idea of a
uniform is a breechcloth, and noth
ing can change that notion.
It must be admitted that this cos
tume shows off their figures to good
advantage. The Igorrotes, though
small, are well proportioned men, and
their muscles are firm as a profes
These couriers carry mail from
Dagupan to Bagio, Bouguet Prov
Ince, the.round trip being one hun
dred miles for $1, and consider them
selves making gcod money at that.
Their principal diet is rice and fish,
and though it may sound somewhat
strange "dog" is their chief luxury.
In leaving Dagupan it Is no un
rsual sight to see them each with
from eight to a dozen dogs. They
pay twenty-five to forty centavas for
each dog, according to his size and
con lition. They travel naked through
rOSrIASTxa ItIxcIsoOn AND TWO 01
HI) MAIL CARRITrs.
the bur-ig mur snine of Luzon with
much more comfort than an Ameri
can with umbrella and fan. Their
skin is almost as touch as that of
a cariboo, and their feet havw never
known what shoes ara.
"They are perfectly trustworthy,"
says Postmaster Kingsmore, of Dag
upan, "more so than the average Fil
ipi23, and among all I have ever seen
not one was a beggar."
Dest Ivory Carvers Amerlcans.
With very little cxperience it war
a soon demonstrated that the old story
must be told once again. The expeert
American carver lis the best. Ivory
Scarvings are valuable. A small spec
1pen of merit is worth from $3000 to
$5000, and such a work an American
artist can produce in five months,
while a Japanese of correspondilag ali
a ity will be cecupied for two years, anc
Sthe slower Chinese will be seven years
Thi3 is actual fact, not exaggeration
Even there the comparison does noi
. end. The American design or copy.
Seven to portraiture. The Japanese cat
is copy absolutely correct; lie can take
a two profiles and a full face photograpi
. and reproduce a statiette from them
ibut it will have a Japano-Americans
e face. The thinaman can slavishl3
4 copy the statuette, reproedueing ever
Sblemish and blur, but be cannot do the
it last thing wi t the three portrasit
it and can produce nothing from them.
SI iomle Magaazine.
Slately drilling near Berlin has tran
Sformed cars of different klnds late
Sbospital cars with berths for stak
t or wounded in from three ad ome
h ail to Ave minutes er emr
MEASURING THE SUN'S HEAT.
hie Immenase Work Done by the RBay
on the Earth's Surface.
Every school boy knows that rn:n i
produced by the sun evaporating the
water from the sea and the reprecipi ph
tation of this water. But let him as'
IMEASUBIfG TH SUN'S HEAT.
his teacher at what rate this evapora
tion takes place and few will be able -
to answer. In order to study the force
of the sun Professor Buchanan has,
according to Nature, devised what he
calls a "Solar Calorimeter." By
means of this apparatus the sun's rays
are concentrated by a reflector upon
the surface of a silver tube in which
is water, the area of all parts being
accurately measured. Now the heat
from the sun changes the water in
the silver boiler to steam and this is
condensed by a suitable arrangement
and measured. Thus by noting the
tlme required, the area of the various
surfaces and the amount of water
changed to steam the sun's heat can
be calculated. Q
Observations made at- Sohag in
Egypt showed that the sun could
evaporate to steam more than seven
teen and a half cubic centimeters of
water per square meter of surface
per minute. No allowance has been
made for instrumental Imperfections.
They certainly exist and by making is
suitable corrections we find the force B
of the sun per square meter to be ,
equal to about one horse power. By 8
making suitable calculations the au
thor reckons that each meter of the N
sun's surface emits 45,000 horse-power v
Jigns Used by English Burgars.
Should you, while taking your morn.
Ing or evening stroll around your
house, notice any of these drawings,
or any chalk marks in the least resem
bling them, on your garden wall or
tJ·; walls of your house, says Answers,
AnRsK UanD Dnt zNGLISH HOU5UBsnAxn
notify the police. These signs are 12
common use among housebreakers and
tramps and thieves, each having its
Thus Fig. 1 means: Following the
pcint of the arrow, the fourth house
in the direction given Is to be burgled
durlng the night of the next mncon
The tools needed for the burglary are
indicated in tie second line.
A bird (lantern), die (hammer), key,
1 pitcher (chloroforn), and ladder.
Fig. 2, a key crossed by an arrow.
means that a free-laes tramp has
Sbeen rec3nnoltering and desires assist
ance; also that it would not be amiss
r ta visit the place at night, when In all
Sprobability a valuable acquaintance
Smay be formed.
Fig. 3, two swords crooased, with an
arrow running through, mignics thu
Sdirection a certain troop of t.arnps or
Sgypsles have taken.
nagUish Usages About ISpun.
Lord Grey de Ruthyn claims the
Sright to carry the sovereign's golden
spirs. A Field Marshal wears gilt
t spurs, and mounted ofcers of other
services wear steel spurs, except In
mess dress. A victorious Soath At
rican general has been presented by
his many admirers with a pair of
gold spurs. He will never be able
to wear them in ualform.-London
shleas ler Equies.
ita S wO r N, NT wmz~awL i& 3Gm -
e1 NUDmIN THU NOT m,..
" Onll mOl p eoide i mtllui did .
State Gonernment of Louisiana.
Governor-4V. W. Heart,
Secretary of State-Joh NMiohel.
Superintendent of Education-John
Auditor-W. 8. Frazee.
Treasurer-Ledoux E. Smith.
U. S. 8ENATORS.
Don Caferey and 8. D. MoEuery.
1 District-It. C. Davey,
R Distriot.-Adolph Meyer.
: Distriot-R. F. 14ronssard.
4 Distriet-P. Brasale.
5 Distrit--T. E. Banadell.
I Distriot--S. M. Robinson.
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Ce. A. booe, Di. PaLouis, i ,in
trains for all points
nolading Buffalo, Pittsburg. Cleve
land, Boston, Now York, Philadulphia,
Baltimore, od St. Paul, Min
neapolis. Omaha, Kansas city. ot
Springs, Ark., and Denver. Clsew
o: n ve aterr ioago wtb Central
mIs d Valle Bouts, Solid Fast
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Daily T rains fora
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Wod, New Yorl junal
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