Newspaper Page Text
TH BANNE R=DEMOCAT .
VOL. XIV. LAKE PROVIDENCE, EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA., SATURDAY. NOVEMBER 16, 1901. NO. 5.
FEREb THElEANDPIPERS HESTI..
Cy Charles Tenney Jackson.
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W IIERE is the nesting p:ace
of the "pled pipers of Santa
Barbara'." was long a
mooted question along the
Southern California coast. The crab
fishermen who put out dally from
the port in their picturesque
craft, to sail northward along the
peaceful waterways of the channel
kelp, had said that the pipers reared
their young on the swinging summits
of the wonderful sea hedges that
fringe the coast below Point Concep
cion, and that the tiny birds spent the
first weeks of their lives upon these
tragile marine meadows above the
heaving Pacific. But townsfolk, and
among them naturalists, insisted that
the birds nested Inland along the sandy
shallows of the creeks that wandered
down from the encircling mountains
to the sea.
No one had ever seen a sandpiper's
best, and the small birds, brownish
black with the deep rusty-red disks on
side and back, swirling in flocks of
hundreds over the blue waters of the
channel, never revenled the secret of
their birth. One of the Western uni
versities once sent a young man, a stu
dent named Coville. to inquire into
the sandpipers' hablits, and not until
then did the people of Santa Barbara
discover that the tiny fellow and his
habitat were of the least interest to
The young stuolnt-naturalist deter
mined to explore the kelp beds. From
the mountains and high places along
the coast one can see the sea hedges,
stretching like rihbons of amber satin
along the blue water, with the tumult
o' the open sea heating on their outer
sides, and on the Inner side the mir
rored shoals where dwell the sand
pipers and other fowl.
The channel kelp is a strong bulwark
that breaks the waves and tides from
the inner water, a woven wall of ca
ble-like vines and plants, braided with
s-'a grasses, weeds and parasitic algae,
through which the coast steamers,
when they wish to land, must keep a
path cut to the wharves. Sometimes
the great storms tear away many acres
of the kelp and hurl it ashore in im
mense masses, with heavy stones and
boulders still grasped by the roots of
the sea plants, showing how strong is
the anchorage of the marine meadows.
Coville went in quest of the sand
pipers' homes below Point Concepcion,
where, with a young man living near,
be made daily trips to the sea hedges.
They were out one afternoon as
usual, in Udward Potter's boat, and
had pushed far up a narrow channel
Ipto the kelp. The naturalist was
watching on both sides, while his con
panion slowly rowed through the
cent water. It was after the high
spring tides, when the crab fishermen
:.id the pipers nest; the shore waters
were smooth as glass under the sun
uhine. It was such delightfully lazy
work that the two young men had long
hours of waiting in which to become
warm friends, and they were both In
terested in all the swarming, wonder
tul sea life about and below them.
But of the sandpipers' nests, nothing.
The small birds circled about themn
with exasperating familiarity, perched
on the water plants within oar length
with cries of "Weet! weet!" and were
the most conspicuous tenants of the
sea fields, but they baffled all attempts
to discover their housemating and
To-day the men went far from their
usual haunts into the kelp, pushing
the boat by main strength through
sinuous openings and over masses of
floating weed until, at 5 o'cloci:, they
were thoroughly tired.
They rested in the bottom of the
boat and ate their lunch. Potter had a
shotgun, and was waiting for a shot
at one of the hawks that circled above
and darted at times at the swift pipers
on the kelp. Coville. scanned the un
dulating vegetation with his glass,
seeking the sandpipers' haunts.
Then he gave an exclamation: "I've
found them! There are young pipers
on the weeds toward the sea! I've
been watching them a long time; there
ought to be nests if there are young.
I'm sure there are young ones! Can't
you see them?"
Potter laughed at the naturalist's en
thusiasm, but he pulled in among the
weeds. and when the rowing became
hard they both worked with oar and
pole until the craft was wedged In the
fibrous vines of heavier vegetation
than any they had yet encountered.
It was on this that Corvllle discovered
his pipers. Hie was right; there were
very small, dark gray nestlings scor
rying about the undulating sea floor.
Covlle was demonstrative in his
soy. He clambered from the boat and
tried to walk on the mass of seaweeds,
but broke through at times to his
waist, and wherever he stood the
plants slowly settled beneath him,
"Work the boat over here, Ed!" he
Shouted. "I've found thlem! Nests,
real nests of woven sea grasses, the
prettlest things you ever saw, swing
ing in the weeds! No wonder we
have never been able to see them be
tore; they're too small!"
The baby sandpipers ran hither and
thither over their fragile meadows;
bhunmdreds of them, feeding on the
Elating insect larvae, fish roe, the
jellyfish fragments and winged nauti
Ius on the small channels between the
kelp. They dived freely in pursuit of
their food, but, like the elder pipers,
could not swim.
The hunters had stumbled squarely
into the sea nursery; hundreds of the
birds were about them, old and young.
Covillo found nest after nest in the
dried, grassy tops above the water
where the babies and eggs swung in
delicate cradles over the deep. In
tent on his search he was scrambling
in the seaweed, caring nothing for his
Immersion every moment when the
vines let him through. Potter was
struggling with the boat, trying to
draw it over a mass of cable-like
plants. Under water the vegetation
'as. viscid and treacherous. Potter
had taken his shotgun out and laid It
on a hummock. He was outside the
boat trying to lift it above the mass
Tien Cowille heard him shout. While
be was trgl to depress the ster of
the boat, his we;ght had forced it sud
denly under water: it shot down side.
wise among the slippery vines, and
whten he tried to shove it back a great
arm of the kelp had slipped above the
gunwale, holding it tightly like a rub
The boat kept sliding end foremost
Under water, and Potter's frantic if
forts in nowise helped, for he, too,
was slowly sinking from the weight
on the fibrous mass. Coville ran to
him, and they grasped the bow of the
craft and tried to pull it forward. In
tread, they forced thenmselves nec.
deep into the slimy vegetation, and
bad to abandon the effort. They drew
off to safer footing and looked at each
other in perplexity. The boat remained
two-th!rds submerged, locked in the
It all happened so suddenly that the
real gravity of the situation did not
dawn on them. Potter even burst out
laughing at the collegian's blank face.
"Pull off your clothes,"' he said.
"We'll have to get under the boat and
loosen that root."
"We can cut it, I suppose," said Co
ville. "I have a knife."
The shore, with the high mountains
hack of It, seemed so close, with the
still water between: the kelp fields, a
half mile wide, with the open water
beyond, and the sun so bright over all,
were so familiar that the possibility
of danger did not strike them.
"I can swim to shore if it comes to
that," said Potter. "But we'll ge. the
boat out in a minute."
lie dived under it and worked stren
uously at the vines, thick ¶s a man's
leg, that lay across its thwarts. IHe
came up for breath, and returned with
('oville's knife. But the tough fibers
resisted, and all the time the mass
sank until the end of the boat was
barely above the surface, and long
streamers of kelp were beginning to
throw themselves out from the sides
over the diver, as if to hold him down.
Potter came up red-faced and ex
hausted. "Dropped the knife," he
said, shortly, "but there's only one
strand on the boat now. If I get that
off she'll come up."
"But the whole business is sinkinking!"
said Covrile. "I thought that the stuff
was going to close over you. Be care
Potter went below. Through the
crystal water Coville could mark every
movement of his hands. Then some
thing like a band of shining white in
the sunlit water swept through the
open place below Coville.
He yelled hastily at his companion,
but Potter, although he did not hear
the shout, saw the danger, and plunged
upward to where his friend grasped
his hand and drew him upon the sink
ing cables of kelp.
"A shark! What a big one he was!"
"Yes, I thought he had you; he went
past like a shot!"
"That's bad. Hie wasn't after me,
but all the commotion of the boat
sinking had attracted the brutes. I
never thought of that. There are
fearfully big ones under the kelp. The
fishermen say it's a feeding ground for
them, the cuttlefish are so plentiful
The two young men peered fear
fully down through the frond-latticed
windows Into the depths. Blue, black
and purple sea plants trailed upward,
disturbed by the passage of the shark.
But for the shadows they could have
seen the bottom of the sea, so trans
parent was the still water.
"We're in a bad fix!" said Coville.
"You'll not dare to swim ashore now,
with those fellows roused; it's a mile,
I should say."
Potter looked disconsolate enough.
The sun was setting, the mountains
were purple In the east; the sea birds
called all about them; the sandpipers,
Irratatingly impertinent, were running
lightly about on the seaweed floor.
But this was sinking under them.
They drew back and noticed that the
boat was hopelessly entangled. Then
there came a swift swirl of water in
the open spot where it had been. Two
sharks dashed careening about the
basin. They could see the white bod
ies flash dully under and around the
boat, charging on the submerged
crat. led, probably, by the scent of
the provision under the thwarts.
"We can't stand still on this stuff;
it goes down every moment!" said Co
ville. "Keep moving and watch for
Potter recovered his shotgun, and
the two men began picking their way
along the kelp. It had never occurred
to them before how surprisingly little
of the sea hedge would bear a man's
weight. They were constantly sink
Ing, and had to be wary of the pools
of clear water on every side. They
saw a smaller shark in one of the tn
terstices of the kelp; the keen mon
sters had been drawn from every
point. Looking back the men saw a
wlld commotion In the pool about the
"Fighting, probably," said Potter.
"Do you suppose they will follow us
It began to appear as if they would.
One of the brutes dashed into open
sight not forty feet away, and when
they neared a long open channel
through the weeds, two or three niore
were visible, hanging warily in the
water, and seeming to watch the agi
tation of the kelp below the men's
Down the coast there was no one In
sight. There was no possible escape
except by swimming, and the sea
weeds afforded no resting place.
Two minutes at the most was the
longest time they could stop in one
place; then they would be waist deep,
and the clammy stuff about their bod
ies was unpleasantly suggestive of the
There was no house visible except
the Potter ranch near the coast. Ed
ward could see the smoke curling up
from the chimney on the point of land
"If we could only make them hear!"t'
he said. "My sister's there; she's good
with a boat and could takeus off. But
I believe she went to town"
They were forced to keep moving,
scrambisag on oer the coarse dried
hummocks of the seaweed that pro
truded from the water, but offered lit
There was a long projection of the
stuff landward, and on this they trav
eled as far as possible, and then they
began to shout loudly for help,
Potter had managed to keep above
water, and he repeatedly fired his shot
After the sun had set they once imn
agined that they heard a response
from the shore. They shouted and
fired again and again, and looked and
li-tened intently. but heard nothing
more and could detect no sign of life
The sea field was narrower here;
the swell from the ocean made a long,
unenasy undulation in the kelp which
f.ightened them still more, and they
tied to retrace their steps. On the
way they discovered that two of the
sharks were moving slowly alongside
in the clear channel, and as the men
were under water above their waists
now, they realized the danger of a
sudden rush by one of the brutes,
which might easily carry a man from
Potter fired into the water at the
nearer shark, and succeeded in fright
ening both of them away, but they re
mained near by, watching with hun
The men were now much exhausted
and chilled by the water. Coville hlhd
lost his voice from shouting, and said
that he could go but very little further.
As it grew dark they could not pick
the secure footing, and both went time
and again into deep pools and had to
Potter had thrown away the gun, but
continued to call wildly, although
their chances of rescue seemed re
When they reached a place near the
heoat the sharks were frolicking about
them in savage playfulness, beating
the water into bubbles by their strong
rushes to the surface. None of them
seemed inclined to charge on the pris
oners as yet, although in the dark it
was only a question of time when they
would be seized under the water.
One of the monsters swept into the
kelp not ten feet from Potter, and
turning, tore at the water plants until
the young man was thrown off and
cried in terror to his friend. The
sharks constantly grew bolder in their
advances. The men pulled themselves
up on the highest portion of the slowly
sinking sea hedge and awaited the
end; they had given up hope of escape
from their grim pursuers.
Then suddenly in the dusk toward
the shore they heard a girl's clear
voce. They stared in amazement;
then Potter cried out in joy at the
sound of his name.
"Kate! Is that you? Hurry-help!"
"I'm coming! What's the matter
with you? Supper has been ready for
an hour! I heard you calling! Where's
"Hurry, Kate! The sharks are all
about us-be careful"'
The girl was pulling with swift, pow
erful strokes along the side of the
kelp beds. The men were crying to
her frantically, and then began to
flounder across the weeds until Potter
at last sprang into the open water and
swam the few remaining feet. He
seized an oar.
"Coville's done up!" he cried. "He's
just hanging to the stuff with his
hands! Push the boat in!"
Potter leaped out again and caught
th " young naturalist in his arms, and
they stood together until Kate forced
the boat in near them. The men were
almost beside themselves with the joy
of their release. They lay limply in
the bottom of the boat, telling the
story of the adventure, while the girl
rowed down the mirrored channels of
the kelp fields and turned the boat to
ward the home shore.
Coville shuddered a little when they
looked back and saw the indistinct
shadows of a moving shark in the
beautiful submarine gardens beneath
"That was a narrow escape, wasn't
it? But It was pretty near worth it
to find out where the sandpipers nest.
W'e'll come out again to-morrow."
A School Jor Detectivwe.
In France the art of being a detec
tive is taught In a regularly graded
school with lessons and examinations.
The students are first trained in the
use of their eyes and hands. One of
the lessons consists in placing a pupil
In the middle of a brilliantly lighted
room full of furniture. He is left for
a few seconds, when the room is dark
ened, and he is required to sketch
hastily a complete map of the room,
indicating the position of the furni
ture. After this he is allowed to look
at a face for a moment or two. The
student is then required to describe
the face and the color of the hair and
eyes. He is afterward required to
recognize a photograph of the face
among several hundred others.
The education of the hand follows.
The pupil is placed in a darkened
room full of curious and unusual ob
jects. He is required to touch them
rapidly and afterward to recall exact.
ly what he has touched and write a
nescription of them. He must remem
ber even the slightest details. One of
the exercises consists in placing a jew.
cled knife before him In the dark,
which he is allowed to touch only for
a momept. Afterward he must tell
by touch what the jewels are--wheth
er rubies, diamonds or opals.
Beware of Old Potatoes.
A timely note of cautlon may be
given at this season of the year in re
gard to the use of old potatoes, says
Leslie's Weekly. It has always been
known that new potatoes partly or
wholly turned green by exposure to
the sun while growing are poisonous.
It seems that this same poisonous sub
stance has been discovered in old
potatoes, especially when they begin
to sprout The substance is known as
alkaloid solanine. In 1892 and 18093
there was almost wholesale poiaoning
among the troops of the German army.
The symptoms were frontal head
ache, colic, diarrhoea, vomitaing, wesat
ness and slight stupor, and in some
cases dilation of the pupils. Meyer
investigated the matter, and found in
old potatoes kept in a damp place and
beginning to sprout twenty-tour tiel
as much solanine as in new potatoes.
British colonies are seventy tnaes at
large as the area of the Uait4 King
A NEW TYPE OF AMERICAS. OLDIEtI,
ONE OF UNCLE SAM'S SAMOAN SOLDIERS.
The United States has a model little army in the Samoan Islands, accord
Ing to letters officers of the United States cruiser Philadelphia sent from
New Zealand. They say the Tutuila Naval Guard is one of the best drilled
bodies of troops in the world. The natives look upon the soldier business
with great enthusiasm when enlisted under the American flag, and they
have been drilled until they show great perfection in military movement.
The Samoan troops wear red turbans, white navy undershirts and blue dun.
garee "lava-lavas" or breech-cloths, with two red straps around the hem.
The legs and feet are bare.
BLOSSOMS THAT EMIT LIGHT.
When the Pollen Bursts Electricity Is
Oenerated With Faint Flashes.
To a woman belongs the honor of
having first discovered flowers that
emit light. This woman was the
daughter of Linneaus, the celebrated
Swedish naturalist. One evening.
when the aged man and his daughter
were walking in their gardens, she
called his attention to some nastur
tiums glowing with a faint phospho
rescent light. They removed these to
a perfectly dark room and there
viewed the ghostly illuminated flowers
for hours, trying to solve the mystery.
Since that time, says the New York
Herald, a number of different flowers
have been found to give forth a light,
among them being the corolla of the
common sunflower; also a species of
tagetes, called by the French botanists
the "rose d'Inde," and the large and
beautiful compound flower called in
this country the dahlia.
"Luminous nasturtiums." writes Pro
fessor A. Frederick Collins," "have
been frequently observed in Golden
Gate Park, San Francisco. I observed
one evening a number of persons
bending over an iron pot full of nas
turtiums. Curious to know what the
attraction was I fell into line until it
became my turn to inspect the flow
ers at closer range.
"I was surprised to see a flash of
light dart repeatedly from the yellow
petals. The next day I photographed
"A strange fact regarding the phos
phorescent light emitted by certain
LUMINOUS NASTUnTIUMS IT GOLDEN
flowers, it has been observed, is that
those in which the yellow and orange
predominate exhibit the greatest
amount,of light. Professor Haggern,
the naturalist, pronounces the light of
electrical origin, declaring that when
the pollen bursts electricity Is pro
duced, and light follows."
The pheasant, everybody knows, is
a non-aquatic bird; therefore Pro
fessor Lloyd Morgan's observations
that newly hatched birds of the age
of thirty hours swim easily, show apt
leg movements and exhibit few signs
of distress. is of singular interest. Is
this swimming habit a throw-back or
reversion to an antecedent state in the
history of this land-giving species, or
is It to be regarded as an example of
a direct and sadden adaptation to a
new environment?--London Chronicle.
A Reed.e. JNI
Boone County, Mo., has a sort of
hoodoo bird known as "the belled
buzzard" which has returned to the
neighborhood at intervals of a few
years since before the days of the old
est inhabitant. It carries a bell at
tached to an iron collar. The bird
has just come back very gray and
sluggish. It is believed to be at least
a century old.
The fellows who always notice when
a girl has os a new hat don't always
make tLhet esat hbusbsd~.
Armor Presented to the King.
The sixteenth century suit of armor
presented to the King on June 13 by a
number of gentlemen, headed by the
Duke of Marlborough, was worn at
the coronation of King George I., by
the champion, Dymoke, whose fee it
became after the ceremony. The suit
was made for Sir Christopher Hat
ton, and is the work of the armorer,
Jacobi. The breastplate, of markedly
peascod form, is of great size, with
two laminated plates at the bottom,
and on the left hand side five staples
for the attachment of the lance rest.
The decoration of the breastplate is of
great interest, as at the top of the
centre band is the crowned reverse
cipher, represented by a capital E and
beside It the same letter reversed, a
symbol which was used, no doubt, in
compliment to Queen Elizabeth; above
the monogram is a strapwork panel,
containing the figure of Mercury; at
the base of the breastplate is an ob
long eartouche, with the date 1585,
The same theme of ornament Is re
peated on the back plate. The legs
are small in comparison with the rest
of the suit. It was purchased by the
presentation committee from a New
Bond street art dealer.
The Largest Ship Afloat.
The new White Star liner Celtic
heads her class of pessenger steamers
in size and magnificence. Her cabin
capacity is 2859 passengers, yet to
give an idea of the roominess and
comfort of the boat, it is estimated
that 40.000 men could stand on one
of her spacious decks. She is 700
feet long, has a beam of seventy-five
feet and a depth of forty-nine feet.
Although not so long as the Oceanic
by five feet, she has seven feet more
beam, and measures 3000 tons more.
Her tonnage is 20,000 gross, and her
displacement, at load draught, is 38.
220 tons. With engines of the quad
ruple expansion type, twin screws,
great depth of beam and huge keels,
she ought to be the steadiest craft
afloat. The staterooms are large and
comfortable; and suites, including Uh
ing room, chambers and bathrooms,
are furnished for families. The steer
age is said to be as luxurious as the
first-class accommodations of twenty
Very few of us would be william to
take our own advijce.
A Reight of Tihre. tiles Ieahed
at BUiie H Ol Observatory.
ITE flying is no longer a
boy's amusement merely.
Mature men enjoy the sport
S greatly, thoagh the oppor
tunities for it may not be afforded ex
cept during their annual vacations,
Kites are used a great deal nowadays
for scientific purposes, too.
The device which Franklin found so
:onvienient for investigating the elec- 7;
BRIDLI OF DIAMOND rITS. to
tricity of a storm cloud has also been
employed for carrying up self-register-v
ing thermometers to great altitudes. c
The United States Weather Bureau,
by simultaneous observation over a
wide area, has learned much about
atmospheric conditions at an eleva
tlon of nearly ten thousand feet. At
the private observatory of A. Law
rence Rotch, near Boston, kites have
been sent up twelve thousand and fif
teen thousand feet. Photographs have
In the same way been obtained far
above the earth's surface, and a num
ber of daring and ingenious army of
ficers have sought to sustain them
selves In the air at a sufficient eleva
tion to reconnoitre. These last men
tioned ventures, though rather promis
ing, have not been attended with any
marked success. Still, the vast ma
jority of those who fly kites do so for
recreation and not for purposes of re
At the shops one can find a great
variety of kites. Some are shaped
like yachts, and others like eagles.
These are rather expensive, however.
The more common forms, both in the
toy trade and among scientists, are a
the Eddy and box kites. Both of these t
are tailless, which fact simplifies the
work of flying them, though calling a
for a little greater precision in con- t
It is possible for a person endowed a
with a fair amount of mechanical I
skill to make his own kites. Inasmuch c
as it is common to fy several at once, 1
tandem, and as there is more or less
loss from breakage sooner or later,
one naturally wishes to have any- r
Where from two to a dozen, and if
;iat number were purchased ready 1
made the cost would not be trifling.
For the Eddy kite two sticks are
required, one upright and the other
crossing it at right angles, one-fifth
of the way from the top. The propor
tion is eighteen per cent. to be exact.
Straight grain white pine or spruce
is the best wood, and for a kite three
or four feet high the sticks should be
half an inch wide, and a quarter of
an Inch thick. At the intersection the
sticks should be fastened together
with brads or twine. The ends being
suitably notched, twine or fine wire
should be tightly stretched around
Before this stage of construction is
reached certain other measures must
be taken, In order to give the kite a
slightly bulging front. The cross stick
should be bent backward like an
archer's bow, and the curvature pre
served by a string from end to end.
Thin manila paper, silk or light mus
T!E NAUGRAVE CELLULAL KITI.
Saln will make a good covering. This
Sshould fit a little loosely, so that on
each side of the upright stick the
wind will make shallow pockets. A
Sbridle for flying Is made by tying one
string to the bottom of the upright
stick and another to the intersection
Sof the two, their lengths being such
that the upper end will go out at right
Sangles from the face of the kite. The
Sbridle terminates in a loop, and the
t kite string As tied to the latter.
e Hargrave, an Australian, is credited
Swith originating the cellular or box
kite. But the experts of the United
TDB NEW FLOATING STS.e L YDOCK OF Tfl UfmB STA1P NAVL
LA U NCHE D $T SPAR OW' POI NT IIi tUGU8T A IT WILL WOOK
IIOWDINGO! F h
Th L the whirt dock in the world, and a ,eai me additiem to w navy. It
i 356 fiet .a&E with lifti i power @1 9DS , tinfrsd o.k iM . It dw
tmd at Alrs mw New OMiiaJ
States Weather Bureau have tried a
number of modifications of the design
in matters of detail So have )fr.
Clayton, of the Blue Hill Observ.
MODIJI D Y1Of Of 01 KIT.
tory; Lieutenant Hugh Douglas Wise,
U. S. A., and others. Some men have
the tops and bottoms of the cells borl
sontaL Others turn them up corner
wise. Again, one experimente Im
parted a diamond shape to the big cell.
For the Potter, or diamond, kite the
United States Weather Bureau gives
these dimensions: Four corner sticks,
forty-four inches long. lve-eight inch
wide and quarter inch thick. Upright
braces, or struts, fifteen Inches, and
horizontal braces thirty-eight inches
long. The cells are of cloth, hemmed
on both edges, thirteen inches wide
and eighty-one inches long. Two ef
these are needed, of course.
Eddy kites are easily sent up with
out assistance. To raise a box kite it
is wise to let out 150 or 200 feet of
string; have this lie exactly in line
with the wind, and get some one to «
hold the kite lightly until the wind
catches it and begins to lift. At the g
instant it is released fifteen or twenty
feet of cord should be pulled in. That a
performance has the same effect on
the kite as running. If the kite shows
HEN EDDY KIT!.
a disposition to dive, let out a little
When a flag is to be sent aloft by j
means of kites, one edge should be
tacked t a stlck sufficiently heavy to
hang vertically, and the upper end
of the stick tied to the kite string
when the kite or team has gohe Up «
only a short distance.-New York
Automatei Mese Trap.
The disadvantage of the usual a
mouse trap is that it is not automatie a
In its action, and even when the aver
age woman has caught a mouse in it
she is at a loss to get rid of the mouse
AUToxATIC 0o153a3 T!.
In the contrivance shown here an,
number of mice may be caught In a
single night, and each of them die
posed of In a cylinder of water, so
that It Is completely lost sight oC
The mouse, entering at the bottom,
tries to get at the batt, which is en
closed in a wire netting and is late
cessible. Its efforts set in motion a
balance movement, which closes thi
door of the trap. There is a wien
netting passageway, apparently af
fording an exit, which the mose
naturally follows, only to spring a
second balance and thus precipitste
itself Into a water tank. this same
operation opens the door of the trap
automatically for the next victim. The
tank of water can be easily detached,
emptied and refilled when requmlrd
rml ruesemsa Who ws ese*
At the village of Wold Newton, ain
IEngland, the rural postman, who is a
Wesleyan local preacher, has taught
himselt Greek duriag his lnt aad
solitasy walks between the vmllar
and Ganton on his daily rond.
The sweets of family life are not to
I be found in family Jars.
Governor-W. W. H. ard,
Lesut.nant Governor-Albert Esto
Secretary of State--John Michel.
Superintendent of Education--John
Asditor--W. 8. FrPree.
Tressurer-LedoUx E. Smith.
U. 8. SENATORS.
Don Caferey and S. D. McEnery.
1 District-it. C. Davey.
2 Distriot--Adolph Meyer.
! Distriot-R. F. Ironsard.
4 Distriot--P. Braseals.
5 District-J. E. l(au;dell.
6 District-8. M. Robinson.
m ':O*I; L.
~re Nelsew cromaiosesad
pslttsg and Auditdm , and
Sleseaood ia er and
1il aaipp alr tsadt
Nua,. w own our colege
neesiies asd as asereellse
bMa~t . an over the
al besra. eoaneeons and
Dnar ely and reputsbly know,n we
he boete tt6he iatest Iher saving forms.
nat y tie. L rhn o klla.
ASbume s O. 64C ..v oas.
tississippi Vaay t
llmUniprp : 80 : Sar1w
NT ORLTEAS & IE IPE
eemneetu at Xe1p00 ith
"s Pittsaob Ose
Onire, St. Louis, Chioago, C in
cinna ti, Louisaville,
asking direct oonneotlons with ktkroub
tr ais for all points
NORTH, EAST AND WEST,,
aelading ufnEslo, Pittsaburg, olve
lad, Beot.o. New York. Ph*lsdlphia,
altimeore, Illebmond, St. Paul, 'Min
aespolie, Omsba, Keases City, Hot
ISpia, Ark., and Denver. GleeS
aotes at Okiese with Oentral.
ia Vele ou, oeld lest
,3Ul. SiX FALLS, SIOUX CITY,
ad the Week hrUlealhre of agent.
.- theY. ! Y. Y. and oemneotl/ lines
W,.Munir, Di. N. Ag
ho. A. Siemme, Dv. P Ag.,
A. s. rEamrs a.: r. A., .
O.OA. ZifmOOO 'A.*, P. .,
: To EXT TN10 WETO :
Son land and see through itsb
SKtLEDID SPECIAL SERVC *
as furnished the New York
SWorld, New York fourn, *n,
SAssociated Press and Staff
:Crs~~feodents0 all in one.
o t OL .0oo Month. u,
THE TIMES-DEMOCRAT, :
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