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The Banner-Democrat. (Lake Providence, East Carroll Parish, La.) 1892-current, November 23, 1901, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064237/1901-11-23/ed-1/seq-1/

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Glorious in all his splendid majesty,
the great sun issued forth of his
chamber, and all the wild sea basked
in his beams with a million, million
smiles. Save the sea and the sun and
the sky, there was nought apparently
existing-it might well have been the
birthday of Light. The one prevail
ing characteristic of the scene to a
human eye, had one been there to see,
was peace-perfect, stainless pea'e.
Yet beneath that sea of smiling, placid
beauty a war of unending ferocity
was being waged, truceless, merciless;
for unto the victors belonged the
spoils, and without them they must
perish-there was nonu other food to
be gotten.
But besides all this ruthless war
rare, carried on inevitably, becaunse
without it all must die of hunger,
there were other causes of conflict,
matters of high policy and more in
tricate motive than just the blind, ill
compelling pressure of hunger. The
glowing surface cf that morning sea
was suddenly disturbed simultaneous
ly at many points, and like ascending
incense the bush:y breathings of some
scores of whales b, 'came visible. Per.
fectly at their ease, since their in
stincts assured them that from this
silent sea their only enemy was ab
sent, they lay in unstudied grace
about the sparkling waters, the cows
and youngsters frivoling happily to
gether in perfect freedom from care.
Hither they had come from one of
their richest feeding grounds, where
all had laid in a stock of energy suf
ficient to carry them half around the
globe without weariness. So they
were fat with a great ri.hness, strong
with incalculable strength, and be
cause of these things they were now
about to settle a most momentous
.part from the main gathering of
males and calves by the space of
ut a mile lay five individuals, who
their enormous superiority in
Wgh-, no less than the staid gravity
of their demeanor, were evidently the
adult males of the school. They lay
almost motionless in the figure of a
baseless triangle, whereof the apex
was a magnificent bull over 70 feet
in length, with a back like some keel
less ship, bottom up, and a head huge
and square as a railway car. He it
was who first broke the stillness that
Slowly raising his awful front with
Dts down-hanging 20-foot lower jaw
exposing two gleaming rows of curved
teeth, he said:
"Children, ye have chosen the time
and the place for your impeachment
of my over-lordship, and I am ready.
Well I wot that ye do but as our
changeless laws decree; that the choice
of your actions rest not with your
selves; that although ye feel lords
of yourselves and oesirous of ruling
all your fellows, it is but under the
compelling pressure of our hereditary
instincts. Yet remember. I pray you,
before ye combine to drive me from
among ye, for how many generations
I have led the school, how wisely I
have chosen our paths, so that we are
still an unbroken family, as we have
been prr moro than a hundred sea
sons., iAnd if ye must bring your
powers to test now, remember, too,
that I am no weakling, no dota:'d
weary of rule, but mightiest among
all our people, conqurcr in :-ore than
a thousand battles. wise with the ac
cumulated knowledgc of a hundred
generations of monarchy. Certainly
the day of my displacement milst
come; who should know that bhtter
than I? But methinks it has not yet
dawned, and I would not have ye
lightly pit your immature strength
against mine, courting inevitable de
struction. Ponder well my wor:.:, for
I have spoken."
A solemn hush ensued, just empha
sized by the slumbrous sound of he
sparkling wavelets lapping those
mighty forms as they lay all motion
less and apparently inert. Yet it had
been easy to see that along each bas
tion-like flank tile rolling tendons,
each one a cable in itself, were tense
and ready for instantaneous action,
that the great muscle mounds were
hardened around the gigantic masses
of bone, and that the flukes, each some
hundred feet in area, did not yield to
the heaving bosom of the swell, lut
showed an almost imperceptible vi
bration as of a fucus frond in a tide
rip. After a perfect silence of some
15 minutes an answer came-from the
youngest of the grotp, who lay re
mote from the chief:
"We have heard, O king, the words
of wisdom and our hearts rejoice.
Truly we have been of the fortunate
in this goodly realm, and Ingrates in
deed should we be had our training
under so terrible a champion been
wasted upon us. But therefore it !s
that we would forestall the shame
that should overtake us did we walt
until thy force had waned and that
all-conquering might had dwindled
into dotage ere we essayed to put thy
teaching into practice. Sine thy dcp
osition from this proud place must be.
to whose forces couldst thou more
honorably yield than to ours. the
young warriors who have learned of
thee all we know, and who will carry
on the magnificent traditions thou hast
handed down to us in a manner worthy
of our splendid sire. And if we be
slain, as well may be. remembering
with whom we do battle, the greater
our glory, the greater thine also."
A deep murmur like the bursting of
a tidal wave against the sea-worn
lava rocks of Ascension marked the
satisfaction of the group at this expo
sition of their views, and as if actu
ated by one set of nerves the colos
sal four swung round shoulder to
shoulder, and faced the ocean mon
arch. Moving not by a barnacle's
breadth, he answered, "It is well
spoken, oh. my children; ye are wiser
than I. And be the issue what it will,
all shall know that the royal race
still holds. As in the days when our
fathers met and slew theslimydragona
of the pit, and unscarred by fathom
long claws or ten-DI; coats of mail
dashed them in plevee and chased
them from the blue deep they ne
foulde, so today when the world has
grown old, and our ancient heritage
has sorely shrunken, our warfare shall
be the mightiest among created
Hardly had the leviathan uttered
the last word when, with a roar like
Niagara bursting its bonds in spring,
he hurled his vast bulk headlong upon
the close-gathered band of his huge
offspring. His body was like a bent
bow, and its recoil tore the amazed
Lea into deep whirls and eddies as if
an island had foundered. Full upon
the foremost one he fell, and deep an
swered unto deep with the impact.
That awful blow dashed its recipient
far into the soundless depths, where
the champion sped swiftly forward on
his course, unable to turn until his
impetus was somewhat spent. Before
he could again face his foes, the three
were upon him, smiting him with l i
tanic fluke strokes, circling beneath
him with intent to catch the down
hanging shaft of his lower jaw, rising
swiftly, end on, beneath the broad
spread of his belly, leaping high into
the bright air, and falling heavily up
on his wide back.
The tormented sea foamed and
hissed in angry protest, screaming sea
birds circled around the conflict, rav
ening sharks gathered from unknown
distances, scenting blood, and all the
countless tribes of ocean waited
aghast. But after the first red fury
had passed came the wariness, came
the fruitage of all those years of train
ing, all the accumulated instincts of
ages to supplement blind brutal force
with deep-laid schemes of attack and
defence. As yet the three survivors
were but slightly injured, for they
had so divided their attack, even in
that first great onset, that the old
warrior could not safely single out
one for destruction. Now the young
est, the spokesman, glided to the
front of his brethren and faced his
waiting sire:
"What! so soon weary? Thou art
older than we thought. Truly, this
battle hath been delayed too long. We
looked for a fight that should be re
membered for many generations, and
behol~.-" Out of the corner of his
eye he saw the foam circles rise as the
,ast tail of the chief curved inward
for the spring, and he, the scorner,
launched himself backwards a nun
dred fathoms at a bound. After him,
leaping like any salmon in a spate,
came the terrible old warrier, the smit
ten waves boiling around him as he
dashed them aside in his tremendous
pursuit But herein the pursued had
the advantage, for it is a peculiarity
of the sperm whale that, while he
cannot see before him, his best arc of
vision is right astern. So that the
pursuer must needs be guided by
sodnd and the feel of the water, and
.te very vigor of his chase was telling
far more upon his vast bulk than up,
on the lither form of his flying ene
In this matter the monarch's wis
dom was of no avail, for experience
could not tell him how advancing age
handicaps the strongest, and he won
dered to find a numbness creeping
along his spine--to feel that he was
growing weary. And suodenly, with
an eel-like movement, the pursued
one described a circle beneath the
water, rising swiftly, as a dolphin
springs towards his pursuer, and dash
ing at the dangling, gleaming jaw.
These two great jaws met in clashing
contest, breaking off a dozen or so of
the huge teeth and ripping eight or
ten feet of the gristly muscle from
the throat of the aggressor. But hard
ly had they swung clear of each other
than the other two were fresh upon
the scene, and while the youngest one
rested, they effectually combined to
prevent their fast-weakening foe from
rising to breathe. No need now for
them to do more, for the late enor
mous expenditure of force had so
drained his vast body of its prime ne
cessity that the issue of the fight was
but a question of minutes.
Yet he still fought gallantly, though
with lungs utterly empty-all the
rushing torrent of his blood growing
fetid for lack of vitalizing air. At
last, with a roar as of a cyclone
through his head, he turned on his
side and yielded to his triumphant
conquerors, who.drew off and allow.d
him to rise limply to the now quiet
sea surface. For more than an hour
he lay there prone, enduring all the
agony of his overthrow, and seeing
for before him the long, lonely vista
of his solitary wanderings, a lone
whale driven from his own, and nev
ermore to rule again.
Meanwhile. the three had departed
in search of their brother, smitten so
iorely early in the fight that he had
not since joined them. When they
found that which had been he, it was
the centre of an innumerable host of
hungry things that fled to air or sea
depths at their approach. A glance
revealed the manner of his end--a
broken back-while already, such had
been the energy of the sea people, the
great framework of his ribs was partly
laid bare. They made no regrets for
the doing of useless things finds 'o
place in their scheme of things. Then
the younger said: "So the question
of overlordship lies between us three,
and I am unwilling that it should
await settlement. I claim the leader
ship and am prepared here and now
to maintain my right." This bold as
sertion had its effect upon the two
hearers, who, after a long pause, re
plied: "We accept, O king, fully and
freely, until the next battle day ar
rives, when the succession must be
maintained by thee in ancient form."
So the matter was settled and proud
ly, the young monarch set off to re
join the waiting school. Into their
midst he glided with an air of eon
scious majesty, pausing in the centre
to receive the homage and affection
ate caresses of the harem. No ques
tions were asked as to the wherea
bouts of the deposed sovereign, nor as
to what had become of the missing
member of the brotherhood. These are
things that do not disturb the whale
people, who in truth have a sufafieetc)
of other matters to occupy theit
thoughts besides those inevitable
changes that belong to the settled or
der of things. The recognit'on com
plete, the new leader glided out fromn
the midst of his people, and pointingi
his masYtve front to the westward
moved off at a stately pace, on a
straight course for the coast .)f Japan.
Long, long lay the defeated one,
rio.iwless and al,:nt'. -lis eertions
had been so tremendous that every
vast muscle band seemed strained be
yond recovery, while the torrent of
his blood, befouled by his long en
forced stay beneath the sea, did not
readily regain its normally healthful
flow. But on the second day he
roused himself, and his mighty head
swept the unbroken circle of the hori
zon to satisfy himself that he was in
deed at last a lone whale. Ending
his earnest scrutiny, he milled round
to the southward, and with set pur
pose and steady fluke beat started for
the Aueklands. On his journey he
passed many a school or smaller
"pod" of his kind, but in some mys
terious manner the seal of his lonc
liness was set upon him, so that he
was shunned by all. In 10 days he
reached his objective, 10 days of fast
mng, and impelled by fierce hunger
he ventured in closely to the cliffs,
where great shoals of fish, many seals,
with an occasional porpoise, came gai
ly careering down the wide gaping
tunnel of his throat into the inner
darkness of dissolution. It was good
to be here, pleasant to feel once morc
that unquestioned superiority over all
things, and swirtly the remembrance
of his fall faded from the monster's
mind. By day he wandered lazily, en
joying the constant easy procession
of living food down his ever-opened
gullet; by night he wallowed sleepily
in the surf-torn margin of those jagged
And thus he Fame to enjoy the new
phase of existence, until one day he
rose slowly from a favorite reef patch
to feel a sharp pang shoot through
his wide flank. Startled into sudden,
violent activity, he plunged madly
around in the confined area of the
cove wherein he lay, in the vain en
deavor to rid himself of the smart.
But he had been taken at a disadvaa
tage, for in such shallow waters there
was no room to manoeuvre his vast
buix, and his wary assailants felt
that in spite of his undoubted vigor
and ferocity he would be an easy
prey. But suddenly he headed in
stinctively for the open sea at such
tremendous speed that the two boats
attached to him were but as chips
behind. He reached the harbor's
mouth, and bending swiftly sought
the depths. Unfortunately for hilm
a large pinnacle of rock rose sheer
from the sea bed some hundred fath
oms below, and from this he hurled
himself headlong with such fearful
force that his massive neck was brok
en. And next day a weary company of
men were toiling painfully to strip
from his body its great accumulation
of valuable oil, and his long career
was ended.-New York Evening Post
It costs $827 to fire a single shot
from a 16-inch rifle; or more than
enough to pay the wages of a private
soldier in the regalar army for five
long years. Even an eight-inch rifle
costs $125 each time it is discharged.
One day the gardener at the Norfolk
Creake rectory, Norfolk, England.
hung up his Jacket in the rectory
greenhouse. On taking it down he
found that a wren had built her nest
in one of the sleeves. The intruder
seemed quite at home in her odd rest
ing place, and has been left in undis
turbed possession.
A man appeared in the bankruptcy
court in London the other day who
described himself as a descendant of
the Pharaohs and "hereditary hiero
phant of the sacred mysteries." His
two claims to fame are that he has
discovered that "hurrah" is of Egyp
tian origin, being really "hoo ra," and
dating from Rameses, and that he has
written a poem called "The Doom of
Chaos: One Thousand Lines of Orig
Inal Melodious Verse."
Wherever the Romans penetrated
they were sure to erect great baths.
Recent excavations on an Astate in
Scotland have revealed the founda
tions of an immense bath with con
crete floors and walls, lead pipe con
nection, hypocaust and stoke hole
with a flue extending from it. The
foundations of the piers in the hypo
caust are now displayed. The walls
of the rooms are formed of stone and
lime covered with strong concrete.
with a polished surface and painted a
brick-red color. The floors are all of
A correspondent, writing from
Shanghai, says that a young Chinese
lady there has recently been married
to a red flower vase, the vase being a
substitute for the son of a wealthy
mandarin, to whom she had been en
gaged. Her fiance died just before the
contemplated marriage, and as she
vowed she would never wed another,
the flower vase was substituted for
the bridegroom, and the marriage
celebrated wiLh due pomp. These im
personal marriages are not uncom
mon in China, and it is easy to believe
that a happy pair so united would
easily dispense with other family
People about Deepwood, in Nevada.
are wondering how long the body of
louis Dorsey, which is now exposed
under glass in the cemetery, will re
tain its lifelike freshness. "Dorsey's
tomb" is now one of the sights there.
The tomb, cut from Carthage granite,
is about ten feet long, five feet wide.
and five feet high. In its center the
coffin is encased around by about 12
Inches of solid stone, which makes it
air-tight. On the top is a revolving
stone, cut in the shape of a Bible,
which in turning can be made to re
veal or conceal a glass pane. Through
the glass pane the embalmed body of
Dorsey is plainly visible. The widow,
who designed the tomb, used the in
surance money on his life to carry out
the work. Up to the present time the
body preserves the freshness e~ life.
)lsposing of ISooi Ashes.
If there is no receptacle for wood
ashes the best thing to do with them
is to broadcast them around the trees.
Ashes contain both lime and potash
with a small proportion of phosphor
ic acid, and they benefit all kinds of
trees, showing excellent effects for
several years.
To Tell the Age of Egls.
According to good authority a new
laid egg placed in brine made in the
proportion of two ounces of salt to one
pint of water, will at once sink to the
bottom. An egg one day old will sink
below the surface, but not to the bor
tom, while one three days old will
swim just immersed. If more than
three day, old the egg will float on the
-urface, the a mour t of shell exposed
increasing with age, and if two weeks
only. only a little of the shell will
dip in the liquid.
Turnips for Fall Fered
The common varieties of turnips
usually grown for feed may be seeded
any time during August or early Sep
tember. The seed can be sown on al
most any kind of ground, new land
rich and in good tilth will be most
satisfactory. The be. results are ob
tained by sowing in drills and cover
ing the seed very lightly. Sow just
before a rain if possible, or at any
rate when the ground is moist. Give
frequent cultivation and keep fields
free from weeds. If this crop can fol
low potatoes or an early seeding of
cowpeas, there will be but little diffi
culty in getting a catch. Cattle and
sheep are usually fond of turnips,
while horses and hogs will eat them
very sparingly. The matter of feed
ing turnips to dairy cows has been
discussed often and it is probably the
opinion of those best informed that
turnips tend to impart their flavor to
the milk. In this case the feeding of
turnips to the milch cows will have
to be discontinued.
A Plow-oil.
When shallow plowing, at the same
lepth is continued for a series of
years, if it is a clay soil, a solid
plowsoil will be made that is to a
greater or less degree, impenetrable
to roots. Plowing should always be
as deep as the soil will permit, and
there is a signal advantage in loosen
ing up the subsoil of clay lands with
a subsoiler. It is not wholly uncom
mon to find a farmer raising good
crops on heavy clay soil, while his
neighbor, with the same kind 'of soil,
and with similar cultivation, raises
poor crops. The difference is often the
result of the different depth of plow
ing. The successful crop grower
plows as deeply as the soil will allow;
the other man has been plowing shal
low until he has made a packed sub
soil of a portion of his fertile soil.
The latter is a method that wastes
tertility. Turn up all the good soil.
unless it is several feet in depth as
you find in some of the far western
states and even in some portions of
Minnesota.-J. W. Scott, in the Epito
Growing Apples Successfully.
Good apple trees can be grown on
almost any rich soil, but one rich in
potash is best suited for fruit grow
ing. If time were no object I would
prefer to grow my trees from the seed.
Get pomace from the cider mill, wash
out the seeds and dry them. About
cne peck of seed can be secured from
100 bushels of pomace. Prepare a plot
thoroughly and sow about 25 seeds
to the running foot, having previously
soaked them in warm water. When
the trees are two or three years old,
graft or bud with the varieties de
sired. Grafting seems to be most pop
ular, but I prefer budding. When the
trees are five years old, they are ready
to set in the orchard.
For the first few years but little
pruning is necessary, the aim being to
produce a tree that will head near the
ground. Such trees bear earliest and
are most easily picked. Give the young
trees frequent, shallow cultivation. I
like to turn hogs in the orchard. Trees
seem to thrive under these conditions
If near a good market early apples are
the most profitable. Grow those with
good flavor of fair size and fine ap
pearance. Get the trees to bearing
while young, as old trees are not prof
itable. Watch for the borer.
In my opinion it make little differ
ence whether the trees are produced
in the north or south. After the bloom
is secured the character of the blos
som determines largely the character
>f the fruit. If the blossoms are open
and the stamens prominent fertilza
tion is much more likely to occur.
Trees which produce closed" blossoms
are of little value. Pick and pack
winter apples tightly in barrels. They
seem to keep best when put up in this
way. I know an orchard which last
year paid the owner $122 per acre.
J. J. Blackweil, in American Agricul
5Fow to Yard Fowls.
Never shut up a flock of fowls in a
small inclosure, thinking you will get
any good returns from them. A dozen
fowls should have at least a yard 100
feet square. The yard or yards may
be more convenient by making them
narrow and longer, according to cir
cumstances. Use two-inch mesh poul
try netting, four feet wide, with a
board at the bottom, but none at the
top. This bottom board or boards, is
better two feet high, and thus pre
vents the males from fighting through
the wire, but any width board is bet
ter than none at all, for with it you
can better stretch the wire, and make
a better job of fencing It is not nec
essary to use a higher fence, or wire
more than four feet, but no board
must be used on top or the fowls will
fly up on the top board and get out
If a chance bird gets over this fence,
crop her wings by cutting only the
long stiff flight feathers from the last
joint of wing.
If possible when making yards en
close all the shade trees you can get
in them. If trees are not already in
them, loose no time putting them
there. A mulberry thicket of the Rus
siaa variety is the ideal tree for fowls.
as the fowls love the leaves and tha
immense crop of berries they bear,
We have a mulberry hedge through
our yards and the low branches spread
out neat the ground 10 feet o' morel
and the leaves are stripped up by the
fowls and the shade is perfection. It
is true that the poultry yard is a good
place for fruit trees and fruit, but we
can also have as many fruit trees in it
as it will accommodate, beside the
To have these yards arranged just
right we s'ould have a large enclos
ure adjoining well set down in clover,
or grass of any kind, alfalfa clover be
ing the best, or holkhara clover, which
I think is equally as good, and thus
let out each flock on this grass run
every day a while. Fowls will do
fully as well in every respect and in
deed better, when thus properly yard
ed, than if running at large. The egg
output is largely increased by yard..
ing properly.-A. H. Duff, in Farm,
Field and Fireside.
Use Lime in the Fall.
The fall season is believed to be
the bcst for using lime. Every farmer
understands that lime gives good re
sults, but the action of lime in the
soil differs according to the texture
of the soil and the amount of mineral
and organic matter contained. Lime
is considered an alkali, and therefore
keeps the soil sweet by neutralizing
acids which arise from the decay of
animal and vegetable matter in the
soil Mr. A. Peets, in England, who
has done much to attract attention to
the use of lime, states that lime, by
keeping the soil sweet, enables the
germs in the soil, both those which
convert humus into ammonia and
those which convert ammonia into ni
tric acid, to carry on the work which
cannot be done in a sour soil. The
carbonic acid being the product of the
existence of the bacteria, it is as in
jusrious to the existence of their well
being as the impurities of a vitiated
atmosphere are to the well being of
the high types of animals. Whep n'
tric acid is formed by the nitrifying
germs in- the soil it unites with the
lime to form nitrate of lime when oth
erwise it would be given off into the
air. In the same way lime serves to
preserve in the soil the soluble phos
phates by converting them into water
soluble and citrate soluble phosphates
Also the potash, by converting it int)
carbonate of potash, both of which
valuable plant foods would be lost
to a certain extent by drainage. A ju
dicious application of lime also de
stroys many insect rests, which hiber
nate in the soil. I.i:.e, in its dry state
is very friable, and serves to disinte
grate city lands in much the same way
as burnt earth, thus being of assist
ance in rendering the soil lighter. No
matter how fertile the soil may be,
one of the main advantages in using
lime is that it fits the soil for the
work of the organisms which deriv.:
nitrogen from the atmosphere, which
explains, to a certain extent, why limn
benefits clover and other leguminous
Though not regarded as entitled to
a place in the list of available fertil
izers,*yet lime is a plant food, exist
ing in nearly all soils, and is found
in the ash of nearly all plants. In
the soil it sets free and renders avail
able other plant foods, also serving to
store up fod n .teei:l in the s.)il and
prevent its loss by washing away. No
soil can be considered well manured
with economy unless there is a suffi
ciency of lime present to get a maxi
mum of efficiency out of the manure.
It is claimed that there should be at
least one-half percent of lime present
in any soil or one part in two hun
dred. To test for lime put some of
the soil in an ordinary tumbler or test
tube, pour in a little water and stir
well, and then pour in a little murl
atic acid. If it effervesces freely the
soil contains sufficient lime, but if ef
fervescence is feeble, or is not appar
ent, the soil requires lime. When lime
is applied it should be in a very fineh
condition, air slaked, and should be
distributed evenly by broadcasting
over the surface of the soil. There
are implements made for performing
such work. The tendency of lime is to
go down into the soil; hence it is not
necessary to work it in with a har
row. It should not be left in piles in
the fields, if it can be avoided, as it
may prove injurious on locations
where it is heaped. From 10 to 40
bushels of air slaked lime are used per
acre, the quantity depending upon the
soil and conditions, a larger proportion
being used when the lime is applied
at the time of plowing under a green
manurial crop.
As lime is slow in its effect on most
soils. the benefits derived from its use
may not be apparent for months, for
which reason it is broadcasted in the
fall so as to allow as much time as
possible for it to remain in the soil,.
the land being plowed in the spring.
It gives excellent results when used
with green manurial crops, being used
on the plowed ground when the crop
is turned under, but as the soil may
lose some of its soluble plant food dur
ing the winter if left uncovered, It
is the practice with some to sow rye
on the plowed ground, turning the rye
under early in the spring. Gas lime
is also sometimes used, but being sul
phide and sulphite of lime, aid being
very different from air slaked lime
it does not give the same results, and
may prove injurious if used in very
large quantities.. Gas lime does not
assist nitrification, and is not there
fore as valable as may be supposed,
though it is a powerful insecticide.
It is not necessary to apply lime every
year. Some soils require only an oc
casional application. If applied every
year the quantity should be small, not
exceeding 10 bushels per acre, and
even then it should not be used every
year on the same land except when *a
green crop is plowed under, the lime
then assisting to neutralize the acids
in the soil. Lime is not a substitute
for manures or fertilizers; in fact, if
lime is used there is all the more need
for manure or fertilizer, as the advan
tage held by lime over the fertilizer
salts is its chemical and mechanical
effect on the soil. It gives good re
sults wherever used, is cheap compared
with its real value, and should be used
by a larger number of farmers.-Phll
adelphia Record.'
The branches of the Mississipp1
have an aggregate length of 15,000
A Fasbid Uhrowlsin
The fashion for dressing the nair
low on the nape of the neck is growing
in fame and the front hair slightly
waved is parted either in the centre
or a little to one side.
t hinese Widows.
In China it is an unwritten law that
widows should not remarry, and to
encourage them in faithfulness to the
memory of their dead lords the gov.
ernment confers on widows over 60
years old a tablet eulogizing their vir
tues. If a widow should honor her
deceased husband by voluntarily fol
lowtxg him into the next world her
suicide takes place publicly and ac
companied by much pomp and cere
imony; afterward her memory is per
petuated by a tablet being erected to
proclaim her distinguished virtue.
New Hats.
Millinery grows apace in enchanting
comprehensiveness. A bewitching cha
peau, a recent apparition, is a regular
plateau of natural tinted tuscan, the
edge of the brim wreathed with dead
white roses resting on a bed of deli
cate green leaves, while across
the crown there spreads a great
wide bow of broad, black rib
bon velvet, or, in lieu of the
white roses red velvet petaled ge
raniums look especially well and carry
eminent conviction of the best style.
So far as personal observation goes
-and can one judge by fairer means?
-there is no authority for declaring
the presence of the small toque up
taised at the left side, vouched for
by one or two chroniclers of fashion.
Wide, flat-more or less-and envel
oping, the latter day toque pursues
the even tenor of its way.
Look to Your Lines.
Sometimes it is a question if puffs
*eally do make a thin girl look plump.
Without doubt a good deal of material
has that effect if adroitly managed,
but as for full, baggy puflings, form
ing bodice, sleeves and a part of the
skirt, we aren't so certain.
In one case where the material was
extremely thin and the puffings baggy
said puffings were observed to be so
blown by the breeze that they looked
as if clinging round the slimmest of
beanpoles. In that case they exagger
ated the thinness.
Fair ones often make a mistake In
going in for a too extreme effect Clev
er dispositions of lines in seams, as
well as in trimmings, with material
used liberally, will give a plump ef
fect when mere ruffles and puffs, un
less gauged by the artist eye, are
likely to vary in effect from anything
from an exaggeratedly thin girl to a
Keep the Rloy Interested.
Fathers and mothers ask me this
question every day, "What shall I do
with my boys? My girls are all
-ight." This is a sample problem and
easy to answer. Girls are naturally
timid and dependent; they grow up by
their mother's side, imitate the moth
er and receive the greatest share of
her attention. Boys are more rest
less and independent and need the
most careful guidance. They must
be kept busy and interested. Don't
expect them to sit for any length of
time; keep them busy; help them g-t
over their school work; tell them how
you remember the hard work you had
to do when you were at school, and
how probably your teacher was not
half as nice and good as theirs. Read
the newspapers to them; discuss any
interesting happening of the day, and
note disefasion, especially the news
of the world's doings, in the daily
papers. Send them to bed with the
feeling that their father amounts to
something in their young lives and is
a true tfriend and companion.-Mrs.
M. E. R. Alger, Truant Officer, in Good
Don't Onuslh.
The dictionary defines poise as "the
state or quality of being balanced:
equilibrium; equipose; hence, flgura
tively, equanimity; rest" Poise in
stills grace and symmetry into the
workings of the mind, just as physi
cal exercise does into the movements
of the body. It is rarely a natural en
dowment, but may be cultivated to
the point where it becomes second na
ture. Poise always carries with it a
suggestion of reserved force, and the
woman who wishes to acquire it must
learn to husband her energy as well
as her time; she must not fritter away
words, moments or emotions.
The woman of poise indulges in a
few exclamations or superlatives, and
does not waste enthusiasm over tri
fles. She is gracious, but never gush
ing, and she has acquired the habit
of listening attentively, not awaiting
with ill-concealed eagerness a pause
in the conversation to enable her to
rush in and take the floor.. The wom
an of poise never lingers after her
goodby is spoken; never, in fact, un
ter any circumstances.talks long while
standing. She does not experience the
diafculty too many people have of
taking leave gracefully. She says
goodby, gives you a bright smile, and
is off to the pleasure or duty that
awaits her. You do not find out all
there is to know about the woman the
first time you meet her; you become
acquainted with her by degrees, and
grow gradually into her friendship.
Ina Brevoort Roberts, in the Woman's
Home Companion.
Girls mid Their Itereets.
A trick of preserving flowers in
sand is worth trying at the seashore
and bringing a supply of sand home
for winter use. Fine, clean sand must
be used, washed if not perfectly clean,
and when dry sifted through a fine
sieve into a rather deep pan or other
vesseL When the sand is deep enough
to hold the flowers upright, more of
the sifted sand i. filled around them
with a spoon. Care should be taken
not to brea or bend the leaves and
to see that no little holes or inter
stiees are left nfilled about the flow
ers. When they are covered thus
careully, so as to be entirely ivisti.
ble, the pan is set away to dry for
several days; they must be taken out
with great care as the leaves are dry
and brittle Ferns and fiat iowerf
like pans.es are successfully treated
in this way. Flowers in cup shapes
are laid lengthwise in the sand, the
spaces in and around them carefully
filled in to make the pressure even
and exclude all air.
The cotton drapery in the fish net
weave, which comes now in a wide
variety of colors, is of great assistance
in producing an artistic effect in room
furnishing. The rough brick chimney
of a summer cottage which was the
focussing point in the big living room
ras relieved above the mantel, far ul
its height, with this drapery of the
sun tanned tint which the actual fish
net takes on. To drape a door open
ing, too, it will be found that a width
of the mesh drapery matching in col
or the other hanging quickly adds
grace and softness.
A young womans has occupied some
of her summer leisure in marking a
dozen hemstitched linen handker
chiefs intended as a Christmas gift in
a novel way. From the original sig
uature of the future owner of the ar
ticles she has traced duplicates on
the linen, copying each afterwards
with the finest of black working cot
ton such as is used to outline designs
in fine doilies. The handkerchiefs are
men's size and might be for her fa
ther or her brother, but are, in fact,
for neither.-Harper's Bazar.
Decline of the IfHousewife.
Mme. Henri Schmahl is an English
woman by birth, who, since her mar
Slage to a Frenchman, has devoted all
her time and energies to the further
ance of woman's rights generally in
France, and in particular to obtain
to the reform of the Napoleonic code
on lines long since adopted in Eng
land. One of her most notable
achievements has been to induce a
deputy to frame a French married
woman's property act, more restrict
ed in its scope, however, than the Eng
lish law.' The measure successfully
passed the chamber some time ago,
but at present lies shelved in the sen
ate. Now Mme. Schmahl attacks, not
a loftier, but, perhaps, a more vital
Figuratively speaking, she makes an
onslaught on the inner man. The
"hausfrau"' is becoming extinct. Such
is her bold statement. Still more dar
ingly she adds, "So much the better."
In her opinion the modern young
woman is losing both taste and ca
pacity for looking after the house.
Mma Schmahl is openly delighted to
I-ave ascertained, as she professes to
have done, that this is an undoubted
fact. The woman of the future may
consequently be expected to rid her
self entirely of the "hausfrau'a" in
stincts. She will no longer take the
slightest interest in supervising the
cook, being utterly unqualified to do
so, while it stands to reason that she
will have nothing whatever to do her
self with her husband's dinner except
to partake of it.
Mme. Schmahl foresees a further
and, in her opinion, a still more be
neficent consequence. When the
"hausfrau" dies out the cook will van
ish from the household and with her
the kitchen, and all its odors will be
abolished. Mme. Schmahj does not go
so far, however, as to suggest thft the
eating of dinners should be done away
with as well, and that nitrogenous
tabloids are to take the place of varied
menus. Her vision of the future
merely forecasts the day when all
food and drink will be supplied by
universal providers. Breakfast, lun
cheon, tea, dinner and supper, when
required, will be sent in to every
household from the nearest restaurant
by contract at so much per head per
annum.-London Daily Telegraph.
ee Rsthe rth A
Pretty effects are gilven to gowns
when the yoke of the skirt and the
jacket are of lace and of the same
Sleevelet is the rather appropriate
name by which the little pufed ad
dition to the lower part of the sleeve
is sometimes called.
Heavy corded ribbcn is being used
abroad with good effect for trimming
gowns and in the graduated widths,
which is applied in many ways.
A fichu which is draped around ths
shoulders below the yoke of the gown
is fastened where it meets in front
and is caught in again at the waist,
the ends flying out below.
With the many uses of silk as trim
ming the effect of foulard is being
tried upon linen gowns. The taffeta
is all right, but the foulard it not
properly managed is doubtful.
A trim little bolero is a double gar
ment, first the short regular little bo
lero with revers and fancy buttons,
and below utat a tight-fitting little
under jacket reaching to the waist
A pretty finish which is to be seen
on both low and high black shoes is
a fancy piece pointing up like a tip
at the toe and continuing around the
too in fancy points and ornamented
with mnany punches.
A pretty coat is finished with a Wat
teau plait down the back, fitting in
enugly at the waist line. Down this
plait are inset medallons of lace, and
more of the medallionk cover the
whole lower part of the coat
Braided shoes are as attractive in
white as in black. The lines of white
silk braid verging to the centre on the
toe of the shoes is becoming and ef
fectlve.< It is more useful on the
white than the black shoe, the former
having a tendency to make the foot
look large and the braiding mitigates
this result
Attractive purses and card cases
have on the leather representations of
floating clouds, done in gold, and set
into the leather. Among these clouds
carved in some delicately tinted stone.
is the full round face of the man In the
moon. These are to be found with
leathers of different colors. 8wans
designed in metal are upon other card
State Gw umcit of LaOisiIa.
Governor-W. W. Heard,
Lieutenant-Goveornor-Albert Esat
Secretary of 8tat--John Michel.
Superintendent of Education-John
V. Calioun.
Auditor--W. 8. Fraee.
Treasurer-Ledoul E. Smith.
Don Oaferey and S. D. MoEnery.
1 Distriet-!t. C. Davey.
A Distriot-Ado!ph Meyer.
8 District-R. F. Broussard.
4 Distriet-P. Brazeale.
5 Distriot-J. E. Ranadell.
* Distriot-8. M. Robinson.
OaL I.
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ballehas sebhave ade
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A oater Wano oman onusr os-w
demo, ý te sad ssatesla sdehooig an
btulding sad anred heqled
separate taeeltde. lead for estaloes.
a d lss ea aeomi ae sowle
Misssissippi Valley
Unsurpsse d : laly : Smovlc
HW 0 - H S & Vl llerne
sessaotlag at Mempis with
trains of the nlli ols O
t s Ralnreo d for
Cairo, St. Louis, Chiongo, CinL
oeinnatsi, Louisville,
making direct onaetionsa with tLkrouag
trains for all points
oolading Bafl, -Pittsburg, oleve
land, Boston, New York, Philadelphis,
Baltimore, Bishmoad, St. Paul, Min.
eapoii Omush, Esas city. not
Spsings, Ark., sad Denver. 0los*
sosetiea at hicag with Central
Mississipp i Valley
etalud usy Tra fonr
and the Weo. Ptarealrs of O ag*e
Ce ire o. M. Lo. i, Osehtago, Cine
Wari dinsa Dtl. Par. At,ro
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A. P. Omah a, a. tP. A.,
W. Ar , a nd D r . . lo..,
ooooutgVPaoeyo Robute solid
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And t he NWst ?sr ew of agnt
of Wl d MT. I,N md eAnneeto line
AocIted Pres and stafr
wo.  .0e, Dt. a M th.,
* Sublelbe through ur news.
T. ,.MSa, DEOC A . , :
W. A, lWa OL.A.?. A.. :
North and South.l
OstEy dsTI sse to
eA al pat to f Turn ise the N eate
e W~ord, ew YoJit u *
o Associad Prend S
Correspondents, ain on
T atId TelMoC ,
* ow Comdeae .a one.
N ort and ompletedh, .ad
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KanE CIt. Sem5 ous sdOl

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