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VOL. XIII. LAKE PROVDENCE. EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA, SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 15, 1900--- NO.18. ISOLATED GREATNESS. 7'he man who never makes mistakes, He is the creature who awakes The soul to scorn, the brow to frowi With wrath no charity can drown. Men sound his praise with zeal in tense And bid us heed his excellence. But none the less, when he come! 'round, Discomfort seems to reign profound. For how can he, so coldly wise, 'Extend a hand and sympathize With simple, struggling, mortal men Who rise and fall and rice again? How can his heart responsive beat To that remorseful mood complete Of those who feel they cannot be, Strive though they may, as good ae he? He knows all things in human life, Save to forgive the struggling men Who grope and stumble now and then I'd rather be a dull machine And clink and clank in a routine Of duty until something breaks Than he who never makes mistakes. -Washington Star. As Episede of Isrsles, BG FRANKLIN w, CALKINs. The new El Dorado was in sight Gordon's party of twelve tired front leramen had mounted the high divide which separates the sources of th( Running Water from those of tht Cheyenne. For five weeks the men had shovelled drifts, buffeted blizards and kept a constant vigil among the inter minable sand-hills. By means, too, of stable canvas, shovels, axes, Iron pick et-pins and a modicum of dry feedl they .had kept in good condition the splendid eight-mule team which drew their big freighter. In fact "Gordon's outfit" was a mod el one in every respect, and probably no similar body of men ever faced our snow-bound, trackless plains, better equipped for the adventure. And now the maffled marchers cheered as "Cap" Gordon halted them, and pointed to a blurred and inky upheaval upon the far rim of a limitless waste of white. The famous Black Hills, a veritable wonderland, unseen hitherto by any party of whites save the men of Cus ter's expedition, lay before them. Two more days and the gold-seekers 'fhid gain the shelter of those pine covered hills, where their merry axes would "eat chips" until shelter, com fort and safety from attack were se cured. Out of the bitter cold, after weeks of toil and danger, into warmth and safety-no wonder they were glad! As yet they had seen no sign of the hostile Sioux, but their frosty cheers, thin and piping, had hardly been borne away by the cutting wind when a mov Ing black speck appeared on the west ern horizon. The speck drew nearer, and resolved itself into a solitary horseman. Could it be that a single Sioux would ap proach a party of their strength? They watched the rider without anxiety. They were so near the goal now that no war party of sufficient strength to become a menace was likely to be .ome a menace was likely to be gath ered. They were equipped with an ar senal of modern" gns, with fifty thou sand rounds of ammunition, and had boasted they were "good to stand off three hundred Sioux." Nearer and nearer drew the horse man, his pony coming on In rabbit-like jumps to clear the drifts. Speculation ceased. It was an Indian-probably a hunter strayed far from his village, half-starved and coming to beg for food. Well, the poor wretch should have frozen bread and meat, as much as he could eat-they could not stop to give him better fare. It was as cold as Greenland. The bundled driver upon the great wagon slapped his single line, and yelled at the plodding males. Eleven buffalo coated, fur-encased men with feet clad in snow-packs marched at the tail of the freighter. In such weather their cold "shooting-irons" were left in the wagon, nor did they deem it necessary now to get them out. They were prepared for a begging Indian, but the apparition which final ly rode in upon the monotony of their long march seemed to them a figure as farcial as savage. As the Sloux horseman confronted them he lovered his blanket, uncovering his solemn, barbarian face, and stretching out one long arm, pointed them back upon their trail. "Go!" he said, and he repeated the command with fierce inlsistence. The 'big freight wagon rattled on, but the footmen halted for a moment to laugh. The Indian stretched his lean arm and shouted, "Go!" still more savage ly. It was immensely funny. Gor don's men Jeered the solitary autocrat. and laughed until their iciclled beards pulled. They bade him get into a drift and cool off; asked him if his mother knew he was out, and whether his feet were sore, and if it hurt him much to talk, and If he hadn't a brother who could chin-chin washtado? S His sole answer to their Jeering, am he rode alongside, was "Go! go! go!' repeated with savage emphasis and a flourish of his arm to the southward. The footmen were plodding a doser yards in the rear of the freight wagonm and still laughing frostily at this quee specimen of "Injun" when the savage spurred his pony forward. A few qulei leaps carried bhim up to the tolling ' eight-mUle team. His blanket dropped laround his hips, and a repeating car rose to his face. Both wheelen dropped at the list shot, killed by algits ounce slug. A rapid tfusilad& et shots was dilstributed among the strgluitsg mules, and thet thi gloui via di suhaki his gaw sad tliij dalamb Iitms -Men ran tumbling over each other to get into the wagon and at their guns. The teamster and two or three others who, despite the cold, carried revolv ers under their great-coats, jerked off their mittens and fumbled with stiff fingers for their weapons. They had not been nerved up with excitement, like the Sioux. and before they could bring their guns to bear the savage was well out upon the prairie. And when these men tried, with rifle or revolver, to shoot at the swiftly moving, erratic mark presented by the cunning Sioux and his rabbit-like pony the cutting wind numbed their fingers and filled their eyes with water, the glistening snow obscured their front sights, and they pelted a white waste furiously with bullets. The anger which raged in them as they saw that the Sioux had escaped scot free was something frightful. Six mules of the splendid eight lay welter Ing in blood; another was disabled, and only one had come off without hurt. Half the counties of northern Iowa had been scoured to get together "Gor don's pride," as this fine frieght team had been named, before the party left Sioux City. The blight of their hopeful expedi tion, the frightful peril of their situa tion, were lost sight of in their desire for revenge, which burned in the heart of every man of them as they gazed upon the stricken, stiffening heap of animals. All were for giving chase Im mediately. They believed they could easily overtake the Sioux among the drifts of the lower lands, where creeks and snow filled ravines must cause him to shift his course continually. "Boys," said Gordon, when some of them had hastily begun to strip for the chase, "boys, this is my particular af fair. You make camp and fit it for fightin'. I'll either get that Sioux, or he'll fetch his tribe back and get us." Cy Gordon was their captain. He had been a hay and wood contractor for many syears in the Sioux country, and his word was law to this little band. There was no need to argue that no man could even have guessed at the daring and disaster they had looked upon. The performance had been too appallingly simple and easy. It had come as unexpectedly as the flood of a cloudburst or the bursting of a gun. While his men stood vengefully and fiercely watching the flying Sioux Gor don stripped himself of his superlative wrappings, stocked his pockets with frozen bread and cartridges, slipped oh a pair of snowshoes kept for an emergency, tightened his belt and then launched himself in pursuit. Horse and rider were again no more than a speck upon the vast snow field. Gordon, with an "express" rifle under his arm, took the long, swinging stride of the accomplished snow-shoer. In an hour the speck upon the snow had not grown smaller. At noon, by the sun, upon a broad fiat where tall grass held the snow, Gordon came almost within bullet range of the Sioux. An hour later, among a tangle of driftwood vines, there was an exchange of shots, and the Sloux's pony dropped in Its tracks. The Indian dodged out of sight, and Gordon pushed warily on with a grin of hate under his icicles. He took up the Sioux's tracks, and noted with satisfaction that the In dian's moccasined feet punched clear through the light crust at every other step. In just a little while! But he followed for an hour or more among a seemingly interminable tangle of gullies without catching a glimpse of the wary dodger. Then he emerged into a wider valley, to find that the artful rascal had escaped out of his range and out of sight upon a wind swept stretch of river ice. Gordon ground his teeth and swept over the smooth surface, sweating, de spite the sharp cold, from fierce exer tion. At a turn of the river he saw tihe Sloux; but there were others, more than a score of them, mounted and ap proachlng the runner. The male-kill er's camp or town was close at hand. Exhausted from his long run, Gor don, in his own language, threw up the sponge. IHe hastily sought the cover of river drifts, and scooped himself a kind of rifle pit. Then, with a pile of cartridges between his knees, and slapping his hands to keep his fingers ready for action, he waited, meaning to do what execution he could before the end. There was considerable parley be tween the Sioux, and then only a sin gle Indian advanced towards the white man. This one came on afoot, within gunshot, then stopped and shook his blanket in token that he wanted to ap proach and talk. Gordon laughed. The situation ap peared to him grimly humorous. He motioned to the Indian to come on, and kept him well covered with his rifle. A moment later, however, he lowered his gun. Whatever fate awaited Gordon he knew that he stood in no danger of a treacherous stroke from the approach ig Sloux. It was the chief, Red Cloud. Gordon arose, and the chief came Award with a hand outstretched. "My young man has killed your mules," was Red Cloud's greeting in the Slonux tongue. Gordon understood. "Yes," he said, "and I will not take your hand un til you have done right." The grave old chief drew his blanket about his shoulders with a shrug. "Now listen," he said. "If one of younr soldiers had approached a party of my soldiers and had killed all their horses, and so crippled them and es caped you would have made him a big captain. It i. so. My young man Is very brave. He did as he was told. You cannot come here and take my country-not yet. I have watched your advance and complained to your sol diers at White River. When I saw they did not go out and catch ygoa as our Grat Father has said they should d, I lmt 37 sue mas to sts yo._ Ju= +J abnl gMs~r null~llurm an (3rr .A= And without another word, Red Clogd turned upon his heel and stalked away. This time Gordon was glad enough to obey the injunction to "go." Three days later his little party filed in at the military camp on White River, and when, some time afterward, their boxes of freight had been recovered, not so much as a blanket or a pound of sugar had been taken by Red Cloud's Sioux. -Youth's Companion. LUCK IN MONEY MAKING, Fortune Made by a Man Who Stumbled as a Oeod Thing sad Knew It. Four men, each of whom had made and lost several fortunes, were dis cussing in a broker's office one after noon last week the part chance played in money making, when one of them said: "How do you suppose Mr. Blank made his fortune?" The man whose name was mentioned has made millions in the past few years as the half owner of a company that manufactures a machine as well known as the typewriter. "Blank had some money to invest and this patent seemed to him a good thing and he put his money in it. No chance about that," said one of the party. "It was all chance,' said the first man, "and when I tell you the history of this company as it was told to me by the inventor of the machine you will agree with me. I know that the story is the truth. The inventor knew that his patent was all right, and that the article which it described would be sold all over the world as soon as its merits could be made known. He had Invested $17,000, all that he could raise, In this patent, and he needed $1,0u0 more to complete It. An acquaintance of his whom I may call Brown had shown some interest in the patent and in his emergencies the inventor appeal ed to him. They met in a Broadway hotel to discuss the question. The in ventor pleaded his case. He showed his plans and told exactly how he had spent $17,000 in perfecting them. "If you will give me the $1,000 now which I need I will give you a half interest in this patent," said the Inven tor, "and I am sure there is a big for tune In it for each of us. I have gone over the ground carefully and I know what I am talking about." "Brown listened to him, thought it all over, and then said: 'What you say sounds all right, but on thinking it over I have decided not to go in with you. I am sorry that I can't feel my way clear to do it.' "The inventor thought that his last hope had been killed by this refusal and he said that he did not see anything for him to do except to jump off the Bridge. Brown left him and as he was tying uphls papers a middle-aged man who had been sitting at a table near him came over and said: "'Look here, would you mind ex plaining that patent to me? I have overheard your conversation and if you can show me that you have a good thing I have a little money to gamble on it. My name is Blanlk6and when the time comes I will satisfy you of my financial standing. Are you will ing to talk it over? "The inventor unrolled his plans and began to describe them in a perfunctory way, as he had described them many times before. Blank showed his inter est by asking Intelligent questions and the inventor took heart. After two hours' talk Mr. Blank said to him: "'I am convinced that you have a good thing here, but you will need more than $1,000 to push it. If you can con vince me that you are a trust-worthy man I will advance $10,000 for a half interest in this patent.' "Mr. Blank and the inventor spent the following day investigating each other's standing, and as a result the partnership was forihed. The patent was completed and protected in every way, and an expensive salesroom, where the articles might be exhibited, was opened on Broadway. You know how the article has been pushed. It has salesrooms in every big city here and abroad, and it has the flld to it self. Mr. Blank and the inventor have each made a fortune out of it, and the end is not yet. Now, then, didn't chance have a good deal to do in shap Ing Blank's fortune? If he had gone to some other cafe, or if he had set at some othIr tablb, he would not have overheard Brown and the inventor talking. Chance alone gave him the opportunity, and Blank's little money and good business sense did the rest." -New York Sun. TIree Orad Operam Mles. For the past eight years the salary list of the Metropolitan opera com pany has Included the names of three mules. On the payroll they appear thus: "Calve, Carmen, Carmenecta mules." And they have earneu nearly $1,000. When Mme. Calve was about to make her first appearance in this coun. try In "Carmen" she insisted that great care should be taken In the selee tlon of the mules that form a conspicu ous part of the gypsy outfit. Mme. Calvesald much depended upon the character and training of the mules, and she would take no chances in the matter. Finally she decided up. on thrde animals that have ever since appeared regularly in the opera. Mme. Calve herself rehearsed the mules and christened them. They became great pets with the singers, and this sum mer Mine. Eames has invited them to pass their vacatioa at her country home.-New York World. The latest labor-irving contrivance is said to be an electric collection hox. No collectors are required, for as soon as the clergyman has tashels I btteS in t~e pupIt the beO emld ithi wlaw tem pmw w pewo ell £ Yigllu m ttle u u i mb l NOTES AND COMMENTS. Minister Wu must admit that the prejudice against the Chinese is this country has never- reached the violence of the "Boxers." The Missouri Supreme Court hbas sustained the principle of arbitrarily assessing property for street improve ments at a front-foot or square-foot foot rate. Ohio and Indiana are In litigation over the )Ohio Riter. The river Is un conbciou5 of the trouble and at last ac couats was wending its way unruf fled to the sea. One of the peculiar Institutions which the Paris Exposition has brought into existence is a school in which the attendants are instructed how to see the fair. Famines are not new In the history of India or the rest of the world. A thousand years ago families in Great Britain 'and Europe often occurred, eosting the lives of many thousands. The British poets are either out of luck or their theme is distasteful to the muses, Swinburne has tried war poetry and has apparently made as rank a failure of it as the poet lau reate. Germany proposes to establish a rig. orous system of examination of all meat food products of domestic origin, and to require similar treatment of all such products imported, from what ever country. In that she is impartial and not unreasonable. Engineers say a 100-foot-wide canal 12 to 15 feet deep, between Lake Su perior and Grand Forks, N. D., is an engineering possibility. The scheme is a grand one, and the agricultural northwest wants it carried through. Some time ago the Connecticut Leg islature, following the precedent estab lished by the Swiss Cantons in case of the edelweiss, passed a law pro tecting the trailing arbutus. This is said to be the first law ever passed in any State in the Union for such pur pose. Sir .. Crichton Browne is of the opinion that consumption in the United Kingdom will, in the ordinary course, disappear in sixty years. He believes, however, that with caution in the nursing of patients it may be got rid of in half that time. Eighteen years ago the first news paper was published in Japan. To day there are 575 newspapers, a large numbers of religious papers, 11 scien tific and 35 medical journals. This is very convincing evidence of Japanese progress. There has been a marked improve ment in the state of trade in Palestine since the opening up of the country by the Jaffa-Jerusalem Railway. The transportation of goods from the coast to the interior is now rendered very easy. It is an Ill wind that blows nobody any good. A mild case of the bubonic plague in one of the coffee centres of Brazil resulted in a rise of 60 per cent, in coffee prices inside of three months. The industry is said to be now in a better condltion than for some time, and with the very marked Increase in the use of Brazilian coffee in the United States, prices are likely to con tlnue at the same level. Professor Metchnlkoff has some fne theories about checking the Inroads of old age, but somehow the serum and other things that have been used to arrest decay of the powers have all proved futile. Oliver Wendell Holmes made a vqry careful study of the sub ject and had high hopes of living to b 100, but he died at 85, despite all his precautions. Up to the present time land In Slber la can be acquired only by farmers and settlers. During the last tw, years a large number of concessions for the purchase of land have been asked for by merchants, engineers and manufacturers, and the Russlan Mln istry is now considering the questlon of making a change in the present sys tem. Red, white and blue, though the col ors of the Union Jack, were not used generally in England as marks of pa triotlsm before the Queen's diamond jubilee three years ago. The old col ors were red and white and the inno vation Is said to be due to some deal er's importing a large stock of Frence decorations left over from the French national fetes. Englishmen are cheer ing the three colors now, however, as vigorously as though they were Amer icans or Frenchmen. A Brooklyn philanthropist proposes to ran boats, leaving the city piers at 6 p. m. and retOrning the next day at 8 a. m., which shall go out to sea thir ty or torty miles during the night, and thus give the passengers a night's rest on the cool waters, with refresh ing salt air. Dinner will be served em the boata for 50 cents. There will be no liquors sold, nor disorder permit ted. The idea is to furnih the epapr tunity to avoid the city trmol, heat and odors wilthut intrerfertng with business. It is annoneed as a solely experimental asultary and beneleent eaterprise, not ispired by a dssre t make money. It ought to seese&d. sMh M hae s m d m@ ggwnmmI a@ at.. ttere are considerably over 500 acres tinder glass devoted exclusively to flowers, which at retail aggregate a grand total of about $22,500,000, or a ( dollar for each square foot of glass. Of roses there are sold each year 100, 000,000, worth $6,000,000; as many car nations, worth $4,000,000; 75,000,000 of violets, worth $75,000. The single item of chrysanthemums alone repre sent half a million dollars a year, while the vale of the 100,000,000 plants sold in pots is set at $10,000,000. The demand for flowers is constantly Increasing, no, social function is com plete without them; never have they been so highly appreciated as at the present moment. Since 1875 the railway mileage in Europe has nearly doubled. That year it amounted to 83,680; at the close of t 1899 It had reached 167,439 miles, an I increase of 83,759. The greatest num- i, ber of miles constructed in any one r country during that period was by Russia, which has 15,142 miles to its credit. Germany comes next with 14, 666 miles. France built 12,998 miles; t Austro-Hungary, 11,721; Italy, 5181: Englan, 5,0809; Spain, 4,618; Sweden , 4,123, and Switzerland 1,285 miles. f Greece had only 7 miles of railroad in , 1875; now it has 591. One of the facts brought out by the c recent census of Cuba is that a very 0 considerable proportion of the inhabli tants live in the cities. If among cities c we include places having a population of 8,000 or more, there are 499.682 peo ple, or 32 per cent. of the whole, living in the cities. If the basis be widened so as to include places having a popu lation of 1,000 or more, we found among the inhabitants of cities a popu lation of 741,273, or 47 per cent. of the whole. Naturally enough, the popula tion is very unequally distributed, for while in Santiago 67 per cent. of the inhabitants live in the country, in Ha-ti vans, on the other hand, 77 per cent. live in the cities. The total popula tion of the island is not very large, i only 1,572,797 at the date of the tak ing of the census. This Is lees than half the population of the Greater I New York. The average number of I inhabitants per square mile is thirty six, or nearly what it is in Iowa. I - Iý The greatest game law ever known is about to go into effect in Africa, where human life has seemed always to be held rather cheap. It is a con vention of the powers for the preser vation of the wild animals within tho1r dominions. Lions, leopards, hyaenas, c baboons, all birds of prey (except vul- a tures), owls, crocodiles, and poisonous F snakes, are all given up to the destroy- c era and may be killed at sight. Allt other species, including elephants, c rhinoceroses, giraffes, deer of all kinds, e and buffalos, are to be protected by local laws, the drift of which will be to prohibit absolutely the killing of their females and their young, to de- a mand licenses from hunters, to estab- v lish in certain cases a close time, and s to define and preserve reserves with- t in which the beasts may multiply in a r security. The contracting parties agree e to promulgate the measures for carry- S t ing out the convention within a year, 8 they are to encourage the domestica- s tion of zebras, elephants and ostriabes, a and the convention is to remain in 0 force for fifteen years and so on from year to year unless any party, twelve months before the expiration of that period, "denounces" it. r SMiss Hecker's victory over Miss Un derhill and Miss Hoyt in the contest s afor the women's championship of the t Metropolitan Golf Association adds t - another name to the growing list of ex- a pert players who haqe attained to championship form, says the New 5 York Commercial Advertiser. There Sare now five: Miss Hecker, Miss Hoyt, SMiss Underhill, Mrs. Fox and Miss r Wetmore. Six years ago there were I practically none, and Miss Hoyt's ten u are of the national championship for Sthree years gave lher a "splendid Isola-[ tion" that one was apt to ascribe not only to her own cleverness in the game, but to the lack of suficlent com petltive Interest in it. But golf has Jumped into Immense popularity dur- h ing the last two years, and the supply of champions has, of course, Increased with it. It promises to be no tempor Sary nlacrease, for the game has come I to stay, Judging by the social inter ests that have grown up with it. t A Cellectle of Wall Papers. There is a vast deshmore in wall- t papers than meets the eye, says the SPall Mall Gazette. They are a record Iand comment of the various fashions t I in decorations that have succeeded I each other through the centuries. The t - diaculty is that they are so liable to Sdestruction taat a complete collection t SIs impossible. There is a certain M. Follet, however, who has given all y his time to collecting wallpapers. With f the utmost patience he has iandered down the centuries in search of old a walls. And he has got back as far as the beginning of the seventeenth cen tury. Wallpapers were then painted or engraved by hand, and were a lux- t I ury which could only be indulged in Sby the rich. But in the year of the tglorious revolution one Jean Papillon Sinvented a printing press for the pro I dction of wallpapers which brought 9 them within the reach of limited in- a comes, and the sometimes hideous, sometimes beautiful, passing whim of a Sthe moment. a Oeaser s Ue Mevabe Targets i t Is the German army movable tar Sgets are Used. The targets are drawn Sforward jy the aid of ropes and pIl h le4l nd the taibts rest on small Ia skhds. As the trucks move forwarq the infatlntry, kneeling down, fires at t tha. This gives them a pratle t SwhLs emrble. them to flttarstr Sghmhdemw Wftb the wt aw6h uI FARM AND GARDEN NOTES. ITEMS, OF INTEREST ON AGRICUL TURAl. TOPICS. Keeping Weeds Cut Down-Remedy For tlh Oat Smut-Methods of Farming E'edicatirF Wild Mustard-Some Dairy Hints-Etc., Etc. Keeping Weeds Cut Down. A writer in American gardening urges the importance of keeping weeds cut down as one measure In the war on insect pests. Many of the insects that infect field and garden crops live on the weeds that spring up in early spring until the cultivated crops come on. Of course if only one farmer in a com munity kept the weeds under subjee tion it would have small effect on the insects, but if there was a general pol Icy of weed destruction many pests would be starved out. Remedy For the Oat Smut. . Do not sow oats without treating them for the destruction of smut, If the smut has ever appeared on the farm or farms in the vicinity, and there are few places where it has not. The oat smut requires a stronger solution to kill it than wheat smut. Ine formula given for oats is one poupd of bluestone or sulphate of copper, in eight gallons of water for eight bushels of oats, while the wheat formula uses same amount of sulphate of copper in ten gallons of water for ten bushels of wheat. The gain by using this preventive for smut is an increase of crop and an improve ment In quality. Methods of Farming. There are many methods of farming, but in all countries the crops grown and the mode of cultivation depends upon the cost of labor. In Europe, where labor is cheap, owing to the em ployment of women and ehildren in the fields, plants are grown closer together and are largely worked by hand. The intensive system is used on such farms because the farms are small. In this country the horse is used wherever a crop can be cultivated with its aid, but there is something to learn from Europe in increasing the crops by the Judicious saving and use of manure. In some sections of Europe the ground is trenched and the trenches filled with manure. It requires a large amount of manure to trenth a plot, but the crops will be large, correspondingly, and the land will bear several crops from a sin gle application of manure. Only the valuable crops are so treated. It weould not pay to trench for corn, but such crops as celery, peak, cabbages, lettuce, onions, or early crops of any kind, will pay, as they can be followed by later crops. Such experiments should not be overlooked, as but a single trench is necessary for making tests with sev eral kinds of vegetables. Eradicating Wild Mustard. One of the worst weeds in many parts of the United States and Canada is the wild mustard. It is an annual and is spread entirely by seeds, and owing to the great vitality of the seeds them selves, it is a very difficult weed to eradicate.! The seeds once in the ground live for years and continue to germinate as they are brought to the surface. If they are present In small amounts, hand pulling is the best meth od of eradication. When the field I. badly infested, the ground should be harro'yd or gang-plowed soon after harvest. As soon as the seeds have sprouted, cultivate thoroughly and at repeated intervals. Rib up with a double mold board plow late in the fall. Put in a hoed crop the followilf spring and cultivatethoroughlythrough the whole of the growing season. Cul tivate and harrow after the crop is off and plow 'again with a double mold board plow. Sow the ground the next spring and seed with clover, pulling the weeds by hand out of the grain crop.. After one or two crops of hay are cut, rotate again in the same way. Some Dairy Hints. At the dairy institute at Springfeld, Professor Cooley told the members that: The food does not affect the richness of the milk. You cannot tell by the looks of milk ow rich It is. We cannot afford to run cows on half time. To get high-grade milk, brush the cows before milking, and It is advised by many that the udders be clipped. Manage to have the cows come fresh, 'so as to maintain a uniform supply throughout the year. It is claimed that summer silago will stop summer shrinkage. Overalls should be clean. Don't have them stiffened with dairy starch. Don't make a strainer do tho much work. Have a fresh one for every ten or a dozen cows. Cool the milk and keep it at a given temperature. Care, cleanliness and cold are the three c's of milk production. The German dairymen have a stall which seems nearly perfect. The plat form is just the right length for the cow, and behind it Is a deep ditch of six or eight Inches with a ledge part way down, so that the cow in slipping off does not slip clear to the bottom. The cows soon learn tg stand out of the ditch and keep perfectly clean. Cultivating Peanuts. If anyone desires to grow his own peanuts, they can do so by giving to any dry soil a thorough ihalverization and fertilizatlon with deoedmposed stable manure. Have the surface even, and plant about the time of planting beans, getting fresh unbaked nuts, which should be removed from the shell. Plant in hills from two and one half to three feet apart, with two ker neal to a hill, so as to Insure at least one plant to every hilL The surplus can be transplanted. When they come hp keep the land clean by hoeing. When they begin to run and show blossoms the vines and blosnotls ubotud be wi (fed with eartbh, tv deptg t alist ab With good cultiva lion the vines will grow rapidly and the earthing process must be continued. They will continue to grow until frost comes, and then they rhould be lifted from the ground. Leave the nuts clinging to the vines, in which condition they must be thor oughly dried. Do not let them mould. With good culture and luck a quart may be gathered from a single plant. If the farmers' boys prefer to grow their own peanuts, there is no great dificulty attending the operatlon.-The Epitomist. Intensive vs. Extensive Farming. The successful farmer of the future must farm fewer acres and grow more per acre. Rotation of crops and diver sified farming and stock raising are the best foundation for the success of the future farmer, and, as it oosts no more to rplse a well bred animal than it does to raise a scrub, better sell off the in ferior stock, and in the future raise none but the very best to consume the crops raised. Fewer animals in number and better ones to consume the grain and grass raised on fewer acres is the road to success in these days of small margins and sharp competition. The writer has observed one great mistake made by many farmers. They under take to do too much, so that they have not time to give grqwing crops proper attention at the right time. Better drop off one or two things in which there is the least profit, and put more time on other crops that pay bet ter. The successful farmer of the fu ture will find that he can do well. I have had experience enough to know that in farming many things must be done at the right time to secure a good and profitable crop. If we would have our potato patch and growing corn do their best, the ground should be stir red as soon as dry enough after every rain that falls, forming a crust on the surface. Every ton of clover hai that a man sells off his farm robs it if about $8.20 worth of fertility; every ton of timothy h~ay that he hauls away robs it of about $5.48, and every ton of wheat, $7.75. Hence it is evident to every man that if we grow clover and timothy for the market it is only a question of time when the best of farms will be come unproductive. We must prac tice more intensive farming and less extensive if we make farming pay in the future. We must plant fewer acres and raise more to the acre. Wheat at 50 cents per bushel and twelve to fif teen bushels per acre, does not pay ex penses. But itf we can so farm as to raise thirty or thirty-five bushels per acre, then there would be some profit In raising 50-cent wheat. But the American farmer cannot afford to quit growing wheat if there be little or no profit in it, from the fact that we must rotate our crops in order to keep up the fertility of the soil.--M. Trussler, In Farmers' Guide. Animal Food For Poultry. This matter is discussed lucidly with reference to farm poultry in "Reviews of Bulletin," No. 171, as follows: It is desirable to feed poultry animal mat ter in some form. This has long been taught by practical feeders; but the ex act effect of such feeding has never been shown so clearly as in experi ments recently concluded by the New York Agricultural Experiment -tation at Geneva. In these tests 1,000 chicks and 170 ducklings have been grown to marketable size, and ninety hens and forty cockrels have been fed for lengthy periods; so that the evidence presented in Bulletin No. 171 has the weight of time and numbers. It all points in one direction: Toward super iority of rations containing animal food over those made up of grains alone. In no case has the reverse of this proven rue, and in nearly all the trials the difference has been most noticeable. When the lack of mineral matter in an all-grain ration, as compared with one containing animal meal, is supplied by bone ash, the difference disappears or favors the grain ration; so far as chicks and laying hens are concerned. That is, it is the small amount of ash in the grain ration which makes this ration interior to one containing ani mal meal, rather than a difference in quality of the protein. Practically, this is of little impor tance, for, except under rare conditions lke those surrounding these experl ments, it would be easier, cheaper and better to use animal meal, meat scraps or cut bone to supplement a ration for fowls in confinement, than to burn the bohes or to buy bone ash. Something to supplement the ash-poor grains they must have and it is simpler to give It in a natural form combined with val nable protein and fats, than to burn out the organie matter ind give the ash only. With ducks, however, even the addl-, tion of the bone ash did not make the grains a perfect feed. Ducks are nat urally great lovers of small fish and frogs and snails and such forms of ani mal life found in their water excur sions. Unless they have something to take the place of this animal matter they can not do their best. In farm poultr feeding, where the birds have the range of orchard and pasture, of course they get animal food in the insects and worms and snails which they scratch for so vigorouslyi so grain may make up practically all the ration fed. The birds themselves will attend to the supply of animal feed. A klea of Masy Eggs. Thomas Hamblen killed a ut re cently that proved to be a phenome non. The hen was exceptionally fal and weighed when dressed nine and one-half pounds. In dressing her twelve fully, developed eggs with fbtl shells and twenty-three partially devel. oped eggs were dfiscovered. The small er eggs varied from the size of a mar ble to that of a walnut The eggs have been preserved and will be presented to the museum of the Washington Agr~lcltUral College at Pullman. .h h State Govrem nt of LoaisJIaa. Governor-W. W. H, ard, Lieutenant Governor-Albert Esto pinal. Secretary of State-John Michel. Snperintendent'of Education-John V. Calhoun. Auditor-W. S. Frazee. Treasurer-Ledoux E. Smith. U. S. SENATORS. Don Cafferey and S. D. McEnory. REPRESENTATIVES. 1 District-B. C. Davry., 2 Districi-Adolph Meyer. 3 District. J . F. Broussard. 4 Distri . Braseale. 5 Distric -. E. Ranadell. 6 District-S. M. Robinson. owo0 oo**OOO *** OO**OOOOO* * : ~HE NEXT TINGO TO " 9OIN6TTDAR SIs to eed all about it in S NP'THE1 "* • Times-Democrat • : Covering every item of news . " on land and sea through its * SELEIDID SPECIAL SERVICE . * as furnished the Ne.w York * * World, New York jouswal, * SAssociated Press and Staff * Correspondents, all in one. * OIy $1.00 a Month. * Subscribe through your news- : dealer, postmaster or direct to * THE TIMES-DEMOCRAT, : ". REW OLEAINS. 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Only Ifrest route Io peisb, St. Lelil C euu. is Citi and al pon. NORTH, EAST AID EST. Only direetreute in -acksoE VIctbatrg, Mw kirne And al points fa Tar ad tihe loath wepl Double Daily Trais Fast Tim. Elssess cit, St. Louls sam UetIonh ws.M rlass le toallpu~m TbE peat rsed belip r.mh the Ohe der at Cairo e leud mm r s (freight eam pe ge.r) )n .w_ - regularly eyer 4thueae Uiagth W Sagg beak~wr-r~ tr