THE BANNER=DEMOCR .T.
VOL. XIII. LAKE PROVDENCE. EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA, SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 15, 1900--- NO.18.
7'he man who never makes mistakes,
He is the creature who awakes
The soul to scorn, the brow to frowi
With wrath no charity can drown.
Men sound his praise with zeal in
And bid us heed his excellence.
But none the less, when he come!
Discomfort seems to reign profound.
For how can he, so coldly wise,
'Extend a hand and sympathize
With simple, struggling, mortal men
Who rise and fall and rice again?
How can his heart responsive beat
To that remorseful mood complete
Of those who feel they cannot be,
Strive though they may, as good ae
He knows all things in human life,
Save to forgive the struggling men
Who grope and stumble now and then
I'd rather be a dull machine
And clink and clank in a routine
Of duty until something breaks
Than he who never makes mistakes.
As Episede of Isrsles,
BG FRANKLIN w, CALKINs.
The new El Dorado was in sight
Gordon's party of twelve tired front
leramen had mounted the high divide
which separates the sources of th(
Running Water from those of tht
Cheyenne. For five weeks the men had
shovelled drifts, buffeted blizards and
kept a constant vigil among the inter
minable sand-hills. By means, too, of
stable canvas, shovels, axes, Iron pick
et-pins and a modicum of dry feedl
they .had kept in good condition the
splendid eight-mule team which drew
their big freighter.
In fact "Gordon's outfit" was a mod
el one in every respect, and probably
no similar body of men ever faced our
snow-bound, trackless plains, better
equipped for the adventure. And now
the maffled marchers cheered as "Cap"
Gordon halted them, and pointed to a
blurred and inky upheaval upon the
far rim of a limitless waste of white.
The famous Black Hills, a veritable
wonderland, unseen hitherto by any
party of whites save the men of Cus
ter's expedition, lay before them.
Two more days and the gold-seekers
'fhid gain the shelter of those pine
covered hills, where their merry axes
would "eat chips" until shelter, com
fort and safety from attack were se
cured. Out of the bitter cold, after
weeks of toil and danger, into warmth
and safety-no wonder they were glad!
As yet they had seen no sign of the
hostile Sioux, but their frosty cheers,
thin and piping, had hardly been borne
away by the cutting wind when a mov
Ing black speck appeared on the west
The speck drew nearer, and resolved
itself into a solitary horseman. Could
it be that a single Sioux would ap
proach a party of their strength? They
watched the rider without anxiety.
They were so near the goal now that
no war party of sufficient strength to
become a menace was likely to be
.ome a menace was likely to be gath
ered. They were equipped with an ar
senal of modern" gns, with fifty thou
sand rounds of ammunition, and had
boasted they were "good to stand off
three hundred Sioux."
Nearer and nearer drew the horse
man, his pony coming on In rabbit-like
jumps to clear the drifts. Speculation
ceased. It was an Indian-probably a
hunter strayed far from his village,
half-starved and coming to beg for
food. Well, the poor wretch should
have frozen bread and meat, as much
as he could eat-they could not stop to
give him better fare.
It was as cold as Greenland. The
bundled driver upon the great wagon
slapped his single line, and yelled at
the plodding males. Eleven buffalo
coated, fur-encased men with feet clad
in snow-packs marched at the tail of
the freighter. In such weather their
cold "shooting-irons" were left in the
wagon, nor did they deem it necessary
now to get them out.
They were prepared for a begging
Indian, but the apparition which final
ly rode in upon the monotony of their
long march seemed to them a figure
as farcial as savage. As the Sloux
horseman confronted them he lovered
his blanket, uncovering his solemn,
barbarian face, and stretching out one
long arm, pointed them back upon
"Go!" he said, and he repeated the
command with fierce inlsistence.
The 'big freight wagon rattled on,
but the footmen halted for a moment
The Indian stretched his lean arm
and shouted, "Go!" still more savage
ly. It was immensely funny. Gor
don's men Jeered the solitary autocrat.
and laughed until their iciclled beards
pulled. They bade him get into a drift
and cool off; asked him if his mother
knew he was out, and whether his feet
were sore, and if it hurt him much to
talk, and If he hadn't a brother who
could chin-chin washtado?
S His sole answer to their Jeering, am
he rode alongside, was "Go! go! go!'
repeated with savage emphasis and a
flourish of his arm to the southward.
The footmen were plodding a doser
yards in the rear of the freight wagonm
and still laughing frostily at this quee
specimen of "Injun" when the savage
spurred his pony forward. A few qulei
leaps carried bhim up to the tolling
' eight-mUle team. His blanket dropped
laround his hips, and a repeating car
rose to his face. Both wheelen
dropped at the list shot, killed by
algits ounce slug. A rapid tfusilad&
et shots was dilstributed among the
strgluitsg mules, and thet thi gloui
via di suhaki his gaw sad tliij
-Men ran tumbling over each other to
get into the wagon and at their guns.
The teamster and two or three others
who, despite the cold, carried revolv
ers under their great-coats, jerked off
their mittens and fumbled with stiff
fingers for their weapons. They had
not been nerved up with excitement,
like the Sioux. and before they could
bring their guns to bear the savage
was well out upon the prairie.
And when these men tried, with rifle
or revolver, to shoot at the swiftly
moving, erratic mark presented by the
cunning Sioux and his rabbit-like pony
the cutting wind numbed their fingers
and filled their eyes with water, the
glistening snow obscured their front
sights, and they pelted a white waste
furiously with bullets.
The anger which raged in them as
they saw that the Sioux had escaped
scot free was something frightful. Six
mules of the splendid eight lay welter
Ing in blood; another was disabled, and
only one had come off without hurt.
Half the counties of northern Iowa
had been scoured to get together "Gor
don's pride," as this fine frieght team
had been named, before the party left
The blight of their hopeful expedi
tion, the frightful peril of their situa
tion, were lost sight of in their desire
for revenge, which burned in the heart
of every man of them as they gazed
upon the stricken, stiffening heap of
animals. All were for giving chase Im
mediately. They believed they could
easily overtake the Sioux among the
drifts of the lower lands, where creeks
and snow filled ravines must cause
him to shift his course continually.
"Boys," said Gordon, when some of
them had hastily begun to strip for the
chase, "boys, this is my particular af
fair. You make camp and fit it for
fightin'. I'll either get that Sioux, or
he'll fetch his tribe back and get us."
Cy Gordon was their captain. He had
been a hay and wood contractor for
many syears in the Sioux country, and
his word was law to this little band.
There was no need to argue that no
man could even have guessed at the
daring and disaster they had looked
upon. The performance had been too
appallingly simple and easy. It had
come as unexpectedly as the flood of a
cloudburst or the bursting of a gun.
While his men stood vengefully and
fiercely watching the flying Sioux Gor
don stripped himself of his superlative
wrappings, stocked his pockets with
frozen bread and cartridges, slipped
oh a pair of snowshoes kept for an
emergency, tightened his belt and then
launched himself in pursuit.
Horse and rider were again no more
than a speck upon the vast snow field.
Gordon, with an "express" rifle under
his arm, took the long, swinging stride
of the accomplished snow-shoer. In an
hour the speck upon the snow had not
At noon, by the sun, upon a broad
fiat where tall grass held the snow,
Gordon came almost within bullet
range of the Sioux. An hour later,
among a tangle of driftwood vines,
there was an exchange of shots, and
the Sloux's pony dropped in Its tracks.
The Indian dodged out of sight, and
Gordon pushed warily on with a grin
of hate under his icicles.
He took up the Sioux's tracks, and
noted with satisfaction that the In
dian's moccasined feet punched clear
through the light crust at every other
step. In just a little while!
But he followed for an hour or more
among a seemingly interminable tangle
of gullies without catching a glimpse
of the wary dodger. Then he emerged
into a wider valley, to find that the
artful rascal had escaped out of his
range and out of sight upon a wind
swept stretch of river ice.
Gordon ground his teeth and swept
over the smooth surface, sweating, de
spite the sharp cold, from fierce exer
tion. At a turn of the river he saw
tihe Sloux; but there were others, more
than a score of them, mounted and ap
proachlng the runner. The male-kill
er's camp or town was close at hand.
Exhausted from his long run, Gor
don, in his own language, threw up the
sponge. IHe hastily sought the cover
of river drifts, and scooped himself a
kind of rifle pit. Then, with a pile
of cartridges between his knees, and
slapping his hands to keep his fingers
ready for action, he waited, meaning
to do what execution he could before
There was considerable parley be
tween the Sioux, and then only a sin
gle Indian advanced towards the white
man. This one came on afoot, within
gunshot, then stopped and shook his
blanket in token that he wanted to ap
proach and talk.
Gordon laughed. The situation ap
peared to him grimly humorous. He
motioned to the Indian to come on, and
kept him well covered with his rifle.
A moment later, however, he lowered
Whatever fate awaited Gordon he
knew that he stood in no danger of a
treacherous stroke from the approach
ig Sloux. It was the chief, Red Cloud.
Gordon arose, and the chief came
Award with a hand outstretched.
"My young man has killed your
mules," was Red Cloud's greeting in
the Slonux tongue.
Gordon understood. "Yes," he said,
"and I will not take your hand un til
you have done right."
The grave old chief drew his blanket
about his shoulders with a shrug.
"Now listen," he said. "If one of younr
soldiers had approached a party of
my soldiers and had killed all their
horses, and so crippled them and es
caped you would have made him a
big captain. It i. so. My young man
Is very brave. He did as he was told.
You cannot come here and take my
country-not yet. I have watched your
advance and complained to your sol
diers at White River. When I saw
they did not go out and catch ygoa as
our Grat Father has said they should
d, I lmt 37 sue mas to sts yo._
Ju= +J abnl gMs~r null~llurm an (3rr .A=
And without another word, Red Clogd
turned upon his heel and stalked away.
This time Gordon was glad enough to
obey the injunction to "go." Three
days later his little party filed in at
the military camp on White River, and
when, some time afterward, their boxes
of freight had been recovered, not so
much as a blanket or a pound of sugar
had been taken by Red Cloud's Sioux.
LUCK IN MONEY MAKING,
Fortune Made by a Man Who Stumbled as a
Oeod Thing sad Knew It.
Four men, each of whom had made
and lost several fortunes, were dis
cussing in a broker's office one after
noon last week the part chance played
in money making, when one of them
"How do you suppose Mr. Blank
made his fortune?"
The man whose name was mentioned
has made millions in the past few years
as the half owner of a company that
manufactures a machine as well known
as the typewriter.
"Blank had some money to invest and
this patent seemed to him a good thing
and he put his money in it. No chance
about that," said one of the party.
"It was all chance,' said the first
man, "and when I tell you the history
of this company as it was told to me
by the inventor of the machine you
will agree with me. I know that the
story is the truth. The inventor knew
that his patent was all right, and that
the article which it described would be
sold all over the world as soon as its
merits could be made known. He had
Invested $17,000, all that he could raise,
In this patent, and he needed $1,0u0
more to complete It. An acquaintance
of his whom I may call Brown had
shown some interest in the patent and
in his emergencies the inventor appeal
ed to him. They met in a Broadway
hotel to discuss the question. The in
ventor pleaded his case. He showed
his plans and told exactly how he had
spent $17,000 in perfecting them.
"If you will give me the $1,000 now
which I need I will give you a half
interest in this patent," said the Inven
tor, "and I am sure there is a big for
tune In it for each of us. I have gone
over the ground carefully and I know
what I am talking about."
"Brown listened to him, thought it
all over, and then said: 'What you say
sounds all right, but on thinking it over
I have decided not to go in with you.
I am sorry that I can't feel my way
clear to do it.'
"The inventor thought that his last
hope had been killed by this refusal
and he said that he did not see anything
for him to do except to jump off the
Bridge. Brown left him and as he was
tying uphls papers a middle-aged man
who had been sitting at a table near
him came over and said:
"'Look here, would you mind ex
plaining that patent to me? I have
overheard your conversation and if you
can show me that you have a good
thing I have a little money to gamble
on it. My name is Blanlk6and when
the time comes I will satisfy you of
my financial standing. Are you will
ing to talk it over?
"The inventor unrolled his plans and
began to describe them in a perfunctory
way, as he had described them many
times before. Blank showed his inter
est by asking Intelligent questions and
the inventor took heart. After two
hours' talk Mr. Blank said to him:
"'I am convinced that you have a
good thing here, but you will need more
than $1,000 to push it. If you can con
vince me that you are a trust-worthy
man I will advance $10,000 for a half
interest in this patent.'
"Mr. Blank and the inventor spent
the following day investigating each
other's standing, and as a result the
partnership was forihed. The patent
was completed and protected in every
way, and an expensive salesroom,
where the articles might be exhibited,
was opened on Broadway. You know
how the article has been pushed. It
has salesrooms in every big city here
and abroad, and it has the flld to it
self. Mr. Blank and the inventor have
each made a fortune out of it, and the
end is not yet. Now, then, didn't
chance have a good deal to do in shap
Ing Blank's fortune? If he had gone
to some other cafe, or if he had set
at some othIr tablb, he would not have
overheard Brown and the inventor
talking. Chance alone gave him the
opportunity, and Blank's little money
and good business sense did the rest."
-New York Sun.
TIree Orad Operam Mles.
For the past eight years the salary
list of the Metropolitan opera com
pany has Included the names of three
mules. On the payroll they appear
thus: "Calve, Carmen, Carmenecta
mules." And they have earneu nearly
When Mme. Calve was about to
make her first appearance in this coun.
try In "Carmen" she insisted that
great care should be taken In the selee
tlon of the mules that form a conspicu
ous part of the gypsy outfit.
Mme. Calvesald much depended upon
the character and training of the
mules, and she would take no chances
in the matter. Finally she decided up.
on thrde animals that have ever since
appeared regularly in the opera. Mme.
Calve herself rehearsed the mules and
christened them. They became great
pets with the singers, and this sum
mer Mine. Eames has invited them to
pass their vacatioa at her country
home.-New York World.
The latest labor-irving contrivance
is said to be an electric collection hox.
No collectors are required, for as soon
as the clergyman has tashels I btteS
in t~e pupIt the beO emld ithi wlaw
tem pmw w pewo ell £ Yigllu m
ttle u u i mb l
NOTES AND COMMENTS.
Minister Wu must admit that the
prejudice against the Chinese is this
country has never- reached the violence
of the "Boxers."
The Missouri Supreme Court hbas
sustained the principle of arbitrarily
assessing property for street improve
ments at a front-foot or square-foot
Ohio and Indiana are In litigation
over the )Ohio Riter. The river Is un
conbciou5 of the trouble and at last ac
couats was wending its way unruf
fled to the sea.
One of the peculiar Institutions
which the Paris Exposition has
brought into existence is a school in
which the attendants are instructed
how to see the fair.
Famines are not new In the history
of India or the rest of the world. A
thousand years ago families in Great
Britain 'and Europe often occurred,
eosting the lives of many thousands.
The British poets are either out of
luck or their theme is distasteful to
the muses, Swinburne has tried war
poetry and has apparently made as
rank a failure of it as the poet lau
Germany proposes to establish a rig.
orous system of examination of all
meat food products of domestic origin,
and to require similar treatment of all
such products imported, from what
ever country. In that she is impartial
and not unreasonable.
Engineers say a 100-foot-wide canal
12 to 15 feet deep, between Lake Su
perior and Grand Forks, N. D., is an
engineering possibility. The scheme is
a grand one, and the agricultural
northwest wants it carried through.
Some time ago the Connecticut Leg
islature, following the precedent estab
lished by the Swiss Cantons in case
of the edelweiss, passed a law pro
tecting the trailing arbutus. This is
said to be the first law ever passed in
any State in the Union for such pur
Sir .. Crichton Browne is of the
opinion that consumption in the United
Kingdom will, in the ordinary course,
disappear in sixty years. He believes,
however, that with caution in the
nursing of patients it may be got rid
of in half that time.
Eighteen years ago the first news
paper was published in Japan. To
day there are 575 newspapers, a large
numbers of religious papers, 11 scien
tific and 35 medical journals. This is
very convincing evidence of Japanese
There has been a marked improve
ment in the state of trade in Palestine
since the opening up of the country by
the Jaffa-Jerusalem Railway. The
transportation of goods from the coast
to the interior is now rendered very
It is an Ill wind that blows nobody
any good. A mild case of the bubonic
plague in one of the coffee centres of
Brazil resulted in a rise of 60 per cent,
in coffee prices inside of three months.
The industry is said to be now in a
better condltion than for some time,
and with the very marked Increase in
the use of Brazilian coffee in the
United States, prices are likely to con
tlnue at the same level.
Professor Metchnlkoff has some fne
theories about checking the Inroads of
old age, but somehow the serum and
other things that have been used to
arrest decay of the powers have all
proved futile. Oliver Wendell Holmes
made a vqry careful study of the sub
ject and had high hopes of living to b
100, but he died at 85, despite all his
Up to the present time land In Slber
la can be acquired only by farmers
and settlers. During the last tw,
years a large number of concessions
for the purchase of land have been
asked for by merchants, engineers and
manufacturers, and the Russlan Mln
istry is now considering the questlon
of making a change in the present sys
Red, white and blue, though the col
ors of the Union Jack, were not used
generally in England as marks of pa
triotlsm before the Queen's diamond
jubilee three years ago. The old col
ors were red and white and the inno
vation Is said to be due to some deal
er's importing a large stock of Frence
decorations left over from the French
national fetes. Englishmen are cheer
ing the three colors now, however, as
vigorously as though they were Amer
icans or Frenchmen.
A Brooklyn philanthropist proposes
to ran boats, leaving the city piers at
6 p. m. and retOrning the next day at
8 a. m., which shall go out to sea thir
ty or torty miles during the night, and
thus give the passengers a night's
rest on the cool waters, with refresh
ing salt air. Dinner will be served em
the boata for 50 cents. There will be
no liquors sold, nor disorder permit
ted. The idea is to furnih the epapr
tunity to avoid the city trmol, heat
and odors wilthut intrerfertng with
business. It is annoneed as a solely
experimental asultary and beneleent
eaterprise, not ispired by a dssre t
make money. It ought to seese&d.
sMh M hae s m d [email protected] ggwnmmI [email protected] at..
ttere are considerably over 500 acres
tinder glass devoted exclusively to
flowers, which at retail aggregate a
grand total of about $22,500,000, or a (
dollar for each square foot of glass.
Of roses there are sold each year 100,
000,000, worth $6,000,000; as many car
nations, worth $4,000,000; 75,000,000 of
violets, worth $75,000. The single
item of chrysanthemums alone repre
sent half a million dollars a year,
while the vale of the 100,000,000
plants sold in pots is set at $10,000,000.
The demand for flowers is constantly
Increasing, no, social function is com
plete without them; never have they
been so highly appreciated as at the
Since 1875 the railway mileage in
Europe has nearly doubled. That year
it amounted to 83,680; at the close of t
1899 It had reached 167,439 miles, an I
increase of 83,759. The greatest num- i,
ber of miles constructed in any one r
country during that period was by
Russia, which has 15,142 miles to its
credit. Germany comes next with 14,
666 miles. France built 12,998 miles; t
Austro-Hungary, 11,721; Italy, 5181:
Englan, 5,0809; Spain, 4,618; Sweden ,
4,123, and Switzerland 1,285 miles. f
Greece had only 7 miles of railroad in ,
1875; now it has 591.
One of the facts brought out by the c
recent census of Cuba is that a very 0
considerable proportion of the inhabli
tants live in the cities. If among cities c
we include places having a population
of 8,000 or more, there are 499.682 peo
ple, or 32 per cent. of the whole, living
in the cities. If the basis be widened
so as to include places having a popu
lation of 1,000 or more, we found
among the inhabitants of cities a popu
lation of 741,273, or 47 per cent. of the
whole. Naturally enough, the popula
tion is very unequally distributed, for
while in Santiago 67 per cent. of the
inhabitants live in the country, in Ha-ti
vans, on the other hand, 77 per cent.
live in the cities. The total popula
tion of the island is not very large, i
only 1,572,797 at the date of the tak
ing of the census. This Is lees than
half the population of the Greater I
New York. The average number of I
inhabitants per square mile is thirty
six, or nearly what it is in Iowa. I
The greatest game law ever known
is about to go into effect in Africa,
where human life has seemed always
to be held rather cheap. It is a con
vention of the powers for the preser
vation of the wild animals within tho1r
dominions. Lions, leopards, hyaenas, c
baboons, all birds of prey (except vul- a
tures), owls, crocodiles, and poisonous F
snakes, are all given up to the destroy- c
era and may be killed at sight. Allt
other species, including elephants, c
rhinoceroses, giraffes, deer of all kinds, e
and buffalos, are to be protected by
local laws, the drift of which will be
to prohibit absolutely the killing of
their females and their young, to de- a
mand licenses from hunters, to estab- v
lish in certain cases a close time, and s
to define and preserve reserves with- t
in which the beasts may multiply in a
r security. The contracting parties agree e
to promulgate the measures for carry- S
t ing out the convention within a year, 8
they are to encourage the domestica- s
tion of zebras, elephants and ostriabes, a
and the convention is to remain in 0
force for fifteen years and so on from
year to year unless any party, twelve
months before the expiration of that
period, "denounces" it. r
SMiss Hecker's victory over Miss Un
derhill and Miss Hoyt in the contest s
afor the women's championship of the t
Metropolitan Golf Association adds t
- another name to the growing list of ex- a
pert players who haqe attained to
championship form, says the New 5
York Commercial Advertiser. There
Sare now five: Miss Hecker, Miss Hoyt,
SMiss Underhill, Mrs. Fox and Miss r
Wetmore. Six years ago there were
I practically none, and Miss Hoyt's ten
u are of the national championship for
Sthree years gave lher a "splendid Isola-[
tion" that one was apt to ascribe not
only to her own cleverness in the
game, but to the lack of suficlent com
petltive Interest in it. But golf has
Jumped into Immense popularity dur- h
ing the last two years, and the supply
of champions has, of course, Increased
with it. It promises to be no tempor
Sary nlacrease, for the game has come
I to stay, Judging by the social inter
ests that have grown up with it. t
A Cellectle of Wall Papers.
There is a vast deshmore in wall- t
papers than meets the eye, says the
SPall Mall Gazette. They are a record
Iand comment of the various fashions t
I in decorations that have succeeded
I each other through the centuries. The t
- diaculty is that they are so liable to
Sdestruction taat a complete collection t
SIs impossible. There is a certain M.
Follet, however, who has given all y
his time to collecting wallpapers. With f
the utmost patience he has iandered
down the centuries in search of old a
walls. And he has got back as far as
the beginning of the seventeenth cen
tury. Wallpapers were then painted
or engraved by hand, and were a lux- t
I ury which could only be indulged in
Sby the rich. But in the year of the
tglorious revolution one Jean Papillon
Sinvented a printing press for the pro
I dction of wallpapers which brought 9
them within the reach of limited in- a
comes, and the sometimes hideous,
sometimes beautiful, passing whim of a
Sthe moment. a
Oeaser s Ue Mevabe Targets i
t Is the German army movable tar
Sgets are Used. The targets are drawn
Sforward jy the aid of ropes and pIl
h le4l nd the taibts rest on small
Ia skhds. As the trucks move forwarq
the infatlntry, kneeling down, fires at t
tha. This gives them a pratle t
SwhLs emrble. them to flttarstr
Sghmhdemw Wftb the wt aw6h uI
FARM AND GARDEN NOTES.
ITEMS, OF INTEREST ON AGRICUL
Keeping Weeds Cut Down-Remedy For
tlh Oat Smut-Methods of Farming
E'edicatirF Wild Mustard-Some Dairy
Keeping Weeds Cut Down.
A writer in American gardening
urges the importance of keeping weeds
cut down as one measure In the war on
insect pests. Many of the insects that
infect field and garden crops live on
the weeds that spring up in early spring
until the cultivated crops come on. Of
course if only one farmer in a com
munity kept the weeds under subjee
tion it would have small effect on the
insects, but if there was a general pol
Icy of weed destruction many pests
would be starved out.
Remedy For the Oat Smut. .
Do not sow oats without treating
them for the destruction of smut, If
the smut has ever appeared on the farm
or farms in the vicinity, and there are
few places where it has not. The oat
smut requires a stronger solution to
kill it than wheat smut. Ine formula
given for oats is one poupd of bluestone
or sulphate of copper, in eight gallons
of water for eight bushels of oats, while
the wheat formula uses same amount
of sulphate of copper in ten gallons of
water for ten bushels of wheat. The
gain by using this preventive for smut
is an increase of crop and an improve
ment In quality.
Methods of Farming.
There are many methods of farming,
but in all countries the crops grown
and the mode of cultivation depends
upon the cost of labor. In Europe,
where labor is cheap, owing to the em
ployment of women and ehildren in the
fields, plants are grown closer together
and are largely worked by hand. The
intensive system is used on such farms
because the farms are small. In this
country the horse is used wherever a
crop can be cultivated with its aid,
but there is something to learn from
Europe in increasing the crops by the
Judicious saving and use of manure.
In some sections of Europe the ground
is trenched and the trenches filled with
manure. It requires a large amount of
manure to trenth a plot, but the crops
will be large, correspondingly, and the
land will bear several crops from a sin
gle application of manure. Only the
valuable crops are so treated. It weould
not pay to trench for corn, but such
crops as celery, peak, cabbages, lettuce,
onions, or early crops of any kind, will
pay, as they can be followed by later
crops. Such experiments should not be
overlooked, as but a single trench is
necessary for making tests with sev
eral kinds of vegetables.
Eradicating Wild Mustard.
One of the worst weeds in many parts
of the United States and Canada is the
wild mustard. It is an annual and is
spread entirely by seeds, and owing to
the great vitality of the seeds them
selves, it is a very difficult weed to
eradicate.! The seeds once in the
ground live for years and continue to
germinate as they are brought to the
surface. If they are present In small
amounts, hand pulling is the best meth
od of eradication. When the field I.
badly infested, the ground should be
harro'yd or gang-plowed soon after
harvest. As soon as the seeds have
sprouted, cultivate thoroughly and at
repeated intervals. Rib up with a
double mold board plow late in the
fall. Put in a hoed crop the followilf
spring and cultivatethoroughlythrough
the whole of the growing season. Cul
tivate and harrow after the crop is off
and plow 'again with a double mold
board plow. Sow the ground the next
spring and seed with clover, pulling the
weeds by hand out of the grain crop..
After one or two crops of hay are cut,
rotate again in the same way.
Some Dairy Hints.
At the dairy institute at Springfeld,
Professor Cooley told the members
The food does not affect the richness
of the milk. You cannot tell by the
looks of milk ow rich It is.
We cannot afford to run cows on
To get high-grade milk, brush the
cows before milking, and It is advised
by many that the udders be clipped.
Manage to have the cows come fresh,
'so as to maintain a uniform supply
throughout the year.
It is claimed that summer silago will
stop summer shrinkage.
Overalls should be clean. Don't have
them stiffened with dairy starch.
Don't make a strainer do tho much
work. Have a fresh one for every
ten or a dozen cows.
Cool the milk and keep it at a given
Care, cleanliness and cold are the
three c's of milk production.
The German dairymen have a stall
which seems nearly perfect. The plat
form is just the right length for the
cow, and behind it Is a deep ditch of
six or eight Inches with a ledge part
way down, so that the cow in slipping
off does not slip clear to the bottom.
The cows soon learn tg stand out of
the ditch and keep perfectly clean.
If anyone desires to grow his own
peanuts, they can do so by giving to
any dry soil a thorough ihalverization
and fertilizatlon with deoedmposed
stable manure. Have the surface even,
and plant about the time of planting
beans, getting fresh unbaked nuts,
which should be removed from the
shell. Plant in hills from two and one
half to three feet apart, with two ker
neal to a hill, so as to Insure at least
one plant to every hilL The surplus
can be transplanted. When they come
hp keep the land clean by hoeing. When
they begin to run and show blossoms
the vines and blosnotls ubotud be wi
(fed with eartbh, tv deptg t alist ab
With good cultiva lion the vines will
grow rapidly and the earthing process
must be continued. They will continue
to grow until frost comes, and then
they rhould be lifted from the ground.
Leave the nuts clinging to the vines, in
which condition they must be thor
oughly dried. Do not let them mould.
With good culture and luck a quart
may be gathered from a single plant.
If the farmers' boys prefer to grow
their own peanuts, there is no great
dificulty attending the operatlon.-The
Intensive vs. Extensive Farming.
The successful farmer of the future
must farm fewer acres and grow more
per acre. Rotation of crops and diver
sified farming and stock raising are the
best foundation for the success of the
future farmer, and, as it oosts no more
to rplse a well bred animal than it does
to raise a scrub, better sell off the in
ferior stock, and in the future raise
none but the very best to consume the
crops raised. Fewer animals in number
and better ones to consume the grain
and grass raised on fewer acres is the
road to success in these days of small
margins and sharp competition. The
writer has observed one great mistake
made by many farmers. They under
take to do too much, so that they have
not time to give grqwing crops proper
attention at the right time.
Better drop off one or two things in
which there is the least profit, and put
more time on other crops that pay bet
ter. The successful farmer of the fu
ture will find that he can do well. I
have had experience enough to know
that in farming many things must be
done at the right time to secure a good
and profitable crop. If we would have
our potato patch and growing corn do
their best, the ground should be stir
red as soon as dry enough after every
rain that falls, forming a crust on the
surface. Every ton of clover hai that
a man sells off his farm robs it if
about $8.20 worth of fertility; every
ton of timothy h~ay that he hauls away
robs it of about $5.48, and every ton
of wheat, $7.75.
Hence it is evident to every man
that if we grow clover and timothy
for the market it is only a question of
time when the best of farms will be
come unproductive. We must prac
tice more intensive farming and less
extensive if we make farming pay in
the future. We must plant fewer acres
and raise more to the acre. Wheat at
50 cents per bushel and twelve to fif
teen bushels per acre, does not pay ex
penses. But itf we can so farm as to
raise thirty or thirty-five bushels per
acre, then there would be some profit
In raising 50-cent wheat. But the
American farmer cannot afford to quit
growing wheat if there be little or no
profit in it, from the fact that we must
rotate our crops in order to keep up
the fertility of the soil.--M. Trussler, In
Animal Food For Poultry.
This matter is discussed lucidly with
reference to farm poultry in "Reviews
of Bulletin," No. 171, as follows: It
is desirable to feed poultry animal mat
ter in some form. This has long been
taught by practical feeders; but the ex
act effect of such feeding has never
been shown so clearly as in experi
ments recently concluded by the New
York Agricultural Experiment -tation
at Geneva. In these tests 1,000 chicks
and 170 ducklings have been grown to
marketable size, and ninety hens and
forty cockrels have been fed for
lengthy periods; so that the evidence
presented in Bulletin No. 171 has the
weight of time and numbers. It all
points in one direction: Toward super
iority of rations containing animal food
over those made up of grains alone. In
no case has the reverse of this proven
rue, and in nearly all the trials the
difference has been most noticeable.
When the lack of mineral matter in
an all-grain ration, as compared with
one containing animal meal, is supplied
by bone ash, the difference disappears
or favors the grain ration; so far as
chicks and laying hens are concerned.
That is, it is the small amount of ash
in the grain ration which makes this
ration interior to one containing ani
mal meal, rather than a difference in
quality of the protein.
Practically, this is of little impor
tance, for, except under rare conditions
lke those surrounding these experl
ments, it would be easier, cheaper and
better to use animal meal, meat scraps
or cut bone to supplement a ration for
fowls in confinement, than to burn the
bohes or to buy bone ash. Something
to supplement the ash-poor grains they
must have and it is simpler to give It
in a natural form combined with val
nable protein and fats, than to burn
out the organie matter ind give the ash
With ducks, however, even the addl-,
tion of the bone ash did not make the
grains a perfect feed. Ducks are nat
urally great lovers of small fish and
frogs and snails and such forms of ani
mal life found in their water excur
sions. Unless they have something to
take the place of this animal matter
they can not do their best.
In farm poultr feeding, where the
birds have the range of orchard and
pasture, of course they get animal food
in the insects and worms and snails
which they scratch for so vigorouslyi
so grain may make up practically all
the ration fed. The birds themselves
will attend to the supply of animal
A klea of Masy Eggs.
Thomas Hamblen killed a ut re
cently that proved to be a phenome
non. The hen was exceptionally fal
and weighed when dressed nine and
one-half pounds. In dressing her
twelve fully, developed eggs with fbtl
shells and twenty-three partially devel.
oped eggs were dfiscovered. The small
er eggs varied from the size of a mar
ble to that of a walnut The eggs have
been preserved and will be presented
to the museum of the Washington
Agr~lcltUral College at Pullman.
State Govrem nt of LoaisJIaa.
Governor-W. W. H, ard,
Lieutenant Governor-Albert Esto
Secretary of State-John Michel.
Auditor-W. S. Frazee.
Treasurer-Ledoux E. Smith.
U. S. SENATORS.
Don Cafferey and S. D. McEnory.
1 District-B. C. Davry.,
2 Districi-Adolph Meyer.
3 District. J . F. Broussard.
4 Distri . Braseale.
5 Distric -. E. Ranadell.
6 District-S. M. Robinson.
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