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ST. LANDRY CLARIONI
OPELOUBAS, La. Published every Saturday by "The St. Landry Printing anud Publishing Company, (Ltd.)" The History of Gambling. It has often been maintained that gambling is an acquired or cultivated taste or habit, ant not the result of a natural vicious inclination inhe-ent in human nature. The facts do not bear out this theory, however, as history clearly proves that gambling has been a prevalent paelion with all nations and classes in all ages, and that in spite of the most rigorous repressive laws, it has survived with un diminished vigor. In old Greece, gambl idg was a recognized evil, and laws were enacted for its repression. Among the Goths and Vandals, dice play was carried on to such an extent that these barbourous people would not only risk their whole fortune, but their personal liberty as well, on a single throw. The gambling of the Saxons, Danes and Normans are matters of English history, and when cards came into fashion, which was in the reign of Henry VII., it soon became necessary in the eyes of the authorities of the time to prohibit their use. There was an excep tion made in favor of the Christmas holi days, during which even apprentices were allowed to play with cards provided they did so in their masters' houses. The laws promulgated against gambling during the reign of Henry VIII. were framed, not so much against gambling itself, as to prevent such pastimes from tempting the EngRlsh youth to neglect manly sports. But gaming-houses were forbidden by this monarch. James I. was not against them, and left on record under his own hand: "When it is foule and storme weather there may be play at the cards or tables." In Charles IL.'s reign the vice appeared to such an extent that more repressive measures than ever were taken against it, and gaming was forbidden in all forms. Qae-n Anne, too, carried on the crusade, creating quite a revolution in the fashions of the time by her enactments declaring gambling debts void, and making playing for money unlawful in itself. The record is much the same in subsequent reigns. George II., George III., and George IV., all in various degrees, extended the penal statutes.-khs Young Man. ,, The Students and Their Professor. A college vrofessor's standing frequently depends as much on his ability to deal with human nature as with the intricate problems of the text-books. A certain professor in a Maine college has always been dreaded more by the in-coming fresn man class than any other man in the fac ulty. Jokes have, however, frequently been tried on him, but somehow the joker has invariably come off second best. With the expectation of getting an "ad journ" from his recitation the next day, some scamp broke into this vrofessor's class-room one night and painted every seat in the room with fresh paint. When the assembled the next day, the professor said very calmly, "You can sit down gentlemen, or stand up, just as you please. Mr. A., will you please' demonstrate-," etc. The class stood for the full hour : its members finding relief by standing first upon one leg, and then on the other. On another occasion, when the mercury had dropped below zero, another attempt was made to get an "adjourn." The stove and every window was removed from the recitation room, but the professor was found there at the usual time, seated com fortably in his chair. with overcoat, winter cap and woolen gloves on, and, without apparent discomfort to himself, conducted a recitation of an hour's length, with heaven's breezes wandering uninterrupt edly through the room. Jenny Lind and Grisi. We have recently read a beautiful inci dent. Jenny Lind and Grisi were rivals for popular favor in London. Both were invited to sing the same night at a court concert before the queen. Jenny Lind being the younger sang first, and was so disturbed by the fierce, scornful look of Grisi that she was at the point of failure, when suddenly an inspiration came to her. The accompanist was striking his final chords. She asked him to rise, and took the vacant seat. Her fingers wandered over the keys in a loving prelude, and then she sang a little prayer which she had loved as a child. She hadn't sung it for years. As she sang she was no longer in the presence of royalty, but singing to loving trienis in her fatherland. Softly at first the plaintive notes floated on the air, swelling louder and richer every moment. The singer seemed to throw her whole soul into that weird, thrilling, plaintive "prayer." Gradually the sone died away and ended in a sob. There was silence-the silence of admiring wonder. The audience sat spellbound. Jenny Lind lifted her sweet eves to look into the scornful face that had so discon certed her. There was no fierce expree sion now; instead, a teardrop glistened on the long black lashes. After a moment, with the impulsiveness of a child of the tropicse Grisi crossed to Jenny Lind's side, placed her arm about her and kissed her, utterly regardless of the audience. It Is Bishop Vincent who says: "If I were a boy I should play and romp, sing and shout, climb trees, explore caves, swim rivers, and be able to do all the manly thiqgs that belong to the man y sports; love and study nature; travel as widely and observe as wisely as I could; study hard (with a will), when the time came for study; read the best literature works of imagination, history, science and art-according to my taste and need ; get a good knowledge of English; try to speak accourately and the pronounce distinctly; go to college, and go through college, even if I expected to be a clerk, a farmer or a mechanie ; spend my Sundays reverently ; try to be practical, every-day Christian; help on every good cause; never make sport of sacred things; be 'about my Father's business;' 'use the world and not abuse it;' treat old men as fathers, 'the younger men as brethren, the elder women as mothers, the younger as sisters, in all purity;' and thus I should try to be a Christian gentleman, wholesome, sensible, cheerful, independent, courteous." Read that last paragraph over again, and read it slowly. Think of what it means as you read it. You are a boy, perhaps. Why not do some of those things that the bishop suggestst He can't do all of them, because he is no longer a boy. You have the op portunity. Make the best of it. An Elephant m a Storm at Sea. "The steamship Delcomyn brought here yesterday from Hamburg an elephant, several families of monkeys, an antelope and twelve snakes for Central Park. They got a good shaking up on the voyage, which tried the strength of the ship to her limit. A big wave came aboard, deranged the steering gear, carried away everything moveable on deck, and broke two life boats. The elephant is a seven-footer, qgllally from Ceylon, and weighs two ean onehaif tons. He was confined in a big box on the main deck, and trumpeted thunderously when the storm was at its ~heght. The 'ailors were more alarmed by his noise .than by the sea. When the wave that smashed things boarded the ship, the elephant tried to get out of his box, but his keeper quieted him.-N.o York 8w. A ittle boy who lai tuse punished for an exhibition of ugliness was seat to bed with lnstructions to pray that he might be a better boy in future and that his temper might be reformed.. His mother stole to the door of blaroom to make sure that her oommands were carried out, and this is the payer she heard: "O, Lord, please ta awayy my bad tempbr, and while you are about it might .4us l take 1to h]'&"---B,.t.. . The United States Supreme Court on the Rights of Liquor Sellers. One of the most important decisions ever rendered by the Supreme Court of the United States is that rendered on the 10th inst., when the case under consideration was an appeal from the Chief of Police of San Francisco vs. one Henry Christensen, a liquor seller, who had obtained a j udg ment in his favor in the lower courts. Justice Field delivered the opinion of the Supreme Court, which now becomes the law of the whole country, and lays down certain great principles which make the selling of intoxicating liquors peculiar. This decision will enter into the future thinking of the American people, and will do more than any one thing in a long time to put the business where it belongs. The court decided that the Board of Police Commissioners of San Francisco had arbitrary power to grant or refuse liquor licenses, and reversed the order of the Circuit Court for the Northern Dis trict of California discharging the prisoner (Christensen, who was charged with sell ing liquor without licensee), and remanded the cause with directions to take further proceedings in conformity with the opinion. Justice Field, in his opinion, discusses at length the relations between the liquor business and the laws of the country. He says: "It is undoubtedly true that it is the right of every citizen to pursue any lawful business, subject only to such re strictions as are imposed on all persons of the same age, sex or condition. But the possession 'and enjoyment of this right, and, indeed, of all rights, are subject to such restrictions as may be deemed by the governing authority of the country essen tial to the safety, health, peace, good order and morals of the community. Even liberty itself is not unrestricted license to act according to one's own will. It is only freedom from restraint under conditions essential to the equal enjoyment of the same right by others. It is, then, liberty regulated by law. The regulations gov erning all the various pursuits of life are almost infinite, varying with the nature of the business, some regulations being de signed to lessen noise, others to protect health, others to remove odors, and so on. It would hardly be necessary to mention this, were it not for the position often taken a(sprotested that there is some thing wrong in principle and objectionable in similar restrictions when applied to the business of selling by retail intoxicating liquors. It is urged that as the liquors are used as a beverage, and the injury fol lowing them, if taken in excess, is volun tarily inflicted and is confined to the party offending, their sale should be without re strictions, the contention being that what a man should drink, equally with what he shall eat, is not properly matter for legis lation." Continuing, the opinion says: "There is in this position an assumption of the fact which does not exist, that when the liquors are taken in excess the injuries are confined to the party offending. The in jury, it is true, first falls upon him in his health, which the habit undermines; his morals, which it weakens, and in self abasement, which it creates. But it leads to neglect of business and waste of prop erty and general demoralization; it affects those who are immediately connected and dependent upon him. By the general con currence of opinion of every civilized and Christian community, there are few sources of crime and misery to society equal to the dram-shop where intoxicating liquors, in small quantities to be drank at the time, are sold indiscriminately to all parties ap plying. "The statutes of every rlate show a greater amount of crime attributable to this than to any other source. The sale of such liquors in this way has heretofore, at all times, been considered the proper,sub ject of legislative restriction. For that matter, their sale by the glass may be ab solutely prohibited. It is a question of public expediency, and not of federal law. There is no inherent right of accession to sell intoxicating liquors by retail; it is not a privilege of a State or of a citizen of the United States. The Prohibition or regu lation of the traffic may be vested in offi cers to decide to whom to grant and to whom to reftse liquor licenses. The offi cers may not always exercise the power conferred upon them with wisdom or justice to the parties affected, but that is a matter which does not affect the authority of the State, or one which can be brought under to cognizance of the courts of the United States. "The court holds that the ordinance under which the prisoner was arrested did not violate any provision of the federal constitution or laws, and says that as to 'the State constitution and laws, it is bound by the decision of the State Su preme Court that the ordinance does not violate them."-The Journal and Mea eserer. A Dog Hires a Cab. Some one writing to an English paper tells this story of a clever dog: '*You know how much I rush about in hansom cabs," said the narrator, "and Scoti, my collie dog, always goes with me. We travel many miles in a week together in this way, but on one occasion I was walk ing and missed him. Search was in vain. The crowd was great; treffic drowned my whistle, and after waiting awhile and loooking elsewhere, I returned to my su burban home wihout my companion, sor rowful, yet hoping that he might find his way back. In about two hours after my arrival a hansom cab drove up to the door and out jumped Scoti. The cabman rang for his fare, and thinking be had somehow captured the runaway, I inquired how and where he had found him. "'Oh, sir,' said the cabby, 'I didn't hail him at all; he hailed me. I was standing close by St. James Church look ing out for a fare, when in jumps the dog. Like his impudence, says I. So I shouts through the window, but he wouldn't stir. So I gets down and tries to pull him out, and shows him my whip, but he sits still and barks, as much as to say, Go on, old man. As I seizes him by the collar I read his name and address. All right my fine gentleman, says I, I'll drive you where you're wanted, I dare say. So I shuts the door and my gentle man seats himself with his head just a looking out, and drives on till I stops at this gate, when out jumps my passenger, clearing the door, and walks in as calm as though he'd been a regular fare."' &lected. A Kentucky Editor on Gambling. Henry Watterson, the editor of the Louisville Courier Journal, contributed a short article on the vice of gambling to a recent issue of his paper. "The reputation for gambling long survives the abandon ment of the habit of gambling," says Mr. Watterson. "It is not -generally known, though it is a lact, that the msiet famous of non-professional gamblers of history, Charles James Fax, did not play for money alter his forty-third year, devoting the most of his life to the most useful, emi nent and brilliant public service, but nevi r eradicating his early reputation. Indeed, it can be set down as a rule, that nothing does its work so quickly and so surely as high play. He wio persists in it, no mat ter how deep his pocket, will soon find the bottom of it; for the essential principle of gambling is that it shall reach at last the measure of the player's capacity to lose. In most cases it exceeds this, and in all, where it is continued, it outlasts the ca pacity to pay, involving debt and ruin. The money lost and won at cards is dis sipated in one way and another They who win don't keep it, and, of. course, they who lose it can't. God never in tended that a money profit should be made out of any harmless pastime, which card playing often is, and would always be, but for gambling. The innocent recre ation of the aged and infirm; it takes on a' blight and curse writh the introduction of thatsthe love of which, as Paul observed to Timothy, is the root of all evil." AUTUMN. NOVEMBEZ DAs". The year is waning quickly. The swallows South have fled, Down fall the dead leaves thiokly. All crimson, yellow, red; The children won'd so gladly Call summer back once more They sigh and murmur sadly. "Our pleasant time is o'er." Yet try, dears, to remember Heart sunehine ever stays, Then will e'en dull November Seem full of joyous days. A Real Romance. Golden and ruddy were the leaves as the October sun crept towards his bur nished couch in the west, leaving long shadows across the beach of a secluded nook on Lake Michigan. Far to the south rose the pall of smoke from the busy factories of a great city, and at the east stretched the restless, heaving blue of the lake. The balmy air and the mellow haze, which seemed to touch all with the magic wand of beauty, lured me to stroll beside the water. Athwart the horizon the smoke of an outbound steamer made a zig-zag patch against the blue sky, and just peeping above the water to the North were the sails of several vessels. The evening was romantic enough to suit the fancy of the veriest dreamer. The murmer of the waves as they kissed the white sand mingled musically with the rustle of the leaves of the trees, whose shadows stealthily grew longer and far ther toward the water, and the distant hum of traffic was hardly perceptable. A little point of land, rocky and pictur esque, jutted into the lake, and a cozy seat invited occupancy. Comfortably posed, I began weaving fancy with fancy, to which a fertile imagination lent a thousand ca prices, when footsteps startled me. My first impulse was to quit the spot, as the newcomer was a man, but noticing he was gentlemanly in appearance and his mien was refined, I concluded to risk an intra sion. He came slowly towards me his head bent forward and eye on the ground as if in deep reflection. Presently he stopped and looked long and steadily out oaithe dark ening lake. Involuntarily I glanced in the direction of his gaze, and noticed- the young moon's crescent was just glinting at the horizon. Then he approached the spot where 1 was all but concealed by a small bush. His attention was engrossed by the pretty moon-rise, and he came withn a few feet without noticing my presence. This proximity was becoming decidedly uncomfortable, and while just about to rise and go away a deep sigh es caped him. Being so near, I had oppor tunity to scan his face. His features were rather small and finely cut for a man, yet they were not effeminate. A short full beard of golden brown added strength and character to a white, round forehead, and a pair of blue eyes, melancholy and sad, gave a sorrowful expression to his face. tie was not over thirty-three or thirty four years old, but his brown hair was whitening at his temples, and in his beard I could see silver strands. His hands were very small, and his feet were slenderly made. My observations were taken in a mo. ment's time, and gathering my wrap I pre pared to gain my feet, when from the lips of this stranger fell the words. "Adah I Adah I Oh, my darling, my darling, why is it that we are parted ?" As lie spoke he stretched out his arms as thongh in appeal or to clasp the form of his loved one. His face wore an ex pression of unutterable sorrow. I was startled into absolute silence. Delicacy forbade me to keep my presence unknown to him, and I arose, making sufficient noise to attract his attention. He turned toward me instantly. A curious expression flitted across his face. It was surprise, alarm, and confusion, yet withal it contained a dash of pain. He raised his hat with the habitual grace of a gentleman, and re marked in the tones of unmistakable good breeding: "Pardon me; I was unaware that I had trespassed upon the privacy of a stran ger." "I should have made known my presence, sir. The error, if any, is on my part," I replied, moving forward to pass him. "I beg of you do not go," he said hast ily. "1 will not allow you to leave this place because of my coming-because of my stupid absent mindedness. Pray re sume your seat, and I will continue my walk." He turned abruptly and walked rapidly along the beach. The field being clear I paused, and seeing the moon-rise would be exceptionally attractive, 1 returned to my seat. With curious eyes and with many a surmise, I watched the stranger pick his way along the sands. Who was he? Who was she he loved ! These and a score of questions flitted across my mind, when he suddenlys turned and quickly re traced his steps. Surely, I thought, he cannot intend coming here again? I turned my attention to the silvery bow of the moon, which had just cleared the dancing waves far away, as he approached. There was no mistake, he was bending his steps toward my seat. "Again I ask pardon, but I fear you will not be lenient, for this time I have intentionally made my way to your side. I have come to ask the favor of a few mo ments of your time. I would ask permis sion to speak of a matter in brief, to seek tie relief which comes from confiding one's inner self. -A strange request, but I am acting on a sudden resolve, and-and perhaps an impudent one." His voice was low and musical, and his manner so defferential that all doubts of a disagreeable nature fled. My curiosity was aroused. The unconscious exclama tion I had heard lent an air of romantic mystery to him, and like a true daughter of Eve I allowed a vague desire to know his secret influence my course. I assented to his request. "I will be brief, for friends will soon pass near, and I must join them," he said; "and what I will say I bid you forget when I have left you." "Perhaps it is ill advised to make a con fident of a mere stranger-one you know nothing of and met so strangely," I queried. "I am not mistaken in my estimate of your character, and should chance bring us in contact in the future I know you will not repeat what I may say." "You may rely on me that ifar, sir." "The exclamation which I unwittingly uttered within your hearing is linked with the secret I would confide to you. It was the outburst of a heart that is burdened with a never dying disappointment-a life long regret. It was years ago-some seven years this month-that I looked into the eyes of a young girl and learned to love her. Her heart was as pure as an angel's, and physical and mntellectua! charms rendered her the pserees of any of her sex. Love's young dream was a gold en reality to me when I learned her heart echoed the love which filled my life, and I vowed to cling to her with unswerving fidelity until my heart should 'ease to best. I had yet my fortune to make, and was then preparing fnr a professional career. The sweet days of that halcyon October were filled with all the rosy-hued dreams which come with love to a nature whose makeup was Southern in its intens ity and passion. I lived an exultantly gloxious life. Finely wrought physically, inheriting an emotional nature of volup tnous depths, and through habit and caul tivation a man of sybaritsih fancy, my love ascended to heights of exquisite eetancy unknown to those of coarser mould. "Antony, who foreewore wife, hoaor, and country for the aoeemes of brown armed Cleopatra, never experienced the altitudes of feeling which carried me away into the clouds of sweet passion's elysium when I held my loved one in my arms and pressed my lips to hers. The months fled like an oriental dream. I swear I was constant and true, and when man is faith ful there is no fidility like his. Despite the allurements of more than one fair one, I clung to my shrine with as steadfast a faith as ever devotee gave to his ideal, and in all purity my love was returned. I was supremely happy and contented. "My yellow-haired darling was beauty incarnate to me, and for her slow smiles, to gain a loving glance of approval, to hear the delicious music of her laughter, and to be near her was all I craved for happiness. I loved her utterly-and, oh, God, I love her yet I" These words poured from his lips like a torrent. His voice was broken and tremun lous as he spoke the last sentence. He was about to begin again, when the voices of an approaching party fell on my ears. They attracted his attention. "Ab, I must leave you," he said hurrid ly. "I was all but finished. Even this much has been a relief to tell some one; you will never see me again. My friends are looking for me-farewelr I" He lifted his hat and turned away. The party who approached consisted of several ladies and gentle nen. One of the former ran forward to meet my strange acquaint ance. I bent further back and into com plete concealment. When the group passed by I could see the lady who had met him. She said: "Dear, you are naughty to have left us so long." "I am sorry to have incurred your dis pleasure, but I forgot-" The rest of his reply was inaudible. She was his wife.-Geneemees Lee, Mem phls, Tennessee. A Bear on the Cowcatcher. IT RIDES TEN MILES CLINGING TO A LOCO MOTIVE PILOT AND ESCAPES ONLY TO BE SHOT. OLCUT RUN, Pa., Nov. 14.-On Wed nesday afternoon, as the Warred accom modation train on *he Eldred and South east Branch Railroad was passing through Wilder's Cut, a deep and narrow passage through the rocks ten miles east of this station, Engineer Dan Elwood was sur prised to see a bear come into the cut at the west end, only twenty yards away. The bear appeared suddenly around the edge of the rocks, and stopped on the trick facing the engine. It seemed paral yzed at the sight of the locomotive rush ing toward it, and stood motionless until the engine -was almost upon it, when it arose on its hind feet. The train was running about fifteen miles an hour through the cut, and instantly on seeing the bear on the track the engineer shut down steam. The distance between the train and the bear was too short for the speed of the train to be reduced much, and the pilot ploughed under the bear, the sharp point passing between the animal's wide-spread legs. This quickly threw the hind part of the body ahead, and the ani mal fell with his fore paws and upper Dart of his body forward on the cowcatcher. Engineer Elwood put on steam again and his fireman climed out of the cab win dow and ran along the gnard r to the front of the engine and peeked u and to see what had become of the bear Bruin was lying on his stomach against the cow catcher, his head nearly touching the headlight. Both hind feet were safely planted between the lower bars of the pilot, one on each side of the tip, and his fore legs were tightly hugging the bars at the top. The collision had evidently not done any injury to the bear. It was p.lin that he did not intend to take any chances by voluntarily getting off the cowcatcher while the train was in motion, and he was guarding himself well against being thrown off; so the engineer concluded that he would run Bruin into Olcot and trust to luck for the subsequent proceedings. Station Agent Dick Jacobs stood in the depot ;door at this place when the train came pulling in, and the sight pf a bear on the cowcatcher had such an effect on him that he stood as though rooted to the spot, gazing with open mouth and eyes at the extraordinary spectacle. As soon as the train stopped the bear saw that its op portunity to escape safely from its peril ous position had come, and it dropped off th cop~atcher and made a break for lib e t. Tqhis brought him toward the spot where the station agent was standing mute and motionless with amazement. As the bear left the engine Dan Elwood be gan to shout for somebody to get a gun. The advance of the bear aroused Jacobs to the situation, and he rushed into the de pot, slammed the door shut, dashed out of the rear door, and tore up Dorr street, shouting, "Bear I bear I bear I" at the top of his lungs. In the meantime the bear, with Dan El wood and his fireman at his heels, ran across the street, jumped on one end of the long piazza of Long's Hotel, ran the entire length of thq piazza, turned into Cady street, and hurried away in the direction of Cady creek, which runs along the east ern edge of the village. A crowd quickly gathered and followed the bear, yelling and pelting the poor animal with stones. The bear had gone but a short distance down Cady street when John Cameron's big shepherd dog bounded out of the yard and boldly pitched into Brain. There was a loud and lively fight for a minute, which resulted in the death of the dog. The bear then hurried on toward the creek, but at the corner of Cady and Water streets Lawyer Giles Beers met him with a double-barrelled rifle. The bear turned on being confronted by Beersand the gun, and ran down the narrow alley leading to Gully's livery stable. The alley ends at the stable and the bear found his further flight suddenly cut off Beers fol lowed the bear down the alley, and the yelling crowd followed Beers. Bruin, finding that he was brought to bay, bacged himself against the barn, raised on his haunches, and awaited his foes. Beers sent two bullets into the animal's breast. The bear dropped to his feet and charged on Beers and the crowd, blood pouring from his wounds in streams. The crowd scurried back through the alley, and in the rush John Carmody, 12 years old, was thrown down and trampled on, one of his legs being broken. Beers managed to slip another cartridge in his gun before the bear reached him, and sent it clean through the animal's head, killing the bear in its tracks. The beat weighed 800 pounds. - It was not until the bear had been killed that Engineer Dan Elwood and his fire man remembered that a train load of pas sengers were at thedepot waiting for them to carry them the rest of their journey. The two railroad men were in at the death of the bear they had brought in on their cowcatches, but as the train was held nearly twenty minutes at the station while the chase was going ni, the chances are that the bear hunt will be a dear one to the engineer and fireman. 4 redwood tree, ninety feet in circum ference and thify-three feet in diameter, is being cut for the Chicago exhibition. The section to be sent to Chicago will be nine feet in height and sixty fret in cir cumference, and will weigh sixty-fie thousand pounds. The tree is taken from the forest of Tulare county, California. An Unexpected Answer.-"What is the the difference between the north pole and the south pole t' asked (azley by way of a conundrum. "All the difference in the "world," replied Sumway, promptly. New York u8wn. Delays are dangerous. Don't rwat for your child to have an epileptic ft. Kill at once the worms that are making her feel so poorly by giving Dr. Ball's "Worm DMtroyers. The Annual Cotton Crop in the United States. The yield a m in the United States rose, in round numbers, _uginally, but rapidly, from 48,000,000 pounds in 1801 to 80,000,000 in 1811, and from 170,000,000 pounds in 1821 to 1,684,000 bales-of which 936,000 were exported to Great Brittain--in the season of 1841-2; thence to 4,861,000 bales in 1859-60, of which Great Brittain received 2,669,000. No ac curate record of cotton movements was kept during the civil war. Liverpool re ported the receipt of 72 000 bales from the United States in 1862, 182 000 in 1852, 198,000 in 1864, 462,000 in 1865, 1,1683,000 in 1866, and the maximum of 2,886,000 bales in the season of 1882-3- In the season or 1865 6 the crop was 2,278,000 bales, of which 1,262.000 went to Great Brittain : in that of 1889-90, according to Shepperson's Cotton Facts, the crop in round numbers was 7,262,000 bales, with average net weight of 450 pounds per bale, or 3,267,900.000 pounds. The Sta tistical Abstract of the United States for the fiscal year ending Jane 30, 1889, re turns the yield at 6,935,082 bales, avelag ing 465 pounds per bale, or 8,437,408,499 pounds, with farm value of $292,189,209, of which 1,456,407,554 pounds went to England, 13,992,515 pounds to Scotland, 41 259 bales were sent to Mexico; and 1.884,841 to the continent of Eurose; 1,060.376,910 pounds, or 30 78 per cent of the entire yield, were letained for, home manufacture and consumption;. 7,973,039 pounds of cotton were imported, princi pally from Egypt via England, to be man ufactured into thread, laces, and other fabrics requiring long staple,,by Clark & Co., Auchincloss & Co., and other firms. A small quantity or cotton, mainly in tran situ arrived from the West Indies. Cot ton, although no longer imperial, is still one of the most regal elements in the foreign commerce of the country. While the crop of 1889 was the largest on record, the indications are ihat it will be exceeded by that of 1890.-Harper's Weekly.. Towed by a 'Gator. A THRILLING AND DANGEROUS RIDE ON THE TAIL OP A SAURIAN. David Yarborough owns an orange grove and an alligator farm on the St. John's river in Florida, where he spends his winter. When I arborough bought this place, five years ago, says the St Louis Globe-Democrat, he issued orders to his tenants that no one should be al lowed to shoot alligators on the river at that point. He wanted them to grow and multiply until there were enough of them to furnish exciting sport. Not an alliga tor was killed on the place until last winter, when Yarborough took a party " friends down to the farm for a month's fishing and hunting. All along the river which bounded one side of the farm alli gators were found in abundance, and shooting them was the favorite sport of the party. One day Yarborough and his friends were out on the siver in a small boat to try their luck fishing. They were very successful, and about sundown started home. As they approached the boat land ing a huge 'gator was seen lying on the bank. Three shots were fired at him; but none of them reached a vital spot, and the alligator made a dash for the water, going straight toward the boat The boat was within 10 feet of the bank and the water was shallow. The big saurian, in his mad dash for deep water, ran under the boat and over turned it. All the occupants were thrown out on the side next the bank, and scrambled ashore except Yarborough. He fell the other way ond struck the water right by the side of the alligator's tail. Involuntarily he grasped the tail of the saurian, and before he fully realized what he was holding to was drawn out into deep water. The 'gator did not go to the bottom, but seemed to be making for the opposite bank of the river. Feeling something on his tail he began to lash the water into foam, throwing Yarborough around like he had been a piece of cork. Realizing that he was now in deep water and being a poor swimmer, Yarborough held bn for dear life and shouted to his companions on the bank to come to his rescue. He was thrown astride the alligator's tail,, and leaning forward clutched it with both arms like a drowning man would grasp at a life preserver. The alligator increased his exertions to rid himself of the heavy incumbrance, and about the middle of the river Yarborough was thrown off, and at the same time received a heavy blow on the head which almost knocked him senses less. His friends on the bank had righted the boat as quickly as possible, and were pull Ing to his rescue with all their might. He managed to keep afloat until they reached him, when he was dragged into the boat more frightened than hurt. -Next day Yarborough instructed his tenants to al low any one to shoot alligators who wanted to. He had had all the fun with them he wanted. Intelligence of a Mouse. The trap was placed in a kitchen cup board, where it could be seen when the door was open, as it happened to be when this incident was witnessed. A tiny young mouse was seen in the trap, doing all it could to get away ; but every at tempt failed. I was just about to take pity on the youngster, and let it escape, when lol an older one, evidently the parent, appeared on the scene. She ap peared to examine the trap all over, and seemed to try to coax her offspring after her, but to no purpose. At last she left, giving up her little one, as I thought, for lost; but no, she soon returned from among the rubbish in the cupboard with a piece of string in her mouth. One end of this she pushed through the wires into the cage, and soon made the young one to understand what it was to do. Whether the'young one really understood itself or whether the old one made it understand by a language of their own, I cannot say; but however, the youngster soon took hold of the end of the string, and the moment the old one saw she had a good hold she pulled away with a will, and got her out almost in a second. The wire at this particular place was a little more open than in any other part of the cage. Whether this was seen by the old mouse or whether the spot was chosen by ac cident is another question which we can not answer.- W., sn N. Y. Espress. Palmetto Brooms and Dusters. Mr. F. B. Watts, of Mandeville, La., has patented a process to make brooms, dusters, mattresses etc, out of palmetto leaves. Mr. Watts was in town on Mon day and sold 125 of his palmetto dusters at 25 centseach. He informed nq that he experimented nearly two years with the palmetro before he found an easy mode to work the leaves into a good fiber. He dyes his dusters and brooms in- several colores. Mr Watts is thinking rbout starting a factory in'Alexandria it he can get'assistance. He certainly has a val uable patent, and there is a fortune in the basiness of making mattresses out of pal metto, as it is better than heir for the purpose. In conversation with the writer he said he had come from the North to Louisiana about two years ago, Intending to return in a week or two, but liked'the country so well that he never went back and don't intend to. He thinks LealIsasa is the greatest State in the Union with un. paralled natural resources.-A :eandria Toms nalk. I hae been an valiM since my sx teenth year, ntil fivemonths ago, I began a use of Dr. John Bill's Sarapar ila Now at twenty-three I eel myself, for the Brat time in my life, a man filled with health and ambitiom. I want yo, to pub Isht h, ahouh I do ot aiga my true FNVK Essaay. Mrs. Jultt Rule, of the Shreveport .Times, and popularly known throughout the State-as "Pansy," read before the press convention an essay of which the following is an extract: The tenth annual session of the Louisi ana Press Convention has called from every portion of the State Knights of the Quill and noted womanly women to assem ble in her flower crowned capital for the advancement of journalism. Since the last reunion t .e pens of the press have found little leisure, but the great result Which promises so much for Louisian"a's progress is fast developing itself. the grandeur of this country, as pictured by the editors and contributors, has been borne by the white wings of commerce across the great ocean, has laughed to scorn the "rushing pinions of time,'! and with lightning speed, found way into every office and home where unwelcome' blizzards had by their sudden appearance left heart-broken people and cheerless homes. What wondrous power The strength, the purity, the honesty of pur pose pictured by them has sent new blood cougpng in the veins of these people, and honest, industrious immigrants and cap italists from foreign shores and .from the Northern clime have come to Louisiana and been extended a hearty welcome, with assured rights of freedom of opinion and action in the exercise of their rights and privileges. Within a glorious climate, with soil of unsurpassed fertility "nd the cordial greetings of warm-hearted and whole-souled people, they seem strangely to have fallen in the sunny arms of end less sum r, d the chilly look has van ished to ve way to rosy tints kissed into rene .l life by the genial influence of a Sounern climate. -Railroads, manufao tories and industrial pursuits are spring ing up everywhere, and the sound of ma chinery, as amills and earpenters' tools are imitated by the mocking bird as he warbles his morning song. Building as sociations, land improvement companies, public schools and public buildings are on the increase, and a member of this associ ation who has done so much for the ad vancement of the State has circulated and formed companies who promise for a nom inal sum to add to the beauty of Southern homes by dispensing with artificial fences and encircling them with hedges that wreathe them in green the year rnand. The power of the press is incalculable I Through its influence paper has been utilized in a thousand different ways. It is said that paper is king. We live in paper houses, wear par clothing and sit on paper cushions in pa er cars, rolling on· paper wheels. Wa do a paper business over a paper counter, buying paper goods, paying with paper money or charging them up in paper books, and deal in paper sticks on paper margins .We row races on paper boats for paper prizes; go to paper theatres, where paper actors play to paper audiences. As the age develops the coming man will be more deeply enmeshed in tie paper net, He will wake in the morning and creep from under his paper clothing on his paper bed, and put on his paper dressing gown and paper slippers. He will walk over paper carpets, down paper stairs, seating himself l paper chair, read the paper news in the blug paper.. A paper bell will call himl his dinner, cooked in a paper oven, served on paper dishes, laid on a paper cover on a paper table, He will wipe his lips with a paper napkin, and having put on his paper shoes, paper hat and paper coat and taken his paper cane, he will walk on a paper pavement or ride in a paper carriage to his paper office. He will organize pa per enterprises and make paper profits. He will sail to Europe on paper steam ships, and navigate the air in paper bal loons. He will smoke paper tobacco in a paper pipe, lighted with a paper match. He will write with a paper pencil, whittle paper sticks with a paper knife; go fish ing with a paper fishing rod, a paper line and a paper hook, and put his catch in a paper basket. He will go sbooting with a paper gun, loaded with paper cartridges, and defend his country in paper forte with paper cannon and paper bombs. Having lived his paper life and achieved a paper fame and paper wealth, he will retire to paper leisure and die in iper pease. There will be a paper fune), at which the mourners, dressed in er crape, will wipe their tears in paper, and the preacher will preach a paper sermon in a paper pulpit from a paper text. He will lie in a paper coffin, wrapped in a paper shroud; his name will be engraved on a paper plate, and a paper hearse adorned with paper plumes will carry him to a paper-lined grave decorated with paper flowers, over which will be raised a paper monument. e He who seeks the newspaper profession need not expect an easy feather bed with eider down accommodations, nor a straw berry and cream diet. There is no pro fession in winch the sham or the shirk is less likely to sueceed thah in journalism. The lot of a newspaper man is not a cor ner lot in a booming town. It is rather of the cemetery variety. Indeed, outside the office towel, this latter is the form of real estate investment most generally patron ized by the fraternity. It is a life which no man advises his friends to adopt, but which few of the chosen, from the mem ers of the staff down to the faithful pressman, who looks with such pride on the "lough-and-ready" rollers as they slip from the molds, ever abandon after enter ing therein. Its triumphs are few; its. heartaches are many. Its joys are feeting and its rewards are not of this world. On the other hand, the joys of journalism are peculiarly its own. The pure delight of a well turned paragrauh. the happy eon sciousness of a timely leader, the restful satisfaction of work well and thoroughly done-these are pleasures which none but the newspaper man know, and which re pay every hour of totl and sacrifice to a profession which grinds the life and wears the energy as does no other. The suecessful newspaper work, honesty is most to be desired. Without it te man of brains is like a ship lacking both anchor and rudder. It is not the brilliant man, nor the learn d man, nor the great man, who is the noblest work of God's hand. And this honesty must include the public, and not exclude himself. In all things save marriage notices-at all times-aex. cept in swearing to his eiroalatioen-nliex. ibls honesty should be his rule. He may not count his friends, "the dear four hundred," but he will win the respect and eventually the esteem of those who diter with him, but cannot use him. Another great requisite is independence, an inds pendence that is always manly and digni fied, a self-reliance bornof conscious right, a gentle spirit of courtesy that bends to none save God, but recognizes a loved brother in all true manhood, whether he be in broadcloth r ·in tatters. Another prime quality to sueopes inanewspaper life is energy. It matters not how ine upti. ble the honesty, how bright the talent, how worthy the man, the talents will rat, honesty will prove a will stone, if s Is 'ot up and doing. Fame rhat be w1o ed Wealth must be won. Nothing ta life comes without aseking. The newspaper man lays down his energy when he lies down to sleep his last sleep- not before. And right here let me say a word or two for the faithfual members of the art pre servative Their's is a tireeme life, with little praise from the outeside we~f', but they are noted for their generosity and kind acts. I never saw a poor man turn away with empty heads frede them. There is always some oe of the eraftwbe cannot say "e to a female book agent. The members of the union, .scally, take a pride in their work, and w ilde. tribating type seea u songs ofpa .inse sweetest harmony,* . have btd man alpt, patent ads. andb t deli to . v" the. yet they ate alway *hoir l and haQPpy 4· -·.. · Farmer Rask's Report. WAsancxrow, Nov,. 10.--lu his report on agri.ulre, Seretary Rusk rsays that the market prices show a marked Ineresse Minth value ef agricultural prices this year over last. The import daties on live-stock ad. agricultural products under the old sad new tariffs show a marked inrease unader the latter. There has been a-increase in the exportation of cattle and hogs, and owing to the effective uessures adopted by the dapartment, pleuo-pneumonia has been eradicated among the cattle, and the diseases of hogs kept under control. The . Northern eattle are now fre from Test fever, owing to the general compliance of the laws adopted last spring. The seore tWrh msays: Theprovisions in the new tariff bill show some glaring inconisetences. For instance, under the .old law the * agricultural department had charge of the sugarinduastry from Ite timethe crop wo planted until it had been manufactured. Now a subordinate of the treseury depart . meat has etire control of the senugar manu facturing industry and bounty payments. It also gives the BSecretary of the Tre.i' s. ury power to make laws relative to the importation of cattle and to decide upon questions involving familiarity with ani. mel diseases at home and abroad. Whereas, the secretary of agriculture is the only person required by law to be ip... formed of the existence of animal diseases in foreign countries.' The production of raw silk as an indi genones industry is not very eneouriln , thoug kits Importance is emphapheseid reference to the imports of raw lk which have largely ncreased during the year, and are valued for the year at up wards of $4,000,000, but the necessity for favorable legislation, as well as for improvements in machinery, is Insisted upon. Mr. Busk states that the government should publish the results of agricultural experiments and distribute them. Reference is'made to the forthcoming transfer of the weather bureau to the d. partment of agriculture, with a declar. tion of the secretary's desire to widen the present scope of the bureau, so as to in orease its benefits to agriculture. He also insists strongly upon the neceesity for more frequent representation of the de partment msee'tng of agriculture and kindred societies. The pq9slbilities of serving the corn gre throughout the country, by extending the market for In dian corn into foreign countries, has en gaged the secretarys attention, with the result -hat he has appointed a special agent abroad, having special qualif catdons . for this duty, to investigate and report upon the possibilities of promoting- the consumption of Indian corn in European conrs . . On the whole the condition of the agri- / cultural classes has improved asinde the it report. . .. In relation to sugar, Secretary BRuk says: .ncouraging progress has been mace within the past year in the development of an indigenous snger industry. Under the impetus given by the investigations of. this department, improved...processes of manufacture have been intoduced on many of the more prominent plantatitoe of Louisiana, In Florida large tracts of swamp land suitable for the cultivation of eugar cane e been already reclaimed, and the cultur.and manufacture of cane have already been lun - In Nebrasks . large beet sugar fidory, capable .of usidg 800 tons of beets per day has been erctd with the best approved modern machinery, and is now in successful operatic. The. finest quality of galated snugar Is pro duced, which finds a ready local market, thus avoiding aRll expenses of transpo. t tion to and front distant refinery. A careful study of the soil and elimasti Eoa- e. dittoas of the country favorabla to the production of sugar beets has been made, and those localities in the Untied tat*eA : best adapted for the purpose have been . pointed out.- : . The area Includes a soe of of territory extelding from the Atlantic to the Pacie with a breadth of from 104to 900 miles; it inoludes parts of New England BSates, Northern New York, Nrtheastern Penn sylvania, Northern Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Southern Iowa, uts of Neb raska and the Dakotas and lpre propor tione of the RBoky Mountain pae t -nd of the Pacific slope. Within t .se srm -s is is confidently believed, aend this-belief has been verified by the actualpreduotio of good beets, will be found an adequate" acreage for the production of sgir on ' large scale and from beet as rich as can be grown in Europe, It is not an idle p=ro" phecy to speak of the productien of a quantity of beet. sugar in the near ftitrs e su8ilaent to supply oae-hsalf oT more of all the sugar consumed in tw United Srteu : The investigations in sorghaumn - it have slseo been vigorously proecauted, :a.wl the departihent wll wan be ready to oe-r-:. to thesorghum glowemes bfthe country. al.'--.. few vrietiem of that plant which ha:v: been already developed to i hdegreh of excellmen as sugar produdes. At r ,· one sugar factory in Kinsa ha as been operated the present year with protfi to the owners, withan ositput of thes. uarters of a million pounds of augas, demonstrating that with the bet grlisul ture, the bs mil and elisate, and tle . best maulcu ry, sorghum sugar mauy .be made at a profit. Comhued, The favoable impremodn produced ad' the irstt apfaaoe ofthe sggrnesblIeqKid ~g ubeet more thin~.doonllPr ;bl t=bJ;. fruit randySyrup of Figs, few yl o l wh hae. it, mad the saucesi of the and manfaotureuu, th ' Califorfia1Ag . ` syr p Compmany A True Dog story. Last year a elergy a of 1 orfolk, England, missed hi poet dog, sad there was much grief in the fal,- for , the lost o i, wasa favoris with ib children. Some nine moaths late. the clergyman happening to go to Cattle ~~i where the drovers wee l sa*or ntg , joyously laid lai buto in t new master, a drover, refite to give * dog up, and there wI a dispute. Of course the dsrvers were i sympaUthybf their fellow, and-the clergyman found tat odds agasnst him. The drover aid that $e owned Roah for year.; the a lsare held to-i that was tikeVry Boegh he had relsed. Tw polisops l cae s aing up, and the rase war ated. 'Bat how can you prove owaerabspy' ashe4 one of the oafiers. That put the minater is mind of something. He thruat his hand into a pullet od t i hand gave it to the withh "Rough, fetc.abh a I Bough, tbshe penny in his mouth, went to the neares baery, made it clea that he wanted se bred, and sounesametro.ttig beck s o the crowd. The elergyman brokle otaarsaal e it to Bough, andttod bywhile the munched it. Suddely th*eelatgr m eclaimed, - Bough. I believe that bried Sposoned B4the dogpat the piece of bred, ad the erowid oried "B'rnv r There was no longer doubh asto thei true ownership, and to the shame of the drover the tro tt oi at theanta ýtemeebls --J Chr istian Adecnass. dHesb e and F. mra to serres 11,wib sstem effectually yet amily, wb "t . eai tpp t bits o ks hb. b 1 s tp to R ys and liver to a h ltI~e ti Ity, Al Oat Irrls1 Qtr, w55l then; -urs Srupof Fgs bias wih ar rlp hto qr .posast. s4."