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SAMUEL FINLEY BREESE MORSE
An artist and portrait painter pro feBsion. Morse became an inventor by chance. A casual remark by a fellow passenger on board ship when he was returning fron London in 1832 caused him to take up the study of electricity. That remark was: "r. Franklin's ex pertmnent proved that electricity passes instantanWeouslv over a wire of any length." Before the voyage was com pleted. Morse had Invented the "Dot and-Dash" alphabet. and had thought out and planned essentially the electric telegraph as It exists today. But It was not until 1844 that the first line was omnpletid between Washington and Baltilnmore, and the historic message "What hath God Wrought," was sent. For years. he tried to Interaest Congress In his pr, .ject, then he visited England and France loping to interest the gov'-P rnme0nts cf these ,outntries. but without surCCesa. W.'hen he. returned In 1S39. he wrote: "' am witln t a farthing in my pocket, and have tr hborrow even for my meals; and eve:n wors. than thIn. I have Incurred a delbt of ronIt by my ahsen' e." But he continued to petition Congress, and finally was re-warded for hIs p'.rse 'r an.e by an aprol,riOltion of i$31,001 which built th," Wauhllngtln-P altimrnor lines and placed his name in the front rank of benefactors of the race. 3 0 Paid on Time Certificates of Deposit Paid on Savings accounts $1.00 Starts an account -:' YOUNGS' JEWELRY STORE John W. Clark, Manager. Repairing A Specialty "THE STORE THAT PLEASES EVERYBODY" When you think of Jewelry always Remember this Store--Clark is always ready to wait on customers--whether you buy or not. Here are a few selections from our stock, such as: Diamonds, Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, Rings, Wed ding Rings, Cut Glass, Bracelets, Fountain Pens, ,Umbrellas and many other things that go to make a complete Jewlery Store Located in the Larcade Building ----- I x-~ I J ....... _. . ? SPECIAL a.lv r. Ant. owner do yo0 wanlt an .It:ltrie warnilng signal that is as :,:nd as the Ie-t. and cheaper than S.. theI cilapest-'i'hen buy the O). K. S :IV: at h14,l' : l.r etnjoy a ,-onl h. b,"; - We s-Il tlhe celebr !led ) eM, Sinch Electric Fan for $9.00. For Economy and Efficiency use Mazda lamps, we sell-em Cars for Hire--Day or Night Wrapping: Lome 'Tape around a punctured tire is all right if Residence agents for the tape is all right. Our's is because it has been proven so time and again. Mistic Paints So is all the rest of our auto supplies. Electrical Supplies We mfould be foolish to offer you those which would drive your custom else- Marine & Stationery Gasoline En where after the first trial. It's to our gines. interest to sell you dependable sup plies and to your advantage to buy Phone 139 them. Opelousas Motor Car Company J. B. McCLELLAND, Proprietor J. B. CLEMENTS RICE BUYiER F1epresentiig Opelousas, La. STANDARD HICE MILLING COMPIANY Houston, Tex. Do it Now Screen Your Home - IIB Hotel. Soda Water Stand, Confectionary Stores, Baker and Barber Shops. Buy Your Screens or Galvanized Screen Wires -FROM Saint indry Lumber Company Limited. 3pelousas - Louisiana Any Quanityof Frogs--Highest Prices Opelousas Ice & Bottling Works A MORESI, Pres. OPELOUSAS, LA. SHAW SAYS CLARION IS SlHEILOINLi MAYOR Couneilman Rebukes Editor of Clarion for "Roasting Him" Because He Ignored Tax Payers' Petition Opelousas La. Oct. 28, 1913. St. Landry Clarion, City. Mr. Editor:- You were kind enough to single me out for special criticism in your issue of Oct. 25th. Now, permit me through your columns to call the public's attention to a few let ters published in this issue which are self-explanatory. Realizing that the mayor is shielding himself behind the Clarion, I shall be complelled to call his attention to a few facts in this article. I believe that it is the duty of an official above all things, first, to do whatever he does well; second, that having performed that duty, to have the courage of his conviction. In the face of adverse criticism, to stand by what he thinks is right. When the question of paving our city was perfected to point of advertizing for bids on all classes of paving, it immediate ly became the sworn duty of all the city officials to investigate all classes of paving, not favoring any one until this duty had been impartially performed. Right here I want to charge the mayor with gross neglect of his duty by confining his inves tigation to one form of paving, namely, Bitulithic. If he denies this, let him show the public, letters or telegrams making in quiries about other forms of pav ing that was in his possession before October 22nd. Knowing that when I cast my vote for a paving, I was assist ing the property owners and the City of Opelousas to invest a sum aggregating $50,000.00 o r more, I was compelled to make a most thorough investigation of the various classes of paving. This I did by wire and letters to numerous municioalities. After impartia!1 ly investigat ing and giving the subject careful and mature deliberation, I was compelled to vote for creo soted wood block paving. Having seen copies of an ordi nance passed by the council of ElPaso and Houston (and I make this statement without fear of contradiction) prohibiting nar row tire vehicles and heavy wagons from passing over their Bitulithic pavements, I think that this within itself is sufficient to condemn Bitulithic as a paving material for the city of Opel ousas, where our paving will be subjected to all classes of traffic, principally with narrow tire ve hicles. I received from Canada and the extreme northwvest, some very fine letters on ,Bitulithic, but all investigations conducted in the south where climatic con ditions are similar to ours, all city engineers, with fewv excep tions, classed cresoted wood blooks first, Vitirified Brick second, and Bitulithic third as a durable pavement, and this was especialiy true in cities where they have had e~xperience with the three particular pavements. In my humble opinion, the ex perience of Baton Rouge where the cost was $4219.30 for the re pairs on thirteen blocks of Bitu lithic 1which had been laid be tween" six and seven years, is enough to convince most tax payers that our city can not afford the luxury of this pavement. Mr. Editor, you critiz d the Board severely for ignoring as you termed your expression, the petition of a majority of the property - owners along the streets to be paved. As a mat ter of fact, that petition repre sented between twenty and twety-five per cent of the prop erty on those blocks proposed to be paved. I merely mention this as the public desires facts and not suppositions when a matter of such vital interest is brought to their notice in public print. Now, Mr. Editor, you have con stituted yourself spokesman for the mayor on the fire alarm sys tem. please explain to the public or have him explainwhy he withheld from the coun cil on the night they awarded the contract to the Gameswell Co., those telegrams published in your last issue? And if he did not have them in his possession !at thattirre, why as a member of the committee appointed by the council to investigate and advise best systems, did he wait until the contract had been awarded to make his investiga tion? Respectfully Yours, J. A. SHAW. Jackson, Miss., May 3d, 1913. P. E. B. Roberts, Mayor, Gainsville,Ga. We have wood blocks on residence and business streets with grades as high as five and six-tenths per cent; most satisfactory in every respect and never a complaint of slipperiness. G. W. Huddleston, Alderman 5 wd. i W J. Buck, Alderman at large. t Mobile, Ala., Oct. 21st, 1913. v J. A. Shaw, Mayor Pro tem, Opelousas, t Louisiana. b Asphalt filled wood blocks to date have been " K., and I believe will be so for some years. Bitulithic have re surfaced all bf their pavements here voluntarily, although not forced to do so by city. Bituhlhic Co fine about keeping their pavement in shape. Wright Smith. Baton Rouge, La.. Oct. 22, 1913. C. P. Dunbar, Opelousas, La. City records show thirteen blocks bi tulithic pavement laid nineteen-six crowned this summer at cost of forty two hundred twenty-nine dollars thirty cents. A. R. Barracks. Rome, Ga., Oct. 6, 1913. E. B. Robertson, Mayor, Gainsville, Ga. Having tried various pavements am of opinion that wood block is by far best. R. A. Denny, Chm. Board Public Works. Dallas, Tex., Oct. 21, 1913. J. A. Shaw, Mayor Pro tem, Opelousas, Louisiana. City of Dallas has ceased to lay vitri fied brick pavements; wood blocks and bitulithic give best satisfaction, wood blocks for heavy traffic, bitulithic for resident streets. J. W. Ruston, City Engineer. Dallas, Texas, June 6, 1910. A. C. Crowder, Mayor, Jackson, Miss. For light or heavy traffic wood blocks properly treated best pavement. Easy to repair, permanent and sanitary. William Doran, Commissioner. Americus, Ga., June 3, 1912. Mayor Roobertson, Gainsville, Ga. We selected wood blocks confident that we had the best, since using it we have had no occasion to change our op inion. The only criticism at the letting was it was slippery. We have not found it so. Absence from city delay ed answer. J. E. Mathis, Mayor. Longview Texas, April 1st, 1913. Letter from Mayor of Longview, Tex.: Creosoted Wood Block Paving Co., New Orleans, La. Gentlemen: At the request of your Mr. Stearns I am writing these few lines with reference to the Longview paving, which is creosoted pine wood blocks. Before deciding on this paving I made a very thorough investigation, having made a trip to New York, Phil adelphia, Chicago, Washington, Balti more and other cities in the East. With out question, I found that creosoted wood blocks was the ONLY pavement, also found that paactically every emi nent Engineer in the country recom mends same. The pavement has been down in this city for about two years, and has given great satisfaction. Under no circumstances would I con sider to lay any other kind of pavement except these blocks. The city of Long view is going to put down about $100, 000 more pavement in the near future, and we are going tojuse creosoted wood blocks. I especially recommend the use of these blocks in small cities, even at a greater cost, for the reason that it is not necessary to maintain any paving plant like it would be in case of As phalt or Bitulithic. Besides when it is necessary to make any. repairs the very commonest labor can do the work. Another thing to consider is that the pavement is not very hard to stock. It is also sanitary. I can say a great many other things for this pavement, and at any time I can be of; any service to you do not hesitate on call on me. Jackson, Miss., March 12, 1912. Letter of Alderman at Large, City of Jackson, Miss.: Creosote Wood Block Paving Co., New Orleans, La. Gentlemen: I have been. requested to give my capdid opinion, as an individual, and as an Alderman of the City of Jackson, as to creosote wood blocks for paving, anid I do this with pleasure. The City of Jackson has done and is doing a great deal of street paving. We have practically every kind of paving in this city. The opportunities for comparison therefore are good. Wood blocks, creosoted, commends itself to me as being the very best, for the fol lowing reasons: Noiselessness, dura bility, ease of repair and maintenance, not absorbing nor radiating heat to any great extent, and being as near dust proof as any pavement can be. All other paving is put down in this city with a maintenance bond, which is an additional cost to the tax payers. On account of the absolute confidence in wood blocks as not needing repair the City Council has never required this of creosoted wood blocks. There is a great bugaboo raised by promoters of other pav;nr materials as to the "buckling" of wood blocks; trim off the edges nearest the curb urid re place them and the trouble is at once obviated. . I wi!l say that as a citizen I would insist on wood block paving on any street where I owned property and as an alderman I would vote for it on all streets, whether business or resi dence. San Antonio, Texas, Aug. 14, 1912. Letter from Street Commissioner, San Antonio, Texas. To the Hon. Mayor and Commissioners of the City of Corpus Christi, Texas. Gentlemen: We, the undersigned, Mayor and Street Commissioner of the City of Fort Worth, after careful inves tigation of the different pavements sub mitted to us, have let the contract to pave Houston Street, in our city, to the creosote wood block people. While this pavement comes higher than any other, we believe it to be the cheapest in the end. Greenwood, Miss., July 5th, 1913. Letter from Henderson & Baird Hard wood Co.: Creosote Wood Block Paving Co., New Orleans. It affords me pleasure to state that the creosoted wood block pavement which you laid in Greenwood last Fall is apparently giving perfect satisfac tion. A great many or our citizens were afraid of it, and am confident have been energetic in 'ooking for an opportunity to register a complaint. So tar I have heard no one say anythinr unkind of your pavement. Apparently it is going to give us exactly the service and satis faction that we'want. Athens, Ga., Apr. 15, 1913. Letter from City Engineer: Creosote Wood Block Co., New Or leans, La. Gentlemen: In reply to your inquiry regarding wood block paving in this cit', wish to say that it is highly satis factory. For streets of light grade I know of no better pavement. Beaumont, Texas, Oct. 18, 1913. Letter from Engineering Department. J. A. Shaw, Opelousas, La. Dear Sir-Yours of Oct. 15th receiv ed regarding wooden block paving. We have several different kinds of paving, namely: brick, creosoted wood blocks, Uvalde Rock asphalt and bitulithic. Brick predominates, wood blocks sec ond and asphalt third in quantity, but not in quality, as I consider wood block paving the best we have. A great deal depend on the kind of lumber, treatment and method of lay ing. I would not advise this pavement to be put on any street where there would not be a sufficient amount of traftic the heavier and more traffic the better service the pavement will give. ; Our last wood blocks cost us$2.23per squire yard on five-inCh concrete base. Our rock asphalt cost us $1.75 per sq yd on same base. I am mailing you under separate cover copy of our specification. My further information will be gladly given. Laurel, Miss., Oct. 18, 1913. Letter from Commissioner of Public Works. Dr J A Shaw, Opelousas, La. Dear Sir-Yours of the 15th inst. The class of pavement you should use de pends entirely upon your present and contemplated traffic. I judge your city is about the same size as ours with a population of ten thousand. Our first venture was for 17000 sq yds of wood block, this included our business sec tion where the traffic is heavy, this wood block job cost us $2.49 per sq yd, not including grading; the blocks were treated with 16 pounds of creosote oil to the cubic foot and put in place with a filler of asphalt. Our wood block has been down about 8 months and we have not had a single instance of "bucking" and I consider this the most permanent paving you could use in the business district. We are now going into the second venture in our resident section and we are using sheet asphalt put down with a part coat with a few inch concrete base, this work is costing us $1.87 per sq yd including grading, and we think it just the thing for our streets in the resident sections. Should you want additional information command me. Birmingham, Ala., Oct. 20, 1913. Letter from General Manager, Birming ham Realty Co. Mr Percy Dunbar, Opelousas, La. Dear Sir-At the request of Mr Orlaff Lake of the Barrett Manufacturing Co, I am writing you our experience with their Tarvia road material. Some two and one-half years ago we did exten sive development and in this was about 60000 sq yds of street paving. After more thai a years study by our en gineering department, we use Barrett Manufactiring Co's Tarvia in a mixed preparation and our experience with this paving has been such that we be lieve it to be as good as any pavement laid in this city, except the wooden block pavement. We have in this city practically all forms of pavement. We are now engaged in another develop ment and the f-irst experience was such that we will pave there from 20,000 to 30,000 sq yds additional. Our pavement has gone through two years with ex treme heat and quite considerable cold without showing any sign of giving way, and so far as the closestinvestiga tion will show, is just as good now as when it was laid. Hattiesburg, Miss., Sept. 25th, 1913. Letter from the Mayor: Mr. C. P. Dunbar, Opelousas, La. Dear Sir: In reference to your letter with reference to bitulithic paving, will say that this paving has given sat isfaction in the residence portion of the city, and we find it very sanitary and noiseless. We can't say about its lasting quali ties, as we have only had our paving about seven years, and the only re pairs necessary was on a damp street. We find it considerable trouble to make repairs where it is necessary to cut the paving. Brick paving is giving us bet ter satisfaction in the business district where heavy traffic is necessary. Americus, Ga., Oct. 18th, 1913. Letter from City Engineer: Dr. J. A. Shaw, Opelousas, La. Replying to your letter of 15th inst., relative to our wood block pavement would say that we are very much pleased with this class of street pave ment. The blocks have been down for nearly two years 'and have given us comparatively little trouble. Here quite recently we have had some trou ble with the blocks bucking at the ends of pavement and in some instances in the middle of the roadways, but that does not amount to a great deal. The repairs are made with common labor, hence your expense for maintenance is slight. We are more thoroughlv con vinced now than before the pavement was laid that we have made no mistake in selecting the wood block pavement. In other words, everyone is satisfied with the selection. . Crowley, La., Oct. 20th, 1913. y Dr. J. A. Shaw, Opelousas, La. n Letter from the Mayor: n Dear Sir: I have before me yours of a the 15th, inst., and in response thereto e I beg to state that .Parkerson Ave., f which is our Main Street, is paved with creosoted wood blocks, which in my v opinion is giving perfect satisfaction s and as for myself I'll say that I wouldn't n exchange creosoted wood blocks as a pavement for any other pavement that Iknow of, and for your information I I'll say that before paving our streets a we appointed a committee, who after I visiting several cities in getting the ad a vice of different city engineers, re turned favoring wood blocks as a street pavement even at the advance cost over other pavements. It is but a short distance over here and if you gentlemen just come over I would be glad to give you any inform ation you desire; also show you the pavement. Dallas, Texas, Oct. 22, 1913. , Letter from City Engineer: Dr. James A. Shaw, Member City Coun ). cil, Opelousas, La. Confirming my wire to you yester day, I beg to advise you that the City of Dallas is paved with principally creo soted pine blocks, and bitu!ithic pave ments. The city has some 7 or 8 miles of brick pavements. These have not proven satisfactory, and I do not favcr laying any more brick in the City of Dallas. Brick pavements are fairly satisfac tory in small cities where the traffic is tllght, if it is laid under strict super vision, and the city has facilities for thoroughly inspecting same, otherwise, I would not advise the use of brick at all. Brownsville, Tex., Oct. 19th, 1913. Dr. J. A. Shaw, Opelousas, La. Lettor from Civil and Construction En gineers: Dear Sir: In reply to your inquiry in regard to creosoted wood block pav ing, I beg to state that we have approx imately 30,000 sq. yds. of this paeement and we find it very satisfactory. It is clean and sanitary and practically noiseless. It gives me pleasure to rec ommend this pavement and it is my opinion that you will make no mistaxe in using it if you are looking for a first, class pavement in every respect. I find that the standard specifications do not provide sufficient expansion to care for the expansion arising to ex tremes of temperature and if vou de- I cide to call for proposals on this class of pavements, if your engineer will communicate with me, I would be. plei.sed to offer some suggestions along these lines that will I believe be o f benefit. Birmingham, Ala., Oct. 20, 1913. - Letter from City Engineer. Dr J A Shaw, Opelousas, La. Dear Sir-Your letter of Oct. 15th asking what success Birmingham has had with creo;cted :rgood block pave-' ment ij re-ri-eed. About seven years' aco a small a-n-unt of creosoted would block pavement was laid along the, street car tracks on Highland avenue and this was a notorious failure, chiefly because of the bucking of the blocks. The blocks were not well treated with "creosote oil," nor were they well laid. Although this prevented the use of wood blocks for several years, the city engineer felt sure that the laiiure of this pavement was not an arg'.'.ent against wood blocks and accr .inlyv, during the past year, the cit h :s r'. moved the granite blocks from t'., busiest down-town district and re placed them with creosoted wood locks, various porions o, 'hict: ha'. e been completed from ,wa t ei Jt months. These blocks iave lb en verv carefully laid and have pro: en entirelby satisfactory. The pavement is geaer adly received as a successful ,avemen;. We have had no trouble with buckin; or bleeding and the writer believes that wood blocks properly treated and properly laid make a very successful and durable pavement, smoothe, water tight and almost noiseless, as well as easy to repair. The above letters and telf grams are a true copy of I h, originals which are in my Io~ session. Will gladly sh ,w thn:: to anyone desiring to see tl.m. J. A. SHAW. Miss Marguerite Simpson, of Bellevue, was in town one day this week. OPELOUSAS NATIONAL BANK OFFICERS: IR TQS I E. B. Dublissae, DIRECTOR S: ': $ ;** J. B. Sandoz Chas. F. Ilong I x ?i yIg.. E. B. Dubulsson rDISPUTES, AS TO UNPAI'D, BILLS., has. F. Bal, A. leon Dupre OVER AND UNDER 2nd TIce..Prs R Lelourgl:uIs PAYMENTS, ETC$ it A. Leon BDuprea, '4R4 ABSOLUTELY G Cashlier J. B. Sand z EL E'MINATED i t P i, e _ITH A CHECK- * P. D. Pavy, ING ACCOUNT A Ash'. Cashier:' RECEIPTED LEGAL , _ - VOUCHER-THE ENDORSED CHECK -PROTECTS YOU SPERF ECTLY 3< ý On Savings Accounts , On Time Certificates of Deposit Resources over - $300,000.00. MAKE OUR BANK YOUR BANK. •P'"f**Cas ammerilms22EIR~ramammammille REDr TOP SALOON . )OS. _. DeVARiGAS,. Pr'op. '/. PHW"NE 129 201 W. LANORY ST. Famo: s :ichelieu t;eer on Tap? er;n " ee:a .ex:;-; Pitisieer.---"''Dicky lird" Celery, t';,ps , ai Fivors and all carbonated Drink;. -:- -:- -:- -:- -: Case and Barrel Goods a Speciity Prices Quoted on a few Brands Case (;oods Barrel Goods Red Top Rye, per qurt"t $1.50 Kentucky Weller, per quart $1.00 Highland Pure Rye, " " 1.50 Hanover Rye, 1.00 Monticello Rye, " 1.50 Lewis G," 1.00 Lewis 66, " 1.2.) Joe's Special, 1.00 Echo Springs, " 1.25 Hickory Vallrry, " .75 Hanover Rye, " 1.25 Rip Rp, , .75 Dairy Maid, 1.25 ' Deep Spring, 1.25 C nto. ,, .50 Cream of Kentucky, " 1.25 E.uneiy Bunch, " 50 Above can be had in ii ts arid half pints A FULL ASSORTMENT OF.WINES Get Your : INITIAL Box Paper AND Sorrespondence Cards at Jacobs M:AIL ORDER HOUSE Opelousas, La. '.Ir. and Mrs. Yves Andrepont, ;anl their little son, Master Vie tor, returned on Monday morn ing from New Orleans, where Mrs. Andrepont had been spend. ing sometime as the guest of her brother, Mr. Eraste Vidrine.