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SCIENCE OF FARMING
By W. A. Dougherty, U/S. D. — WORN-OUT LAND IN VERNON PARISH U. S. Demonstration Farm Manager Tells How to. Avoid and Rebuild Worn-Out Land. Tàe True Terrace A true terrace is made bx throwing all the land down hill in breaking, al lowing the first furrow to lap on an unbroken space each time, so as to raise the surface at this point as rap idly as possible. It usually requires several years to complete a well-estab lished terrace, and when completed the surface of the intervening space is ap proximately level with the next stsp or terrace. The chief objection to this way of protecting land are about the tame as those for hillside ditches. It is, however, less waste to the land than with the ditch, and trie amount of «pace for weeds is reduced one-half. The most serious difficulty on rather steep hills will be in getting teams and machinery from one terrace to another This difficulty may be met very mater ially v>y leaving sufficient space at each end without embankment to en able teams to move from one level to another. Broad Graded Terraces Many of our, best farfflejs have (bund by actual experience that a com bination of the hillside ditch and the terrace will more nearly fill the needs of our lands than anything yet tried. The term terrace will, however, be us ed in the discussion under this heading The terrace row is laid off by the use of a level, the same as that used for the ditch or the true terrace. A uni form fall of 4 to 8 inches to 100 feet should be allowed on steep lands, and proportionally less on rolling lands. This mi'st be cha "g«\i to meet iocx conditions. Where th ^rainfall is heavy as in many parts of the South, the greatef fall is needed. The distances betweén the terraces is also governed by the steepness of the land. On steep hills, the fall between them should not exceed 3 feet, while on slightly rolling lands, 4 ft. may be giv en. In laying off the line for a ter race, the operator should look for a good oudet On hillsides that slope both ways, it is advisable to carry wate r in both directions, if outlets can be bad. With areas of considerable •îze, and where several depressions are to *be gone through before reach-1 ng an outlet, it may be necessary to make a straight ditch at one of these natural depressions, carrying the wa ter directly to the main outlet. This ditch would relieve the strain on the terrae« and save damage that would result from attempting to carry the wa ter all one way by means of long ir regular terraces. Such ditches can be prevented from getting too deep by al lowing grass to grow in them Or by putting in brush occasionally. The tnain differences between this and oth er methods of terracing are in the con struction of the dike or embankment and in the uses to which the embank ment is put after it is completed. The construction is much easier and more economical than would at first be thought possible. The embankment can be made with JOB PRINTING Of The Better Kind The Prthting Plant of the Vernon Parish* Democrat has been replenished and reorganized, and they are now able to exe cute all manner of Job Work in quick time. There will be no better printing obtainable than the Dem ocrat kind. • Franklin Prices The Franklin Printing Price List is used by the Democrat, This Kst is compiled by experts and covers almost every line of printing. With this list in use we are assured of a reason able profit on each piece of work and tl* consumer is pro tected against overcharge. GOOD WORK OUR MOfrO: FAIR PRICES QUICK SERVICE Send Your Printing to The Democrat Office PLANT AT NEWLLANO COLONY the plow by lapping on the unbroken I ground and throwing furrows toward the center until the desired width i S| . . j TL • I. L -t. . » obtamed. The width will be governed I by the ideas of the maker. A bank wide enough for three rows is prefer red. Such a bank allows a center row on top of the embankment with an other row on each side. After this bed has been thrown up once, go to the center, and then by, lapping as be fore, continue in the same manner un til the proper height is reached. If a disc plow is used, the embankment may be completed, at the first opera tion. as it will turn loose dirt. When ordinary turning plows are used it may happen that one must wait until the land is settled by rain in order to com plete the job. Obstructions will, of course, have to be removed, depres sions or gullies filled, and -the bank at these points built up and strengthened to correspond to other parts of th*e ter race. The height, as well as the width, to which this embankment should be made, depends on the depth of rain fall it must withstand. The one im portant feature is to make it strong enough to stand against any possible emergency. When the embankments Have been completed, run the rows parallel with them. Beginning with the first row on top^of each dike, run off in pairs from each side, letting the short rows come in the middle. It has been found best, to work in two short rows occasionally before finishing, which would cause (bo great an ac cumulation of water at one point. The intervening short rows should always come in pairs, as this will allow teams to make a round without dragging the* cultivator.or plow out to 'the oppos.te end, as would necessarily be^ the case if there were only one row. The ends of all short rows should point slightly up grade. .Opinion differs as to short others prefer having them all come on« rows— some prefer as above, while one side or the other. The rows on the terrace can be cultivated the same as the others, provided the terrace is made with the right grade and is broad enough. This method of ter racing leaves no room for a crop of weeds, but utilizes all the land in the field. As each intervenJng row nas some fall, the water will be carried out by it, but so fipwlv that the greatest amount possible ^yill be taken up by the land before it can run off. Should the ordinary rows, the terrace rows water enough accumulate to run over will check and hold it until it can be gradually taken up by the land or car ried' slowly to the outlet. A little judgment in plowing will keep dikes from getting too high. No trouble is experienced in running cultivators, mowers, binders, or wagons on or across the field in any direction. There is no question that this method is bet ter than any on^ yet used; and any farmer, it' matters not.how small his farm or limited his means, can prac tice it. Many of the best farmers ir the sand hill and light loam sections j of Mississippi, Louisiana, and Arkan sas are handling their lands by this method. The writer of this bulletin has had practical experience with all the methods ordinarily usçd in the last 25 years, and this method of drainage is far ahead of aH other surface meth ods in efficiency of surface or econ omy of construction. The main points are to plan the work properly ai the start, and to watclr all weak places and keep them up, by hand if neces except .mall proportion ° ' € cons rucion can easi y e one wlth P lows ' Th . e SCr ? per ma , y b * re " quired m some low places, where sur ?.. . t . „„ t ficient dirt cannot be thrown up by the plow. This plan will be equally effective on pasture lands that have been turned out to be reclaimed. In fact, if terraced well and all the wash ing checked, such lands will build up very much more rapidly than other wise. [This article one Terracing will be continued in next week's issue.l GLADWAY AT THE STATE FAIR WILL PROVE POPULAR The Wortham Shows, Celebrated In Carnival Business, Will Entertain Visitors. The Wortham Shows, declared to be the largest aggregation of carnival at tractions put on the road since the world's fair, will entertain the thou sands of men, womèh and ehildren visiting the Gladway at the 1920 State Fair of Louisiana, October 28 to No vember 7. According to assurance of the man agement, the Gladway attractions will be clean, novel and educational. They have passed the censor, and, as an nounced, they will be as clean and moral as could be hoped. There will be nothing to offend, but plenty to entertain, and every patron is as sured of his or her money's worth of tuh and frolic. . "All told there will be about two äozen different shows in the Wortham aggregation. There will be a wide variety of entertainment, including a number of very thrilMng exhibitions. The management has gone to con siderable expense in booking; the Wortham Shows, but it knows the splendid reputation of this organiza tion, and is confident that the program to be offered will please everybody who visits the Gladway. In addition to the seriously educa tional features of the Fair, the of ficials feel that visitors should enjoy some lighter recreational features, and with that end in view, has con tracted for the very best obtainable in this line from Worthtlm. For further information, write to ( W. R. Hirsch, secretary, Shreveport, La. JUVENILE CORN CLUBS SEEK STATE FAIR FAME That corn has become one of the principal products in Louisiana, with a wonderful future in store, will be the impression visitors will get in viewing the exhibits of the Boys' and Girls' Corn Clubs at the 1920 State Fair, October 28 to November 7, in clusive. These exhibits, which will be shown in the Agricultural building, will be among the most intensely in teresting exhibits at the Fair, and they will testify to excellent progress beiag enjeyed by this branch of the Junior Extension Department. Numerous cash premiums have been listed for the winners in the Corn Clubs, and as the juvenile corn growers have their club work estab lished in practically every parish, practically every section of the State will be represented in the exhibits. Conservatively it is estimated that there will be between 2,000 and 3,000 entries. In addition to the regular premiums the members will have the privilege of competfeag for a silver cup offered by E. O. Wild, editor and publisher of the Gulf State's Farmer, for ten-ear championship, and for a handsome trophy offered by -Modern Farming, also for the Loutslanà State Corn Growers' Association's state champion ship cup/ For this , latter trophy the champion in the club contest will compete against the champion of the adults' contest. Many of the boys' and girls' corn will compete against that of their fathers and brothers and other grownups. An interstate corn club contest, in which several Southern states will be represented, will begone of the fea tures of the Corn Club Department, and students will also compete ^or prizes offered for corn judging. For catalog and further information write to W. R. Hirsch, secretav, Shreveport, La. Plaquemine.—Sam Pollzzotto, a merchant of this town, has been ap pointed a member of the Jury commis sioners, in place of Lyman P. Rhodes, who has resigned. Visit your Parish Fair in October. In every home where there is a ba by there should also be a bottle of Mc GEE'S BABY ELIXIR. It may be needed at any time to correct sour stomach, wind colic, diarrhoea, or summer complaint. It is a whole some remedy, contains no opium, mor phine, or injurious drurt g ? ^>nd.. For sale by all druggist idv. Your Washing The Llano Laundry is equipped to do your household laundry at very moderate charges. The best of care is given to all work and quick service is our watchword. v Send us all your work and you will be satisfied with the re»ult. Our wagon calls for and delivers work in Leesville. Our Wet Wash Department This department takes your clothes and sends them back washed but not finished. Our steam machinery gets the clothes clean without :>ie drudgery of the usual washtub, and you can finish them up to »uit your own tastes. This ser vice is cheaper, too,—only six cents a pound for a minimum of twenty pounds. Why sweat and worry over the wash tub? New llano* Steam Laundry PHONE 176 Us Grind Your Corn and Mill Your Syrup • See Mr. Synoground Llano Co-operative Colony Newllano, Louisiana .