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Vernon Parish Democrat. (Leesville, La.) 1917-193?, September 23, 1920, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064278/1920-09-23/ed-1/seq-8/

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SCIENCE OF FARMING
By W. A. Dougherty, U/S. D.

WORN-OUT LAND IN
VERNON PARISH
U. S. Demonstration Farm Manager
Tells How to. Avoid and Rebuild
Worn-Out Land.
Tàe True Terrace
A true terrace is made bx throwing
all the land down hill in breaking, al
lowing the first furrow to lap on an
unbroken space each time, so as to
raise the surface at this point as rap
idly as possible. It usually requires
several years to complete a well-estab
lished terrace, and when completed the
surface of the intervening space is ap
proximately level with the next stsp
or terrace. The chief objection to this
way of protecting land are about the
tame as those for hillside ditches. It
is, however, less waste to the land than
with the ditch, and trie amount of
«pace for weeds is reduced one-half.
The most serious difficulty on rather
steep hills will be in getting teams and
machinery from one terrace to another
This difficulty may be met very mater
ially v>y leaving sufficient space at
each end without embankment to en
able teams to move from one level to
another.
Broad Graded Terraces
Many of our, best farfflejs have
(bund by actual experience that a com
bination of the hillside ditch and the
terrace will more nearly fill the needs
of our lands than anything yet tried.
The term terrace will, however, be us
ed in the discussion under this heading
The terrace row is laid off by the use
of a level, the same as that used for
the ditch or the true terrace. A uni
form fall of 4 to 8 inches to 100 feet
should be allowed on steep lands, and
proportionally less on rolling lands.
This mi'st be cha "g«\i to meet iocx
conditions. Where th ^rainfall is heavy
as in many parts of the South, the
greatef fall is needed. The distances
betweén the terraces is also governed
by the steepness of the land. On
steep hills, the fall between them
should not exceed 3 feet, while on
slightly rolling lands, 4 ft. may be giv
en. In laying off the line for a ter
race, the operator should look for a
good oudet On hillsides that slope
both ways, it is advisable to carry
wate r in both directions, if outlets can
be bad. With areas of considerable
•îze, and where several depressions
are to *be gone through before reach-1
ng an outlet, it may be necessary to
make a straight ditch at one of these
natural depressions, carrying the wa
ter directly to the main outlet. This
ditch would relieve the strain on the
terrae« and save damage that would
result from attempting to carry the wa
ter all one way by means of long ir
regular terraces. Such ditches can be
prevented from getting too deep by al
lowing grass to grow in them Or by
putting in brush occasionally. The
tnain differences between this and oth
er methods of terracing are in the con
struction of the dike or embankment
and in the uses to which the embank
ment is put after it is completed.
The construction is much easier and
more economical than would at first
be thought possible.
The embankment can be made with
JOB PRINTING
Of The Better Kind
The Prthting Plant of the Vernon Parish* Democrat has been
replenished and reorganized, and they are now able to exe
cute all manner of Job Work in quick time.
There will be no better printing obtainable than the Dem
ocrat kind. •
Franklin Prices
The Franklin Printing Price List is used by the Democrat,
This Kst is compiled by experts and covers almost every line
of printing. With this list in use we are assured of a reason
able profit on each piece of work and tl* consumer is pro
tected against overcharge.
GOOD WORK
OUR MOfrO:
FAIR PRICES
QUICK SERVICE
Send Your Printing to
The Democrat Office
PLANT AT NEWLLANO COLONY
the plow by lapping on the unbroken I
ground and throwing furrows toward
the center until the desired width i S|
. . j TL • I. L -t. . »
obtamed. The width will be governed I
by the ideas of the maker. A bank
wide enough for three rows is prefer
red. Such a bank allows a center row
on top of the embankment with an
other row on each side. After this
bed has been thrown up once, go to
the center, and then by, lapping as be
fore, continue in the same manner un
til the proper height is reached. If
a disc plow is used, the embankment
may be completed, at the first opera
tion. as it will turn loose dirt. When
ordinary turning plows are used it may
happen that one must wait until the
land is settled by rain in order to com
plete the job. Obstructions will, of
course, have to be removed, depres
sions or gullies filled, and -the bank at
these points built up and strengthened
to correspond to other parts of th*e ter
race. The height, as well as the width,
to which this embankment should be
made, depends on the depth of rain
fall it must withstand. The one im
portant feature is to make it strong
enough to stand against any possible
emergency. When the embankments
Have been completed, run the rows
parallel with them. Beginning with the
first row on top^of each dike, run off
in pairs from each side, letting the
short rows come in the middle. It has
been found best, to work in two short
rows occasionally before finishing,
which would cause (bo great an ac
cumulation of water at one point. The
intervening short rows should always
come in pairs, as this will allow teams
to make a round without dragging the*
cultivator.or plow out to 'the oppos.te
end, as would necessarily be^ the case
if there were only one row. The ends
of all short rows should point slightly
up grade. .Opinion differs as to short
others prefer having them all come on«
rows— some prefer as above, while
one side or the other. The rows on
the terrace can be cultivated the same
as the others, provided the terrace is
made with the right grade and is
broad enough. This method of ter
racing leaves no room for a crop of
weeds, but utilizes all the land in the
field. As each intervenJng row nas
some fall, the water will be carried out
by it, but so fipwlv that the greatest
amount possible ^yill be taken up by
the land before it can run off. Should
the ordinary rows, the terrace rows
water enough accumulate to run over
will check and hold it until it can be
gradually taken up by the land or car
ried' slowly to the outlet. A little
judgment in plowing will keep dikes
from getting too high. No trouble is
experienced in running cultivators,
mowers, binders, or wagons on or
across the field in any direction. There
is no question that this method is bet
ter than any on^ yet used; and any
farmer, it' matters not.how small his
farm or limited his means, can prac
tice it. Many of the best farmers ir
the sand hill and light loam sections j
of Mississippi, Louisiana, and Arkan
sas are handling their lands by this
method. The writer of this bulletin
has had practical experience with all
the methods ordinarily usçd in the last
25 years, and this method of drainage
is far ahead of aH other surface meth
ods in efficiency of surface or econ
omy of construction. The main points
are to plan the work properly ai the
start, and to watclr all weak places
and keep them up, by hand if neces
except .mall proportion
° ' € cons rucion can easi y e one
wlth P lows ' Th . e SCr ? per ma , y b * re "
quired m some low places, where sur
?.. . t . „„ t
ficient dirt cannot be thrown up by
the plow. This plan will be equally
effective on pasture lands that have
been turned out to be reclaimed. In
fact, if terraced well and all the wash
ing checked, such lands will build up
very much more rapidly than other
wise.
[This article one Terracing will be
continued in next week's issue.l
GLADWAY AT THE
STATE FAIR WILL
PROVE POPULAR
The Wortham Shows, Celebrated In
Carnival Business, Will Entertain
Visitors.
The Wortham Shows, declared to be
the largest aggregation of carnival at
tractions put on the road since the
world's fair, will entertain the thou
sands of men, womèh and ehildren
visiting the Gladway at the 1920 State
Fair of Louisiana, October 28 to No
vember 7.
According to assurance of the man
agement, the Gladway attractions will
be clean, novel and educational. They
have passed the censor, and, as an
nounced, they will be as clean and
moral as could be hoped. There will
be nothing to offend, but plenty to
entertain, and every patron is as
sured of his or her money's worth of
tuh and frolic. .
"All told there will be about two
äozen different shows in the Wortham
aggregation. There will be a wide
variety of entertainment, including a
number of very thrilMng exhibitions.
The management has gone to con
siderable expense in booking; the
Wortham Shows, but it knows the
splendid reputation of this organiza
tion, and is confident that the program
to be offered will please everybody
who visits the Gladway.
In addition to the seriously educa
tional features of the Fair, the of
ficials feel that visitors should enjoy
some lighter recreational features,
and with that end in view, has con
tracted for the very best obtainable
in this line from Worthtlm.
For further information, write to
( W. R. Hirsch, secretary, Shreveport,
La.
JUVENILE CORN CLUBS
SEEK STATE FAIR FAME
That corn has become one of the
principal products in Louisiana, with
a wonderful future in store, will be
the impression visitors will get in
viewing the exhibits of the Boys' and
Girls' Corn Clubs at the 1920 State
Fair, October 28 to November 7, in
clusive. These exhibits, which will be
shown in the Agricultural building,
will be among the most intensely in
teresting exhibits at the Fair, and they
will testify to excellent progress beiag
enjeyed by this branch of the Junior
Extension Department.
Numerous cash premiums have been
listed for the winners in the Corn
Clubs, and as the juvenile corn
growers have their club work estab
lished in practically every parish,
practically every section of the State
will be represented in the exhibits.
Conservatively it is estimated that
there will be between 2,000 and 3,000
entries.
In addition to the regular premiums
the members will have the privilege of
competfeag for a silver cup offered by
E. O. Wild, editor and publisher of
the Gulf State's Farmer, for ten-ear
championship, and for a handsome
trophy offered by -Modern Farming,
also for the Loutslanà State Corn
Growers' Association's state champion
ship cup/ For this , latter trophy the
champion in the club contest will
compete against the champion of the
adults' contest. Many of the boys'
and girls' corn will compete against
that of their fathers and brothers and
other grownups.
An interstate corn club contest, in
which several Southern states will be
represented, will begone of the fea
tures of the Corn Club Department,
and students will also compete ^or
prizes offered for corn judging.
For catalog and further information
write to W. R. Hirsch, secretav,
Shreveport, La.
Plaquemine.—Sam Pollzzotto, a
merchant of this town, has been ap
pointed a member of the Jury commis
sioners, in place of Lyman P. Rhodes,
who has resigned.
Visit your Parish Fair in October.
In every home where there is a ba
by there should also be a bottle of Mc
GEE'S BABY ELIXIR. It may be
needed at any time to correct sour
stomach, wind colic, diarrhoea, or
summer complaint. It is a whole
some remedy, contains no opium, mor
phine, or injurious drurt g ? ^>nd..
For sale by all druggist idv.
Your Washing
The Llano Laundry is equipped to do your household
laundry at very moderate charges.
The best of care is given to all work and quick service
is our watchword. v
Send us all your work and you will be satisfied with
the re»ult. Our wagon calls for and delivers work in Leesville.
Our Wet Wash
Department
This department takes your clothes and sends them
back washed but not finished. Our steam machinery gets
the clothes clean without :>ie drudgery of the usual washtub,
and you can finish them up to »uit your own tastes. This ser
vice is cheaper, too,—only six cents a pound for a minimum
of twenty pounds.
Why sweat and worry over the wash tub?
New llano* Steam Laundry
PHONE 176
Us
Grind Your Corn
and
Mill Your Syrup
• See Mr. Synoground
Llano Co-operative Colony
Newllano, Louisiana .

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