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Vernon Parish Democrat
Vernon Parish—the Homeseekers Best Opportunity Leesville-~rhe Hub of the West Louisiana Empire Vol. 4. LEESVILLE, VERNON PARISH, LOUISIANA, THURSDAY,'JUNE 23, 1921. »UMBER COMPANIES PREVENT FIRES FEDERAL EXPERT COMPLIMENTS 8TATE. New Orleans, La.—Rapid improve nent in spark-arresting equipment on lummy and other logging engines op (rated by lumber, gravel and con traction companies in Louisiana's (liney woods is shown by reports sub mitted to M. L. Alexander, State Com missioner of Conservation. "Syste matic inspections covering a period of ibout eighteen months," says Mr. Al ixander, "indicate a most satisfactory Increase in the number of tramroads which are heartily complying with our tire prevention regulations. In that time Conservation Agent W. O. Mc Curdy has reported the condition of 549 locomotives, skidder3 and loaders, an average of three times. The last Inspection shows only 20 per cent of the operators not yet substantially in line with our regulations. After July IB we shall adopt a policy of filins charges against all delinquents in this matter. Many companies have always used proper deviceâ to prevent fires, and now four out of five use them. We are going to make this five out of five. A government expert study ing this subject was here last week and told us Louisiana has done more In tramload tiré prevention than any »täte he had visited." The Colony Diary Being a Daily Report of Colony Life at Llano. Wednesday, June 15—As the gener al work on the place is running about as usual, I want to tell you something about the poor, down-trodden office force and their work. The office force in the Colony' is just sufficient to car ry on our business and keep our ac counts in good shape, look to the sub scription lists' of our papers, etc. Com rade Burton is the bird that we lay all our mistakes upon for he is the head of the bookkeeping department, espe cially/ taking care of the corporation business and the individual accounts. You. see, our members use our main of fice as a banking place, which permits the Colony to use all private funds for Colony use until the colonists have use fcr their own money. Comrade Will hide keeps the Colony books for all departments and general accounts on the ranch. Mrs. Dougherty is the Col ony timekeeper, helps on the publica tions, and assists in any other office work necessary. The girls, Rosa Matz, Louise Belohradsky, and Myrtle Kemp, are our stenographers. They are all school girls, doing the letter writing as their industrial work. • At the present lime there is no one to assist them to advance in this work, but we hope scon to,have some one competent to make this work of more value to the girls and, of course, more interesting. _ My part cf the work is to look after the correspondence, membership d e part ment, etc., and I must say this crew has always been able to get along well enough to put- up with me with out a fight or quarrel. It is hard to figure how this is done unless it is be cause we are kept so busy we have no no time to interfere with each other s affairs or look for trouble- Well, this bunch (r^elf excepted) are capable workers! " dont think they do their pH; w fr iss y° ur « ues . 8 / need more help at Sie office, but if oth er departments were well supplied with help it would lift our burdens. No one here calls our office force para sites or white collared guys. No, in the future, if your letters have mis takes in them, just consider what we mean and 'that we couldn't help it. * * * * t ' Thursday, June 16—The weather has been fine for several days and the farm work is being rushed. Again the orchard has been thoroughly disced, ready A/ant it to soy beans. North of th S chard the ground is being pre par< about 9 acres of peanuts. The ifttom land west of the orchard where our late sweet potatoes were raised last year, will be planted to sor ghum at once, if no more rain comes. The ten acres west of the dairy, that was cleared last fall, has been plowed and is ready to disc and plant, but this will be done later, as the bottom land must be planted before more rain comes. All this work except the plant ing and cultivating is being done with tractor power; it is of great value to SURVEY OF PINE TIMBER REVEALS QUICK GROWTH STATE UNDERTAKES INTEREST ING STUDY. Alexandria, La.—How fast does a pine tree grow? Does a shortleaf grow faster than a longleaf? How many cords of wood will stand on an acre of ground at the end of fifteen or twenty years? How long does it take to grow a saw log? These and a number of similar ques tions will de definitely answered, at least for Louisiana, when a field party from the State Department of Conservation completes a survey covering most of the second-growth piney woods of Louisiana. The re sults of these studies, when combined with similar studies being made 1 a other Southern states, will, be pub lished for the use of timber owner» throughout the South. The men now at work in this state are S. A. Tra fant, Jr., of New Orleans, and W. H. Thompson, of Olla, LaSalle Parish. During the past month they have been measuring stands in Calcasieu, Beau regard and Vernon Parishes, and are now working out of here. They report surprisingly rapid growth in young stands on old fields and cut-over land. The growth of virgin timber is very much slower. He that outgrows his weaknesses shall gain a valuable character. 'us to own these two Fordsons and the farm equipment we use with them. The stump-pulling crew have been building a fence around the large lot to keep away outside stock and furnish much pasture for our own horses, and mules. Some day, we expect to park this place and make it a beauty spot This fence work has been done of mornings, while the stump crew goes into the fields in the p.m. Hoeing is being done among the sweet potatoes, the cane, corn, and other field crops, and if we have no more rain soon, we will again be caught up with our work. We could use more farmers all the time if we had them, as the raising of focd is the one big job that means eats for humans and for stock. The psychological meeting was a big one tonight and the general talk was upon the economic problems of the Colony and of the world, and how we should look into their solution. It is our intention to produce all our own food, clothing, and shelter right here as soon as we can and make ourselves free from outside exploitation. We believe the time will soon come when the problem of food will compel us to raise what we get and that other sec tions of the country will be forced to do the same. Then is when our efforts will show to the gfcatest advantage. We are now having a better variety of fcod than a vast majority of our com rades who are outside. * * * * . Friday, June 1 7—The fence crew is almost through with the. new fence and the general farm work is on as usual. Lindsey was called down the country to vaccinate some hogs at Pickering. The saw mill crew is getting out lumber and material for making sweet potato crates, as we expect to have several large orders soon. Another car load of bran, shorts, corn chops, kaffir corn, and wheat arrived on our switch to be unloaded and sold through the store- The wheat will be ground into whole-wheat flour and used for mak ing whole -wheat I bread. We are at tempting to make cur fc*>d products the best and this is a great improve ment over the bolted white flour. Good food means better health and more man power. Some of the construction gang is still at work fixing, a water system at the dairy- Thri Montesorri school is now running smoothly with a good set of teachers. M rs. Willhide, Mrs. Collingwood, Trix Ewell and Myr tle Kemp are regular in their work thare. Mrs. Willhide is putting in full time, the others, only part time in this work. The little folks are enjoying the work and are already making a fine display of their handiness in making pretty things as well as drawing pic tures. No greater calling could befall any one than to be able to start little folks along the right path of becoming (Continued on last page) THE LIBEL There is no crime against the human race More terrible than age—to take new gold Perfect and pure from the eternal mould And stamp so huge a falsehood on its face. How dare we halt and shrivel with the years? How dare we bcw to death, decay, and age, When Life that thunders through a million spheres, Terrific torrent of creative rage. Sings in our sinews, laughs within the blood. Cries, "Counterfeit!" to man's poor tale of blight; v Shouts, "I can make you over in a night. If ye but yield to my renewing flood." 0 Man, predestined creature of the sun. Speak in thy might, but. the stupendous Truth— Thy Thought, thy will, thine aim and Nature's one— And thou shalt know at last eternal youth! I AGE PLANTS. EXPERTS CONDEMN RANGE FIRES SAY THEY DESTROY BETTER FOR New Orleans, La.—Copies of a re port reaching forestry officials here from the U. S. Department of Agri culture greatly strengthen the stand taken by the State foresters against woods and grass fires. Few people have denied in the past that annual fires, burning at any and every sea son, have kept millions of acres of Louisiana cut-over land from reforest» ing. Bulletin 827 of the Federal Bu reau of Animal Husbandry, issued May 26, now condemns fire as "the •worst enemy of the spread of carpet grass and lespedeza," and remarks that "the ranges deteriorate rather than improve so long as fire runs over them annually." The bulletin, which Is the last word in the study of the possibilities of cattle raising on piney woods range, flatly denies that burn ing the range in the spring makes earlier grazing, saying, "as a matter of fact, the grazing on burnt-over ranges is no earlier and may be con siderably, retarded." LA. STRAWBERRY CROP IS LARGEST IN HISTORY i Unofficial returns on the strawber ry crop of Tangipahoa Parish show that over one million crates of berries have been shipped during the longest season on record. More than 1,400 cars were shipped at an average of 700 crates to the car with the berries bringing an average of $3.50 per crate. This means that the crop yielded ov er $3,500,000.00 for this parish, which has in the past year stood third in the United States in the returns in dollars and cents from acres in cultivation. The first is Los Angeles county, Cal ifornia, due unquestionably to its cit rus fruits, and the second is Lancas ter county, Pennsylvania, due in large measure to its large amount of truck grown and its splendid system of dis tribution, all the towns of the county having curb markets. These figures are based on government returns for 1920. If this parish did so well when the crop was short ; this year when the strawberry crop alone is over three and one-half million dollars, it ought to rank first The strawberry section in Tangipa hoa is a piney woods section that was not thought suitable for agricultural enterprises until, by co-operative ef forts and co-operative selling made possible by the Farmers' Association, it has grown to be one of the leading par ishes in the United States. CO-OPERATORS GET COAL . AT COST OF PRODUCTION Announcement that stockholders in the Consumers' Coal Company at Blocker, Okla., can obtain coal at cost of production from the Brooks. Coal Company, Blocker, Okla., was made Wednesday by W. W. Moore, promotet - of the co-operative coal buyers' asso ciation COLONY GETS DEED TO STABLES TOWNSITE T . c , ! l lne Llano Lolony marked anothçr milestone in its history in Vernon Par ish Saturday, June *8th, when the Gulf Lumber Company deeded to the Llano Collony Company the forty acres of land along the railroad track. This gives the colonists title to the old town of Stables, the site where the mill stood, and it includes the two story hotel, the eight-room hospital, several other good houses—about a dozen of them—, three large sheds, a four-cell dry kiln which has been con verted into a theater, two sweet pota to evaporators, and a brick dryer, a concrete power house, other sheds, the commissary and office buildings. This is in addition to the 2,000 acres purchased in May from the Gulf Lum ber Company- V The deeding of this land to the col onists will enable them to continue with their plans &o erect a large brick ho tel on this site. Also it will allow them to dedicate a right of way to the- state for the purpose of making the new state highway. The Gulf Lumber Company estima ted this forty acres at a valuation of $50,000. Llano Personals Mrs. Frances Wrenshall, who has been in the Colony for some time, left Thursday for parts unknown, much to the gratification of the colonists. * * * * Al Haynes, after a year's stay in the Colony, left Friday for his home in Peekskill, N. Y., by way of Florida. * * * * Harry C. Bell, with his father, who previously were in the Llano Colony in California, came back home last Sat urday night from Canada, where they have been active in the co-operative movement- ' * # * * Clinton Landberg, one of the school boys, fell from a horse at fhe dairy Sunday when herding the cows, and broke his forearm. Dr. Ferree adjust ed the fracture and the arm is do ing fine. * # * * Mr. and Mrs. Winters, from Sask atchewan, Canada, arrived on the early morning train Wednesday. They pur pose to stay here a while. Both are interested in co-operative work, having organized co-operative stores success fully. # # * * Mr. John He-over, who claims no re lationship to Herbert Hoover of corn meal fame, arrived this week from Idaho, and is pleased with the colony prospects, so that he will stay a while. * » « « Writing from Athens, Texas, Uncle Jfke Rhodes says times are very des perate in that section, and the crops are not at all good. ,He is lecturing for the Colony, and getting subscrip tions to The Llano Colonist. STATE CONSTITUTION IS FINALLY PASSED 137 TO 1 By a vote of 137 to 1 the new con stitution for the state of Louisiana was passed by the Constitutional Conven tion last Saturday afternoon. The one delegate voting against its adoption was George T- Martin of Caldwell Parish, who said he would not vote for anything that he was not willing to submit to the people for ratification. Former governor Pleasant alos did not sign the new constitution, because he thought the oil interests were al lowed to read into the constitution their desires for the severance tax at a low rate. "The tax involves millions of dollars each year, and is one of the principal parts of the state taxes, and should have been handled squarely on its I merits without being influenced in any manner whatever by any officials of the state government." What the Convention Did and What They Did Not Do Here are some of the notable things which the Constitutional Convention at Baton Rouge accomplished. Reorganized the state judiciary; in creasing the supreme court from five ÏLITïï? L r ff| UCed ^strict courts from 37 to 29; provided for complete clearing of judicial calendars within the next three years. Building great state highways sys tem on license tax on motor cars and two cents gasoline tax, yielding about $5,000,000 a year. Limiting rate of state taxation to 5J/4 mills, with possible limit of 5% mills; providing for classified property tax and income tax of 3 per cent after 1924. Severance tax, 2 per cent for state, f per cent for parishes, up to $200, 000. Creating new suffrage qualifications —education, intelligence and under standing clauses, created 63 registrars, elected by police juries, subject to re moval. New educational system, creating a state board, supervisory powers over all; eight members elective, three ap pointive by board. Allocated Zi mill to L- S. U. and A. M. College after January 1, 1925, and $700,000 to other state institutions. Allocated $5,000,000 out of sever ance tax from June 30, 1922 to Jan uary 1, 1925, for building a greater agricultural college. Abolished railroad commission; cre ated state public service commission with powers. Inserted inhibition against aliens owning land in Louisiana. Virile impeachment and removal; JOB PRINTING Of The Better Kind The Printing Plant of the Vernon Parish Democrat has been replenished and reorganized, and they are now able to exe cute all manner of Job Work in quick time. There will be no better printing obtainable than the Dem ocrat kind. Franklin Prices The Franklin Printing Price List is used by the Democrat. This list is compiled by experts and covers almost every line of printing. With this list in use we are assured of a reason able profit on each piece of work and the consumer is pro tected against overcharge. GOOD WORK OUR MOTTO: FAIR PRICES QUICK SERVICE Send Your Printing to THE DEMOCRAT PLANT AT NEWLLANO COLONY Phone 179 addressing officers put of vided. Giving Governor ten days to sign bills. Complete revision of municipal parochial laws, granting elastic tions in parish government. Softened third degree methods bill of rights. Adopted minimum wage. Increased rate on state and dis bonds from five to six per cent. Extended penal system, purchasing 5000 acres at Angola Cut down legislature house from 118 to 100, senate from 41 to. 39. All local health boards made sub ordinate to state board, and increased state board from five to eight, thre laymen. Raised homestead exemptions to $1,000. Agriculture and conservation made organic law. Levee system maintained, merger | rejected. Providing for mother's pensions. Municipal ownership of ice plants; curbing trusts. t Confederate pensions increased; $130 limit at Soldiers' Home lifted. Here are a few of the things which the Constitutional Convention did not do: It did not prevent the mayor cf New 0l lean7 from^ucTeeding' ÏÏmself--' -the only specific thing requested by Gov ernor Parker in his speech before the convention opening day, March 1st. It did not observe the "gentlemen's agreement m severance tax. It did not create a civil service board "to destroy the New Orleans ■'mg. It did not adopt the unit voting system It did not raise the governor's salary to $10,000. Did net changr : ... time of tv'-inw slate ».••lion in Lf uisiana fron <\i riJ to November. Did not change the time of meeting of the State Legislature from M t> to January. Did not cnact anj new racehorse ot gamb!-ng lestriclions. Did not order commission form ol government for |v>»;sbes. Did not abolish the justices of the peace. D-d not abolish police jun: bu* left optional clai--c. Did not reduce s? 'aries nor the num ber of officials except in courts. Did not submit the new constitu tion to the people. Co-operation can be put in practice now without waiting on a majority. Why not jump in and help make a be ginning ?