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Vernon Parish Democrat
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY AT LEESVILLE, LOUISIANA GEORGE E. CANTRELL—Editor and Manager Entered at second cl»> matter July 14, 1919, at the poaloffice in Newllano Louisiana, under act of March 3, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE $1.50 PER YEAR Foreign Subscription«—Canada, $1.75; other foreign countries, $2.00 per year. Make all remittances payable to the Vernon Parish Democrat. Leesville, La. RENEWALS AND CHANGES OF ADDRESS—When renewing always give the name as it appears on your label. When changing address you must always give the OLD as well as the New addrss. This paper is not responsible for the views expressed in communica tions. It is useless to send us your letters unless you sign your name as an evidence of good faith and not necwsarily for publication. WHY PRICES ARE HIGH The administration has found what rt believes to be one of the principal causes for the high cost of living. And in finding it, there is also found an answer to the question continual ly being asked by the farmers: "Why is it that everything we have to buy still has the war-time price tag attach ed, while everything we sell is down to rock bottom in price?" The answer, according to surveys "al ready made by the department of jus tice and the department of commerce, is found in the 400 odd associations organized along industrial lines which have not disbanded since the war and which are still operating under "ami cable understandings" and "gentle men's agreements," regarding prices and selling territories. The investigation of these associa tions by government agents has so far only tapped the surface of conditions, but they have disclosed enough to war rant Attorney General Dougherty an nouncing to-day that anti-trust pro ceedings are going to be brought against several of the more open "com binations." WE "S0RTA" TAKE TO EACH OTHER Perhaps one reason farmers like to deal with us is because we like to deal with them. We like to talk over their prob lems and to get their good, practical viewpoint on things in general. Occasionally, because of our af filiations all over the United States, we are able to be of considerable help with sound financial advice. When we are—they're glad and we're glad. FIRST STATE BANK Leesville, La. 100,000 New Bricks For Sale OLE SYNOGROUND, LLAN.0 COLONY. LEESVILLE The Llano brick yard has just opened a new kiln of 100,000 brick, which are as fine brick as eyer were burned. Priced low at the kiln; or will deliver into Leesville. Call and see them. Attorney General Dougherty charac terized some of these associations as the most ingenious schemes he ever saw. So cleverly have the associa tions been made among various com peting businesses that in many cases there is grave doubt whether they can be dissolved under existing laws and in such instances, he said, moral sua sion is being attempted. If they are recalcitrant and stubborn, then the government will take them into court under civil and criminal statutes. » Lumber and coal men, cement men, clothing men, manufacturers engaged in the same line—all have their asso ciations, their organizations and their "understandings." The farmer has none of these, broadly speaking, and therein lies the cause for the present wide difference between the price of the product the farmer has to sell and the product he has to buy. Whether these organizations come within the pale of the anti-trust laws will be discussed in the courts- The administration leaders think they do. —The Southland Farmer. Elmer Murrell, wife and 'wo sons, are recent additions to the colony, driving in from Atoka, Okla. The Story of Our States Br JONATHAN BRACE V.—CONNECTICUT Connecti cut stands unique as prob ably the first state which was created In the world by a writ ten constitution. It was - really an offshoot from Massachusetts, for in 1636 there was dissatisfaction over the form of government among the Puri tans in Cambridge, Watertown and Dorchester, the three towns surrounding Boston. a large part of these three towns, there fore, decided to Journey to the Connecticut valley, as they had heard that there was to be found excellent farm land, and the Dutch from New Netherlands had been forced out the previous year by the erection by the Eng lish of a fort a^ Saybrook at the mouth of the river. The Cam bridge people, under the leader ship of their pastor, Hooker, founded Hartford, the Dorches ter people settled Windsor, and those from Watertown estab lished Wethersfield. For a few years they remained a part of Massachusetts, but early in 1639 the people of these three towns met and drew up a written con stitution and agreed to govern themselves. Meanwhile, in 1638, a large company of colonists un der the leadership of John Dav enport arrived from England and settled the town of New Haven, later spreading to Milford and Stamford. These two distinct colonies were later united and took the name of Connecticut from its principal river. This is an Algonquin Indian name mean ing "long river." It bec-am? the fifth state to join the Union when it adopted the Constitution on January 9, 1788. It is some times called the Land of Steady Habits, but is more popularly known as the Nutmeg state from the humorous accusation that its peddlers were accustomed to palm off wooden nutmegs to their customers. The area of Connecticut is 4,965 square miles, the third smallest of our states. Its population, however, entitles it to seven electoral votes for president. ((c) by McCluro Newspaper Syndicate.) THE FARMER'S BUYING POWER The question, "What's the matter with business?" can be answered roughly with this simple statement of facts: In 1914, 20 bushels of corn would buy a ton of pig iron. In 1921, 45 bushels of corn will buy a ton of pig iron. This formula sets out the relation between the purchasing power of the farmer and the stuff he has to buy. What is true of the corn farmer is ap proximately true of cotton, wool, and livestock raisers. It is true in large degree for all dealers in raw materials. Why the farmer isn't buying as us ual is not a matter of psychology, or mood, or anything of that sort. He was exchanging his products for manu factured articles on a normal business basis before the war when he could buy his goods, that we represent by a ton of pig iron, with 20 bushels of corn. Obviously, no matter how dis posed he might be to buy to-day, his purchasing power is slashed to pieces when it takes 45 bushels of corn to buy what he could have bought in 1914 for 20 bushels* The farm purchasing power is the biggest single block of purchasing power in the country. The manufac turer can't run his factories on a nor mal basis when his farm market is cut in two. The balance between farm and factory, farm and city, must be more nearly restored for business to get into a healthy condition. The situation isn't an easy one or pleasant- But it is impossible to get away from the fact that business as usual can't go on until costs come down within the farmer's reach. Pro fits generally have been radically re duced. In many businesses they have vanished. Is there any way for costs to come down further without increas ing efficiency of production or de creasing v/ages? Wouldn't a man be better off to be employed full time on smaller wages than to be out of work or working three days a week with a higher scale?—The Southland Farmer. 36-HOUR WEEK ADVOCATED TO ELIMINATE UNEMPLOYMENT New York.—The 36-hour week as a remedy for the unemployment situ ation in New York is proposed by the weekly newspaper "Justice," the or gan of the International Ladies' Gar ment Workers' Union. This, and complete abolition of overtime during the period of business depression, h urged to combat what the editorial terms the "fearful menace to the very (existence of the labor movement" in the 400,000 unemployed persons in New York. It further emphasizes the 'assertion that the situation must not be left to the municipality to meet. "Union men and women," it says, "must do something themselves. They must strictly observe in their shops and factories that the principle of equal division of work is scrupulously lived up to. In the local unions of our In ternationa] this rule of dividing work in slack time has been observed for a number of years. Why not apply the same principles in all other industries? Aid to the unemployed is not a mat ter of charity for the unions of New York; it is a mattet of self-defense." The greatest events of an age are its best thoughts- Thought finds its way into action.—Boise. »Classified Section FOR SALE—160 acres in Minneso ta; clay soil. About 40 acres in wood? and 50 acres in cultivation; 35 acres fenced; rest in wild hay meadow. Fair set of buildingc; drilled well, soft wa ter; windmill. Phone in house- Mail at door; school one mile; Hazel, 8 miles; Thief River Falls, 12 mines. Price, $40.00 an acre—($6,400.00) Terms on $2,500 at 7% Will accept Colony stock at par, up to $1900, as part payment. Land is leveL; can all be cultivated; and is nearly free of stones. — CARL J. SWANSON, Star Rte., Hazel, Minn. TO EXCHANGE.—An accordion, Vi enna style; three row keys; 12 base, for a chromatic scale accordion. Or will sell.—Address George Matz, New llano, via Leesville, La. 46 FOR SALE or Exchange:—112 A. located at Una, Arkansas; some level, some rolling; mostly sandy loam; ex cellent for fruit, garden, and' beiTies; red clay foundation. 70 acres fenced and under cultivation. Lots of fruit apples, peaches, etc. Plenty of hard wood timber. Good five-room house; barn, and good bored welL Will ex change for stock in Llano Colony or sell for $2500 cash. Owner, Kilgore Horn. Address Geo. T. Pickett. 41. FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE for Col ony stock.—A good ranch in Colorado. 40 acres in cultivation ; good house and barn with corrals, corn crib, gran r.ry, and a tool house; hog pen, etc.; three good horses, harness and tools. A bargain.—Write or see Geo. T. Pick ett, Llano Colony. 3^ FOR SALE.—500 acres: 30 in culti vation; lots of good timber on bal ance; good house; two tenant houses. $10,500 for all.—See G. T. Pickett. Llano Colony. 38 FOR SALE—Forty acres located near Pickering; hog fenced; $800.00 cash.—See G. T. Pickett, Llano Col ony, Leesville. FOR SALE—102 acres; 32 acres cultivated; 2 good houses; 2 barns. Price, $5000. Close to Colony hotel. —George T. Pickett. 39 FOR SALE—200 acres near Picker ing; 30 acres in cultivation; good tim ber on the balance; hummock and black land; good six room house with two brick fireplaces; a bargain at $4500.—See Pickett Llano Colony.32 FOR SALE—Adjoining Colony land, 229 acres; all timber; house, barn, smoke house; 14 acres under fence. Will sell for $15.00 per acre. See Pickett, Llano Colony. 33 FOR SALE—55-acre farm near Pick ering; 45 acres cleared of stumps, well-fenced and cultivated; family or chard of mixed fruits; two good hous es; barns and other buildings. Price $3,300.—See G. T. Pickett, Llano FOR SALE—20-acre farm south of Pickering; 12 acres cleared; 6 more under cultivation; good house and fair barn; team, wagon, and tools, al so. $1,000— Se G. T. Pickett, Llano Colony. FOR SALE—East and south of Pick ering, one mile south of Sharpe's place, 60 acres, 20 acres cleared of stumps except seven trees; low land; good house with well, (high) 40 ac res timber; two new barns. $2,000. Will accept some cash and terms on balance.—See G. T. Pickett, Llano Colony. FOR SALE.—11 acres of land in city limits of Leesville; all in cultivation. 7-room house, barn, and poultry yard; I-horse wagon and tools; 4 hogs sub ject to register. Price $6000.—See G. T. Pickett. 40 FOR SALE—200 acres of land; 60 acres under cultivation; house, barn, and sheds. Lots of good timber. Price, $20 per acre. A good buy and should have quick action.—-See Pick ett. 34 A Story With a Message for Co-operators The dominant thought of the Llano Co-operative Colony is that it shall be an association of workers banded together to protect the in terests of each and of all in such a manner that they may secure the entire result of their labor, using such methods and devices as shall be* necessary to accomplish this end. In order to make this possible, it was necessary that a favorable location blessed with natural re sources should be secured. The Llano Co-operative Colony is located on a 20,000-acre tract of land in the healthful Highlands of Western Louisiana, two miles from Leesville, the county seat of Vernon Parish. It is about 15 miles from the Sabine Rivei, 100 miles from Shreveport, and nearly 300 miles from New Orleans. The Kansas City Southern Railway runs through the tract. The Highlands at this place are gently-rolling hills, giving perfect drainage,—which is a very important thing. Health reports, as well as the experience of the colonists during more than three years, indi cate that health conditions here will compare favorably wi.h those in any section of the United Stales. No sickness has been exper ienced which can be attributed to location or climate. The Colony contracted to purchase 20,000 acres on very advan tageous terms. Five thousand acres have already been deeded to the Colony. In making the contract of purchase of this tract, the stores and buildings of a former lumber town were included. Among them are the hotel, with its dining room and kitchen, rooms for guests and the library; two great sheds; two large barns; a store; an office building ; dozens of small houses ; hundreds of thousands of feet of lumber; a concrete power house; a four-cell dry house; and other buildings. The value of these buildings to the Colony is almost incalculable; as they now house inhabitants and industries. Resident members of the Colony are in direct control of its in dustrial activities. An executive board of directors are chosen each year and may be removed by a vote of the members. In turn this executive board selects the heads of departments, who are respon sible to the board for the conduct of their work. The aim of the Colony is to make i s community life as enjoyable as possible. In this it has succeeded admirably. The many education al advantages for both children and adults are noteworthy. The equality of all, the common interest in the prosperity and progress made, the social equality, the equality of allowance made for living costs, the freedom from worry, the spirit of the undertaking which will erect a new method of* living—these are the features of the colony life which grip. Eight hours a day, an allowance made so that children learn independence, everything sold as nearly cost as possible, the elimination of profit and rent, the sane, happy, carefree life of the in habitants impress all visitors. Never before did any community possess such advantages, such prospects, such a pleasant life as does this one. As the most direct basis for the support of the Colony, agricul ture comes first. Allied to agriculture is the dairy department, with its herd of 20 milk cows and 17 Holsteins, obtained on contract from the U. S. Government ; will soon develop into source of in come. To secure the greatest efficiency in the various farming op erations, and for logging two Fordson tractors have been added to the Colony equipment. Experience proves that garden truck of almost any kind, many fruits, berries, cotton, sweet potatoes, beans, corn, sugar cane, and peanuts do well, while rice, potatoes, and o.her crops may be grown for home uses. In this connection, the Colony last year harvested 3000 bushels of fine sweet potatoes, which were put into the evaporator house and cured. In the cane-growing, the Colony is very successful, having made I 700 gallons of pur« sugar cane syrup and 700 gallons of sorghum mo lasses last season. Recent harvests have proved to the colonists that soy beans, peanuts, and velvet beans make splendid crops and are rich in food value. An orchard of twenty acres has been planted, the fruit trees being supplied by the government. It is a natural berry country, and many kinds are found growing wild. The mild, long season is especially adaptable to the raising of live stock. The native grasses which grow rank among the timber and along the creeks, provide excellent feed for the greater part of the year. Better than some gold mines is a splendid bank of clay, suitable for brick and tile, right on the Colony's townsite. A modem brick making plant, having a capacity of 15,000 brick per day, has recently been installed. The bricks made are of excellent quality and find ready sale. Wi h the growth of this industry, it is now only a ques tion of time when the small frame structures of the lumber days will be replaced by commodious brick houses. Among the other industries being operated for the benefit of the community, are the following: Wood-working and handle-making machinery; blacksmith shop, and wagon-making department; steam laundry; broom-ntaking factory; shoe-repairing and harness-making shops; printing and publishing plant; bakery; butcher shop; general commissary; sweet potato-dry ing department ; hospital ; hotel ; swimming pool ; theater : and at various other seasons other work is done. Most of this has "beer accomplished in the last two years ; for the colonists have now learned how to co-operate and conquer their sel fish desires in favor of collective need. Not all "co-operators" can co-operate. They believe in co-operation, but it takes careful study and persistent training to eliminate the competitive spirit which has been drilled into them from youth. Thus, the Colony divides co-operators in'.o two general classes : One class may join the Colony and co-operate with their fellows com pletely: The other class desires to live near a co-operative commun ity, yet own their own land, tools, etc., desiring private ownership in tu l p n ^ S * Th ese may buy land near the Colony at $15 per acre. The Colony is now in a position to interest both' Those who wish to contt into the Colony may do so on the terms of membership given in another place on this page. Those who wish to own land may buy a Co-operative Farm, participating to an extent i n the co-operative advantages of the Colony. They may market their crops with the Lolony, enjoy the social advantages, and many of the educational advantages, with the privilege of exchanging land to be applied o n a membership if desired and if acceptable as members The Co-oper ative Colony will retain about 5,000 acres for itself. The idea is to build up a Co-operative Commonwealth. The colony employs agents, but does n ot authoihe them to close any transactions. Memberships should be taken out through the Membership department. Llano Cooperative Colony, Leesville, La. I ne colony wan's members. It wants people to become interested in this enterprise. No one makes any private profit. It is the opportun ity which co-operators have dreamed of. It is now an established tac 4 w !" y°" do y° ur part to extend the field of its influence? ... in,ent ''ng to visit the colony should get off the train at Stables. All trains s'.op here. You may not be able to purchase a ticket to this place; you may have to buy to Leesville, but you can get a ticket from Leesville here for ten cents without getting off the train. We meet all trains; the colony town is right on the railroad. Notify us when you expert to arrive if you can do so. _ y° u are interested, send for more information and ask such ques tions as you wish. Send stamps for reply. We want you to know about us and we want you to ask questions about everything not made clear to you. Literature sent free on request. Llano Coopérative, Colony LEESVILLE, LOUISIANA.