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THE HOME ADVOCATE.
T. C. LEWXI, Editor A Proprietor. PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY '—AT— FARMBRYILLE. LOUISIANA. "The Ameer of Afghanistan ba3 sum moned the muftis and ordered them to proclaim a jehad against Russia. This rips the yashmak off of his designs, and •oon we shall hear, perhaps, of his war ing the snnjik in the jehad, bodad." This is the way the Springfield (Mass.) Union mixes metaphors and lingoes. Boys as well as girls arc becoming •killed in cooking in one of the indus trial schools of the American Female Guardian Society in New York. The lessons are printed on cards, which the children receive one by one at the close of successive exercises, and forming a useful set of receipts at the end of a course. _ There is not an unmarried woman in Turkey who can both read and write the Turkish language, and there arc but few men who are able to do so. It requires six years of hard study to nrquire these accomplishment«. When you bear of a Turk with the title of bey prefixed to his name you may know he is one of the few educated men in that couutrv, as the title is only conferred upon those who can both read and write. In a suit tried recently in a California court to recover damages from a doctor for alleged malpractice in treating an in juredjbmb, Judge Presby gave, in bis charge, too following clear definition of physicians' 1'abilitics in such cases: "A physician of ordinary skill, exercising ordinary skill and care in his diagnosis, is never liable for any injurious conse quences which may result from mere errors of judgment, if he has honestly and carefully used such means as in his best judgment are deemed necessary." W. H. Greenhalgh of Aspinwall says concerning the Panama canal: "I went over the route of the canal two weeks ago, and I found M. do Lesseps' hopes of completing the work in three years not only improbable but impossible. He •ays in the interview that in three years vessels will be able to pass through the canal as easily as they now go through the Suez canal. The truth of the matter is that only fifteen miles of the canal have been cut out. Thirty miles still remain, part of which is a hill and a mile of which is of solid rock. They have already spent #200,000,000 on it, vq-dthe work at present is almost at a •tandstil 1 ." Two years ago a farmer iti Phelps, N. Y., died, leaving a widow, four chil dren, aud an $1800 mortgage on the farm. The eldest child, a boy of fif teen, set to work at once to try and carry on the farm, and, according to a local newspaper, he has succeeded re* markably well. He has ploughed the fields, sowed, cultivated and reaped; he has sole charge of a largo number of cattle and horses on the farm; he has managed a retail milk business, and has himself marketed all of the farm pro ducts. Last summer he found time after his work in the fields to paint the house twice over and to build five new fences. In the winter he not only at tends to the necessary work about the farm, but teaches a country school three miles away, tells timber in the woods on Saturdays, and writes excellent letters to the local newspapers. The farm is not only out of debt and in splendid condition, but the lad and his mother have enough money on hand to buy twenty moro acres of land. The French are about to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the introduction of railways,into their country, and the event has led to the production of many •tatistics, for the most part interesting, and some, of them very surprising, re garding the railway business. Estimates have been made of the enormous amount of money that has been expended throughout the world in the construc tion and equipment of railroads. In these figures, the United States naturally stands at the head. The railroads of this country have cost, it is estimated, sixty eight hundred million; those of England, thirty-six hundred million; those of France, twenty-four hundred million; those of Germany, twenty-two hundred million; those of Austria, six teen hundred million; and those of Rus ' «V twelve hundred million dollars. The Aim that would be reached by adding || T ml nfnrfiiTTfin of lets importance than those naiflcd would bo quite too largo for the mind to grasp*, although it might bo computed in figures. Mr. Mackcrson, of London, has perhaps come nearest to the comprehen sible estimate of this great amount by calculating that it would require forty powerful locomotives, all in a row, to draw the treasure, in silver dollars, which the railroads of the world have coat. As a general rulo it is not well to fear or forme temptation, but rather rest childlike in Gods arms, confident in bit MBstanoe. « a a The lingering idea that thé Arab horse, but for his inches, would be bet ter than his English brother, grows purely romautic every year. A contest occurred recently in Cairo between an Arab of recognized superiority and an English mare, the latter carrying fourteen pound* more weight, both of exactly the same height, and the Oriental champion, al though lie had been favorite,was beaten out of sight. Thus do the baseless fancies of the imagination fade away. It 13 intended to hold un internation.t congress on cremation in September of the present year. Tlio place selected for the gathering of these savants of various countries who are interested in cremation and cemetery hygiene is Mi lan, Italy. French will be the official language of the congress; but the speak ers, may, :f they like make use of any other language. Reports will be sub mitted as to the progress made in the practice of cremation in different coun tries, and the formation of au inter national league will be proposed. An exhibition of models of crematories, ; urn«, and other objects connected with j the campaign uow being conducted : against the present methods of dispos j mg of the dead will be ojicn during the j congress. 1 According to a "Washington eprrcs I pondent, there is in the Patent Office a lady clerk whom everybody declares to j closely resemble the President's wife. 1 .She was in a store a short time ngo, where she accidentally encountered Mrs. < Folsom. The latter is said to have j started as though very much surprised, j and inquired of otic of the clerks: "Who is that young lady who looks so much like my daughter, Mrs. Cleveland?'* Since it has gotten out that the Patent Office lady so much resembles the Presi dent's wife, the room in which she is employed is one of the most attractive in the whole bureau. People go out of their way in order to make it convenient to call there on some pretext or other, and when she appears in ono of the cor ridors she is at onco the cynosure of every eye. Vice-Consul Knight reports to the de partment of state concerning the Traits vaal, South Africa, gold fields, that the wonderful Siielba Reef has been eclipsed by another reef discovered last summer, and known as the Thomas Reef, samples of quartz weighing 3000 pounds, from ' which, it is claimed, yielded 148 ounces of gold. This discovery naturally gave j an impetus to prospecting on a large j scale, resulting in the discovery of mar i velously extensive rich gold quartz ! veins. The Vice-Consul says that he ! believes that the Transvaal fields, when j fully developed, will prove among the richest in the world. Recent discoveries have naturally given rise to no end of I ; ! ! I : ; have naturally given rise to no end of speculation and mining ventures, and a great rush of capitalists, miners, and ad venturers has set in for the fields. Near the Shelba Reef a city, Ilarberton, has sprung up, as if by magic, numbering already 7000 to 8000 population, and is rapidly increasing. The report advises persons without means not to venture into the gold country unless they are practical miners, as the conditions ex isting are very hard and many will be doomed to bitter disappointment. Dr. Edward C. Spitzka of New York, says that in order to determine how great the danger of rabies or "hydropho bia" is in the United States, he lia3 care fully followed up all the newspaper re ports of alleged outbreaks of this dis ease, and "in not a single case has satis factory evidence of its existence been obtained. Notwithstanding every ef fort made by the writer to secure the observation of a single case of rab • ies in man or in the dog, not a single opportunity has offered itself during the last eight years, and in New York but one dog has been reported as rabid by competent authority since the dog-pouu l there has been opened." In regard to the symptoms that arc commonly sup posed to be characteristic of rabies in man, Dr. Spitzda adds: "It is incom prehoasiblc how the absurd theory could so long linger in medical treatises, that a dog by biting a man can inoculate him with canine characteristics, making him bark, snap, howl and ruti on all fours like a dog. It were as logical to claim that one bitten by a rattlesnake should hiss, grow rattles and a forked tongue, and wriggle on the floor. Dogs of War. The Prussians, who seem to press everything into the service of their army, have now impressed "watch-dogs." The "watch-dog battalion" is trained to carry news from the advance posts to the main body in despatches tied round their necks. They are also employed to ^gen the outposts of an advancing cnemy-ih tho night, and to hunt up woundcd N fflea or stragglers. Tho dog* are attachcd tP each company of chaa seurs.— [Casseîî:^ A Domestic's Mistake. Omaha man—What'i.tho matter with the windows. I can't see through them. Omaha dame—It's that new giri. "Did she get mad and plaster ttsm with mud?" "No, she washed them."—[Omahi World. Cowslips. •Vlisn mists beside the river kneel, Like still gray nuns at matins. And catkins o'er Ibo willows steal, All dres ed in silvery satins, lVfore the soldier-reeds unbind i'beir swords to tilt against the wind. Before the grass begins to to-«, Its pretty fancies thrilling. Or buttercups and yellow float Enough to make their frilling. The cowslips sit in golden crowds Beneath dim April's frowning clonds. Alone within the fields they hide; No lover that way lingers; T he alders by the brooklet's side Y lteach down tleir long brown fingers^ One lonely robin on the wing, *•! Is calliug plaintively for spring. Butstill, as brave and glad are they As any summer beauty; T hey ask no rosy holiday; They smile for that's their duty, Vnd all the meadow's gladness lies Within their brave and shining eyes. They promiso days in one bright wreath Of bloom and sunbeams airy; The sweetness of their fresh young breath They give the showers to carry To lonely homesteads near and far, Where hearts that long for spring-time are. As if't were dow, the ia>n-drops wet They take with cheery lightness, None praise them; but, with fair pride yet. They wear their homely brightness. For truest courage has its birth in an inward s?nso of worth. —[Susan Hartley Swott, in St Nicholas. CHRISTIE'S_NEW DRESS. Pretty Christie Burgess was the daughter of the widow with whom j boarded. I was a confidential friend of both mother and daughter aud knew that, like myself, they had known bet ter days. Somewhere in California there was an Uncle Charles, Mrs. Bur gess's brother, who would keep them, they were sure, had he known their cir cumstances, but whose address they could not tell, and who knew nothing of their having left their former handsome home. Some of Mrs. Burgess's former friends ° had visited her and oce of them, Mrs. Wharton had sent Christie an invitation to a party at her house. As soon as it was positively decided that she could not go, because a new evening dress could not be thought of, I resolved upon the awful extravagance of presenting the pretty girl with a dress. It was worth it all to see Christie when I called her to my room on the afternoon of the eventful day and in troduced her to the fiery spread out upon my bed. "I have some jewels here, Christie, I am going to lend you for this evening," said I. "Oh, how pretty aud how odd 1" she cried. "Were they made to order, Mips Jane?" "Yes! They were a gift to me seven years ago, when I was your Mge, Christie." She looked at me wistfully when we I I 1 ! She looked at me wistfully when we were alone, her soft-brown eyes ques tioning my face; but slie asked no questions and went down to her mother, softly aud thoughtfully. Seven years before that night I had been left an orphan, hopeless and heart broken. I had no mother to share the grief, no sister or brother to lighten it. I was all alone. I was not a strong-minded girl to facéthc trouble, and so I shut myself up alone until the funeral, refusing to see even Charlie. Thea I ran away at night. I bad one friend in Cleveland to whom I dared confide all, and I went to her. I wrote to Charlie and told him I should never ask him to fulfill his vows to me and bade him farewell. For days after I arrived at Cleveland 1 was utterly prostrated; but my friend was kind, as I knew sho would be, and when I was able to think aided me in all my plans. I had brought nothing from home but the ono mourning suit I had worn to the funeral and Charlie's car buncles. Mrs. Munroe bad been an old friend of my met ier*s, and had vis t d us more than once, always urging nu t > return fie visits, butjUuable to win my father's consent to part with me for so long a journey, for I was a three days' railway ride from my old home. As soon as I was able to undertake teaching, Mrs. Munroe exerted herself to procure me scholars, and I soon ha l a class that paid me an income sufficient for my modest wa. t . For six years I had a home in my friend's house, slie alone knowing tint Miss Jane Gray was the missing Ella Thorne advertised by her relatives, more to save their own reputation than from any interest in her fate. T, made, no doubt, a nine days' wonder Vin A-, and then my uncles, aunts And cousins probably forgot my exister, perhaps, was one of those but I waa resolved never ti fortunes with his. Wnen the death of my friend and benefactress was added to my list of sorrows, I was known enough in Cleve land to retain my scholars, and found a new borne with Mrs. Burgess. I was still sitting with locked door, brooding over the past, and unconscious that Christie had been gone three hours, .when Mrs. Burgess caqao to my room, demanding admittance in an excited voice. I opened the door at once. Charlie, eking me, share my ! j > \ "Oh, Miss Jane! Miss Jit;.!" she cried, "Charles has come I Charles has come! and he wants to see you!"' "Wants to sec me?" "Oh, yes! It's the strangest thing al together'. He has been here more than an hour; lie met Christie at the party; and, only think, he has been lernte over three month«, part of the tim: in A and part here, trying all the time to find us, so it was no wonder Christie's name struck him at once at the party. He ta ked to her a little while and then fame to me. But I am talking on, and forgetting that we are keeping him wait ing. Will you come down?" "But what can he possibly want of me?" "To thank you, I guess, for sending Christie to the party, lie knows slie could not have gone but fcr your kind ness." I went down stairs very slowly. i went into the dining-room first and there heard a little bustle of arrival. Christie had come and was again welcoming her uncle. There was no venerable white haired gentleman, such as I bad pictured tIris Uncle Charles, now standing b"fore Christie under the entry lamp. This man was tall and handsome, barely 30 years of age, in the full vigor of youth. Just as I saw him he was saying: "I could not ask you in those crowded rooms, Christie; but if you will unclasp that bracelet for me and let me see the initials engraved inside I shall be very glad. I—I saw a set like them once. They arc very odd; Miss Gray, you said?" "Yes; she lent them to me for this I evening." I "Slie—she—bought them of some one 1 did she not?" ! "Oh, no; they were a gift from a friend who invented the design. Here is the bracelet, Uncle Charles." His hand trembled so that lie could scarcely hold it while lie read the initials "C. It." to "E. T." 1 could not resist any longer. Try ing to steady my steps, I went to meet him. "Ella! my E 1 a I" That was the cry of iny faithful lover as he clasped me in his arms. "Mine again; mine!" he murmured. And I, in a dream of bliss that was al most delirium, could only lie there, too happy to speak. "But," said Christie, presently, "what is it all?" "She is my betrothed wife, lie an - swered, in a broken voice, "whom I have sought for seven long years, but now w 1 hold till death parts us," and ho strained me to him as if lie meant the words literally. "But why didn't you lei! u«, Mbs Jane," suit! Christie. 4 "How could I dream that vour Uncle Charles was my Charlie?" 1 said. "And now, how is it? Your-nanr- is not Bur gess, Charlie?" "No, but my half-brother's was." "Why, to be sure," said Mrs. Burg "we never tokl you that Charles was only a younger half-brother. His name is Reynolds. Well, Charles," she said, half laughing, a few minutes later, "I suppose Christie and I may retire into the background again." "Not sol" lie answered, quickly. "I am a rich man, Sister Mary, and know that the same generous spirit that took from a hard-earned pittance the sum to purchase an evening of pleasure for my little niece will be willing to share a husband's fortune with a widowed sister and her child. It is not so, Ella?" We bad a quiet wedding in the spring. Christie was my only bridesmaid; but we returned to A-, taking the widow and her daughter with u«. And, in my old home, among my old friends, I now preside, the happy wife of my first, my only love; while on festive occasions I still wear Charlie's carbanclcs. 5, I Frontier Marks. The frontier between Germany and France is more distinctly marked than that that of any other two countries. The frontier line is so arranged that it crosses every road at right angles. On the German side is a large post, twelve feet high, painted like a barber's pole, red, black and white, with a cross-piece at the top, with the word, in black let ters on a white ground, grenze, (boun ary) with an exclamation mark. Diago nally opposite is a cast iron post, tweivo feet high, whereupon is painted in graj-. on an iron cross-piece the word fron tière. Such posts are only p aced on roads and railways. The line is indica ted "across country" by stone blocks projecting about a foot above the ground at intervals of fifty yards. On the French side of the block is cut with a dii«el the letter "F," on the German side is the letter "D," for Deutchslnnd. lie Gave Up All Hope. "Prisoner," said a Nevada judge, whRt have you to say to this iudict ment; are you gnilty or not guilty?" "Before I answer the question, Judge, I'd like to ask your Honor if this Lttlo spectacled dude is all the lawyer I've got." 'T iatisMr. Ferguson,sir," responded the Judge sternly; "I have appointed him to defend you, as you seem to have no counsel." "Judge," said the prisoner, sighing heavily, "Pm guilty.'* • THE PAPAG0S. A Remarkable Tribe of Clirll lien Indians in Arizona. Au Agricultural Peopl \ Whose Greatest Enemies are the Apaches. The ! 'apages are a remarkable tribe of Iuili. rin«, who long ng° tiani 'v, and they mil: dow cd with great l*" v ' si uc -, living on tin l* ver dicadi-tl Apache c mritr 8»stc i! the "Apache attiu i'„ p; igo«, especial y * Ban X n ier, arc a g lieu' ■ndm nice, have those found near vate the lieh bottom-lands lying neat the Santa Cruz liver. Tncir dwelling« are straw jeaiis ^pronounced bi-ca's), which have generally a shed supported by poles in Iront of them. These Papa geis raise wheat, bariev, 1 leans, and garden truck, but their methods of ag riculture are very crude. Their tlircsh ing is carried on in the Oriental manner, by means of horse.«, and the winnowing is done by tossing the straw in the air. To grind their gra ; n the most primitive methods arc used, old women slowly working the grain into flour by means ot band stones. As potters they have some merit, thcii oil as, or water jugs, being excellent, and in great demand through out the region. They are a law abiding aud peaceable people, have always been friendly to the whites, and when emigrant trains were en route for California their protection has been often found of great service against roving Indians. It is probable that, at the instigation of the whites, they had a hand in the massacre of the Apaches at Camp Grant some twelve or fourteen years ago. That they have been inimical to the Apaches for a very long period is quite evident from the fact that even to-day, when an attack is hardly possible, a mounted sentry is in variably found in position on tbe high ground, and he scans the bills and plains around him. T.iey can hardly be called strictly honest, but if anything be left under their charge it is <are.ui'y guarded. Their religion is a strange mixture oi Catholicism and their older original be lief. ilie festivals of the Cuureh are observed, as are their own dances. Fiitii in their mediciue-uian or conjurer • .ill exists. There exists a curious law ol atonement: incase one man kills another, be may atone for his crime by fasting for forty days, and living away from a house, sleeping out on the hills. Their condition is not a fortunate one, as they have not been benefited by civiliz ing influences. Tiie administration of tho land laws is perplexing to them, and tlmre is an inclination oil the part ol tue white settlers to crowd them out. They occupy an anomalous condition, and not being the wards of the American people, are therefore not the recipients of either rations, clothes or money. The cathedral of Bun Xavier is an adobe church erected by the Franciscan order in 1797, and is situated on a desert plain twelve miles south of Tucson, Ari zona, not far from the Santa Cruzri^er. Its preservation to-day is remarkable, due t > the equable character of the cli mate und the absence of rains. No ser vice lias been held at the cathedral foi the last twelve years. The plan of tbe cathedral, with its flanking tower and wall, suggests the power to resist at tack, for at all times fho Apache must have been an enemy whose su id on at tacks were tv be dreaded. The interior j of the church is rudely decorated. The | altar ornamentations arc designs taken from Biblical saurces. Possibly the Franciscan fathers employed native tal- , ent, whose idea of art was but crude. The United States government has ■ appointed Mr. Hart as subagent among the Papagos, und he acts as school mas ter and doctor.—[Harper's Weekly. , ünriiig the Measles ily r. Tumble. One of the most remarkable patho logical cases on record lias just occurred j at Perigucux. A patient in the hos- : pital suffering from measles Jumped out of otic of the windows at I o'clock in | tbe morning, and fell a distance of four | or five yards into tho garden. He was j at the time at tbe period of the strongest j eruption. Awakened by the pain caused by the fall, he walk.si about in bis j nightshirt for some time, the ther mometer standing at eight degrees be- ; low the freezing point, until be sue- j ceeded in waking the concierge, when ! he returned to bed. Tbe'ncxt day his complaint had en- ; tirely disapp ared. This mode of cure, however, is not generally recommended j by the faculty.—[Paris G ilignani. The Whittling Judge. The newest idiosyncrasy of Judge Ilowe of Indianapolis is w" ttlirg, and while on the bench he works industri ously with his penknife. When knotty problems arise ho makes the shavings fly faster, but on ordinary occasions he labors in the easy fashion peculiar to the country store loafer. Ho carries a sup ply of soft pine in his pocket, an l every day when the court adj »urns the judicial scat is surrounded by shavings in quan tities large enough to make glad the heart of the engineer in the cellar.— [Chie«go Times. a , , CLIPPINGS FOR THE CURIO IS. Tradesman in Ireland means merely an artisan, a bricklayer, a carpenter. etc. The invention of the mowing machine dates back to 1831, when the "Mannm ; Mower" was perfected. Near Muskegon, Mich., liiere is a p ! ~' of laud which, from some old surveyor » blunder, is in no town or county if the United States. In Burnish a nun's m ik is hi own ■> the number of umbrellas he i-> u.-OAt-i. to carry, the Kmg limiting bin.*-If to g). The idea of taking pictures in profile originated with that taken of Autig'-nus 330 B. C., who, having but one > ye, le.l to this kind of picture to conceal 1rs physical defect. "Tabby cat" is all uuconsciou-. that her name is derived from Atab, a lani.nis street in Bagdad, inhabited by the m m ufacturers of silken stuffs called -obi ■•« taffety, the wavy markings of the watered silks resembling pussy s coat. Handel's oratorio, "The Messiah, re ceived its first performance in Dublin April 13, 1742. The great composer completed this masterpiece in twenty three days. The work of coii.poMtion was begun August 22 and finish«" ^ p leinbcr 14, 1741. Among the Copts the descendants of tbe inhabitants of ancient Egypt, tho notion is entertained to tins day tlia twins (until 10 or 12 years of ago it they go to bed hungry roam about in the guise of cits, their bodies lying «»« home apparently dead. A mechanical expert given to « uriou* investigations estimates that the tooting of a locomotive on the New York, New Haven and Hartford railroad, in an or dinary day's run, involves a waste of steam requiring the consumption of pounds of coal to renew, lie estimates the whistling expenses of that particular railway at $15,000 per year. The hump on the back of the drome dary consists chiefly of hard fat, and is a store of nourishment provided against the day of want, to which the animal, in a wild state, is often exposed. The dromedary or camel can exist for an ex tended period on tliis^hump without any food, and it will not «lie of want until the hump has been entirely absorbed. Removing the brain of a pigeon does not destroy its mental faculties. It can see, hear, feel, swallow food put in its mouth, but is incapable of originating any impulse. It will stand scfll ,u the attitude in which it is placed until it dies of starvation, but throw it in the air and it will fly. j | , ■ , j : | | j j j ; j ! ; j An Obliging Un hand. .Lady Arden complaint.-«« >3 a tooth ache. Ail tho remeilii'3 used or. such occasions were applied, but still she found no relief. At length sin: 1 i led on sending to Edinburgh, a distance of fifty miles from Clydesdale Castle, for a dentist to extract t lie suffering t«ioth, and when ho arrived sin- «iecl.i»« that her nerves were unequal to subni.tting to an operation unless she saw it performed ou st m i one else first. The few friends ailmitted to the sanctuary of her boudoir looked aghast at this declaration, each expecting to be called on, but aft-.r % silence of a few minutes and no one of fering, she told Lord Arden that he must have a tooth out, that «he might judge from his manner of supporting the operation if she could go through it. He appeared tmnzingly disconcerted, made a wry face and expostulated, but the lady insisted. The obedient hus band submitted, and a fine, sound tooth, was extracteil from his jaw, after which she declared that she had seen enough to convince her that she could not undergo a similar operation.—[Manchester Cou rier. A Highly Flattering Comparison. Children are very sympathetic. There's one «juite young who's got an aunt whom -.lie loves very dtarly, but the child does not understand ev« rything. Tin» aunt is single, but she «lees not hope to be so long, although judging by the child's remarks the po-ition of wife is likely to _ be a very trying one. The gentleman who is the object of flattering interest has been in the habit of making long and frequent call«. These calls the child has Studie l with sonn- regard t® the aunt she adores. The las: one the child nsdstcil at ended abruptly. ■"Aunty," she said sadly, "which would you rather do, talk t" Mi. done» or go to a funeral?" Mr. J<in«-s felt like making a subject for a funeral right then.—Ban Francis co Chronic!«-. ignite Friend y. "Don't you find the people around here veiy sociable," asked Cobwiggcr o a new neighbor. "Yes, indeed, I do," was the hearty response. "Only a moment ago, 1 met a beggar and he held out bis hand to me." —[Bazar. Ties that Bind. "Speaking of the ties that bin«!, there are ties which are not öfter, men tioned," observed the Ju Ige. "What are tlrey?" asked the Major. "They are the ties that bind the merchant to his customers—advertise." —Tid-B;ts.