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« Prepared by the Uni tod States Depart
ment of Agriculture.) General farming and live stork rais ing, "with a limited amount of dairying «»1 a good crop rotation is, on the av erage, the type most easily made proflt -able on meat farms in the northern edge of the corn belt. This is brought oat in a study made by a farm man agement specialist of the United States department of agriculture, of 300 own er farms and 153 tenant farms in Len awee county, Michigan, \yhich is typical -of southern Michigan, northwestern Ohio and northeastern Indiana. It was found that specialized dairy farms paid better normally than dairy and grain farms, but on the average did not pay as well as the combination of dairying and hog raising. Dairying with hogs and grain usually yielded better labor income than any other combination. The outstanding advan tages of this type as compared with others are greater diversity of income, « large percentage of receipts from sale of live stock and live stock prod mt Cattle and Corn—A Good Combination In Profitable Farming. acts, and a comparatively small per centage of the income from the sale of crops, because for the most part the craps are sold to better advantage by feeding them to live stock. The types -*f farming and the general conditions which prevail in this section make the size of a farm a very Important factor bearing on the income, according to the bulletin. There is also a direct re lation between the amount of capital invested and the labor income of the operator. Generally speaking, the larger the farm and the greater the in vestment, the greater the percentage or rate of income. 'The cropping system and the proper -distribution of crop area, it was learned, were Important factors in profitable farm management On the non profitable farms studied In this ^ te rritory, from 30 to GO per cent of the 'total crop area was in corn, an average -of TO ,per «ent la oats, an average'of J® per-cent in wheat, from 1 to 10 per '■cent in barley, and from 20 to 30 per i 3 «»t to fav As a result of the study It was found that the following rotation is well adapted to conditions in this area: First year, corn; second year, corn; third year, oats and barley; fourth year, wheat, and the fifth year, hay. Alfalfa is a valuable addition to the average cropping system and the bul letin suggests au Increase In the acre age of this crop throughout the region. »CREASE NUMBER OF COWS Atoiry Herds of All European Countries Depleted to Appalling Degree— We Must Help. <By CARL VROOMAN, Assistant Sec retary of Agriculture.) : The dairy herds of the old world awe depleted to an.appalling degree. There is not a country in Europe where the people have enough dairy produces, and this process of depletion Is going on every day, and every week, and every month, and will continue to go oh as long as this horrible war When the war is finished, we will -1M the world with a demand for dairy products twofold, fourfold, tenfold er than the supply. ■ope will come to us with out ta, every country in Eu to us: "We must have ; give us canned milk ; give us dry give us butter; giTe us cheese; \ dairy cattle; give us animals [ up our herds again." America has stimulated of dairy products, has eased her supply of dairy animals x beyond anything in the past, she (If ' itfhsrfr nnfthla tn mnnlv Ihta er it pc utterly unable to supply this e will supply as much of this as we they are going to be will to pay practically any reasonable j » for our live stock; and we will j > much of It that our own re- ! be exhausted, country wtU be withoai ^DAffiY dr*' ■w & m PROFITABLE ON MOST FARMS Dairying and Stock Raising Where Good Crop Rotation Is Practiced Are Recommended. Theso American aviators are consulting maps Just prior to starting upon a bombing expedition on Metz, the Alsatian capital. READV TO START OUT TO BOMB METZ s Wm Mm «at me R3 i «Mf m. 10,000 MORE HUNS TAKEN BY ALLIES HINDENBURG LINE NO LONGER BARS PATH FOR ALLIES—ENE MY COUNTER ATTACKING. Paris.—The Hindenburg line no longer bars the path of the allies. The definite rupture of it was achiev ed on the first day of the fighting in the new development toward the north of the great battle now raging from the Escaut to the Meuse. Nearly 10,000 German prisoners were taken prisoner by the allied forces in the fighting along the va rious fronts of the battlefield, says Marcel Hutin in the Echo de Paris. The Germans, he adds, are hurriedly evacuating the Argonne forest. The battle is continuing. German troops are counter-attack ing very heavily on the Suippe Riv er front in the Champagne and the French have not been able to make very much-progress. Our arm of the trap which is closing relentlessly on the Germans, that operated by Gen. Gourand, has secured important re sults in the teeth of desperate resist ance. While attacking the Suippe line frontally, Gen. Gouraud is turning it by marching on Machault and Juni ville and has arrived close to the for mer place. Consequently there is ev ery probability of his reaching the Brunilde line at the time when its westers continuation, the Handing line, is in danger. To complete the day's work Frau co-American forces moved up on the right flank of the Meuse, wog back places famous in the Verdun strug gle and got in line with the Ameri cans on the left bank, who are thus relieved of the galling flanking fire which had prevented them moving forward. The blows which Marshal Foch has delivered in rapid succession m the Champagne sector have not only wrested from the German most import ant positions which they have, held since 1914 at an inestimable sacrifice of men and material, but appear to have thrown gravest apprehension in to the ranks of the enemy. A Ger man soldier found in a ruined village surrendered trembling with f«er. "What are you afraid oft" hie cap tor inquired. "We are not going to harm you." With the acrid smell of blackened masonry in his nostrils, with smoke still rising from a village fired by his companions in plain sight and with puffs of blue smoke from German poisonous shells marking the line of the Suippe a little further back, t: captive rejoined: "But what will the French soldiers do when they get into Germany?" His interrogator merely remarked that it was noticeable that the Ger man soldier who has fired a French peasant's home after taking shelter in It for four years has no word of sympathy, excepting for his own peo ple to whom the war is coming nearer and nearer. With the crumbling line along the Aisne Canal north of Rheims and the line along the Vesle to the east, the Germans abandoned Nogent-la-Av besse, to the east of Rheics, and Bri mont to the north. These points have been the jailers of Rheims for four years. Will* Improve Army Camps. Washington. — Construction of ad ditions and improvements in army camps to cost 1949,417 were authoriz ed by the War Department. j j ! British Gun Boat (tank. London.—Fifty-tnree men are miss ing as a result of the sinking of a British torpedo gunboat In a collision with a merchant vessel September 30, according to an official statement issued by the British Admiralty. Alsatians Are Removed. Geneva.—German military authori ties have begun to remove the inxnth itants of Alsace, according to the Démocrate, in expectation of a Fran co American attack on the frontier. 5-MILE HOLE CUT IN HINDENBURG LINE ATTACKED ON FRONT BETWEEN CAMBRAI AND ST. QUENTIN MANY VILLAGES CAPTURED. London.—The Anglo-American of fensive on a seven-mile front in the St. Quentin sector has resultea in an advance at some places of four or five miles, according to the Standard'3 correspondent. Many villages and prisoners have been captured. On the right of the new advance Essigny.aud other villages have been taken. Many prisoners were captured. The battle, which began at dawn resulted in a serious defeat for the enemy. The British and Americans and French have advanced everywhere, smashing through the last lines of the Hinenburg system and driving the disorganized Germans before them. In some places, and espeically at Premont, which appears to have fal len to the Americans, the fighting :J lied troops penetrated the German lines for a distance of more than three miles and still are advancing. Premont is more than four miles northeast of Beaurevoir and only three miles from Rohain. American troops attacked near the point where the last line of the Hin dun burg system already has been smashed. Progress was made despite stiff machine gun opposition. Simultaneously the Third British army attacked on the front from Cam brai south along th-a continuation of the Masnieres-Beaurevoir line. There was a frontal attack on this line and ot the same time an effort to turn it at its northern extremity. The attacks of the two armies were converging operations, the general di rection of the thrusts being northeast ward. The assault was accompanied by one of the most terrific bombard ments of the war, the massed British cannon firing wheel to wheel. It had been necessary to'assemble the assaulting waves to the east of the Hindenburg line and to get the masses of men in through the intri cate and battered trench system in the dark. It was a task of extraordi nary difficulty, but it was accom plished well before the zero hour. Comparatively few tanks were em ployed. In fact, this was a night sur prise, and it must have minimized alike their opportunities and the nec essity for their assistance. The Anglo-American attack was launched at 2:30 o'clock in the more- j ing. In the darkness of the hour of s ; quiet moonless night 20 miles of gun3 suddenly crashed forth in a hideous dissonance. The enemy's artillery response was weak. This confirmed the Idea that the Germans steadily were withdraw ing their guns. Must Leave Bulgaria. Amsterdam. — Bulgaria notified the powers with which she had been allied that l bey must quit Bulgarian territory witkin a month, says a Sofia dispatch to the Berlin Tageblatt. Most of the Austrians have left Bul garia, the dispatch adds, and the Ger mans are leaving. Hospital Bombarded. Paris.—Many French soldiers were, killed or injured when a German air plane bombarded a hospital at Chal ons on the night of October 1-2. At the time of the raid German prison ers were being sheltered in the cellars of the hospitals. 10,500 Prisoners Taken. Havre.—In the operation in Flan ders since September 28. the Belgian, British and French forces have taken 10,500 prisoners, 350 guns and 600 Zmachine guns, Bays the official state ment from the Belgian war office. Germans Man Russian Ships. Amsterdam.—All of the ships for merly constituting Russia's Black Sea fleet are now manned by Germans, it was learned from German and Ros si an sources. "If one were to ask a native of Wei hai-wei what were the characteristics of British rule that he most appre ciated, one would perhaps expect him to emphasize the comparative freedom from petty extortion and tyranny, the obvious endeavor (not always success ful) to dispense even-handed justice, the facilities for trade, the, improve ment of means of communication. It was not an answer of this kind, how ever. that I received from an intelli gent and plain-spoken resident, to whom I put this question," R. F. John ston says in "Lion and Dragon in Northern China." "'What is it we like best in our British rulers? I will tell you.' he said. 'Our native roads are narrow pathways, and very often there is no room for two persons to pass unless one yields the road to the other. When our last rulers—the Japanese—met our small-footed women . . . along such a path they never stepped aside to let the woman pass by . . . An Eng lishman. on the contrary, whether mounted or on foot, always leaves the road to the woman. He will walk de liberately into a deep snowdrift rather than let a Chinese woman step off the dry path. We have come to under stand that the men of your honorable country all act in the same way, and this Is what we like about English men.' " WHAT APPEALED TO CHINESt Consideration Accorded Women by British Authorities Evidently Made Deep impression on Natives. WHY THEY ARE "DOUGHBOYS" Origin of Nickname Applied to United States Infantrymen Traced to Mexican War. j s ; The term "doughboy" as a nickname for the American infantryman is a very old one, dating back to the Mexi can war of 1846. In that year the United States regular soldiers first made acquaintanceship with the houses of mud-co!ored, sun-dried bricks that are seen everywhere, even today, in New Mexico, Arizona and the southern part of California. These bricks are called by the Mexi can adobes (pronounced "dobies"), a term also applied to the small, squat, flat-roofed houses built with them. When the American invaders en tered what was then Mexican terri tory, the infantrymen found these dwellings—mostly deserted by their panic-stricken Inhabitants—handy as billets, and promptly occupied them as such. But the cavalrymen, who had to be near tlieir picketed horses out on the open prairie, were unable to avail themselves of similar accommo dation. Partly in envy, and partly In good natured chaff, these christened their more fortunate comrades "dobic dodg ers," afterwards shortened to "dobies," a good, ronnd-sounding nickname that was bound to stick, and which in course of time became corrupted into "doughboys." John Burroughs' Rabbit. In July the woodchuck was forgot ten In our Interest In a little gray rab bit which we found nearly famished, writes John Burroughs. It was so small that It could sit in the hollow of one's hand. . - . We had tc force the milk into its mouth- But In a day or two it began to revive, and would lap the milk eagerly. Soon It took to grass and clover, and then to nibbling sweet apples and early pears. It grew rapidly, and was one of the softest and most harmless-looking pets I had ever seen. For a month or more the little rabbit was the only company I had, and It helped beguile the time Immensely. In coming in from the field or from my work, I seldom failed to bring It a handful of red clover blos soms, of which it became very fond. One day It fell slyly to licking my hand, and I discovered It wanted salt. I would then moisten my fingers, dip them into the salt, and offer them to the rabbit. How rapidly the delicate little tongue would play upon them, darting out to the right nnd left of the large front Incisors, the slender paws being pressed against my band as if to detain it. ! ■ I ! j ; I ! I ! j Tri-Color Not of Equal Proportion. It is evident from the appearance of the French flag as a pictorial dec oration that many artists are unaware that the tri-color does not consist of the three colors, blue, white and red, in equal proportion. When the famous flag was adopted in the year that gave the United States its Constitution, 1789, It was complained that due to nn optical Illusion, the white, in the middle, looked narrower at a distance, than the bine, which Is next to the staff, and that the red, on the fly end of the flag, looked narrower than the white. After numerous experiments,, the proportions of the colors were or dered to be. as they are now, "in every 100 parts, blue to be 30, white, 33 and red 37." Ladies Shave in Japan. There are many things the Japan ese do differently from onrselves. For Instance, ladles sit with their hands folded palms upward in Japan. They all shave. They never brush their hair, but only comb It. For the Eng lish "a thimbleful" the Japanese speak of "a sparrow's tear," and Instead of talking of putting a thing on the fire to cook, the Japanese speak of putting the fire through it A man never wishes his wife good morning first—a truly oriental touch. She greets him and he replies. A woman never speaks of her husband as such, She sneaks of "ths house." IfarH ANIMALS FATTEN CALVES FOR MARKET Tests Conducted by Bureau of Animal Industry and the Alabama Exper iment Station. ^Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) In cattle feeding contests conducted by the bureau of animal industry of the department of agriculture and the Alabama experiment station, covering a period of five years, the fattening of grade calves for market proved profit able in every test nmde. Cottonseed meal, cottonseed hulls and alfalfa hay proved to be an excel lent ration and a profitable one for fattening calves. Cottonseed meal and jc . iU M fflOT MBto'-ww.. w V- ii ii i nM-ur 88» m ' ■ m Stock Raicers Will Find It to Their Advantage to Take More Pains to Find Out Needs of Their Animals and Feed Them Accordingly. cottonseed hulls proved to be a good fa'toning ration for calves for a short feeding period. When fed in conjunction with cot tonseed meal, corn silage of rather poor quality produced the same daily gains on calves as did cottonseed hulls nnd cheapened the cost of the daily gains. The substitution of two-tldrds of the cottonseed meal in a ration with corn did not prove profitable when corn cost 70 cents a bushel and cottonseed meal $26 a ton. In one test It was profitable to re place one-third of the cottonseed meal with corn-and-cob meal, but in a sec ond test nothing was gained by the in troduction of corn-and-cob meal. The first year the calves which received corn-and-cob meal made slightly larger dally gains and sold for more than did the calves which received cot f onseed meal as the sole concentrate. The sec ond year the addition of corn to the ration did not increase the size of the daily gains, nor did the calves which received corn sell for any more per pound than the other calves, In a third test 52 high-grade Aber deen-Angus calves fed on a ration of about three pounds of cottonseed meal, two pounds of cowpea hay and as much cottonseed halls as they would eat made dally gains at a cost of $5.55 per hundred pounds and returned a net profit of $3.50 each. In a fourth experiment 34 calves which were fed for 112'days in the dry lot and then fed 89 days on pasture made good doily gains, bat the profits were cot as large as they would have been if the calves had been sold at the end of the winter,. The gains made during the summer were good and were made cheaply, but the price of calves was so much lower in the sum mer than at the close of winter that the continued feeding into the summer months was not profitable. NOW FREE OF TUBERCULOSIS Pnre-Brcd Herds That Have Success fully Passed Annual Tests Are Placed on Accredited List. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) One hundred and seventy-one herds, representing 6,250 cattle, were quali fied June 1 for the accredited list of pure-bred herds of cattle free from tu berculosis which the department of ag riculture is developing to insure dis ease-free sources of pure-bred stocks. In order to have his herd accredited the owner must comply with uniform rules approved by the United States department of agriculture and adopted by nearly mil of the stales, which re quire that every animal pass nt least two successful annual tuberculin tests. In addition to the number of herds mentioned, more than 600 others have passed one successful test Id prepara tion for accrediting. One of the many advantages of having accredited herds, which is proving popular with breed ers, is that the owner may make inter state shipments accompanied by a cer tificate at any time within one year without subjecting the animals to fur ther tuberculin tests. ; Parasites Are Troublerome. External parasites are extremely troublesome on live stock. They do most injury when the animals are low in condition, for strong stock can re sist them better than the weak ones Hogs Must Have Water. Hogs must have water to drink, and If they cannot get fresh clean water in the trough or fountain they wir drink wherever they find water, re tardless of its condition. LIFT OFF CC iRNS! a touchy it corn j rs I Drop Freezone on corn, then lift th: off with finge Doesn't hurt a bit! Drop a little Freezone on an aching corn, instantly that corn stops hurting, then you lift K right out. Yes, magic! No humbug! Mr" ira MÈ. Bar** A tiny bottle of Freezone costs but a fëw cents at any drug store, but Is suf ficient to remove every hard corn, soft com, or corn between the toes, nnd the calluses, without soreness or irrita tiom Freezone is the sensational discov ery of a Cincinnati genius. It ie won derful.—Adv. Hospital Nurses. An orderly was on duty in an op erating room for the first time and was to witness an amputatious He wondered whether he would get nerv ous. He also noticed a bright-eyed, rosy-cheeked nurse, and he wondered if she, too, would blanch under the or deal. Following the operation, he ad mitted to the nurse that it had been his first operation. She congratulated him on having borne up so well. "What did you feel like during your first operation?" he asked the nurse. "This morning was my first opera tion," she said. "But I didn't know that men could stand those things as well as women." OLD PBESCRIPIiGÜ FOR WEAK KIDNEYS Have you ever stopped to reason why it is that so many products that are ex tensively advertised, all at once drop out of sight and are soon forgotten? The reason is plain—the article did not fulfil the promises of the manufacturer. This applies more particularly to a medicine. A medicinal preparation that has real curative value almost sells itself, as like an endless chain system the remedy is recommended by those who have been benefited, to those who are in need of it. A prominent druggist says, 'Take for example Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root, a preparation I have sold for many years and never hesitate to recommend, for in almost every case it shows excellent re sults, as many of my customers testify. No other kidney remedy that I know of has so large a sale." According to sworn statements and verified testimony of thousands who have used the preparation, the success of Dr. Kilmers' Swamp-Root is due to the fact that so many people claim, it fulfills al most every wish in overcoming kidney, liver and bladder ailments, corrects ur inary troubles snd neutralizes the uric acid which causes rheumatism. You may receive a sample bottle of Swamp-Root by Parcel Post. Address Dr. Kilmer ft Co., Binghamton, N. Y., and enclose ten cents; also mention this paper. Large and medium size bottles fur sals at all drug stores.—Adv. Forewarned. Little Dorothy adored her oldest brother John; in fact, was his abject slave. But one day John was guilty of some misdemeanor for which- his fa ther thought a spanking was the only adequate punishment, and proceeded to administer it. Dorothy witnessed It with her little hands tightly clenched; then she turn» ed to her mother, and between sobs exclaimed : N "Oh, mother, I'm so sorry that cross man is going to be the grandfather of tny children."—Harper's Magazine. DONT BE FOOLISH and buy an imitation ; get the original VACHER-BALM. It Is better than any of the snbstl tute "Balms" for quickly relieving ; Coughs, Colds, Croup, and aH kinds of hurts and soreness. The many imitations are proof that it is an unusually good thing. The price Is only 25c per Jar or Tube. Surely it Is worth that to get rid of a Cough or Cold, or your child's Croup. If your druggist win not sup ply you and we have no agent in your locality, write for the agency. Every family needs Vacher-Balm. and we supply samples Free, to start the demand. E. W. VACHER, Inc., New Orleans, La.—Adv. What Governs. j Dawson—The facial features plainly Indicate character and disposition. In selecting your wife were you g6v erued by her chin? Spenlow—No, bnt I have been ever since we were married.—London Tit Bite. ... JK® Wo««»* I« ■ Healthy Child All children troubled with worms have an OB* healthy color, which indicate« poor blood, and as a rale, there is more or less stomach disturbance O novas tasthlubs cbm TOmcjp^irSm&Sy for two or three week« will enrlcb the blood, lm •"'î Wi kl ennui WM UlOOQ, ira prore th« dl*«wtlon, and «et U a (Jouerai Strength ening Tonic to the whole erstem. Nutorewlll the* throw off or dispel the worm«, and the Chi ld w)U ha In perfect health. Pleaaantto take. «Bc per botli«. United States in the first three months of this year produced 50,384 pounds of metallc magnesium.