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appppa7vc£15 ape i/M£P evpp crya/f OP cosfpsrs/rr opp/cpps United States Shipping Board IsTrainingThou sands of Recruits for the Merchant Marine iMERICAN crews for American mer chant ships." This is the slogan of tf»e United States shipping board, which has in hand the great task of creating an adequate personnel for our new mer chant marine. In years past, whenever the subject of creating a merchant marine In pro portion to the country's commercial importance came up, the question was raised : "How are we going to get men for American ships?" Young Americans had got out of the way of sea going. The country did not think in terms of ships. Foreign seamen chiefly manned what ves sels we had. Qur shipyards could not compete with foreign yards. The war has changed all that. The change has been little short of magical. The United States of America now leads the world in shipbuilding. It will soon lead the world with its seagoing citizens. Thousands of young Americans are turning to the aea every month. The old era of the square-rig gers, to which friends of the American merchant marine fondly refer, is rapidly being dwarfed by what is taking place in our merchant marine today. As an example of the extraordinary change going on in the matter of crews, may be éited a phe nomenal jump in September recruiting for the merchant marine reported by the United States shipping board from Washington, in the following bulletin : An increas* of 491 per cent in s month. In the number of recruits for the merchant marine signed on the United States shipping board, was reported by the board. The figures covering four weeks end ing September 12, are as follows: Week ending August 22, 913 men; August 29, 1,779; September S, 2,697; September 12, 4,4M. The figure« for the latter week exceed by 484 men the cumber the board had announced as an expected maximum for the month of September. The men are accepted for training as saUors, firemen, coal passers, cooks and stew ards, and will be put.aboard training ships at Bos ton, New York, Norfolk, New Orleans, San Fran cisco, Seattle and Cleveland. Every little while one hears somebody ask, "What is this merchant marine we hear so much •bout?" Nobody need feel ashamed if he does not readily visualize this new commercial maritime force of the country. The nation for many years past has been building up such an admirable navy that many people confuse the merchant marine with the navy, thinking that all ships are under naval control. The merchant marine is quite distinct from the navy. It is, indeed, a navy in itself—a commercial navy—of vessels engaged in business voyages. The United States shipping board has cbarge.of it, and it is run as a national business organization,« much the same as the nation's great railroads are run by the railroad administration. The shipping board consists of five members, •sen of high training in business affairs, appointed from various parts of the country. Its chairman la Edward N. Hurley of Chicago. Its headquarters are in a business building in Washington. Control is exercised by this board over every merchant ship of more thap 2,500 tons sailing un der the American flag. The vast shipbuilding pro gram of the country—resulting in "the bridge of Ships to Europe," which enables us to send mil lions of men to the fighting front and sustain them there—is In the hands of the shipping board. The shipbuilding is done by the Emergency Fleet cor poration, operated by the board, and directed by Charles M. Schwab, a master mind In the steel world and known from coast to coast as a business genius of the first order. The merchant marine today Is American to the «ore. American daring and seagoing ability are taking o«r merchant ships safely across the seas and Nwk again with shuttielike regularity. All this la being done by volunteers, who take op the work because they recognise the greatness of the opportunity to help their country in a new opoch of expansion. The mariner lh the merchant maria* la not an collated man. A scratch of the pea la all that Mods him to his job ; yet he la as firmly fixed in ft* aà if he were there by the operation of the •elective aerric* lair. Every man working for the new merchant ma rt hat Ms la not merely a war job, im ragh Ms work may be as part of his ~ ■■ mm It becomes. ' than that ran Crews for* American Ships 7 •■■'V « m APPPJEPT/CPö OJYU. Ô. TPA/Mf J/1/P l£ARH.W\ TO rtAKt POPE LADDER s ® jLPAV/MF 7TÏA//MXÏ OP/PPOP %XPV/C/rAT £EAr jLPAV/MF 7TÏA//MXÏ OP/PPOP %XPV/C/rAT used for transport purposes will be turned bock to their original uses as commerce carriers, and will call for merchant crews. The work of manning the merchant marine with all-American crews thus becomes one of the great est of the government's present activities. It is being carried out entirely by the United States shipping board through its own recruiting service. This service has national headquarters at Boston—a famous old seaport and a natural cen ter for American sailors—and has training sta tions also at New York, Norfolk, New Orleans, San Francisco, Seattle and Cleveland. It maintains • fleet of 12 training ships and is training 6,000 men a month. The system of securing recruits fot this service —they are not enlisted, but sign a contract to serve for the duration of the war, with the privilege of serving as much longer as they like—is exceed ingly simple. Observing the effectiveness of establishing branch post offices in drug stores, the shipping board applied the idea to recruiting and estab lished Its recruiting stations in each store of a well-known chain throughout the country. There are 6,854 of these stores, and in each the proprie tor or head clerk is sworn in as a "dollar-a-year man" to work for the United States shipping board rine. special enrolling agent of the merchant ma These enrolling agents ifegan their work last spring. They got to going strong In August of this year, as the figures already quoted indicate. The men whom they sign are sent to seaports for training, the government reimbursing them tor their railroad fare. The young men entering the merchant marine through the shipping board's training service be come the special charges and wards of. the shipping board for the duration of the war. Their welfare is looked after from the moment they enter the sendee. They are placed on board big training vessels, where they are put Into uni form—-a special uniform, differing from that used in the navy—and are given a scientific course of training in the rating for which they "sign on." Some are trained as sailors, others as firemen, others a* cooks or bakers or stewards. For the cooks and bakers special schools are maintained aboard ship, there being one at Boston and an other nt New York. Firemen are given a special school course also, on the character of aoal, combustion, care of boil ers and the like. The shipping board maintains a large school for firemen at Chicago and another at Boston. Water-tehders and oilers—the assistants to the engineers on a ship—are also given special school training before being taken to sea, at a Chicago school of engineering. When the young men thus trained—and some are quite young, as the minimum age limit Is eighteen—have finished their special courses they are sent to sea on merchant ships, in proportion of four to each six able seamen carried. Afloat or ashore they are responsible always to the shipping board, and every time they return to an American port they report their whereabouts to the recruiting service headquarters. In this manner Uncle Sam keeps a paternal eye on the young men making their first voyagea Be known them, aqd knows that he can trust them. They aie part of a big family of young American sailors of the best sort—Americans whose loyalty la beyond question, and whose bravery and devo tion give the lie every day sad every hour of, the day to creek »landers that have been circulated since the war began against the *** a *«,*•*_ . M3 £EAr promotion, pay the best in any maritime service in the world. An able seaman today gets $75 a month and his board. During wartime he receives a bonus of 50 per cent on his wages on voyages into the war-zone waters of Europe. Bis life is insured without cost to him to the extent of twice his yearly earn ings. His future is assured if he sticks—and the ship ping board believes he will stick. It is estimated that not less than 200,000 officers and men will be wanted to man the merchant marine after the war, and it Is expected that every man accepted will, be an American citizen. The shipping board Is training officers as well as crews for the new merchant marine. It has 32 technical schools, in navigation and engineering, where experienced men receive free instruction fitting them for officers' licenses. From June, 1917, when these schools were start ed, to September, 1918, more than 10,000 students were admitted to them. Every student was an American citizen, fitted to enter by two years at sea. or, in the case of engineers, equivalent tech nical experience. Graduates of these schools are on the bridges of American merchant ships today in all of the seven seas, and the present classes of the school contain • more than 1,200 students. a Washington Was Wise There is something of poetic Justice in the fact that one of the first of the old sluices to be re habilitated was the Chesapeake and Ohio, the building of which was pushed by General George Washington, who was the first president of the construction company which called it into being. The Father of His Country was so convinced that the future prosperity ef the nation had much to do with water transportation by canal that he obtained a leave of absence while he was still commander of the Revolutionary army that he might start the survey for the waterway with which he hoped to connect the waters of the Chesapeake bay with the unsalted Ohio. The project was never realised, even in part, until long after his death, hut to this day the canal is a carrier of trade between Cumberland, Md., and Georgetown, in the District of Columbia It de rives its water portly from the Potomac, and iY deepened would be of much Importance to the national capital. It has for years been under railroad control. The government has now placed additional boats upon It and the lock crews are working night and day. The channel Is becom ing a s busy as it was hi Civil war days, when 800 boats, ten times the number which it had when the federal authorities took charge, were in constant operation.—Walter Harrington In the American Review of Reviews. KING. QUEEN ON JACK. A rookie at Camp Zachary Taylor had been transferred to one of the headquarters companies to fill the vacancy left by an orderly who was sick at the base hospttaL He was sitting at the desk when the captain entered. "Good morning, general,'* was the greeting of fered by ihe recroît after executing a salute that resembled a One-armed woman pitching hay. "I'm am general* the captain replied. "Good morning; colonel," was the next saluta tion. r ' "I'm ne colonel. I am a captain," answered the offieer as fie gave the rookie the Julius Caesar typ« I featured that you was h* the fleck," chirped the dangers from the lurking submarine without a tre mor. The submarine peril has acted only as a stim ulus to merchant marine recruiting. These facts make the shipping board hopeful for the future of the merchant marine personnel. It is expected that a large percentage of these wartime sailors will re main In the merchant ma rine after the return of peace. The inducements for them to do so are many and practical. There is great opportunity for rapid promotion, and the pay is the best in any maritime El HAS ABANDONED ALL HOPES OF MAINTAINING SEMBLANCE OF AUTHORITY IN KINGDOM. ORGANIZATION PROCEEDING Charles Has Issued An Imperial Ordi nance Authorizing All Soldiers To Enroll Under Various New Governments. a of is is be be as 32 an at of I New York. -The organization of va rious nations within the former mon archy of Austria-Hungary is proceed ing, according to news dispatches received here. Apparently the Em peror Charles has abandoned all hope of maintaining even a semblance of authority over much of his former kingdom. * An Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Zurich, Switzerland, says that the Archduke Joseph, cousin of the emperor, left Budapest after the inde pendent government of Hungary had been proclaimed there. The dispatch says that Emperor Charles instructed the authorities to yield to the new power without resistance and to avoid all conflicts with the people. The emperor also has issued an im perial ordinance authorizing all offi cers in the country to place them selves in the service of the armies constituted by the various newly formed governments and to permit the soldiers under their commands to serve likewise. Count Michael Karolyi, the leading spirit in the organization of the new Hungarian government, has sent a telegram to the Berlin Tagçblatt sav ing that a successful revolution has taken place in Budapest and that the Hungarian National Council has taken over the governmenL "The military and police acknowl edge the National Council complete ly," said Count Karlyi's message. "The inhabitants are rejoicing." A dispatch from London says that a German wireless dispatch picked up by the British Admiralty says that according to an imperial proclama tion the Austro-Hungarian navy has been handed over to the South Slav National Council, sitting in Agram. In the decree the Austro-Hungarian authorities make an express reserve about the ownership of the fleet, but say until the international question is settled there is no objection to the employment of national emblems by the side of the war flag after the trans fer to the council. In the transfer of the Danube flo tilla to the Hungarian government the flotilla commandant is instructed to release non-Hungarian members of the crew. For American Prisoners. Washington.—A special ration» fo* American soldiers held prisoners in Germany to be distributed by the American Red Cross in Denmark and Switzerland has been prepared by the Quartermaster's Corp 3 . Packages containing food for seven Jays will be sent to the prison camps weekly, with special packages of delicacies for invalids. re the to he he the is de iY the are the the of the the Eagle-1 Commissioned. Washington. — The Eagle-1, first of the new type submarine patrol ves sels ordered by the navy, was put in commission at Detroit, and will be sent immediately to the Atlantic coast. Several of the boats probably will be ready in time to get out be fore winter closes the inland water ways. There Will Be No Coal Famine. Washington.—There will be no coal famine the coming winter or even an aproach to the hardships of last winter. Fuel Administrator Gar field announced, but the public must continue to co-operate with the Fuel Administration in conservation meas ures, as far more coal Is needed now than in normal times. Speeding Up Training. Washington. — Army training camp commanders have been ordered to eliminate from their schedules all work that can be done after the men arrive overseas as one of the moves of the War Department to epeed up the enlarged war program and over come delays resulting from Interfer ence with draft calls by influenza. Postpone U. D. C. Convention. Charleston, S. C.— Becâuse of the epidemic of influenza, the twenty-fifth annual convention of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, sched uled to meet In Louisville, Ky., N> vember 12-16, has been postponed in definitely by the president-general, U. D. C., Misa Mary B. Poppenhelm. Shipping la Resumed. London.—Dfltch newspapers say that shipping concerns in Holland are taking steps preparatory to resuming iegu.t .1 trips to England and Amer ici in consequence of the withdrawal of the U-boat menace. Must Have Fruit Pits. New York.—The government needs 1 . 600,000 pounds of nut shells and stones dally for manufacturing gas mask charcoal, and la unable to * that amount O! SCHEME TO SCARE AGENTS. Tobias Knowal peeped through the wiudow of his office, then tiptoeing to his desk put a flannel bandage around his neck, put his arm in a sling, ran his hands through 1ns hair and limped to the door. ".Mr. Knowal?" inquired the caller. "Yes," groaned Knowal. "What can I do for you?" "You appear to he far from well," said the caller. "Appear to be !" echoed Knowal. "Do you think I'm doing this for fun? But what can I do for you?" "Oh— er — I won't trouble you now." said the caller hurriedly. "Any time will do." And he departed. "It's some trouble," murmured Knowal, pulling off his bandages. "But it's really the quickest way to get rid of these life insurance agents. That one won't trouble me again, any how !" Poor Prospects for the Bride. "I should think the girl's parents would object." "What do you mean?" "The parents of the girl one of the kaiser's sons Is going to marry." "Why should they object?" "How would you like a daughter of yours to marry a young man who Is soon to be kicked into the cold world without even knowing a trade by which he can support a wife?" r £ a THE HAPPY ONE "So Mis« Grif fins Is married at last?" "Yes. And who is the happy man ?" "Her dear old dad." Figuratively Speaking. "Wouldn't let you hold her hand, eh?" "She gave me to understand that some other fellow held an option on it," "Did she have on an engagement ring?" "No." In a case like that the claim onght to be staked out." in U. ici of to An intuition. "Yon went wrong the way you al lowed that girl to take you. She doesn't know the road." "Well, do you know. I had an idea I vYis being miss-guided." The Reason. "W'hy is that screeching woman in tl«e next flat continually singing her 'Ho hoi' song?" '1 guess that's what she is cultivat ing her voice with." The Painful Part. "Jones doesn't want his wife to go away." "Feels the separation, no doubt." "Yes, from the necessary coin." Would Like a Correction. T have called to ask you to correct a mistake in your report of a speech by Mr. Bloggs, the independent can didate, last Tuesday." Editor of Duilbury »fliessenger —Do you represent Mr. Bloggs? Visitor—No; I was the voice from the back of the hall which you report ed incorrectly as shouting, "It's a lie !" What I really said was "You're a liar F* —London Punch. The Doctor's Side. "Doc, you charge some people more than others,,don't you?" inquired the grocer. "People with money, for In stance?" "Sometimes." "Suppose I charged you that way?* "That would be all right, provided you didn't charge poor people any thing, a custom not anknajfrl it^ . d<ww tors." Natural Tendency. „ "Funny about that sleepwalker." - "Wbat was?" "He got up in the night and went straight arorfud the corner to a wake.* What I« Is. I . "Pa, what is overhead conatruettont* asked the human Interrogation point, who had listened, to some remarks about the street car fare case "It's what causes your ma to make several trips to the milliner while her headgear Is being created " explain ed the usual source of information. » Natural Enough. Jones—The typist made four giar hifc errors this afternoon. Partner—She's only rehearsing—she is to marry tomorrow.