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$ San ar (^pAD J « y&/"~ V. )ßi?A«NCf iti E VS iiSSr*« e *w 4lfJ&T&Sf!täKJZQAD i M m s. '.i IBS s ■ *£ir TzS&r. m * • & m «sa*. .^obial r/^ WORLD WAR 19 17-19 18 AUGUST ne Y GREEN '01 CAPTAIN U.5A.M.R.C REGISTERED ^AMERICAN FORESTRY ASSOCIATION^ WASHINGTON,D.C. By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN. N EXT to well-equipped and thoroughly up-to date railways, transportation means good solid wagon roads. Even in normal times the economic value of such reads is well nigh', incalculable, but in a period of armed con Tlit victory or defeat may depend upon the condition of the common highways. All this is well known. -And yet, though far-seeing men have for some years been urging the good roads movement upon the people and some progress has been achieved, our highways la general still remain among the worst in the world. —Albert J. Beveridge. .1 think that I shall never see f A poem as lovely as a tree— .A tree whose hungry mouth Is prest Against the world's sweet flowing breast; * V A tree that looks at God all day And lifts her leafy arms to pray; ~ n r J> A tree that may in summer wear A nest of robins In her hair; * * • Poems are made by fools like me, But only God can make a tree. —Joyce Kilmer. If you want to build a road, let the people plant memorial trees along that road and your project la a amcoeaa.—Charles Lattirop Pack. Thus come closer to the Great Tree-Maker. Plant memorial tree» in honor of the men who gave their Uvea to their country—in honor of the men who offered their livee.— Rev. Dr. Francis E. Clark. Roads and trees for remembrance! Victory highways In honor of America's light ing men Ik the great war! «Roadside planting of trees In memory of their Individual deeds! It is a truism that the economic and moral fiber of any community Is shown 'by the condition of its highways. Give the community the right kind of roads, schools, churches, factories and hanks and the other signs of advancement will soon be In evidence. • Memorial roads! What more fitting monument, •can we build In honor of our heroes? Permanent •roads dedicated to them! How can a community better commemorate their achievements? And all these memorial roads planned and built son parts ef a grent system" of victory highways— victory highways that food may move from farm to city and manufactures back to the farm ! that the way of the children to the schoolhouse may be made easy y that the defense of America against armed force may be certain. Victory Highways that not only serve the na tIon's needs hut delight the people's eye—vic tory highways beautified by roadside planting of American trees and shrubs and flowers. No walls find gates und arches with their suggestion of something Closed and set apart, but memorial trees and groves rind little parks and wayside camps for the American traveler and food tree« for the birds. To Abrabnnt Lincoln have probably more me morials been erected than to any other man, Which of all these memorials is most impressive —most fitting? Consider now the Lincoln high way as It is and ns it is soon to be. The Lincoln highway is an object lesson of fhat Is and what is to be in a memorial road, lore than 3,000 miles Jn length, It runs east and rest through the heart of America, with giant th and south feeder highways, joining the Al and the Pacific. It traverses 11 states, millions have been expended on It In the five years.. Already there are nearly 400 of concrete and brick and paving ami more LOOO miles of macadam. It la in operation to end. It carries an endless procession ms In their own automobiles. The it is dotted with freight truck*. moment the federal govern men* .on the Lincoln way si cross the exhibition train. It started' from m Gettysburg. Pa., the route J way to Pittsburgh. Camden Fort Wayne, Ind.; Chicago Cedar Rapids and Marshall .; Cheyenne. Wye.; gait City and Py, Nev„ 4 Î -• Air&YÇJ&IttlYZrtST&IHæ--* finally dropping down the Sierra Nevada to Sac ramento, Cal., and then to San Francisco. This train consists of 60 motor-vehicles of the types employed by the motor transport corps in the conduct of the winning of the war. In addition, accompanying this train are several other branches of the United States army service, in cluding representatives of the engineer corps, with antiaircraft defense trucks and searchlights, and certain specially detailed observers who will make an intensive study and report to the war department on road conditions. The trip Is being made for both military and educational purposes, including: An extended performance test of the several standardize«! types of motorized army equipment used for transportation of troops and cargo and for other special military purposes; the war department's contribution to good roods movement; demonstra tion of the practicability of long-distance motor post and commercial transportation and the need for judicious expenditure of federal governmental appropriations in providing the necessary high ways. So much for the Lincoln highway as a mean« of transportation—a transcontinental road link ing the United States by states. Consider now the Lincoln way as a beauty si*ot—and a me morial, not only to the Great Emancipator, hut to the heroes who followed his example and won the freedom of the world in «the great war. The roadside planting of the Lincoln way is in charge of the General Federation of Women's Clubs. This organization has a membership of 2,500.000 members. It has a state federation In every state In the Union. Mary K. Sherman, chairman of the conservation department of the general federation, has secured a comprehensive planting plan for the way. This plan has been worked ont by Jens Jensen, a noted landscape engineer of Chicago. In general It provides for the planting of trees, shrubs and flowers indige nous to the locality. For example, blue prints have been made for the planting of the way through the 180 miles of Illinois. These prints give all necessary details—kinds of trees, shrubs and flowers for each locality; suggestions for grouping each. The clubs of the several states through which the way passes will see to it that the planting is done. Many dubs in other states will plank memorial miles on the way and In addition caiTy ont the same plan In application to Lincoln way feeders in their own states. Features of this roadside planting of the Lin coln way by the general federation are memorial trees in honor.of Individual heroes; groves, foun tains, camping places along the road; fruit and mit trees for the birds and a bird sanctuary from ocean to ocean. „ For ten years America has been spending from $200.600,000 to $300,000,000 a year for highway construction and maintenance—without national plan— without relation to the broad needs of the country as a whole and w'.th little co-ordination of effort between states. After spending over $o 000 000,000 In a decade, we are, broadly speak ing as far from a proper connecting system of radiating highways in the United States as ever. The latest government figures show a total highway mileage In the United States of 2,457. 334 and of this total, even after the tremendous expenditures noted, bot Î2 per cent, or some 206, 000 miles, have received any attention whatever and these Improvements are scattered tn 48 states, in a loose and utterly ineffective way. over va rious sections of oar entire 2.500,000 miles. Air&YÇJ&IttlYZrtST&IHæ--* Now the time for national action has arrived. Thus the time is ripe for roads amd trees for remembrance. The Unit«! States Is going to ex pend $500,000.000 in the next few years on a na tional highway system of interstate arterial routes. It only remains to be seen what agency of the federal government Is to have charge of the cons! ruction. If the department of agricul ture anrl the state highway commissions do the work, the government and the states will share the expense, half and half. If highway conjr mission Is established by congress to have« charge of the work the share of the states wilt be apportioned In order that states like Nevada. Wyoming and Arizona shall not be too heavily burdened. As to the feature of memorial trees, this is also the chosen time. Public sentiment turns toward the idea. Events all over the country forecast a general memorial plantiug. The American Forestry association, of which Charles Lathrop Pack is president, has Issued a call for memorial tree planting. It is registering all memorial trees and giving certificates of reg istration ; also instructions for planting. Rev. Dr. Francis E. Clark has called upon the Christian Endeavor societies to plant memorial trees. Georgetown university remembered Its war heroes at its one hundred and thirtieth com mencement by planting 54 memorial trees In honor of Its heroic dead. To each tree was af fixed a bronze marker, of which a sample Is given herewith. To the next of kin goes n duplicate of the marker. "My boys made « wonderful reputation for this country on the battlefields of France," says Dan iel Carter Beard. "I say my boys because I be lieve that there were boy scouts In eyery Ameri can division that participated in the war. The Ik»j- scouts' slogan Is, 'Once a scout always a scout.' A plan that we are taking up is the planting of trees as memorials for our heroes. This Is being done In some parts of Long Island and should be done in all sections. After the tree has been planted a small tablet should be placed on It bearing the name of the man who made the supreme sacrifice, and when and where and how he was killed and his branch of the service." Many victory highways to be planted with me morial trees are under way throughout the coun try. The National Defense highway, between Blandeusburg and Annapolis, Is Maryland's con tribution. New York is planning a Roosevelt Memorial highway from Montauk Point to Buf falo. In Ohio Col. Webb C. Hays has offered to give memorial tablets on memorial highways In Sandusky county, and William G. Sharpe, former nmbnssador to France, will do the same for Lo rain county. The poem by Joyce Kilmer, who gave his life for his country in France, Is most touching. What Is more fitting than a tree for a memorial? We may attain the most magnificent effects In stone and bronze. Compare them with n permanent road—enduring ns the Appian way, built 22 cen turies agi*— and shaded by the Maryland tulip poplar or thè Engelmann spruce or any other of our magnificent American trees. The glimpse of an Estes Park road in the Rocky Mountain Na tional park shows nature's way of beautifying a highway. Consider how the trees on guard add the crowning touch to the Washington monu ment. PRESIDENT EXPLAINS NECESSI TY OF PROTECTING RAILROAD AND GIVE ENCOURAGEMENT. PEOPLE MUST BE HELPED Inhabitants Lack Essentials of Life and Allies Must Furnish Necessi ties—Independent Bands Menace Roads. Washington. —■ President Wilson informed the Senate in response to -a resolution by Senator Johnson, Republican, of California, that the presence of American troops in Si beria was a "vital clement" in the icstoration and maintenance of traf fic on the Siberian railroad and thaï i.nder the agreement with Japan, they could be withdrawn only when the American railway experts operat ing the road were withdrawn. The president said Siberia could be protected from a further period of chaos and anarchy only by keeping the railroad open and that lacking the prime essentials of life, the peo ple there were looking to the United States and the allies for economic assistance. This already is being ex tended and' additional supplies, are to be sent forward. Roving bands having no- connec tion with any organized government in Russia are menacing the railroads the president said, and consequently its protection by the military' is nee essary. American troops, lie said, now are engaged in guard' duty at Vladivostok and around Terchne Udinsk. A- small body also is at Har bin. The original purposes of the Amer ican military expedition, Mr. Wilson wrote, were twofold. Saving of the Czecho-Slovak forces and the steady ing of the efforts of the Russians at self-defense or the establishment of law and order In which they might be willing to accept assistance. Major General Graves, command ing the expedition of 8,000 men, wst specifically directed not to interfere in Russian affairs, the president said, but to support wherever neecs sary John F. Stevens, the A'merican railway engineer, who is carrying out the work of rehabilitating the Si berian railroad, under the direction of the Ihter-Allied Committee: Mexicans Kill Many Americans: Washington. — Although about 50 American citizens have been killed tn Mexico since 1917, not a single arrest or conviction is known to have resulted, Henry P. Fletcher, United States ambassador to Mexico, told the House Rules Committee in a hearing- on the Gould resolution, which proposes the appointment cf a congressional committee to investi gate relations between the two« coun tries; Lawful To Keep Liquor In* Home. Washington.—The prohibition- en forcement bill, drastic provisions ami alt, was adopted, section by section by the House, but a man's right tn store liquor in MS home stood* up against all attacks. On the final count, only three votes were- record ed fn favor of an- amendment to* make home possession- of intoxicant* un lawful. CaUk- Attention To Mexico* Austin, Texas. — Without debate the Texas Senate adopted a concur rent resolution calling the attention of the president and Congress to the "guerilla warfare that has prevailed along the Texas-Mexican border sinee 1875," and asking the federal government if it cannot protect Texas. Packers Deny Chargea. Chicago. — The Committee of Sev enteen, which Is directing the work of the recently organized Institute of American Meat Packers, replied for the packing industry to Senator Ken yon's assertion in the Senate that the packers are stimulating an enormous propaganda against hts b*JI for regu lation of the industry. Aviators Arrive On Border. San Antonio, Tex. — Twenty-eight Air Service officers from Rockwell Field arrived her© and will be as signed to stations along the border for patrol. They were in command of Capt, H. R. Kelly. German Rail Strike Settled. Berlin. — As a result of intervea tion by the Federation of Labor a settlement of the transportanoa strike here has been effected. Makes Minimum Wage $3 Per Day. Washington. — By a vote of 368 to 47, the House passed the bill provid ing a minimum wage ot $3 for all government employes, except those In the postal service. The wage is Inclusive of the waitime bonus of $240 » year allowed employes. Clemenceau Given Vote of Confidence Paris. — The Chamber of Depu Jej gave a vote of confidence tn the robinet of M. Clemenceau fey g vote ? 27* against lit „ 00 NOT NEGLECT HERD BOAR Managern errt f» Importât'^ Part m Raising Strong, Healthy Pigs—* —Ooservs» Best Cart. (Prepared by file United States Depart mer.b of Agriculture.) The management of the bot.¥ Is n very important' part In the raisÀtg of strong, healthy pigs, (and one win «h is sometimes neglbeted. He should*' be the most valuable'animal in the whole' herd, and as sudvdbserres the best of' attention. The boat*' should be pur ; chased from a breeder of pure-bred < hogs when between eight months and one year of age. Many breeders, how ever, purchase a boar' wüten a wean ling pig, but to be suwfwtful in this choice requires a wide experience and sound judgment. Aged boars which have proved their worth can some times be purchased at a* reasonable price. It is much safer fbr an inex perienced breeder to buy an old, ac tive boar than a young untried boar. If possible, the farmer should visit the herd where the boar r was- raised and note the conditions under which he was bred. At any rate, it is always possible to obtain from the breeder notes on the health and kind and amount of feeds used, sc as to> serve as an index to his subsequent treat ment. Upon arriving at the farm the boar should be unloaded as soon' as-" pos sible and placed in quarantine to guard against the Introduction of dis ease Into the herd. If he is lousy it Is well to treat this condition at onert His feed should be a continuation of that to which he has been accustomed, feeding rather lightly the first few days until he recovers from the strain of shipping and becomes accustomed to his new surroundings. If it is not feasible to continue feeding as-pre viously Indicated, the change to a more convenient ration should-« be made very gradually in order not to disturb the appetite or health of the * * s#;'-*''* _ ç_ Champion Duroc-Jersey Boar. animal. As a rule, a pig 8 to 12 months old will be in proper breed ing condition when received unless he has been very heavily overfed. IA purchasing an older boar, particularly one which has been in the show cir cuit, It Is often necessary to reduce hfs condition before attempting to breed. With some animals the breed ing power Is permanently . Impaired. by too high condition at sorofe time in their life. The boar should bo well fed but not fat, as a too-«high condi tion makes him Inactive, a-slow breed er, end a rather unccrtaln «sire. After the breeding season- the-boar - should not be fed so , heavily,. and ; should have a wider ration, that la. one containing less ofi the- protein concentrates and relatively more «corn.. The ration at this time is-practically the same as that fed. the brood sow when she is not producing a> litter of' pigs. He should have« the re») of m pasture a quarter of an> acre in > area« In connection with, his paddock:. Here he can exercise and obtain much of his feed from the forage, an- in the winter when the forage isk consume»!* he may be fed on alfalfa or clover. LaF* in connection with the graini ration,. Keep the boar, healthy, give him; ex- erclse, plenty)- of rough foods, and keep him in condition by varying- his supply of grain. Under such condi tions little trouble will: bo- experi enced In getting a normal* boon- to- pro duce large litters of strong,, healthy pigs. PIG CLUE MEMBERS PROSPER Some Hove Been at Work Long Enough to Have Portera foe Sale and Make- Money. (Préparai by the United State« Depart ment of Agriauttum«) Pi® dub memhewfc to Florida are working up an industry among them selves. Some of the members who have been in club» work trag enough have some pi®» for sale are dispos tag of their stock to other club mem ben# One club boy baa sold $100 worth of pigs to dub members this year. Anothea, who joined the pig club two years ago, is now furnishing pigs to other members, and says he* Is glad he went into the club work, and believes that every boy and,/ girl who can do so should join. ^ ATTENTION TO BROOD S0W& After Weaning Her Riga She Should Kept en Paeture and Fed * Gaining Grain Ration. ' The sow having weaned her pigs, should be kept on pasture and fed a ' gaining grain ration to build up hey system and flesh for re-breedlng, and Provide nourishment fay the oncomirw '*11 Utter.