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The patriot. (Glenmora, La.) 1918-1955, August 01, 1919, Morning, Image 4

Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064299/1919-08-01/ed-1/seq-4/

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19 17-19 18
N EXT to well-equipped and thoroughly up-to
date railways, transportation means good
solid wagon roads. Even in normal times the
economic value of such reads is well nigh',
incalculable, but in a period of armed con
Tlit victory or defeat may depend upon the condition
of the common highways. All this is well known.
-And yet, though far-seeing men have for some years
been urging the good roads movement upon the people
and some progress has been achieved, our highways
la general still remain among the worst in the world.
—Albert J. Beveridge.
.1 think that I shall never see
f A poem as lovely as a tree—
.A tree whose hungry mouth Is prest
Against the world's sweet flowing breast; *
V A tree that looks at God all day
And lifts her leafy arms to pray; ~ n r J>
A tree that may in summer wear
A nest of robins In her hair;
* * •
Poems are made by fools like me,
But only God can make a tree.
—Joyce Kilmer.
If you want to build a road, let the people plant
memorial trees along that road and your project la a
amcoeaa.—Charles Lattirop Pack.
Thus come closer to the Great Tree-Maker. Plant
memorial tree» in honor of the men who gave their
Uvea to their country—in honor of the men who offered
their livee.— Rev. Dr. Francis E. Clark.
Roads and trees for remembrance!
Victory highways In honor of America's light
ing men Ik the great war!
«Roadside planting of trees In memory of their
Individual deeds!
It is a truism that the economic and moral
fiber of any community Is shown 'by the condition
of its highways. Give the community the right
kind of roads, schools, churches, factories and
hanks and the other signs of advancement will
soon be In evidence.
• Memorial roads! What more fitting monument,
•can we build In honor of our heroes? Permanent
•roads dedicated to them! How can a community
better commemorate their achievements?
And all these memorial roads planned and built
son parts ef a grent system" of victory highways—
victory highways that food may move from farm
to city and manufactures back to the farm ! that
the way of the children to the schoolhouse may be
made easy y that the defense of America against
armed force may be certain.
Victory Highways that not only serve the na
tIon's needs hut delight the people's eye—vic
tory highways beautified by roadside planting of
American trees and shrubs and flowers. No walls
find gates und arches with their suggestion of
something Closed and set apart, but memorial
trees and groves rind little parks and wayside
camps for the American traveler and food tree«
for the birds.
To Abrabnnt Lincoln have probably more me
morials been erected than to any other man,
Which of all these memorials is most impressive
—most fitting? Consider now the Lincoln high
way as It is and ns it is soon to be.
The Lincoln highway is an object lesson of
fhat Is and what is to be in a memorial road,
lore than 3,000 miles Jn length, It runs east and
rest through the heart of America, with giant
th and south feeder highways, joining the Al
and the Pacific. It traverses 11 states,
millions have been expended on It In the
five years.. Already there are nearly 400
of concrete and brick and paving ami more
LOOO miles of macadam. It la in operation
to end. It carries an endless procession
ms In their own automobiles. The
it is dotted with freight truck*.
moment the federal govern men*
.on the Lincoln way si cross the
exhibition train. It started' from
m Gettysburg. Pa., the route
J way to Pittsburgh. Camden
Fort Wayne, Ind.; Chicago
Cedar Rapids and Marshall
.; Cheyenne. Wye.; gait
City and Py, Nev„
Î -•
finally dropping down the Sierra Nevada to Sac
ramento, Cal., and then to San Francisco.
This train consists of 60 motor-vehicles of the
types employed by the motor transport corps in
the conduct of the winning of the war. In addition,
accompanying this train are several other
branches of the United States army service, in
cluding representatives of the engineer corps,
with antiaircraft defense trucks and searchlights,
and certain specially detailed observers who will
make an intensive study and report to the war
department on road conditions.
The trip Is being made for both military and
educational purposes, including: An extended
performance test of the several standardize«!
types of motorized army equipment used for
transportation of troops and cargo and for other
special military purposes; the war department's
contribution to good roods movement; demonstra
tion of the practicability of long-distance motor
post and commercial transportation and the need
for judicious expenditure of federal governmental
appropriations in providing the necessary high
So much for the Lincoln highway as a mean«
of transportation—a transcontinental road link
ing the United States by states. Consider now
the Lincoln way as a beauty si*ot—and a me
morial, not only to the Great Emancipator, hut to
the heroes who followed his example and won
the freedom of the world in «the great war.
The roadside planting of the Lincoln way is in
charge of the General Federation of Women's
Clubs. This organization has a membership of
2,500.000 members. It has a state federation In
every state In the Union. Mary K. Sherman,
chairman of the conservation department of the
general federation, has secured a comprehensive
planting plan for the way. This plan has been
worked ont by Jens Jensen, a noted landscape
engineer of Chicago. In general It provides for
the planting of trees, shrubs and flowers indige
nous to the locality. For example, blue prints
have been made for the planting of the way
through the 180 miles of Illinois. These prints
give all necessary details—kinds of trees, shrubs
and flowers for each locality; suggestions for
grouping each. The clubs of the several states
through which the way passes will see to it that
the planting is done. Many dubs in other states
will plank memorial miles on the way and In
addition caiTy ont the same plan In application
to Lincoln way feeders in their own states.
Features of this roadside planting of the Lin
coln way by the general federation are memorial
trees in honor.of Individual heroes; groves, foun
tains, camping places along the road; fruit and
mit trees for the birds and a bird sanctuary from
ocean to ocean. „
For ten years America has been spending from
$200.600,000 to $300,000,000 a year for highway
construction and maintenance—without national
plan— without relation to the broad needs of the
country as a whole and w'.th little co-ordination
of effort between states. After spending over
$o 000 000,000 In a decade, we are, broadly speak
ing as far from a proper connecting system of
radiating highways in the United States as ever.
The latest government figures show a total
highway mileage In the United States of 2,457.
334 and of this total, even after the tremendous
expenditures noted, bot Î2 per cent, or some 206,
000 miles, have received any attention whatever
and these Improvements are scattered tn 48 states,
in a loose and utterly ineffective way. over va
rious sections of oar entire 2.500,000 miles.
Now the time for national action has arrived.
Thus the time is ripe for roads amd trees for
remembrance. The Unit«! States Is going to ex
pend $500,000.000 in the next few years on a na
tional highway system of interstate arterial
routes. It only remains to be seen what agency
of the federal government Is to have charge of
the cons! ruction. If the department of agricul
ture anrl the state highway commissions do the
work, the government and the states will share
the expense, half and half. If highway conjr
mission Is established by congress to have«
charge of the work the share of the states wilt be
apportioned In order that states like Nevada.
Wyoming and Arizona shall not be too heavily
As to the feature of memorial trees, this is also
the chosen time. Public sentiment turns toward
the idea. Events all over the country forecast a
general memorial plantiug.
The American Forestry association, of which
Charles Lathrop Pack is president, has Issued a
call for memorial tree planting. It is registering
all memorial trees and giving certificates of reg
istration ; also instructions for planting.
Rev. Dr. Francis E. Clark has called upon the
Christian Endeavor societies to plant memorial
Georgetown university remembered Its war
heroes at its one hundred and thirtieth com
mencement by planting 54 memorial trees In
honor of Its heroic dead. To each tree was af
fixed a bronze marker, of which a sample Is given
herewith. To the next of kin goes n duplicate of
the marker.
"My boys made « wonderful reputation for this
country on the battlefields of France," says Dan
iel Carter Beard. "I say my boys because I be
lieve that there were boy scouts In eyery Ameri
can division that participated in the war. The
Ik»j- scouts' slogan Is, 'Once a scout always a
scout.' A plan that we are taking up is the
planting of trees as memorials for our heroes.
This Is being done In some parts of Long Island
and should be done in all sections. After the
tree has been planted a small tablet should be
placed on It bearing the name of the man who
made the supreme sacrifice, and when and where
and how he was killed and his branch of the
Many victory highways to be planted with me
morial trees are under way throughout the coun
The National Defense highway, between
Blandeusburg and Annapolis, Is Maryland's con
tribution. New York is planning a Roosevelt
Memorial highway from Montauk Point to Buf
falo. In Ohio Col. Webb C. Hays has offered to
give memorial tablets on memorial highways In
Sandusky county, and William G. Sharpe, former
nmbnssador to France, will do the same for Lo
rain county.
The poem by Joyce Kilmer, who gave his life
for his country in France, Is most touching. What
Is more fitting than a tree for a memorial? We
may attain the most magnificent effects In stone
and bronze. Compare them with n permanent
road—enduring ns the Appian way, built 22 cen
turies agi*— and shaded by the Maryland tulip
poplar or thè Engelmann spruce or any other of
our magnificent American trees. The glimpse of
an Estes Park road in the Rocky Mountain Na
tional park shows nature's way of beautifying a
highway. Consider how the trees on guard add
the crowning touch to the Washington monu
Inhabitants Lack Essentials of Life
and Allies Must Furnish Necessi
ties—Independent Bands
Menace Roads.
Washington. —■ President Wilson
informed the Senate in response to
-a resolution by Senator Johnson,
Republican, of California, that the
presence of American troops in Si
beria was a "vital clement" in the
icstoration and maintenance of traf
fic on the Siberian railroad and thaï
i.nder the agreement with Japan,
they could be withdrawn only when
the American railway experts operat
ing the road were withdrawn.
The president said Siberia could
be protected from a further period of
chaos and anarchy only by keeping
the railroad open and that lacking
the prime essentials of life, the peo
ple there were looking to the United
States and the allies for economic
assistance. This already is being ex
tended and' additional supplies, are to
be sent forward.
Roving bands having no- connec
tion with any organized government
in Russia are menacing the railroads
the president said, and consequently
its protection by the military' is nee
essary. American troops, lie said,
now are engaged in guard' duty at
Vladivostok and around Terchne
Udinsk. A- small body also is at Har
The original purposes of the Amer
ican military expedition, Mr. Wilson
wrote, were twofold. Saving of the
Czecho-Slovak forces and the steady
ing of the efforts of the Russians at
self-defense or the establishment of
law and order In which they might
be willing to accept assistance.
Major General Graves, command
ing the expedition of 8,000 men, wst
specifically directed not to interfere
in Russian affairs, the president
said, but to support wherever neecs
sary John F. Stevens, the A'merican
railway engineer, who is carrying out
the work of rehabilitating the Si
berian railroad, under the direction
of the Ihter-Allied Committee:
Mexicans Kill Many Americans:
Washington. — Although about 50
American citizens have been killed
tn Mexico since 1917, not a single
arrest or conviction is known to
have resulted, Henry P. Fletcher,
United States ambassador to Mexico,
told the House Rules Committee in a
hearing- on the Gould resolution,
which proposes the appointment cf a
congressional committee to investi
gate relations between the two« coun
Lawful To Keep Liquor In* Home.
Washington.—The prohibition- en
forcement bill, drastic provisions ami
alt, was adopted, section by section
by the House, but a man's right tn
store liquor in MS home stood* up
against all attacks. On the final
count, only three votes were- record
ed fn favor of an- amendment to* make
home possession- of intoxicant* un
CaUk- Attention To Mexico*
Austin, Texas. — Without debate
the Texas Senate adopted a concur
rent resolution calling the attention
of the president and Congress to the
"guerilla warfare that has prevailed
along the Texas-Mexican border
sinee 1875," and asking the federal
government if it cannot protect
Packers Deny Chargea.
Chicago. — The Committee of Sev
enteen, which Is directing the work
of the recently organized Institute of
American Meat Packers, replied for
the packing industry to Senator Ken
yon's assertion in the Senate that the
packers are stimulating an enormous
propaganda against hts b*JI for regu
lation of the industry.
Aviators Arrive On Border.
San Antonio, Tex. — Twenty-eight
Air Service officers from Rockwell
Field arrived her© and will be as
signed to stations along the border
for patrol. They were in command
of Capt, H. R. Kelly.
German Rail Strike Settled.
Berlin. — As a result of intervea
tion by the Federation of Labor a
settlement of the transportanoa
strike here has been effected.
Makes Minimum Wage $3 Per Day.
Washington. — By a vote of 368 to
47, the House passed the bill provid
ing a minimum wage ot $3 for all
government employes, except those
In the postal service. The wage is
Inclusive of the waitime bonus of
$240 » year allowed employes.
Clemenceau Given Vote of Confidence
Paris. — The Chamber of Depu
Jej gave a vote of confidence tn the
robinet of M. Clemenceau fey g vote
? 27* against lit „
Managern errt f» Importât'^ Part m
Raising Strong, Healthy Pigs—*
—Ooservs» Best Cart.
(Prepared by file United States Depart
mer.b of Agriculture.)
The management of the bot.¥ Is n
very important' part In the raisÀtg of
strong, healthy pigs, (and one win «h is
sometimes neglbeted. He should*' be
the most valuable'animal in the whole'
herd, and as sudvdbserres the best of'
attention. The boat*' should be pur ;
chased from a breeder of pure-bred <
hogs when between eight months and
one year of age. Many breeders, how
ever, purchase a boar' wüten a wean
ling pig, but to be suwfwtful in this
choice requires a wide experience and
sound judgment. Aged boars which
have proved their worth can some
times be purchased at a* reasonable
price. It is much safer fbr an inex
perienced breeder to buy an old, ac
tive boar than a young untried boar.
If possible, the farmer should visit
the herd where the boar r was- raised
and note the conditions under which
he was bred. At any rate, it is always
possible to obtain from the breeder
notes on the health and kind and
amount of feeds used, sc as to> serve
as an index to his subsequent treat
Upon arriving at the farm the boar
should be unloaded as soon' as-" pos
sible and placed in quarantine to
guard against the Introduction of dis
ease Into the herd. If he is lousy it Is
well to treat this condition at onert
His feed should be a continuation of
that to which he has been accustomed,
feeding rather lightly the first few
days until he recovers from the strain
of shipping and becomes accustomed
to his new surroundings. If it is not
feasible to continue feeding as-pre
viously Indicated, the change to a
more convenient ration should-« be
made very gradually in order not to
disturb the appetite or health of the
* * s#;'-*''* _ ç_
Champion Duroc-Jersey Boar.
animal. As a rule, a pig 8 to 12
months old will be in proper breed
ing condition when received unless he
has been very heavily overfed. IA
purchasing an older boar, particularly
one which has been in the show cir
cuit, It Is often necessary to reduce
hfs condition before attempting to
breed. With some animals the breed
ing power Is permanently . Impaired.
by too high condition at sorofe time in
their life. The boar should bo well
fed but not fat, as a too-«high condi
tion makes him Inactive, a-slow breed
er, end a rather unccrtaln «sire.
After the breeding season- the-boar -
should not be fed so , heavily,. and ;
should have a wider ration, that la.
one containing less ofi the- protein
concentrates and relatively more «corn..
The ration at this time is-practically
the same as that fed. the brood sow
when she is not producing a> litter of'
pigs. He should have« the re») of m
pasture a quarter of an> acre in > area«
In connection with, his paddock:. Here
he can exercise and obtain much of
his feed from the forage, an- in the
winter when the forage isk consume»!*
he may be fed on alfalfa or clover. LaF*
in connection with the graini ration,.
Keep the boar, healthy, give him; ex-
erclse, plenty)- of rough foods, and
keep him in condition by varying- his
supply of grain. Under such condi
tions little trouble will: bo- experi
enced In getting a normal* boon- to- pro
duce large litters of strong,, healthy
Some Hove Been at Work Long
Enough to Have Portera foe
Sale and Make- Money.
(Préparai by the United State« Depart
ment of Agriauttum«)
Pi® dub memhewfc to Florida are
working up an industry among them
selves. Some of the members who
have been in club» work trag enough
have some pi®» for sale are dispos
tag of their stock to other club mem
ben# One club boy baa sold $100
worth of pigs to dub members this
year. Anothea, who joined the pig
club two years ago, is now furnishing
pigs to other members, and says he*
Is glad he went into the club work,
and believes that every boy and,/ girl
who can do so should join. ^
After Weaning Her Riga She Should
Kept en Paeture and Fed *
Gaining Grain Ration. '
The sow having weaned her pigs,
should be kept on pasture and fed a '
gaining grain ration to build up hey
system and flesh for re-breedlng, and
Provide nourishment fay the oncomirw
'*11 Utter.

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