Newspaper Page Text
acMillanof r j -*■ v a*** m 4Ä x ¥ ' 8* «* * £ / l«r m *■■■ w - m y* FVVli "N e % . *■**■•> *Y ? e^iOT F Flft ow ■? 7Z, <£/ ' ": 3 *\.. \ f .. A .v'" / / / ***** y- - By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN. ONALD B. MACMILLAN is off for D Baffin Land—just about now he is saying good-by to civilization away up on the coast of Labrador. And what does the veteran explorer expect to find? Probably he himself doesn't know. But Baffin Land offers that strongest of lures—the lure of the unknown. And if MacMillan reaches Its interior or Its west const and gets back to tell the tale, two or three years from now we may be hearing something new—and seeing it, for he in tends to bring back moving pictures. Anyway, he and his schooner, the Bowdoin, are off for Baffin Land. The truth is that Baffin Land is an undiscov ered country. It was "discovered" away back In the Seventeenth century (1584-1622) by William Baffin—that is, that hardy English explorer dis covered and charted Baffin bay, which lies be tween Greenland and Baffin Land. So he neces sarily discovered the east coast of Baffin Land. But no man has ever sailed around Baffin Land. And no white man has ever penetrated to its In terior. i cMillun therefore does not know what's of him. But the Eskimo who live on the aland have told him wondrous tales of tow en mountains with great glaciers; vast lakes; ds new to scjence and of great size : beautiful »wers; herds of reindeer. The island, it Is es ated, is about 1,000 miles from north to south— rout Lancaster sound to the Gulf of Boothia. It anywhere from 200 to 500 miles wide east to west. Its east coast l\ne is an Ice-capped plateau with an altitude of from 5,000 to 8,000 feet. The Interior is supposed to be largely of rock, covered with lee. The western eoast, vaguely indicated on the maps, is drawn from statements made by Eskimo. This western coast, according to stories told MacMillan by Eskimo, Is inhabited by people who have never seen a white man. So, one of the re salts of the expedition may be moving pictures of a primitive people untouched by civilization. MacMillan thinks there Is coal, oil and mineral wealth of various kinds on the island. Then there is terrestrial magnetism to be studied from observations taken near the magnetic pole. Also the aurora borealis is to be photographed. MacMillan is a veteran in Arctic exploration. He was born in Provlncetown, Muss., in 187^ and was a '98 track and gridiron star at Bowdoin. In early life he taught the young idea how to shoot He was in the Peary Arctic Club North Polar Expedition of 1908-09: frozen feet put him out of consideration for Peary's final dash to the pole. He was a member of the Cabot Labrador party In 1910 and did ethnological work among the Eskimo of Labrador in 1911 and 1912. He headed the Crocker Land exploring expedition in 1913. After four years during which time two re lief parties were dispatched in search of him and a third was formed, word came through that the little party was safe at Etah, Greenland. He hod learned that Crocker Land was largely a myth. The Baffin Land Arctic Exploration—the official title of the little company that MacMillan will command—is being financed by a group of Bowdoin men. The plans provide for an ab sence of two years. The plans do not provide for a relief expedition. If the Bowdoin is crushed In the Ice, the party will retreat by sled;» to Fort Churchill, the trading post at the foot of Hudson bay, and çeturn to civilization by way of North ern Canada. MacMillan has carefully selected his compan ions. The members of the expedition, In most Instances, he has known for years and several of them have been his shipmates on previous voy ages. His mate Is Jonathan Small ("Jot") of Provlncetown, Mass., who was with him for four years on the Crocker Land expedition and whom the explorer describes as "througb-nnd-through sailor, and the best story teHer I ever met.** An other former shipmate is Thomas McCue of Bri gus. Newfoundland, the cook, who was with the explorer on a trip through Hudson bay last year. Harold Whltehouse of Boothhay harbor, another experienced sailor, is engineer. Ralph P. Robinson of Haverhill. Mass., will l»e tha exolorer's general cusist.nnt during the expe ®US.(oajt Guard dition. He was a pupil of Doctor MacMillan at Won-ester academy and later was associated with him as director of summer 'camps in Maine. He served in France during the war ns a lieutenant of infantry, and since Ills return had been physical director In the Haverhill pub lic schools until he gave his resignation In June to join the expedition. Dawson Howell of Boston represents the Car negie institute on the expedition as magnetic ob server and will also serve as radio operator. He is the son of a Pittsburgh lawyer and is a former Trinity college football captain. Richard H. God dard of Winthrop, a member of this year's grad uating class at Dartmouth, where he was promi nent in athletics, will be Howell's assistant. The Bowdoin is small—just about the size of the Discovery, Baffin's ship which, in 1616 was the first to reach Baffin bay. But she has been specially constructed for the expedition, and is regarded as quite up-to-daty for ice work. She Is SO feet 10 inches In length, of 115 tons dis placement, 19 feet 7 inches beam and 9 feet 6 inches depth. She is of the knockabout auxiliary type, equipped with a 45-horse power crude oil burning engine that will drive her eight and a half knots an hour. Tests of the engine with va rious kinds of fuel have convinced MacMillan that oil obtained from the Arctic whale can be utilized. Though she had on board 2,800 gallons of fuel, the sails will be used as much as possible, and the motor be saved for emergencies among the ice floes. The Bowdoin's egg-shaped hull offers nothing to which ice may cling. Under sufficient pressure from Ice floes, ihstead of being crushed, the Pow doin should be lifted out and be carried with the pack. Her construction is very strong. The frame of the hull Is planked with 3-inch white oak, to which has been added at the water line a 5-foot belt of greenheart or ironwood. This armor is said to be capable of withstanding the grinding action of ice better than steel or any other material. Twelve tons of cement ballast has been so placed as to eliminate any danger of ice punching through engine ' room and tanks. Her bow is sheathed by heavy steel plates. She carries a spare rudder and propeller. It is be lieved that her slight draft of 9*4 feet will make it possible to drydock her on a beach at low tide so that'repairs cah be made. The forecastle is of great importance to a ship's company in Arctic temperatures. The Bowdoin's is large and has been laid out with special thought for the comfort of the explorers, who will spend much of their time there during the long winter months. There Is a thick air space between the outer and inner skins of the hull for insulation against the cold and moisture. When winter sets in a 8-foot covering of Ice and snow will be placed over the entire schooner, with snow houses, after the fashion of Eskimo igloos, to cover the hatch ways. For heating purposes the vessel Is equipped with oil heaters and kerosene for them. Cooking will he done In a range with coal. When the Bowdoin left Wlsfasset, Me., she was, chock-a-block with a wonderful conglomeration of articles. The explorers have many friends, and gifts of all'kinds had been showered upon them. In that packed cargo, were tobacco and matches sufficient to last two years—2,800 gallons of oil, 14 tons of nut coal, enough to keep the galley range hot for two years, flour enough for a like period, 100 gallons of gasoline for lighting. 500 pounds of butter, 500 pounds of coffee, 13 cases of tea, 100 pounds of lard, a barrel of molasses, ten hams, four strips of bacon, six enses of corned beef and corned beef hash, 36 cases of other canned goods, 240 pounds of assorted jellies and jam*» hags of beans, cases of macaroni, cases of cranberries, puddings, cheeses, cereal, dried fruits, nuts and candy, a case of flavoring extracts, spices, dates and prunes, drugs, medicines and a quantity of dehydrated vegetables—onions, pota toes, carrots, cabbages, cranberries, etc. from which the moisture has been extracted and which will return to their natural state upon being soaked in water. Somebody bad given a number of old automobile tires, to be lowered over, the sides m ice buffers. UP % The Bowdoin curries a wireless telegraph out fit. She has also a complete apparatus for lier scientific work. Two motion picture cameras and four miles of film, with which Doctor MacMillan plans to record the events of the trip, as well as the animul and bird life, form an important part of the expedition's equipment. The explorer also expects to be able to use the cameras, which are furnished with special high-speed lenses, in mak ing photographs of the aurora borealis, and lie will attempt, through photographs taken at dif ferent points, to measure the height of the north ern lights. And here's something clever. There's a motion picture machine and several reels of film for the benefit of the natives. These reels Include films which MacMillan made on a previous trip to the North. So, when the Eskimo see themselves pro jected against the side of an iceberg, they will be more likely to believe what the films show them of the white mun's country. And maybe they will not consider MacMillan a magician ! The explorers carry 20 rifles and shotguns and 10,00<» rounds of ammunition. These, of course, are for the securing of specimen animals and for the killing of game. These firearms may also save their lives, since if they have to desert the Bowdoin and make their way to civilization on foot, they will have to live off the country. This can be done, as Stefanson. Amundsen and others have proved to the world. Sir John Franklins two crews perished to a man on such a retreat to the North after an attempt to conquer the North west passage. The men were brave, but appar ently inadaptable. They perished in the midst of plenty. Of course the MacMillan party have no expec tations of footing it home across the ice. They hope to navigate the Bowdoin clear around Baffin Land. "One hundred years ago Parry left England on the Fury and the Hecla to negotiate a Northwest passage," said MacMillan. "He went Into Hudson bay south of Southampton island and followed the mainland of Canada northward till he reached Fury and Hecla straits. Here he stayed two years and found he was balked by Ice and a strong, rapid southward current. As fast as he sailed up he was driven back and he became dis couraged and quit. Never since has a ship at tempted this trip. That's why I had the little schooner Bowdoin built. Experience has shown that the small, hardy craft with a small crew works better than a large vessel and an exten sive expedition. The Bowdoin's 45-horsepower oil engine should give us a cruising radius of near ly 4,000 miles just with the fuel in our tanks, to say nothing of whale oil. We also can depend on our sails. I see no reason why we can't get home all right." Incidentally, as may he imagine«], Wiscasset had the time of its whole existence in the de parture of the Bowdoin. The event brought an Influx of visitors such as the town has never seen before. The entire local population, together with summer residents from surrounding resorts, and relatives and friends of the crew, thronged the wharves along the water front. Mingled with their cheers was the screech of whistles on harbor craft, fhe bellow of the fire siren and the penL of church bells. The harbor was dotted with launches, dories and other pleas ure craft. ^ To this spontaneous demonstration on the part of the populace was added the official valedictory of the state, pronounced by Ge". Perchai P. Bax ter. a personal friend of the explorer, just before the schooner left the dock. Under her full speed of eight and a half knots an hour the schooner, for the Ixneflt of the spec tators, made a complete circle around the harbor before heading down Siieepscot hay. The crowd remained on the docks and watched her until she passed Davis island and finally d happen red around Westport fsdi* I 1 C* & 4F$ ^Sr Them eases It appeals to everybody because of the pleasure and benefit it affords* AFTER EVERY MEAL The longest-lasting refresh ment possible to obtain* Sealed tight—kept right in its wax-wrapped impurity-proof package* £ & 5 The Flavor Lasts B9 w JUICY FRUIT CHEWING GUM VÖÖ Mil 0* pe No Danger. ' "Plat poker with a bunch of worn- i en'" "No, l can't take tln-ir money." "Don't worry. You won't." Every department of housekeeping needs Red Bross Ball Bine. Equally good for kitchen towels, table linen. , I (sheets and pillowcases, etc.—Adver- 1 1 tisement. Well, Well. "What's the row about?" "A welfare worker tried his stuff on a prominent uplifter." CATARRHAL DEAFNESS SÄ""&a&sc*VaÄ"Äic~e| Is a constitutional remedy. Catarrhal Deafness is caused by an inflamed con dition of the mucous lining of the Eusta chian Tube. When this tube is inflamed : you have a rumbling sound or imperfect I hearing, and when it is entirely closed Deafness Is the result. Unless the in- , flammation can be reduced, your hearing | may be destroyed forever. HALL^ ! CATARRH MEDICINE acts through the j blood on the mucous surfaces of the sys tem, thus reducing the inflammation and assisting Nature in restoring normal con ditions. Circulars free. All Druggists. F. J Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio.— Ad vertisement Many a man is given a soft answer be«'ause he is known to be a hard hitter. It 1« work of however humilie or iwl/ a lowly a s«»rt which brings peace. Important to Mothora Examine carefully every bottle of CASTORIA, that famous old remedy for infanta and children, and see that it Bears the Signatare In Use for Over 30 Years. Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria ma enuaren, ana see tnat u '> g £* w & Marriage is sometimes a failure, hut more often it's a compromise. Eruptions of the Skin Cause Torturous Itching If you are afflicted with any form of skin disorder, you are well acquainted with the flaming, burn ing itching that these diseases pro duce. Sk-'n diseases are caused by impurity or disorder in the bio . an - . — -------- ... — Jood, and there is no real and genuine» relief within your reach until such impurities are removed. S.S.S. has given great satisfac tion in the treatment of these dis orders, because it is such a thor IT Chill Tonic Not Only For Chills, Fever and Malaria BUT A FINE GENERAL TONIC There's a Reason. NeII-"Is it really true that you re going to divorce Bob' Bella— les, I'm tired of being alone." Cuticura Soap for the Complexion Nothing better than Cuticura Soap daily and Ointment now and then as needed to make the complexion clear, scalp clean and hands soft and white. Add to this the fascinating, fragrant Cuticura Talcum, and you have the Cuticura Toilet Trio.—Advertisement. : I , | ! j Too Communicative. "Clara holds her age well." "Yes, hut she tells everybody else's.' -Boston Transcript. Find the Cause! It isn't right to drag along feel ing miserable—half sick. Find out what is making you feel so badly and try to correct it. Perhaps your kidneys are causing that throbbing backache or those sharp, stabbing pains. You may have morning lameness, too, headaches, dizzy spells and irregular kidney action. Use Doan's Kidney Pills. They have helped thousands of ailing folks. Ask your n eightort An Arkansas Case Mrs. J. P. Burns, 822 W. Uth St. Bentonville, Ark., says: "My kidneys were weak. My back pained me I**S2? and when I stooped rd to over It «vas hai straighten up. I was nervous and didn't get much rest at night. I had d 1 z s y spells and was worn out and depressed. I began using Doan's Kid ney Pills and when I had finished the second box my kidneys were strength ened." Cat Doaa'i at Any Store. 60e a Box DOAN'S 'Ï.YlV FOSTER-M1LBURN CO.. BUFFALO. N. Y. oughly satisfactory blood purifier. It cleanses the blood of all impuri ties, and thus counteracts the ef fects of the germs that attack the skin. Begin taking S.S.S. today, and if you will write a complete history of your case, our medical adviser will give you expert advice without charge. Address Chief Medical Ad viser, 158 Swift Laboratory, Atlan ta, Ga. S. S. S. is not sold or rec ommended for venereal diseases.