OCR Interpretation

The patriot. (Glenmora, La.) 1918-1955, September 02, 1921, Morning, Image 2

Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064299/1921-09-02/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

4Ä x ¥ '
*■■■ w -
. *■**■•>
F Flft
' ": 3 *\.. \
f .. A
/ / /
y- -
D Baffin Land—just about now he is
saying good-by to civilization away up
on the coast of Labrador. And what
does the veteran explorer expect to
find? Probably he himself doesn't
know. But Baffin Land offers that
strongest of lures—the lure of the
unknown. And if MacMillan reaches
Its interior or Its west const and gets back to tell
the tale, two or three years from now we may be
hearing something new—and seeing it, for he in
tends to bring back moving pictures. Anyway, he
and his schooner, the Bowdoin, are off for Baffin
The truth is that Baffin Land is an undiscov
ered country. It was "discovered" away back In
the Seventeenth century (1584-1622) by William
Baffin—that is, that hardy English explorer dis
covered and charted Baffin bay, which lies be
tween Greenland and Baffin Land. So he neces
sarily discovered the east coast of Baffin Land.
But no man has ever sailed around Baffin Land.
And no white man has ever penetrated to its In
terior. i
cMillun therefore does not know what's
of him. But the Eskimo who live on the
aland have told him wondrous tales of tow en
mountains with great glaciers; vast lakes;
ds new to scjence and of great size : beautiful
»wers; herds of reindeer. The island, it Is es
ated, is about 1,000 miles from north to south—
rout Lancaster sound to the Gulf of Boothia. It
anywhere from 200 to 500 miles wide east to
west. Its east coast l\ne is an Ice-capped plateau
with an altitude of from 5,000 to 8,000 feet. The
Interior is supposed to be largely of rock, covered
with lee. The western eoast, vaguely indicated
on the maps, is drawn from statements made by
This western coast, according to stories told
MacMillan by Eskimo, Is inhabited by people who
have never seen a white man. So, one of the re
salts of the expedition may be moving pictures of
a primitive people untouched by civilization.
MacMillan thinks there Is coal, oil and mineral
wealth of various kinds on the island. Then
there is terrestrial magnetism to be studied from
observations taken near the magnetic pole. Also
the aurora borealis is to be photographed.
MacMillan is a veteran in Arctic exploration.
He was born in Provlncetown, Muss., in 187^ and
was a '98 track and gridiron star at Bowdoin.
In early life he taught the young idea how to
shoot He was in the Peary Arctic Club North
Polar Expedition of 1908-09: frozen feet put him
out of consideration for Peary's final dash to the
pole. He was a member of the Cabot Labrador
party In 1910 and did ethnological work among
the Eskimo of Labrador in 1911 and 1912. He
headed the Crocker Land exploring expedition in
1913. After four years during which time two re
lief parties were dispatched in search of him and
a third was formed, word came through that the
little party was safe at Etah, Greenland. He
hod learned that Crocker Land was largely a
The Baffin Land Arctic Exploration—the official
title of the little company that MacMillan will
command—is being financed by a group of
Bowdoin men. The plans provide for an ab
sence of two years. The plans do not provide
for a relief expedition. If the Bowdoin is crushed
In the Ice, the party will retreat by sled;» to Fort
Churchill, the trading post at the foot of Hudson
bay, and çeturn to civilization by way of North
ern Canada.
MacMillan has carefully selected his compan
ions. The members of the expedition, In most
Instances, he has known for years and several of
them have been his shipmates on previous voy
ages. His mate Is Jonathan Small ("Jot") of
Provlncetown, Mass., who was with him for four
years on the Crocker Land expedition and whom
the explorer describes as "througb-nnd-through
sailor, and the best story teHer I ever met.** An
other former shipmate is Thomas McCue of Bri
gus. Newfoundland, the cook, who was with the
explorer on a trip through Hudson bay last year.
Harold Whltehouse of Boothhay harbor, another
experienced sailor, is engineer.
Ralph P. Robinson of Haverhill. Mass., will l»e
tha exolorer's general cusist.nnt during the expe
®US.(oajt Guard
dition. He was a pupil of Doctor MacMillan at
Won-ester academy and later was associated
with him as director of summer 'camps in
Maine. He served in France during the war
ns a lieutenant of infantry, and since Ills return
had been physical director In the Haverhill pub
lic schools until he gave his resignation In June
to join the expedition.
Dawson Howell of Boston represents the Car
negie institute on the expedition as magnetic ob
server and will also serve as radio operator. He
is the son of a Pittsburgh lawyer and is a former
Trinity college football captain. Richard H. God
dard of Winthrop, a member of this year's grad
uating class at Dartmouth, where he was promi
nent in athletics, will be Howell's assistant.
The Bowdoin is small—just about the size of
the Discovery, Baffin's ship which, in 1616 was
the first to reach Baffin bay. But she has been
specially constructed for the expedition, and is
regarded as quite up-to-daty for ice work. She
Is SO feet 10 inches In length, of 115 tons dis
placement, 19 feet 7 inches beam and 9 feet 6
inches depth. She is of the knockabout auxiliary
type, equipped with a 45-horse power crude oil
burning engine that will drive her eight and a
half knots an hour. Tests of the engine with va
rious kinds of fuel have convinced MacMillan that
oil obtained from the Arctic whale can be utilized.
Though she had on board 2,800 gallons of fuel,
the sails will be used as much as possible, and
the motor be saved for emergencies among the
ice floes.
The Bowdoin's egg-shaped hull offers nothing
to which ice may cling. Under sufficient pressure
from Ice floes, ihstead of being crushed, the Pow
doin should be lifted out and be carried with
the pack. Her construction is very strong. The
frame of the hull Is planked with 3-inch white
oak, to which has been added at the water line
a 5-foot belt of greenheart or ironwood. This
armor is said to be capable of withstanding the
grinding action of ice better than steel or any
other material. Twelve tons of cement ballast
has been so placed as to eliminate any danger of
ice punching through engine ' room and tanks.
Her bow is sheathed by heavy steel plates. She
carries a spare rudder and propeller. It is be
lieved that her slight draft of 9*4 feet will make
it possible to drydock her on a beach at low tide
so that'repairs cah be made.
The forecastle is of great importance to a ship's
company in Arctic temperatures. The Bowdoin's
is large and has been laid out with special thought
for the comfort of the explorers, who will spend
much of their time there during the long winter
months. There Is a thick air space between the
outer and inner skins of the hull for insulation
against the cold and moisture. When winter sets
in a 8-foot covering of Ice and snow will be placed
over the entire schooner, with snow houses, after
the fashion of Eskimo igloos, to cover the hatch
ways. For heating purposes the vessel Is equipped
with oil heaters and kerosene for them. Cooking
will he done In a range with coal.
When the Bowdoin left Wlsfasset, Me., she was,
chock-a-block with a wonderful conglomeration of
articles. The explorers have many friends, and
gifts of all'kinds had been showered upon them.
In that packed cargo, were tobacco and matches
sufficient to last two years—2,800 gallons of oil,
14 tons of nut coal, enough to keep the galley
range hot for two years, flour enough for a like
period, 100 gallons of gasoline for lighting. 500
pounds of butter, 500 pounds of coffee, 13 cases
of tea, 100 pounds of lard, a barrel of molasses,
ten hams, four strips of bacon, six enses of corned
beef and corned beef hash, 36 cases of other
canned goods, 240 pounds of assorted jellies and
jam*» hags of beans, cases of macaroni, cases of
cranberries, puddings, cheeses, cereal, dried fruits,
nuts and candy, a case of flavoring extracts,
spices, dates and prunes, drugs, medicines and a
quantity of dehydrated vegetables—onions, pota
toes, carrots, cabbages, cranberries, etc. from
which the moisture has been extracted and which
will return to their natural state upon being
soaked in water. Somebody bad given a number
of old automobile tires, to be lowered over, the
sides m ice buffers.
The Bowdoin curries a wireless telegraph out
fit. She has also a complete apparatus for lier
scientific work. Two motion picture cameras and
four miles of film, with which Doctor MacMillan
plans to record the events of the trip, as well as
the animul and bird life, form an important part
of the expedition's equipment. The explorer also
expects to be able to use the cameras, which are
furnished with special high-speed lenses, in mak
ing photographs of the aurora borealis, and lie
will attempt, through photographs taken at dif
ferent points, to measure the height of the north
ern lights.
And here's something clever. There's a motion
picture machine and several reels of film for the
benefit of the natives. These reels Include films
which MacMillan made on a previous trip to the
North. So, when the Eskimo see themselves pro
jected against the side of an iceberg, they will be
more likely to believe what the films show them
of the white mun's country. And maybe they will
not consider MacMillan a magician !
The explorers carry 20 rifles and shotguns and
10,00<» rounds of ammunition. These, of course,
are for the securing of specimen animals and for
the killing of game. These firearms may also
save their lives, since if they have to desert the
Bowdoin and make their way to civilization on
foot, they will have to live off the country. This
can be done, as Stefanson. Amundsen and others
have proved to the world. Sir John Franklins
two crews perished to a man on such a retreat to
the North after an attempt to conquer the North
west passage. The men were brave, but appar
ently inadaptable. They perished in the midst
of plenty.
Of course the MacMillan party have no expec
tations of footing it home across the ice. They
hope to navigate the Bowdoin clear around Baffin
"One hundred years ago Parry left England on
the Fury and the Hecla to negotiate a Northwest
passage," said MacMillan. "He went Into Hudson
bay south of Southampton island and followed the
mainland of Canada northward till he reached
Fury and Hecla straits. Here he stayed two
years and found he was balked by Ice and a
strong, rapid southward current. As fast as he
sailed up he was driven back and he became dis
couraged and quit. Never since has a ship at
tempted this trip. That's why I had the little
schooner Bowdoin built. Experience has shown
that the small, hardy craft with a small crew
works better than a large vessel and an exten
sive expedition. The Bowdoin's 45-horsepower
oil engine should give us a cruising radius of near
ly 4,000 miles just with the fuel in our tanks, to
say nothing of whale oil. We also can depend
on our sails. I see no reason why we can't get
home all right."
Incidentally, as may he imagine«], Wiscasset
had the time of its whole existence in the de
parture of the Bowdoin. The event brought an
Influx of visitors such as the town has never seen
before. The entire local population, together
with summer residents from surrounding resorts,
and relatives and friends of the crew, thronged
the wharves along the water front.
Mingled with their cheers was the screech of
whistles on harbor craft, fhe bellow of the fire
siren and the penL of church bells. The harbor
was dotted with launches, dories and other pleas
ure craft. ^
To this spontaneous demonstration on the part
of the populace was added the official valedictory
of the state, pronounced by Ge". Perchai P. Bax
ter. a personal friend of the explorer, just before
the schooner left the dock.
Under her full speed of eight and a half knots
an hour the schooner, for the Ixneflt of the spec
tators, made a complete circle around the harbor
before heading down Siieepscot hay. The crowd
remained on the docks and watched her until she
passed Davis island and finally d happen red around
Westport fsdi*
It appeals to everybody
because of the pleasure
and benefit it affords*
The longest-lasting refresh
ment possible to obtain*
Sealed tight—kept
right in its wax-wrapped
impurity-proof package*
The Flavor Lasts
No Danger. '
"Plat poker with a bunch of worn- i
en'" "No, l can't take tln-ir money."
"Don't worry. You won't."
Every department of housekeeping
needs Red Bross Ball Bine. Equally
good for kitchen towels, table linen. ,
I (sheets and pillowcases, etc.—Adver- 1
1 tisement.
Well, Well.
"What's the row about?"
"A welfare worker tried his stuff on
a prominent uplifter."
Is a constitutional remedy. Catarrhal
Deafness is caused by an inflamed con
dition of the mucous lining of the Eusta
chian Tube. When this tube is inflamed :
you have a rumbling sound or imperfect I
hearing, and when it is entirely closed
Deafness Is the result. Unless the in- ,
flammation can be reduced, your hearing |
may be destroyed forever. HALL^ !
CATARRH MEDICINE acts through the j
blood on the mucous surfaces of the sys
tem, thus reducing the inflammation and
assisting Nature in restoring normal con
Circulars free. All Druggists.
F. J Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio.— Ad
Many a man is given a soft answer
be«'ause he is known to be a hard
It 1« work of however humilie or
iwl/ a
lowly a s«»rt which brings peace.
Important to Mothora
Examine carefully every bottle of
CASTORIA, that famous old remedy
for infanta and children, and see that it
Bears the
In Use for Over 30 Years.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria
ma enuaren, ana see tnat u
'> g £* w &
Marriage is sometimes a failure, hut
more often it's a compromise.
Eruptions of the Skin
Cause Torturous Itching
If you are afflicted with any
form of skin disorder, you are well
acquainted with the flaming, burn
ing itching that these diseases pro
Sk-'n diseases are caused by
impurity or disorder in the bio
. an
- . — -------- ... — Jood,
and there is no real and genuine»
relief within your reach until such
impurities are removed.
S.S.S. has given great satisfac
tion in the treatment of these dis
orders, because it is such a thor
IT Chill Tonic
Not Only For Chills, Fever and Malaria
There's a Reason.
NeII-"Is it really true that you re
going to divorce Bob' Bella— les,
I'm tired of being alone."
Cuticura Soap for the Complexion
Nothing better than Cuticura Soap
daily and Ointment now and then as
needed to make the complexion clear,
scalp clean and hands soft and white.
Add to this the fascinating, fragrant
Cuticura Talcum, and you have the
Cuticura Toilet Trio.—Advertisement.
Too Communicative.
"Clara holds her age well."
"Yes, hut she tells everybody else's.'
-Boston Transcript.
Find the Cause!
It isn't right to drag along feel
ing miserable—half sick. Find out
what is making you feel so badly
and try to correct it. Perhaps your
kidneys are causing that throbbing
backache or those sharp, stabbing
pains. You may have morning
lameness, too, headaches, dizzy
spells and irregular kidney action.
Use Doan's Kidney Pills. They have
helped thousands of ailing folks.
Ask your n eightort
An Arkansas Case
Mrs. J. P. Burns,
822 W. Uth St.
Bentonville, Ark.,
says: "My kidneys
were weak. My
back pained me
and when I stooped
rd to
over It «vas hai
straighten up. I
was nervous and
didn't get much
rest at night. I had
d 1 z s y spells and
was worn out and
depressed. I began using Doan's Kid
ney Pills and when I had finished the
second box my kidneys were strength
Cat Doaa'i at Any Store. 60e a Box
oughly satisfactory blood purifier.
It cleanses the blood of all impuri
ties, and thus counteracts the ef
fects of the germs that attack the
Begin taking S.S.S. today, and if
you will write a complete history
of your case, our medical adviser
will give you expert advice without
charge. Address Chief Medical Ad
viser, 158 Swift Laboratory, Atlan
ta, Ga. S. S. S. is not sold or rec
ommended for venereal diseases.

xml | txt