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ENTERPRISE. J It. LAWTON, Keillor und Proprietor. DEVOTED TO THE ADVANCEMENT OF IIOME INTERESTS. VOLUME XVI. NEW IBERIA, LA., SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 1900. Subscription, $1.50 per Annum. NUMBER 20 W * î S ^ î & Job Printing Did You Say? Well, we should rather think we ARE prepared to turn it out. If you are an 'unbeliever' one trial order will suffice for your conversion. New Presses. 4M,' Mew Type. m m**w Neat Execution. Thats Our Drawing Card. And we never fail to 'ketch on* to your second order. Prices ? Now friend, really, that's the most insignificant part of our business. We don't want the earth and we despise wrangling You'll find us keeping right up with the proces sion when it comes to PRICES N. B.-Look for us in the first set of fours just behind the band wagon. DROP IN AND SEE US. NEW BERU ENTERPRISE. P0#> FFICE BUILDING. The Enterprise. OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF IBERIA PARISH AND TOWN OF NEW IBERIA. SOUTHERN PACIFIC. Main Line. EAST BOUND. WK.ST BOCNP. No. .(>— 1:05 P. M. I No. 5— 1:0«.» P. M No. 8— 3:24 A. M. No. 7— 1:04 A. M No. 10— 2:20 P. M. | No. !»— 2:55 P. M Iberin A Vermillon and Salt v .VI 1 nu Branch. LEAVE— —ARRIVE No. 79- 3:10 P. M. I No. 78- 10:05 A. M St. Mnrtinvillts Branch. ItCAVE— —ARRIVE No. 71— 1:40 P. St. I No. 70- 12:30 P.M. Malls Arrive. FROM EAST-7 A. M. ; 1:20 P. M ; 3:05 P. »1. PROM WEST-7 A. M.; 1.20 P. M.; 2:30 P. M. From Abbeville, Derouen, Delcambre, Marcel, Avery and Erath, 10:20 A. M., daily. From Duboin and Lydia, 12 M., daily except Sunday. From Loreauville, 12 M. and 9 P. M., daily ex cept Sunday. From Morbihan, 12 M-, daily except Sunday. From St. Martinville, 12:30 P. M., daily. Malls Close. UOINO EA8T-12:40 P. M.; 2:20 P. M.; 7:30 P. M. GOING WEST-12:40 P.M.; 1:50 P. M.; 7:30 P. M. Abbeville, Avery Island, Delcambre, Derouen, Marcel and Erath mails close 3 P. M. daily. Duboin and Lydia mails close at 3 P. M., daily except Sunday. J 0 n Loreauville mail close« H A M. and S P. M., dally except Sunday. Morbihan mail closes 3 P. M., daily except St. Martinville mail closes 12:50 P. M. daily. THREE PECULIAR COTTON MILLS. BY N. P. T. FINCH, IN BIRMINUHAM AC.E-IIERAI.D. The twentieth century cotton raiser may be, in the latter decades at any rate, a man very different in all respects from the cotton grower that the civil war bequeathed to us. He may be as independent and as much of a wealth accumulator as his predecessor of the nineteenth century was dependent and poor. South Carolina seems to be point ing way to ultimate success in three enterprises that need mention with out reference to each other, but simply as three independent point ers to the possibilities of cotton cul ture in the next century. In Laurens county, at Goldville, a railroad station about midway between Newberry and Laurens, Mr. Blalock, wealthy planter, is preparing to erect on his plantation a cotton factory to cost about $80, 000. He already has in operation on his plantation a cotton seed oil mill. When the proposed cotton factory is in operation, containing proportionale nfl Biber Mr. Blalock will be prepared to carry his seed cotton to commercial firms, to his own profit, and the profit of his neigbors and the glory of his state. Mr. Blalock is perhaps the weal thiest and most resourceful planter in Sonth Carolina, and the example he is setting points the way to the re-establishment of the plantation on a firm basis; for when the planter can take to himself the net profits of all the processes* between the seed form and the commercial products, he can laugh at low prices for the raw material, while he meets the competition of the world. In order to do this he must be both a planter and a manufacturer. There is no other road to the rehabilitation of the planting interest on a foot ing of assured prosperity, and Mr. Blalock may be the forerunner of a long line of millionaire planters. At Edgefield a work of similar nature is going on prosperously Seven years ago the Edgefield Man ufacturing Company established in a modest way a public ginnery, a fertilizer factory and an oil mill, all in one building. About a year ago it added another building, and in the new building it placed spindles and looms. Thus amid the cotton fields of Edgefield county there are at one spot a ginnery, an oil mill, a fertilizer factory and a cotton mill. The Edgefield Com pany is a revolution in some re 8pect8, bat it is not a revolution as radical as Mr. Blalock's, because it does not grow cotton. But at Edgefield seed cotton alone is purchased. The factory pur chases seed cotton directly from the farmers' built-up wagons. The wagons are loaded in the surround ing fields, and driven directly to the factory, where the burden is automatically unloaded and carried to the gin stands. It may have been in bolls an hour before. After the ginning process is completed the stripped seeds are carried automatically either to large seed storage warehouses or to the oil mill. If to the latter, they are at onee freed from all dirt and other foreign matter, and are reginned in order to secure the short lint left by the first saws they were sub jected to. The seeds are then passed along to the machine for re moving the halls. These hulls are either stored in bnlk to be sold as food for cattle, or baled for ship meat, or mixed elsewhere in the mill with cottonseed meal, thus forming admirable cattle food. After the halls have been removed the kernels are passed through the heavy chilled rolls for the purpose of crushing the oil cells, and then the mass is plaoed in the heaters, where it is stirred and cooked by steam. The cooked material is then formed into cakes, and the oil is forced from them in powerful hy draulic presses. The cake that is left after the ex traction of the oil is then ground, becoming an article of commerce known as cottonseed meal. This meal is excellent food for cattle ; but the Edgefield plant, iu follow ing out its general design of con verting all products into their ulti mate form of usefulness, prefers either to mix the meal with the hulls, thus forming animal food of high value, or else to carry the meal to the fertilizer mill, where it is manipulated into brands of fertilizers suited to various soils and crops. Having followed the seed to its ultimate forms the lint next needs attention. In the Edgefield plant all the processes between ginning and spinning are eliminated, the loose lint beiug in a condition to be carried automatically to the lappers in the cotton mill. This cotton mill contains 5,000 spindles and 150 looms, with room for twice these numbers. It aims to make goods that oan be marketed in or near Edgefield. It is not seeking trade in China. Its hulls and meal, its fertilizers and its sheetings stamped with the figure of the tree that is an emblem of the state, are each and all sold at home. If its oil were turned into refined lard or oleomargarine or olive oil on the spot, every product of the seed cot ton would be marked and consumed at home. This is not, however, an essential feature of the plan. Let us see now how the account of a bale weighing 500 pounds stands at Edgefield. At 8 cent6 it would bring $40, to which should be added about $8 on account of the seed, making a total of $48, a sum by the way nearly double the amount that could have been gained from a sale of an equal amount of raw nejrear before. But in ory r,.wD ponncfis of seed cotton become : 3,200 yards of sheeting at 2% cents if 88.00 20 gallons of crude oil at 30 cents 0.00 800 pounds of feed or fertilizer 7.00 Total »101.00 Total »101.00 The resnlt is equivalent to 20-cent cotton, and all the gain is saved to Edgefield people, or very nearly all of it. The Edgefield plant is in successful operation. It is not a mere theory of a dreamer, but it shows daily what can be done in any town in the cotton belt by carry ing cotton to or towards ultimate products. It is a brave example on correct lines. It points the way. It is an approach to that complete evolution when a single southern mill will tarn cloth into clothing, seed into food for mankind or cattle the soil, and the balance of the plant or into paper. Edgefield is but a half-way house after all, but it is on the road to the terminal. This paper would be incomplete if it did not mention still another South Carolina venture. The Vesta Cotton Mill in Charelston employs 425 negro operatives. The super intendent and foremen are white men, but there are no white opera tives in the mill. "This mill," says a recent correspondent of the Honrton (Tex.) Post, "hasdemon strated that negroes can master cot ton mill work. They have no diff culty in operating the machines, and many soon make skilled effec tive workers. The body of the operatives are women and children. They readily learn to operate the machines, and they make good hands." The Vesta mill has been operated on the basis of negro labor three years ; and if it can handle to ad vantage negro labor other mills can do likewise, and in that way the snrplns negro population of the sooth can be employed, and an ample supply of labor can always be secured even if every large plantation of the future has its own cotton mill ; and until the cotton grower does carry on the spot the productof the soil to ultimate forms, he will not reap the profit that is legitimately his own, and that is within his grasp, as Mr. Blalock in Laurens county, S. C., will soon demonstrate beyond successful con tradiction. "Through the months of June and July our baby vu teething and took a running off of the bowels and sickness of the atomaeh," says 0. P. M. Holliday, of Deining, Ind. "His bowels would move from five to eight times a day. I had a bottle of Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy in the house and gam him four drape in a teaspoon ful of water and he got better at onee." Sold by Jamee A. Lee. IMPENDING IMPERIALISM. All that the people of this age boast to be now is doubtless older than we think. History repeats itself ; human affairs seem to move in cycles, and peculiar phases of political and social life recur at intervals. The wisest man that ever lived wrote this: "The thing which hath been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done, is that which shall be done, and there is no new thing under the sun. Is there anything whereof it may be said, See this is new? It hath been already of old time which was before us." We know not with any certainty what progress was made by the an cients in scientific discovery, but monumental remains and scraps of history give startling information concerning ancient works that would be considered wonderful in in any age. The builders of the Egyptian pyramids had the means of cutting, transporting and hoisting into place stones so vast that to haudle them would tax all the engineering science of to-day. There are re cords of ships used for carrying wheat across the Mediteranean that equaled many of the largest modern vessels, being 420 feet long, with 76 feet breadth of beam, 20 feet draft, with a total displacement when loaded equal to 27,000 tons. That the ancients possessed the art of cutting the hardest gems and of fashioning them into lenses to aid the vision is undoubted. It does not appear that they knew and used steam and electricity for economic purposes, but Hiero's steam engine is at least suggestive. One reason why we know so lit tle of the scientific progress of the ancients is that so many cities, with their libraries and depositories of knowledge, were burnt and des troyed ; but their architecture and sculpture were so perfect, and their literature so noble and splen did, that much must be taken for granted concerning their scientific progress. a efnment, several of the ancient na tions had passed through all the stages of despotism and democracy to dospotism again, illustrating the changes in transitions of govern mental methods and the evolu tion of liberty to its culmina tion and final fall. These changes of political conditions are most graphically set forth by Froude, in the introduction to his "Life of Caesar." In that chapter the his torian describes with wonderful vividness scenes that might well have been drawn from transactions and events of the present day, in this great Nineteenth-Century Re public, instead of from the events of nineteen centuries ago : The Roman Republic, the greatest free governmental system of an tiquity, and, until the rise of the American Republic, the greatest in the world, was first a nation in which the people by the people maintained a system of free insti tutions for the public good. The Commonwealth of the Roman peo ple was maintained through many foreign wars and vicissitudes until the great civil war which broke out B. C. 90. Out öf its slaughter and turmoils arose Julius Caesar. After him came the empire. Pretty Children "We have three children. Before the birth of the last one my wife used four bot tles of MOTHER'S FRIEND. If you had the pictures of our children, you could see at a fiance that the last one ll healthiest, prettiest and finest-looking: of them all. ■y wife thinks Mother's Friend is the greatest and grandest remedy In the world for expect ant mothers."— Written by a Ken tncky Attorney-at -Law. purs rniryil prevents nine-tenths of the i HI l IIII suffering incident to child* 1 uibpu Mrflu fhccoming mother'i «tfadMrn and temper remain unruffled throughout the ordeal, becausc this relax" tag, penetrating Uniment relieves the usual distress. A good-natured mother is pretty sure to hare a good-natured child. Ike patient is kept In a strong, healthy conditton, which the child also Inherits. Matter's Friend takes a wife through tM crisis quickly and almost painlessly. assists In her rapid recovery, and wardi off the dangers that so often follow de* livery. am bjr draggtou far St a MOs. THE BRADFIELD REGULATOR CO. 9 ATLANTA, OA. flinfl far oar (ne ill nitrated book writtea »«pr—Ifr (or expectant mother*. The historian, describing the con ditions which had already come into existence or were rapidly tak ing shape, says : "The early Romans possessed the faculty of self-govornment beyond any people of whom we have his torical knowledgo, with the one ex ception of ourselves. In virtue of their temporal freedom, they be came the most powerful nation in the world, and their liberties per ished only when Rome became the mistress of conquered races, to whom she was unable or uuwilling to extend lier privileges. If there be one lesson which his tory clearly teaches, it is this : that free nations cannot govern subject provinces. If they are unable or unwilling to admit their dependen cies to share their own constitution, the constitution itself will fall in pieces from mere incompetence for its duties. * * * * With such vividness, with such transparent clearness, the age stands before us of Cato and Pom pey, of Cicero and Julius Caesar; the more distinctly because it was an age in so many ways the coun terpart of our own, the blossoming period of the old civilization, when the intellect was trained to the highest point which it could reach and on the great subjects of human interest, on morals and politics, on poetry and art, even religion itself and the speculative problems of life, men thought as we think, doubted where we doubt, argued as we argue, aspired and struggled af ter the same objects. It was an age of material pro gress and material civilization ; an age of civil liberty and intellectual culture ; au age of pamphlets and epigrams, of saloons and dinner parties, of senatorial majorities and electoral corruption. The highest offices of state were open in theory to the meanest citi zen ; they were confined, iu fact, to those who had the longest purses, or the most ready use of the tongue on popular platforms. Distinc tions of birth had been exchanged for distinctions of wealth. The struggles between plebians affttpatrici an s f or' equali ty* orprîv= at II ilege were over, and a new division had been formed between the party of property and a party who de sired a change in the structure of society. Patriotism survived on the lips, but patriotism meant the ascenden cy of the party who would main tain the order of things, or would overthrow it for a more equal dis tribution of the good things which alone were valued. Religion, once the foundation of the laws and rule of personal con duct, had subsided into opinion. The educated, in their hearts, dis believed it. Temples were still built with increasing splendor ; the established forms were scrupulous ly observed. Public men spoke conventionally of Providence, that they might throw on their oppo nents the odium of impiety; but-of genuine belief that life had any serious meaning, there was none remaining beyond the circle of the silent, patient, ignorant multitude. To make money—money by any means, lawful or unlawful—became the universal passion. Money! The cry was still money ! Money was the one thought from the highest senator to the poorest wretch who sold his vote in the Comitia. For money, judges gave unjust decrees and juries gave corrupt ver dicts. Governors held their prov inces for one, two or three years. They went out bankrupts from ex travagance ; they returned with millions for fresh riot. The nobles and great common ers of Rome rapidly found them selves in possession of revenues which their fathers could not have imagined in their dreams, and mon* ey in the stage of progress at which Rome had arrived was convertible into power. To obtain a province was the first ambition of a Roman noble. The road to it lay through the preatorsbip anq became the prizes of the State ; and, being in the gift of the people, they Vere •ought after by means which de moralized alike the givers and the receivers. The elections were managed by clubs and coteries; and, except on occassions of na tional danger or political excite ment, those who spent most freely were most certain of success. Un der these conditions the chief pow ers in the commonwealth necessarily centered iu the rich. There was no longer an aristocracy of birth, still less of virtue. • * * The door of promotion was open to all who had the golden key." Those startling scenes were pict of in to or ; of as ured from the events which attend ed the conversion, niueteeti hund red years ago, of the earth's great est free government into a bloody and ferocious despotism. Many of the occurrences which marked that fatal transition far back in the hoary past are every day transac tions in the Great Republic of to day. Iu the blaze of the glory of the most enlightened age the world ever knew the march towards im perialism and the downfall of lib erty seems already to have been commenced. But it is only in its first stages. A great uprisiug of the people can put a stop to it. The fatal move ment can at least be arrested for generations, even if it is inevitable in the end. All depends on the virtue and patriotism of the people. If they %vill rise in their might they can save their Republic and their free institutions. Hut since there is nothing new under the sun, the possibilities of the overthrow of the Great Republic of the West arise like dark clouds on the hori zon. They threaten what we know not. Let all true freemen prepare for the storm.— K. O. Picayune. Chines« are dangerous enemies, for they arc treacherous. That's why all counter feits of DeWitt's Witch Ilazel Salve are dangerous. They look like DeWitt's, but instead of the all-healing witch hazel they all contain ingredients liable to irritate the skin and cause blood poisoning. For piles, injuries and skin diseases use the original and genuine DeWitt's Hazel Salve. Julius Koch. The Single Tax In English Politics. of of One of the most interesting ar ticles in the August number of the Forum is contributed by Mr. Thomas Burke, a member of the Liverpool. Municipal Council, on the subject of "Social Reform and and the General Election." In Mr. Burke's opinion, the approach ing general election in England, but for the outbreak of hostilities between Great Britain and the South African republics,would have been fought on the question of the taxation of land values. The prominence of this question in British politics at the present time is rather difficult to explain, but Mr. Burke shows that-Ü». siegle tax i* regarded by large numbers of the British working classes as the root of the movement for social reform. As Mr. Burke puts it: "The strength of the movement so far has lain in the growing needs of the large towns, the growth of taxation, the serious problem of housing the working classes, the provision of open spaces, etc.— matters to which it is very difficult to give a partisan twist. At the same time it is beyond dispute that the Liberal party is much more advanced on this question than its opponents, who are hampered by the great landowners—Tories for the most part; and there is no doubt that the Liberals would have made it their battle-cry but for the turn events have taken in South Africa." Mr. Burke states the main causes for the interest taken in the land question, which has come to be regarded as a great moral movement rather than a poli tical one, as "(1) the gradual de crease in the acreage under culti vation ; (2) the crowding of the great cities, with the inevitable casual labor and the concomitant evil of drink; and (3) the bad housing of the poor, which is the certain result of our present un land system." satisfactory system." A Tejrus Wonder. hall's great discovery. One small bottle of Hall's Great Dis covery cures all kidney and bladder troubles, removes gravel, cures diabetes, seminal emissions, weak and lame backs, rheumatism and all irregularities of the kidneys, and bladder in both men and women, regulates bladdertroublesin child ren. If not sold by your druggist will be sent by mail on receipt of »1. One small bottle is two months' treatment, and will cure any case above mentioned. Dr. E. W. Hall, sole manufacturer, P. O. Box 629, St. Louis, Mo. Send for testimonials. Sold by all druggists and Albert Estorge. read this. New Iberia, La., March 11, 1899.—E. W. Hall, St. Louis, Mo.:—I am 60 years old, and have used a number of preparations for kidney and bladder troubles, but can truthfully say that nothing has proved effective as your great discovery, which can cheerfully recommend. Jos. A. Carlin , Kayne, La. Minister Conger, cabling the State Department, says the lega tioners will not leave Pekin until ordered to do so by their respective governments, and that, in order to secure their safe departure, foreign troops sufficient to guard 800 foreigners, including 200 women and children, as well as 3000 na tive Christians, who cannot be abandoned to certain massacre, must be sent. COLLIX H AGUE CURE is without doubt t he finest medicine it has ever been our lot to come in contact with. In addi tion to its chill qualities it is the finest liyer medicine we have ever taken. We know whereof we speak. This medicine is on sale at Koch's Drug Store. The Jolly Girl j Often changes to the jaded woman. "I cen't sec what's come over Mary ; 6he j used to be such a jolly girl," was the I remark of a young woman visiting a married school mate. Marriage changes a wom an. The drains and pains which are so often the sequence of marriage rob her ot" all vital ity. Give her back her former strength a n tl she'll he as i* 7» & \ "jolly " wife she was maid. Doctor Pierce s Favor ite Prescription gives back the lost strength by re - establishing the health of the delicate womanly or gans. It dries tne drains and stops the pains. It cures ulcera tion, inflamma tion and female weakness. It makes weak women strong and sick women well. "Kor two years I had been a sufferer from chronic diseases and female weakness," writes Mrs. Allen A Hobson, of 1125 Rodman Street, Philadelphia, Pa. "I had two different doctors, and they gave me medicine which only relieved me for a time. My niece advised rae to take Dr. Pierce's Pavorlte Prescription 1 con cluded that to open a correspondence with you for your advicc would be safest, so I did, and be w have been highly benefited. I fyirt that after len Mi îng your aavice in regard to local treatment, I tjnri that 1 taking six bottles of ' Favorite Prescription • and five 01 'Golden Medical Discovery' aud follow adv' ain now a strong woman la woman Accept ray sincere thanks lor the interest manifest«! in my case and the happy results obtained." Sick women are invited to consult Dr. Pierce by letter free. Correspondence pri vate. Andreas Dr. R V I'ierce, Buffalo, N. V. The South African Campaign. So greatly has the Chinese trouble mon opolized public attention that the course of events in South Africa has been to a great extent lost sight of. Although in its last throes, the resistance ot' the Koers is still kept up, but it has long since ceased to be a campaign directed by some supreme head. Each commander now acts for himself, without regard for the course pursued by the other Boers. The various bands still continue to attack Lord Roberts' line of communication and to strike isolated garrisons, but the principal leaders are being gtadually pushed harder and harder, until it is becoming evident that they aie exhausting their supplies both of food and ammunition, and that the final submission must soon come. $JOO Reward $JOO. The readers of this paper will be ploas ecKo learn that there is at least one dread ed disease that science has been able to euro in all its stages, aud that is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure is the only positive cure known to the medical fraternity. Ca tar rh b^iii^a c ons titwtion^ disea s^.^re Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acting directly upon the blood and mucous sur faces of the system, thereby destroying the foundation of the disease, and giving the pationt strength by building up the constitution and assisting nature in doing its work. The proprietors have so much faith in its curative powers, that they offer One Hundred Dollars for any case that it fails to cure. Send for list of tes timonials. Address, F. J. Chenf.v & Co., Toledo, o. Sold by Druggists, 75c. Hall's Family Pills are the best. as I be We Hall's Family Pills are the best. It has been suggested that the best method of disposing of the hand-organ pro blem would be to adopt tho custom in vogue in Boston. In that center of music and art is given once a year what might be called a hand-organ recital. On a day previously announced, all the hand-organs in the city are gathered at ono place, and each organgrinder in turn plays for the benefit of tho censor. If the music is up to the Bostonese standard a license is granted to the organ-grinder, if it be of the wheezy, squeaky variety the owner is re quested to seek some other community where that kind of music is appreciated.— AV'tr York Mail Express. The wolf in tho fable put on sheep's clothing bocause if he traveled on his own reputation he couldn't accomplish his pur pose. Counterfeiters of DeWitt's Witch Hazel Salve couldn't sell their worthless salves on their merits, so they put them in boxes and wrappers like DeWitt's. Look out for them. Take only DeWitt's Witch Hazel Salve. It cures piles and all skin diseases. Julius Koch. •'What you want iuyour campaign," said the man who gives advice freely "is some good public speakers." "No, sir." an swered Senator Sorghum. "We've got to have orators, of course, for the sake of ap pearance ; but everybody knows nowadays much of the effective work is done on the quiet, man to man. What we want is some good private speakers."— Washing ton Star. _ _ Millions will be spent in politics this year. We can't keep the campaign going without money any more than we can keep the body vigorous without food. Dyspeptics used to starve themselves. Now Kodol Dyspepsia Cure digests what you eat and allows you to eat all tho good fowl you want. It radically cures stomach troubles. Julius Koch. — . Emile Zola expresses his deep sympa thy with Maitre Labori, who has been so boycotted because of his part in the Drey fus case, and in a recent interview urged that every possible support and aid be given to the brave lawyer. "My baby was terribly sick with the diarrhoea," saysJ. H. Doak, Williams, Oregon. "We were unable to cure him with the doctor's assistance, und as a last resort we tried Chamberlain's Colic, Chol era and Diarrhoea Remedy. I am happy to say it gave immediate relief and a com plete cure." For sale by James A. Lee. The emperor of Japan is about to display iu his galleries with high honors a [>ortrait of the late Walter Q. Gresham, secretary of state under President Cleveland. This tribute comes as a recognition of Mr. Ore sham's sei vices in carrying through the treaty between Japan and this eountry. To Cure Chilli* and Fever. Take Dr. Mendenhal's Chill and Fever Cure. If it fail's to cure any case of Chills and Fever, no matter of how long standing, vour money will be refunded. Pleasant to take, and can be taken by delicate per sons who cannot take Quinine. Price, 50 cents. Sold by Estorge Drug Co.