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UJJTION IN SPAIN'S 3IOST JIPOR1TANT COLONY. the Spanish Possessions Have 1 indled Away-Tihe Bold and Intrepid Malalays--. Glance at .Manilla. rFAI, which, when tc sunited States were born, was mistress of the sas, owner of one-half the world, which poured gold tribute in ier lhp, now lies hum eU and decrpit, torn ,by internal dis ions and ,nagel in a hopeless ef -tto retain as her Fubjects the few a.ing cohlonive of her once enor possession. Cb has !liLoit gained its inule there is ::n utorerCak in the lpi which threatens to be ,ly as successiuli, and the smoider qtires of p-ti)lm1 in u.'erto Rico bichhave tliahcd up now and again renten to burn the ties that loosely ind her to Sp,'; . One hunred ,:lyr; Cr, says the .Cgo '.Li',',--, raid, ten milion -are miles o, An\:.tuic u territory 1 ,eld to Sp:atin's ioliiini oiA and. toiled aesdufl th:c t iio mlrilht equanl ider elthu wAliton lu:;ries. IHral of orth Aner Ica, 1,.arly alil of South ericanwl the Let u tni.es were at rt of tie rich cý lnies which paid ibnte to Spui1. To-lhay Coba ,1n1 aerto RE(c)o aItiie r.emiun, two small lhd with only 1t,200 squi:iro miles teriitor , :u! one oof there latnds ncar:y won ry ii: ;I ret'doie, while in :a ooth or two I'uerto ile(o will attelpt obtain the I i.!t o' sel f-govermniucut. There were tlhen fi:,= l-o sessions iu Siln.l Al r:ca, with inntinll terile i i Is that in every sea uckno;wiledcced iegance to the S.o:anisht throne. 'So ther the are:a of the Empire was 17, 0,10 square I:ies-, twicve as great a rritory as is ruled byi the C:ar of asia, mid six times as great fts lRome: led, while Grci.t ritain's flag flies ,da over leCs than two-thirds ,:s aeh ground. From the rumagnifieent Spanish Ern eof a century ago muoro than oIre adred dfiferent commonwealhis se been carv': . ore are now be. g made. The first of the colonies to emulato ba's example is the Philippine Isl ds, the largest aud most important "t, ý t If, :.~ . m - . . , w 1 f.a c t SSpain's rcmrniua possessions. er tree tiwes ale ltre pai tUa, --O --of her 10,000,000 colonil = lioive in the nislndt. the - 1, whe n a "consi:ire. y" to ciareomn!ete inindg)posnse irom OdShnisio crown 0,0as di0cooreni. .lati lands and 2000 troops were etiled. This was followed a wthok ter by an insurreotion in Matlnilhr, NN·\·~ --, .... TL.,O 01 CIVIL7IZ :I)U[:L~ ICI T:II Pr:HrTPPINý?'ý echief city of the islands. A state I siego wa, Prclai:uel and another lthreak in the fortilied town of wita, in the is land of Lu;:.gn, as averted. The insurrents, who weYconstatly ivinereasc d in nurmbners, S'oe0eeged the garrison of San I;irho, the lroviuc ot Nuev.t Eun a, but re driven bac:. 'Meanwhile the lit, undera Ceneral named Ga n -0, have :n0lm other succesfaul Th, hounauds of natives are I to his st .ndard, and signs of "treetion re aPparent in Bultmc;:n, :pan :a n l as. MIore troops -ebetrn requeted from Spain. entr thousa:d,l have embarked and ers are to follow. The conditions in that country are Ven ort favorable for guerrilhl war Stbhat in Cuba, anl tlie natives are brave and make excellent soldiers. i'e in Cuba the Spaniards must tra marshes, in the Philippines they must traverse the sea. TI the arohi. pelago there are 600 islands in a chain which stretches nearly 1100 miles from north to south, and at the widest point is almost 700 miles in width. The Spanish soldier must journey from island to island and conquer each one in turn, a tedious undertaking, which would cost Spain hundreds of thou sands of soldiers, and the flower of her young manhood has already died .Spain and h2er olonies. 1: t is O great importance to Spain, which has held it since 1521, when Magellan discov ered the islands. Only once, in 1762, did it pass out of her possession. Then Iugland held it, bul surrendered it shortly aftqrwrd. ,Spain has often trembled lest she might lose the Philippines. Japan has recently regarded them with covetous eyes. The islands are at least as large -p IT rx> LL(rL ~FGPT OP '[VlIT T, , C'IJTF CY'~lY OF' Ti'If PIIILPPI'~fl IYLXNDS. Sin Cuba. Each island is a mountain fortress, which can be easily held against attack. There are few plains which furnish open ground for the employment of modern military t.tct, ics. '['ho population consists chiefly of nantives,mio:tly :\llays, bold and inter lpidl, the race which sluplried the buc caucer of old vwith the Malay sailors and fighters who are familiar to all readers of diction. \hi b,, raining their lighting a'bili tie:, these deseeulants of pirates are NATIVE WEAPONS. east. Tihey still, however, affect the savage dress, except in the most pop ulous districts, little clothing being worn beyond a loin cloth by the men and a short shirt by the women. They live in huts of pine branches and till the land. Very few of the ancient race survive, and they alone are unamen able to civilization. These, whc, num ber less than 20,000, are called ne gritoes. or little negroes. But the other 6,000.000 natives who furnished the pirate captains with their crews were the most powerful savages in the world. They are phys ically ,rave and fear no consequences, when in battle lighting lith the all (c(nquering Arabs who fought tinder the standard of Mahomet. They need only good oflieers, in the opinion of military ex;;crts, to make them excel lent troopsvive. nd th alones was proved in theo ciTilizonqtion war, when a continent of Philippi netroops redlered valuable service to the French. Thare necessary officers will be supplied by the Cau casians, who live in Manilla. These are of Spanish, German and Mexican descent, with a sprinkling of English and Spaniards. Manilla has 200,000 population, of which one-third are Europeans. Very few of these are Spaniards or bound by any tie to the mother u n ntry. That they are ready to lead the na tives has been sho.vn by the fact that one of the first town to rebel was Ma nilla. This city is a strongly fortified town on nthe Islnd of Luzon, inclosed I by a line oA ramparts, and because of its strategetical importance was for Smerly regarded as the bulwark of Spanish pooicer in the Eastern seas. i The Governor-General, who is the inruler of the island, lives there, and receives reports from the forty-three I governors and alcaldep who rule the other provinces. The town is divided ofby a river into two parts, on one side esof which live the olcials and on the other the merchants, between whomey f there is little frien pnirds or boundhip. t~here is litt~le friendship. Philippine merch'uts suffer many hardships at the hands of their Span ish rulers. and, like other coionists, are overtaxcd. Ileavy import and ex port duties averaging 100 per cent, of the cost are leviea, and, in spite of the complaints of the trader.s, no relief has been granted. They believe that if the Spanish restrictions on trade were removed -Janilla would become one of the greatest ports in the world. As a center of trade the city has every natural aivantage, including a harbor large enough to .:c.omrmod ate all the navies of the worlt. The Philip pines lie off southeastern Asia, and to its other advantages is added the fact that Manilla is in a commanding posi tion on the main routes of eastern navi gation. Travelers assert that the capi tal occupies the finest commercial posi tion of any city in the world, and un til 1811 it served as the chief inter mediate station for the trade between_ as Japan, and under her rule would be as prosperous. They are within con venient reach, andc1 hal not Russia checked the Mikado's progress as an Asiatic power they might have laIlea into his hhands. Should the revolution in the Philip pines prove sulcessful, similar at tempts would be maVle in Sp.ain's othler Asiatic island possessions. Cuban agents are said to have persuaded the 1 Phili'pies to revolt, and it is sail they are 2::ready at wor: in the Sailn Islandis, .Palv:s, the Carolines and the Mri::nne Ilslands. These are stin1a;r in extent, with an a':.roe~ate o' 19!! sqratre miles and 125,0I1)) popiulation. By themselves they are powe:'les,. but they would join ihe Philippin iiepub lie. They are ;nW.der the same n ,imin istration, sutler the same hardships, are inhabited ' by similar r:Lces anl :able to the same influences. A i'OLICEW O3.LL The Only One in the World Lives in St. Paul. The first woman to be made a mem ber of a police force, and the only one in the world authorized to wear a police star, lives at St. Paul, Minn. Her name is Mrs. Edwin T. Boot, and she has just been created a full-fledged officer of the law by the Mayor of St. Paul. Mrs. Root may not walk a beat, but no representative of the law in the city has any more authority to arrest people than she. Hers is not a "special" appointment, but the same as that of the man who wears blue and I brass and swings a club. The cause of MIrs. Root's ambition is not a desire for notoriety, but to enable her to bettor aid young girls who have fallen into evil ways. She has long been en gaged in this work, but found herself 1. MR: , E. T. ROOT. (A regula: mimber of the police force of St. Paul.) seriously hi:ndicapped by lack of authority to investigate. So she applied to the Mayor for the appoint ment she has received. Mrs. Root is President of the Ham line Woman's Christian Temperance Union, which under her management 2 has doubled its membership since 1894 and became the largest organiza tion oe its idind in the country. She made persistent war on a saloon where young girls were in the habit of assembling, an, after a great deal of trauble seonred the proprietor's con viction. It was in c.onnection with her rescue work that she needed the police star. She ms i slight, delicate looking women, of medium height and graceful demeanor. Dark brown eyes look out beneath delicately penciled eyebrows. She wears glasses but they add to rather than detract from her appearance. Her hair is a golden brown and her age is forty-six. By the death of Mrs, Mary Amos-a woman wIho moved in humble circum - stances-a remarkable English mis sums not often exceeding half a crown Sshe raised over £10,000 for the \es nle. yan Missionary Society. THE'` Qr411L'I.LO0OK1lNG PANGOLIN. Read Like a Rat, Trail Like a Bear and Claws Like a Lobster. Dame Nature has devised many curious forms of mammalian life, but she surpassed. herself when she de signed the strange creature which has lately found a home in the London Zoological Gardens. It is unlike any other animal to be found at the Zoo, yet it has parts which remind one of several. Its general shape is that of a cross between an armadillo and a ser pent. It has a head like a rat, claws like a bear, a tail not unlike that of a lobster and a general resemblance to a gigantic woodlouse. The name of this new arrival is the pangolin, and it belongs to the family of dasypodidae, which includes, also, those other remarkable animals, the; armadillo and the platypus. This is the tirst specimen which has been brought to the Zoological Gardens, and its treatment is therefore at present in the experimenta l stage. It is coveredawitl bony plates, each having a keen edge, and this cot of mail serves not only for nurposes. of defense, but for of fncne as well. For the animal can r;ing up its tail with a ferocious jerk, and as this part of its anatomy is stunlded, like the rest of its body, with razor edged plates, it constitutes a, weapon by no means to he despised. The pangolin's claws are largo and noweraul, a:dd are designed to tear down the great nests of the termite:, or white ants. for let it be known than tilhe ponular name of this freak of na. ture is the Sclty Ahut Eter. Sir. Em ersoin Tennanut found The animal in Ccoyloo, whv:ero it represents the only exampile of edentates, or toothless icami;al, in the island. But it it lacks tee'h it has a long, glutinous tongue, with w\hich it can slay its thousands. The creature is seldom still, but occu pies its time in moving forward and backward-that is, litcrally tail fore most--and its scales are so horny that they rus:tle and crackle against each other with a noise that can be heard many yards away from the cage. Sir Emerson Tennant says that the word pangolin is indicative of the faculty which the creature has "for rolling itself up into a compact ball, by bending its head toward its stom ach, arching its back into a circle, and ' IE PANGOLIN. secuming all by a powerful hold of its mail covcred tail. When at liberty they burrow in the dry ground to a f depth of seven or eight feet, where they reside in pairs, and produce an nually two or three young. "Of two specimens which I kept alive at differ eat times," he continues, "one from the vicinity of Candy, about two feet in length, was a gentle andaffectionate creature, which, after waidering over the houns in search of ants, would at tract attention to its wants by climb ing upon my knee and laying hold of my leg by its prehensile tail. The other, more than double that length, was caught in the jungle near Chilaw, and brought to me in Colomnbo. I had always understood that the pangolin was unable to climb trces, but the last one mentioned ascended a tree in my garden in search of ants, and this it el'fected by means of its hooked feet, aided by an oblique grasp of the tail. The ants it seized by extending its round and glutinous tongue along their tr'aeks. Generally speaking they were quiet daring the day, and grew restless as evening and night ap* preached. - ---~~ Anui-Pyrine as a Poison. The British Medical Journal does great service in calling attention to Sthe dangers which attend the adminis tration of anti-pyrine by amateurs. - It describes a case in which a dose of I ten grains produced very alarming Seffects. Anti-pyrine is undoubtedly a dangerous drug, which has a very severe effect upon the heart's action, - and the careless way in which the or 3 dinary amateur prescribes it for him Sself and his friends without the slight 3 est compunclions, is an ever increasing - sourceof danger. Anti-pyrineshould, 3 in the light of recent discoveries, be Sscheduled as a poison, for to some f people it is nothing short of a poison, f and we are inclined to think with the writer of the article in Question that I it should only be dispensed after the 3 order of a duly qualitied medical olfi, - cer has been obtained. t - a Faels About Camels. Y A camel has twice the carrying 5 power of an ox. With an ordinary t load of four hundred pounds he can a travel twelve or fourteen days without water, going forty miles a day. Cam els are fit to work at five years old, Sbut their strength begins to decline at twenty-five, although they usually . live to forty. The Tartars have herds Sof these animals, often 1000 belonging Sto one family. They were numerous . in antiquity, for the patriarch Job had 8000, A LIVELY POLITICAL $)1SCUSSION. I O _ // Gold . Silver. MI KOLA TESLA, boyl whol MI'E ROMANTIC BOYHOOD OF althi TilE GREAT ELECTRICIAN. him spen Shlis Juvenile Days Were Spent in abot g Bleak, Half-Civilized Monteuc- that 1 gro, His Native Latd --The ity t Future of Electricity. as of mon NT all probability Nikola Tesla del, I knows as much, if not more, of a about electricity than any other tica] man living. He stands at the sani head of those who, within the last be twenty years, have done more to forge that the bonds that have made the mystic whem a current the useful slave of human shot ' kind. And yet Nikola Tesla's boy. tags hood was mostly passed in a region where the people are hardly more than abol a half civilized in their ways; a region writ i over which Moslem and Christian have " a waged bloody combat for centuries; a e region of rugged, bleak mountains and i and narrow valleys and impetuous, vest Srushing torrents. This region is known lI1Ys v as Miontenegro. It is a narrow strip of country that lies between Austria 1 and Turkey, and. it takes its name 7 from its own sombre mountains. live 3 Nikola was born in the little village Sim I of Smiljan, province of Lika. less than s forty years ago. Hlis father was a Bud clergyman of the Greek Church, to is t which most Christians in Montenegro mar belong, and all through the boy's early son years his most numerous acquaintanees his must have been among the rough and Speasants of the neighborhood, some ofr ucl whom were poor beyond description, that t and many of whom were so ignorant old r that they could not even read. ly f But it must not be understood that habi nll those who dwell in iMoitcnegro are fami ignorant and uncultured. Among love their leaders are many who are highly stits - cultivated. Tesla's father being a lifet priest, he was, of course, an educated hus1 man,. and it was probably because he folc t saw that his son could not do his best also i in Montenegro that the boy was sent thei I away from home at thirteen. such When only a little boy Nikola was that 3 very fond of study. Not altogether of ti 3 the study cf books, but largely of r things, for, like all healthy boys, he ucl was interested in all that he saw about thes him. His early notion was that it was thus I a pity that a man should have to climb the the hills with which his home was sur- met rounded, since birds could fly "where- char ever they wished to go, and with such and small apparent effort. So, when only swes alittle chap of twelve, he set about mak- chrc ing a flying machine, using at old tant umbrella for the foundation. Un- shar doubtedly he, had the same general cam ideas that were later adopted by Herr lady - Lillienthal, the German who was killed nice * the other day in one of his experi- was Y ments, for, like Lillienthal, young ful a Tesla's plan wes to start his flight by he v o jumping from the top of a hill. His com interest in flying died out, however, bett ° when he fell and was so badly hurt ness that he had to stay in bed for six won weeks. man t It was while he was laid un by this "Fr e accident that he began to study math- for r ematics and mastered arithmetic. He had an idea then that all problems in ladi ý, the science of numbers could be eolved see by the proper use of the number three love e and its "powers," but w thlher he din proved his theory he has never told. an ' had then been seven vears s in gr school, having spent three years in the lad SIeal Schulo at Smiljan and four in the be ipublic school at Gospic, to which his less, Sfather had removed. Gospic was a Slarger place than Smiljan, though only a very small town, but there were many more things there to interest P Shim than there had been at Smiljan. has g His father depided, however, that on t Sthe educational advantages of Gospic ing Swere not suficient for his son, and so loft the lad was sent to hlive with his aunt hei in Carlstadt, Cretin, where he was to Blai finish his schooling. It was while on less his way to Carlstadt that the lad saw idly a steam engine for the first time, and feel o it filled him with the greatest delight. pan :It was then, too, that he determined The Snot to be a clergyman like his father, rari as the latter wished, but to devote phe Shimself to science; and he studied so one a hard at Carlstadt that he was able to muE finish a four years'. course in three can: years' time and to graduate in 1873, his when he was only sixteen years old. nex Then there was an epidemic of oft cholera, and because of this he re- elei turned to his father's home at Gospic. out But the disease sought him out, and to 'J when he recovered he was so weak spe that for two years he remained at oth Shome and rested from his studies. . of t S It was while he was at home then, mom a Ithat he managed to get his father to the agree to ascientific career. When the her boy was eighteen he was sent to Gratz, Wh in Austria, to study for a professorship apo in mathematics and physics. AttGratz wot he saw, for the first time, a Gramme feet Selectriil machine, though he had pro- ill Svioubly made some boyish experiments exp Swith electricity, having constructed whi with his own hands a rude little gen- an i erator which he operated with the tha Spower ot a toy water wheel. As soon im as he saw the Gramme machire he de- to Stermined to make electricity his lifoe the study. That was in 1875, only twenty oneiu years ago, and in that time Nikola T 'fsla has wroueht more marvels with d the agency that is now used to light our streets and houses and factories, ten Shaul our street cars and so many des other wonderful things than any lea other person-unless it be Edison, mu who was then a telegraph operator and of niot far from the beginning of his pr career as an electrical inventor. bel it should not be understood that vil young Tesla missed any fun that was dec going, just because he was forward in le his studies. On the contrary, he was cm alwa:ys full of juvre:nile tricks, and hadl wo many boyish adveutures as he himself pe has often declared. It was his mother ea who sympathized most with his aspir- tul ations, and it was largely her influence ha over his father that finally won the we latter to the boy's plan not to be a we clergyman; andi yet she must some- ha times have been annoyed by .his pranks- e It should be said of the man whose boyhood has been outlined above and - whose success has been so great that, although his inventions have yielded him a great deal of money, he has spent it in making new investigations about as fast as he has received it, and that he regards the benefit to human ity that scientific progress will insure as of far greater importance than mere money making. Once Nikola Telsa declared that he believed the mission of applied electricity to be the prac tical rejuvenation of the world, by les. soning the amount of labor that must t be performed by human hands, and a that he hoped to live to see the day · when all alike, both rich and poor a should share equally in the advan tages of all scientific discoveries. a "But that would be practically the · abolition of poverty and riches," the n writer ventured to say. e "Precisely so," answered Tesals, a "and that is what I believe will, by 9 and by, be accomplished by man's in vestigation and utilization of nature's mysteries. "-- on Francisco Chronicle. a The Secret ol Eternal Youth. The philosophers of old spout their lives in its quest, and did not find it. e Simple enough is the answer, accord U inv to "Sister Frances," in the New a Budget. "For a man," she says, "it 0 is to love one woman well." An old 0 man need never become older than his Y son in demeanor, if he preserves for 's his o!d wile all the tirst tenderness h and first enthusiasm of his early love. r Such an aitection is ve'ry different from that with which old men regard their old wives, a foeling thai springs most ly from duty and partly from force of habit. It is the love of an old pater p familias, and very different from the love of a lover that in some finely con stituted natures lasts through half a lifetime of wedded life. And when the husband remains a lover all his life, it follows that the wife remains young also. As for the children, they find t their most congenial companions in such a fatiier and such a mother, so s that the advantage to every member r of the family is virtually priceless. 't _."Frances" gives several instances of 0 such homes of happiness. One of t these was that of a friend who was en a thusiastically proud of his father, and b the reason was apparent when she had met the family. The sisters were charming, the brothers were pleasant h and full of fuu, and the mother was a Y sweet, bright old lady, who, though a, chronic invalid, seemed perfectly con.; d tented with the world, and with her r share in it. Then, when the father came hom'e, it was plain why the old lady was so pretty and the children so,: nice. The father, though white haired, was still a young man, and a delight-i g ul one. To both the girls and boys Y he was the best and most sympathetic companion and friend, and what could better conduce to the perfect happi-; ness of such a household? "That S would depend greatly on the woman," many people would say. Not in f "Frances's" opinion, at all events,; for she says that "the women in these .e cases were just ordinary, pleasant bld; ladies, no whit different from many we, see neglected by their husbands, or! C loved in a perfunctory way." An or d0 inary man would have loved them in - an ordinary way, and would have n grown into an old fogy. These men 0 had the gift of loving, and found it to e be the gift of perpetual youth-no a less. -New York Ledger, a ___, YHow Hligh Can lan G0? t Professor Ugolino Mlosso, of Tarin,, i. has made some interesting experiments It on the effects experienced in ascend-l c ing to high altitudes. All climbers of o lofty mountains are aware that at great Lt heights, such as the summit of Mount o Blanc, respiration' becomes more or n less troublesome, the heart beats rap v idly and some time irregularly, and a d feeling of exhaustion, often accom p. panied by nausea, is experienced. d These effects arise largely from the , rarity of the air, and since the atmos-, 0 phere becomes less dense the higher' o one goes, it is evident that a limit! o must soon be reached above which man. e cannot ascend. Professor Mosso madet , his first experiments on Monte Ross,' next to Mont Blanc the highest peak1 If of the Alps, where he ascended to an' - elevation exceeding 15,000 feet with. Sout serious inconvenience. Returningt d to Turin he made his next ascent, so to' k speak, without ascending at all. Ini ot ther words, he produced an imitation of the rare atmosphere of a very lofty! 3, mountain top) by partially exhausting] :o the air from a large pneumatic chainm-, oI her in which he o'had shut himself.i , When the air in the chamber corre P sponded in density with that whichb ;z would be found at a height of 24,2721 c feet above sea level, he suffered such u- ill effects that he could not carry the! ts experiment further. The height to I which Professor Mosso thus simulated a- an ascent is almost a mile less than. ne that of Mount Everest, so that it seems )n improbable that man will ever be able - to set his foot on the loftiest peak ot. fe the earth. v Fir.t Sign of Consumption. ht Dr. C. W. Ingraham says: A rise of s, temperature of from one half to one my degree at sme period of greator or 3y less durtijon every twenty-four hours, n, may be regarded as the first symptoms ad of pnulmonary tuberculosis; occurring is previous to every other symptom, and before the geueral health of the indi at vidual is influenced to a noticeable as degree. The temperature will be most in elevyted fo!lowing bodily fatigue. Ex cue cluding other morbid conditions that ad would cause a similar elevation of tem elf peratare, it is safe to diagnose the ler case as one of pulmonary (or larygeal) ir- tuberculosis when this temperature Ice has persirdted for a period of two he weeks, and is associated with loss of e a weight and vitality, even though there ae- has,. been no accompanying cough or his expectoration, and thnough physical SI examination gives negative results.