Newspaper Page Text
SThe True D)emocrat.
Vol11 St Francisville, West Fellicana Parish La., Saturday, August 14, 1909. No. 8
vol.-VIIISt. -li lil____e__II__I___
Bayou Sara, La.
Headquarters for Drugs, Patent Medicines, Toilet
Articles, Stationery, Cigars, Candies, Etc.
Prescriptions Carefully Filled.
Use Cooking Oil
Better and Cheaper Than Lard.
FOR SALE ibo r DRUG
AT I U r e s STORE.
ADVERTISE YOUR BUSINESS IN THIS PAPER.
Brick For Sale.
We are pi~ipared to fuirnish a
first-class hard pressed build
ing brick in anyquanity - -
Wsuld be glad to figure with
you if you want good brick - -
Bayou Sara Brick Co.
M. J. DERRYBERRY, Secretary.
S. I. Reymond Co., Ltd.,
Cor Main and Third Streets
Baton Rouge, La.
Dry Goods, Notions, Shoes Hats,
Clothing, Housefurnishing, Etc.
Scientifically distilled; naturally aged; best and saf.
est for all uses.
Crystal drops from golden grain; pure. and mellow, rich and
S fragrant; the ;deal stimulant for universal use.
SLld by Max Mann, Bayou Sara.
Feliciana Oil Company,
B. E. ESKRIDGE, Manager
St. Francisville, La.
Shipping Point-Bayou Sara.
kihSMt Price Paid for Hulls and Meal on Sale at
Cotton Seed. LoWest Pribes.
How to Increase the Death Rate Amoag
The State Crop Pest Commis
sion has just completed a series
of experiments at Mansura,
Avoyelles Parish, in studying
the hibernating habits of the boll
weevil. One of the objects of
the experimental work at Man
sura was to find out how many
of the boll weevils could be got
ten rid of by destroying the cot
ton plants at different times in
the fall. To secure this informa
tion cages were made of wire
cloth, each cage being 8x8 feet
and 6 feet high. In these cages
were placed piles of trash, leaves,
moss, stumps, etc., to form win
ter quarters for the boll weevils
such as they would find out-of
On September 28, 1908, a lot of
live and active adult boll weevils
were gathered in a near by cot-.
ton field and placed in one of
these cages and the cage secure
ly locked. No growing cotton
was in any of the cages. Thus
these weevils were deprived of
all food from then on. Had the
cotton plants in the fields been
destroyed on September 28th the
weevils there would likewise
have been deprived of food.
Therefore the number of weevils
living through the winter in the
cage must have been the same as
the number living through the
winter in the fields where the
cotton plants were destroyed on
September 28th. If anything,
conditions would favor a slightly
larger number surviving in the
cage than in the field, for in the
cage the weevils were protected
A cage of this kind was started
once a week, from September 28
to December 21, 1908, with fresh
ly collected weevils from the
cotton field. The past spring
(1909) the cages were watched
every day and as the weevils
came out of the trash they were
counted, recorded, and then re
moved from the cages. In this
way a complete record was ob
tained of the number of weevils
living through the winter in each
of the cages. Following are the
Out of 1,037 adult weevils col
lected in the fields on September
28, 1908, 28 lived through the
winter. Of 1,195 gathered in the
field on October 15th, 15 lived un
til spring. Of 1,182 weevils col
lected October 12th, 62 lived
through the winter. Adding to
gether these figures we see that
out of the total of 3,864 weevils
collected in the cotton fields be
tween September 28th and Octo
ber 12th only 105, or 8.1 per
cent, succeeded in living through
the winter. This simply meant
that on the plantations where the
cotton plants were destroyed be
fore October 15, 1908, only 3 per
cent of the weevils survived the
winter to infest the present
On October 19th a cage was
started containing 922 adult wee
vils and on October 26th a simi
lar cage was started with 1,294
weevils. Out of the 2,216 boll
weevils placed in these two cages
340, or 15.3 per cent, survived
the winter. We may therefore
safely conclude that on farms
where the cotton plants were de
stroyed between October 15th
and October 27th, last fall, an
average of about 15 per cent ol
the weevils lpassed through the
Additional cages were started
in the same manner on Nov. 2d,
16th and 23d, containing, respec
tively, 1,326, 1,320, 1,420 ancd
1,342 adult weevils. Out of thiu
total of 5,414 weevils 1,181, o0
21.8 per cent, succeeded in living
until spring, showing that where
the cotton plants were destroy
ed between November 1st and
25th an average of apprbximately
22 per cent of the weevils sur
vived the winter.
Cages started on November
BOth and December 7th, contain
ing a total of 743 weevils, showed
a winter survival of 210 of them,
or 28.3 per cent. Therefore de
struction of the cotton plants as
late as November 25th to Decem
ber Zth resulted in 28 per cent of
the weevils living through the
Out of 1,250 weevils collected
in the fields on December 14th
and 21st and placed in cages on
those dates, 542, or 43.6 per cent,
survived the winter. Postponing
fall destruction of the cotton
plants until the middle of Decem
ber, or later, permitted over 43
per cent of last season's boll
weevils to survive the winter and
attack the crop of 1909.
These figures are so convinc
ing that it is beyond comprehen
sion that any farmer should con
tinue trying to grow cotton with
out picking out his crop early
and completely destroying the
cotton plants-stalks, leave s,
bolls and roots-long before the
first autumn frost.
Destruction of the cotton
plants before October 15th, in
this instance, allowed about 3
per cent of the weevils to live un
til the crop of 1909 was subject
to their attack. Against this
small number of over-wintered
weevils, as has been repeatedly
proven by experience, the plant
sarii agle u oo orop9bir.@
bse of proper early-maturing va
rieties and by the adoption of the
mtensive cultural methods. By
leaving the cotton plants stand
ing until after the middle of De
cember last fall the farmer in
vited certain destruction of this
year's crop, for when he starts
the spring with 43 per cent as
many weevils as he had the pre
vious fall he cannot hope to make
a crop by any known means un
der the sun.
Arguments are still being
made against early fall destruc
tion of the cotton plants by those
who steadfastly refuse to see the
plain facts placed before them,
but the farmers who are destroy
ing the cotton plants early in the
fall are making money growing
cotton, and the fact remains, de
spite all arguments, that there
is no other way in which a pay
ing crop of cotton can be made
under the conditions as they
now exist in Louisiana and as
they will exist for many years to
Strangely enough, there are
farmers who still argue that they
cannot pick out the crop early
enough to destroy the cotton
plants by October 15thor Novem
ber 1st. The alternative is to
have no cotton to pick out. Those
who cannot so arrange their farm
management as to follow our
recommendation in this regard
are simply advised not to grow
cotton at all, for unless the wee
vils are destroyed-by destroy
ing the cotton plants-early in
the fall, a profitable crop is im
Do not wait for sad experience
to drive this lesson home to you.
If you intend to grow cotton next
year make all preparations now
to pick out this year's crop as
fast as it opens and destroy all
cotton plants by cutting them
down and burning them befori
October 15th, or at the latest
Refined Cooking Oil, for sale al
Mumford's Drug Store.
Masonic Picnic at Zlachary.
The public is cordially invited
to attend a basket picnic to be
given under the auspices of
Plains Lodge No. 135 F. & A. M.
at Zachary, on Thursday, August
17th. Addresses will be made
by Col. I. D. Wall, of C'linton,
Col. T. Sambola Jones, of laton
Rouge, and Dr. A. F. BIarrow, of
Speaking will begin promptly
at 10 o'clock, a. m., and the pro
gram will be carried out regard
less of the weather. A game of
base ball, in the afternoon. be
tween two well-matched teams,
will be one of the features of the
Town clerks offce, St. Francisville,
La. Aug. 4, 1909.- Seahld bids will Il.
received for putting on new r,oof at
Power House until August 16i, :~1) p.
i. The right reserved to accept or
reject any or all bids. Infonrmation
furnished on application.
G. L. i'LPUTTING ER,
The Proposed Income Tax.
New York American:
The men that get the most out
of this country and out of the
government's protection pay the
least, in proportion for what
The man who digs a ditch,
smokes a pipe as he digs, and
drinks a glass of beer in the
evening afterward, pays the na
tional government a heavy tax.
His tobacco and his beer, the
clothing on his back, all are tax
ed by the government.
John D. Rockefeller, with an
income of at least thi'ty millions,
n't drink beer. He pays actual
ly not a cent to the government
of the United States.
The fairest tax in the world is
on incomes. The man who has
the most money every year cer
tainly is most indebted to the
government for its protection
for without protection of govern
ment he wouldn't keep his mon
ey five minutes.
The man with the big income
is able to pay and he ought to be
glad to pay, and if he isn't glad
the people should make him pay
whether he wants to or not.
The income tax voted by con
gress in response to a popular
demand, was declared unconsti
tutional by the supreme court.
It was declared unconstitutional
only after one of the venerable
judges had turned the moral
somersault, for reasons best
known to himself, and voted
against the tax after having once
voted for it.
With the supreme court as it
now stands it is probable that a
constitutional amendment is nec
essary in order to make the just
income tax possible.
The question of a constitution
al amendment is now before the
people of America. If pl)ublice
opinion is strong enough to make
the legislatures of the states do
their duty the income tax will
become a part of the constitution
of the United States and that
righteous method of sup)plyiug
the government with funds will
be proof against the somersault
ingidiosyncrasies of any judge
in the country.
The voters individually can do
much by writing to the members
of the legislature. But the local
editors throughout the country
can do most of all.
There are thousands of daily
and weekly newspapers being
published throughout the coun
try in small cities, towns and vil
lages. T'hey are edited by men
who influence public opinion far
more than the few metropolitan
newspapers possibly can do.
These editors and their news
l~pers represent public thought.
Upon them depends really the
success or failure of this effort
to incorporate the income tax
principle in the constitution of
the United States.
This newspaper and all of its
allied newspapers throughout
the country have worked for
many years persistently for the
income tax, and will continue to
work for that just tax. But the
victory will be ac.ompliabed, in
the end, by the great number of
local newspaper editors writing
daily in close touch with the pe
ple, influencing strongly the leg
islator, possessing the confidence
of the readers.
Fortunately the great majority
of those editors work in sympa
thy with the interests of their
readers, and for no special Inter
est. They can write the income
tax amendment into the United
States constitution, and we hope
and believe they will do it.
Live at Mea.
James J. Hill, the great rail
road magnate, has prophesied
that in the near future the cost
of living will be so high that the
wage earner will be forced to
economize; that he will have to
abandon meats and other high
priced articles of food and live
on cereals, light and cheap diets.
This may be true as to wage
earners in cities and thickly pop
ulated communities, but it will
never affect a people like ors,
where every man, though poo r a
possession of this world's
of room to grow his meats ad
his bread. And his meats wlM
be of the very best beef, mattol,
kid and chicken. We aninot m
agine a people practicing ecomo
my, when they are already hav
ing to plan and shitt to make
their small incomes to support
them. This is the life of the
wage earner of the thickly pop-.
lated countries, but not so with
the people in a country like ours.
There may come times when we
are forced to be less extravagant,
but we have too much room and
our facilities and resources are
too great to actually want for the
necessaries of life, it we only
L. C. Burch, who has been in
this parish several weeks getting
out staves, was arrested last ri
day at Wilhelm, by Deputy Sher
if F. C. Wilcox and plaeed injal
upon information from the aber
iffof AttalaCounty, Miss., charl
ing him with forgery. He io
also wanted in Leake County on
other charges. The sheri of
Attala County came riday for
him, leaving Sunday mornalng.
Notie Is Mll Pipill
Beginning in September I wll
take a limited number of private
lpupils in voice or piano. If thooe
who wish instruction, will notify
me immediately upon my arrival
in St. Francisville, they wiW s
sistme greatly in making out
my schedule and will get the
most desirable assignment of
Miss LENA C. SEPAmD.
Indispensible for sealing
fruits, jellies, preserves, pick
les, etc.-A household neces
sity.-C-lean, pure, odorless
and tasteless. At
Uumfrrd's luI Stm