Newspaper Page Text
The True Democrat.
L XvllI St. Francisville, West Feliciana Parish La., Saturday, October 16, 1909. No. 3t VOL XVI LAISING COTTON DESPITE WEEVIL. giCIlTOCHES PLANTER GIVES EXPERI ENCE WITH CONDITIONS SIMILAR TO THOSE EXISTING IN THIS PARISH. Mr. K. ('. Sitl, cashier of people's Bank of St. Fran pille, kindly hands us for pub tion, one of the best, most tical letters, as he truly ,0on the boll weevil question we have sot'in. It is from r. s H. Hill, c.ashier of the 's Bank of Natchitoches d a large planter. He talks from theory or hearsay, but what heo sees and knows. r. Bill writes as follows: *"NAT'| 'iroI'U i:s, L.., Septecmber '19, 1909. SK. C. SMnII, St Francisvillc, La. dear Mr. Smith: - "Ihave your letter of the 27th, notecontents. Your )present tion is the distressing his yof the boll weevil repeating f!as he makes his march into cotton belt. fiye years ago we had, what I ne, exactly the same ex nce as you are having now. n he made his appearance us, we thought we were d. Our people had no con in the advice given by the employed by the Govern to make all the various They went about in their way, to fight him, and al a man met with disaster. yhave finally come around :e in the government fMich is embodied uni r or five heads, viz: Early g of a quickly maturing intense cultivation, reduced , and diversification. your cotton stalks in the fall, clean upl your ditch and hedge rows, and des all hibernating pllaces for toll weevil. "The time for the tenants on plantations trying to cultivate , forty or fifty acres per of two, three or four rs has p)assed, Hie will to content himself with cul g about twenty acres for if and assistant. And in of breaking up his land in late spring in a half-ham way, throwing his seed and going off into the shade > tree and waiting for it to a crop, lie will have to com making his crop in the fall of the previous year by his stalks, cleaning his -adand getting it into shape plowing early in January, about the first of March e his ground (we planted Cotton this year in the tirst of March) and plant his You may be ablh to plant r than we do here, being degrees warnmel, and it from the time it comes the ground until you start SIt should i)e gone over t twice a week. en the first crop of weevils their appelaraln ce in April y the squars sllould be by hand and buIIned. The Way to do this is to have hands sling a sack over shoulders and as they plow , they can pick tlhe squares -ave fallen or ta "ned yellow stalk and burn tlem, thus two birds witlh one stone. r people have cin,, to the U8ion that the govecrnment have solved t:' qluestion rn extent, aii if yours i'h~lhow thei ..i .. :. . , work greatly to their advantage It took the actual experience for us to learn that they were right, and we lost several years' time, and a world of money before we were convinced. "Then you people will have to learn to diversify. Raise hogs, cattle, corn, potatoes, plumlpkins, peas, hay, and in fact get on a self-sustaining basis, and make cotton a side line. Then if they make any money it will be a money crop, and will not be their only dependence. It will take time to do all this but in the end, they will all find it easy. "Our big plantations have been converted into hay fields, cattle and hog pastures. Where be fore not enough corn was raised to make meal for the place, to say nothing about feeding the stock for another year, now every barn and crib is full, and some being sold. Where before the farmer turned his stock into his field and let them destroy and trample down worlds of peas and pumpkins, he is now gathering them, and pulling the vines and making hay. Where before he bought all his meat from the packing house, you will find he has a pasture full of fat stock and on Saturday instead of issu ing rations of Chicago bacon, he is selling his niggers fresh meat, at almost half the price paid for bacon. "We have a corn elevator at Lake End, on the Natchitoches Branch in this parish, that has been running for 40 days now at full capacity, and is, I under stand distributing thousands of dollars in that section of the country for corn. This was once a fifty thousand dollar oil mill, but I dare say it will do better as a grain elevator than it did as an oil mill. "Our people are all going to make some money this year. We are making a good average half crop, which means about 15,000 bales for this parish. In the best cotton season we ever had, we only made 25,000 when they planted the fence rows, and river banks. We are making this 15,000 on half the acreage that was planted the old way. "We have customers that are making excellent crops. One large firm says that they will make 180 bales on 210 acres of ground, which is all river front. We have another small custom er that planted 1i acres and worked it himself, with the as sistance of labor when he needed it, under the supervision of one of the Government Demonstra tors, and he has gathered 14 bales and expects to get two or three more. "We tried Paris Green and Marston's Boll Weeyil Destroyer on our private crop, and it was time and money thrown away, for it did absolutely no good. There is nothing to it but the Government Cultural Method. "We, (the Banks) went right along helping our p)eoplle, but made them keep close to shore, and diversify, thus enabling them to go ahead if their cotton did fail. Our lands went down to where there was absolutely no market for them, and now they are back to their old value very )Continued on last page.) MR. EVANS SAYS BURN THE STALKS. M r. J. A. Evans, State Agent, U. S. Department of Agriculture, in a letter to this paper, says: "I regret that I could not be present at your meeting on the 6th, but was engaged in a tour with Cong. Ransdell, speaking on That date at St. Joseph, La. "I sincerely hope your meeting was a success from every stand point. The one important thing to do now is to get cotton picked as early as possible and at once destroy all cotton stalks. This, I regret to learn, your large planters, especially, have so far shown but little inclination to do." We believe the meeting refer red to by Mr. Evans was prolific of good. Even before the meet ing, many of our planters were engaged in destroying their cot ton stalks, and since the meeting this work has been given a decid ed impetus. But They Didn't Need Revising. Crowley Signal: Let us admit that the books needed revising. Let us acknowl edge that we had to overhaul all the school books used last year and make each child get an en tirely new set. What's the ob jection? The objection is that it bars the door of the temple of learning against whole families. It con demns many a poor boy and girl to stay at home who otherwise would haLve a4ired'om rudi, ments of an education. Would the world have had a Henry Clay if the father [sic] of the Millboy of the Slashes had been obliged to buy twelve dollars worth of books before Kentucky's child of genius could learn to read? The Camel. The camel is the "desert ship," And carries with him every trip Water enough to keep him going, Which-for a shi--is rather knowing. -Frederick White in The Deline ator for November. The farmer, who argued that if Angola farm could not put down the weevil with its im mense force to clear the fields, had evidently never passed An gola by train. The weeds left standing along the track could alone harbor a host-of weevils. A NEW FORM OF DIVERSIFICATION. TRUE DEMOCRAT'S NEW MACHINERY. Ti.; Ttnr: |)i't:1t':.\r,- has rý cently :(Iddled a mno(hrn Wvir, stitching machine to its alrealy superior mechanical e(iIuipl,,nt. This new piece of maeliinery was made necessary by the large amount of book and l)amlihict work now being (lone in Tim.;: TRUIt DI:NMoct.\1T ' l'N'l 'l :luY. This machine is the best of its kind made and covers a wide range of work. It will bind fro'm two sheets up to one-half inch in thickness. It is a )ipower ma chine and runs as nicely as a sewing mnachinE. By putting in this machine, TIlE TtRUE DmM0ocIt.V'T a g a in brings St. Francisville a few paces to the fore inthe I)rinting industry. We already have one of the best appointed and equip ped printing offices located in any country town in Louisiana and we can state with absolute certainty that there are not a half dozen of these stitching ma chines in Louisiana outside of New Orleans and Shreveport. With our superior equipment it is unnecessary for people of this parish to send away from home for printing,' unless it he of a most extraordinary kind. We do a large majority of the printing of West Feliciana and have built up a substantial pat ropge in a half dozen neighbor tug parishes. Where quality ands prIk art, taken ints co),tidera tion fIlTE: 'lTtut DthMoct'ur gets the work. To printers in this section of L)uisiana and Mississippi Imatving work beyond the c:apaity of their plants we offer sp5 -ial in d uceinents. Planting Cotton Seed. C('oushatta ('itien: Most farmers are learning tnat it doesn't pay to buy )lan:tinmm cotton seed at a fancy price and let them run out, as tlhy will in a few years. The sensible plan is to improve your own cotton by selection. Select your best seed every year and plant them, and in a few years you can develop as showy a variety of cotton as any. All better varietieýs are de veloped in practically the same way. The Constant Exodus of Money. The following from the Arcadia Arges is largely true of every section of the country: "In conversation with one of the rural delivery :carriers, last week in speaking of advertising and whether it paid or not, he in formed us that of $1300 worth of money orders issued by him over his route the past twelve months he was satisfied at least $1000 of this went to Sears. & Roebuck, of Chicago. We are sure that the other carriers of tle parish would make similar statements if consulted. Adver tising and keeping everlastingly at it is what is doing the work. If $1000 left the country over so small a scope as this mail route traverses, how much do you sup pose it would foot up if the amounts obtained over the other rural delivery routes and the various post offices of Bienville parish were given? The figures would be a eye-opener, no doubt. And all this to one house, rememn b'er. There are otlhers as eager as Sears & Roebuck and they are reaping the benefit of advertis ing also. "There is a great deal of trutliI in the old adage, "tign res w,,n't lie," and it has been '(,arl"y demonstrated again and again that advertising pays, and otlhrs who cater to the tradel of tlh public learn to invite the farnmi rs, bone and sinew of our land. Iy means of printer's ink to tlih ir stores they neeedn't. be .sur, prised if the money tihey might easily handle continues to pour, into far-off Chicago and other distant cities. "The thing is to have what the people want, tell themn so through the columns of the local news paper, not once, tvice, tlhrte times, but the year round, and our word for it, thousands of dollars that are hourly leaving our country for- foreign i (onceln will be slpent at hIorn,. [L.arn a trice or twE from) t i Yankees: advertise. FIRSI RICE RAISED IN THIS PARISH SINCE THE WAR IS NOW BEING HARVESTED. MAKES A PROFITABLE CROP. Ardl in tIlt lF'rbvl,.i n iigiil -orz h l , , 1C( \\'rI(' ;:u'co(l ' t ti ill!ti' - vi,-w \vit I t M r. \'ickliil'. \'lliee d( 'scriiption ((f his t ripl, ('olltlinl d( t , foll n ll;11' ljIleresti ullg in fi1'l' I itt l I: "alt vin ll· o til ' I' I o ,,he agricul tural inno(vatio n in W\est ',li c"i a1ia ill the way (f I 'i,. -CU'ltur,, along the valley of Thoil)lison's creek, \I r. Aid,'(4 l4eonarti and I drov(e out to the rice'-ti.I.ds on1 Tuelsday for tlih .splciil pIur p)Ose of 'ieWig tl t l the West F'eliciana industry at close range. "\We found two threshing out fits l)U.ily engagd aboilult t wo nmiles apart, onle on tIll, Iplace of Mr. Fletcher Hlarvey and the other on that of Mr. Jno. F. Ard .Ir. lBoth of these gentlemen, having seen during the year past that the raising of cotton here in I,¶(09 would be extreitlely pirob leinatical, (ldeteriined in the be ginningi of this year to try ric . "Mr. Harvey pIurchased a large l)ortabhle engine and a lirst class rice-t Iirsh(er, the engine being also suitable for running the )puiming-Ihlant to scentu' wa ter for his rice, as well as for run a the thresher. Mr. Ard u tased the most improved comnbined pfr aind binder for harvesting the crop anmd a gaso line engine to run his primping plant. "Mr. ilarley ºIlanle'(1."mleP 1:) a8(0l08 f tII' l)'.t stoillfl oll'x f .i; piai rice. laying, ofif his lihi a:c ordling 0t tImll'' i in n tuthou(tls byV ('(list etding thlie n'ec''ssrly canails :;n(Id dvkhs and Ilanting thel grlin in tIhe' sp iing: tilt'i( Ilooding thI ( li,,11 with w;1 .,r piumnpe(d frolm1l Iiluliller'. (.reek, raising the i t ler fully sixty ft, through live inch pipi ling, tn( into the main cauril. "Mr. \Ard plantedh a bft,,utiful level field right in the vahllV of Thomnpson creok, alongi its banks, laying off his tield in the same manner, in acc'rdclani(' with te best methods of ri' c-culture and also planting the lies! storm roiof .Jtpal rice and s.i'('l'c ing water direct f row Titl l~jllllll'llllI crdýtiP VIipin'il)i1i Iwith )(.flº.IS - tiCclky littluj xlg2n,(", as it dull neucessairy to rl is( the. w~ttir only aIbout liftu un ft-("t after Ifu iinI 4\ri1I did nult urhasri~ie ai t!IIodi( thiis yer but is thi(ihuing. his cropj) «"ith ii sii:h111 (it-thiruºýhºr. whicha, whie int hlain g (icalf t be (uf1;ue~itv of 011" i4"ru ir rie tluiueh, Is, i i ln Wilwi tl si."i'ls sir (Iuil (" hiCi?.itl .(1and t~r ulh i aid " ph. ,i utah in thi:tt suctionf busily i-nag. I euli in gairwu'ing; lii ,rain,~ adfl their ljehht,u ,Iii' th(. wceevil apº wake fui lh line I liutusanul sacks of thus :IccucIlIn: th gross:. vIulu of 11i4i Irlull') dult s;;75''r. .nd this is 1 hiu producit if less thldan I ºTi ;Nr' ofs i ;1i1. ';Mlili. it p~lantedl il xi.-sfor this yea':iP and meet :ii i r '' s,!·;'c ti tll i as :11r'1 dull' this fall. "No\ .t1I (1'r 1111' roisi sd.rs tha~t tli i.. 11ra Ii1 ll; the irst rice ii' 1Ii rais:!. iii West Ftliciana "s!i'i Ih 111' t!' 1 t all of thiei (httill?.. l c anu! Ifit1'ot ruction, ini .5;111,!11 t! (f 1,:11I)? Iilills, ip ng ('t4.. l·i tIee di nt this year, blesidie \,'i -ll~ wSltnle stoIrmi Is \\ll :is sol~llt o(tier speills (f ~ti 'ta iý' notI i' fa f:1 Io alhlf to rice 'tilt Ni'. and tii~tt thisi cropj wa.s ail-d 1) 11I11 c(iolllaratively st irIfl;s to Ic 1k Ids, it is in 4111 I takEe t ilt showing the hw tavye inmade. "Bothl diir. Ard and1( dlr. liar VcV air' elit litisiastic oveir the sUr cer~ of their venturie and will go Int irice incli more ' ext4nsively fl'xt y1t':i; and profiting fronm S I iii.o' i llnr istakes they have madce this y rcl' aind Iett4'r equip ped1(1 1 by e' xpeIl triln'e will uIIIIdouht edly d'Ic'Iurst rate to all that they himl acc t'eh the boll1 weevil proli Ic u inifs'ifar as they atre concern ed v bile1 st'V'fi'i oIf their neigh bor: ;Ion; ~tI(hi, i' 'Phoopson's creek tiecul and inclined to 'knock' the undertaking at first arc' now zttr~n~gi: tiiotisl admjitting their liii ,.iI W and have left t heir bar 31,11 lilt 11111 `t;iit~s lund are' buily luins o theil lst (rop i if rice ever "if liiie thil live'(re~ Septemberiii~' Wits fhffif1. ;i tile kind of rice 111l1l11l.li Wv;i j JU-' lI] aLs is beIst ,o ft i co(0m)ing in Steptein ir wiuin tII crop is in lull grain. 11()any oneV ho1) ha ill) e l, Ien the pr *s nit oft lt irintcrl.aise, it ust u Ili, idtmntt'd Iihut M('WMt Aril andj Iia';a y aw ci la,·) l dvtiiionstrat ("1 1I-it ill t I, \a·lleysi of such strit'a 'i s ;:s T(1lrll son's c ree'k, I sa v'I Stiaa c ratck, anti 1x)!sibiy ari iva"1I *ttitiiti~tof laud ai, 1' tive' or 1t "n r ift a" 't felt highi r than the hetI of tlii -r'eek, rice can be mijad : mosl t pro'it:able crel' in Wt I'- 1 itiaflla, by punming from the adjatcent st reaum. " Tihlº,t' ot'. ning lands along thetf~ Vaiii 'y 'i Ia~ i 1~ S; ra creek wou Id i1)etlt'a h1' intta'it'atad to set' \1r. A ,*d' \ "(" fii A s1 tu d find how "uir it 11 Itathtait lands Iin every1' Ljraigbllt in faiur huinlh's of un tltrl"lihlt rit Jt, t WI froIrm tlt' titid of Mr. .1 rd. aindI two from ti tli' fit oi t M i. lit. lrw. in- being cut befoit the statI: arm ed one afte rwa rdl, whIiicli by~ coni;zirison j i shal ll'V r-'II thi s rice weatli',r 7'1'la' h11;Il o 4f. itie' may to' WeVst, Iýtlii~tji iji andt hil' i'eIle'4IDt Bank. ('I.,r'.i it. i ~t'~ tºtale 1'11t m Igh %%it'. Vt' . ºi hal a-'red l.I t'iciglmtg