Newspaper Page Text
SThe True Democrat.
Yel. XXI St. Francisville, West Feliciana Parish La., Saturday, December 21.1912
* K. C. SMITH, President. DR. C. F. HOWELL, Vice-President.
DAVID I. NORWOOD, Cashier. ANCEL ARD, Assistant Cashier.
THE PEOPLE'S BANK
St. Francisville, La.
Capital - - $50,000 :
Surplus - - $10,000
* K. C. Smith, A. F. Barrow, Samuel Carter, B. E. Eskridge, C.
I Weydert, C. F. Howell, Ben Mann, F. O. Ham
4.+ ilton, Win. Kahn, D. I. Norwood.
SA general banking business ransacted. Liberal accommodation
in accord with sound and conservative banking extended patronsa.
Certificates of Deposit Bearing 4 Per Cent. Interest to Time Depositors. 4
,..%".4tii$ý"tp'ýºiQ08Qý; .. ;".;r ;.s9.
Our Prescription Department is
our Pride and we make the filling
of Prescriptions a Specialty. We use
only materials of highest standard of
Purity and Strength.
C!ose attention to this Department
and years of experience have won
for us the confidence of both Phy
sician and Patient.
ST. FRANCISVILLE, LA.
S. I. Reymond Co., Ltd.,
Cor Main and Third Streets
Baton Rouge, La.
Dry Goods, Notions, Shoes Hats,
Clothing, Housefurnishing, Ftc.
CARPENTER AND BUILDER
Estimates Furnished oni
Wire Doors and Screens
OD Specialty O
Window and Door Frames,
First.Class Heart Shingles -
Always On Hand.
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"Do Unto Others As You Would
Have Them Do Unto You."
This is to inform the people that I have moved my store in
the old Gastrell building, where I shall be glad to see my cus
tomers and to serve them.
As the high water has crippled me considerably and as I had to
go to heavy expense, I would like to see everyone I have favor
ed come forward and do unto me as I have done to them.
Columbus and Weber Wagcns, Parry Buggies, American Wire
Fence 192 Ibs. to the roll and 26 inches high, Deering Harvester
Tools, International Engine, and all the leading hardware imple
ments obtainable always on hand or on short notice.
Champion Potato Digger-the kind to dig peanuts and sweet
and Irish Potatoes-can be seen in operation at W. Daniel's, Jr.
SEND YOUR PRINTING TO THIS OFFICE,
WHERE IT WILL BE DONE PROPERLY......
OUR COURTS' STRUGGLE FOR
SUPREMACY AND ORITICS
A Defense of the Recall of the Judiciary and Judicial De
cisions Movement, by Melville Davidson Post
in Saturday Evening Post.
Cause of Present Agitation.
Whenever excessive power has
been assumed by any department of
a government it is always very diffi
cult for the peopl'e to retake it. Sel
dom has the thing been done without
violence. There is resistence, and
as the pressure of public opinion in
creases it cannot always be confined
within a temperate channel. There
will be outbursts of public indigna
tion and often unfair and intemper
On the other hand, it is the habit
of sovereignty to hedge itself about
with a delicate and sensitive dignity.
It is in the nature of it to insist
upon an infallibility which no human
intelligence can justify. Those, there
fore, who exercise sovereign power
in a state do not permit criticism of
This is logical. The sovereign pow
er in a state is an ultimate authority.
There can be no higher authority
than this, consequently its decisions
must be final. They must also be
right' To deny this would be to pos
tulate a further authority superior lo
the sovereign power-a thing not
Now when the sovereign power of
a state resides in the whole body of
the people these attriutbes are ev
erywhere equally exerted and invis
ible; but when the right of sover
eignty is assumed by any one depart
ment of a government these attrl
butes become localiaed and visible.
When in the course of events the
Judiciary in our government establish
ed itself as superior to the other de
partments, with revisionary authority
over them, and with the right ulti
mately to say by what laws the peo
ple should be governed, it thereby
assumed certain rights of sovereignty
with the attributes attending sover
eignty attached. And it is, therefore,
to be expected that agitation on the
part of the people looking to the re
sumption of this sovereignty by them
will be resented and misconstrued in
to attacks on the judiciary.
This is an unfortunate situation,
fcr the judiciary is intrusted with the
very highest office. It must have
the confidence of the whole people
and it must command unquestioned
"Have you ever heard it said of Ly
curgus, the Lacedaemonian, then,"
said Socrates, "that he would not
have made Sparta at all different
from )rher states if he had not estab
lished in it beyond others a spirit of
obedience to the laws? Do you not
know, too, that of magistrates In
states, those are thought the best
who are most efficient in producing
obedience to the laws, and that that
state in which the citizens pay mosat
respect to th3 laws is in the best con
dition in peace and invincible in war
"The greatest blessing to states,
moreover, is concord, and the sen
ates and principle men in them of
ten exhort the citizens to unanimity.
And everywhere throughout Greece it
is a law that the citizen shall take
an oath to observe concord-an oath
which they everywhere do take. But
I conceive that this Is done not that
the citizens may approve of the same
choruses, or that they may praise the
same flute-player, or that they may
prefer the same poets, or that they
may take delight in the same spec
cacles, but that they may obey the
laws. For while the citizens adhere
to these, states will be powerful and
It is strange how quickly the for
malities of sovereignty spring up
round the exercise of it. In the ear
ly struggle of the judiciary for su
premacy the efforts of the judges
were met with what we should now
consider disgraceful violence. In New
York and Rhode Island when they un
dertook to annul acts of the legisla
ture they were not only criticised,
but summoned to appear before the
legislature and required to answer
for what was considered an assump
tion of tyrannical power. Their course
was considered revolutionary. They
were severely condemned and doubt
less would have been punished but
that their acts contained no criminal
In Ohio two judges who had de
clared an act unconstitutional were
impeached by the legislature. In
Kentucky, in a similar case, the leg
islature reaffirmed the validity of
the statute the court had annulled,
and proceeded to legislate the judges
out of office.
With the Federal judiciary, the re
sistance to its exercise of excessive
power was less violent but no less
firm. Jef'erson denounced and de
fied the efforts of Chief Justice Mar
shall to establish the supreme court
as the sovereign governing authority.
Andrew Jackson followed, and after
him Abraham Lincoln, and finally
Theodore Roosevelt. No one of these
four executives hesitated to criticise
the course and to resist the theory
that the courts could, by a final decis
ion, forever remove from the people
the right to rid themselves of the op
eration of a law that did not please
them or to re-enact a law that they
considered useful and wise. The defi
nition of law in a republic, adhercd
to by these executives, is the oldest
in the world.
"What then, Pericles," asked Al
cibiades, "Is force and lawlessness?
Is it not when the stronger obliges
the weaker, not by persuasion but by
compulsion, to do what he pleases?"
(Continued on page four.)
LOOK OVER YOUR OLD PAPERS AND
SEE IF YOU HAVE ANY TRUE DEMO
CRATS NECESSARY TO FINISH FILES
The True Democrat has received
no old copies of this paper other
than the copies mentioned last week.
However, we have not given up
hopes of securing many more of the
missing copies necessary to complete
our files. We are of the opinion
that there may be many persons who
have one or more of these old pa
pers who will gladly give same to us
when they realize what we want
We would like to hear from any
,ne who has even one of these pa
,pers, as each one is a valuable miss
ing link joining the past with the fu
l'tre. These old papers are to be
bound in book form by us, and will
be -asy of access to all interested
We need papers of the follow'ng
1893-Dec. 16, 30.
1895-Dec. 7, 14.
1897-May 29; July 17; Aug 7;Sept
7, 11, 18, 25; Oct. 2; Dec. 11, 25.
1898-April 23; Aug. 6.
1899-Jan. 28; May 6; Oct. 7;Nov.
1900-Feb. 3, 10; March 3; April 7;
May 19, 26; June 16, 23; July 7, 14,
21; all of August and September;
Oct. 1; all of November and Decem
1902-Feb. 8; July 5; Aug. 9, 16;
Sept. 20; Oct. 25; Dec. 20. Our pa
pens for this year are in bad condi
tion, and we will welcome all papers
of this year, whether of the dates
enumerated or not.
1903-Feb. 7, 14, 21; March 21, 28;
all of April and May; June 6, 20, 27;
July 4; Sept. 12, 19; all of Oct.; Dec.
12. Our papers of this year are also
in very bad condition, and we will
welcome any papers of this year.
1904-July 16;,Aug. 13; Nov, 5, 12.
1905---Jan 14; Feb. 11, 25; March
11; April 22;June 24; July 1, 8; Aug.
5, 12, 19; Dec. 9, 23.
1906-Jan. 27; April 7; June 2, 30;
July 7; Aug. 17; Nov. 3; Dec. 29.
1907-March 2; June 15; July 20,
1909-May 15; Sept. 11; Oct. 2.
1910-July 2, 9, 16; Sept. 17; Oct.
191-June 10; Oct. 21, 28; Nov. 4,
TO THE PEOPLE OF THE MISSIS
By Dr. G. H. Tichenor:
A convention was called in the
year of 1883 to assemble at Baton
Rouge, La., for the purpose of dis&
cussinh the levee problems. Men
from all parts of the country assem
bled, the pros and cons were deba:
ed by Engineers of reputation, also
our respected General Beauregard
was present, aiding in every possi
ble way to deide on an untried prob
lem. It is human to err and make
mistakes. We all know what a terri
ble mistake the convention made
when it resolved that by building
levees and olosing outlets, the river
bed would cut out and deepen so
muh in a few years, that there would
be no need for levees; further com
ment is not necessary. The fruition
of the thing hoped for; we find to
be direct opposite conditions.
Is it not time to call a halt? Are
not 28 years long enough to experit
ment? The people have suffered a
loss of millions of dollars in the val
ley, houses destroyed, plantations
submerged, and a helpless people beg
ging for bread; all brought about by
our people not protecting against a
violation of natural laws.
We find many leading men of the
valley that insist that the engineers
are in control and their wishes and
dictations must be respected. When
you call upon one to speak he will
tell you he is not permitted to dis
cuss problems that are of vital in
terest in the treatment of the levee
and outlets. We learn nothing from
them, yet many think they are de
voting all their skill to the best in
terest of the people that are over
flowed every flood year. They will
tell you: "We are doing what the
government and the congressmen or
der. If we dissent we lose our jobs."
Who can tell their secret opinion?
Why so muh stress placed upon their
having 'absolute control' when in fact
they are not consulted, as supposed,
by the people, as to common sense
tireatment of a problem that is ab
rolutely simple. Many aamit they
I do not hold the engineers respon-I
sible for present conditions. They
are controlled by the Congressmen,
who secure appropriations for them
Sto spend as directed.
Every business man and property
owner in New Orleans will feel a loss
from the great flood disaster of 1912.
A decreased volume of business, de
ferred collections, reduced property
values, stagnation of trade, and les
sened demand for real estate and the
danger of a recurrence of such dis
asters is a menace to the property
growth and development of New Or
leans. How long will the people sub
mit to conditions staring us in the
face? Such dangers can only be per
manently removed through the adop.
tiot, by the Congress of the United
States, of a policy under which the
government will in the future guar
anltee protection against overflow,
and by making over and maintain
lang the levee system with outlets suf
fcieti( to draw the flood waters at
such points that would give a rapid
outflow, will a permanent protection
There may be grave misunderstand
ings on the part of the people as to
what the levee advocates want done.
Perhaps they want to find out how
high they can build levees with the
outflow of the flood waters held up
eight months every flood water.
Again, they may desire to know how
many crevasses will take place when
waters are three feet below the top
or crown of the levee. Why build
levees mountain high if they will
break before the waters rise to nle
top? If the flood wave is free to go
forward to the Gulf inside of nine*
ty days would not the levees remain
dry and firm? The channel would be
deepened by drawing the water to
the Gulf from the beginning of the
flood season until the end. Iess cav
uing banks and levees would be seen.
We have fifteen caves now where we
had only one when the original out
lets were open and drawing the flood
waters to the Gulf at the rate of
nine miles per hour.
Levees we must have, or abandon
the richest fertile valley in the
'world. I insist every aid should be
adopted in order to secure the pro
tection the pe.ople demand. We can
not convert the river into a reservoir
land expect a mud wall to stand eight
months' pressure. Is this condition
true or false? I affirm it is true.
Give the levees a chance, by draw
ing the water away from them as
much as possible, so whei called
upon to stand the pressure they will
stand ninety days dry and hold until
the flood receeds. Let not the peo
ple think for one moment that the
government can build levees that will
be free from crevasses as long as
outlets are closed, imposing hardships
on the levees they cannot stand.
A few questions may be in order:
If the outlets were closed how high
would the levees have to be to hold
the flood waters of 1912? If the'levees
should hold, how long would it take
the flood waters to go through the
mouth of the river into the Gulf
flowing at the rate of three miles
per hour? It would require about
eleven months for the flood of 1912
to reach the Gulf. A great howl rent
the air for the closing of Old river
in order to prevent the flood wat
ers going down the Atchafalaya. Had
it been closed the flood waters would
have devastated the country from
Red river to the Gulf of Mexico. It
was my pleasure to state to the Riv
er Commission that more water was
passing from the Mississippi river
through Olderiver down Atchafalaya,
then passed through the Jetties to
thq Gulf. Each pass is supposed *o
carry thirty feet of water making a
discharge equal to sixty feet'in depth
at the average rate of three miles
per hour. The Mississippi flood wat
ers discharge through Old river down
the Atchafalaya 14 tc % mile in width
70 feet through Old over, at the rate
of nine miles per hour, carrying off
*twice as much wr1er as passed
through the Jetties Jnto the Gulf.
Ths fact should opelthe eyes of the
people and cause them to calculate
what would two mtre such outlets
have saved for the people of the Val
ley. Let the people avoid extrava
gant propositions. Levees and out
lets will protect the Valley. Try inex
pensive plans first; do not frighten
the Government by wild cat pro
Violate natural laws-a penalty will
SANITARY CONDITION OF THE
The State Board of Health, through
Dr. Seeman, gives a scathing report on
conditions at the State Normal. He
"To review the situation, I have
come to the conclusion that there
has been some malaria, some para
,typhoid and, possibly, some true ty
phoid among the students at the
State Normal School. In all, I have
been informed, there have been near
ly one hundred and fifty cases of ill
ness since the opening of the school.
"I believe that the confidence of
the nurse who had charge of the
sick patients, in her own ability to
treat and conquer the disease, was
secondarily the cause of its spread.
This was facilitated by the lack of
medical inspection in the school, and
by the allowed intermingling or the
sick and well.
"The original source of infection
was probably the surface privy near
the dining hall.
"The fish pond, through which the
cows were accustomed to wade, may
easily have contributed to the infee
t!on, ,s the udders and bellies of
the :cows could have easily become
"In this way the milk could have
"In addition, I believe that many
cases were contracted by the inter
mingling of pupils and the common
,se of the same utensils, etc.
" A lack of supervision of a criti
cal character of the morbidity among
the students led to a dangerous in
crease in the number of cases of
sickness, which resulted in a chaotic
and panicky inaptitude to handle the
"Many of the patients, even up to
the day of their leaving, were with
out medical attention, and many were
allowed to leave on a train without
adequate provision having been made
for their comfort or necessities on the
The recommendations submitted by
Dr. Dowling for the improvement of
the permanent arrangements in the
school are, among other things, for
the creating of the office of sanita
rian and medical director, with the
requirement that the office be filled
by a physician who shall have his re3
Idence in Natchitoches, or on Nor
mal Hill. His duties shall be to give
all students medical inspection, to
give class instruction in hygiene, to
make analysis of milk and water once
a month, to direct nurses and to
maintain sanitary supervision of the
(Continued on page tour.)