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The true Democrat. (Bayou Sara [La.]) 1892-1928, December 28, 1912, Image 1

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The True Democrat.
Vel. XXI St. Francisville, West Feliciana Parish La., Saturday, December 28.1912 No. 48
* K. C. SMITH, President. DR. C. F. HOWELL, Vice-President. *
.DAVID I. NORWOOD, Cashier. ANCEL ARD, Assietait Cashier.
St. Francisville, La.
SCapital - - $50,000
Surplus - - $10,000
K. C. Smith, A. F. Barrow, Samuel Carter, B. E. Eskridge, C.
. Weydert, C. F. Howell, Ben Mann, F. O. Ham- ,
3' ilton, Win. Kahn, D. I. Norwood.
A general banking business ransacted. Liberal accommodation 4
4, in accord with sound and conservative banking extended patrons. 4
: Certificates of Deposit Bearing 4 Per Cent. Interest to Time Depositors. 4
Our Prescription Department is
our Pride and we make the filling
of Prescriptions a Specialty. We use
only materials of highest standard of
Purity and Strength.
Close attention to this Department
and years of experience have won
for us the confidence of both Phy.
sician and Patient.
S. I. Reymond Co., Ltd.,
Cor Main and Third Streets
Baton Rouge, La.
Dry Goods, Notions, Shoes Hats,
Clothing, Housefurnishing, Etc.
Estimates Furnished oiI
Wire Doors and Screens
Ei Specialty D
Window and Door Frames.
Mantels, Etc.
First.Class Heart Shingles
Always On Hand
"Do Unto Others As You Would
Have Them Do Unto You."
This is to inform the people that I have moved my store in
the old Gastrell building, where I shall be glad to see my cus
tomers and to serve them.
As the high water has crippled me considerably and as I had to
go to heavy expense, I would like to see everyone I have favor
ed come forward and do unto me as I have done to them.
Columbus and Weber Wagons, Parry Buggies, American Wire
Fence 192 Ibs. to the roll and 26 inches high, Deering Harvester
Tools, International Engine, and all the leading hardware imple
ments obtainable always on hand or on short notice.
Champion Potato Digger-the kind to dig peanuts and sweet
and Irish Potatoes-can be seen in operation at W. Daniel's, Jr.
In last week's issue we reproduc
ed from Fridays' Picayune what pur
ported to be a communication from
Rev. John L. Sutton, secretary of
the Prison Reform League, to Dr.
Oscar Dowling, president of the
State Board of Health, a part of
which reads as follows:
"The writer, on his way home from
Monroe, stopped over at Bayou Sara
and found the parish jail and city
jail (in St. Francisville) in filthy and
insanitary condition; in fact, their
condition is such as to be a menace
to its inmates." n
Subsequent developments prove
that Mr. Sutton's statement is with- a
out an element of truth; and that
his credulity has been imposed upon
to the extent of making him make
severe criticisms of conditions that
do not exist. c
Last Saturday morning, on the in- '
vitation of Chief Dlputy Sheriff Fred e
Converse, a representative of The
True Democrat, in company with two
representatives of the New Orleans C
newspapers, went to the jail and
made a trorough inspection. It was
found that Mr. Sutton had not vis
ited the jail, but had received his in
formation from other than first hand. 1
There were no prisoners in the jail, t
nor had there been any for the ten E
weeks previous to the visit. All the
walls are painted, and are scrubbed I
at intervals. The floors are regular
ly treated with some sanitary prepa
ration which is in the nature of a
disinfectant. There is a bath tub,
not very elaborate but sufficient for
all needs, and every prisoner is
made to bathe before entering al
cell. There is a wash basin and a
sanitary closet, both with running
water, and the sewerage is ample. t
There is also a stove in the cell
room, situated so as to make it im-l
possible for prisoners to upset it and
set fire to the building. The ham
mocks used by the prisoners are of
a modern style, easily kept clean,
There was no trace of vermin or
offensive odors.
Dr. Dowling inspected the jail
about two years ago and had no
fault to find in the way it was kept,
his only criticism being on the struc
ture itself, which is old and of an
architectural design not used in the
more modern prisons.
Several years ago, grand juries
had a habit of visiting the jail and
condemning it, but all of the condi
tions then complained of have been
remedied, and the last two grand ju
ries have commented favorably on
the way the building is maintained.
The second paragraph of Mr. Sut
ton's interview, which reads as fol
lows: "One of the gentlemen of this
place called my attention to a con
coction known among the negroes as
'muscat wine,' and that gentleman
claims that it works them up into
a frenzy almost, and is of the opln
ion that it contains some drug-and
it within your province, when ons
of your corps is in Bayou Sara,would
appreciate your having this 'wine'(?)
analyzed." is a well-known fact. How
ever, "Muscat Wine" is not indige
nous to' Bayou Sara or St. Francis
ville, but is sold all over the state,
under.the pure food and drug act of
1906. It is said that one drink of
this stuff will make a negro climb
a tree, two will make him want to
fight a circular saw, and three will
make him absolutely crazy for the
time being.
B. R. New Advocate:
When an editorial like the follow
ing appear in a publication represent
ing the students of our high schools,
the questions put are bound to be
rendered more difficult to answer:
In man of the current magazines
are to be found articles pronouncing
the most scathing criticisms on our
public schools. They declare that the
average high school graduate is a
most helpless creature, having a inere
smattering of a great many things
and subjects with but little definite
knowledge of any thing and no prac
tical skill of any kind. They go on
to say that the high school stu4ent
spends 12 years in the public schools,
costing the community about $5 per
month for 12 years of nine months
each or the sum of $540, to say noth
ing of the loss of time and expense
to pairents. They say that 20 per
cent of the average life of the indi
vidual is spent in the public school
and yet at the end of that period the
individual is helpless.
Well, lets analyze the situation a
little bit and see what the facts are
here with us. There is' a class to be
graduated at our high school in two
and one-half months from now. Sup
pose we take an inventory of their
stock that we may see how the crit
c;sm fits us. In our class there are
three young men and four young la
dies. They are all practically 18 years
old, and have had a full public school
course. They can read intelligently,
but cannot compose without commit
ing some common mistake in their
mother tongue. Some members of
the class have studied French, but
they cannot speak it enough to be
understood. Other members of the
class have studied Latin, but there fe
no use to which they can put it. All
the members of the class can add,
subtract, multiply and divide-what
else can they do? Let's see. They
have not learned to make anything.
The boys can't use a plane or saw or
hammer. They can't run any kind of
machinery. They do not know how
. to buy or sell goods. They cannot
run a newspaper or conduct a can
ning factory or run a truck garden.
What can they do?
Then what about the girls? Can
they do any of those things tho
. toward making a home? If they :.n,
they have not learned how to !o
them at school. What then, must our
n answer to the magazines be?
Prof. William B. Smith, of Tulane
- University, in a recent lecture said
s that "the negro race in the United
- States will become completely ex
a tinct approximately 220 years from
1 now. The last of the negroes will
> be a negress. She will die in the
- South." He makes these deductions
i from a study of latest U. S. census
s report. He finds that the race has
I been dwindling in Louisiana sincE
) 1850, the old natural law of the sur.
r- vival of the fittest holding good.
The movement begun several weeks
ago to merge the Bank of West Fe
liciana and the People's Bank into
a larger and stronger financial in
stitution has been consummated, and,
beginning with the new year, the in
stitution will begin business under
the name of the Feliciana Bank &
Trust Company, with a capital stock
ct $100,000.
Negotiations for the merger have
been under way for some time, and
much remains to be done in the way
of adjusting some of the details of
the getting together of the two banks.
However, the transaction has reach
ed the state where it appears an as
sured fact that the change will take
place as outlined above.
While on its face, one bank in
stead of two appears to be a sort of
retrogression, such is not the case,
and the community at large will
s have the advantage of a larger and
stronger institution in every res
pect. The capital stock of the Felic
iana Bank & Trust Company will be
$100,000, or the combined capital
- stock of the two banks as they are
r operating at present. Again, the
"Trust" feature of the new institu
c tion which permits it to handle es
tates, receiverships, etc., will prove
Ea great convenience in a business
I way, for both the stockholders of the
r bank and the general public.
f The business of the Feliciana Bank
i. & Trust Company will be conducted
i- in the building now being used by
I- the Bank of West Feliciana. The of
e ficers of the new bank are to be se
lected at some future meeting, and
L action necessary to change the name
If and capital stock of the Bank of West
Feliciana to conform to the state
11 ments given above will also be taken,
A Defense of the Recall of the Judiciary and Judicial De
cisions Movement, by Melville Davidson Post
in Saturday Evening Post.
Rights of the People. Ut
Now, in spite of the fact that the Pc
people have so long acquiesced in the tl
supremacy of the judiciary, we final- w
ly find the congress of the United a
States cautiously considering its right I
to re-enact an income tax after a law IN
embodying that idea had been de- Y
clared invalid by the supreme court. tl
It was contended in that great de- is
bate, by a senator from New York, b
that such an act would be a violation rI
of "the dignity, respect, sacredness o
of that great tribunal." The last tl
phrase is a strange one in a repub- h
lic. The idea that any authority in b
a state is sacred had its origin in the n
theory of the divine right of kings. if
In the beginning of all history the e
Hebrew commonwealth was a theoc- v
racy. The visible rulers - priests, b
judges, kings-were the vice-regents v
of an omnipotent and invisible mon- P
arch. They held their authority by i
virtue of a divine warrant and their t
acts were sacred. Modern despot
ism retained the idea. It therefore r
followed that all criticisms of the a
acts of such rulers were dangerous r
and destructive treasons, and there a
grew up the doctrine of laesae ma- e
jestacis. 1
The intent of this doctrine was to I
prevent any criticism of those who t
exercised sovereign authority in al
government. It was established by the 1
Roman state, and it has been follow- '
ed by both the English and the Ger- I
man empires. The American people r
got rid fo it with the Sedition Law t
of 1798. 1
This idea of the Hebrew common- _
wealth has been curiously taken over
The theory that the acts of priests, I
prophets, judges and kings were sa
cred, was a prime postulate in the 1
theory of the Hebrew state. It mustI
be remembered that one of the pre-(
tended offenses for whih the Jewish 1
senate tried Jesus of Nazareth was
that of laesae majestatis divinae, and
it was the fact that Caiaphas j pre
tended that he had entrapped the
prisoner into an admission of this su
preme treason that enabled the high
priest to make the dramatic gesture
with which that trial closed.
When the divine right of king be
gan to be questioned this highi pre
rogative moved over on to a surer
base-namely, that all sovereignty,
wherever and however manifest, wad
entitled to immunity from criticism.
The exaggerated dignity engendered
by this doctrine attached to the body
of the king and to his presence. Tho
courts first enjoyed it because they
sat before the king. Contempts for
the court, under early English law,
were thereby high misprisons and
were desperately punished with the
loss of life and limb.
When the courts came finally to sit
elsewhere than before the king and in
his palace they retained this high
prerogative. It is at the base of the
idea to this day that there shall be
no criticism by the people of the
acts of the judiciary; but the sugges
tion of any sacredness in the courts
of justice has not, to our recollection,
been advanced since the time of the
Hebrew theocracy until the amazing
utterance of Mr. Elihu Root in the
United States senate.
It is natural that the citizen should
have come to regard the courts with
a certain awe. They are the instru
ments that punish, and it thereby
happens that he confuses the origin
of authority with the manifestation
of it. This is unfortunate both for
himself and for the officers of the
court. He is apt to fall into servili
I ty and then into a certain arrogance.
IIf he remembers that the authority
Sexercised by the courts comes from
- the people he will accord to them
dignified respect rather than suppli
cating servility; and if the office~s
aof the court remember that the pow
. er they exercise is not personal, but
delegated, that element of personal
t arrogance which the people resent
I will disappear.
SOften in the courtroom one hears
the judge on the bench is using lan
guage to the citizen which, if used
I to him by the citizen, would be held
ela contempt. "You tool!" the intelli
It gent looker-on would like to say: "If
-- the citizen speaking thus to you is in
i. contempt of court, you, speaking thus
to him, are in contempt of the whole
people; and, if for his contempt you
threaten him, for your contempt the
whole people threaten you. When in
arrogance, by your word or manner,
you embarrass the humblest citizen
who comes before you without wrong,
y ;u enter into a contempt of the very
thing upon which you depend to pre
serve yourself from insult. Remem
ber that all the men in the electo
rate have clothed you with their hon
or and you sit upon the bench in
that. It is the finest thing they
have and they will not permit it to
be insulted on your person. But do
not deceive yourself. It is' the mag
ic of this garment, and not you, that
engenders the commanding dignity
which you enjoy. But for it you would
be naked of respect; but for it the
very children would -laugh -at your
pronouncements. Would you, then.
hold every man tight to a formal-cour
tesy and let yourself go loose?"
When a citizen enters a court
room he ought to reflect that this is
one of the institutions of his govern
ment; that he has endowed it with
all the power it possesses; that with
out this authority of the people no
body would be compelled to give its
proceedings the slightest attention;
that the officers composing the court,
without this authoriP of the people
behind them, would=-be ordinary indi
viduals like himself. And he should
remember then that the thing that
makes them formidable is the au
thority which he himself, together
with other citizens, has delegated to
the courts for certain purposes. Now
when he realizes, this he will also
realize that any disrespect to the
court touches his own personal dig
nity; that when one insults it he is
insulting the whole people; and when
one defies it he is defying the
whole people.
He will reflect that in other times,
with the rapier and tW dueling pis
tol, individuals undertook to avenge
slights on their hon ri but by com
mon consent this Rh and delicate
dignity has been transferred to cer
tain departments of the government.
Consequently resistance of authority
and all contempts of the administra
tion of justice are insults directed
to the honor of the whole people.
When he realizes this he will look
upon the courts with a wider sympa
thy and with a deeper interest, and
he will personally insist that every
man shall regard them with proper
respect. At the same time he will
not stand before the courts in ser
vility, as before something exterior
to him which he must conciliate or
flatter lest it do him an injury. He
will be respectful but he will not be
servile-not 'servile because the thing
comes from himself; respectful be
cause it is endowed by him with the
highest dignity that his personal hon
or can command.
He will understand then that the
courts are made for the people and
not for the courts; that the people
established them and ordered he
manner and form in which they
should be conducted, and that the
people can change them or revise
the manner and form in which they
are conducted. That all the power
which they exercise the people have
delegated to them, and that if this
power is not sufficient the people
can increase it; that if it is excessive
the people can contract it. That there
is no inherent sacred quality residing
anywhere in the machinery for the
administration of justice; that it is
merely a secular arm of the govern
ment, and that the people have the
right to revise it and to change 'tc,
as they have the right to revise or
change any other department when
the need arises.
(To be continued).
1 Mr. Edward Murphy, of New Or
t leans, has leased W. J. Fort's Flow
er plantation, with the privilege of
a buying, and will take immejiate steps
i- to convert it into a model diversi
d fied stock farm. Mr. Murphy con
d siders West Feliciana to be a splen
i- did stock raising country, and we
fl hope to see him succeed in his us
n dertaking. The Flower place con
as tains about 900 acres.

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