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The True Democrat.
EERIAE RO itNSsO MRS. MAY E. ROBINSON Eitors Official Journal of the Parish of W'est Feliciana, the Towns of Bayou Sara and St. Francisville, and of the School Board. We also own and publish the Feli clana Record, a weekly newspaper for the town of Jackson, La. Ad vertisers will do well to get joint rates for both papers. Entered at the Post Office at St. j'rar.cisville, La., as second class mall matter. subscription $1.50 a Year in Advance. Saturday, February 1, 1913. OUR ANNIVERSARY. This week The frue I)emoc:at starts on the twenty-second year of uninterrupted publication, and we take this opportunity to thank the friends who have stood loyally by us and made possible any success which we may have attained. As will be seen by reference to the "Pictures of the Past" on the front page, our course has been the same from the initial issue. The fact that we have attained some degree of su('cess in the newspaper world is proof ample that honesty and inde pendence in journalism is not with out its proper reward. This does tiot mean that the paths of country editors are easy footing. On the con trary, it is harder to pursue an ab solutely untrammeled course with a newspaper in a small town than it is with one in a metropolis, for in the former the relations of the pub Ulsher with the public is far more in timate and the demands made upon him harder to fulfill. However, we have done the hewing, leaving the chips to take care of themselves. The fact that some editors pay more attention to caring for the chips than to the hewing is responsible for many of the shortcomings of their papers. The path of The True Democrat has never been one of ease. Located as it is in one of the parishes in the State where a large majority of the inhabitants contribute in no wise to the support of a paper, we have been forced to draw support from other parts of the State. For the past six years times have actually been hard in this parish. iWith the boll weevil destroying the cotton crops and the flood of last year, the parish is probably in as bad fix fi nancially as it has been at any time since the years immediately follow ing the war. Yet this period of time has witnessed a revolution in the equipment of 'IThe True Democrat plant. From the antiquated plant of six years ago has grown the splen did one of today, which is probably the best of any located in any town the size of this one in the South. In this connection we will state that the limit has not been reached yet, for today the editors are in New Orleans for the purpose of giv ing the order for a machine which is ihe last word in composing room equipment. The purchase price of this remarkable machine is more than the value of the average com plete country printing office. With it we will be able to better serve our patrons and to make West Fellci ana a little bigger spot on the print ing map. TIME FOR ACTION. Several persons, who have come to the parish lately with a view of buy ing land and making their homes here, have "declined the idea" as the darkeys say. Their reason :s not that the land is infertile, or too (lear, for it is certain that the soil is fertile, and land is offered remarka bly cheap. It is not because there are no schools and churches, for both are here. It is not because of the local government, for it is unus unly good, and taxes assessed are not heavy. The sole and only reason was be cause of the roads. People, who are ttecustomed to good roads, would nol 'move to Eden itself if it had no thoroughfares. They simply cannot conceive of existence where there i, no means of getting to and from the home place, while their business training teaches them the folly of expecting to make anything when transportation to market is both cost ly Bhad troublesome, ofttimes impos sible. This condition therefore confronts us. With an entirely inadequate pop ulation for tilling the soil and build :ng and sustaining a large local com merce. of which so fertile a section tion is capabl;e it behooves all to take steps to bring about a change. And this not only to improve the si' nation by inducing immigration, but to enable the home people to find re lief from the heavy indirect taxa tion that bad roads lay upon them. The movement which Mr. Richard son is trying to start deserves the hearty cooperation of all. The time has come for action. Something must be attempted and at once. Every body should get to gether on this, and start road-mak ng. It is going to cost something u t(od deal; but any direct taxes are etLter than the heavy indirect taxa ion that every one is paying. POI NTERS. Thlie Baines school is about to be closed on account of not being able t,, keep up the average. Cause why? Roads and the creek. The road lead ing to the ford of Big Bayou Sara at that point is impassable, only for light buggies and empty wagons. A country school patron writes ask ing us to give one of our "able edi torials" on the school question. We don't at all mind coming to any one's a.si-tance that rightly needs it, but cur editorials denominated "able" seem able only to lose for as the school board's jobwork: as yet noth ing else has been accomplished. How ever we do not work with self-inter (st(od motives, so will present the school patron's plea, which is voiced as follows: "Call the people's attention to the outrage about to be put upon us that of giving the white children only an eight months' term and in creasing the colored teachers' sala r'es and giving the negroes a four iLstead of a three months' term. We, the tax-payers, must have our children deprived of school to give the darkey his dangerous smattering of learning." We do not agree with "Patron" so far as improving the colored schools is concerned. We heartily endorse anything the School) Board does in giving justice to the colored people in this respect. They should have what is coming to them in proportion to the amount of taxes they pay. All of us conversant with the facts know how large the actual discrepancy is bekween what they get and what is due them, and how the white chil dren reap the benefit. In fact we are so old-fashioned as to believe, inferring from all tJle teachings of the Bible as we do, that one reason this country is not more prosperous is because of our injustice to the ne gro. As to the harmfulness of "a smat tering" we are not sure either, as our experience is that a servant, who can read, write and cypher the least lit is more easily explained new things to than the utterly untutored negro. This is considered all rank heresy by too many of our people, but mere opinion does not affect the verities of justice, which are eternal. We shall try to encourage rather than to discourage the School Board in this direction. This does not include approval of i **urtallment of the school session for white children. This parish was one of the first parishes, if not the very first, to afford a nine months' ses sion, and it must not retrograde from t:.i. record. Retrenchment surely can be made in some direction by which the extra 'funds can be found, without depriving the negroes of their morsel of schooling. It seems strange that with fewer rchools than formerly and a smaller nopulation the cost of running the schools has evidently been mounting higher and higher. There are more frills and more paternalism, more of you-scratch-my-b a c k-and-J'l' scratch yours in school management than even in the old days when the School Ioards of the State were accused of employing teachers from political or charitable motives. Thesenew things cost, and they cost too much if they deprive our children of a month's schooling plus the holidays for teach ers' institutes. We sincerely believe that the mem hers of the School Board are truly desirous of doing their full duty by the people, but they have come un der the malign influence of what may be termed the Aswell-Harris re gime that still holds sway in the state, and which while doing good work in some respects, is making the people pay entirely too much for b penny whistle. At the next meeting of the Con se \ation Commission a resolution w:ll be made asking the congress -an of this district to take up with tlc Federal Government the question of establishling a fish hatchery in the st:ate. Several places for the location of the hatchery were being contem plated in case they succeeded in In Cucing the government to establish und stock one. The places under consideration are in East and West Feliciana and East Baton Rouge par islhes, also some places in the north Frn part of the state about Catahou In Lake. The hoboes are holding a real con vention in New Orleans. This may be termed the reduction to an hab surdity of the convention idea, al though there is every probability that as much actual accomplishment or value will result from this conven ltion as does from the average ·on vention, which is nothing at all. Advice to young men: Boast to your friends all you like, but tell, the girl you are to marry what your tn come really is.-Philadelphla Ledger. FOR A SOLID STREET. While the talk of bad roads is the most burning subject of general cop.n versation, the talk includes the streets of St. Francisville, which are in a horrible condition repeating the experience of last winter. This his rnot been from neglectfulness of the municipal authorities, but is generally agreed to be the result of mistaken policy on their part. Time and work and money have been freely spent on the streets, but the plan of filling holes and ruts with white clay, which forms into a sticky mass when wet, a sort of perennial putty as it were, has resulted in roadways that are a terror to man and beast. Though the council has presently stopped the use of this clay, that which remains is suffllcient to continue the bad con d tions. Country roadmakers say that dis aster follows the use of this white clay, and when they find a deposit instead of allowing it to remain, they dig it out. This fact should be a pointer to the town council. But all of us, the Council includ ed, will prove that we can learn lit tle from experience if these roads do not afford a strong argument for a determined, effort to make a solid permanent highway from say Ihe store of M. & E., Wolf to the ZL. R. & N. station. Enough money has al. ready been spent to make a good be ginning on some substantial work. The Council is clever enough to see this, and progressive as well to do it. CUM GRANO SALIS. Gen. Daniel E. Sickles, in. trouble for a shortage in war memorial fundi has an offer from Mrs. Helen D. Long street, widow of the Confederate gen eral, to assist him in raising the Lae ney to replace the misappropriated funds. That is, Mrs. Longstreet says: "I will raise the money to relieve General Sickles of his embarrassmoni if New York pushes the prosecution and none of his Northern friends ge to his aid. The ragged, maimed vct erans of the South will rush to res. pond to the need of one of the most gallhnt soldiers America ever knew. "My husband always spoke of Gen eral Sickles as the here of Gettys. burg."the statement continues. " the) were opposed to each other in that deciding battle of the war, and Gen eral Longstreet, in the last autograph letter he ever wrote, Sept. 19, 1902, to General, Sickles, told him that the taking of the peach orchard by Sick. les' corps won the battle for the Un ion forces. "It was General Longstreet',s de tachment that shot off the leg of the brave Union general, but, as General Longstreet said: 'Sicklles can well atf ford to leave a leg on Gettysburg, for he has made sure his place for ever in the hearts of Americans'." DOING GOOD WORK. Much newspaper notice is given to a superintendent of schools in North Louislana, whose name is not at the moment recalled, giving him desery ed approbation for the influence he has had in building better dwellings and schoolhouses in his parish. On somewhat different lines, a high school principal has been doing some good work over and above his regu lar employment. Mr. H. J. Smith, principal of the W. R. McKowen High School, at Jackson, is referred to. Mr. Smith has a manual depart rment in his school, supported pre sumably by funds appropriated for the purpose. But Mr. Smith does not content himself with devoting mere ly the school hours to the employ ment of the boys, but remains the entire day at the building and grounds, the school boys staying with him engaged in either work or health. ful athletics. For the latter he has provided gymnastic bars, springboard for jumping and other appliances, an, :n consequence the boys find it more Interesting to stay for work or play at the schoolhouse than to seek oth er amusements elsewhere. "Some fun" is the usual quest of the boys in a country town, and when noth ing offers but mischief, mischief fol lows. The boys of Jackson have been rescued from these conditions by Mr. Smith. He takes an interest in improving the school and its sur rout.dings and they follow his ex'm plie. At one time the chief business of the government in its relation to the Indians was sending them to their happy hunting rgrounds. Now the off! cdals are deploring the' high death rate being kept up by poor Lo.-Hat tlePsburg News. The sense of humor 'f the judges must have been considerably tickled when Mr. Jared Y. Sanders emerg* ed from his well-earned obscurity to testify in the Dock Board, and he said that he was "opposed to self perpetuating boards, and while he considered that he had the right to fill vacancies he did not consider that he had the right of removal." This tenderness of conscience, this nice balancing of values, could this in deed be true of the erstwhile grasp all, lose-nothing governor? The suffragettes, disappointed of favorable legislation, have broken out into fresh deeds of violence. Their ar gument, rather say excuse for such a course, is that the vote was given to the common people-the men of 'England in the first place, only be cause of demands made through vio lence. But the suffragettes should r consider that times have changed since that day, and reason not bruce force has potency; and in any case they, the suffragettes, have neither the brute force of men or the unan imity of purpose and action. When a majority of wommen want the ballot they will get it without re sorting to violence. THE MENACE OF THE BUZZARD. The Attorney General has been asked to discover if there is any - Louisiana law protecting the buzzard, ;i the ordinary searcher of law can t find no such statute. The people generally are becoming aroused over I the menace of the buzzard as a scat terer of disease, and his day will not be much Longer in the land. If a law be found it will soon be a repealed, and if there is none, then ir -able bird, whose blot is on our most I beautiful landscapes, your doom is sealed. An old lady, leaving church after a service which had been attended by a crowded congregation, was heard to say: "If everybody else would only do as I do, and stay quiet ly in their seats till every one else has gone out, there would not be such a crush at the doors!"--Milwau kee Sentinel. THE BANKS DIDN'T FIGHT POS TAL BANKS. Doesn't it seem strange that in spite of the tremendous popular de maiid for it, the government fought t for years against a parcel post sys tem and at last give way grudgingly, with a ridiculously small appropria tion for its establishment? The p-.s tal banks were readily established, with little opposition, although there was no great demand for them, and there has been comparatively Pt tie use of them. The only people hurt by the parcel post is one of the most grasping mo hopolies on earth-a monopoly that pays its employees minimum wages, extorts the highest possible price for its services, renders such service at its own convenience and has such a complex and confusing scale of charges' that in many cases its employees are not able to make the same charge for the same service twice in . ue cession. - Lake Charles American Press. And it may be added that by an Ingenious arrangement, or lack of arrangement, had it so that express age was frequently paid at both ends, the express companies reaping thousands of dollars profit, as refund ing is made a troublesome process, and full: of delay. From the nature I of the case, as in the receipt of gifts, Sfor instance, double payment was not traced, the donor unsuspecting an added charge and'the receiver too Spolite to make any comment. Confronted by the parcel post, ihe express companies speedily devised a simple, but effective, system of la bels that put a stop to this trouble. But the companies must do more 'than this,, if they would please the people. Two old friends met in the sanc r tum of The Congressional Record a.md cordially shook hands. "Well," said one, "I guess the change in administration isn't going to affect us any.' "No danger," said the other. "the _ Record can't do without you and me.' They both laughed, shook halds again, and strolled into the copy room. One was "Laughter." The other was "Applause.'"--Cleve land Plain Dealer. A luminous paint for automobiles has been invented in England. It is said that a car coated with it is visible at nights for two miles with out the use of lamps., Gravel roads are being constructed in Iberville parish at a cost of $1,700 per mile. Gravel roads are perma nent, whereas dirt roads demand a maintenance which is costly, to say the beast. The probabilities are that gravel roads could be laid in the Pe licianas much cheaper than this on account of the abundance of mater ial near at hand. Apples, eggs, coffins, full dinner I pails, palms from Florida and beans I from Boston, beeksteaks, laundry !bundles, live dogs and all sorts , t 1 merchandise make up the heterogene Sous business handled by the parcel - post, while the receipt and dispatch of nearly 2,000,000 parcels in the 1first week of its operation show the t etent of the "public need" it fills. The method in the opposition of Ihe epress companies becomes more and more apparent as this branch of the postal service is more generally util Ized.--New York WTorld.1 Mardi Gras, New Orleans One Fare Plus 25c Round Trip VIA EDENBORN LINE (LOUISIANA RAILWAY & NAVIGATION CO.) Jan. 27th to Feb. 4th, 1913. Return Limit, Feb. 14th, with privilege of extension to March 2nd upon de posit of ticket and payment of $1.00 extension fee. Jan. 30th 7 P. M., Knights of Momus. Feb. 3rd 2 P. M., Arrival of Rex. Feb. 3rd 7 P. M., Krewe of Proteus. Feb. 4th 10 A. M., Rex Pagent. Feb. 4th 7 P. M., Krewe of Comus. Special Train from New Orleans, 11:15 p. m. Feb. 4th I .61 THE SOUTH'S GREATEST ! HOOL O BUSIESS" SOLE COLLEGE. NEW ORLEANS, LA. Should be given thebest taining to ,e pare them for success in business. )Personal Instruf-tion. .ree Employ. ment Department. Complete College Bank. College Store and Wholesale Offices. No misla resentations to secure uetu dents. Through the success ofits 22000 formtr students, Soule col!ege is recbgnized everywhere as a Wide Awake, Practical. Popular and Suc eessafl School. OBO. sBOULa & SONS $COW FEED. Ground Corn Cob and Shucks, Cotton Seed Meal, Black Strap Molasses For Sale by RICHARDSON & PERCY. BanK of West Feliciana ; ST. FRANCISVILLE, LA. CAPITAL $50,000 suPLus 18,oo000 8. McC. LAWRASON. President. W. H. BUQUOI, Assiitant Cashier. J. R. MATTHEWS. Cashier. S DIRECTORS--Checton Folkes Vincent M. Jackson, John F. Ir vine, Thomas W. Butler, O.D.Brooks, Joseph Stern, Loseph L. Golsan, S.McC.Lawrason, J. R. Matthews; This Strong, 'Conservative and always Progressive Bank offers * its services to you for your Checking Account, your Savings Ac count or your funds to be placed on Certificates of Deposit. We pay 4 per cent interest on all kinds of Savings Accounls, and - compound Interest semi-annually. You will have safety for your money and convenience for your businees transactions i 'you do * business with this good bank. S PAY BY CHECK,-IT'S 7;HE CONVENIENT WAY. .4 ..In the Market Again;.. *We will, beginning Monday, Sept. 30, buy corn and other produce at best market prices. RICHARDSON & PERCY BAYOU SARA, LA. OIL" Au "LITTLE ADS." FOR SALE-Pine and Oak Wood; cord and stove lengths-MISS LUCY MATTHEWS. llJ4t. WATCH LOST-No. 4,379,367 Elin movement; solid gold double cas?; ladies size. On fob of black velvet was an Odd Fellow charm; a square inch of pearl or ivory with enameled letters "F. L. T." diagonally across. MITTIE F. FUGIAER. FOR SALE--Grade Hereford Cattle, Lespedeza Hay and Seed. EDWARD BUTLER, St. Frnlcisville, La. STRAYED OR STOLLEN--One bay mare colt, two years old; one sorr4l mare colt, white face, about two years old. Will pay suitable reward for re covery of this stock. EDMUND, BELL, 18J3t. Wakefield, La. FOR SALE--47 pigs, 3 months old; 3 young brood sows with 18 pigs one month old; 11 brood sows from 18 months to 3 years old. For prices apply to MATT GILMORE, Wakefield La. ADVERTISE EVERY WEEK. Account Mardi Gras Jan. 30th .4th NEW 0 Will sell tickets at excep tionally low Round Trip Fares LIMITED TO FEBRUARY 14TH and may be extended to March 3rd, 1913. See T. & P. Agents, or write GEO. D. HUNTER, O.P.A. Dallas, Tex. 4(EEP YOUR 8UiSCRIPTION PAID UP.