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The True Democrat.
Vol. XXII St. Franisille, West Feliiana Parish La., Saturday, February 8. 1913 No.2 We Are Receiving 9IA Car of Triumph, White Star and Peerless Planting Potatoes. qAlso 16 Per Cent. Phos phate, Cotton Seed Meal and Mixed Fertilizers. INew Simpkins Cotton Seed direct from Raleigh, N. C. M. 8 E. Wolf. PRESCRIPTIONS Our Prescription Department is our Pride and we make the filling of Prescriptions a Specialty. We use only materials of highest standard of Purity and Strength. Close attention to this Department and years of experience have won for us the confidence of both Phy. sician and Patient. ROYAL PHARMACY, ST. FRANCISVILLE, LA, i-,t. . S. I. Reymond Co., Ltd., Cor Main and Third Streets Baton Rouge, La. Dry Goods, Notions, Shoes Hats, Clothing, Housefurnishing, Etc. "Do Unto Others As You Would Have Them Do Unto You." This is to inform the pcople that I have moved my store in the old Gastrell building, where I shall be glad to see my cus tomers and to serve them. As the high water has crippled me.considerably and as I had to go to heavy expense, I would like to see everyone I have favor ed come forward and do unto me as I have done to them. Columbus and Weber Wagons, Parry Buggies, American Wire Fence 192 Ibs. to the roll and 26 inches high, Deering Harvester Tools, International Engine, and all the leading hardware imple ments obtainable always on hand or on short notice. Champion Potato Digger-the kind to dig peanuts and sweet and Irish Potatoes-can be seen in operation at W. Daniel's, Jr. CHARLES WEYDERT'S OF COURSE. ar (dhWYi N iddWWWWWWWWWWWWWWVNjidWWYYY~ W W(WWWW my; re CHAS. TADLOCK CARPENTER AND BUILDER T Estimates Furnished onH Application th th Wire Doors and Screens tO Specialty pr Window and Door Frames, Mantels, Etc. tel First.Class Heart Shingles .h Always On Hand. th Be ý1!ý:ýýk!!ý!!M''1ýMMJll!MIM Pictures of the Past. Extracts from the files of The True Democrat, published twenty-one years ago. JAN. 10, 1892. The parish prisoners were being used to close the cave in the Bayou Sara levee. The decision in the Supreme Court of the United States against the lot tery was celebrated in St. Francis ville by the firing of anvils. Mme. Sarah Bernhardt was making one of her farewell tours of the Unit ed States and was to sing in New Or o ans. An informal croquet party was held on Mrs. Golsan's pretty lawn. Young Chas. Tadlock was clerking for Jacob Flonacher. Mr. Howard Spillman and Miss Su sie Roberts were married at the home at the bride's parents, Rev. Dr. Doug las officiating. The Woodville Republican, Pointe Coupee Banner, Pointe ,Coupee Dem ocrat, and the Feliciana Sentinel all had kind words for the first issue of The True Democrat. The True Democrat was handling the political situation without gloves. The heading "Personal But Polite" appeared in the first issue of this pa per, and has been running ever since. The True Democrat was entered ar the Bayou Sara postoffice, as there was then no postoffice in St. Fran cisvillet --- --n --- -um [ ISTATE'S HEALTH TRAIN WILL VISIT BAYOU SAR The health exhibit train belonging to the Louisiana Board of Health, in charge of Dr. Oscar Dowling, will make its second visit to Bayou Sara c.n next Monday, Feb. 10th, arriving at 10:05 a. in. and leaving for Na ples at 10:12 1. m. The present tour is being made over the lines of the Louisiana Rail way & Navigation Company and com pletes the itinerary which was inter I upted last spring by the high water. Besides Dr. Dowling, there will be in the party Miss Agnes Morris, who will give lectures on hygiene; Mr. J. 11. O'Niell, sanitary engineer; Miss F. B. Nelken, stenographer-demon strator; Mr. Cary Robertson, electri cian; and one or two sanitary i:1 speciors. The exhibits on the train will be open to inspection during the great er part of the day, and different lec tures will be given. Moving pictures and lectures will be given at night, if arrangements for a hall and mov ing picture apparatus to and from train are furnished by citizens. It is expected that a sanitary in spection of the two towns will be made, and it is to be hoped that Dr. Dowling will find an improvement over conditions as they existed at the time of his former visit two years ago. This health exhibit train is the means of disseminating valuable ,n formation to the public, and it is to be hoped that all our citizens who can will visit the train and hear the lectures. WITH LITTLE FUEL. To boil a ham without much fuel place it in a boiler, cover with cold water and allow it to boil one hour. then cover up all crevices to keep in the steam and leave for about twelve hours. The ham will be tho roughly cooked, and if the hour's boiling is done in the afternoon it will be ready for vise next morning. If the buzzards go, then farmers must ply their spades the more. this is reason, not rhyme. SIXTEEN YEARS IN THE CABI NET. When his successor is named, Sec retary of Agriculture James Wilson will return to his home in Traer, ra ma County, Iowa. With the enthusiasm of a boy, Sec retary Wilson reviews his achieve ments since first accepting the port folio under President McKinley. It is not always the case where a retir ing official grows enthusiastic, but Secretary Wilson, according to re ports from Washington,seems to 'lave entered a period of renewed youth. Among things he recently is quoted as saying is that there are no poli tics in the Department of Agriculture. This may be his honest belief, but there are two recent cases so con clusive of the fact that political mat ters play a prominent part in the af fairs of the department that Secre tary Wilson must be credited wi,th having made a mistake. The Ballin ger-Pinchot controversy is still fresh in the memory of the people, while the controversy growing out of the resignation of Dr. Harvey Wiley is no less suggestive of political feel ing. But it is the good the department has done for which Secretary Wil son should be remembered and hon ored, not the mistakes he may have made. One of the best things accomplish ed was when Dr. Knapp was sent over to the Orient in search of a hard variety of rice that would not break up in the threshing machines and that was suitable for cultivation in the South. The very rice that Dr. Knapp brought back from the Phil lipines is now being shipped back to the islands from points in the South. It is in developing agricultural in dustry that Secretary Wilson has shown his wonderful ability. He has not figured conspicuously in the lime light as some of his associate cabinet officers, but he has gained the confi dence of the farmers of theUnited States, and when he retires it will o: i' nulch regret. That he has served under three presidents and for sixteen years is decidedly to his credit, for no other minister in the history of the cabinet has ever duplicated this record. Memphis Commercial-Appeal. THE TRUE DEMOCRAT PURCHASES WONDERFUL MACHINE AS COMPOSING ROOM EQUIPMENT As mentioned briefly in these col umns, last week, The True Democrat has let the order for a Model 8 Stand ard Multiple Magazine Linotype to replace the Junior Linotype installed two and one-half years ago. The Jun inr Linotype is a good machine and N as the means of developing The True Democrat's Job and book print ing business to a very great extent. However, its limitations were such that The True Democrat has reached the point that it must either mark time or put in a better machine. Choosing always to progress where progression is possible, The True Democrat ordered the new machine. The Model 8, Multiple Magazine Linotype is one of the latest pat terns put out by the Mergenthaler Linotype Company. In fact, there are but four in use in Louisiana now three in New Orleans and one in Baton Rouge. The new machine is equipped with three magazines of two-letter matrices which gives three different sizes of type and six different faces. It is so arranged that any size of face can be set from 51, point to 42 point, merely by substituting different fonts of matrices. The length of line can be regulated by the operator from two-thirds of an inch to five inches. The change of length of line and face of type takes no longer than thirty seconds, and the operator does not have to leave his seat. The True Democrat will carry a large line of matrices, advertising figures, etc., and will be able to take care of any kind of newspaper, book oi job composition. The range of work that can be done on this ma chine is practically unlimited. The Model 8 will be in operation in this office in about three weeks. Due announcement will be made and tihe public will be invited to visit this office and see it in operation. * EMPLOYMENT FOR THE UNEM PLOYED. SThe following paragraphs are taken from a sermon by Rev. J. M. White, pastor of the First Methodist Church, New Orleans. They take a sympa thetic and comprehensive view of a great social problem: ie The problem of the unemployed has become a national problem. We may divide these into four classes. e First there is the tramp, who scorns to labor with his hands. He is as II free from suspicion of toil as the scion of Europe's great nobility. Then there is the "hobo," who occa g sonally deviates into toil. Whilst he has no great love of labor, still he has no conscientious scruples against occasional work, provided that the r hours be not over-long. Then there is the "gay-cat," or migratory work er, who follows the wheat fields or e labors amid the lumber camps. To these might be added the superan nuated hobo, or "mush fager." He la bors at mending umbrellas or grind ing scissors or some other form of light but very precarious work. All these have one thing in common, they have no home, no local ties, no so I cial aims. They are more to be pit iE:d than blamed. There are 350,000'of this class In the United States. If all were gath ered into one city it would be much larger than New Orleans. Before the war a tramp was never seen. The first known in the annals of hoboism was two discharged soldiers known by the sobriquets of "Erie Grip" and "Philly Pop." One of them fell from grace and became a justice of the peace in a Western state, but the other remained true to his ideals and established the order of "Weary Wil lies." What are the causes that have produced this truly modern phenom entn? Hard times deprives the honest, but not overly-capable workman of a job. Vainly and helplessly he looks about him and then begins to drift, becoming more helpless and hopeless with the passing days. Or because of a strike he is blacklisted and vain ly seeks employment until wandering becomes with him a habit. Then he may have a trade, which some inven tor renders useless and unable to ac commodate himself to changed con d!tions he floats with the tide. The sectacle is a sad one and ought to stir our hearts to earnest endeavor for their social and spiritual salva tion. The way we are dealing with this problem would scarcely commend us to Solomon for wisdom. In many sec tions of our country the fee system obtains. The constable and magis trate are supported by sums collect ed from prisoners known as costs. Wandering working men are oft-times arrested, thrown into prison and worked on the road, all because they were unfortunate enough to be with Gut a Job. The arrests were made for the sake of the costs that accrued to the officer. It is nothing more nor less than judicial graft and where it lb in vogue such methods should be stopped. It is far better that 100 tramps should go by in freedom than that one honest workman should be made to suffer unjustly. And then to put a man in jail because he is a vagrant is absurd, because a man has no work we place him where he can have no work. I met a man at the Parish Prison sentenced to a six months' idleness because he would ndt work for his family. I am well aware that it is the law, but I agree with one of Dicken's characters who remarked: "If the law does that well, the laws is an ass." In the matter of social development 1 many European states are far ahead of us here in America. First of all there is the insurance Iature. By the paying of a small we tkly stipend thie workman has a poliy that, in the event of his losing his job, for two months will pay him a stipend sufficient for the wants of himself and family. That gives him time to look around and readjust himself to new work, or find a similar position. Then the state has labor exchanges under public control where reliable information may be obtained con cerning employment and the need for labor at other places. The third proposal, soon to be a part of Eu rope's program, is the establishment of trade schools. If a man has his occupation destroyed by an inventor, these schools will teach him a new occupation. For example, the auto- I mobile has thrown a great number of hack drivers out of employment. A 1 school of instruction whereby the hack driver might have been trans MAY IMPROVE LOCAL LIGHT & WATER PLANT a The Town Council of St. lrancis ville is considering the proposition of putting in a new plant at the pow er house, which will revolutionize the present method of furnishing elec tric current and water to the consum ers of the two towns. It is not Intended to do away with the old plant. The idea is to keep it intact and use it as an aux iliary to the new one, so that in case of accident there would be no Incon venience caused to the town's custo meres. The new plant will cost in round numbers $6,000, a sum that will IA no wise embarrass the finances of the town and one which will put not one cent extra burden upon the taxpay- - era. Instead of using steam for power, the new plant will be run by an en gine that uses a mixture of crude oil for fuel. The saving in fuel alone will pay for the plant in less than three years, without any addition to the list of consumers the town now has. If this new plant is put in, elec tric current will be furnished day and night, and the standpipe will be kept filled automatically, thus affording better fire protection. The day current will be a boon to every home and business house in Ithe community, for with such con trivances as fans, feed choppers, heat ers, toasters, washers, etc., the cost of comfort and productiot .if many lines can be materially lessened. Another advantage of the new plant will be that after it pays for "itself by the saving in fuel, the charges for power and water cal be greatly reduced. There are several firms in town who are ready to put in minters and the demand will be greater when the iplanet is Installed. The members of the town councll have the interests of the town in mind, and while this matter is pend ing they would like to have an ex pression from some of the citizens. formed into a chauffeur would have been a godsend to many a poor man. New York has established a farm colony and Wisconsin a farm colony and trade school to handle this ques tVon. Louisiana could well follow the example of these progressive Ameri can commonwealths. The idleness of this great army is costing America in national wealth more than $300, 000,000 a year. Surely here is a con servation problem worthy of ou; at tention. Not only would we create wealth by the wise handling of our problem, but we would create some thing for better manhood. Louisiana has a vast area Of unde veloped farm lands. The greatest source of our wealth lies undevelop ed. It might be well to take thee derelicts and teach them the work of the farm, instructing them in tie rudiments of scientifle agriculture. They ought to be kept, not like pris oners, but like men who need a lit tle help towards self-support; they ought to be kept until the roving habit can be interrupted, kept un til social ties are formed and social sanctions begin to have a value. We ought to deal with this class on ,he basis of our holy religion. I am con strained to believe that many noble characters might thus be formed. They are our unfortunate brethren. Easter hats will blossom earlier this year than they have since 1858, and earlier than they will burst Into bloom for just one more century. March 22 ie the earliest date on which Easter can fall, but that ha not occurred since 1818. This year it will be March 28.-Monroe New. Star. A GRACE. Before we taste of food and drink, A moment let us pause to think How all the time in every land, With active brain and busy hand, Men toil, that we may eat. Their number we may never know, Nor can we pay the debt we owe, With money. Only service given, According to the law of Heaven, Will render us complete. Nor may we eat, that so we be F'or service strengthened, and may see Assurance of that coming day When none shall want, when each shall say: "To serve, indeed, is meat."