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The true Democrat. [volume] (Bayou Sara [La.]) 1892-1928, December 05, 1914, Image 1

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The True Democrat.
Vol. XXIII St. Francisville, West Feliciana Perish La., Saturday, December 5, 1914. No. 45
LATE PLANTING OF OATS NOT
ADVISABLE.
"Oats planted after the 15th of De
co..mber are not likely to make more
tlhan half a crop," says Prof. W. R.
Dl)dson, Director of the Louisiana Ex
periment Stations. "On late plantings
I would advise the use of an extra
quantity of seed, then if the indica
tions are that the heads are not going
to be large they can be cured for hay
when they are in milk and they will
give a fine quality of hay and make
a very good yield. Late plantings of
oats will not stool as much as a crop
that is planted earlier."
Professor Dodson does not believe
it would be a wise plan to plant oats
in the spring unless the seeds have
been selected somewhat for their
adaptability to spring planting.
OVER 44,000,000 RED CROSS SEALS
SOLD IN 1913.
More than 44,000,000 Red Cross
Christmas Seals were sold last Decem
ber, according to a report issued by
the National Association for the Study
and Prevention of Tuberculosis, and
the American Red Cross. In this way
$440,000 is netted for anti-tuberculosis
work in various parts of the United
States.
The sale in 1913 is a gain of 4,000,000
seals over 1912, or 10 per cent. It is
hoped that this year the 50,000,000
mark will be reached. The seal design
for 1914 has been selected and orders
for the printing of 100,000,000 seals
have been placed. Plans for the or
ganization of a larger sale this year
than ever before have been perfected.
New York State led the country last
year with a sale of over 10,500,000
seals or one for each man, woman and
child in the state. Of this number,
more than 6,825,000 were sold outside
of New York City. Ohio came next
with a sale of 2,800,000, Wisconsin
third with 2,700,000, and Illinois fourth
with 2,500,000. Hawaii sold the most
seals per capita, the total sale being
somewhat over two for each inhabitant.
Rhode Island came second with a sale
of two per person.
Beginning with a sale of 13,500,000
in 1908, in six seasons the revenue
which these little holiday seals have
brought to the anti-tuberculosis cam
paign has more than tripled, an aggre
gate for the period of over $1,800,000
or 180,000,000 seals.
W. C. Howell, of West Feliciana,
failed to be elected secretary of the
General Probe Commission when the
investigators met in New Orleans
Monday morning. He got three votes.
Dr. J. S. York of Rayville was chosen
for the place.
THE FARM BOY'S CREED.
I believe that the country which God
made is more beautiful than the city
which man made; that life out of doors
and in touch with the earth is the
natural life of man.
I believe that work with nature is
more inspiring than work with the
most intricate machinery.
I believe that the dignity of labor
depends not on what you do but how
you do it; that opportunity comes to a
boy on the farm as often as to the boy
in the city; that life is larger and
freer and happier on the farm than in
the town; that my success depends
not upon my location, but upon myself;
not upon my dreams, but upon what I
actually do; not upon luck, but upon
pluck.
I believe in working when you work,
and in playing when you play, and in
giving and demanding a square deal in
every act of life.
Now that the new banking system
has gone into effect, the West and
South should be able to get money
when they need it without paying
usurious interest, and there should be
proper banking facilities for agricul
ture and industry instead of credit be
ing monopolized so largely by com
merce and speculation.
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT,
State of Louisiana.
Whereas, William Holly Taylor, a
resident of the Parish of West Felic
iana, State of Louisiana, has applied to
me for the cancellation of One Bond,
drawn and subscribed by Robert S.
Taylor, as principal, with William H.
Taylor for $200.00, Charles S. Taylor
for $150.00, Louis West for $75.00, and
F. O. Hamilton for $75.00, as sureties,
which said bond was recorded Febru
ary 7, 1901, in Mortgage Record P
folio 215, of the Records of the Parish.
of West Feliciana, dated February 6,
1901, and conditioned for the faithful
performance and discharge by said
Robert S. Taylor of his duties as Con
stable of the Ninth Ward of the Parish
of West Feliciana, State of Louisiana.
Now, therefore, I, Luther E. Hall,
Governor of the State of Louisiana,
have thought proper to issue this my
proclamation with the view of giving
public notice to all persons herein
interested and concerned to show
cause in writing, at the office of the
Secretary of State at the City of Baton
Rouge, La., within ninety days from
and after the last publication hereof
why said Bond and the mortgage re
sulting therefrom should not be can
celled and annulled and the above
named securities discharged from any
further liabilities in the premises.
Given under my signature and the
Seal of the State of Louisiana at the
City of Baton Rouge, this 30th day of
October A. D. 1914.
L. E. HALL.
By the Governor:
ALVIN E. HEBERT,
Secretary of State.
PROPER METHOD OF N
GROWING FIG8.
(W. J. Warrington in Sou. Farmer.) k
Figs were introduced into the United L
States by the early Spanish and French "
settlers. A few hardy varieties were
grown and propagated until there is u
scarcely a home in the Southern States 31
that has not one or more trees of this 0
most delicious fruit. In the cities they
are eagerly sought after, and the ~J
market never fully supplied; yet the n
commercializing of the fig as one of P
our most profitable industries has f(
made very slow progress.
Figs of almost any variety, except
the Symrna, will bear heavy crops of d
fruit in almost any place, if cultivated n
and fed properly. No great amount of
labor is necessary. Half as much work
as is bestowed on cotton and many
other crops is more profitable, if a
simple, easy and intelligent method of
culture is given the orchard. To begin,
plant the best trees of the best varie
ties; never plant trees on new ground;
at least one year's cultivation in a crop
is necessary. Old ground, moderately q
rich is better. The land should be a
well and deeply broken before planting. a
The figs should be set sixteen to
twenty feet apart and much depends i
on variety and location. Cultivate at n
least two years and not over three r'
years. Grow some leguminous crops
between the trees, such as cow or field a
peas. Plow in the green crop late in fl
the fall. Two to four barrels of air- fi
slacked lime should be scattered over
the ground and disced or harrowed in c
every three or four years. On the a
coast where shells are abundant this
is not necessary. The land should be P
well drained. The water level must be a
at least three or four feet below the e
surface. Oyster shell can be worked in o
the ground around the trees to decid- e
ed advantage. Trees on shell banks l
where shells are abundant are always
heavy fruiters. The necessary car- S
bonate of lime is supplied by the shells. a
After the second year's cultivation, s
plow or disc the ground, not more than v
three or four inches deep. Fif roots q
are surface feeders and the roots must t
not be disturbed during the growing 8
seasan. Fall breaking is desirable, re- '
ceding from the trees as they grow
larger. Peas or strawberries can be t
profitably grown between the rows for i
several years. r
The most universal fig along the gulf
bordering states is the Celeste, a hardy, I
medium sized, well known fig; a splen- I
did home variety, though not desirable I
for commercial purposes. Texas lays
great stress on the Magnolia, a large
fig, covering a long bearing season,
and by far the most popular and high
est priced fig for preserving purposes.
It is generally grown in bush form,
does well in Louisiana, and would be a
profitable variety for the lower gulf
bordering states.
The best commercial fig for all I
around purposes, best for shipping, I
canning, drying and preserving, is the
Florentine,-a very hardy, heavy fruit
er. The fruit is of a light golden
lemon color, the center a yellow or
amber tint, skin pale green and very
thin. The Florentine is the longest
keeper of all. During the last two
years figs of this variety in trial pack
ages were shipped by mail three thou
sand miles, four to six days in transit.
If packed in strawberry boxes and
shipped in refrigerator cars there is no
doubt but that they would keep ten or
twelve days. The quality and flavor is
of the best. The Florentine seems to
combine all the good qualities of other
varieties, and none of their objection
able ones. It is a new and highly im
proved fig, destined to lead all other
varieties.
Another fig that claims recognition
and is gaining favor is the Norman,
which has many of the good qualities
of the Florentine, both as a shipper
and for preserving. It is a most de
licious breakfast fruit also.
Still another variety that originated,
probably on the Louisiana coast, has
its strong advocates as a shipping fig.
It is Father Cary's, and is known as
the "Jennings Fig." It possesses merit
and is desirable.
As a commercial proposition, it is
my belief that figs can be made one of
the most profitable crops of the South.
The area where figs grow is limited.
The North and West are hungry for
them. The rich dainty Celeste is too
perishable for shipping and rather
small for preserving or pickling, and
commands only half the price of larger
kinds. Probably its best commercial
use would be to make fig butter and
fig paste. The larger and select va
rieties will always be an expensive
luxury and a money maker. The pos
sibilities of this industry are Just be
ginning to dawn upon our people.
Small investments in the choice varie
NET WEIGHT OR MEASURE LAW. GI
On January 1, 1915, Act No. 213,
known as the Net Weight or Measure
Law, passed by the last legislature, ju
will go into effect. de
This act requires the net weight, net ti(
measure or numerical count to be con- M
spicuously marked upon all packages
of food sold in this state. se
Articles of food already on hand nf
January 1, 1915, and not bearing the it
net measure, etc., shall be exempt only of
provided they are branded with the in
following: "On hand January 1, 1915." ad
An article of food, as used in Act 213,
shall include all articles used as food, bu
drink, confectionery or condiment, by $8
man or other animals.
"In package form" shall mean any th
container in which the article is pack- ba
ed and offered for sale. This includes wi
packages made of glass, "tin, wood, or co
paper. la
The penalty for violation of this act
varies from ten to five hundred dollars, gi
or from ten days to six months in jail. tic
Any article of food meeting the re- ca
quirements of the United States Ja
amendment of March 1913 to the Food el,
and Drugs Act, together with the regu- cc
lations under food inspection decision h
No. 154, regarding statement of weight,
measure or count, will also meet the
requirements of the Louisiana law.
Packages containing less than two SI
avoirdupois ounces, or less than one
fluid ounce, or fewer than six units of
food, shall be exempt from marking. sa
The State Board of Health has been fo
charged with the enforcement of the hi
act.
The law, If strictly enforced, will be
put a stop to under weight or under
measure selling of food. It will be of tip
especial benefit to the consumer, and ec
on that account he should give his f,
encouragement to its strict enforce- p
ment. st
It requires not only the marking of in
sealed package goods, but all food sold ai
across the counter. In the latter in
stance, conspicuous marking in pencil
will let the consumer know just the
quantity bought. It should encourage
buying by weight and measure, and
also encourage the use of scales and r
mneasures in the home.
It is to be hoped that the manufac
turer, jobber and retailer will make tC
immediate effort to come within the
requirements of the law.
Further information can be obtained
by making inquiry of the Food and
Drug Department, Louisiana State
Board of Health. E
LA. STATE BOARD OF HEALTH, w
OSCAR DOWLING, a,
Pres. and Ex-Officio Food Comm. a
__ h
WAR TAX 18 ON. -
In addition to their state, parish, ii
municipal, and special taxes, the peo-lE
pie of this country will now have to s
begin payment of the so-called "war b
tax," which went into effect on Nov. 1. n
On and after that date special taxes
will be imposed on many items. Bank- c
ers will have to pay $1 for each $1,000li
of capital used or employed, including v
surplus and undivided profits. Theatres, c
museums, and concert halls having ah
seating capacity of not more than 250,
will pay $25 ahnually; those seating c
between 250 and 500 will pay $50, and
those between 500 and 800 will pay $75. 0
Public exhibitions or shows for money,
$10; bowling alleys and billiard tables,
$15 for each alley or table; dealers in
tobacco, $4.80. The stamp taxes will
go into effect December 1, and will
.apply to many things. For instance,
.promissory note and each renewal of
same must have a 2-cent stamp for
each $100 or fractional part. Express a
and freight bills of lading, 1 cent; tele
graph and telephone messages on
which the charge is 15 cents or more,
1 cent. Legal documents almost with
out number, such as bonds, deeds, in
surance policies, etc., must carry
stamps. The penalties for evading the
law or violating its provisions are very
severe, and the validity of some docu
ments may be affected if sufficient
g stamps are not affixed.
t
Neither the Legislature nor Con
*gress has a right to tell me how many
tacres of cotton I must plant than it has
to tell he how many biscuits I must eat
at one meal, but I ought to have sense
r enough to know when I get enough of
Sanything, and not have to be choked
r off.-Johnson County Herald.
d
SA single idea may have greater
Ilvalue than all the labor of all the
d men, animals, and engines of a century.
e ties bring quick returns and no possi
B- bility of a "glut" in the market. Figs
e- offer one of the most seductive induce
e. ments for the enterprising man and
e- woman to reap a golden harvest.
GINNERS TO MEET IN MEMPHIS
JAN. 1 AND 2.
Your assistance is needed. Here is do
just a few of the things that may be bE
done at the coming national conven- D;
tion of ginners, Jan. 1 and 2, 1915, in st
Memphis, Tenn.: ca
"Unless prices advance on lint and
seed to consider the advisability of vi
nailing each gin up in 1915 as soon as st
it has ginned one-half of the number cc
of bales ginned in 1914. By such steps ai
in all the South lint and seed will pl
advance. in
"To start a movement to use nothing m
but cotton bagging. This will consume is
$8,000,000 of cotton at home. d
"To extend the present system of
the Ginners' Association in buying si
bagging direct from the factory and se
which has saved the ginners who have tl
co-operated with us thousands of dol
lars." B:
We are asking you to invite every
ginner in your county to this conven
tion and come yourself. Reduced rates
can be had Dec. 31st with final return
Jan. 6th. National delegates have been
elected from all the states and the
convention will be the largest ever
held. F,
GINNERS' ASSOCIATION, rE
Veigh Cockrum, Pres. tb
SEES FAMILY AND CITY AGAIN.
(New Orleans Item.)
Thanksgiving Day, Edward J. Byrnes
saw his youngest son, now almost 21,
for the first time. He also had about
him at this happy family reunion his
grandchildren whom he had never seen
before.
Since entering the Jackson institu- 0
tion, Byrnes had never left it. Well
educated, and in his early days a pro
fessor in the schools of St. Mary
parish, he never relinquished his
studies while at Jackson. He served
in the office of that great institution
and there met people from all over
the state conversing with them freely.
Of late Byrnes has been convalesc
ing and Dr. Pierson promised him a
real Thanksgiving. They left Jackson b
Wednesday afternoon, intending to t
reach the old Byrnes home that even
ing soon after their arrival.
But they searched in vain on a down
town street and both returned to the
St. Charles where the night was spent.
It was like the return of the fabled re
Rip Van Winkle.
New Orleans was a new world to a
Edward J. Byrnes, and Dr. Pierson a
was the glasses through which he was
again to see his native city and become
acquainted with it. He was in a new
hotel, for the St. Charles of to-day $
was not built when he went to Jack- I
son. The Whitney Central bank build
ing, the stock exchange, the towering f,
Hibernia building and the other sky- i
scrapers that lifted their peaks to L
heaven, were all amazing to Byrnes,
now returning to life.
Canal was dazzling to him. They I
crossed it during the brilliant electric
lighting on Thanksgiving night. He
was bewildered with the varegated f
colors-a new revelation, from which a
he had been shut in for 21 long years. s
Byrnes walked silently by the side
of Dr. Pierson, overcome by the new-f
ness of everything. The world was so I
big after all.
But his real thoughts were of home,
home sweet home.
And the baby boy who had been
born a few months after his departure
for Jackson.
S"We'll find them in the morning,"
r said Mr. Byrnes to Dr. Pierson re
Sassuringly, as they retired to their
hotel rooms.
"Yes, and you're liable to get lost;
this is not the town you used to know."
"That's all right. If I get lost I'll
call up my old friend Chief of Police
Journee."
"He's no longer chief of police."
"No matter, he'll remember me and
Shelp me out."
t And Byrnes was right. In his day
Captain John Journee was superintend
ent of police, and when the matter
was called to his mind he remembered
Edward J. Byrnes quite well. He was
Srejoiced to know that this Thanksgiv
t ing of 1914 had brought him back to
his family reunited and a well man.
f Thursday morning came and Dr.
d Pierson and Byrnes stood in the hotel
lobby waiting for 9 o'clock.
"I'm going to Canal street to do a
r little shopping," said Dr. Pierson. "You
e wait here until I return, then we will
V. go uptown and find your family."
When Dr. Pierson returned Byrnes
1. was gone.
s "I was pretty badly worried," he ad
emitted Friday, "but I whistled to my
d self and knocked about for half an
hour when, who loomed up but Byrne.,
LOUISIANA MEDALLION DAY.
I, L. E. Hall, Governor of Louisiana,
do hereby designate Saturday, Decem
ber 5, 1914, as Louisiana Medallion
Day, and call upon the citizens of the
state to lend their aid to this worthy
cause in every way possible.
And I request the officials of the
various Women's Clubs throughout the
state, and all other organizations, to
co-operate in this movement, the banks
and merchants to lend their aid, the
press to give publicity and general
information concerning it, and the
mayors of cities, towns and villages to
issue proclamations designating the
day as Louisiana Medallion Day.
In testimony whereof, I hereunto
sign my name and cause the great
seal of Louisiana to be affixed, this,
the 23rd day of November, A. D. 1914.
(Signed) L. E. HALL.
By the Governor.
ALVIN E. HEBERT,
Secretary of State.
CHINESE FARMING.
(W. C. Chevis in Crowley Signal.)
In his fascinating book, "Farmers of
Forty Centuries," the late Prof. King
relates the infinite pains with which
the Chinese farmers save and gather
up every conceivable waste article to
put back upon their soil. The result
is seen in the contrast between the
productive capacity of their soil and
that of our own. Four thousand years
of continuous cultivation have increas
ed to a wonderful extent the soil of
China; a hundred years, fifty, twenty
five sometimes, have worn our soil
out. And still we are wont to apply
to these farmers the epithet, "the
heathen Chlnee."
From an agricultural standpoint, who
appears to be the heathen? John China
man or Henry Jones? and the reason
John Chinaman is so far ahead of us
is because he wastes nothing; he fer
tilizes continuously.
In East Baton Rouge parish next
week the members of the parish school
board in a body will visit all schools in
the parish. Their example should be
followed by otherparish school boards.
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT,
State of Louisiana.
Whereas, William Holly Taylor, a
resident of the Parish of West Felic
iana, Louisiana, has applied to me for
the cancellation of Seven Bonds, drawn
and subscribed by himself as principal,
as follows:
One for $2,000.00, recorded May 29,
1884, in Mortgage Record M folio 62,
with the following sureties: Robert C.
Wickliffe for $500.00, O. D. Brooks for
$500.00, S. C. Stirling for $500.00, and
D. Stocking for $500.00; One for
$2,000.00, recorded June 23, 1888, in
Mortgage Record N folio 22, with the
following sureties: Thos. Raynham,
Ernest Newman, T. T. Lawson, and
L. P. Kilbourne, each for $500.00; One
for $2,000.00, recorded June 24, 1892,
in Mortgage Record N folio 660, with
the following sureties: L. P. Kilbourne,
Ernest Newman, Henry Tempel, and
August Muller, each for $500.00; One
for 92,00.00, recorded July 3, 1896, in
Mortgage Record O folio 340, with the
following sureties: Edward L. New
sham for 91,000.00, and Aaror, Schles
singer and Joseph D. Smith for $500.00
each; One for $2,000.00, recorded Jan
uary 28, 1901, in Mortgage Record P
folio 208, with the following sureties:
B. L. Newsham for $1,000.00 and Ernest
Newman and Aaron Schlessinger for
9500.00 each; One for $2,000.00, record
ed July 2, 1904, in Mortgage Record Q
folio 228, with Thomas W. Raynham
and E. L. Newsham as sureties for
$1,000.00 each; and one for $2,000.00,
recorded June 27, 1908, in Mortgage
Record R folio 286, with Charles Wey
dert as surety for $2,000.00, dated re
spectively May 26, 1884; June 16, 1888;
- June 8, 1892; July 3, 1896; December
r31, 1900; June 23, 1904; and June 22,
1908; and conditioned for the faithful
performance a~nd discharge by said
William Holly Taylor of his duties as
Coroner of the Parish of West Felic
l iana, State of Louisiana.
SNow, therefore, I, Luther E. Hall,
Governor of the State of Louisiana,
have thought proper to issue this my
proclamation with the view of giving
I public notice to all persons herein in
terested and concerned to show .ause
in writing, at the office of the Secre
tary of State at the City of Baton
SRouge, La., within ninety days from
r and after the last publication hereof
dlwhy said Bond and the mortgage re
a sulting therefrom should not be can
celled and annulled and the above
r named securities discharged from any
o further liabilities in the premises.
Given under my signature and tJa
Seal of the State of Louisiana at the
r. City of Baton Rouge, this 30th day of
I October A. D. 1914.
L. E. HALL.
By the Governc':
SALVIN E. HEBERT,
*u Secret-ry of State.
his sister and other members of the
!s family."
Then they put off for Foucher street,
d.'where the whole family, children,
y- grandchildren and all had gathered.
i "I rather enjoyed this Thanksgiving,
is, too," remarked Dr. Pierson.
: Pittsburg Coal
and Cord Wood of
. all kinds delivered
s. on short notice......
LET ME DO YOUR HAULING.
"" J. A. LANGLOIS. "
Phone 19. Bayou Sara, La.
Best Lineof Candy
In Town
We now have one of the best assorted stocks of
candy ever shown in this town. The variety
is great enough to suit the taste of the most
fastidious. Use candy as a peace-maker.
The Royal Pharmacy.
Jacobs Candies
Made Last Night.

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