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PAY YOUR POLL TAX BY JAN. 1-THAT DOLLAR BELONGS TO THE CHILDREN
The True Democrat.
Vol. XXIII St. Francisville, West Feliciana Parish La. Saturday; December 26, 1914. No. 48
.I _ II--- - - In tH il iII • Ii IIIIBI i ImiI Im
SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT ON THE SCHOOLS
OF WEST FELICIANA FOR FIRST THREE MONTHS
SCHOOL o o ,
Cat Island...... 1 12 11 921
S 2 12 12 1001
" 3 12i10 8392%
Grange Hall.... 134 23.2 68
. 244 30.9 70
" " ...3 48, 36.2 75171%
New Hope....... 1 16' 13.3 831
.......2 16 12.9 81
...... 3 161 9.3 58 74%
Star Hill....... 1 22i 19.21 87
" .......2 23' 22.3 97
" ...... 3 23 20.3 90191%
Wakefield.... 1 40 37.5 94'
" ..... 2 43 41.5 97
S ...... 3 431 39 9194%
J. Freyhan.... 1 193184.6 96
S .... 2 195184.1 94
S ...... 1971181.4 93i4.3%
Poplar Spring.. 1 231 19.5 85[
S.. 2 23 19.8 861
"4 .. 3 23' 16.51 72181%
Freeland....... 1 9 8 9u'
...... 2 10 9.3 93
....... 3 10 9.2 9292%
Wilhelm........ 1 25 17.4 70
........ 2 25 16.8 67
........ 3 25 17.8 7169%
Ninth Ward.... 1 10 9.1 91
... 2 11 10.3 94
Beech Grove... 1 11 11 99
.. 2 1110 91
. ".. 3 11 10 9194%
A careful study of the above table
will reveal the fact that the Cat Island
school is the only school which suc
ceeded in scoring an average attend
ance for one month of 100%. While
Beech Grove apparently should be
credited with a 100% attendance for
the first month, an examination of the
teacher's report shows that a few days
were missed by certain pupils.
Julius Freyhan, Wakefield and Ninth
Ward were close contestants for first
place in the general average on at
tendance. Julius Freyhan won out by
one-third of one per cent. Wakefield
and Ninth Ward then tied for second
place with Beech Grove a close third.
Grange Hall shows the greatest in
crease in attendance, jumping from 34
the first month to 48 the third month,
making an increase in the enrollment
of 41%. This, of course, was due to
the abnormal conditions existing in
this school at the opening of the school
term. All the other schools show only
a slight increase or a stationary enroll
ment. This indicates that practically
all who intended entering school the
first term entered the first month-
which is highly desirable.
Ranking the schools according to
their standing in the matter of attend
ance, they come as follows:
1. Julius Freyhan...........94 1-3%
3. Ninth Ward..............94%
4. Beech Grove.............94%
5. Cat Island ...............92%
7. Star Hill ................ 91%
8. Poplar Spring............81%
9. New Hope...............74%
10. Grange Hall............. 71%
11. W ilhelm .................69%
It thus appears that Julius Freyhan 1
gets the first prize (if one had been]
offered, which was not the case) and 1
that Wilhelm gets the booby prize.
The teacher at Wilhelm doubtless will
contend that it is not quite fair to com
pare a small one-room country( school I
with a big, first-class, state approved
high school like Julius Freyhan. And
there are some extenuating circum- I
stances. The children at Wilhelm are 1
not supplied with horses and some
have to walk a long way. Moreover,
nine large window panes are out at
Wilhelm and the cold weather proba
bly deterred many. The window panes
have arrived and will be put in imme
diately and it is hoped that Wilhelm
will make a better attendance record
for the next three months.
The average attendance for all the
schools for the entire three months is
86% of the enrollment. If any school
falls below 86%, the teacheriand pupils
may know that their school is helping
to pull down the general average for
the parish. If your school shows a
rating above 86% you may know that
your school is helping to pull up the
general average for the parish. We
want you to pull up and not drag
In order to help the teachers bring
up the attendance average which in
some instances is entirely too low I am
authorizing the principals of the vari
ous schools to give to each student
who is neither absent nor tardy for one
month a Perfect Attendance Certifi
cate. Four of these monthly Perfect
Attendance Certificates will entitle the
holder to a larger and more attractive
certificate. Eight monthly certificates
will entitle the holder to a large
Diploma of Award. For the students
who attend the full nine months with
out missing a day when school keeps
and without being tardy, a beautiful
diploma will be given.
The following improvements have
been made: Cat Island, none; Grange
Hall, floor and cistern repaired, brooms
and water buckets added; New Hope,
none; Star Hill, new stove, blackboard,
erasers, maps, window flowers,,window
panes put in, and school garden; Wake
field, new desks and basketball; Julius
Freyhan, new desks, $20 worth of new
tools, basketball, window panes, kitch
en-sink, etc.; Poplar Spring, none;
Freeland, new fence, steps repaired;
Wilhelm, two desks repaired, five new
desks added, hole in floor repaired,
blackboard added, also maps and globe;
Ninth Ward, none, but new cistern will
be put in soon; Beech Grove, erasers.
All the schools of the parish are now
running smoothly with a minimum
of friction and show!ng satisfactory
R. E. CRUMP,
NOVEL SIGHTS ON JACKSON DAY.
The very battle drum, whose ra&
tling staccatto notes called Andrew
Jackson's sleeping handful of Tennes
seeans, Kentuckians and Creoles to
the low-lying mud earthworks just be
fore daybreak, Jan. 8, 1815, to repel
the attack of the invading British hosts
under Gen. Pakenham, is to be used in
the realistic reproduction of that great
American triumph of arms that is to I
be given exactly one hundred years ,
after on the very battleground by the ,
Louisiana Historical Society.
Descendants of the old pirate band I
who swore fealty to the cause of Jean
Lafitte, pirate leader and hero of
Byron's "Corsair," are to impersonate
their ancestors in the coming "Battle
of New Orleans" reproduction. Hun-1
dreds from the Baratarian section of
the lowlands of Louisiana are to stand 4
shoulder to shoulder with those who 1
will impersonate the brave Creoles,
the Kentucky and Tennessee riflemen,
free men of color, convicts and others.
PERMANENT PASTURE GRASSES
The best permanent grazing grass
that we can get is Bermuda. Bermuda
may be combined with white clover and
lespedeza so as to make as near a per
manent pasture as you will be able to
secure. There is no grass that you can
plant that will perpetuate itself on the
soil without attention under severe
grazing and at the same time be readily
destroyed when you want to cultivate
the land. I think you can handle Ber
muda grass with moderate satisfaction,
in spite of the bad reputation that it
has for the cotton fields ana other
fields where clean cultivation is de
Red Top does fairly well if planted
in the fall, and will thrive best in soils
that are decidedly wet, but it will give
you neither the grazing nor the hay
that Bermuda grass will.
Orchard grass is only moderately
satisfactory. If planted in the fall it
makes very good winter and spring
growth, but languishes in the summer,
and much of it dies out during August.
I think it is nothing like as desirable
as Bermuda grass.
There are some cultivated grasses
that do well during the period of
growth, but they mature the seed and
die out in the early summer; these
include Rescue grass, Italian rye grass
and others of this class. They could
be planted in the fall and would fur
nish grazing during the winter, and if
not pastured too closely will re-seed
the land in May. Then you will have
to have some other grass to provide
Carpet grass is one of the native
grasses that makes good pasture, but
it doesn't combine well with anything
else; it soon crowds out anything else
that is put with it. It is fairly easy to
get rid of under cultivation. Practi
cally all of the other cultivated grasses
become short period crops here.-W. R.
Dodson, Director of Experiment Std
tions, Louisiana State University.
F rmers in the same neighborhood
ought, just as far as possible, to grow
the same varieties of crops. This is
especially true of cotton. There are,
for example, many places where a good
grade of long staple cotton can be
grown, but it will not pay for two or
three farmers alone to attempt its
culture. Enough must grow it to get
a good market for it and to insure its
being properly graded. Moreover, if
all the farmers in a neighborhood grow
the same variety of cotton or corn,
they can soon make that neighborhood
noted as a place for getting seed of
that variety--just as in some parts of
the West now, one county is known as
the place to buy Jersey cows, another
county as the Holstein county, and so
on. In almost every phase of farm
work you will find places where men
will be rewarded for working together,
or correspondingly punished if they
are too indolent or selfish to co-oper
ate.-The Progressive Farmer.
Complete knowledge is the key to
VARIETY OF SUBJECTS ON
At the sixth annual short course of
the Louisiana State University College
of Agriculture, which begins January
19 and runs through January 29, the
lectures and demonstrations will, be of
practical nature and will embrace all
a~es of agricultural activity, and live
stock raising. The lectures will in
clude the following subjects: Feeding
Farm Animals, Forage Crops for Hogs,
The Marketing Problem, Hog Cholera,
iuessening the Production Cost, Mar
kets for Hay, Poultry on the Farm,
Egg Production and Marketing, Le
gumes, Oats and Lespedeza, Beef
Cattle, Control of Cattle Diseases,
Pecans, Vegetable Gardens for the
Farm, Increasing Corn Yields, Com
mercial Grades of Corn, Agricultural
Possibilities of Cut-over Pine Lands of
the South, The New Orleans Corn
Market, Fertilizers for Corn, Livestock
Problems of the South, Modern Market
ing, Adult Extension Work, The Agri
cultural College and the Farm, How
Demonstration Agents Can Assist the
Farmers, The Work of the Rice Exper
iment Station, Forestry, Louisiana Boil
Types and Development, Systems of
Crop Rotations, Farm Machinery, and
Horses and Mules.
Demonstrations will be made in Silo
Construction, Breed Types of Hogs,
Farm Butter-making, Practice in Judg
ing Hogs, Commercial Grading of Corn
and Oats, Breeds of Poultry, Tubercu
losis, Hay-making Machinery, Dairy
Cattle, Classes of Hay, Caionizing,
Corn Judging, Farm Machinery, and
Judging Beef Cattle.
The lectures and demonstrations will
be given by the faculty of the College
of Agriculture, the scientists of the
Experiment stations and Extension de
partments, representatived from the
United States Department of Agricul
ture and other state institutions, and
prominent farmers of Louisiana.
j A bulletin, containing full announce
ments, is being printed and will be
ready fbr distribution within a few
ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF PARISH
The annual conference of parish sup
erintendents of public education will
be held in Alumni Hall, Louisiana State
University, January 25 and 26, 1915.
Addresses will be delivered by Dr. J. L.
McBrian, Rural School Specialist in
the National Department of Education,
and by members of the faculty of the
University Winter Short Course, which
will be in session at that time.
The following are among the topics
that will be discussed at this confer
ence: A Campaign for Better Country
Conditions, Agriculture and Domestic
Science in the Public Schools, and
Industrial Work in the Schools.
Automobile trips will be taken to the
Harelson and Seventh Ward schools,
East Baton Rouge parish. Those
schools have good faculties, and splen
did equipment and work in domestic
(Uncle Ed in Crowley Signal.)
How about some fruit trees this year?
The season is at hand to plant oranges,
pears, figs, peaches, pecans, mulber
ries, grapes, and plums. If the farmer
will plant a few trees every year he
will soon have all the fruit he wants
without buying any at the stands. Our
great fault is that we always put off
till next year, which never comes.
Let us therefore commence the new
year right, not only with good resolu
tions but actual work.
As for myself, I was like many of us,
I waited too long. However two years
ago I started to plant trees on my
small place, which is situated in a
small.town in Acadia parish on six lots
120x100. On this small place I have a
good house and barn for ornament,
have two date palms, twelve rose
bushes, one honeysuckle and many
other smaller plants and bulbs. In the
way of fruit trees I have 106 satsuma
orange trees, 50 of which will bear
next year; 23 fig trees, 15 grape vines,
14 pecan trees, 12 peach trees, and 5
plum trees, besides which I intend to
plant some more in the near future.
If every farmer would do the same;
plant a few trees every year and take
care of them, they would yield good
returns. All the attention they need
is to keep all the stock out and keep
the grass down.
When you plant a tree, never put
any manure in the hole, as it makes
the roots sour and will kill the tree.
However, the second year after it has
been planted, you may sprinkle manure
around the tree and not too near the
trunk and notice the good results.
Fond Mother (proudly)-"An' do ye
no think 'e looks like 'is faither?"
Sympathetic Neighbor (cheerfully)
-"An' niver ye mind thot, Mrs. Mc
Carty, so long as 'e's 'ealthy."--Har
NOT ALL GLOOM
IN THE SOUTH
(The Country Gentleman.)
South Carolina has at least one opti
mist who cannot see anything bearing
the slightest resemblance to calamity
in the present war crisis in cotton.
His viewpoint is interesting and
"Cotton represents less than one
third of the South's agricultural pro
ducts.The South's agricultural products
are quite equaled by her manufacturing
products and are equaled again by the
products of her interest in lumbering,
fisheries, transportation, mining, and
so forth. Altoget er the South's nor
mal income exceeds nine billions of
dollars a year. The reduction in the
price of cotton involves a loss of about
three hundred and seventy-five million
dollars, or only about four per cent of
her total income.
"Several states--Maryland, Virginia,
North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky
and Missouri-are absolutely unhurt,
or practically unhurt, by the fall in the
price of cotton, for the reason that
they produce very little of the staple.
Louisiana and Florida are immensely
benefited by the war, which has in
creased the price of their cereals,
sugar, fruits and livestock. The injury
to cotton is e ore than offset by the
benefits from other sources.
"The Cotton Belt is injured, and here
the loss will run perhaps as high as
ten per cent of the normal income from
all sources. But what is loss to the
farmer is gain to the manufacturer to
a certain degree, because the South
buys from herself three million bales
of cotton a year, or one-fifth of the
crop. Very likely this year the South
will take from twenty-two to twenty
three per cent of her cotton'crop.
"One other thing: The war has in.
creased the prices of commodities ~al
ed in the Cotton Belt other than m
and to such a degree that the losses
on cotton are quite largely reduced by
the gaips on other commodities.
"For the last ten years the South has
been immensely paid for raising cotton
and there has been a large accumula
tion of money, putting the farmers in
excellent position, so that a large' per.
centage of them can hold their crops
through till next season if they desire
to do so. There have been too many
extravagant statements concerning the
danger to the South."
This is a rather crisp summing up,
logically presented. It may not bring
much cheer to the man who is sorely
pinched, but it should enable those who
have been misled by hysterical state
ments to get a view of actual conditions
in the South, taking all economic pro.
ducing factors into consideration.
Prof. Humphrey put a powerful les
son before the farmers who visited the
dairy show and looked over the Wis
consin exhibit. He showed the annual
value of the dairy products of Wiscon
sin exceeded by $16,000,000 the gold
output of Alaska, Nevada, California,
and Colorado. What was more to the
point was that the gold crop is mined
but once, whereas the dairy cow yields
a crop each year and there is the cow
left. Added to this is her fertilizing
value to the farm.-Hoard's Dairylman.
Who takes one Stroke in turn at every
Fells none, however sharp his Axe
Turn on the backbiter, and say it
to his face.
Best Line of Candy
We now have one of the best assorted stocks of
candy ever shown in this town. The variety
is great enough to suit the taste of the most
fastidious. Use candy as a peace-maker.
The Royal Pharmacy.
Made Last Night.
THE NAZARETH SHOP.
[The following striking poem was written by Bishop McIntyre, of the Methodist Episcopal Church,
who in early life was a brickmason, and never lost his sy npathy for the laboring man. At the time of
his death he was the resident Bishop of his Church in Oklahoma City.]
I wish I had been His apprentice, to see Him each morning at seven,
As He tossed His gray tunic far from Him, the Master of earth and of heaven;
When He lifted the lid of His work chest, and opened His carpenter's kit,
And looked at his chisels and augers, and took the bright tools out of it;
While He gazed at the rising sun, tinting the dew on the opening flowers,
And smiled as He thought of His Father, whose love floods this planet of ours;
When He fastened His apron about Him, and put on his workingman's cap,
And grasped the smooth haft of His hammer, to give the bent woodwork a tap,
Saying, "Lad, let us finish this ox yoke. The farmer must put in his crop."
Oh, I wish I had been His apprentice, and worked in the Nazareth shop!
Some wish they had been on Mount Tabor, to hearken unto His high speech,
When the quick and the dead were beside Him, He holding communion with each;
Some wish they had heard the soft accents that stilled the wee children's alarms,
When He won the sweet babes from their mothers, and folded them fast in His arms.
Some wish they had stood by Jordan, when Holy John greeted Him there,
And had seen the white dove of the Spirit fly down o'er the path of His prayer.
Some wish they had seen the Redeemer, when into the basin He poured
The water, and, girt with a towel, the servant of all was the Lord.
But for me, if I had the choosing, oh, this would them all overtop:
To work all day steady beside Him of old in the Nazareth shop.
These heavenly wonders would fright me; I cannot approach to them yet;
But, oh, to have seen HiW when toiling, His forehead all jeweled with sweat;
To hear Him say softly, "My helper, now bring me the level and rule;"
To have Him bend over and teach me the use of each artisan's tool.
To hear Him say, "This is a sheep gate to keep in the wandering flock;"
Or, "This is a stout oaken house sill. I hope it will rest on a rock."
And sometimes His mother might bring us our meal in the midsummer heat,
Outspread it so simply before us, and bid us sit down and eat. 0
Then, with both of us silent before Him, the blessed Messiah would stop
To say grace, and a tremulous glory would fill all the Nazareth shop.
J. B. McGEHEE
The daffodils are now green on our senior's grave, but
the WOODLAWN IDEA is still alive and active. "Hands that
work, brains that think, hearts that love," are still making
the face of Nature smile with abundant crops, while her
hillsides are animated with kindly herds. Our labor is
ample, satisfied, and efficient and our debts all paid. 'We
have an abiding faith in our Creator and in our fellowman
and in ourselves.
SUCCESS LIES IN MUTUAL SERVICE
And we earnestly desire to see every acre in West Feliciana
made beautifully productive and every citizen happy and
prosperous. It has been proven that all this is possible
if we would only try. -
Shall we try?
All serious enquirers welcome.