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SHOCKING CONDITIONS IN THE ARMY'
Preponderance of Diseases From Immoral Habits of American Soldiers in Philippines. al R. IM. O'IQtilly of !he army has sub- s mitted an texhia' Uive ri:p;rt n te h health conlditi,,nP of the army to See- It retary Taft. "'he rport says that the it enlisted t r'!!:nih :t the army as s shown upon the monthltlly sick report was 58,740 and ,,n returns of the mnil- fi itary secretary; 60.139, and calculations a are made upon the latter figures. There were 2,.2t'16 "admission to the 2 sick report" riuring the year, 4m;. deaths from all causes, and 1,:377 dis- s charges from ,li;ability. The figures, s he says, sho,.v aI and progressive t improvei'mentl in the health of the armY. The report 's.i s ,hat by far the niist I important ,lisea:.r;. aff'ct lig the ef. I ficiencY of h' arnmy dluring the year have been thloi r1' sltIing from ilmmmor al habits, which cat'sed 16 per cent I of all admisiion. This class of disease I advanced from third toi first pl)cc in I the nimber of adi:ssions to the sick report. There are cons,,tantly on the sick re- 1 port for this class of diseases 715 men, equal to the loss for the entire year of the ervices of eleven full com panies of infantry. *The control of these diseases." says Gen. O'Reilly, "lies largely in the hands of the civil authorities, and one of the most important steps to that end would, it appears, be the classing of them with other infectious diseases and the requirement that they shall be reported as such and controlled by the health departments. "In the military service a similar course should be followed. "As to the cause of death, pneumo nia advanced to first place and tuber culosis second. "There were 206 adlmissions for gun. shot wounds with 44 deaths, and 2,850 admissions for wounds other than gun shot with 15 deaths. Twenty-one men were killed in action and 42 wound ed; of killed two were by gunshot, of wounded eight were by gunshot. "There were 15 soldiers drowned, 11 per cent of total deaths from all causes, indicating how important it i3 all soldiers shlould have systematic in struction in swimming. "Twenty-Sev ,,n sc)ldies ('comiledi Suicide. Ten deathlls were due to homicide. Notwithstanli ng that a large part of the armip was serving in the tropics, there were no admis sious for snakte bites. "The strength of offic,,rs was ,,432 from the indidcal diepartllment reports, and ::.l; from the military secre tary's. There were 2,2,' admissions, 27 deaths. "('uomnparison.s wi' h foreign armies show that the highest rate of admis sions is in tlhe American army and the lowest in the Russian. the highest death rate was in the American army and the lowest in the Prussian. The highest noneffective rate was inl Ithe American army and the lowest in tOle Prussiain. "The very high proportion for alco holism in the American army as com- , pared with the British is partly due to the fact that in the latter service only t admnissions to hospitals are counted. It is notable that while he British ( have less than one-half the American admission rate for dysentery, their death rates are practically the same, and that while the rate for admission for malaria is about the same their death rate is nearly three times as great. "The American admlnission rate for malaria is nearly eighty times that of the French, while the death rate is only five times as great. "These facts point to a difference in the method of computing admissions. The figures for meafes and mumps compare very favorably with other armies, except the French. "The comparatively high American death rate for tuberculosis is explain ed by the fact that in the United States army tuberculosis patients are sent to a sanitarium and retained in service for long periods, while in oth er armies the; are promptly dis charged. "The strength of the army in the Philippines was 11.996, and there were 20,246 admissions to the sick report 1 and 105 deaths. 3 "The strength of the Filipino troops was 4,6410 and there were 5,242 admld sions and 103 deaths." JORDAN SAYS "HOLD." President of Southern Cotton Associa. tion Issues Statement. Atlanta, Ga., Oct. 7.-President Harvie Jordan of the Southern Cotton Association yesterday issued an open letter to the farmers of the South, in which he urges them to hold their cot ton for at least two weeks. He states that if the farmers of the South stand together for two weeks and hold their cotton they will win the fight against those who are en deavoring to depress the price of the staple. In his letter President Jordan refers to the advice of former Vice President Peters of Texas to sell cotton. He reminds the farmer: of the South of the fact that the resignation of Mr. .Peters as vice president of the South era Cotton Association was demanded by the executive committee Septem ber 6, contending that Mr. Peters is no longer vice president of the asso elation, and has no right to sign him self as such. President Jordan refers to Peters as "a traitor to the South and an en emy to legitimate business interests." President Jordan closes his letter to the farmers with a strong appeal to "stand together and resist to the very Slist the attempt to break the present ortaaized effort of the producers to Swecure fair prices for their staple." Cherokee Lands Claimants. Washington: The papers in five dlfferent cases involving the rights to the Cherokee Indian lands of outside persons who have married into the Cherokee tribe. were filed yesterday is the Supreme Court of the United States. The Cherokee lands embrace S4500,000 acres, and there are many laimalits 'taose rights will be deter miaed by the conclusion reached in these cases. Reward for Arrest of Bandits. Olympla, Wash.: Governor A. E. Mahas offered a reward of $1000 for the arrest of the bandits who rob b64 the Great Northern near Ballard Monday. 4------ Sixty Divorce Suits. Waco, Texas: At one fell swoop i ;terday Judge Sam Scott of the Fif 0oý rth District Court dismissed six. rt 4tvorce cases and there is mourn in the camp of unhappy married e today. Most of the cases dis however, had been on the two years, and after finding attorneys would not give them _ o and after warning them that would be dismissed, Judge 8lemissed them as indicated. the biggest batch of cases of ever dismissed here. FEDERAL CONTROL. , Would Like to See National Control s of State Quarantine. c New Orleans, La., Oct. 7.--Governor N. C. Blanchard of Louisiana went on record yesterday favoring Federal C control of maritime quarantine at the mouth of the Mississippi river; also of all regulations between the states. Replying to a letter of Gen. T. W. Castleman, Governor Blanchard de clares himself thus: "I think your suggestion a good one, viz., to request the Surgeon General of the United States, when the present yellow fever work is over, to leave Dr. White in the state as advisor to the state and local health boards and to the governor on matters pertaining to the public health. "I agree with you that the Federal Government should take charge of the maritime quarantine, and I am in clined to think that it should take charge also of interstate quarantines." Aged Negro Found Dead. Navasota, Texas: The body of Hen. ry Randall, an old colored fisherman, was found at Templeman's sandbar on the Brazos yesterday. The body was in an awful state of decomposition, and life had evidently been extinct for ten days. Exposed portions had been eaten by buzzards. The old ne gro lived alone and fished for a liveli hood, hence his absence was not not. iced. e $100 Fine for Local Option Violator. ° Belton, Texas: The second local e option case tried this week was closed e Wednesday afternoon, and in a short Y time the jury brought in a verdict of I guilty, assessing the penalty at $100 e and sixty days in jail. This is the ' limit punishment. The defendant, Ben Adams, was released on an appeal n bond. Five Years for Forgery. Nacogdoches, Texas: W. D. Heach was tried in the District Court here 0 yesterday on a charge of forgery. The )- Jury returned a verdict of guilty and d assessed the punishment at five years in the penitentiary. Cotton Crop Estimates. p New York: The cotton market was f- active and weak yesterday under a I. renewal of liquidation and bearish op 1- erations inspired by increased crop d estimates and apprehensions of a freer ;- selling movement among holders. Op e ening weak at a decline of 9 to 12 g point. The market was generally a weak and unsettled, with prices show. it ing a net lose of 29 to 33 points. Oc e tober sold at 9.60 and January at 9.95, or about 1 12 to 1 3-4 cents below the if high level touched by the October con. ditlon renort. BATTLESHIP MISSISSIPPI UNIQUE AMONG BIG WARIHIPL S... R_.. 1,- --- -,_, . II a.. , ~ii ii' * 2 The lnitel States banlttshlp M?1s sissippi, launclhed at Philadelphia, is unique aniong lhe, big fighting ships of the world's navies. Its disphce ment of 13.t4)O tons is s:maller than that of any United States battleship now being built, with the exception of the Idaho, a sister ship. The Mis is~ippiwi xvil,1 qual to luany battle ships of 1l,uth tons dispclament and n vo\ tsel of the ianle disijlacqu etnt in any navy of the natioPs carric-s equally heIvoy bateries. The main batllr ies will consist of four 12-Inch brhi ch louling rifles, in fouir turrets; eight 7-inch brtech-loaders, behind catiiment armor. andi two 21-inch su. oiindaiv hatttlie~s T'1'F:ve -.iiic. Six -1ju1lllldt rs' S 141'(i 1-1)()111:d~T r 11t(1111ilfi(' , inch field pieces, I wo Imaclhine uns an unusually heavy armuamunt. and six aultomflatiics. Tii is kiLL s u1p IN ASIATIC RUSSIA K! Sc PEOPLE OF SIBERIA ALERT AND ENERGETIC. C1 Western Spirit More Prevalent There 'a Than in Any Part of the Empire- Si Peasants Frequently the Possessors n of Large Fortunes. "It is a startling paradox that Asi- It atic Russia is more western in its pl spirit than European Russian," writes tIh a traveler. "The great impetus of at western energy and enterprise seems tt to be circling the globe, having cross- al ed the Atlantic, the American conti- st nent and the Pacific ocean. The tray- ai eler from Europe begins to feel the it influence at Samara, a great business c center on the Volga, the Missi.-sippi a of Russia. Here there are signs of commercial prosperly-a bustle and ih stir of business unusual in Russia. The ri people are more alert and move with ti greater energy. They are free from c the deadly torpor of Russian life. n 'East! East! Farther east!' is the a cry all along the great Siberian line. s It corresponds to 'going west' in g America. The farther east one goes o the impression strengthens until, at p Kurgan, the first important Siberian s town, one might almost imagine one's c I self to be in one of the precocious cities of the western states. F "Butter is booming in Kurgan. Everybody who can get hold of a 1 cow is either making butter himself or selling the milk to a dairy. And every drop of milk goes into the t churn or into the separator. The children suffer. In the old days, when I wheat was the staple product, each child had as much milk as it could r drink. But now the flhid is too pre t cious for domestic use, and the popu lation live upon bread and tea. From hundreds of versts around butter r comes pouring into Kurgan, and yet B the exporters cannot get enough. The I peasant arriving in town makes his a first call at the office of the union. c There he can see a list of the latest prices paid by each exporter. He naturally selects the highest, and then drives around to offer his butter. He e will visit every firm in town before ' he will lower his price by a kopeck e the pood. He demands cash payment " and receives it. On the other hand. if he is purchasing machinery from any of these firms he demands a year 1- or eighteen months' credit, and he 1, receives that, too. a "Many of these peasants are men of comparative wealth. Several were pointed out to me as millionaires in , rubles. The younger generation are 't displaying greater proclivities for ,d spending than do their elders. They e- delight to drive smart and showy II- horses, and sometimes they will even t. pay a visit to Moscow and see life. The independence, intelligence and initiative of these Siberian peasants are doubtless due to the fact that al they have never been private serfs. They were fixed upon the land, it is true, but the land was crown domain, rt and they could not be bought or of sold. They never experienced the 0O degrading and demoralizing domestic le slavery to which the private serfs "n 'were subjected." Will Drive East With Ox Team. Ezra Meeker, who left Iowa in 1852 and went to Oregon with a party who drove ox teams, will start from the ch Pacific coast early next spring with re a similar conveyance, and if possible he will drive to Kainsville, Iowa. He will Id follow the old emigrant trail and has rs arranged to lecture at a number of places along the route. Japanese inflated Over Success. S Travelers returning from Japan are generally of opinion that the mikado's a subjects have become quite inflated Sover the result'of their war with Rus Psla. As one American puts it. "They are scratching their heads where the 12 hat brim ought to be. A white man ly is a poor critter in their eyes. They w* Iseem to think that they can lick a )c- German, an American or a Frenchman 16, with the same ease which the white e brethren of the Russians in otaher '. countries so gleefully dilated upon in the beginning of the war." KNOW MOON IS NOT PEOPLEDu.G Scientists Almost Able to Make Abso lute Assertion. PE The moaon bleing much the nearest to us of all the heavenly bodies, we can pronounce more definitely in its case than in any other, says Prof. Er Simon Newcomb in Harper's Maga zine. We Ibnow that neither air nor water exists on the moon in quanti ties sufficient to be perceived by the most delicate tests at our conrntand. It is certain that the moon's atmos phere. if any exists. is less than the sc thousandth part of the density of that te around us. The vacuum is greater a than any ordinary air-pump is cap- e( able of producing. We can hardly 9. suppose that so small a quantity of air could be of any benefit whatever fe in sustaining life; an animal that of could get along on so little could get uI along on none at all. be But the proof of the absence of life c, is yet stronger when we consider the si results of actual telescopic observa- n tion. An object such as an ordinary a city block could be detected on the b moon. if anything like vegetation s, were present on its surface we should ft see the changes which it would under- Ii go in the course of a month, during one portion of which it would be ex- n posed to the rays of the unclouded g sun and during another to the intense r I cold of space. --------------- s PRISON RATHER THAN ANSWER, , --- i L Threats Unable to Induce Woman to c Reply to Questions. f 1Mrs. Sarah Peckham, a witness in the bankruptcy case of Sarah Defaye & Co., milliners of Chicago, refused at 1 the proceedings in New York to an swer questions put her by the referee, although three times adjudged guilty of contempt of court, and said she would go to jail rather than answer. a She declared certain questions con r cerned matters not pertinent to the t case, and "I won't answer," "I re o e T referee could get out of her. He fin Is now in process of development and a, proceeding in ever-increasing ratio of :r certainty and speed, through the ex ie tension of transportation lines and fallow, is making more and more ab conmmonly fruitless contests, which 52 interrupt industry, reverse prosperity, e and crime and burden the masses t with the obligations of sacrifice. Bet es. The commercial union of the whihorld is now inby proess of development race and or fcertaith for those whom bigotry and tra le tension of trave consigned portation liones andts. ic the openingke most of regions that from the bdiplrth of the race tilllowar service of thlain feallow, is making more andwho ome to thisab horrent the ideass of destruc native and too Th52 interrupt indusutryal, for generallyse prosperity o destroy enterprianese, increas e distter clase he and crickly adopt Americaden drthe masses th withey comthe to live in this country. Bet leter ut even morthe growing toemarkable is trance fawhich ill is felt by peoplf the Chiof one rae minister of also citiontinu have onsign bed as opponents.-he ,Ministe Clings to Oriental yDrear. oriental ftyle. G(AVE LIFE FOR FAME PECULIAR CASE IN SUICIDE OF sh YOUNG WOMAN. English Girl, Writer of What She Be- th lieved Inspired Work, Died That Lt She Minht Give to the World Her T. Important Message, !i i cl JMiss Edithi Allonby. the. I.ancaster I pc school teacher, who recently commit- to ted suicide at Cartinel, England. left rI a written statement which is publish- O ed in the I.ondon Standard of Sept. 9. In it she says: ( "'I have written a book II wrote it In four years sincel which contains one t( of either two things--truth or page tr upon page of blasphemy. I know it to be truth, but so simple that the world can hardly recognize it, and while I R stand in the light I am afraid it can e not be seen at all. When I am gone, and when it once has a fair chance of being read and discussed as it de serves to be, it will appear different fi from what it ever could do with me S living. "No book ever was written by hu man hand more reverently or with I greater purity of thought. I tried to publish it but failed. Since then I have gone on writing patiently and F spending money willingly with the end in view of making an opening for it, but I am afraid, so far as it is cen- c cerned, I am as near to it as I was c four years since. Had 'The Fulfill- e ment' been less near to God and less r sacred to me, I had fought for it well i t with earthly weapons, but it was given to me out of the great silence, and I must give it to the world the Y same. That is the simple, honest e truth of the whole matter. I have died to give God's gift to the world - with as little stumbling block as pos e sible." ' It appears that Miss Allonby had published two works with a London firm anonymously. She had private means and took up teaching and lit erature from choice and not of neces sity. Her family are in possession of the manuscript of "The Fulfillment." and It is stated that the Rev. H. W. Meeres is acting as their literary adviser. Hague Peace Palace. Said a prominent architect: "From what I have picked up at the clubs and about town, there will be at least ten American bids for the Peace Pal ace plans at The Hague for the Per manent Court of Arbitration. The prizes are not large in money, but some glory will attach to the design er. The first prize is 12.000 guilders, equal to only about $4,800. All ex le planations are to be given in French. n- I can't for the life of me understand .r- why they should not have demanded the new universal language, Esper anto. It is said you can learn to speak it in a week and write it in a Id month." id - - - --.... .._ _ of Expensive Economy of Time. x- Dispatches tell of the tragic death id of a New Yorker under conditions he that point a moral. This man ia prominent, wealthy, presumably mas .b- ter of his own time. and with no vital Do reason for undue haste-died on an ch elevated train in the metropolis from ;y, heart disease following the undue ex se ertion of taking the station steps two es at a time to catch an approaching pt- train. He saved the two minutes' ch time intervening between trains, but ad lost his life. Rather expensive econ a- my. This instance simply illustrates - one of the foolish and somewhat futile phases of the day. Persistent Woman Gambler. he When in 1744 Lady Mordington, he who had a gaming-house in Covent is Garden, was formally charged with ig, keeping a disorderly house she set n, the authorities at defiance, boldly id. claiming her privileges as a peeress hi- of Great Britain and continuing to ad isi vertise her "assemblies"; and it was en not until the House of Lords inter ry, vened and declared that no person LCt was entitled to privilege of peerage :er against any prosecution for keeping he a public gaming-house that her lady ship had to close her doors. LOUISIANA NEWS. BatL:% Ifn' ,t'. --T:r""st"iurý J. 3. Sm:ith i i' l r1'nqn lI o0 a ,! mn.llll i'ali:'itiOnl arklnoua,'. 1 ,ing d,'liýry of $50.1))0 of 'ho hnnld. ,o h t ,he Ill i~tr and Bayou Do.' ta,!/- I. 'v,'e di-trit. Th" ' bonds wr'r co! I to i, Pitt. T'rcmbl" & Co., of (hicag. 'h orici'a! iue h,'ing 257, ft+., of wh(' 11 Ihiis amont rtepr'tt ts Ste hi l in t;tl:nla', a1td I(tiv't a bal anclte ' 57.'' st :I in thi. 1r,'asiry yet to e' d awn ttin ,n pa d fir by bh; tull!'last'rS. l'he p~ e r ieali.'d on this in ani.' n': was $17.4i1.lt1 or at the are of 91 c9 t.-; w:lh ait, h, juin''rest. AM et '' ar) (': 'elm ,n ,.f ht'..\n ,'rican A.\stsoo'tiatl i ll on f ar l' in s' Instituite _Work,,:s, has writelin to tilt Depart n ,'nt of Agric.ulture, a;d Ilnmigration. inft u:n; thenm of a .han:l, of nmct' ing pace tI: \Va.hington. 1). C'., on Nev embelr 9. 1 and 11. Tis niteting was o0 have been hlil in this city, but health conlitionts retndtr'd lthe change advisable. lht pr,'.,'ntat ive, from Lou Sisiana will :ttetlnd thI eoll '1v ltiont in Washlington andti make an elffort to get t the next meet in, her. The ailli',('l Comnlllis.ion has is.-..ed a sliinn i nn :hte Kansas ('City South orn Railway ('tnoimany. C. Rt. Perkins, agent, at Texat Lana. Ark.. also on the Texa antd l'acifie Railroad Company, WV. F. liraggius. agent, at New Or lains. to appear t'fore the!w body and show cause why they shomid not be regttlating rats ont staves fronm Lee ville and Nlw iOrleans points. A sitmnilons hai also been issued on the LouiOsiana \\st':iern and Morgan's it Louistana and Texas Railroad, Charley r T. Fay. general freight agent, New Or. !cans, to show cause why rates on clean rice from Louisiana milling r points .shoult not be equalized so as t- to avoid diserinmination in existing t rates bttween Lake Charles and New Orleans. One new case of yellow fever was re t ported yesterday evening, making nine e to date. Only two are now under e treatm ient. to - d The Yazoo and Mississippi Valley I Railroad settled with Sheriff Dough n erty today, paying in $7.352.54, cov e' ering taxes for East Baton Rouge par of ish. le- 'rihe following settlements have been ft filed with the State Auditor: M. E. ne Swofford, Grant parish. $29.45; J. W. Freeman. Natchitoches, $73.53; J. W. n- Taylor, Union parish. $30.64; H. G. th Parker, West Baton Rouge parish, to $249.35; W. R. Pullen, Blenville, I $70.5S; A. W. Connelly. Terrebonne nd parish. $1,096.75. he All Blongings Transferred. or Covington.-The large sawmill plant '' of W. T. Jay, located six miles south as of Covington, on the Bogue Falaya, to ll- gether with all the lands and the rail ss road and equipment belonging to the eli firm, today passed into the hands of as Houlton Bros., of Chicago. The price , paid was $450,000. It is stated that the h new owners will extend the road north to some point on the Illinois Central st Railway. They will also colonize their v lands as rapidly as they are cut off, rid with immigrants from the North. 05- The grand jury today brought in its first report. with twenty-five true bills, ad for various crimes, ranging from petit on larceny to murder. lit- Clinton.-The Board of Parish Pub lic School Directors met in regular of quarterly session, with all the memers present. Report of the parish treas urer showed a small balance of $336 on hand. All the white public schools ry of the parish will open on Monday, 16th insctant. Prof. Charles Gott, who has been president of [he Clinton High School, having resigned as president to accept a position at Crowley, La., H. its W. Coleman, pastor of the Clinton Methodist Episcopal Church, has been secured to take the place temporarily, al- with a prospect of his holding the er- place for the whole session of the he school. lgn- New Lodge Organized. ers, Jeanerette.-On Wednesday evening ex- a Knight of Pythias lodge was organ Ich zed here with twenty-five charter members. Deputy Grand Chancellor A. C. Gayle, assisted by Past Chancel ded lor J. W. Compton and other members per- of the New Iberia Lodge No. 39, in to stalled the officers that were elected a 8 to serve one term. Increased Rate Asked for Schools. New lberia.-At the last meeting, atl which convened with a full atendance, it was decided, as reported a day or two ago, to open all the public schools n- of the parish for which teachers could - be secured. Owing to quarantine re ital strictions some few schools will an main closed a short while longer. rOM --* cx- Teachers' Penron League. two Tie New Orltans Teachers' Pension Ing League held its re-uttlar monthly meet it' ing Thursdday. Oct. 1. The treasurer hut reported a balane of $t5,:}X2.19 to the credit of the Iv,ue. Two applications !n-for nwmlbership were received. The ales leoaid deided to postpone the enteo. ita! tainment whicii was to have been he.d during 'Thanksgi'ng weiek. Barn and Hay Destroyed. ton, Alexandria.-A large barn owned by vent R. W. Bringhurst, situated in the rear vith of his property in Lower Front street, set and containing 4,000 bales of hay, was Idly destroyed at 1 o'clock this morning ress The burned building was insured for d-$500 and the hay for $3,000. Another a barn containing 1,000 bales of hay, sit. itr uated ten feet from the burned build. ing, was saved without damage. son Archie Marivick, a white man twenty- , age two years old, who was shot by Mat ping Garvon, on Thursday night, was ady. brouglht here for medical treatment. He w~s shot through the abdomen.