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=,L STREET MAN IS BUILDING
UP HIS THIRD GREAT FORTUNE m reported silent support of more in stupendous operations in the bu reeoe given to Joseph Ram- stock market. in his fight against George In 1884 Russell Sage and Jay Gould control of the pa railroad, sup- le on account of ab r bate for Jay m brings again rt o public gaze markable Wall a' speculator, who ; , tunes and is , lling up a third 'r :. 9 fortune. f " 5ijtyseven. t London, Eng- * ' " childhood in .t t0 California in t irth parents. ,. th d studying law, , it, and was vely cow punch , paper reporter r.i teacher, milk , and miner Doted to San Fran 11 with $1,00,,Ot he Seamled in mining I rgifliaf City, Nev. Iobued with the sec-[ dive fever then ran Lbecame a curb ge broker in mining ol$0aý a . , h... mnvrA nver~' nut the finishing touch upon him, and Sa 1few months he had made over p Won and married Miss Sarah Dain gld Of Virginia. against the oppo- - din of her brother, who was a fed jV udge at Frisco. Reak in the market swept away gone's whole fortune in 1870. Retumed struggle, and got a friend g Senator Felton, who sold him his t in the stock exchange on trust. #spered and began his great bear ,paigU against Bonanza mine a, which netted him $3,000,000 lajenemles galore. Went to New York in 1 S76 flushed A suiccess, to "take Jay Gould's dade $9.000,000 in the first year. gost $8,000,000 in his attempt to ,-rner wheat in 1878, and $2,000,000 put the finishing touch upon him, and r he failed for $3,000,000. Made a few hundred thousand by a lucky turn of the market in 1885 and got back into the game. Again a conspicuous factor in the street in 1893 as a manipulator of Sugar and National Cordage, Made $1,500,000. In 1897-98 was leader of bull forces in Sugar and made great profits, and in National Cordage made 4,,000,000 with a bear campaign. Latest large loss was in the South ern Pacific pool in 1903, about X5,000, 1 000. Before he lost his second great for tune Keene became a factor in the American turf. Divided his third great fortune with 0 his wife as fast as he made it. iSTAKE ABOUT "WEAKER SEX." PAINE Ipstigations of Scientists Seem to Fragm Prove Man Inferior. ome interesting biological and A p lcological facts have lately been Paine, blqed4 about women which are cal- was si ted to exalt the ostensibly weaker chelle tIn its own eyes and also in those Cobbe men. We have previously pointed the fli 4 the conclusion reached by certain people tiots that the average life of fer of should, and under normal cir- to the nmotaces would, exceed slightly the The Ange life of man in respect of dura- patric Now comes an English biolo- harde T. H. Montgomery, who, after a Dr. I el-review of the data presented man the anatomy and evolution of vari- key invertebrate and vertebrate ani- prope maintains that the male is less the loed and more embryonic than an au ~femile. So far as the inverte- ago. i~Itsad the lower vertebrates are mitte Seamse, the female is clearly supe- askir trhlaen, within this field of ob- the 1 one sex is found to be rudi- mitt in comparison with the other, Th S'pointed out that this is almost leav( the'male. In size the female cone ally the superior.-Harper's it fe dais, _ _Ics ';ilne Opening for Criminals. : is evidently a fine opening Ieqrlminals in the French penal Al F, 4 of New Caledonia, in the west beer P4 1L Residents of that island who Que business or following agricul- The pursuits have addressed a peti- hoop ttto.the colonial minister, M. Cle- shoi el, asking him to send them out of a - t:onvicts. The colonists of New lent V1alonia were formerly of a differ- hap 'j pininon as to thp value of con- I ula for they once asked the gov-I I , t not to transport all the penal que -;* ude prisoners to their island. the `. uently fewer convicts were dis- cha ~ there of late years, and now tral M hlonists find that they can not for :~ithout help of the condemned no` :.; als, whom they are, in fact, of to receive with open arms.- pec -, 'elegraph. ' fliting Up Northwestern Canada. :S Iers are pouring into the coun- Ne ttt the rate of several hundred tea 'oiaund a year, many of them being thi . ~ ican farmers who have pulled up atl ~ at home because of the better th4 Q:Ortunities across the border. It is da 1wable, therefore, that the region be- br i-?Wi Winnipeg and the Rocky moun- M ':l will within a generation or two tic ahabited by many millions of pros- ph Blns and energetic men and women, te y of Anglo-Saxon blood. What tri 'it/il this great granary play in er h tory of the British empire and of *the World? asks the London Times. te - 'answer to this question is of even s( e importance to the United States ai t4.to England.-New York Globe. Y - A Jest by Phillips Brooks. 4oUng bachelor called upon Bish ks and told him he was con tlng matrimony, but as his h pe informed him that his first ' Would die within a year, he much a to know if there was any way b oMiding such a calamity. f .bishop, thinking it a fitting oo00 for a jest, replied: "Young a You return home and again read t horoscope, this time carefully, t Syou will find it says notl- 1t Smarrying your second wIfe I _ 1" PAINE'S BRAIN NOW IN TOMB. Fragment, Found in London, Placed in New Rochelle Vault. his A portion of the brain of Thomas Calil Paine, removed at the time his body the was stolen from the tomb in New Ro- at T chelle and carried to England by Lord ed a Cobbett, in 1819, was exhibited for the first time Oct. 14, to thousands of WO1 people who attended the public trans fer of the key of the Paine monument Incr to the city of New Rochelle. The brain of the great deist and patriot, which resembles a piece of by t hardened putty, was carried about by. war Dr. E. B. Foote Jr., who was chair- in t man of the meeting and turned the iho key over to Mayor Clarke. It is the bet property of M. D. Conway, author of ted the "Life of Paine," who found it in futl an auction shop in London a few years mis ago. Mr. Conway wrote to the com- los! s mittee in charge of the celebration, wil asking permission to put the relic of the the brain back in the tomb. The com- an( I- mittee consented. tra The discovery of the brain of Paine has t leaves little doubt that the story told an' e concerning the theft of his body-that ant a it-fell finally into the hands of van- ma dals, who cut it up and sold it for rel- wi ics-is true. tia Ug nhappy Queen of Holland. as al Another American writer who has st been on. a visit to Holland tells of o Queen Wilhelmina's unhappy life. i.- The correspondent says: "From child ti- hood *she insisted that her marriage e- should be a love match, but her choice ut of a husband, Prince Henry of Meck 1w lenburg-Schwerin, has proved most un- A ,r- happy. Many tales are told of his pet In- ulance and even brutality, and now he th . I is never spoken of in Holland. The si qal queen lives in complete retirement in m d. the Loo palace. Her appearance has c( .is- changed woefully, her pleasing, at- ' )w tractive face having lost much of its i ot former charm. Those who see her e led now see only lines of sadness, the face w ct, of a woman whose dreams and ex pectations have been all unfulfilled." Ball Playing and Christianity. t' David L. Fultz, center fielder of the P un- New York American league' baseball red team, is a living refutation of the idea ing that a man can not be a professional up athlete and a consistent Christian at i tter the same time. He recently led a Sun- I t is day afternoon meeting in the Harlem t be. branch of the New York Y. M. C. A. n- Mr. Fultz holds that playing the na- 1 two tional game promotes moral as well as os- physical development, because it ien, teaches the player to be fair, to con rhat trol his temper and above all obedi in ence to discipline. He is a graduate and of Brown university, has been admlt nes. ted to the bar and at the close of this ven season decided to retire from athletics ates and begin the practice of law -in New York city. Author Going Back to Farm. 31sh- John Kendrick Bangs, the author, con- who for some years has been dividing his his time between Yonkers and New first York, is soon to become a countryman nush again. "I have blue-penciled city life," way he said recently. "My eye is on a farm in New England, where I hope g oo- before long to be able to provide an oung appreciative public with limited edi read tions of squab-chickens, large paper fully, turkeys and deckle-edged eggs. And, uoti- he added, slyly, "'no item in either wife clas will go out withouit my. signa I tunre." BEST FIELD FOR ADVERTItSERS. Enormous Number of Readers Reach- ILLI ed by Advertisers. AD The per capita consumption of pa per in the United States is the highest in the world and of this amount the bulk is for daily newspapers. More than 650,000 tons of newspapers were printed in 1904, the total value of the paper being about $23,000,0V0. In 1890 less than 197,000 tons, at a cost of about $13,000,000, supplied the de mand. In 1890 we were the greatest newspaper-reading people on earth, and to-day we read three or four times as much. The greater part of adver tising is done on paper, and the great er part of the paper consumed is by newspapers. The conclusion is obvi ous-the advertiser has found the newspaper the most profitable field for investment. It is reckoned that by judicious advertising throughout the nation a manufacturer or dealer may reach 99 per cent Qf the buyers at a comparatively small cost.--Butte In ter-Mountain. CAREER OF FRANKLIN K. LANE. New interstate Commerce Commis sioner a Newspaper Man. Franklin K. Lane of California, who succeeds Joseph W. Fifer of Illinois on the interstate commerce commis sion, was democratic nominee for gov ernor of California three years ago. and a year later ran for mayor of can Francisco. He was born in Lanada forty-one years ago and removed to California with his parents at an early age. He secured work in a newspaper office as a printer's devil. Then he became a reporter, worked by 385 the of (de ces and ' ,000 hegr uth- Ameri X00, born his de the )MB. fourt aced catioroh his way through the University of while )mas California and was made a member of ty co body the bar. For a short time he lived He Ro- at Tacoma, Wash., where he establish- clerk Lord ed a newspaper. bank I for the ds of WORK OF THE ARMY SURGEON, Sh rans- his i meat Increased Power His as Result of War in the East. EDIE and The comparison of losses sustained Ce of by the Japanese in the hardest fought Make ut by. war of history, and that by our army hair- in the picayune difference with Spain, Ti s the shows in glaring colors the difference beteen a scientific and a merely his or of technical administration. If in any future war which we may have the as a years misfortune to engage our hospital cept co- losses are not sensibly diminished it ing tion will be because of a small jealousy of lag o the surgeon on the part of the field H cm- and line officers, and a persistence In on 1 traditions and' observances which as Paine have been proved harmful in theory ase 'y told and practice. That officer who sacri- it a fices the lives of his men for the aft f v maintenance of his own importance ThI ~or rel-will be a just subject for court-mar- bod tial in the future. As a fighter he is woi to remain in supreme command, but wo ho has as a planner of camps and as a super- lut' s visor of sanitation he is to resign in ma of favor of those who have studied these Slife. matters.-Brooklyn Eagle. i child- -u_ arriage Great Educator Young at 70. on Meck- President Eliot of Harvard lives a w lost un- life of the greatest possible simplicity. so hispet- After seventy years of life, more up now he than half passed as head of the univer- In i. The sity, he declares that one of the co nent in most desirable satisfactions of his life art nce has comes from having had nothing to do to g, at- with the attainment of wealth. Erect, an h of its light of foot and alert as a youth, he se ee her eats well, sleeps well, walks rapidly, he face with his shoulders thrown back, and vi and ex- is as eager to get new facts as when ar llled." he entered Harvard as a student fifty- wi six years ago. "I am satisfied with p, iity. the rewards of my life," he said sim- re rof the ply. th baseball al the idea Author Resents Questioning. 1 essional James Branch Cabell, the author, ti stian at has been so annoyed lately by inquiries pi da Sun- from strangers as to how he works re Harlem that he has adopted a form of reply t M. C. A. which he declares to be efficacious. "I c the na- find I do my best work," so runs Mr. swellas Cabell's statement, "lying at full n ause it length in a marble tank filled with I to con- gold fish, with the water at a temper- t il obedi- ature of 80 to lessen the heat of inspir- I1 graduate ation." As a matter of fact, Mr. Ca. I n ad uit- bell admits that he does not know his 1 e of this method of composition further than athletics that he rarely averages a thousand I S-in New words at a sitting and that he works only at night. rarm. Why the Colonel Was Retired. Sauthor, Emperor William I. of Germany was ddividing a strict disciplinarian. One day dur and New lng the maneuvers of the army a cav untryman alry regimeit charged at a strongly city life," intrenched and embattered village, of is on a which the garden walls were lined re I hope with marksmen. "Mon Dleu!" ex rovide an claimed the Russian representative. ,ited edi- "That regiment is lost." "No," was ge paper the emperor's calm reply, the regiment gs. And," isn't, but the colonel certainly is." in either And, sure enough, at the close of the mt. signa- maneuvers he was placed on the re tired list. E ILLINOIS MAN NOW HEAD OF AMERICAN BANKERS' ASSOCIATION en I e lag i 0 Ala John L. Hamilton, president of the American Bankers' association, was born in Macoupin county, Ill., May 8, 18S;2. At an early age he went to Iro quois county with his parents, where he grew to young manhood. His fath er, John L. Hamilton, at the time of his death in 1900, was a member of the state legislature, serving his fourth term. John L. Hamilton received his edu cation in the schools at Watseka, and while still quite young served as depu ty county treasurer under his father. He also served as deputy county clerk. His first experience in the banking businesss was in organizing the Citizens' bank at Watseka. Shortly afterward he disposed of his interests in this bank and accept .. . %% q *,- -' ed the position of cashier in the bank ing house of Burwell, Hamilton & Morgan at Hoopeston, Ill. Now the firm is Hamilton & Cunningham, pri. vate bankers. Mr. Hamilton is also a stockholder and vice president of the Commercial Trust and Savings bank, Danville, Ill. In 1901 Mr. Hamilton was chosen by the American Bankers' association to go to England to study financial conditions. His report was a thor ough one and he was highly compli mented by the association. Mr. Ham ilton has served four years as chair n-an of the executive council of the state bankers' association, and is a life member of that committee. He has served as an alderman and as mayor of Hoopeston-the latter office paving a salary of fifty cents a year. .,,--• .... • --- AA^AM EDISON AND THE SIMPLE LIFE. five heal' Makes the Mistake of Judging Every- here body by Himself. toba Thomas A. Edison, the inventor, sing whose father lived ninety-four years, ever his grandfather 102 years and his who great-grandfather 104 years and who, won as a matter of course, possesses an ex ceptional constitution has been talk- R ing interestingly about diet, sleep and son work. He tells us that he lived for months mu( on twelve ounces of food a day, and, on as for work and sleep, he has worked It five days and five nights consecutively era without closing his eyes, and then mu' after a good nap felt as fresh as ever. it d The conclusion he draws is that every- tail body eats and sleeps too much and me 1 works too little. "The talk about hex working too hard," he says, "is abso- are r- lute nonsense. Generally speaking, a len n man can't work too hard. It does him ter good." as Mr. Edison is the last man who ought to give ordinary people advice on these subjects. Straws show which a way the wind blows because they are to * so frail. It would be useless to hold co re up a blackthorn club for that purpose. pr r- In like manner all useful information vo ae concerning food, sleep and exercise 00 fe are derived not from men who are as ra 10 tough as Mr. Edison but from invalids is] 't, and people of extreme weakness and do he sensitiveness. nc ly, Mr. Edison's advice is like the ad- pE ad vice of a man who wears a No. 8 hat lii en and No. 10 shoes that everyone 'in the th ty- world should wear those numbers. e( Lth People are just as different in other el m- respects as they are in the matter of w the size of their heads and feet. In ai all the myriads of men that have el lived and died no two were alike in si or, their digestion, their sleep, their ca- b les pacity for work or anything else. A F rka recognition of this fact is the first step ply toward learning anything of any value "I concerning health and longevity. Mr. There are people who can not touch r full milk and others who can live on it. r rith It is the same way with cheese, pota- d per- toes and other edibles. On the other I pir- hand, there are people ho can swal- I Ca- low a handful of calomel or morphine I his with impunity. han There are people who, like Napo and leon, need only four hours of sleep and I )rks others who need eight. The capacity of some healthy people for work is David R. Francis to Tour World. was David R. Francis, ex-governor of dur- Missouri and ex-president of the cavy Louisiana purchase exposition, is ngly about to start on an extensive tour of e, of the world. It is to be a sort of return lined visit to the nations that had exhibits ex- at the St. Louis fair. Mr. Francis says Ltlve. jocularly that he goes as the envoy ex was traordinary and minister plenipotenti ment ary of the American order of nobility, s." of which he is the founder, and will fthe "confer decorations upon the sover e re i eigns of those nations which took part in the L. P. E." - - -- trro five times as great as that of other healthy people. There may be people here and there whose health requires propl tobacco and alcohol. There is not a fire single rule of health that will apply to diar everybody, but if there were, a man A whose forebears were all centenarians e would be the poorest man in the world er to furnish it. With these qualifications Mr. Edi- avel son's remarks are well worthy of con- It sideration, for there can not be too Prel much said, or said by too many people, lief on these subjects. spe, It is undoubtedly true that the gen. erality of people eat and sleep too P much and take too little exercise, but Pre it devolves on every one of us to ascer- Spa tain by study, observation and experi- tud ment what are for him the rules of health. If he will discover what they are and live by them he will not only str i lengthen his life but, what is far bet' bol i ter, live in peace and comfort as long cle as he lives at all.-Chicago Chronicle, Q lar e Safeguarding Railroad Travelers. Mh ore than passing interest attaches try to the announcement that a railroad off d company has placed orders for 1,500 na . pressed steel passenger coaches, in. n volving an expenditure of over $7,000,. o 000. It marks the first step by the 00i Ls railroads of the country toward abol. Pi Ls ishing wooden passenger cars. The bu Ad danger from coaches of the pattern m now in common use has long been ap d" parent. In the event of wreck loss of su at life has usually been attributable to ie the ease with which they were crush. U s. ed and the conflagrations which gen. at er erally followed. The new coaches of will be constructed entirely of steel A In and, while giving greater rigidity and A ye eliminating the danger of being tele- d4 in scoped, the peril from fire will also ei ,a- be reduced to a minimum.-Detroit A Free Press. S ue Political Ambitions for Schwab? Friends of Charles M. Schwab deny J ch reports from Nevada that the steel e it. millionaire intends to acquire resi- i, ta- dence in that state, hoping to become ier United States senator. It is believed, ral- nevertheless, that Mr. Schwab is giv- s ne ing the matter serious consideration. He has large mining interests in Ne' ; po- vada. Years ago, when he used to at. t fnd tend republican conventions in Penn. ;ity sylvania, he was always described as is "the fat boy from Homestead." Keeps Proof of a "Raid." of The first thing that catches the eye the of the visitor to the office of William is Travers Jerome, in the criminal r of courts building, is a plain carboard :urn sign, says an exchange. It says: bits "'Open game." The sign is a souvenir says of one of the district attorney's raids ex- on gambling houses. The little piece enti- of cardboard was posted for a number lity, of years over a poker table in a well will known gambling house and it inform ver- ed the patrons of the house that he took who had the price to buy a "stack" could sit in if there was a vacant seat. EVENTS FROM EVERYWHERE. The state department is keeping close tab on the development in Tur, key. Protest has been made to the porte against the retrial of the Armenian refugee. The insurance scoundrels in Ameri. ca are receiving much attention by London Newspapers. Turkey remonstrates at the contin ued interference of European poweis in her internal affairs. The departure of President Loubet for Madrid was the occasion for a great demonstration at Paris. Six men were drowned near Bever. ly. N. J., when a launch collided with a barge in the Delaware river. Twelve vessels are known to have been lost during a storm on the Great Lakes. All of the crew perished. As a result of the running down of a catboat at Yonkers, N. Y., it is be lieved that five persons perished. 'l'ogo went to Tokio and reported the return of his fleet from the war. HW was given a ceremonial reception. SThe steamer Lansing, recently from Port Arthur, is reported as being al sea with machinery out of order. Direct control of the Hot Springs of Arkansas by the government is re, commended by the superintendent. The British officers captured in Mo rocco have been exchanged for the brother of the bandit who held them. A dispatch from the City of Mexico says the government mints have be gun the coinage of five-dollar gold pieces. Twe children were killed and eight persons were hurt as a result of a grade crossing accident near Indian. apolis. Edward G. Cunliffe states that he k-& put in most of his time before arrest the In reading accounts of his large pecu. pri . lation. o a The Fall River textile workers have the rejected the profit-sharing scheme and nk, asked for restoration of full wages in stead. ion Tuberculosis Is said to be increas cial ing at an alarming rate in Ireland, at, tor- tributed to the belief that the disease tpli. is not contagious. ir- That there will be a large attend. the ance on the quarantine conference at s a Chattanooga is assured by the ac. He ceptances. as The railroad strike in Moscow be. ice comes serious. Seven roads are now tied up and the city is being cut off from supplies. lher A fire in Memphis, Tenn., destroyed ires property to the value of $60,000. The ot a fire is believed to have been of incen* ly to diary origin. man A pitched battle in which three men voand were wounded was fought on a street orld car which was rshed along Eighth Edi- avenue in New York. conf In a speech at Jacksonville, Fla., too President Roosevelt expressed the be ople, lief that the Panama canal will be of special benefit to the South. t Political significance is attached to , but President Loubet's visit to Madrid. ascer* Spain is expected to show her grati xperl* tude for French favors. hey Police Commissioner McAdoo in t only structed the New York force not to r bet bother respectable women, but to a long clean the streets of the harpies, nicle, In the naval base proposed by Eng. land at Singapore, India, that coun taes try, with a fleet, could practically cut lilroad off all traffic between Europe and Chl. 1,500 na. 7,000, Edward G. Cunliffe, who stole $101,. jy the 000 from the Adams Express Co., at I abol. Pittsburg, Pa., has been captured. He The burned a large bundle of the paper attern money in an endeavor to get rid of en ap such a large package. loss of ble to The employes of the Riazlan and crush* Uralsk railroad, an important trade h gen artery between Moscow and the Arali f she e za. in Russia, have gone out on strike tyadAll traffic was stopped. The workmen gt demanded an elght-hour day and lib. il also erty of speech. Detroit Francis B. Runder, cashier of the St. Louis postoffice, was arrested by Postoffice Inspectors J. L. Stice and bbden y John D. Sullivan following the discov ie steel ery of an alleged shortage of $9,000 re resi- in his accounts. e Tawney of Minnesota, is quoted as Isg g. saying: "Conditions are not yet ripe teration. for admission of either Arizona of a in Ne- New Mexico or both those territories ed to at together into the Union. I believe tm in Penn* wisest move for those two territori ribed s at this time would be to cease agita tion of the statehood question." A pale-faced youth created a com the e ye motion the other day by wearing a dia William mond necktie at a theatre perform arance in london. He attracted so carboard much attention that he was escorted It says: from the building. y's raids James Hopkins, a pioneer attorney Ltle piece of Spokane, Wash., was found guilty a number in the Federal court on seven counts in a well for returning false affidavits in appli cations for old soldiers' pensions. On Sthat he each count the penalty may be $100o a "stack" fine and from one to three years in cant seat, the penitentiary.