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Proposed Bering Strait Tunnel
AMCTIC OCEAN, OlNORT Dotted line marks proposed tunnel and route of projected railway from east cape of Bering straight to Kansk, 3,000 miles inland in Siberia on the Siberian Railway. The sympathy of Emperor Nicholas, Premier Witte and other members of the Russian ministry, as well as of powerful influences in court, has been enlisted by Baron Leicq de Lobel in the project of the American-Trans Alaskan-Siberian Company for the construction of a tunnel under Bering straight from East Cape to Kansk and 3,000 miles of railway to connect it with the Siberian railway. It is believed that by interesting Americans materially in Siberia the political ties between the two coun tries will be strengthened. JOHN D. POOR POLITICAL BOSS. Citizens of Tarrytown Elect President Against His Wishes. Once more John Wirth has defeat ed John D. Rockefeller by being elect ed borough president of Tarrytown. When he ran last year he was oppos ed by the oil king and his hundred and one employes cn the big Pocanti co estate, but W1rth pulled through. He carried out every one of his pledges to the voters and on the strength of this decided to make the race again this year. Last year Mr. Rockefeller personally directed the fight against the village butcher. This year he has refrained from active participation in the village election because of the pernicious activity of subpoena servers. Mr. Rockefeller, contrary to custom, remained at Lake wood. In some mysterious way, how ever, the oil king sent word that Wirth must be defeated and 200 em ployes of Pocantico Hills came down in sleds and lumber wagons. But the Tarrytown butcher was again trium phant. HE HAD FORGOTTEN THE NAME. Young Ohioan's Lack of Memory Somewhat Embarrassing. Among the crowds of visitors in Washington the other day was a young Ohioan named Bud Keifer. Two of the sights he wanted to see were Senators Foraker and Dick, but one of these gentlemen was absent and the other too busy. The doorkeeper Informed Bud that he would call out Senator Clark's secretary, George 31lland, an Ohio man. Bud was de lighted, he and Mr. Gilliland having been schoolmates. As they stood chatting over old times Bud was in troduced to one or two senators who passed by. Then Vice President Fair banks came along and Mr. Gilliland said: "Mr. Vice President, let me introduce Bud Keifer of Ohio." The vice president stuck out his hand. Bud grasped it briskly and said: "Glad to meet you, sir. What's the name, please?"--Chicago Chronicle. Last of War Governors. Frederick Holbrook of Vermont, who recently passed his ninety-third birth day, is the only one of the famous "war governors" now surviving. He stood with Govs. Curtin of Pennsyl vania and Andrew of Massachusetts as one of the stanchest supporters of the Lincoln administration when it most needed such support as they could give. Among the beneficent in stitutions for which the nation is in debted to Mr. Holbrook's initiative were the military hospital established at Brattleboro during the civil war, where from 1,500 to 2,000 soldiers were cared for at once, and the na tional bureau of agriculture. The ex governor was choirmaster in the Brat tleboro Congregational church for forty years. OtFinally Met His Fate. Out of the 250 women who sought his hand but one met the fancy of lonely John Halloran of Jersey City, Who owns $30,000 worth of real estate Sad has been advertising for a wife for the last year. Lonely John is 52 years of age. He has spent most of his life before the mast. He received -BtaUndreds of letters and dozens of DPplicants called. The women were Stoo old, too young, too gay or too ,quiet. At a ball given by a lodge of the Bhepherds of Bethlehem, however, ohan Hal!oran met the girl who suited him--Miss Adele Peters of West Ho :ma--and became engaged to her. Corrected By the Boss. -"A prominent School street liquor dealer had a coachman whose North Sof Ireland brogue greatly displeased 8m, as he came from another sec tSua of the Emerald Isle, and was -tr ready to correct the deficiencies 1 the speech of his servant. One morning the coachman, address bhis employer, said: "I want a SWhop (whip)." lMsdainfully gazing at the coachman boss retorted: "For hivin's sake, - don't say 'whop'; can't you say '-Boston Herald. DISCOVERY MADE BY SENATOR. Statesman Put Colleagues on to Im portant Bit of News. Senator Ankeney of Washington, who made himself famous by predict ing a bright future for a young man he observed at work at the Panama canal hearings, said young man being Senator Knox of Pennsylvania, has made another important discovery. "I attended the Panama canal hearings," he said, "for we're interested in the canal out in my country. I watch the work pretty closely and I see and hear a good many things. Now, I told Senator Millard, the chairman, a fine piece of information yesterday. I told him that from something I heard Senator Morgan say I was quite sure that Morgan is in favor of a Nicaragua canal. Just heard it drop accidentally, you know, but I think it is straight enough." The senate is agog over this discovery and well it may be, for Senator Morgan has only been talking and working for a Nica ragua canal for twenty-five years. NO DOUBT OF CLOSED DOORS. Visitor Satisfied as to Reality of Ex ecutive Session. E. J. Ridgeway, magazine editor, sat in one of the galleries in the sen ate listening to the railroad rate de bate. Mr. Ridgeway wanted to see Senator La Follette and he went down to his committee room, leaving his hat on the gallery seat. He got back about two minutes before the senate went into executive session and was shooed out with the others. He left his hat there again. The senate was in executive session for ani hour and a half. Mr. Ridgeway tried to get a sergeant at arms to get his hat. He was told nobody but a senator could go in and that his hat must stay there until the doors were open ed. It stayed there, too, and he waited. "I am fully convinced," Mr. Ridgewtay said, "that these executive sessions are really held behind closed doors." Woman Notary Makes Precedent. Miss Mamie Offutt, official notary and public stenographer to the gover nor of Alabama, is the only woman who ever had the honor of swearing in the chief justice of a state. Samuel D. Weakley of Birmingham was ap pointed chief justice of the Supreme court to succeed Thomas N. McClel lan, deceased. Mr. Weakley went to Montgomery to be sworn in, but the clerk of the Supreme court and other officers were absent. Casting about for some one with authority to ad minister the obligation, It was found that the governor's stenographer was the only notary present. After some persuasion she administered the oath, signing her name to the necessary papers. Upholds the Present Congress. "I am not one of those who think congress has deteriorated," said Jus tice Harlan. "I maintain that the present congress is as high grade as any congress. The Congressional Rec ord is a remarkable publication. If a man were cast on a desert island and had the Bible, Shakespeare and the Congressional Record, he would have all the reading matter he wanted." Kansas Man Raises Oranges. M. R. Ivey of Ottawa is the only man in Kansas who raises his own oranges. He has a tree that has been producing the fruit for several years past and that has raised a crop of eighteen or twenty oranges last year. The oranges are not as large as the commercial fruit, but are of good fia vor. The tree is of the Mediterranean variety.-Chicago Chronicle. Coquelin Declined Honor, M. Coquelln. the actor, refused the red ribbon of the Legion of Honor when it was offered him a few weeks ago. "You have waited too long," I was his at.wer to M. Dajardin Beau metz. M. Coquelin, cadet of the Comedie Francaise, was decorated sev eral years ago, not as an actor but as I a public functionary. The Retort Courteous. Adam drew himself up proudly and looked haughtily at Eve. . "Madam," said he, "I would have r you remember when you put on these t society-queen airs that I was the s whole show in the beginning, and at t best you are no better than a spare s rib." Then as Eve deftly fanned him with t the primeval equivalent for a broom r handle, Adam confirmed his social p pretensions by giving the first patri- g arch's bawl on record.-Baltimore i: American WHITE SQUAW AND RED INDIAN. Comparison Not Very Flattering to the Former. Johnny Mine, a Kickapoo linguist and philosopher, whose real name is Mah-me-qua-che-mah-che-mah-net a n d who can speak ten different langu ages, is in Washington in the interest ,)f the Mexican branch of the tribe. He is said to be the most accom plished. Indian linguist in the world. lie has some rather uncuomplimentary opinions about the white man's gov ernmental methods. but he thinks the white man's wife is a person entirely above criticism. "Not much difference between the white squaw and the red man," explained Johnny. "They both paint, white squaw with white paint and red brave with red paint. They both have to wear feathers when they're dressed up; Indian, he wears eagle feathers, white squaw wears any kind of feathers she can get. White squaws not much different from the Indian." RYAN A BORN LEADER OF MEN. Characteristics of One of the Giants of Wall Street. In a character sketch of Thomas F. Ryan, the insurance and railroad magnate, a nmagazine writer has this to say of his subject: "Big, gaunt, square jawed. grim, a toiler from youth, a maker of his own way, a fighter of his own battles, grizzled by years of fierce combat with the most merciless sot of foes on earth, clear and cold-visaged, niggard of speech, a compeller of men. His eyes, level anl cold, and an almost phenomenal power of mental concentration upon the matter in hand, are all that could give ground for any notion of a hypnotic suggestion in the man. In manner he is smooth and dignified, in speech he is deliberate and straight forward, positive and, above all, economical." MRS. C. A. STRONG NEAR DEATH, The illness of Mrs. Charles A. Strong, daughter of John D. Rockefel ler, is said to be a matter of grave concern in the Rockefeller family. She has been undergoing treatment in a sanitarium in France. Small Wages in Germany. Most Americans will be astonished to learn what pitifully, small wages are earned by the large German class known as heimarbeiter, or home Work ers, It includes men, women, and not less than 350,000 children, some of them only three years old. Nearly all the German toys are made by them. For sixty wooden soldiers, on which an adult and three children work thirty hours, about twenty-nine cents is paid. Colored masks bring half a cent an hour for an adult and two cents an hour for an entire family. The wages paid the makers of musical Instruments are but little better. Two men and one woman can earn only $4.56 for 192 hours' work at making harmonicas. Violin makers receive $3.60 for seventy hours' work.-Cleve land Leader. President Sends Thanks. The President last wveek sent the following telegram to Dr, Louis Klopsch, editor of the Christian Her ald, New York: "Let me heartily thank you and, through you, the Christian Herald for the admirable work done in connec tion with the famine sufferers in Ja pan. You have now raised $100,000 and you have rendered a very real ser vice to humanity and to the cause of international good will. (Signed) "Theodore Roosevelt." Author Once Cabin Boy. Percival Gibbon, the well-known au. thor, began life as a cabin boy on a sailing ship, He is very young yet, but there is every chance of his hav ing M. P. added to his name before long, joining the ranks of those dis tinguished parliamentary authors whose most recent addition was Wins ton Churchill. Emperor's Many Attendants. The Emperor of China has a house hold consisting of 500 persons, includ ing thirty bearers of state umbrellas, an equal number of fanbearers, thirty physicians and surgeons, seventy-five astrologers, seventy-six cooks and sixty priests. Irresistible! If there is one temptation that must be almost irresistible to the average man it must be that of rejoicing in the control of an engine of great speed. Already the observer can see the results of this irresistible passion showing its effects on the motor 'bus drivers. Wherever there is a fine, broad road to indulge the sport there motor 'bus racing is fast and furious. And woe betide the hapless wight who gets in the way of a racing car. He is simply killed. That is all.--Liver~ pool (Eng.) Mercury. Farmers' Co=Operative Union of .America. Don't forget the word "educational" in the name of the Union. It is the big word of the bunch, and upon it "hang all the laws and the prophets," as ~ ell as the profits. Don't for a moment try to think that you have any other source of profit on the farm that is any way nearly as profital:le as the poultry yard. That is a gold mine, yielding the pure stuft; Lut you will have to mine it to get It out, all the same. When you plant turkeys you plant the greatest insect enemy that was ever di-covere(d. A big bunch of tur keys in the cotton patch knocks the boll bug off the face of the earth. Guatemaulan ants ain't in it at all. The turks have them skinned a city block. Look cut for the man who wants to open an account with you. lie means all right, but it is natural for the book ke;eper to make the entry at a g:)od round price as it is for a duck to g' barefoot. It is funny how much better the cold cash is than anybody's name; but it is, all the same. To combine in a gigantic cotton con trolling scheme is about as much of a trust as any other combine in the interest of setting pricer and restrict ing output. Nobody denies this, buw what is sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander; and this is the onli way to meet present conditions. Let us meet them. Just can't keep from talking about the value of a garden at all seasons of the year. There isn't any "garden season," for, like death, "all seasons Pre thine, MIr. Gardener." The gar den, besides being the source of pleas tire and profit, is the foundation-piece of health. Get into the garden habit, and get it quick! What arrangements have you made ;or the pigs and calves for the coming .pring and summer months. It is a cruelty to keep them shut up in little dried up pens all summer, and the time is coming when it will be punished, too. Arrange now for some sort of a show at a pasture where there is some green stuff a-growing. All over this country we are hearing good reports of the use of the split log drag for road making. Why can't a bunch of peop'e living along a stretch of road make tip a few of these crags and leave one at each houge'along'the way, and after each rain get busy with them for an hour of twb? The road is the property. of the public, but at the same time it looks like the one using it the most should pay most attention to the keeping it in repair. Try it. How are you "hooked up" on read ing matter for the home? At the pres ent prices of pretty and good maga zines, it is time that the "mail order" trash was relegated to the brush heap. Read good stuff or nothing; for every moment that you put into trash is that much of your life cut off from you forever. You have no time to throw tway. One writer, speaking of tht, value of time, said it was so prec:ous that the Giver of all good gifts was so careful of time that we were allowed to use only one moment of it at a time. This is so. Every moment that yo't use has something to do toward mak ing up your life; and you surely don't want any waste plices In the "so like unto God" powe's that have been trusted to your watch-care. Treat the candidate- like a gentle man when he calls in you. You have to have ofmcers to till al: the depart ments of the g %\erlnient, and if you act so stinking mean that you drive the gvntllmlauily cadidllates out your range, you will have only the other :ort to become acquainttd wi\lth. Some men have acted so silly toward a man that was a candidate that the candi date was thoroughly disgustel. That sort of a fee'ing takes good men out of the running, and if it comes to hav ing to le insulted in older to get a vote, the gentleman takes the other end of the prolosithion. One reason to-day for the sort of men we have tolding many of the offices in this country is the sort of ol)iosition a decent mant has to meet among the people and on the hustingt. Treat a candidate like a g.,ntl1 man and tell him the truth. You need oflicials as had as he needs the place. It Is a powerful lusv time now, but that is the \,ry reas n for hobetter at tendance at the ni'etins. You need more conullltation now, and you need the opportunity to mwet in friendly il:tErrcurst with your neighbor now while ydtr-atile is s:o taken up that you don't guit out often. Don't neglect the meetings, and, above all, don't go with an empty pate. Think tip some thing, and let that thought he matured. Dog raising is indulgdl in too large ly on many farms. iThe dog is eating up the keep of a pig right straight along. It is now the right time for stopping the growth of noxious weeds about the place. Nipp d in the bud, there will be no trouble; but a little later on there will be no end of trouble. Keep 'em down while they are already down. Say, Good Woman, don't think just Lecause you live in the country that you can go around "looking just like any old thing." You have as good a huI and as the wife in the town, and his pleasure shou:d be worth as much as that of the town man. Fix up a little and try to look like God made 3 ou to look. It is as much of a woman's duty to look pretty as it is for her to make good pies. Take care of your* se,d. Now, if you have managed to get some of your bees through the winter, get at them right now and see that they're fixed up so that they can go comfortably and profitably at work. See that the hives are arranged in a good position and that there is nothing the matter with the colonies. They are one of the greatest sourcei of pleasure on the farm, when all goes well, and one of the most disappoint. Ing if they do not get on right, and the getting on is generally in the hands of their owner. How many of you farmers are treat ing your wives and children just right? They are all partners In the business, and should be treated as such, but they should understand that they are not the head of the firm. They are entitled to a1 the profits and pleasures arising from the conduct of the business that anybody is entitled to, but they are not the managers, if the man is the right sort of a person to manage any. thing; they are the helpers. The courts w ill not knock out a pro. ducers' combine any more than they will a packers' combine. A producers' combine could esaly bring a packers' combine to terms. I,, CHOOSE A LINE AND FOLLOW IT., Young man, decide at once upon the trade or profession you woud like best to follow, and bend every energy !ui that drection. If it is chickens, make a resolution that you will raise just a little better chickens, and g.t more clear money out of them per dozen than anybody ever has. Ir you make this resolution, go to work at it now, and stiuk to it through thick and thin, and you are almost sure to succeed. If you desire to become one of the greatest naval officers that ever sailed the sea, go to work at it now; study hard; stek to it, and you will win in this. There is nothing you can't ac complish, young man, and do it a little better than anybody has ever done I'. If you will get at it now and never say die. There is much room at the top for the fel!ow who will go there in the face of adverse circumstances. Scme men may apparently get to thd top and then calf ropes the man who climbs there. They have ridden there either in a gilden-lined elevator or ,they have pulled there by politi-call roves. The man who climbs to the top, one step at a time, will never stumble. He knows the entire road, and hoe knows it is impossible for him to fall down the way he came up, for he has builded well beneath him, and his structure has been thoroughly tested at every step. Learn to do one thing well, young man, and you will be a benefactor to yourself and those who may live after you. THE COTTON MILL. If all the cotton mills were owned by the men who grew the cotton, then indeed would the Southern farmers have a monopoly. And it would be a monopoly without an unholy- feature in its make-up. Indeed, for the farm ers to make not only the cott n it elf, but the articles comlposed of it which the world must have, would be the perfectly natural thing to do. An exclamation of joy comes 4th when a mother discovers .her baby's Ist 2th. CO-OPERATIVE CHIPS. The politician has no place in a bust ness farmers' organization. There is no politics in a commercial club. Let's not blame the other fe'low ,o much if we are not what we should be. Let's blame ourselves more. Let's use that power to our interest. We have not yet had a government report on shirts. Until we find that ,io more shirts are needed, we are not prepared to be:ieve in the theory Or' over-production. 1 It is the man behind the plow on whom the world depends. Yes, this is a class business organt. zaton. If the producer does not take care of himself he will be the prey of the fellow who la looking for lambs to fleece. As long the producers are in crm* petition with each other we will have glutted markets. Competition s the death of trade for the producer. RAILWAYS IN TEXAS. Annual Income in This State Comrn pared With Illinois Roads. Texas and Illinois being the states that lead in rai:way mileage, it is pr4,losel in this comnlmunication to contrast the operation of their rail ways during the year ending June 30, 19 J5, as shown by the annual reports of their r;,'ective cu Coin liSSionUs. Texas, with an area of 2G5.,SO square 1milPs, hald a railway mileage on the date mletionjed of 11,714 miles, or one mile of railway t, every 22.6 spuare miles; Illiznois, with an area of 6;,65ul suare miles, had a mileage of 11,t63; miles, or one mile of rail way to every 4.9 spuare miles. The capitalization, including stock and bonds, of the Texas railways amounted to $::'.,736.o'7, or $33,415 per mile; that of the Illinois railways to $701,313,;,56, of $60,271 per mile. The income of the railways in Texas fron (ope'ration was $15,733,884, or $1,339 per mile, out of which were to be paid intertst on bonds, taxes and expenditures for betterinents and rents, which left a deficit to the roads, for the year of $1,615,771; on the other hand, the income of the railways in Illinois from operation-after deduct Ing operating expenses, salaries and maintenance of organization, Interest on funded debt, interest on interest bearing current liabilities, rents for lease of roads, taxes and permanent improvelments -amounted to $21,819, 47S, or $1,s75 e.r mile, to be applied to the paymennt of dividends on stock. The number of paying passengers carried during the year on the Texas roads aggregated 12,276,454; on the Illinois road, 5;!,547,29, . The freight transported on the Texas roads amounted to 30,653,17u tons; on the Illinois roads, 1"2'3,54,os7 tons the increase in tonnage during the period named over the preceding year on the Texas roads being 160,126 tons and on the Illinois roads, 6,832,288 tons. The comparison above drawn well illustrates the disadvantage under which the Texas roads labor as com pared with conditions affecting rail way operation in the more densely populated states. Nor should it be overlooked that the capitalization per mile of the Texas roads is much less than the average capitalization per mile of the roads in the states fm any group, as shown in the report of the Interstate Commerce Commission for 1904. It should also be borne in mind that it was upon the stock of only seven of the Texas roads, aggregating 446 miles in length, that dividends, amounting to $381,927, were paid during last year; and that the current revenues of the roads were not sufficient by $1,615,771 to pay expenditures for current oper ation, Interest, taxes, betterments and rents. Much has been said about the bond ed indebtedness of the Texas roads, which is $22,433 per mile. An exam ination of the Interstate Commerce Commission report for 1904, however, will show that the average bonded in rebtedness per mile of the roads In Texas is much less than the average bonded Indebtedness per mile of the roads embraced in any other of the groups as defined by the Interstate Commerce Commission. The question is pertinent-Can a good and suffli cient reason be given why the Texas roads should not be allowed to earn revenue sufficient to enable them to pay current operating expenses, taxes, rents, and interest and, also, to satis factorlly respond to "the cry that is coming up from all parts of the state for better roads, better and faster service, better depot facilities, and more freight cars"? It may be also pertinent to ask: "Is it to the inter est of the people of Texas to so reduce their revenues that they cannot Im prove their roads and render better service to the people"? These are practical questions and should receive the consideration their importance de mands. No other question more di rectly affects the material welfare anJ prosperity of the people. JOSEPH D. SAYERS. Mitchell's Telegram. New York: John Mitchell, pres. dent of the United Mine Workers of America, telegraphed to triends in this city yesterday that be would ar rive in Now York late today. He will go at once to the Ashland House, where the members of the scale co.n mnittee will meet him. Tuesday morn ing at 10 o'clock the conference of the joint committee of the anthracite miners and the oplerators will begin. Polish Strike Impends. Warsaw: The revolutionists here have announced their Intention to de cldare a general strike in order to pre vent the government from contmcting a new loan. Octobrists Victorious. Ekaterinoslay: The Ootoborists captured the city elections by electing to the municipal oongress fortyseven of its delegates as a~gainst thirteen Constitutlonal Democrats, fiteen Jews and five Reactionaries.