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The Rice belt journal. (Welsh, Calcasieu Parish, La.) 1900-19??, September 21, 1906, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064402/1906-09-21/ed-1/seq-7/

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I Farmers' Co-Operative UnionI
IOf America
faking the Inadn of the Farmers'
dcational and Co-operative Union as
whbole, and as a text, the duties of
the ember is pretty fully defined
therel, Farmer is a word which
Seals in its most liberal and compre
yve sense that man who is en
Pggd In the producing and handling
d tle products of the soil. He it is
-wl plants, cultivates, harvests and
mrktets the soil's returns. That man
lom spends his time and intelligence
! this work is a farmer. That is a
duitlon of the proper material of
dJch to make the best sort of a un
8an8, Then for him to succeed
bet as an individual, it is necessary
or him to be educated. lie must
neow how to handle, tst and sum up
tauts and he must be able to tell
,bat, when and how to handle differ
t sorts of plants on the different
dis, and he must be able to know
lg to treat and handle the same
pats on the same soils under differ
ug conditions. The third term of our
-Um. is of the greatest importance in
to marketing of the products. Of
Wae, co-operative buying of seeds,
iaplements, improved stock and in the
apgon public utilities is a necessity
t any great degree of success, but It
isn the market that this sort of prin
dple shines out most resplendent.
eo co-operative selling goes back
[ie into co-operative buying, for co
operative seed buying prognosticates
vdat each is planting, and it will lead
to diversification, which is the prime
element of an all-round development of
ar priced markets. These three
ords cover the whole field of the
farmers' interest, as well as comfort.
C~operation goes on outside of the
productive industry of this country.
Too must co-operate in the rearing of
your neighbor's children. You are a
lictor of the community in which you
live; and do what you will, you are
usable to lift the responsibility you
aust have on the bringing up of the
young people that happen to be in
your sphere of influence. The fact of
your reading this article signifies that
you are a farmer. Now, the question
h, are you an educative and educated
farmer? You know that 'Art is long
and life Is fleeting," and as a sane so t
of being it is well that you seriously
ask yourself whether you can not Lu
d use to your fellowman In the way
-d helping him to ways of easier and
learsnter living. If you are impotent
of helping do some man a good, then
yo, of all men, need tho good offices
d the Farmers' Union. You need to
'alt at the feet" of the elders andi
lear of them the wisdom of expe
fince and observation. Follow toiler,
let me exhort you to study out the
hesons contained in the name "FIarnm
is' Educational and Co-O1,erative Un
.i of America."
HOw was the last meeting of your
aion? Did you have a good time?
Iffyo did not, something was wrong,
,I i all liklihood it was your fault.
- "he old mossback that has been get
kg a great deal of comfort from tell
S4how the Grange, the Farmers' Al
Slnce, and some other farmers' organ
'tLas made mistakes, and predict
g thel same failures on the part of
: Farmers' Union, has been getting
Uiher! cold comfort lately. The Un
 Istead of going to pieces, has
.~8 right along attending to its bus
8lL tad getting bigger, better lookl
88ilJ stronger eve-y day.
l Is awful weather on the buggy
U wgon that has to stand out un
t1oted from the rain and the sun.
: AI# mighty shiftless sort of a fellow
~itill allow his tools and vehicles
i. j t fun down and trampy looking
'IoRt the want of a shelter. He is
8, a success, and as a rule peo
SlW 0ot incline to put him onto"
 of a promising business na
.,CUse e failure is predicated
il~ surroundings. This is not
it Is almost a knock-down.
iatom of subsoiling is a good
t rakes a deeper soil, and
t o that it drains the crop in
 nse, and stores a supply of
In a dry time.
15 eld will be a much better
itrs the corn is gathered, if
n sowli in cowpeas when the
aid by, or this may be done
the fall. This will be fine
hid stock.
'l lands and all crops are
b:'Ing the soil broken in
Sthoroughly harrowed or
_Oswsi in the spring.
broken in the right condi
ed, there will be few,
8~o1 should be harrowed
being broken as conven.
ihe surface becomes hard
I beat to harrow every
has been plowed in the
MERCURY MUSINGS.
s Grant, I. T., is to have a Union cot.
f ton warehouse. Keep it up, quick now,
I and the Territories will soon have a
1 strong chain of warehouses. And
these can keep in close touch with
the port warehouse at Houston.
Attend your local meetings regular
s ly and promptly. Don't neglect your
I Union business.
n The farmer is the real-the only
e lord of creation, and in this age of
a progressive agriculture ideas, to be a
f farmer means a goct deal more than t
- it did fifty years ago.
11 The delegates from the two Terri- a
I tories were delighted with the amica
t ble settlement of the differences
p which have so retarded the Union
I cause in Indian Territory.
- If your local is lagging, get together
t and plan a fruit supper or oyster sup
v per or some other entertainments as
e a help to revive interest. Have a few
r- good, pointed talks and then hustle 1
r for a lot of applications for member- I
n ship on the spot. Strike while the 4
if iron is hot. 1
Seven warehouses were arranged
e for in the last five days in Oklahoma.
y The union people there are wide
it awake and leave nothing undone
1- which will bring good to the folks who
t. live by farming.
> There is no sense in trying to get
sa good price for cotton so long as the
d market is flooded at one season of
.c the year only. Outside of the Farm
f ers' Union there seems to be but lit.
e tle effort to hold back a reasonable
e part of the crop. There is some tall
t. talk elsewhere, but talk does not
.e; build warehouses and get the money
v. to run those we already have. Get into
If the Union where you will be in decent
a company and have somebody to help
u you do tihngs. The price at which
"e cotton is now going is not at all pro
' tfitable to the raiser, and the lesst
ue profitable it is to the raiser, the more
n profitable is is is to the speculator and
)f the cotton thief.
Those in the cotton reglons are
"tickled to death" over the value of
Sthe guinea as a bug catcher. He i!
said to be the greatest rustler for boll
weevils on earth, though he will have
to be a "hummer" to win out over the
turkey.
It is still time for some good work
tto be done on the fall garden. Go to
n your seedsman and ask him to put
s you next to the things that will grow
o at tl;is season. They are so many
I that they can not be enumerated herr,
Slbat your table oi:ght to show that you
know what they are.
T ry a Irut' supper for the benefit of
"' your union. A few pointed, stirring
n- talks ainlu such auspicious surrounld
in. s is lable to win more than one
stuoborn old non-unionist.
G(ifts to the poor may be loans to
the Lord; but one thi:g is certain, God
won't pay very large interest on your
pantry scraps, given to a tramp in.
tstead of, as intended, thrown into Lhe
swill pail.
Raise fewer dogs, and put the ex
Stra cost and trouble into your chil.
dren.
n Rotation of crops is too often neg
lected by the Southern farmer, and
Sthe soil impoverished by sticking to
Sone crop. More rotation of thought
would also be a good thing.
It is of primary importance to know
y at what stage corn should be cut to
n- secure the best results, says Farming.
n. It is also necessary that a careful
w study be made as to how rapidly nu
as triment is stored up in the corn plant
ig and when the maximum amount is
is reached. When corn is fully tassled,
o. It contains but eight-tenths of a ton
" of dry matter per acre, or one-fifth
a. what it contains when fully ripe.
d When in milk it contains nearly three
t times as much dry matter as when
fully tasseled. Only seventeen days
were occupied in passing from the
d milk to the glazing stage, yet in this
d time there was an increase in the dry
n matter of 1.3 tons per acre. This
f shows the great advantage of letting
the corn stand until the kernels are
glazed. After this period, the increase
r in dry matter is but slight.
I It is said that honey was the first
e dish served by the ancients at a ban
e quet, that the palate might fully en
e joy the most delicious of all the
sweets.
e Plowing should be commenced in
a time to do it well. If behind with
ir the work, there is almost sure to be
a haste which slights work.
i- Land does not get tired nor need
, rest, it the proper rotation of crops is
d planted and the necessary cultivation
and fertilizer is used.
d Not a few large farmers of the ft.
7 ture are working for some one else
e now. They will plow their own acres
and drive their own teams some la7.
JI
THE. ERICAN
HOME
 A.RADFORD
nmm iii _I EDITOR
Mr. William A. Radford will answer n1
questions and give advice FREE OF 1
COST on all subjects pertaining to the
subject of building for the readers of this ai
Daper. On account of his wide expe- tl
rience as Editor. Author and Manufac
turer, he is, without doubt, the highest a
authority on all these subjects. Address it
all inquiries to William A. Radford, No.
194 Fifth Ave., Chicago, Ill., and only rt
enclose two-cent stamp for reply. ti
One of the most pleasant greetings
upon entering the front door is the
sight of a bright fire. A great many
fire places have been built in hallways
for this reason. First impressions
often are lasting. When a stranger
enters the house he remembers the
first things he happens to see because
his attention is fixed on the new sur
roundings. His impressions of that
home are influenced by his experi
ences during the first five minutes of
his stay. If it happens to be a cool
evening and the fire is burning in the
grate he receives a warm, cheerful
welcome that lingers in his memory
and the chances are that the house
will always be associated in his mind
with a very pleasant domestic scene
having a grate fire for its center.
It is much better to put a grate in
,the front room than to put it in the
hall. As a usual thing halls are too
drafty to sit in. There are exceptions,
of course, some halls are made very
comfortable and are used a great deal,
but 99 times out of 100 the hall is
not used for anything except a pas
sage way. Whether this is right or
wrong it is the custom of the coun
try. Most attempts to change it have
failed, the few successes are individ
ual instances where the influence of
certain niembhers of the family happen h
to be sutlicient to overcome the dic- t
tates of habit. But this plan offers a t
substitute for a hall fireplace that is b
agreeable to most persons who have c
tried it. 1
There are good sized rooms in this ii
plan and enough of them to accom- s
:V "
I Kyr n!; .
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trý kg;'''' ý ýý t, ; b
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modate a good sized family. The
house is 30 feet wide and 38 feet long
exclusive of the porch. It should be
built in the timber sections where
carpenter work is not too expensive,
for about $2,400, but estimates on
building vary a great deal with local
ities. A house that costs $2,000 in
one plae may cost $3,000 100 miles
rl to ' Gwh tA'd
I T1
wood finish adds a great deal more to
the cost of a house than the difference
in price between hard and soft woods
because hard wood is slower to work
and it requires better skill and con
sequently better paid carpenters. A
hard-wood joint must fit, but soft wood
may be cut a little on the bias and'
the pretes driven hard together to 1
make up the (lentlency; then very
often it is necessary to bore for nails,
and there are a great many other lit
tle details that add to the cost when
a man finishes the interior of a dwell
ing in hard wood. For this and other
reasons some little houses cost more
than some big houses, and it often t
a C
Second Floor Plan.
happens that they are more satisfac
tory when finished. But, of course,
the size of a house must be governed
by the size of the family. A big house
costs more tv furnish. The cost of a
home is not all tied up in the huilding
itself. There are the many after con.
siderations and it is a good plan to
e consider some of them before starting
g to build.
Ie Here we have a good sized eight
e room house, the rooms are well ar
e, ranged and the house itself when fin
f Ished is a good looker. It has a stone
wall for a foundation and the wall is
ii plastered outside wi'h wat(erproof ce
n teflit mortar to keep the' cellar dry.
Provision is made for heatinz with a
furnace and many little accessories
such as catch t basin. slop sinkl. ces
pool, etc.. are :'ovide(d to mah1ke tl1
house complete. The joists at the top
of the wall are filled in with grouting
to keep 'nut frost and the cellar is to
have a cement floor. The lnes ar,,
lined with fire clay and :;tone calps
are plrovided for the chimneys, slopl
sink and ccss ipool, and the cellar win
dows are to have stone sills and the
catch I)nsin to, have a manhole and
j Iron lid with a ring in it. The wood
outside is pine. the inside is pine and
the shingles are white cedar. The
only hard wood specified is a white
maple floor in the kitchen and this
should not be laid until after the plas
tering is finished as it will not stand
much dampness. This kind of house
is good enough for anybody and it
does not get away with a big amount
of money.
The front porch of this house hav
ing a round corner is a little unusual.
but when finished properly it gives the
house a very attractive appearance
from the road. The recess between
the two wings of the house seems to
r'rovide a place for an ornamentation
of 'his kind.
How He Entered.
"And how,' asked the criminolnist.
"did you start on your career of
e crime?'"
1
o; The stfe cracker sighed.
"When a mere child of 13," he said.
I "I euered a temale seminary-"
v "As I suspected!" exclaimed the pro
,fesso;'. "You are a woman in dis
Sguise!"
i: "Not at all-what are you kidding
d me for? I was a porch climber in
o them days."-Cleveland Leader.
CUBAN REBELS' APPEL
tELL AMERICANS THEY WANT AN
OPEN FIELD.
SETTLE THEIR OWN FIGHT
Present Their Case to Americans,
"Who Believe in the Liberties
of All Peoples."
Havana-A correspondent with the
Insurgents in Santa Clara province
has received by courier from General
Guzman the following:
"Headquarters in the Feld, Central
Andrieta Plantation, Sear Cruces, San
ta Clara Province.-To the American
People: Difficulties have arisen among
among us-questions of lierty and law,
or of peace. We do not ask for sym
pathy; we ask only an open field, that
we may settle with Cubans and for
Cubans the issues that we have joined.
"There has come a time in the his
tory of this republic when the only
way to secure a permanent and right
eous peace and safe guaranteed con
stitutional liberty is by war. Under the
empty name of a republic the shackles
of the overthrown Spanish dominion
have again been imposed upon us. Our
consatution has been cast aside with
contemptuous egotism, the royal laws
of the ancient regime have been re
vived and issued to us with the very
forms and words of the royal Spanish
deoree. Absolutism was again fasten
ing itself upon Cuba, and in the more
dangerous guise of formulas of a re
publican system that was but the shell
of democratic ideals.
"It has become necessary to resort
to arms-not for war if it can possibly
be avoided, but as a demonstration be
fore the court of last resort that the
spirit that for a century has fought
against royal oppression still endures
and will suffer again the hardships of
campaigns rather than yield the fruits
of hard won lilrties. By a vast ma
jority Cuba is with us.
"If the present administration in
Havana so chooses it will be war no
longer.
"Shall we be tricked by commission
ers from Palma and armist!ces whose
authority and validity he then denies?
"The intervention by the United
States we do not wish. This is our
own Cuban question; a question of our
rights and liberties that we ourselves
must settle. And in considering the
question we ask c msidcration of the
fact that it is one fraught with more
consequences t.) Cuba than of momen
tary commercial loss or gain.
"The ri hts and properties of Ameri
cans will be respected by our forces.
"That all in Cuba will suffer as a
result of the depression due to war
is unfortunate and inevitable, but it
is the Cubans, our countrymen, who
will suffer most, and with their pat
riotism th(y arc gladly accepting the
sacrifice; for out of it will emerge the
former rights and liberties of consti
tutional governmont.
"To those Amr ric:in. who believe in
the libert ,s of all popl s and tha
right and justice :-;h, uil triumph, even
over pe.c,. we pre,:ent our case and
ask their sym p:alhy."
SAY UNJUST DISCRIMINATION.
Indiana Oil Lines Push the Fight
Against Railroads.
Indianapolis, Ind.-The fight of in.
dependent oil companies of In
diana begun some time ago
through the Indiana state railroad
commissioner, against the Stands,
Oil Co., assumed more substantial
proportions Monday-when three in
dependent concerns filed petitions
against 41 railroad corporations,
whose lines traverse Indiana, charg
ing unjust discrimination.
OHIO REPUBLICAN CONVENTION.
Dick Retains Leadership and Foraker
Makes Hot Speech.
,Dayton. O.--The victory of Senator
Dick iii securing a re-election to the
state leadership, or, rather to
the chairmanship of the state ex
ecutive committee, by the decisi"
vote of 14 to 7, was second in interest
in the discussions to a sensational
speech of Senator Foraker before th(
republican state convention. Com
ing after the address by Tempo
rary Chairman Herrick, and given
with all the vim and vigor for which
the senior senator from Ohio is fa
mous, ,this speech aroused the dele
gates go a high pitch. Its probable
effect on matters to be decided by the
convention, and the posslbility of an
answer from Congressman Burton,
were thoroughly gone over.
Cortelyou for Governor,
New York-Leading republicans are
discussing the following state ticket:
For governor, George B. Cortelyou,
of Hempstead, postmaster general;
lieutenantgovernor, riorace Whto, ot
Syracuse.
Killed In Front of His Home.
Muscatine, Iowa.-A Rock Island
passenger train struck a buggy
containing Lafayette Sylvester and
Joseph Keck, at Fair Point, killing
both men instantly. Sylvester was
killed in front of his home, his wife
and children witness the acldent.
dent.
Turks Rout Bulgarians.
At Rodova, near .Vodena, Turk
ish troops routed a bn4 o pulgari
them.
ULsI l I1 U T CE i u HER
KANSAS M-hL "70 TRY FOR SHARE
CF t R ESTATE.
Missing B-c'Cfr Eien:rs Suit AginSt
Mrs. 'ancr:'rH ;It and Mirs..
New Y: --  uilt by his rela.
tives to ,.: . long beii Iead,
Frank P. Strrhii of 'T'op'lka, Ka', who
claims that he Irs the missing brother
of Mrs. Charrlue L. Fair, who was
killed with , t- husband, in 1902, in
an automobi;t ;iocldnt in France, has
instituted snait' against Mrs. Herman
Oelriehs ant, Mrs William K. Vander
bilt, Jr., for his share of the estate.
A year age Smith went to hill old
home at New Market, N. J., and on
ntounced his delntity. He was re
ceived with ,dpleton by the mewe
hers of the Fsiith family, who have
settled their ,lanms to the largo for
tune left ety M rs Fair and are living
in affluence. Since then the Western
man has been lusy gathering proofs
of his relationship, and is now ready
to fight for h'v share of the estate.
Through hit, attorneys, who con
ducted the negotiations in which Mrs.
Hanna Nelson, mother of Mrs. 1"alr,
secured about 1800,000 for herself and
children, SmitL has commenced two
actions in the supreme court. One Is
against Mrs. (elrichs and Mrs. Van
derbilt, individually, and the other
against then, and Herman Oelrichs as
administrator of the will of Charles
L. Fair. Mr. Oetrichs died last week.
Some Terse Telegrams
Secretary SLaw spoke in Nashvillq
Friday night.
Several killed ;u storm at Zacatecas,
Mexico.
Gen. Linares and Editor Sorrenno
fought a duel at Madrid Friday. They
shot four times but neither drew
blood.
Mr. C. Priggs a.nd wife killed by cars
at Fostoria, O. Mr. Blig;gs was prtom.
inent oil pirod ,cer.
It is said that a marr;sacro of Jews
Is preparing :in Warsaw Scjtember 20.
Labor dift'ci!tics scttled at Gold.
field, Nev.
Capt. ('hril.t Burmae.'cr. who disap
peared from P'irlin;ton, la., 51 years
ago, has returned rich. lie was sur
prised that his brothers and sisters,
born after he left, thought him dead.
But for the toolneos and courage
and fighting qualities of Conductor
Robert Murray mraskc, robbers would
have gone through a Rock Island train
near Peoria. :il , Friday night.
The Bank of Fi a«e is unwilling to
release gold for shipment to New
York.
The furthe r advance in the sterling
exchange rate d'creaseed the command
by New Y'orli on gold in London.
The late ::urry in money in New
York is attrlillr( I to tlie pr6p*ration
for some largo dividend payments to
day, the pi:'i.iiall of whiclh is the SC,
000,000 lay,,!i: to the Sl~tidarld 1Oil
stockholdhlc: .
TO CONTEST THE WILL.
Oelrlchs Cuts His Wife and Son Out
of Will.
New York -herman oclric'is, the
clubman wlh( dtlic(d Ie:.pectedly
on board shilp. rn rouit, to this
country, on Selpinier ]1 clut off his
wife, Mrs. Theltsa Fair O(lrlichs, from
whom he was. estranged without a
cent. The value of th estate is about
half a million.
Mr. Oelrichs leaves nothing to his
son, Herman Oelrichs. except his jew
elry, watches. guns and tlurnltnre. His
brother, Charles May Oclrlchs, he
leaves $300,(000, asl names his broth
er as executor of the estatel, without
bond.
Mrs. Oelrichs will make contest of
the will.
ECHO FROM THE HARTJE CASE.
Two Private Detectives Indicted By
the Grand Jury.
Pittsburg, Pa.-Herman 0 8taab
tnd John Andersn, the two private
detectives who figured in ' the
Hartjo case. and testified for Au
gustus HartJe that they broke open
the trunk of Thomas Madlne, the
coachmen, one of the corespondents
in the case, and In that way procured
some of the letters alleged to have
been written by Mrs. Hartie, have
been Indicted by the grand jury on the
charge of entering a building with in.
tent to commit a felony.
RAILWAY REDUCES FARE.
Lehigh Valley System Establlshee a
2/2-Cent Basis.
New York-It was anxounc Pri
day that, to take effect Noveur 1,
or as soon thereafter as pgi , the
maximum rate per mile on te tehigh
Valley railroad system wil l) gn the
basis of 2% cents.
Return to Work at an Advance.
Sioux City, Ia.-The strike f thi
freight handlers at the CIeago,
Milwaukee & St. Paul railway-. eight
house has been called off, Ead the
men who walked out last Frldy have
returned to work at an advace In
wages.
An Acute Condition.
New York-The restriction I pr' -
duction caused by the shortag lat -
bor ln. ths nills has teutih a',out :
all 2a'tt¢ ec~nditlo in in maly liIes O
dry " gods.

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