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UNE VII. WELSH, CALCASIEU PARISH, LOUISIANA, MARCH 1, 1907.1 NillliE AL/LALAkdLALMMAAMALALMAAdkdLMALALMMMAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA Ananan naman TI-IE GREET. SIGNAL CLOTHING STORE, 8 *V WILL BEGIN *f FRIDAY, .MARCH 1, 1907, J. S. GERSON, PROPRIETOR. GAI DIOL BROS. . desire to announce to the public that :: they have opened the :: i ity Meat Market' ithe building recently vacated by A. L. Hebert, 4 SThey will carry a Full Line of Meats, Vege-4 bles, Fruits, Fish, Oysters and Game in season,and b .also handle all kinds of farm produce. I share of your patronage respectfully solicited. 4 GARDIOL BROS., elsh, : : : : Louisiana.' JUST RECEIVED *-"A FINE LINE OF-a Dressers, Wash Stands, Extension Tables, Ward robes, Sideboards, Buffets, Mattresees and Springs. 0 Also a Beautiful Line of 0 SVelvet and Axminister Rugs. 8 ELSH FURNITURE STORE Welsh, : .: La. ,Painting and Paper Hanging. I am again in the Painting Business and ve associated with me, flat. Evans, an ex workman of twenty years experience in best shops in the North. We are pre to do nothing but First-class Work. Bungg and Carriage Work a Specialty. Estimates Furnished Free. COMMERCIAL FERTII.ZERS. 4 The time is rapi(llv approaching A when all farmers should give their, at tention to the purchasing of such com imersial fertilizers as they will need 4 for the coming crop. Before the farm er can buy intelligently, he should t 4 know just what these commercial fer- t tilirers are and also their method of t action. Since the prime object in the use of all such substances is to in crease the production, commercial fer- I tilizers must be used either to supply 4 plant food directly or to so act upon the soil that a larger amount of its t nutritive elements may be at the dis e posalof the plant. In actual practice I most commercial fertilizers combine t 4 both effects. Since one principal ob- s 4 ject in the use of commercial fertili- t zers is to make up for the sbil's defti ciency in plant food, they must neces- t Ssarily contain this food. Of all the ' various substances of which plants 4 are composed, except three, nature 4 has provided that there shall be an v A abundant supply to all plants in even the poorest of soils. The three that s are frequently insufficient are, nitro- a gen, phosphoric acid, and potash. Of t these, nitrogen is of the most import- S ance, not only because there is the most frequently and insufficient sup ply in soils, but also it is the one most abundantly used by plants. t While this is so, it is rather a singu- r lar fact that nitrogen is one of the most abundant of nature's elements. Nearly four-fifths of the atmosphere we breathe is composed of this substance:f unfortunately, however it exists as a gas and plants are not able to use it in this form. Before it is available it must he combined with other substan ces. Its familiar combination is known as ammonia. Nitrogen combines with a great many Vubstances, but it is always trying to escape from them, and it is because it is so difficult to hold it in these combinations that it is so expensive. The chief function of i nitrogen in plants is to promote growth, but it is also of very great importance in the perfection of fruits. Since nitrogen enters so largely in to the composition of plants, it fol lows that everything of veigetable bri Sgin is a valuable source of this sub stance. It is very essential that this should he thoroughly appreciated in order that as much of it may be saved as possible. When vegetable matter is burned upon the farm, the nitrogen is released from its combination, and escapes into the atmosphere and is lost. On the other hand, if this vege table matter is returned to the soil, when it decays the combined nitrogen is placed where it is available for plant food. Nitrogen is available in a number of forms in commercial fer tilizers. The forms most important to the farmer of the South are cotton seed meal, bone meal, and the tro ducts of the slaughter pen in what is khown as tankage. Next in importance as a plant food is phosphoric acid. This substance, or rather phosphorus of which it is a compound, ik familiar to all in phos phoresr 'n1 the common ,C t. Imatch. It is largely needed by the plant in growth, but is absolutely es sential in the perfection of seed, and is a great factor in hastening the ma turity of the crlps. W\\hen wood is burned phoslphoric acid and potash, together with a number of other sub tances, are left in the ashes, and it is the presence of these two that makes ashes valuable as a fertilizer. Phosphoric acid is also found com bined with lime, in bones, besides be bing found in a mineral state in com bination with lime. As found in na ture, phosphoric acid is difficult of solution in water, which must be over come by treatment, as plants are able to take up food only when it is dis solved in water. It has been found that by treating this insoluble lime phosphate with acid it is changed into two forms, one of which is known as reverted phosphoric acid, and the other as soluble phosphoric acid. The former is soluble slowly in water or weak acids, such as are found in the soil, while the latter is readily dis solved by water. These two are called available phosphoric acid, because the plants can use them where the in soluble does them really no good. The most accessible form of phosphor ic acid to the farmer, is known as acid phosphate. This is the product of the treatment of the insoluble rock phos phate with acid, and thus treated con tains the phosphoric acid in all three of the above forms. Potash is more directly etfl'ective in the perfection of fruit, but it is rarely very deficient in soils and especially the soils of the Gulf States. It is found in abundance in ashes, and is there known as lye: commercially it is the most cheaply obtained as kainit. S. A. KNAP, ' Lake Charles. La. lFeb. 16. 1!07. Crowley Loses a Stroug Firm. The firm of Martin Bros.. of Crow ley, after nine years in he -in,ý there, ha-, decided to retit. ':., II :,.e Crowley field. Mr. E:d. 1;, ..." n;.uager, has decided to locuae in New Orleans. Mr. C. P. Martin, of the Martin store, is interested in the Crowley firm, of which the Signal says: "They have made a notable success in their busi mess and have always been recognized as among; the most conservative and at the same time pro'ressive of the commercial interests of this comimuni ay. Through their establishing a New York office, with a competent buyer in charge, they have been enabled to keep in the front rank in the mercan tile line. and in this way keep in close touch with the chief market. "-Lake Charles American. Mermentau Dam Again Intaet. The repair of the section of the Mermentau dam at Grand Chenier5 destroyed by a charge of dynamite a little over a year ago, was completed. last Friday and the structure is now ready for use in keeping the salt water out of the Mermentau basin during the approaching rice season, The work was done by Captain Ritsher, who had charge of the dam after it was first .' ~",'ad, in 1903. NEW SPRING GOODS Our Large Assortment of New Spring Goods is now ready for your inspection. m,-We have a Fine Line of'.. PERSIAN ORGANDIES, PACIFIC BIGE, ARNOLD SOlES APPLIQUE (( AND (> DRESS DUCK and WHITE GOODS of all kinds. We have also a New and Complete Stock of LOW QUARTER SHOES of This Spring's Styles. - Come now and get your choice from a Large Stock of New Goods. I We aeo eaers nl bow Prices, i Martin Bros. & Co., WELSH, . . LA. . _ _ New Business Firm For Welsh. We take pleasure in c(allinLr the at tention of the public to'the new hbui ness firm which began overations in our city Monday morning. This is the tirn of Gardiol Bros.. who have, openened up a new meat market under the name of the City Meat Market. They occupy the building recently va cated by A. L. Hebert, the popular tailor of Welsh, and will conduct a market on up-to-date principles. These boys have lived in Welsh for a number of years and are known to be straightforward, industrious young men. We wish them success- in their new undertaking. For Sale. 320 acres of rice land: E j Sec. 13, Tp 9 S, R 6, by W. P. Weber orH. C Gill, Lake Charles, La. 20 On The Safe NSde. NeMlect.'d ('l oghs ani ('old s put one on the unsafe side. Th, r, is no need t, take thes ('ithan(' . Io yaline 'ough Cure. taken in tine. will quick lv put you on the safe side. You will find nothing better for Coughs, Colds, (Croup and Whoopin, ('ou~gh. Con tains no ,,opinm. PleaJsat,. Sa;ae. Sure. Beep it on hand. 2., (ntý. Money back it you want it. Get a bottle to day. For sale by Cooper Drug Co., and Cresceut Drug Store. Waterproof Enterprise: The pro posed supervision and censorship of newspapers by the postottice depart nent is a motive worthy of despotic Russia and should not be tolerated. If the government can exercise control over the size. make-up and the amount of reading matter which news papers shall contain. it is but a step further to control of the editorial ut terances of these journals, thereby ef fectively muzzling the voice of the 7 press. The measure cannot be too strongly condemn,'. `ý1.ýa:Ii~i~ ý .31ý a~i '2"w .S 'r~l`ý "