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RICE BELT JOURNAL
H PTG. CO., LTD.......Pubs. L:H :: LOUISIANA Water and Life. all the conditions preparatory to the presence of water, composed zygen and hydrogen, is at once the t essential and the .most world e. For if water be present, the once of other necessary elements probably assured. If water exist, t fact goes bail for the necessary t perature, the gamut of life being D itensive with the existence of wa as such. It is so consequentially, lares Prof. Lowell's "The Evolution Life" in the Century, life being im sible without water. Whatever the et, this is of necessity true. But absolute degrees of temperature in which life can exist vary ac ding to the mass of the body, an er of the ways in which mere size E Is. On the earth 212 degrees F. a its the range at the top, and 32 de- t es F. at the bottom in the case of sh water, 27 degrees F. in the case salt. On a smaller planet both its would be lowered, the top one most. On Mars the boiling point uld probably be about 110 degrees Secondly, from the general initial ness of their constituents, a planet t t still possesses water will probably an the other substances that are ential to life; gases, for the reason t water vapor is next to hydrogen d helium the lightest of them all; d solids because their weight would 11 more conduce to keep them there. ater, indeed, acts as a solution to whole problem. 11 that is known to-day about the ruscans, a people who gave Rome r civilization and refinement, her a and sciences, many if not all of r political, religious and social insti tions and the weapons and appli oes of war which enabled her to con er the world, has been gathered from mighty cemeteries of Etruria, and has been said that "sepulchers re led what history ignored." In very rly times the power of Etruria is d to have extended all over Italy, t gradually the Gauls and the Sa es, the Greek colonists, and later e Romans succeeded in diminishing widespread dominion and reduced to the limits of the central region or ther country, which is known as ruria Proper and which was bounded the Apennines on the north, by the ber on the east, and by the Mediter' ean on the west and south. A news item to the effect that the bitants of Iceland are the longest ed people in the world, together th the well-known fact that arctic velers never have the grip or pneu a should teach us something. Evi tly the pneumonia germ cannot live the frozen north at all or can live re only in a subdued and joyless or with his bite amputated. It a to be about the same with the p germ. Now, if these twin evils old be shunted off in a northerly di on or given a ticket to the north le with the bland but justifiable false urance that they were routed for * summer resort the world might much happier. * of the new waterways from great things may be expected is bine Lake canal, 15 miles long, ecting the Sabine and Teches riv ;and making a new and important ,to the Gulf of Mexico and the At tic ocean by way of Sabine lake, Slies between Louisiana and a. The first shipment has been through the canal in the form of Jload of lumber bound for England. canal illustrates in a moderate what may be accomplished h a general plan of developing ways. Every facility thus ed will mean additional oppor esi for home and foreign trade, by cheap and convenient portatios. name of Claridge's Is well to every visitor to London. The ahotel which princes and mil are so to speak, "three a S" is abbut to celebrate its ceun . When it was opened, early in it was known as Mivart's, after game of.Jts founder, M. Mlvart, a ted clef of the period. Mivart one great' claim to fame which nc r to Lowdon should deny. He war tst hoteiproprietor to provide his withiI bathroom, a fact which iortis extensively. In 1850 m-old ae business to Mr. and mI dg, a butler and house - i a lucal family. It is now a Con any. In some localits in the State~ will have to tell their Sthey can be married. 'ill, a tsequently, be a deal of t the parson in the fu R ut a'votce soft and low was ozaent thing in woman. :aderbilt's income is be Sbe only about ten times as r count's, which leaves him aidependent and lofty poa Snobleman married to an iakae,~ FARMERS' EDUCATIONIAL AND CO.OPERATIVE UNION U la I U . OF AMERICA of 'mm - J Pgr PREPARATION FOR COTTON bu Plowing and Fertilization Will Be Found Advantageous Just Now. re: The average cotton planter has but little conception of the necessity of as thoroughly preparing cotton land. Most of them regard plowing as sim- hi ply a necessity only when the land sh is overrun with grass or weeds. How- ha ever, many are getting out of the idea, and realize that plowing at other an times is a prime object in securing good crops, and in this connection lat they are particularly realizing that a fertilization or feeding to the plant certain plant food at the time of plow- of Ing, is also a very important item nec essary to the successful out-turn of a crop; especially at this season of as the year, when there is little else to as do, plowing can be carried on to great y advantage, and It will lessen the amount of work necessary later in the season, when there is a rush on in the farm. There are certain rules which must be observed on the farm in plowing at this season. There is a possibility that the new soil will be too wet and S should not be turned up and allowed to sun-dry. This permits the plant 'u food to escape, and more than this, it practically deadens the soil so ex posed in its wet state, to Harrowing the soil is practically un-in heard of in cotton farming, and yet m there are tens of thousands of acres la of corn and other grain land in the se great grain belt that is always thor- ai oughly harrowed before the crop is planted. Farmers who will harrow of a small piece of cotton land will find the experiment very profitable. The m idea to be carried out under the pres- E ent conditions is to accomplish as much as possible with the least ex penditure of labor. To do this it is necessary to have a half dozen things, a but early plowing is one of the most essential-thorough cultivation, a good season, and above all, high fertiliza tion and proper handling of the crop will work wonders. Try the plan of special preparation on a few acres. Look out for the difference in prof- e its and see if it will not justify fewer acres.-J. C. McAuliffe, in "Farm and Home." BETTER HASTEN SLOWLY. ' Now is the time to think about the G price of cotton next fall. By diversi.- b lying and properly restricting cotton a acreage, the total yield can be kept ' within limits where the price .will be n satisfactory. That is really the only t sure way of playing the game. The V speculators have all along tried to b frighten the farmers with two bug- t bears; first, that the mills had sup- . plies to last for two years; second, the t mills would close down. Well, an E idle mill is a dead loss to the owner, d it can not be turned to anything else; whereas the farmer can change his cotton factory to a corn, oats, wheat, C cabbage and potato factory, and still C manage to get returns for his invest- 1 ment and and his labor. Hence, if the c farmer will but intelligently regulate his prices by the law of supply and demand, there can be no reason, out- I side of his own lack of cohesiveness, why he should not win the day. Nat urally, the spinners try to get cotton as cheap as possible and no one I blames them for that. Why then cen sure the farmers when they try to get the best price for their prodicts? -Belton (Tex.) Journal Reporter. The happiest people on earth, the most contented and prosperous, are those who own their homes, who have a place to live in when the winds of adversity blow. Every warehouse built is another link in the chain that will draw us away from industrial slavery. When a dozen farmers get their heads together half a dozen politicians make a break to butt into the ar rangement. The scheming politician is the curse that all organized farmers must fight or else serve. It is up to you which you will do. SOut in the little hamlets men on - small salaries are helping to make n this Nation what it ought to be. William Jennings Bryan. This is one of the weeks that you ought to help in the fight against the vehicle and implement trust. Put your Sthings under a shelter when not in Simmediate use. o At 10 cents a pound for cotton cot d ton seed are worth $16 a ton as fer tilliser on average ground. Keep this in mind when the felow tells you that Sthe Union price of $20 a ton Is too much. r Peusats, poultry, pigs and prospei t i. I tT make a singing quartette that any t body can enjoy, and anybody can havbe this sort of music with very little ei fort. Try it. Following a rain use the splt log Sdrag and add to the pleamsures of the traveler. The value of the property Salong the road will be increased. The whole community will take pride in it Sand much good wili come of the effort Sta Improve condltions in youir cor aatt. OPPORTUNITIES IN ONIONS. Great Profits Are Possible to Careful, Intelligent Planters. Probably no vegetable shows a greater increase in consumption than the onion. Not only is domestic stock largely increased, but the importation of Spanish and Bermuda onion is of great volume annually. FO The onion is not only nutritions, but possesses great medicinal proper ties for clearing the complexion and renovating the system. Market gardeners are now giving as much attention to cultivating on- B ions as in raising cabbage, and al though the volume of production shows reasonable growth, the market Se has not been glutted with the stock. The onion is a voracious feeder, and thrives best on rioh soil; much lands composed largely of humus are admirably adapted to the crop. The land needs to be well underdralned stc and protected from overflow, as wa~ fti ter standing on the crop for any length col of time will destroy the bulbs. thi Commercial 'fertilizers are used, and far these fertilizers should be rich in pot- oft ash to insure a good bottoming of the crop. Not all muck lands are natural- ty, ly adapted to onion culture, but can of easily be made adaptable to the crop. pa Success in onion culture demands industry and vigilance. The wh!te and yellow onion require five pounds of seed sown to the acre, in rows fourteen inches apart, to in sure a good stand. The large white globe variety re quire six pounds of seed per acre. The weeds must be kept down be tween the rows with a hand cultiva tor and out of the rows by hand weed ing. Onion raising is an industry ad mirably adapted to the farmer on a large scale, or to truck gardeners who sell their truck around cities. It is an easy cultivated crop. Like picking berries, children ten or twelve years of age can do much of the weeding. In raising onions the fashion of the market should be considered. In the East the small white and yellow on ions are the most popular. In the West the large white, and in the South, the red onion. The flat bulbs are the rpost popular, and the color can be improved by the proper meth od of harvesting the crop, which should be stored in a dry shed after having been cured two to four days in the sun. The crop, like the apple, T can be made most attractive by prop' er grading and marketing in crates. be Save all the Manure Possible. Keep the stable lot well littered c, with leaves and straw for the stock's tr sake and for the land's sake, is the advice given by the Southern Farm a Gazette. A load of manure in the sta- te ble is worth more to the farmer than 1l a sack of fertilizer at the factory. a There is a great deal more in stable o manure than mere plant food. It con, g tains myriads of bacteria that in some s way unknown to the average farmer fi break down and liberate plant food in g the soil, which make it of far more i value than commercial fertilizer con- b Staining an equal amount of plant food. t Save all the manure possible. If it a does not lessen the fertilizer bill it will increase the crop Droductlon. SOn days when neither plowing nor f other work can be done, if theyr are i 1convenient to the field, it will pay to I haul rotted leaves and throw directly x aon the land. The fertilizing value will ejustify the hauling, and the organlo cmatter added to the soil will also be 1 -helpful. - Don't pay any attention to the man I owho is offering a panacea for all that etroubles that annoy you along the Spathway of life. We are not going to 1 o have any heaven here. This is a place Sto "work out your own salvation with fear and trembling," but it is easy to do this if you confine your own eof Sforts to your own welfare and to Sthose in your own class. Let farmers e interest themselves in farms; the ot-b er fellows are already organized against us, too. Just a Texas Pig. H. E. Singletan recently shipped a ten-months old Poland-China pig to r the A. and M. College of Texas at SBryan that surpassed any hog of its .r- age we ever saw. It tipped the beam at 365 pounds, and, besides its weight, it was pronounced by judges to be a e model hog and of the most perfect t type of the thoroughbred registered h Poland-China breed. The A. and M. College paid Mr. Singleton the fancy price of $100-for this boar. A litter n mate of this same hog was bought e several months ago by A. L. Priest, of - Chambersville, for $60. Many years of intelligent persistence, industry, study, observation and travel are u yielding him a merited reward in dol he lars and highest honors.-McKLanne ur (Tex.) Courier-Gazette. Don't consent to pay $500,000 for a court house for the use of a lot of r- highly paid county officials and a i bunch of lawyers, while you have to at haul cotton through mud belly deep oo to the males to pay for it. Build Arst some good roads for yourself. Had you noticed that in spite of the tact that -the dumpers had sold the '~ aajor part of the cotton and crowded ne the market for all that was needed e- right now and for some time to come, that the 15-cent price was oomln steadily along? he Don't be satisfied with only one rty crop off your hands for a whole twrelve he months. Lands are getting too costly it for this slipshod sort of culture. Moa rt land will be all the better for three a- or even four crope, provried thq have ee car etly planl tha did GIRL TREED"ALL t;i the NIGHT BY A BEARhom car FORMER PET TAKES TO WOODS I,1 AND TRIES TO HAVE PLAY- per MATE STAY WITH HIM. pie sni doi BRUIN FOND OF OLD KEEPER i str seemed Satisfied So Long as Compan- att Ion Did Not Endeavor to Leave rai Him-Rescue Effected by Ca Shooting of Animal. sh Marble Falls, Tex.-The strange mi story that Miss Maggie Caime and her friends have to tell concerning the gir conduct of a black bear will only tax ho the credulity of those who are famil- we iar with the human-like intelligence often displayed by Bruin. Miss Maggie Caime of Zavilla coun- th( ty, Texas, has always been very fond an; of pets, and for a long time she was ahi passionately attached to a fine black hi to an Should Have Her Way, i bear that she had raised from a smallt cub. She called the bear Nigger, and 61 he would answer to his name and tress commanded him. ye F. ty Nigger was very intelligent and for th Sl The Bear Did Not Intend That She r Should Have Her Waynd hein bear that she had raised from a small te cub. She called the bear Nigger, and in he would answer to his name and picon come running the moment his mis- da tress commanded him. pleased him Nigger was very intelligent and for a long time he was as playful as a kithe w ten and regarded as perfectly har.- Ii less. As he grew older he began to is show considerable temper and he n often got theo angry that he looked dan- sl gerous and his mistress would con- ft sider it prudent to chain him to a tree si for awhile-at least until he got in a tl goodshumor. He never tried toharm f Miss Caime and nothing pleased hima better than to follow her from place c to place. She alone fed him and he g appeared devotedly attached to her. d Finally he began to show that he dation, for he sulsliked all the other members of the ning, disappeared. No trabsence of him couldMag gie e would sulk and refuse to eat. . MoNigger's ugly traits grew so pr till a lost ber.killing him. One day e screturning from a visit and tried to a neighbor. Itbreak hiwas chnearly sunset and the girlboy was angry t a forest onlyd got a gunshort distancggie bfrome lyher home when she suddfrom endingly encoun tersed Niggcareer. He was standing in the ath directlyuin saw it all, and with of hiser. He had turnevidently waylaone sid his mistress and to the close threats made aggie's him.eart fluttered a little, more from surprise than fear.oth She recognized the bear when shes "caWell, I' killed his name and he grinnem yet," said with NMagger evidently understood the sit-ng andout her hands. He brsat onke his haunches and Moin the passeth and would not move.was still When the girlngs ago ttempted to pass he instantly got in from a visit of her. Finallya neighbor. he It was nearly signs ofet and thger, andgirl whenas s h e tried to pass he growled and Sraised homeis paw. In vain she tried toun a pet himgger. He ontinued to bar the path. Finalrectly nMaggie oncluded to re- had turn to theow huimself until she wad. SclosNigger trotted along behind hfluttered un Sa little, more from surprise thane pathr. foLt She recognized the bear threw himself called his name and her. The gir now begand with to baggie alarmed. Finding that Nigger in the path and would not let her follow the path that led to the housgirl attempted of the neighbor Maggie fled along thefront otf her path, hoplly he showed closigns of anger, and whenever she tried Ssheto leave the passth he would throwled andhim 3 raiself dn front of her and growl. Maggshe tried to wO path. Finally Magfrightened ane concluded to rbegan turn to shout for help. This angerited the til shbear and h came began to growl and pnash forked. Again the bear threw himselfa - ,L that ne woula spring upon her it ene did not keep quiet. "Well, what am I to do?" whispered the poor girl, trembling with terror. Finally she decided to walk slowly along the path, thinking that she might induce the bear to follow her home. After going a short distance she came to a pile of logs and brush, which she soon discovered was Nig per's lair. The bear now appeared pleased. He walked about the place sniffing, and he finally came and laid down at Maggie's feet. During the whole of the long night F the bear laid and watched the terror stricken girl. The slightest movement attracted his attention and he would F raise his head and look at her. Miss Caime's people thought she had re mained over night with the neighbor she had visited and she was not missed until next morning. When it became known that the j, girl was missing the whole neighbor- d hood was aroused and soon the woods w were full of people searching for n her. It did not take long to locate her, but the bear heard voices and T the barking of (logs and he got very h angry. Bristling with rage he ran ii about the girl growling and gnashing h his teeth. fc Maggie fully realized her peril, and g when she saw her friends she called to them, warning them not to come 1) nearer. She explained the situation (1 and her friends concluded to shoot 1 Mr. Nigger from where they stool. Aiming well, three fired together, anl! d Nigger rolled lifeless at his ca;. u tive's feet. GIRL IN POND CLINGS a TO ICE 15 MINUTES - STICK WITH LINE FINALL1 GLIDES OUT TO HER AND SHE b COOLLY DIRECTS RESCUE. V St. Louis.-Myrtle Harris, the ten year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E v F. Harris of Glendale, St. Louis counr ii ty, clung for 15 minutes to the ice t through which she had fallen, while s her body swayed in water 75 feet deep, t in the private lake at the country i home of C. W. Barstow the other day. V She was rescued by a rope thrown from shore, 75 feet away, after her re markable case seemed hopeless. Dur. ing the time, which to her seemed in terminable, she followed minutely the instructions of J. P. Evers, who finally pulled her ashore. She kept her senses despite the excited shouts of men and screams of women ashore. Myrtle was returning from school with Harold Lester, her neighbor and little sweetheart. As they passed the lake, covered with ice, Myrtle could not resist the temptation to demon strate to her little friend how grace fully she could glide over the smooth surface. Laughingly, she slid out to the center of the pond. Her weight 1 fell on the ice directly over a deep well, around which the lake was created, the fresh waters of which had partially melted through, and she went down. She called to her companion for Shelp, but he was dumbfounded. The lake is close to the store of Mr. Evers, who heard her cries and hastened to Sthe scene with two lengths of common Sclothesline. When he saw her pre Sdicament he told her to keep quiet Sand not attempt to raise herself above Sthe water, fearing it would break d - r. The Brisk Wind Blew It Aside. h the ice, which gave her all the support needed while her body was submerged. g Time after time Mr. Evers tried to ,s throw her the life line, but the brisk e. wind blew it aside. he In the meantime residents of the ly neighborhood and other school chil. n dren gathered. After many unsuccess. d ful attempts to get the rope to the lit. to tie girl, and after some of the light e weights ventuered on the ice until it re cracked and threatened two lives, a heavy stick was tied to the rope and n. It was slid out to her. th But by this time the girl was too elf weak to tie it about her body, and the an frantic crowd was about to give up er hope when she wrapped the line about th her arms, and, gripping it as best she or oould with her benumbed fingers, p- shouted to Mr. Evers to pull. Slowly she was taken to shore, he where neighbors took charge of the tol chilled child. She was taken to the ed Evers home, where dry clothing was im- provided and restoratives adminis. gie tered. gan -- he The strength and happinen of a sh man consists in finding the way of wd duty sad walking therein--Behr. LOCKED IN CAGE FOR TWO YEARS BELGIAN, FALSELY ACCUSED OF ATTACK ON SULTAN OF TUR. KEY,CRUELLY TORTURED. FED ONLY BREAD AND WATER Finally Rescued by His Government When About to Be Buried Alive -Told Wife Had Been Blown to Pieces. Antwerp.-After si)ending two years In a cage in a Turkish prison, guarded day and night, and fed on bread and water, Edward Joris is back in hip native Belgium. He was sentenced to death by a Turkish court which had adjudged him guilty of attempting to take the life of the sultan. His restoration to his home is due to the persistent ef. forts in his behalf made by the Belgian government. When Joris, a very sick man, was brought ashore at this port the other day, he askedl his attendants to set him down upon the ground so that he might kiss the soil of Belgium. They diA so, and he imprinted a fervent kiss upon the ground. I saw him a day or two afterward at his house, and he told me something of his horrible experiences. "I was sentenced to death," said he, "on false evidence of a spy, who charged me with attempting to kill Abdul Hamid just as he was leaving the mosque. The bomb, you remem ber, killed two bystanders and wounded the chief of the Turkish deJ tective service. "While the trial was in progress I was tortured for 24 consecutive hours in order that a confession might be obh tained from me. So as to break my spirit I was told that my wife had been killed in the explosion, detect. ives showing me a rag from one of my wife's dresses and saying that she had " / t "I Remained in This Cage for Two Years." been blown to pieces by the bomb. The story was a lie, and I knew it to be a lie. "When they had failed to wring a confession from me, gendarmes were ordered to take me to a place from which I never should return. Accord ingly I was put into a prison, where I lay for several days upon a damp floor without anything to eat. I was then placed in a specially constructed cage in which I had barely room to turn ,aver, and I remained in this cage for two whole years. "One of the Turks who was accused of being concerned in the affair of the bomb was for a time in the same room with me, in another cage. One day he was buried alive after methylated spirits had been poured over him and set ablaze. "I was told I would meet the same fate the next day, but in the morning the announcement came that the Bel gian government had interested itselt in my behalf and my prison authorities had abandoned their intention to kill me. In course of time Belgium se cured my release, and here I am and here I shall stay." Says His Wife Spanks Him. S Denver, Col.-The wife who spanks Sher husband came to light with the filing of the divorce suit of Mack Gardner against Millie Gardner in the Sdistrict court. After reciting that b'. reason of her superior strength Mrs. ' Gardner had him badly frightened for fear of what she might do, Gardner, it states that in the presence of their child the defendant spanked him. a Attempted struggling, bold handling d of guns and Qther allegations maade the complaint read like a novel, but with Sthe woman in the role of a member e of the stronger sex. The Gardnera Smarried in April, 1906, and have one child. SRat a Near-Homicide. Atlantic City, N. J.-A rat is said to re, be responsible for the turning on of a he gas cock in the home of Charles Dex he ler, on Atlantic avenue, and the flow Sof gas nearly suffocated the inmates of the house. The rat was attracted by a bunch of celery, and walked over the loose cock. Mr. Dexler scented the gas, and his search resulted in the of discovery of the flowing gas and the rat, whiL c s carpere4 of.