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Prune the roses.
Alfalfa is rich in protein. Onions require a deep, rich mellow soil. A hen cannot feed lice and make eggs at the same time. Important garden crops for early planting are potatoes and strawber ries. Onions should be sown at the earli est moment the ground can be got in good condition. Is not the gasoline engine an im portant factor in the problem of keep ing the boy on the farm? With recent years alfalfa has forged to the front as a forage plant in the United States with extraordinary ra pidity The demand for flaxseed meal has been greater than ever before, even in spite of the high, price received this season. Potatoes and turnips are cooked for poultry the same as they would be for the table except that they are cooked without being pared. Do not place eggs under the turkey hens the first days she shows signs of broodiness. Better wait awhile be cause she is apt to change her mind. If cleaning the stable is your hard est chore, try the litter carrier. You will be surprised to find that such a labor saver can be had for so little money. The equipment needed for a farm at the present time is an item to be considered; the farmer now must pur chase and employ many high priced implements. The Idaho experiment station has found that scalecide at the strength of 1:15 kills San Jose scale as well as any spray, but that it is not effective when used 1:20. After the potato crop is gathered, which will not be later than August 10, if early sorts have been planted, sow crimson clover, cowpeas, soy beans or hairy vetch. In grading the surplus poultry and dividing it into lots for fattening, farmers having pure-bred flocks will find an occasional cockerel which it seems a pity to send to the slaughter ing pen. The popular notion that gapes come from lice had its origin doubt less in the fact that the chick, weak ened by the presence of these pests, was the one to succumb to an attack of the gapeworms. Farmers of to-day are taking great er interest in all matters pertaining to agricultural affairs than ever be fore, and it is merely a question of time until the work that has .begun will spread until the whole lump is leavened. For hens who are inclined to set at this time, provide a slat coop, large as possible, in a light, cool place Sand confine the hen with a male. Feed and water them well and ordinarily two days confinement will cure them of the inclination to set. The development of the milk.pro ducing quality in a cow is best judged by an examination of the milk veins when she is fresh. The milk veins are blood vessels that carry blood, not milk. These veins show the large amount of blood carried by the milk glands. The manure from silage fed steers is free from weed unless they are found in the bedding material. In feeding clover hay the weeds have a good way of spreading. The same amount of silage can be stored in less space and it saves hauling hay or fod der in bad weather. Rhubarb requires a deep, rich, mel low Loil. In fact, the soil cannot be too rich. The earliest yield is from a warm, sandy loam. The longest stalks and the greatest number may be grown on a deep, rich clay loam. The ground should be plowed twice and harrowed and rolled to get it in good order. Don't tool with the sick fowls too long. Medicine is sometimes an ef fective treatment for certain classes of atlmeats of fowls, but as a rule, care and feeding will do more to cor rect the trouble than all the medicine thar can be bottled up. Sopletimes bthe hatchet is the only practical rem .dt to lev . Do not crowd poultry. Put good eggs in the incubator. Spraying materials are cheaper than in 1909. Germany pays comparatively little attention to poultry raising. Prune raspberries, cutting uprights three feet and laterals one foot. All kinds of hardy annuals should be started under cover for earliest flower. Horseradish roots should be planted every spring, as a better quality of root may be had. There are few vices to which fowls are addicted more disgusting or more annoying than feather eating. The species of alfalfa ordinarily grown bears violet colored flowers and its seed pods are coiled into close spirals. You cannot make a silk purse out ot a sow's ear; neither can you make a fine bird out of a scrub; the breeding must be there. The larva of the May beetle, the common white grub, is the worst in sect enemy of the strawberry, and breeds largely in the grass land. The hay usually given to horses to supplement the pasture is of very poor quality, either woody or moldy, and this results in considerable loss. If onions are wanted from seed, buy: northern-grown seed. Sow about three to five seeds to the inch, cover about one-quarter of an inch deep with fine soil. As soon as the ground can be worked, plant out hardy lliies, peonies, and hardy perennials of all kinds that were not able to get into the ground last fall. If possible, give fowls plenty of range When they are confined their natural rations should be supplied them in the form of chopped meats and bone meal. Where phosphate fertilizers are to be applied to the soil they can be mixed with manure at the rate of one pound of rock phosphate or floats per day for each animal. Nothing will make a soil more re tentive of moisture in a form avail able for plant growth than plenty of decaying organic matter and this is absolutely essential with the straw berry. It is not wise to allow laying hens to get out in the snow, though it pays to shovel away the snow from in front of the poultry house, so that they can get out and exercise in the sun and air. In some cases the pea vines are hauled away from the factory by the farmers who supply the peas; in other cases they are sold in a fresh state, and in still other cases the fac tories either silo the vines or cure them for hay. Trap nests are the only means of knowing whether hens are earning their keep or not. Trap nests are easily made, but they require atten tion two or three times during the day. You don't want to imprison a hen longer than necessary. One reason why potatoes have de generated in the past is that the po tato growers of the United States have planted their culls and screen ings under the erroneous impression that such methods in seed selection would produce as good results as any other. Chickens are even more hoggish than hogs in feeding, and the individ. ual of undersize stands little chance. As it gets less food, it is every time losing instead of gaining ground over its. rivals, and shortly falls a prey to seeming disease when it is simply crowded out. There have been innumerable egg laying contests held throughout the United States, and in every contest, Sand in every experiment public or private, it has been pure bred hens that have excelled as layers. An in crease in egg production is always the t result of breeding for eggs. Since most of our cultivated crops make their chief growth in from 60 to 90. days, it will be clear that we must have plant food in the soil that will feed the plant from beginning to end, especially in the beginning of I the season, when the bacteria of the soil, owing to weather conditions, are not active. If brood mares are given a good quality of fodder, it is not so very fm Sportant that it shall be nutritive, pro viding sufficient grain is given with it to maintain a proper degree of flesh. ISome field roots, as carrots, and a bran mash occasionally, and now and then a little oil meal will exercise a good influence on the mare's health. If at any time the apiary shows Ssigns of degeneracy two or three of - the best queens money will buy should Sbe purchased from as many reliable breeders to infuse new life and vigor - into the stock; but as long as the bees are good breeders and progressive workers those traits should be devel - oped by select breeding dit our owe straas. STOCKRAISING PA2r/AL.. RCJ/DAoECe YAL RA,/IO H 07". "RARCO/A ',/YT/G44QQ HE Territory of Magellan, Chile, the southernmost political di vision of the republic, is an ex cellent field for stock breeding. This extensive territory, com prising about one-fourth of the total area of Chile, contains, approxi mately. 48,000,000 acres of land, and owes its present prosperity princi pally to sheep breeding and the work ings of its placer mines. The climate of the territory of Ma gellan varies /greatly, being cold in the far north and temperate and in vigorating in the middle and southern zones. Parts of the territory, espe cially the southern portions, are heav ily wooded, and the damp, humid cli mate of this part of Chile produces an abundant, vigorous and luxuriant vegetation and causes the formation at some places on the coast of con siderable deposits of turf. The south ernmost points of Chile, with the ex ception of some dry lands near the frontier of the Argentine Republic, is unsuited for stock raising, but the southern, middle and northern sec tions of the mainland of the Territory of Magellan are well adapted to the raising of stock. The breeding of sheep, which is now the largest and most prosperous in dustry of the territory, dates back to 1876, when Gov. Duble Almeida bought from the Falkland islands the first consignment of sheep for breeding purposes to this part of the republic. Notwithstanding the unpromising re sults of the earlier efforts at sheep raising in the Territory of Magellan, this industry was soon established on a firm footing and has been Increasing I by leaps and bounds from that date to the present time. In 1884 the government conceived the plan of leasing to private persons or companies tracts of from 2,000 to 30,000 hectares (5,000 or 75,000 acres) of government lands for terms of from five to 20 years to be devoted to stock raising and 531,267 hectares (1,312, 000 acres) were leased during that year. Subsequently new concessions were made, until, in 1896, about 3,000, .000 hectares (7,413,000 acres) were disposed of in this part of Chile to be used in the stock raising industry. In 1903 a law was passed permitting the sale of government lands in the Terri tory of Magellan and the first sale at public auction of 800,000 hectares (1,976,000 acres) brought an average price of 5.41 pesos ($1.97) per hec tare (2.471 acres). The remaining public lands in the Territory of Magel lan, consisting of about 1,756,862 hec tares (4,341,000 acres), and which were sold at public auction from 1904 to 1906, were disposed of at an aver age of 7.27 pesos ($2.65) per hectare (2.471 acres). It is estimated that there were 1,837,709 head of sheep, 37,804 head of horned cattle, 23,888 head of horses. 827 hogs, 122 mules, and 33 goats in the Territory of Magellan in 1907. The exports of wool through Punta Arenas in 1905 consisted of 5,280,745 kilo grams (11,616,000 pounds), valued at 5,197,320 pesos ($1,897,000), as com pared with 7,495,190 kilograms (16, 500,000 pounds) valued at 8,244,709 pesos ($3,009,317) in 1906. Practically all of the wool and hides shipped from southern Chile in 1906 went to Great Britain, Germany and Belgium, the former country reeciving about four fifths of the entire output of these two products. Several industries closely allied to and depending upon stock raising are at present being exploited in the Ter ritory of Magellan. In 1906 there were seven tallow factoried in the aforesaid territory, having a capital of 425,000 pesos ($155,125), with an annual out put valued at 1,933,000 pesos ($704, 405). There are 'two refrigerating plants in the terftory. The one at Rio Seco has a capital of 1,500,000 pgo- ($547,500). In 1907 this plant exported 120,000 frozen wethers. The factory at Punta Delgada, belonging to the "Stock Raising Company of Magellanes" (Sociedad Ganadera), is the only meat-canning establishment now in operation in the territory. The capital invested in this plant is 700, 000 pesos ($255,000). There are also stearin, soap, salted meat, and ham factories in the territory. The climate is so mild and the tem perature so even in the stock-growing section of Magellari that the herds can remain day and night in the pas ture the year round without suffering injury. In the sheep industry no country yields such a large proportion of lambs--15 to 120 for each 100 ewes-as does Chile, while at the same time the wool produced is fine and of a strong fiber. At the present time many of the flocks belong to sub. jects of Great Britain, who were pio neers in the stock-raising industry in the territory of Magellan. Some idea may be had of the fortunes arising out of sheep breeding in southern Chile when it is remembered that persons engaging in this occupation with a capital of $6.000 to $10,000 ten or fit teen years ago are now the owners of flocks of from 60,000 to 90,000 sheep., The raising of horses is a profitable industry in the Territory ofb Magellan. The Chilean horse is a descendant of the Andalusian breed, is hardy, docile, intelligent and vigorous, and, it is said, is capable of doing more work on less food and with less care than t-e European or American horse. Chilean cavalry horses are taught to lie down at the word of command, the cavalrymen using them as rests for their rifles, the animals remaining mo tionless until, after the firing is over land rising again to their feet at the word of command. Because of these qualities Chilean horses are highly es teemed for the light cavalry service of the armies of-modern times. In Chile a young horse of from two to four years old, of average quality, is worth from $20 to $30, and a horse of the I best class and of the same age from $60 to $70. During the last 20 years the equine race in Chile has been im proved by the introduction of stallions from England, Germany and France. The manufacture of shoes in Chile by machinery is increasing rapidly. A short time ago the first shoe factory employing machinery was opened at Valdivia. and now there are 22 well equipped factories of various sizes lo cated in different cities of the coun try. A large percentage of the shoe machinery in use in Chile is from the United States. France comes next, followed by England. There are still in the country a large number of shoe shops where from ten to a dozen mnen are employed making shoes by hand. The wages paid these men are small, being from 50 to 80 cents per day. Practically all the cheaper shoes worn in Chile are made in the coun try from native tanned leather. This is the class of shoes generally worn by the working class and farmers. Shoes retail at from $1.20 to $1.50 United States gold, and a better grade made from native leather for dress shoes from $2.50 to $2.75. Then come those with imported uppers and na tive soles, which is a very good shog. The uppers will generally wear out two or three soles, for the sole leather is of an inferior quality. This grade of shoes retails at four dollars to $4.75. Ineligible. "So you wouldn't let Bombazine Bill sit on the jury that tried the horse thief?" "No," answered Three Finger Sam, "we do things fair and square in Crimson Gulch. Bill's a good man, but the fact that he runs the only un dertakin' business in the county couldn't help prejudicin' him some agin the defendant." - Washlntog Star. NO MORE FOR MR. HALLORAN Gentleman Had Had All the Experi. ence with Insurance Companies That He Desired. .Mr. Hlalloran surveyed the in. :r',:<. agent with a dark and host'i, tlnan;i('. The fact that o,.'' ', : concealed by a dark and grimly l:,:'i age did not add to the attracti'', : s of his cxtpr'fsSion. "h'aven't you made up your mind yet to insure with us?' incl'qured t l;e agent. "You told me I might ca;l again in a few days." "There was two of you at me to gCt an accident insurance policy." saidl Mr. Halloran, breathing heavily "1 towld you and him both you night call again, and he come first, day b, foor yistherday, and I insured wid his company. "That very night I met up wid Bar ney Casey on the way home, which was what I was expecting w;ud hap pen," continued Mr. Halloran, raisin, himself by grasping the arms of his chair with two capable although scarred hands, "and whin we'd fin ished wid one another I was like this' "Yistherday morning I sent for the insurance chap, and says I to hinm, 'Look at me,' I says, 'and istimate the damages and pay them.' "He squirmed right out o' the door. saying 'twas no accident I'd had. "Now if meeting wid Barney Casey. afther keeping out o' his way for six months, is no accident, I'm done wid insurance companies, and the sooner you l'ave this house the betther 'twill plaze me."-Youth's Companion. Marriage. A game of chance in which the chances are about even. The man leads at first, but after leaving the altar he usually follows breathlessly in his wife's trail. The rules are very confusing. If a masked player holds you up some night at the end of a long gun, it is called "robbery" and entitles you to telephone the police; but if your wife holds you up for a much larger amount the next morn ing at the end of a long hug, it is termed "diplomacy" and counts in her favor. In this, as in other games of life, wives are usually allowed more privileges than other outlaws.-Judge. EFFECTS OF LIQUOR REMOVED IN 84 MINUTES. Drunkenness is unworthy when you can have it removed without anybody's knowl edge. Acme simple home-treatment will Sdo the work. Write E. Fortin. R 316 Dickey Bldg., Chicago, Ill, for free trial. The Feminine Bias. "Why doesn't our canary sing, papa?" "He's getting a new coat." "Why, surely, that should make him sing well!"-Fliegende Blaetter. Por Headache 'ry Hicks' Capudin. Whether from Colds, Heat. Stomach or Nervous troubles, the aches are speedily relieved by Capudine. It's Ulquld-pleas ant to take-Effects immediately. 10, 25 and sBo at Drug Stores. Light to Banish Sorrow. Sorrow dwells longest where the sun is shut out.-Florida Times-Union. No, Cordelia, it isn't called "com mon sense" because it is so common. SPILES CURED IN 6 TO 14 DAYS. PAZO O1NTMiENTisguaranteed to cur, any case qf ItchlIng, Blind. Bleeding or Prmtrud:ng Piles in i oldolaysor money refunded. 5t. Give truth a square deal and it will not be..crushed to earth. DAVIS' PAINKILLER has no substitute. No other rem''dy is o effrctlve for rheumatism. lrmbaaJ. ~' .-- neuraItrt oz I seldofany wrt. Put upn 2.-...., and 50c bottles. Vanity is due to a leak in one's wis dbm tank. Pass Along The Good Word That Dr. Pierce's Goldeni Medical Discovery is to-day and has, for over 40 years, been the standard Blood-puri fyer, Stomach Strengthener and Liver Invigorator sold by druggists. It's not a secret nostrum but a medicine of known composition - a medicine so good that the best physicans prescribe it knowing that its ingredients, which are printed on its outside wrappers and attested under oath, are the best known to medical science for the diseases for which it is advised. The great success of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery in curing weak stomachs, wasted weak lungs, and obstinate and lingering coughs, is based on ognition of the fundamental truth that "Golden Medical cry" supplies Nature with body-building, tissue-repairing, making materials, in condensed and concentrated form. With help Nature supplies the necessary strength to the stomach tI gest food, build up the body and thereby throw off lingeri. stinate coughs. The "Discovery" re-establishes the digestiit nutritive organs in sound health, purifies and enriches the and nourishes the nerves-in short establishes sound vigorous If your dealer offers something "just as good." it i ably better FOR HIM-it pays better. But you are t * of the cure not his greater profit, so there's nothins - as good" for you. Say so. Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medical Adviser, In Plain English; or, Simplified, 1008 pages, over 700 illustrations, newly revised upto-date paper-bound, sent for 21 one-cent stamps, to cover cost of mailing aS'7. bound. 31 stamps. Address Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y. step~s itching at º"ý MMst effective known for ec". iES IN the best d for burns, scalds, carbuncles. shigles, ringworm and a certain ct itching and inflamed piles. 50 cents a jar, all druggists or direct on receipt of price. RESINOL CHEMICAL COMPANY. BALTIMORE. MD. I recommend Resiaol Ointment to all of my patients and friends for other sIn affections. Francis A. Groves. Nurse, ka15$ xx~x~xc.:.x.:.xxxcc:xcc-x-cc.X; MADE UP HIS MIND Prospert V J;rfr Evidentli Favre':, Impressed with c er s Appearance, ,-. :.e form J of :, : -,. : er v r -.- ad o 9 S - cI apita! . rt : , -. erai'i. a ti I : prosecutor oj ".I::! :. : ;: :. n the prime noi;r.r ·, juror." T ... . - !,justed his p and I '::te (prisoner Ir half i Then, turning court. , ".T i . ..rn if I don't beli. guilty. i The r:: .-' " I..- ,, humor of t4 'sd T r anid everyroa exQc\"-t : ri:ner. thatthe ~ r:; .,tho'r ,.:r( r wa Q overlook.ed Futile Dissension. "So 'yd,, andr your husbanda ways. q'a:ar'ing?" said the lawv.wr. "Yes.' an.-sw-ercd the votng "Whan do : in quarrel about! ' "I fr'-t the subject of t quarrel. 'u.It w, have been q ever since: over who was to for it." Stomach Ills Seem Trifles At the start, but that iswhenya to take the matter in hand. can only result the one ness. The stomach is largely sibie for one's health and st as such it needs to be kept in a mal condition. If it becoesm the food remains undigested, and causes untold suffering you lose the strength-giving of your food and you become and run down. This is very able at the beginning of Spring the system is overloaded with impurities, the bowels cloggedml blood thick. Nowonderyon "Spring Fever." Commence Hostetter's Stomach Bitters nBi day and cleanse the entire ' Then your Stomach Ills willtl ish. It is for Sick Headache, tion, Dyspepsia. Spring Feuer, erel Debility and Malaria. SMOTHER SWEET FOR CHI A certainRedlieffs Coneii _pato. Stom Trade Mark. In 24 bov. AtitS Don't accept Iample miled It subtitute. A. B. OLISTE$ 'r "rs t swred on matte", of lore. m llb _ Send dim e and bir b date for l, _ fume! Bach,·t Cushion FBlL INSTITUTE, orp s, is W. tOla PATENT a' 3 w. N. U.. HOUSTON, N0.1