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DIED OF F
S :. d Pape -Vh -about - . Poisoned rf Co SI ,r e j . l ,, n you 50 eninS THAT rH LA ,hn li tally AYSLL STAND JI dame, ae nAst it, : ,d. She ipxt Four pledtes APýý~ I - ~ l':;, 1. S"$ .Fo>Bill Cannot P , ,. y w.} . But, Says Mr. Locke..... e are (1' (':leo I'll give A 2 ouge l i i ;1 up se arg e p 0 h i~ be )ash. any :attetu, . w jang sla.' Ib, Ste anti-ra" I . , . .as . m lo y( irg to i a assembly in tO lest noys iýlv to p ocke, author at , iu the nei-lmol b l which prohli llo:: ., :, .. .. i. . iO the race .al.u h:rt,' and he ended, is acti\v c!' rwhich tl 1ra(,;ty -," 'i . r u,, s. Thear 'tory 'elte s a ,hh ,- a y re - Ii. ie w as GENC Y themselves~ a hi es and rget forte Locke bill. Ian ned the it an itn lin !dni d s en hoe w e l P ;i' haFe pledged the i ':t ('. t' ft, hist auto ---" e fiact that v i , lthe til,( 'p. GRATE s igned is due to the ' t' pii, a tlee RE l e the petiti"n l ithi w. e -i(. ti',i as c RoES " e them. Tis ;. (s 4 eait its iway asked them. 1 illtns alp :. saeret practically ~i , ed . n 't u eas 2 ve been given t o he ther fat :members :(f the hteui .1ffe (11. It. notbeb ýi are opposed to Iii work. Asc t oR E S S1ppha1ve 1thefo tihc s 4 a-r , it w ; rreeta . Vyent ia them. Th;' a 1 rttl pals Co.., oll.4,t ven these assuran('( i I ha' hduld go ------- tpetition was star d ebut I am sine ti thet i h il1l afilittedl. I ts. Tbese 14 who wil il sigln lnhd h, tan ia tof 61, wile there art At first, ht rill Roomebersof the hol who arf dnetled. -oustoO ates for office, or are in. s 'is, ameputA t hat tthey cann:,ot i, wa atin ir le assured me tt n lother ori I'r Snst anf y olange. I a o o . a snoher oi lfngM.* that the first of next i-Yel wO fthm-an d. p iI Se Prefe 60 who have le'iA then!- and passed banst. Writ. to vote against any chlanga in i oe eslaw. think tli will set- Good Roa peii onwatntan e l ato R CO. ` ate of the measure." bealf of ussten, Ttxat state boar IER BURNED AT STAKE. state boar of Wealthy Louisiana Plant- state, Ro obtain r Get Terrible Vengeance. Catahou gchment UCharles La.--Tied to a tree slaught of ograph p elly cremated alive by his rewarded Copla wa the fate of Jahme per but 13 v CO, T n ealthy planter, it developed roads bill rSTO, T*ttl after he died. perkirS was Governor i part of searchers. ie WP ThoIpso .g atous and apparently dead in favor eadaches, orrible burns that had arre or stomach, . eh of his body. lie wf s re- Cha package of i .-to his home and for an in ew t d druggists Wlvt revived. He refused to tell alias 0. t .. of n the men who had burned ing use STON, TEXAS declaring he would live to avenge mail or teIatmenei He became t ncon- verticint i again, but just before he died whisky Pt the and attempted to tell the Orleans Rr of his persecutors. Death rained pella al should b evid~aence discoversed pesa at E. CO. ft death, it appears he wa; lees t' IF iton.,,Tex .Id by his enemies and bound Davids o Tstree a the thicket. Then hi false r " n" were saturated with oil and S i8 applied. Before the green Rice ueq w ere burned Perkina hat sus Bato SS a fatal scorching. s eeater Z t time ago Perkins had trouble fore t r atters. Parish otticlals hope tee, a owder arrests among them. per- an. an o -"p -was well kilown in western eLou- Hardtt of tse · kIri holdings and was wealthy. of t .dion'sbe vides eada et r HAS A LONG LEVEE LIeuE charg Stomdac . o o . agrice i C tg$5,000,000 Spent In the Last Two Years. Judge liT, xTe. Rouge.-The biennial report Plr board of state engineers has sait presented to the governor and (nal -E I i transmitted to the legisla- John I t fills nearly 150 pages and for KOl Nl E:Al the details of the levee mlnar W t4one in the state from April " )8, to April 20, 1910. o Ry report says that the contracts :i , Tex greements for levee work undert Vill "during the past two years by EFOR ie and the several levee dis- Ne ON with 45 contracts entered into :onlr011d 8to April 20, 1908, nnmbered 2: cr og the handling of 19,875.73:; his jards of earth and estimated to tw S l~$,722,0001.49. fro (SS CO. --do' Soent, Tras a SiiUWeeil Ravages Catahoula parish - arrfiaonburg.-The police jury, as oaiiod of reviewers, accepted the i i i4nmade out by C. C. Prichard. as S . The assessment of Catahoula m i- for 1910 is $2,070,000. On ac , lB-t of the boll weevil ravages, farm to t, aI assiments have b(een reduced BIel: t Tears Arm From Body. . el.-Forest Whichard was se * Wi-linjured by being caught in the 1ene belt at the plant of the Sal 4brc~ k & Lumber Company. His . :. ar: m was torn from the body Irthe left arm injured. Against Repeal of Locke Law. ( lW Iberla.-A number of taxpay Ctiii this city and parish met at Scity hall to protest against the ".. enaWt ror the repeal of the Locke Ij.ii ,.Resolutions were formulated of Sstronmgest character, declaring if ' is again established in New ql: S1S this community will oppose S. ta proposed for the e::l;oition i .representatives in the legisla S 1llbe asked to oppose the move and the governor to veto it Itt be passed. The resolutions Z, ' umerously signed. on, Tau . . ER BURNED AT STAKE. state boar ERl UN Atrol of Ih of Wealth Louisiana Plant- state, Rel r Get Terrible Vengeance. Catahoula nent Lab Charles, La.-Tied to a tree slaught of aph. Ctically cremated alive by his rewarded was the fate of Jame; Per but 13 vc TeE wealthy planter, it developed roads bill N, TEXAS after he died. Perkirs was Governor Sn a pine thicket near his home main adn es prtY of searchers. e W ThomSo iOus and apparently dead in favor Ldaches, hobrrible burns that had ccarred tomach, Inch of his body. lie w-ns re- Char kage of g to his home and for an in New ruggia - revived. He refused to tell alias 0. NTEXSes tof the men who had burned ing used N, TEXU declaring he would live to avenge mail ord moil or .ii treatment. He became Uncon- vertising oil or again, but just before hl dies whisky Se and attempted to tell the Orleans of his persecutors. Death raicned, uld . pella at uld be`a p evidence discovered about 500. T C. CO. death, it appears he wa.; leges t T f by his enemies and hound Davidso , T itree in the thicket. Then hi false r( were saturated with oil and 8kin .e applied. Before the green Rice ;.lr were burned Perkind had sus Batol uSe S fatal scorching. soilhW time ago Perkins nad trouble fore tl ý" Squatters. Parish otticials hope tee, at der arrests among t.hem. per- an, an dewas well known in western Iou- Hardtr me owr and eastern Texas. He had the ri he skin. nd holdings and was wealthy. of _ _vides t frm E HAS A LONG LEVEE LI'IE chargi tp. agrict eallt $5,000,000 Spent in the Last Two Years. Judge , Tex. Rouge.-The biennial report Pla board of state engineers has suit ;presented to the governor and 0o d N I ~ transmitted to the legisla- John It tills nearly 150 pages and for RK ill the details of the levee man p Rdone in the state from April 8, to April 20, 1910. o:Ofor < report says that the contracts Tit Texas greements for levee work under will during the past two years by ORE ite and the several levee dis- Ne N with 45 contracts entered into to April 20, 1908, nmnbered 239~ r rolf og the handling of 19,875.7: his Tyards of earth and estimated to two 14,722,0001.49. frol CO. ------ o , Texas ' b'Weeyll Ravages Catahoula parish -c 'Zatrisonburg.-The police jury, a° ,o1 btiarl d of reviewers, accepted the ý made out by C. C. Prichard, as :f ."... The assessment of Catahoula 'hi for 1910 is $2,070,000. On ac- pa IIi , tt of the boll weevil ravages, farm to "hid B M sments have been reduced Sderably.ed ".: "elt Tears Arm From Body. Well.-Forest Whichard was se , tjS. injured by being caught in the i , - citine belt at the plant of the Sal - ~ brick & Lumber Company. His i arm was torn from the body :i the left arm injured. SAgainst Repeal of Locke Law. [w Iberia.-A number of taxpay ot this city and pariah met at :i ti city hall to protest against the mada ent or the repeal of the Locke . . lt ,Resolutions were formulahed of S strongest character, declaring if , Is again established in New *, =4Bs this community will oppose *.tSZ proposed for the exprosition i representatives in the legisla $1! be asked to oppose the move Sand the governor to veto it I it be passed. The resolutions T . uIrmerously signed. DIED OF pELLAGRA. i ..er:- ; -,: :d P a p e T h o ,' h t H e H a d B e e r P y A Poisoned by Ac.;d. , , .t 't eJtu I i to intte 11r't , ,: ! 1.aI , ,; . i.hl . lt i a -t ' tll '' h al" , 1 Si ,I l dili, o W ( ltd hil ' "'O tli-i ' 1+ l r an at it] of t ill t ,Id, t.i- h etW t d tih e' ilhC tlo i , .- Tfee'yr aWd hiad t o 'an rr-tt 0 1 ito i .ot ) a nlo t l i'i ; oe part.` t -; f.el(, bhlIt iit w s 5 pilS t it 1 it Tl , " i. , all inrt l hi til n, l"paor fel totw It 1 at Itt dlh was:/. attp.a who was 40 is itt1 slit was b 1' tt " ! tl:t! I' ha d benn poisot ~riu (1r s Pb i T atl flted hit or nhie -tirns ag) t' tt mI t l sufferei frolyd with a Llmer of : e1 t A t n he fe d1tr, t w h t t i a ts h th 7 s o7,ter lili es S the nitat aborhoo, of th e ('it" park. T te i t, a ind e asked sif it theas den I m: -1t111 h was td , hu(d that it I Thtl ettt way rthrough w the 10 e Tlr" (ns ro \ , not h ort h e, Pap e eel-nt coin te or,, rlt i 11 fh ,e's illll ~is to,-. \ '" liwlh!e' , 1( I , o the 1h atnd et was aoray. iiSt ,re t ile ) rGlo d hitnl and his hutds weret t. p I t i1 t'etrti. but he sufter('e from a irr-l r n s i l tl s ato,i, n o<fe . a k i n g .t egh t y e a r s la n d a s p a r", ;lant- t;o a pimO h.iwed ure p oeiti hi left dcl'¢lopcd tbre a f,,,f, just above the big tom, clc ane to ,'es 4 t hdts d s eroughi the fobl). ,Tassi'elr" e 1 vi ett Pap1 e wont to he hornilal . i offe('c"l cd. It was a it. +.:t), I) 2` cl t:lne o hoe 111a o n ell li he was Ul o helle vtr e work. As his conlitioh bc,'(am' i ore the wv( rho, it was thought 1,e;t tlntt he I hay'` should go to the hospital aril re th e e main. In Feituary '.ast Pape was; (, wi titted. Tht e physicians sa'': tiltt tt a h ni he man wla. suffering flsrot (lda, . .f : and everything possnhie n a doneBs e cr are At first, balf of the left foot was ommended at is who tP ailitt at ed. That did not arrest the venison in th in uch disaSe. A part of thie right foot The flarvol ig I was. amputated, anid as the (1lie'tS( suggests u1111 hey will was eating upward, it was said that composition am tn Ca d another operation was to be per- venison roar wfk w o ed. I lowever, Pape became weak contain oner (. i thelt- and passed a ay. i per cent. of 2 per cent. wl l set- Gcod Roads Bill Passes the House. 70 per cent n aton Rouge.rTaking the floor :u tein and 5 behalf of his bill providing that the of mutton, )TAKE. state board of engineers assume con- protein and trot of the public highways of thei Tie get pehls and hel under ahi ast in the dem na Plant- state, Representative Thompson of and the de ae . Catahoula saved the bill from an on- production to a tree slaught of amendments, and was then the deer ive yr his rewarded by seeing the bill pass wit importance me hiPer but 13 votes against it. This good dant and deeeloped roads bill has the indorsement f in semi-do rkkir. was Governor Sanders and is one of the very extes ras home main administration measures. M er. e A tice was Thompson made an eloq'r^nt address The w-ne mtly dead in favor of the measure. It was one ad scarred C United St wterns reo- Charge Fraud Through Mall. ward to I for an in New Orleans.-Gerald C. Evans, river reg Ised to tell alias 0. C. Bailey, charged with hay United S Sto tell the Orleans frm Salt Lake City and r f oe had burned ing 00u t _a-l-,t city abydn- were the e to venge mail order fraud in th ity, lb e n ame n ncon- vers tsing 12 quarts of standard brand sthern " toorss eatlh raigned. before (tomNmissioner Mhe. pella and held under a bond of $2,- At te erred a bbolt o00. The warrant for his arrest al- in a ey atrs he wa; leges that he secured $5t from Jo . lowetoe and oound Davidson of Hamilton, Miss., by countr t. Thn hi s false representations. o otan re the green Rice Growers Get an oAmendment. lraI iinn hrl sus Baton Rouge.The rice planters e o a t soLr hwstern Louisiana appeared re- na a ouble fore the house conservation commit "tll lni otfcdlts hope tee, and as a result of taeir proteS u S*hem. Per- an.amendment was added to tlO T Ststern I.ou- Hardtner bill declaring the waters ofg Nation das. He had the rivers, lakes, etc., the propertY and e as wealthy of the state, whlch amtentidment pro- about. vides that the state shall assess no bands LEVEE L Ir E charge for the use of the water for Abu agricultural purposes. partia tIt n C t h euL a st l b y te . Judge schwlng Wins $50,000 Verdict ger t biiennl re port P1aquemlne.The Jury P in the libel in engineers ha+ suit of Judge C. .K. Schwig ior ~so,. vision governor and damages eagains t. Dunla and the a to the legisla- John J. Holtgreve rendered a verdict e 0 pag es ant for the full amount. The jury wa3 of the levee unanimous as to Dunlap, :hough some yond ate f rom April o s them wanted the amo rn reduced I 9910. :tome. They stood 11i to 1 against ader at the contras r Dunlap and Holtgrevo eand tt o o tr at s elio ve a e rlologi vee work under Till ask for an apel herd everal levee die- Negro Saves Two From Drowning. cts entered into Bocogaluosa.Diving into Bogalusa ranO Sing of 19,873:i creeli without taking thme to remove andneetimated to his clothing, a negro laborer saved soi red. two white boys, each '7 yarS o age, eat from drowning, after they had gone il ..own for the last time. Cat aho u l a p a r i sh e d a dard t s picee uthe, t" LOUISIANA ITEMS IN BRIEF. kuc C. Prichard as- The assesesment on holdings at 2ent of Catahoula marsh land companies in Terrebonne bul d.0ai,00. On e ac- parish has been increased tom 2C r. eil rages, farm eeagesmto p per acre. tbee an e A mass .mee tig at Letoi Pthe adop gu ed resolutions .Otestias against thge all FoByproposed taxation to build a $516,000 wl , From Body. levee in Rapides parish. se e flhat the Three negroaes were injured i a p e p lant of the Sal- sawmill boiler exploo at Frae iher Company. His liGeton. 1 e was eiw ho ad ni from the body The aldermen of therwood have ,on.tented to serve without pay. injured. e t he pipe line of the Standard Oill Company In oLest Baton Rouge par- n nube of raxpay- ish was assessed at $4,000 per mile. d aumber of t phpay- aMiss Carrie pritchard, charged with rrest aginih et ae killing Sam E. Ford at Pollock, was t reopehos e hc the o set free by the grand jury at Coloax. i weer fou to to o L. A. Smith was held to the grand aracter, declaring if jury at New August on the harg established in Ne w of whitecapping erated "t George Meyer was exon -munftv sill oppos k - --in for killing i. D. Fife, who ad sed. The resohltions ence, as the result of patroin a Ssigned.e. blnd tiger. I "R N f .."M I "] L1NAT D) STATS .. DX. LANTZ U.5 BIOLOGICAL SURVEY t he COsu / rteq for bin g in ] lI iht Io r . ; b 'Ic i ic ea r t itn i, tl iIv ' to , .s r" / r Vi'"r"r i'' n t' " eoEVERAI, s pcieS of deer are 1 hret.closures in te l Un id h G re- tates; the ai leer, t ler.i Japan ese aol1 I'O,'l fn sikash sb' ft of(rlienil T "peliallY ( ita sI the red anu t the fallow deer a Sthe e tR cyStt Mounitain elk, or at' deer. \Vhile exper'ime lts ' ha r-oal mlel offer every pl'Olflise u. rn lthat at1 O. li . pnher a re oe .A t t it t (' im Sw thast ico pos ' fo ofi succ p ssl n (n to he owners ofk "o ._ak o-ini on i irgitt e a l eer i are re-t y po ?ou th font 2s tew ommended as best adapted for the production of t th e venison in the Unit ate s tae. ro ae w a te rehei o floor i th in tandr in Otor 1" er t odifgs tcs ot The flavor of venison is d istinctive, though In o ;viteasl. suggests mutton rather than beef. In chemical be ! tit is c im ilar to beef. A lean d ucer, tio unr ('it." a thbefore cooking has been found to ese waeak contain on an average 75 per cent. of water, 20 preserves having a va per cent. of proteinof oruropeo l S materi al an tphr cent. of fat; a lean beef rmp, some 5 tog ouse. 70 per cent. of water, 20 to 23 per cent.lk, of pro i e erý. riety of fooil Cl nt or tein and 5 to 14 per cent. of fat; and a lean leg cl ovem on roen/1/prAtot. Fre aors and havin tins t ohe g Sai niso is so great /-/EM', on an equal W,, 1ipdmand for s it Stwdespfread that over-op e....,. ot best when freshly killed, but should be n ta s . ..... t efore it j- can be kep t on such a range as cattle o a e . .. ree. <.tthere shou:ld bfe thickets t ot The general popularitY of venison is so great production is improbable. The ot oner ' - the deer-skins and horns--are of considerable left hang importance and in countries where deer are abun- used. dant and especially where large herds are kept With I in semi-domestication, the commerce in both is doeestice very extensive. wealthy e The wapiti, known generally in America as the in raising elk, is, next to the moose, the largest of our deer. the care It was once abundant over the greater part of the castrated United States, whence its range extendednorth- able. S ward to about latitude 60 degrees in the Peace them out river region of the interior of Canada. Inthe and one United States the limits of its range eastward were abae were the Adirondacks, western New Jersey and A dehas i eastern pennsylvania; southward it reached the mal has Ssouthern Alleghenies, northern Texas, southern herdsit in cor New Mexico and Arizona; and westward the Pa- herds Unt chic ocean. cently < cAt the present time the elk are found only ofherds Sn a few scattered localities outside of the Yel- and rerd . lowtone National park and the mountainous as to Slcountryone rrounnal it, where large herds remain. raising by country surroundngo it, cessful Smaller herds still occur in Colorado ba, western ra Montana, Idaho, eastern Oregon, Manitoba, A t ra t. berta, British Columbia and the coast mountains nerativ t of Washington, Oregn and northwestrn Califor- m n a A bhand tof the small California valley elk One nit still inir bits the southern part of the San Joa- opedeO :esL quin valley. ment. tao The hIerds that summer in the Yellowstone ment of National prk and in winter spread southward paddo( oftY antion eastward in yomin are said to number mal d, pro- about .;0,000 head and constitute the only large the hT no bands of this noble game animal that are lefta T for Although protected in their summer ranges and by th partially saofegarded from destruction in winter of el by the state of wyoming. there is yet great dan- Sprin ct. ger that these herds may perish from lack of food 1 dictbel in a succession of severe winters. Partial pro- ample 50,- vision for winter forage has been made within with 0n the national park, but the supply is inadequate for The trdict the large numbers of animals. Further safeguards part wad are needed to place the Wyoming elk herds be- to a somr yond the reach of winter starvation. this o uCm y In addition to the wild herds there is a con- rest! in so siderable Inumber o elk in private game preserves the :gre v'; and parks, as well as in nearly all the public zo- Ina ological parks and gardens of this country. The are herds in captivity form the nucleus from which, higt ng under wise management, some of the former and lusa ranges of this animal may restocked and from Mr. o which a profitable business of growing elk venal- ing emav e son for market may be developed At the pres a ent time this species affords a most promisi equ gone field for ventures in breeding for profit. The elk is both a browsing and agrazng ani-been fro mal. While it eats grasses freel and has been fro IEF. known to subsist entirely upon pasture, t seems dr to prefer a mixture of grass and browse. ow igs of The elk is extremely polygamous. The adult rebonne bulls shed their antlers annually in March or om 2 April and new ones attain their full size in about 90 days. The "velvet" adheres until about Au e adopt- gust. While the horns are growing the bulls usu inst the ally lead solitary lives; but early n September. hi $516,000 when the horns are fully matured, the mating C season begins. Fights for supremacY then take ed i n a place and the victor takes charge of as many cows Frank- as he can round up and control. Altholtgh the elk is less prolific than the con )od have mon deer and some other sapecls tha have been ay. bred in parks, it increases fully aspdlY ai the ma idard Oil common red deer of Europe. Moreover, it pe areb uge p pr - up for any lack of fecundity by It superoenr hac per mile. diness and ease of managemen rged with climatized in many art ness whe world and hows ock, was the same vigor and hardiness whever t has at Colfax. been transplanted. In EuroPe it has been duc the grand cessfully crossed with the Altal wapiti and the he gharge g red deer and In both instances the ofspring we superior in size and stamilna to the native stock. Trated at The flesh of the elk, altough isomewhat core, ert nt faor Th at of the e, who ad- is superior in flavor tmostvenont h the Ire. bulls is in Its best condition about the times the ad killed velvet is shed. In October thei flesh Is In the , at C- pooreset codton. As the open season for elk ,i atnlar a.is usually in October and November and only bulls are killed, it follows that hunters often ob tain the veniSOn when it Is poorest- The meat left hanging for four or tive ua, -z. area of f seWith few exceptions the early attempts to enough to domesticate elk were made by men who were be supplel wealthy enough to disregard all thought of profit Except in raising them. They were usually placed under will keep the care of servants and the bucks were left un- and brow castrated until they became old and unmanageo vides oth able. Soon the serious problem of controlling isfactory. them outweighed the novelty of their possession ter fora and one by one the attempts at domestication best dry were abandoned. Elk A desire to preserve this important game ant- and less Smal has caused a renewal of attempts to breed escape I a it in confinement and at present there are small their catt herds under private ownership in many places in like catt the United States. The biological survey has re will con cently obtained much information from ownere The of herds in regard to their experience in breeding great. and rearing the animals and also their opinions or smal as to the possibility of making the business of cost, vs raising them profitable. Of about a dozen sue- animals cessful breeders nearly all are of the opinion The cessful that raising elk for market can be made remu- deer of neratve i present laws as to the sale of the meat dozen s olk are modified.ders, One especiallfed. mportant fact has been devel- except oped by the reports from breeders. It is that the Arizon elk readily adapts itself to almost any environ- is exti )ne ment. Even within the narrow confines of the ber of ard paddcks of the ordinary zoological park the ani- border ber mal does well and increases so that periodically In ,rge the herds have to be reduced by sales- ginta eft. The fullest reports that have been received the o and by the department of agriculture from breeders as to ater of elk are from George W. Rus of Eureka so uner dan- Springs, Ark. have range fod Mr. Russ has a herd of 34 elk. They have rangw pro- ample range in the Ozarks on rough land covered in wi hin with hardwood forests and abundant underbrush, or fe Sfor The animals improve the forest by clearing out othed lards part of the thicket. They feed on budsowth andleave on be- to a height of eight feet and any growth under they this is liable to be eliminated if the range is un- or t con- restricted. If not closely confined elk donoteat hrs erves the bark from trees nor do they eat evergreens. t c zo- In clearing out underbrush from thickets they that The are more useful than goats, since they browse acre vhich, higher. Goats, however, eat closer to the ground, of trmer and as the two animals get along well together to from Mr. Russ recommends the use of both for clear and veni- ing up brushy land and fitting itfor tame grasses les pres- The increase of elk under domestication is froe n rising equal to that of cattle. Fully 90 per cent. of the females produce healthy young. An adult male g ani- elk weighs from 700 to 1,000 pounds; a female ecc s been from 600 to 800 pounds. The percentage of cei seems dressed meat is greater than with cattle, but, re owing to hostile game laws, experience in mar- pre Sadult keting it is very limited. An offer of 40 cents a w rcch or pound for dressed meat was received from St. e a about Louis, but the laW would not permit its export. )ut Au- Mr. Russ says: i ls usu- "From the fact that as high as $1.50 a pound ac umember, has been paid for the meat in New York city and tr mating Canada and that the best hotels and restaurants en take pronounce it the finest of all the meats of lam- ti lny cows mals, we are of the opinion that itf laws were such that dome sticated elk meat could be fur- 5 he com- nished it would e many years before the supply v Lve been would make the price reasonable compared with as the other meats. Elk meat can be produced in many t makes sections of this country at less cost per pound baor hat- than beef, mutton or pork." been ac - Mr. Russ thinks that large areas of rough ad shows lands in the United States not now utilized, espe rr it has dally in localities like the Ozarks and the Alle been sue- ghenies, could be economically used to produce ind the venison for sale and he regards the elk as espe ring were clally suited for this purpose. eve stock. Another feature of Mr. Russ's report is of at coarse, more than passing interest. He thsays: atlme the "We find from long experience that cattle, im the sheep and goats can be grazed in the same lots n for el k with elk, providing, however, that the lots or nd only inclosures are not smal; the larger the area the sofen b- better- now of no more appropriate place to Teemmeat call attention tothe great benefit of few elk area of -air p "bLeLU bus u enough to furnish winter browse, but flo rage. be supplemented by a supply of winter forage. Except when deep snows cover the ground. elk will keep in good condition on ordinary pasture and browse, but a system of management that pro vides other food regularly will be found more sat isfactory. Hay and corn fodder are ecetllent wthn ter forage, but alfalfa hay has prov best dry food for both elk and deer. Elk are much less nervous than ordinary deer and less disposed to jump fences. When they escape from an enclosure they usually return of their own accord. If tame, they may be driven like cattle. Ordinarily a five-.foot fence of any kind will confine elk. The cost of e tock.ng an elk preserve is not great. Usually surplus stock from zoological parks or small private preserves may be obtained at low cost, varying with the immediate demand for the animals. The Virginia or whitetail deer is the common deer of the United States. Including the halt dozen geographic races that occur within our bor ders, it is distributed over most of the country, except Nevada and the major portions of Utah, e Arizona, Washington, Oregon and California. It L- is extinct in Delaware and practically so in a num be er of states in the middle west. South of our Sborders a number of closely related species occur. Ly In view of the wide natural range of the Vir ginia deer, its adaptability to nearly all sections of 'd the United States cannot be doubted. Testimony rs as to its hardiness in parks and preserves is not ka so unanimous as that concerning the elk; but the general experience of breeders is that with suitable ye range, plenty of good water and reasonable care ed in winter, raising this deer for stocking preserves he. or for venison may be made as profitable as any )ut other live-stock industry. Not only do deer thrive res on land unsuited for cattle or horses, but, like elk, ler they may be raised to great advantage itn brush un- or timbered pastures fully stocked with cattle or eat horses, as the food of deer rarely includes grass. ensa Advocates of the Angora goat industry state hey that within the United States there are 250,000,000 wse acres of land not suited to tillage or to the pasture md, of horses, cattle or sheep, which are well adapted her to goatss, Much of this land is suited also to deer ear- and elk and can be utilized for these animals with ises. less Injury to the forest cover than would result a Is from browsing by goats. the Virginia deer have often been bred in parks for male pleasure or in large preserves for sport, but the male economic pssibilities in raising them have re eof eived little attention. Recently breeders have but, recognized the aact that they are profitable under mar- proper -mnagement and would be much more so tts a were conditions for marketing live animals and a St. venison more favorable. oport. The chief obstacle to profitable propagation of deer in the United States is the restrictive char pound acter of state laws governing the killing, sale and y and transportation of game. Many of the states, fol grants lowing precedent, lay down the broad rule that all mfam- the game animals in the state, whether resident or were migratory, are the property of the state. A few Sur- states except game animals that are "under pri supply vate ownership legally acquired." d with The laws concerning the season for kllalns Smany and the sale of deer are often equally embarrass poun d ing to those who would produce venison for profit The owner of domesticated deer cannot legally kill rough his animals except in open season. d, espe- Instead of hampering breeders by restrictions, me Alle- as at present, state laws should be so modified as produce to encourage the raising of deer, elk and other s espe- animals as a source of profit to the individual and to the state.slatio t is of It is believed that with avoable led gislateio much otherwise waste land in the United States cattle, may be utilized for the production of venison so me lot s as to yield profitable returns and also that this lots or excellent and nutritious meat, instead of being area the denied to 99 per cent. of the population of the placeto country may become as common and as cheap a £fw elk our markets aS mutton.