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HUERTA WILLING TO HAVE PEACE
Pressure From Germany, Great Britain, France, Chile, Brazil and Argen tina, Advising Huerta to Accept Has Its Effect. OLD GLORY FLOATS OVER VERA CRUZ General Funston Arrives With His Army-- Refugees at Galveston By the Thou sands---Getting Americans Out 01 Mexico. Washington.--The tenseness of the Mexican situation was distinctly re lieved Tuesday when the representa tives of Argentina, Brazil and Chile, supported by pressure from all Latin America and from the foremost powers of Europe, concentrated their efforts toward a pacific adjustment of the crisis. The success of the first steps to ward mediation--the prompt accept ance by the United States and the an nouncement of the Spanish ambassa dor that Huerta had accepted the ten der of good offices-produced a feel ing of distinct hope, which was reflect ed not only in administration quarters, but in congress, where "war talk" gave way to a spirit of conciliation. The three South American envoys who have undertaken the task of me diation have arranged the prelimi narles of procedure. Pending the re ceipt of the formal .acceptance by tIuerta, no proposals will be submitted to either the United States or the Huerta government. It also has been made plain that no condition from either party as to the terms that will be acceptable has yet been placed for mally before the intermediaries. The president and Secretary Bryan were assured through two separate diplomatic sources that General Huer ta was ready to accept the tender of good offices and was drafting a for mal acceptance. Pressure from Ger many, Great Britain and France advis ing Huerta to accept the first steps toward mediation and the approving attitude of Latin American countries to the settlement of the controversy by Pan-American diplomacy empha sized the worldwide influences which are working to bring about peace. Meanwhile the navy and War depart ments are continuing their efforts to care for refugees and perfecting the machinery of the army and navy for any unexpected turn in events. Elimination of Huerta Necessary. The attitude of the administration long has been established that elimi nation of Huerta was an essential to any final settlement of the Mexican problem. This view was reiterated as recently as Saturday at the White House, when senators and representa tives were consulted as to the prp posal of good offices. But while main taining this view as to what would ultimately be essential to a real set tlement, there has been no formal submission of such a condition to the envoys now intrusted with the work of conciliation. While the Latin American envoys bend their energies toward negotla tions for peace, the war and navy de partments are directing their activi ties toward bringing Americans out of Mexico and to the transfer of the sit uation at Vera Cruz from the navy to the army with the arrival Monday of Brigadier General Funston and his army brigade from Galvestbn. Arrangements are completed for getting all Americans out of the City of Me.ico and Admiral Badger re ported plans for resuming train serv ice between City of Mexico and Vera Cruz. Refugees were reported safe lat Tampico, Puerto Mexico and other east coast points. Arrangements are being made to get them to Galveston. Admiral Howard on the west coast reported the monitor Cheyenne at San Diego with refugees from Ensenada. Washington.-A valuable feature o1 the pending mediation program, an nounced by President Wilson Sunday through the state department, is the expression of this government's will ingness to adjust its differences with General Huerta, and the implied no tice to all Latin-America that the gov ernment has no designs upon their territory, and also.that there is no de sire for territorial acquisition conceal ed behind the armed movement thus far made. Spanish Ambassador Riano an nounced Sunday that he had received private advices from the City of Mex ico stating that General Hluerta had accepted the offer of Argentina, Brazil and ('hile to use their good offices to bring about an amicable settlement of the difficulty between the United States and Mexico. This information, though unofficial, was accepted as authentic by the am bassador. President Wilson's acceptance of tie good offices of Brazil, Argentina and Chile to compose the Mexican conflict has centered the attention of international authorities on just what the procedure will be and what "good offices:' are under the practice of na tions. The tender of the South American envoys speaks of good offices and the reply of the United States govern ment makes reference to intermedia tion. John Bassett Moore, former counsel lor of the state department, and an authority on international law points, points out a distinction between the case of good offices and mediation, and says: "The demand of good offices or their acceptance does not confer the right of mediating." John Hay's Interpellation. John Hay, when secretary of state, "aid: "The phrase good offices, being somewhat elastic, should be confined to two contingencies. In its first sense it corresponds to the French term 'officioux.' In its second sense it is allied to arbitral intermediation as an impartial adviser of the parties, and not only implies but requires the assent of both parties, and oftener a spontaneous invitation from each." The Hague convention uses the two terms good offices and mediation in terchangeably. The Hague provisions follow: Article 2. In case of serious dis agreement or conflict, before an ap peal to arms, the signatory powers agree to have recourse as far a cir cumstances allow to the good offices or mediation of one or more friendly powers. Article 3. Independently of this re course, the signatory powers recom mend that one or more powers, strang ers to the dispute, should, on their own initiative and as far as circum stances may allow, offer their good offices, or mediation, to the states at variance. Powers strangers to the dispute have the right to offer their good of fices or mediation even during the course, of hostilities. Mobilization Need Not Stop. The Hague convention also provides that "the acceptance of mediation can not, unless there be agreement to the contrary, have the effort of interrupt ing, delaying or hindering mobiliza tion or other measures of preparation for war. "If mediation occurs after the com mencement of hostilities it causes no interruption to the military operations in progress, unless there may be an agreement to the contrary." Most of the precedents of good of fices and mediation are those in which established governments are concern ed and to what extent the practice would apply to a de facto government is not clear. One of the precedents on good of fices was during the Cleveland admin istration and involved Mexico. At that time Secretary Bayard tendered to Mexico the good offices of the United States in settling the conflict between Mexico and Guatemala. Refugees at Galveston, Total arrivals in Galveston since President Wilson instructed Ad miral Fletcher to enforce de mand that stars and stripes be saluted in apology for arrest of malnes at Tampico .........2,206 Released from quarantine and landed at docks.............. 94 On board ship under observation by health officers.............1,112 Estimated number yet to arrlve.1,A00 Arrivals in port Sunday Battleship Connecticut ...... 490 Destroyer tender Dixie ....... 570 Immigration officials are prepared to receive refugees and furnish same with tickets to their homes. Announcement made that quaran tine regulations against Mexico are being enfo'ced alike at all United States ports-six days' observation from time of embarkation. Arrived Monday Gasoline launch from Tampico with ......................... 7 Steamship Alabama from Vera Cruz with ................... 2 Steamship City of Tampico with. 15 Total arrivals to date.....,,...,. 2,233 Released from quarantine, steam ship Trinidadian with......... 364 GENERAL HUERTA VM e. ý Vera Cruz Under Martial Law. Vera Cruz.-Vera Cruz is now under martial law. More than thirty Ameri cans-men, women and children were taken from a train at Aguasca lientes and imprisoned in the smelter there, according to advices received Sunday. Among them was Gaston Schutz, United States consul at Aguascalientes. Some of the others are: Miss Kay, matron at Aguascalientes hotel; Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Culver, Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Peyton and their two children; Mrs. H. Riehlmann and four children; Mrs. Schutz, wife of the American consul; C. L. Baker, general manager of the American Smelting and Refin ing Company; E. H. Hearn, H. D. Wilde, Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Harroun and their daughter, F. H. McAuley, Mr. Patridge, C. F. Lucas, J. I. Hen derson, Mrs. A. B. Emery, Walter Eikel, A. W. Ochs, W. H. Hendrick son of the Lafe Mining Company, Mr. Kenyon, Mr. and Mrs. H. F. Lee, H. H. Hollingsworth and wife, P. W. Jones and Mr. Sorrell. Drunken Mob Enters Train. A drunken mob at Encarnacion en tered the train and ordered all Ameri cans out of the cars, declaring they were to be killed. While parleying with the drunken mob, a small party of Mexican soldiers appeared. Their officers protested against the sum mary execution of' the Americans and had them taken to Aguascalientes, where American Consul Schutz, Rail way Superintendent Thomas and a number of railway employes were add ed to the number of captives, all of whom were locked in the smelter. Prominent Americans Under Arrest. J. K. M. Van Zant, president of the American Club, with other officers and the trustees of the club, are un der arrest in the City of Mexico, ac cording to news reaching Vera Cruz. Among thise detained are M. C. H. Agramonte, a civil war general; W. L. Vail, J. B. Buchanan, William A. Parker, C. G. Ray, E. Marr and Chas. Yaeger, the club manager, who also is a veteran of the American civil war. All officials of the American Mer cantile Banking Company and the lexico City Banking Company also are in custody in the capital. The officers of the banks were arrested because they refused to contribute money to the Mexican government. The American grocery was burned and an attempt made to fire the American Club. Three other American stores were looted. Handbills urging the pop ulace to burn American business houses are being circulated in the capital. A number of American women in the City of Mexico who otherwise might have come to Vera Cruz on the refugee train refused to leave their husbands. The order to leave- Mexico appears not to have applied to them. Proof that General Huerta regards his country at war with the United States is contained in the note sent by Foreign Minister Rojas to Nelson )'Shaughnessy ordering the American °harge d'affaires from the country. The note says: "According to international law, acts )f armed forces of the United States, which I do not Care to qualify in this iote out of deference to the fact that your honor personally has observed .oward the Mexican people and gov. srnment a most strictly correct con luct so far as has been possible to you •n your character as the representa :ive of a government with which such ierious difficulties as those existing ave arisen, must be considered as an nitiation of war against Mexico." American Consul Jailed. Washington.-United States Consul 3eneral Philip C. Hanna, at Monterey, eported to Secretary Bryan Sunday hat he had been humiliated and laced in jail by Mexican federal of. icials on April 22, and left behind the ars until released two days later by he constitutionalists when they cap. ured the city. Mr. Hanna's message . Secretary Bryan was dispatched 'roe Monterey. The secretary took it o the White House at once, and it ras the subject of a long conference etween him and President WllRnn. Raising Flag at Vera Cruz. Vera Cruz.-With all ceremony, the firing of a salute and dress parade, the United States flag was raised Monday over the division headquar ters of Rear Admiral Frank F. Fletch er. Over the custom house the flag has been flying since the landing of American forces, but until now there has been no ceremony following the formal occupation of \'era Cruz. The transports from Galveston, w'ith Brigadier General Funston's conimmand aboard, arrived Monday. Report City of Mexico Is Quiet. London.-According to news Mon day, all is quiet in City of Mexico. The American ambassador, Walter iH. Page, Monday informed Sir Edward Grey with reference to inquiries from British shippers that no war or block. ade exists in Mexico and that mer chandise shipped to Mexican ports will be allowed to enter without hindrance on the part of the United States. He added, however, that if military op. erations are in progress at the port on the arrival of the vessels they will enter at their own risk. Says Let Porfirio Diaz Do It. Paris.---General Rafael Reyes, for mer president of the republic of Co. lombia, Monday sent th( following cablegram to President Wilson, Pro. visional President H-uerta, Venustiano Carranza and Francisco Villa: "The cause of America and human ity obliges me to indicate to you how urgent it is to have recourse to the undoubted moral authority of the great Porfirio Diaz in solving the pres ent crisis. "I proposed this last year at Havana and the principal chiefs had accepted it before the assassination of Presi dent Madero. "The hour has struck to save Mex ico in this way." Soldiers Mobilized on Border. Brownsville, Tex.-Within a stone's throw of the Rio Grande, the United States and Mexican border, a regi. ment of the Texas National Guard and two squadrons of United States cay alry are now encamped. The mobilization of a provisional regiment of the state guard, ordered by Governor O. B. Colquitt last Thurs day, was completed Sunday with the arrival of Company F. Fourth Infan try, of Crowell and the Dallas battery of artillery. A detachment of the hospital corps also has established camp. Colonel A. W. Blower of Austin re ported to the mobilization camp and assumed command of the Texas Na tional Guard provisional regiment, re lieving Captain L. H. Younger of Aus tin. The state troops are .encamped on Ufited States government ground adjoining old Fort Brown on the south, a small late separating the camping grounds of the state and federal troops. The latter are encamped in Fort Brown proper. There are approximately 1,000 men in the provisional regiment there, and with the United States troops gives Brownsville about 1,500 soldiers. The federal troops include Troops A, C, D, L and M of the Third Regi ment, and a machine gun platoon of the same regiment, commanded by Major Sedgwick Rice. Embargo on Arms Restored. Washington.-United States troops moved Thursday to reinforce the American navy at Vera Cruz and the embargo on arms into Mexico was formally restored and troops were or dered to the Mexican border primarily to relieve uneasiness among border residents, but also as a precaution against hostile military operations along the international line. The restoration of the embargo on arms was officially announced after the pronouncement of General Car. ranza, the constitutionalist chief, that he regarded the seizure of Vera Cruz as a violation of Mexican sovereignty had been considered by the adminis tration. While Mexican constitution. alists protested that Carranza's real attitude was friendly, the American government decided to take no chances and abruptly stopped the shipment of arms into Mexico. President Wilson issued a statement warning General Carranza, the consti tutionalist chief, that the United States was dealing now and would continue to deal with those whom Huerta commands "and those who come to his support." Both Nelson O'Shaughnessy, the American charge d'affaires, and Senor Algara, the charge d'affaires of the Mexican embassy, have been givena their passports. This is not regard. ed by the Washington government as presaging war, .but a declaration of I war by Huerta would not be unex i pected. What Villa Says. El -Paso, Tex.--General Francisco Villa, head of the rebel military forces, informed George C. Carothers, special agent of 'the state department, that he a will decline to be dragged into a war with the United States by anybody. e "Why," he smiled, as he threw an p arm about the broad shoulders of the i government agent, "all Europe would , laugh at us if we went to war with t you. They would say that 'little drunkard Huerta has drawn them into a tfngle at lasnt." NO RECOGNITION OF CARRANZA PROPOSED PRESIDENT WILSON DEMANDS RESPECT OF UNITED STATES' DIGNITY BY BOTH SIDES. NOT IN WAR WITH MEXICO Huerta to Be Dealt With Where His Troops Control Territory; to Deal With Carranza Where Consti tutionalist Colors Fly. Washington.-After issuing a state ment declaring the intention of the United States to enforce reparation "whenever and wherever the dignity of the United States is flouted," Pres ident Wilson is exerting all energies of the administration in planning for operations in Mexico. The presr dent's statement, issued after a cabi net conferense in reply to the mess age received from the constitutionalist chief, Carranza, declared that "we are now dealing only with those whom Huerta commands and those who come to hi support." VENUSlIANO CARRANZA :::·(U * . *~ jj: 2 $ .:~ i ·¼ 4% ~ i The White House statement was is sued to inform General Carranza that the United States could not recognize him or seek reparation from him as he requested, but must deal with the authorities in control of the territory where offenses were committed. This has been the consistent course of the present Washington government. President Wilson's comment on the Carranza statement follows: "I wish to reiterate with the greatest earnest ness the desire and intention of this government to respect in every pos sible way the sovereignty and inde pendence of Mexico. "The feeling and intention of the government in this matter are not based upon politics. They go much deeper than that. They are based upon .a genuine friendship for the Mexican people and a profound interest in the re-establishment of their constitution al system. "Whatever unhappy circumstances or necessities may arise, this object will be held steadily in view and pur sued with consistent purpose, so far as this government is concerned. "But we are dealing 'with facts. Wherever and whenever the dignity of the United States is flouted, its International rights or the rights of its citizens invaded, or its influence rebuffed where it has the right to at tempt to exercise it, this government must deal with those actually in con trol. No State of War With Mexico. "It is now dealing with General Huerta in the territory he now con trols. That he' does not rightfully control it does not alter the faot that he does control it. We are dealing, moreover, only with those whom he commands and those who come to his support. With these we must deal. They do not lawfully represent the people of Mexico. In that fact we re joice, because our quarrel is not with the Mexican people, and we do not desire to dictate their affairs. But we must enforce our rightful demands upon those whom the existing authori ties at the place where we act do, for the time being, represent." Algera Given His Passports. Senora A. Algara y De Terreros, the charge of the Mexican embassy, who was handed his passports by Secre tary Bryan Thursday, left Washington Thursday night for Toronto, Canada, accompanied by Chief Flynn of the United States secret service. At least one other secret service man went with the chief, and it is un derstood that they will see the charge safely to the Canadian border. Extraordinary precautions were taken to guard against the possibility of harm befalling the Mexican diplo mat. He was escorted to the union station and was in his sleeping car before attendants at the station learn ed of his presence. Every traveler passing through the gates to the trains was carefully observed and the Span ish ambassador and Senora Riano had to. identify themselves and submit a formal request before they could reach Senor Algara to say good-bye. Vera Cruz.-Seven political prison ers were released Monday from the San Juan de Uloa fortress, where they had been confined by President Huer ta without trial. Some had been in the prison for nearly a year. Among those released was Fernandino Igle sias Calderon, formerly leader of the liberal party, arrested Feb. 16 after the discovery of an alleged plot in the capital' in which it was claimed Calderon was involved. Against two no charges had been made. Another was a law clerk who had the misfor tune to be a relative of a rebel leader. PREPARING FOR WAR. Washington.-Hope for peace yet no slackening in preparations for war-is the spirit the United States now in the Mexican crisis. President Wilson, hopeful, though not confident that war may be averted through the efforts of Ar gentina, Brazil and Chile, is ap proving orders for the joint juris diction of the army and navy over Vera Cruz and vicinity whP. Brig adier General Funston's army will reinforce Admiral Fletcher's forces. Throw away y0 washboard-it ru' your clothes-it you a backache to l at it. Use RUB-NO.M CARBO NAPTHA No rubbing requ' Clothes on the 1 quickly-fresh, sw and clean. RUB NO. CARBO N? SOAP shoul4 used freely washing the fabric, It dol harm to it X1E needsnohot Carbo Disinfects NapthaCI RUB-NO-MORE RUB-NO. Carbo Naptha Soap Washing p1 Five Cents-All Grocer, The Rub-No-More Co., Ft.Wa, Her Experience, Ethel-Man proposes Marie-Yes, but he needs en agement.-Boston Evening Tran SHE OFTEN PRAYED TO But Friend Comes to Rescue With Sound Advice,which was Folio, with Gratifying Results, Nettleton, Ark.-"My troubles back five years," says Mrs. Bentley, of this town. 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