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FIGHTING HAS BEEN
SEVERE IN FRANCE THE ITALIAN CABINET WILL NOT BE CHANGED. AS PREMIER SALANDRA WILL REMAIN. A REVOYDLUTION IN PORTUGAL The Success of the Revolutionary Forces in Portugal Has Been Con firmed-The Insurgents and Royalists Battle. Latest News From the Front. The southern end of the British line, which extends from above Ypres in Flanders to below Labassee, joining the French front north of Ar ras, has been Engaged in heavy fight ing and the JBritish troops have, ac corlding to official statements front both British and French war offices, gaiid marked success a gain.,t iho Germans, whose line has been brohe n over the greater part of a two-nmile front. N irth of Arras the 'ren;ic troops have bhen carrying out. a serbs of ac tioni with thI object ofi qtrut h an ing their front, wl in in iuui pa oe the French claim to has ac us tL ciii pletely d struyd:i eight iC rioe. i coin panies th ich chiariged the fir t line of 'rench trenoches after the explo sion: of a mine. At this point the Germans were successful for a period, but two coun ter tattacks with bayonet and hand grendde'- resulted in the retaking of the 'point by the French, who later couhtted 1,000 German dead. The en tire' fective force of the Germans eng ged in this operation, the French assert, who were either killed or made prise rs. In the East the Russians are pre parrtg for their stand on the River San., Heavy reinforcements are be lieved to have reached that section and' thp retreat of the Russian army, which was characterized by reserve rear, guard actions, is thought to be ended, temporarily at least. The situation in Italy has taken on a more definite aspect, as Premier Salandra and his cabinet have return ed to power. The popular excitement which was aroused by the resigna tion of Salandra has subsided. News that King Victor Emmanuel ,will not accept Premier Salandra's resignation, and that Salandra and Baron Sonnino, the foreign minister, will remain in power, spread like wildfire throughout Rome Friday. A riotous crowd during the day in vaded the Piazza Montecitorio, in which the chamber of deputies is lo cated, and smashed windows and doors and destroyed everything it came across. linfantry and even cavalrymen and artillerymen charged the procession and closed the streets leading to the Villa Ada. The mob, however, pro ceeded to force the closing of all Ger man shops, placarding them with signs reading "Closed as a national protest." Italy is reported to have 1,700,000 soldiers ready for war if war should come. There are reported clashes be Austrian and Italian troops on ontier. announcement that the insur on at Lisbon had been crushed apparently premature, as latest laos from the Portugese capital in cate a state of anarchy and fight In the streets and that large revo utionary forces are preparing to storm Lisbon... The British battleship Goliath has been torpedoed in the Dardanelles. It is claimed 500 lives have been lost. Announcement of the loss of the Go liaai was made in the house of com mons Thursday by Winston Spencer Chyrchill, first lord of the admiralty of England. ir. Churchill, on announcing the los) of the Goliath, said: 'hhe Gollath was torpedged last night in a torpedo attack by destroy ers while protecting the French flank just inside the straits. 'Twenty officers and 160 men were sa0d, which, I feel, means that over ify hundred were lost." )L. Churchill also announced that th British submarine E-14 had pene trared througa the Dardanelles and Int) the Sea of Marmora, sinking two Ttiikish gunboats and a Turkish trans port. I he German war office at Berlin an ounced Thursday that in the re cetih. fighting in Galicia and Russian Polnd 143,500 Russians had been cagured. It also stated that sixty. nine cannon and 255 machine guns had been taken from the Russians and that the victorious Austrian and Getman forces, continuing their ad vapce eastward in Galicia, are ap prnaching the fortress of Przemysl. B0ie successes on the western front ar4 reported, but It is conceded that at ther points the allies were able to mt e headway. or five days one of the greatest bakies of the war has been on in Fl1hders and the north of France. Yges and Arras have been the cen teo of this concerted movement w kph was begun by the Germans in antcipation of a British attack last Saturday. The French further to the asoh wasted no time in opening on thw German lines with thoir artillery and later in hand to hani combats gained a very conslderuble amount of ground, most of which, according to their official report, they still hold. AMERICAN NOTE TO GERMAN GOVERNMENT U. S. NOTE DEMANDS GUARANTEE THAT NO FURTHER ATTACKS BE MADE BY SUBMARINES. LOSS OF AMERICAN LIVES Note informs German Government That the Sinking of Lusltania is Considered Violation of Amer ican Rights in Sea War Zone Washington.-The United States, in a note sent to Germany Thursday, de inands a guarantee that there will be no further attacks by submarines on merchant ships carrying noncombat ants. It serves notice also that fu'l reparationl will be sought for the loss of more than one hundred American lives in the sinking of the Lusitania and for other violations of American rights in the sea zones of war. While no indication is given of the steps to be taken by the United States in the event of an unfavorable reply, the note informs the Germian govern ment that the American government will leave nothing unaiolne, either in dipliunatic represeniltations or other action, to obtain a coniplianee with its request. The principal points in the note suilstau i!tily are as follows: 1. The United Strtes government calls attention to the various inci dents in the war zone proclaimed by Germany around the British Isles; the sinking of the British liner Falaba with the loss of Leon C. Thresher, an American; the attack by German air men on the steamer Cushing; the4tor pedoing without warning of the Amer ican steamer Gulflight, flying the stars and stripes; and finally the torpedo, ing without warning of the Lusitania with its loss of more than a thousand lives of noncombatants, among them more than one hundred Americans. 2. These acts are declared to be indefensible under international law. The United States points out that it never admitted Germany's right to do them and warned the imperial gov. ernment that it would be Leld to a "strict accountability" for attacks on American vessels or lives. A strict accounting therefore is now asked from Germany. 3. The usual financial reparation will be sought, although Germany is in effect reminded that no reparation can restore the lives of those sacri ficed in the sinking of the Lusitania and other ships. 4. Expressions of regret may com ply with the legal precedents, but they are valueless unless accompanied by a cessation of the practices endanger ing lives of noncombatants. 5. The right of neutrals to travel to any point of the high seas on neu tral or belligerent merchantmen is as serted. 6. In the name of humanity and in ternational law the United States de mands a guarantee that these rights will be respected and that there be no repetition of the attacks on mer chantmen carrying noncombatants. 7. The giving of warning to the American public without officially communicating them to the United States government is commented on in cpnnection with the German em bassy's printed advertisements before the sailing of the Lusitania, but irre spective of the failure to advise to the American government of Germany's purpose, the point is made that no tice of an intention to do an unlawful act neither justifies nor legalizes it. 8. The suggestion is conveyed that the German government of course could not have intended to destroy in nocent lives and that consequently the German submarine commanders must have misunderstood their in structions. The American government indicates its hope that this will be found to be true and a cessation of the unlawful practices thereby will result. 9. In conclusion Germany's atten tion is called to the earnestness of the government and people of the United States in this situation. It is made plain that the United States will leave nothing undone either in diplomatic representation or other action to ob tain a compliance by Germany to the request made. The note throughout is couched in friendly tones, but is unmistakably firm. Texas Mill Makes Cotton Sack. Austin, Tex.-The warehouse and co-operative marketing department is in receipt of a cotton oats sack made by a manufacturing company of Waco, such sack being woven by a Texas cotton mill using exclusively Texas cotton, Texas capital and -labor. Brigadler General Passes Away. Washington. - Brigadier General William H. Forwood, United States army, retired, died Wednesday, aged 76 years. Dallas Man Elec4ed to Office. Chicago, Ill.-S. 2. McKelvie, Lin. coin, Neb., was elected president, and F. P. Holland, Jr., Dallas, Texas, vice president of the Associated Farm Papers, which met Wednesday in an nual convention. Nacogdoches School Burns. Nncogdoches, Tex.- -The high school building at Nacogdchiles was burned WVednesday. The building was totally destroyed and most (i contents. The loss is about $10,000. NIGHTMARE 1mom 1 I' I i 1, !II I -. I; l I ý I I .> 1 : I 1; tip N Yp ` I II p. ; ýI, ýIý' I I'iý ilj, iý,ý" , j i "I i:lIi ^I II I" I ~ ~ c I ~· i~jj/f j II Ii i; 1 ATTORNEY GENERAL CHANGED RULING ON PURE FOOD FEES Corrects First Decision on Focd and Drug Fees-The Opinion Given in Full. Austin, Tex.-The attorney gen eral's department, in an opinion Thursday rendered the dairy and food commissioner, corrected a former opinion of the department that "all persons who shall bring or ship or cause to be brought or ship ped, into the state and offer for sale in the state, articles of food or drugs shall register and pay the fee." The opinion rendered holds, in substance, as follows: "It is our opinion that the phrase 'all such persons as shall bring into and offer for sale within the state any article of food or drug' relates to manufacturers. We arrived at this concltoin partly on the ground that theraiteuld have been no reason to require the merchant whio brought in at some time during the year some article of food to pay the tax and to register his name with the food and drug commissioner. There would, howqver, be good reason to require all manyfacturers of food and drugs to register their names with the food and drug commissioner for the reason that if some of their products should be fiih P to 'be impure or not properly matfictired, then the matter could be keni up directly with the manu tactQi'r. 'We think it clear that this provision was not intended as a reve nue measure, and if not a revenue meas'ure then the prime object must have been to furnish data to the food and drug comnmissioner, which data would enable him the better to per form -11is duties. "We ,a .e, therefore, of the opinion that'imanufacturers of foods and drugs doing business in the State of Texas should be required tp pay the registra tion fee.of $1 and.. all such persons (manufacturers) as. shalj, bring .intc and.offer fo; sale.wJth .,thq.state any article, of ,fobd.or.iug. sbou b ba. reg istered;-.that4ealers.wo.41 not Ia-.n ufacture either, food.oa dasmg, but.&ij ply..urdpn ar t., of the. afitile$ - tmYý selL.-fromw,twiioutt the,,tafe, a;4 not. required rto .ay.-th4o regis atio( ,qe Imeraendi n tuirireBMV*,BIrsyddl rlat ." Wgshipton.-At h9 o= J:'7*0f~-1L'1 $8,8$0,.793, :i 18 8r cht~trel stiil:Pitb Wd· .gn .Sq &:FlR'~ · but.,the pa!oggi9 va e4 l 4 i thersrd- qf ". t nRta t ;Rf Al returned. Texas bgSIj .atg*I@ a4 7 gOyiB phfi4P 1 Cpo$%**9bCI (ff 19UIRW~ thaspalay-( ýike ttale- 1 O Igp baq~t)4?pry:l)474014ctkY Cr~; belgag $90,950. Arkansas banks hqipl et;l Mtanta , --L0 . rnr a tenced to be hanged on Tuesday, 22, for the murder of Mary fliitlR;' a factory girl. Sentence was passed by Judge Ben H. Hill of ·the Jp~toq county superiei court Molnlayjrurgar, Phagan was killed on Aprll'-26, 1Q1,3L. Before sentence was pronoujged; Frank made a statement to the court, reiterating his declarations of Inno cence. Texas Team Loses Tennis Title. New Orleans, La.-Tulane Univer sity Wednesday won the doubles title in the Southern' Intercqllegiate Ath letic Association tennis tournament, Douglas, Watters and Henry Bruns defeating H. Broad and Gillespie Stacy of the University of Texas, three out of four sets in the finals. Tulane won the first two sets, 6-4, 6-4, but lost the third, 8-10. Contracts fow Navy Dirigible. Washington.-Construction of the navy's first dirigible was authorized Friday by Secretary Daniels, who awarded the contract tb the Connecti cut Air Craft Company of New'Haven on a bid of $45,636. Texan Appointi'd to West Point. Washington. - Representative Eu gene Black of Texas has appointed Ed ward R. Keasler of Sulphur Springs as cadet to Wes' Point Military Acad amy. MiON HIAS NO INFLUENCE OVER GROWING OF CROPS Experiments by Department of Agri" cutture Show That LicJht From Lunar Ors Cannot Affect Plants. \Vashington-The department of a= ricultare has smnasihed another tra'di tion by declaring that fromn a scienti fic standpoint the moon Ins no more to do with the growing of crops than it has upon the temperature, the amount of rain, the wind or any other element of weather. This will be a severe blow to those who have be lieved that potatoes in order to be a successful crop should be planted dur ing certain phases of the moon, or that garden truck flourishes more readily under moon influence when planted right. The department points out r that growth of plants depends upon the amount of food in the soil and in the air that is available for them, and upon temperature, light and moisture. The moon gives no virility to soil, neither does it affect the composition of atmosphere, hence the only. e, , - ing way by which it coildinfllence plant growth is by its lighta cpreri ments have shown that-full daylight is about 600,000 timcs brighter than. full moonlight, yet when a plhnt gets one one-hundredth part of normal day light it thrives little bletter then in - total darkness. If one one-hundredth. part of normal daylight is too. little to, stimulate a plant, the lepartmnt says that it is certain that one si; hunqred thousandth part would impart no ben etit at all. It is added that it is a waste of time to thihk'abdiit The tnl66n in this connectioti'WIth the planiting of crops, since it 1ratnib mfore to do with this than it hkr rittths building of fences, the time for killing hogs; or any other of, the inndimrable things over which it was once supposed to have strong in Itlencb . ' , ' lPosition of the deIartment does not disturb' the scleitific fact that the mbon "iffeits' the' odCeAt tides, and mniy Will tottthUa' to believe that -it pesbaes ral " br dotitht, 'since- there Is liafdly t1otbbffrtlt' 'ih 'thdilnited `Mates that does not hold a theotiy a1 oil64 fib'" bl K"illty-" utoin: * * ? IlPal kupet -flj- 41ceeeorrepIt res.. rto thxi ritrr . ieaRb- W4leen...ta u e his best-!ýeff ti .tW" r aintain- in. " latae tbe.'tfeetrality-of the-united TS atop:wras:tro.ted"-'lown- by -the lower 'h fl a tf-the:iFloridai legelature 'Wed. t ufla jt keIThrTes4lutie -passbd " the h ` " "t ffcl aieled by Btyan. S" " ecretagry of State it apjhi ea William' F. WI,, i t of the First State r ! r tA:s,. Jackson County, p Lp te geW tart to serve until e4 p.jxianent selection. Mr. Jchw nf b succeeds ex-Governor H. B. rg E New Mexico. 1 Cleveland Fire Costs $10,000. K' Cleveland, Tex.-Fire Tuesday do btroyed the Herald printing plant, the :general store of R. L. Williamson and the harness store of Bate Simm'ons. several other buildings, among them the First State Bank building and the general store of H. B. Whitmore, were damaged. Aviator Palls Head First. Washington. - Ensign Melvin L. Stoltz of the navy aviation corps was instantly killed Saturday while mak. ing a low altitude flight at Pensacola, Fla., according to an announcement by the navy department. Stoltz fell out of his machine head first while making a dive. Tennis Champion is Killed. London.a Anthony F. Wilding of New Zealand, former lawn tennis champion of Great Britain and who several times has been a member of the Australian team in the Davis cup matches, has been killed in the fight ing at the Dardanelles. More Than 80,C00 Captured. SBerlin.-The nurber of prisoners Laptured on one paut of our line sincfc day 2 is more than 80,000, says an ol ficial statement islued Tuesday. CLAIMS SHORTAGE $60,000 NATIONAL GUARD PROPERTY Property in Question Consisted of Tents, Blankets, Uniforms, Arms, Ammunition, Haversacks, Etc. Brownsville, Tex. - Charges that there are shortages amounting to $6o, 000 in Texas National Guard property were made by Captain Collin H. Ball, U. S. A., inspector-instructor in the guard, testifying for the government in the preliminary examination Fri day of former Captain George J. Head of the Texas guard, on charges of em bezzling and con racy to defraud the government. Captain Ball testified that this shortage occurred during the time of a former officer of the Texas Nation al Guard, who has resigned and now is believed to be in Mexico. Property to the amount stated was inspected by a Texas guard officer, and condemned according to required procedure. The reports of condemna tion, witness testified, were submit ted to the war department, were ac cepted and the property orlered de stroyed. Instead of destroy ing the property, the witness charged that the goods had beei sold. The property in question consisted of 60O teints, 1,000 blank<ts, many uLi forms, i:u amyunitio, gpare parts of rifh le t( ns, haVersueks, and, in fact, al:iiost every variety of equip niment is cud by t'o gov:rinment to the Texas Natitnil GuI rd. The wit:iess ts tii'ied that 19,00+0 cot ton khaki iinifoi1fs turnad in when the olive drab niiiforims superseded them vwere sold. On Mfarch 2, 1915, witness testified, a cair - beled sec ond-hand ciothing was slhipped out of Austin and hauled to Matainoios, Mlex ico. Captain Head, offering testimony in his own behalf, admitted selling some uniforms to the Mexicrns, but said that he bought them in perfectly good faith. He told of paying approximate ly $4,000 for the good bought, and said paynments had been made in cashier's checks. Captain Head was bound over to the federal court on charges of con spiracy to defraud the government by selling army property of the Texas National Guard. Bond was fixed at $5,000. TATE COMMISSION GIVES SOME RAILROAD DECISIONS Dismisses Proposition Requiring Bills of Lading to Show Condition of Cotton Bale "Spiders," Etc. . Austin, Tex.-The railroad commis sion Thursday announced its decisions of propositions considered at a pre, vious hearing, granting in part the ap plication of the railroads to amend the theatrical or party tariff rate. The commission fixed a parking charge of .$1 per car for each day after forty. eight hours. The railroads asked for a charge of $3 per day. The amount of baggage allowed each advance agent and each adult was reduced from 200 to 150 pounds and for each child reduced from 100 to 75 pounds. The present minimum charge of $35 Jfor private or baggage car was in. --creased to $50 and the $45 minimum bincreased to $75. The proposition to require that bills of lading on cotton in bales carry 'notation showing condition as to -"spiders"jwas dismissed. The application for a readjustment iof ratings on peanut products in car !loads was granted as to peanut oil, :cake and meal, taking the same rates as cotton seed by-products, and pass *ed as to screenings. Other proposi rtions granted were: Readjustment of -concentration regulation on wool and Imohair; to include tin or tinned iron spoons in coffee premiums; to remove depot building from East La Porte on Galveston, Harrisburg amd San An tonio railroad to Sylvan Beach. The -proposed readjustment of ratings on mohair, less than carloads, and pro -posed readjustment of rates on fruit, melon and vegetable baskets and hampers were passed. Would Preserve the Name. Houston, Tex.-The women of the Southern Baptist Convention, in their Women's Missionary Union, Friday went on record as opposing young women's Christian associations in Bap -tist schools. The idea was that the Buptists should preserve their own denominationalism in their own school. World Court Congress Adjourns. Cleveland, Ohio.-The World Court Congress held its concluding session Friday, with its delegates expressing the opinion that the latest movement toward world peace, an international court of justice, had been launched toward a conclusion that is bound to be successful. Two More Flood Victims Found. Austin, Tex.-The bodies of Mrs. Stella Hallo, X6 years old, and Har vey King, 20 years old, victims of the Austin flood, were recovered Tuesday, both being found in the Colorado river near Montopolls bridge. $1,000 for Vanderbilt's Body. Qucenstown.-Alfred G. Vander bilt's secretary has oi'er-ed a reword of $1,000 for the recovery of Ldr.. Van cierbilt's body. He was a passenger on the Lusitanma. CJNCERNS CHARTERED T(O D00 BUSINESS IN TEXA Thirteen Oil Companies. With Aggr1 gate Capital of $354,500, Foried. Austin, Tex.--Thirteen oil com. panies, all Operating in the Thrai field, with capital stocl aegregatig $354,500, were filed Thursday in the office of the secretary of the state And there was one oil com-pany which filed an amendment increasing its capital stock from $35,000 to $150,000. All records for a day's filing of oil company charters, as far as the total capital stock is concteried, were broken. Among the charters was that of the National Oil Company of Thrall, with capital stock of $lO0o,0i+, the largest of any company yet taking c.it a charter, The incorporators are W. I. Davis of Milam county, E.:, L. Steck and D. B Spiller of Travis county. The Eimtoda Oil and Development Company of Aus. tin filed an amendment increasing its capital stock from $:: ,,T+! to $150,000, which now has the ;argest capital stock of any oil com1p11an chartered for Ihe Thrall field. The charters filed foliov: Nntionil Oil to in n iil , Thrall; capi. tal J(oik, Iii"ai, i . iloorporators. iR. Davis, E. L. Steck and D. a Spiller. Starcouse Oil anid G.Ci Company, At hin ; apital +v' + . f,, ''a,. ~n ter, (. C. Oum1I11in C(' ccýli 1, :l'rt1''v (.1 Comlpany,Cald. well: ('pit' ' l siockul 12)0 . Incor. 15orW1,'-: R. N. Sxlton, W'. J. Harlan and A. It. Grieoso. Palim Valley Oil Companv, Austin; capial Istock, $25,0(uo. Incorporators: W. H. Richardson, Jr., Chvrles Rogan and F. ('. Hlendirix. Thrall-Weir Oil C'omnpan, Weir; capital stock, $8,001. Incorporators: J. W. Hale, Carl Liese and J. L Cruse. Thrall Producers Oil Company, Georgetown; capital stock, $25,000. Incorporators: F. D. Love, W. 1, Davis, G. M. McDaniel. Coipland Independent Oil Company, Elgin, Bastrop county; capital stock $25,000. Incorporators: J. 0. Smith,' L. Roy Jones and L. 0. Keible. - Thrall Home Olibo0Cmpany, Thorn dale; capital stocle :.$15,000. Incom porators:' I. Rudi,. R,. M. Barnes and O. B. Hoover. Brazos Oil and Gas Company, Waco; capital stock, $4,500. Incor porators: W. H. Davenport, T. W, Simpson and C. C. Robarts. Black Land Oil Company, Tyler; capital stock, $30,000. Incorporators: Howard Bland, J. P. Burns and R. II, Bland. The Elmoda Oil and Development Company of Austin filed an amend. ment increasing capital stock from $35,000 to $150,000. Government Reports Crops. Washington-The department of ag riculture's May grain report this week announced: Winter wheat area to be harvest. ed, 40,169,000 acres; condition, 921 per cent; indicated acre yield, i1I bushels; indicated production, 693,' 000,000 bushels.' 'Rye condition, 89.9 per cent. Hay stocks on farms, 8,468,000 tons, or 12.1 per cent of last year's crop. Pasture condition, 87.2 per cent. Spring plowing, 78.3 per cent coa pleted May 1. Spring planting was 65.3 per c; completed May 1. Coroner's Verdict in Lusitalnia Cas. Kinsale, Ireland.-When the inquest over five victims of the Lusitania had been concluded Monday, the corcfl&' jury returned the following ,erdict: "The jury finds that this appallfaq crime was contrary to international law and the conventions of all ciut lized Iations, and we, therefori, charge the officers of the subnla$iMt and the German emperor and ahl tbj govetnment of Germany, undei' whbn' orders they acted, with the crime of willful and wholesale murder." Officer Kills Two Bandits. Marfa, Tex.-Two men were U and two captured in the Big Bend a the Rio Grande near Boquillas by 7W as rangers, river guards and csitsOdi inspectors, as a result of a battle b tween the officers and fifteen allep cattle smugglers. The remainder ' the bandits retreated across the RIO Grande into Mexico, putting up a Sp8* ning fight until they were safe on the other side of the river. Pearland Plans to Grow FIgs. Pearland, Tex.-The fig gr6peer o. Pearland and vicinity at a meetlaS this week formulated plans with U view to handling the fig crop in around Pearland. It is now evi4d' that the coming season will wf0IE an increased interest in fig cult0r* There are over four hundred acres i big orchards for the coming SeM8 Bridge is Damaged $60,000. Velasco, Tex.-The central span the unfinished bridge being built jol* ly by the railroad and Brazoria colDtl across the Brazos river at BiraOdi was carried away Saturday by IM flood waters. The damage is mated at $60,00O. Texas Copper Is Being MiCd?. El Paso, Tex.-The phe'iomenfl hiZ in the price of copper, cn" to theWj has opened up the ? exas ctpper in eastern El Paso county.